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Full text of "1861-1865. Incidents of the civil war during the four years of its progress"



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I86I-I865 



Incidents of the Civil War 



DURING THE 



Four Years of Its Progress 



By Mary A. Hedrick 



"' \ I 



LOWEI.L, MASS. 

vox POPULI PRESS: S. VV. HUSE & CO. 

I 888 



Copyright, i88S 
By Mary A. Hedrick 







ec^ 



prefae^ 




HEN THE CIVIL WAR BROKE OUT, AND THE NEWSPAPERS WERE 
FILLED WITH WAR NEWS, STORIES, ANECDOTES, AND POETRY, 
IT OCCURRED TO ME THAT MY GRANDCHILDREN MIGHT BE AS 
MUCH INTERESTED IN THE STIRRING EVENTS RECORDED AS I 
HAD BEEN IN LISTENING TO TALES OF THE REVOLUTION. 

I BEGAN TO CLIP SCRAPS TO PRESERJE FOR THEIR FUTURE REFERENCE 
AND ENTERTAINMENT. THE COLLECTION BECAME SO LARGE IT WAS PUT 
ASIDE WITHOUT USE. MORE THAN A QUARTER OF A CENTURY HAS PASSED, 
AND THE PRESENT GENERATION KNOW BUT IITTLE OF THE LABORS AND 
SUFFERINGS OF MANY NOW MOVING AMONGST US, IN MIDDLE OR ADVANCED 
LIFE, AND MAY BE INTERESTED IN LEARNING FROM THESE CLLPPINGS WHAT 
MEN THOUGHT, SAID, AND WROTE IN THOSE DAYS. 

AS THEY WERE TAKEN AT RANDOM FROM THE PAPERS OF THE DAY, I 
CAN GIVE NO CREDIT TO ANY PAPER OR TO ANY WRITER UNLESS THE NAME 
OR LNITIALS WERE ATTACHED AND RETAINED, NOR CAN I FURNISH AU- 
THORITY FOR ANY STATEMENT; AND SO, WITHOUT PRETENSE TO HISTORICAL 
OR CHRONOLOGICAL ACCURACY, I PLACE BEFORE THE PUBLIC "INCIDENTS OF 
THE CIVIL WAR." 



M. A. H. 



Lowell, Ma.ss.. June, 1888. 




^Tmr^rrnfffim'ttmmjmmmtmtfmTCK 



Iptroduetioi^ 




^;BRAHAM LINCOLN, of Illinois, was elected President of the United States 
in November, i860. When the news was received in South Carolina the 
" Palmetto Flag" was hoisted on the shipping in the harbor, with cheers for 
a Southern Confederacy. Nov. 9th an attempt was made to seize the arms 
in Fort Moultrie, and the ne.xt day a bill was introduced into the South Carolina legis- 
lature to raise and equip ten thousand men. Later in the month Major Anderson was 
sent to Fort Moultrie. Congress met in December. President Buchanan denied the right 
of a state to secede, or the right of the general government to coerce a seceding state. 
An extra session of the cabinet was called to consider the question of reinforcing Fort 
Moultrie. The President opposed it, and no i-einforcements were sent. 

Dec. 20th the South Carolina convention unanimously adopted a secession ordinance. 
The President sent a message to the convention that Major Anderson should not be 
reinforced, and on the 26th Anderson left Fort Moultrie and took possession of Fort 
Sumter. He had with him one hundred and eleven men. Two days later South Carolina 
seized the government property in Charleston, and took possession of Castle Pinckney and 
Fort Moultrie. 

Jacob Thompson betrayed the sailing of the S/ar of the West, with supplies for 
Fort Sumter ; she was fired on and driven back by the Rebel batteries in Charleston 
harbor; and then he resigned as Secretary of the Interior. This took place Jan. 9, 1S61, 
and during the month the Gulf States and other Southern States seceded, seized forts, 
navy yards, and stores of all kinds, and were in open rebellion against the United States. 
All honor to Lieutenant Slemmer, in command at Fort Pickens, who refused to obev 



8 INTRODUCTION. 

the order to surrender the fort to Florida troops, and thus saved that important place to 
the Union ! 

The government made no effort to check the warlike proceedings throughout the 
South, and as the term ot service of President Buchanan drew to a close, much anxiety 
was felt about the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln. Happily, this took place without violent 
demonstration^. Meanwhile the Rebels had been bus}- with their preparations, and the 
batteries in Charleston harbor being in readiness, they opened fire on Fort Sumter, April 
1 2th, at 4 o'clock in the morning. 

How the news of this attack, and the events that followed, were received throughout 
the country, the feelings and sentiments of different people during the succeeding months 
and years, are best told bv clippings from the nev.'spapers, as they were issued just at the 
time the episodes were passing. 




I9eide9t5 of tl;^ Qiuil U/ar 



WAR BEGUN! 

Fort Sumter Attiicked by 
the Confederate Army. 



PJROMPT BE PLY BY 
MA JOB ANDEBSON. 



Report that Ttvo Guns Tvere Silenced 
and a Breach Made. 



ONLY TWO MEN WOUNDED. 



ARRIVAL OF 2000 TROOPS. 

Three Steamers Reported 
Off the Bar. 

CORRESPONDENCE PRECEDING 
THE ENGAGEMENT. 



Charleston, April 12. The Ball has 
Opened. War is Iiiannurated ! 

The batteries ou iSullivau's i.sland, 
Morris island, and other points opened 
on Fort Sumter at 4 o'eloek this morn- 
ing. Fort Sumter has returned the fire, 
and a brisk oaunouadino; has been kept 
up. No information has been received 
from the seaboard as yet. The military 
are under arms, and the whole poiiula- 
tion is in the streets. Every available 
space facinu; the harbor is filled with 
anxious spectators. 

SECOND DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 12. The firing 
has continued all day uninterruptedly. 
Two of Fort Sumter's guns have been 
silenced, and it is reported that a breach 
has been made in the south-east wall. 



Tlie answer to General Beauregard's 
demand by Major Anderson was that he 
would surrender when his supplies were 
exhausted, if he was not reinforced. 
Not a casualty has yet happened to any 
of the forces. Of uiueteeu battei-ies 
only seven had been o])ened on Fort 
Sumter; the remainder are held in re- 
serve for the expected fleet. Two thou- 
sand men reached the city tliis UKjrning 
and embarked for Morris island and 
neigliborhood. 

THIRD DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 12. The bom- 
bardment of Fort Sumter contimies. 
The floating battery and Stevens' l)at- 
tery are operating freely, and Fort Sum- 
ter is returning the Are. It is re]iorted 
that three war vessels are outside tlie 
bar. 

FOURTH DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 12. The firing 
has ceased for the night, to be resumed 
at daylight in the morning, unless an 
attem])t is made to reinforce Fort Sum- 
ter, to repel which ample arrangements 
have been made. Only two men were 
wounded during the day. The Pawnee, 
Ilaniit Lane, and another steamer are 
reiiorted otT the bar. Troops are arriv- 
ing by every train. 

FIFTH DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 12. The bom- 
bardment is still going on every twenty 
minutes from mortars. It is supposed 
Major Anderson is resting his men for 
the night. Three war vessels are re- 
ported outside. They can not get in, as 
the sea is rougli. Nobody hvu-t. The 
floating battery works well. Troops 
arrive hourly. Every place is guarded. 
Lively times. 

SIXTH DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 12. The firing on 
Fort Sumter continues. Reviving times 
on the Palmetto coast. 



SEVENTH DISPATCH. 

Charleston, April 1."! — 12:30 a. m. 
It is utterly impossible to reinforce Fort 
Sumter to-night, as a storm is raging. 
The mortar battiTy will be playing ou 
Fort Sumter all night. 



Another Account of the Firing. 

New York, April 12. The Herald's 
special dispatch from Charleston .says 
Fort Moultrie began the bombardment 
with two guns, to which Major Ander- 
son replieil witli three shots from his 
barbette guus, after which the batteries 
at Mount Pleasant, Cummings" itoint, 
and the floating battery opened a brisk 
fire with shot and shell. Major Ander- 
son only rei)lied at long intervals, until 
between 7 and .S o'clock, when he opened 
from the two tiers of guns, looking 
toward Fort Moultrie and .Stevens' bat- 
tery, but at 2 o'clock had failed to pro- 
duce any serious effect. During the 
greater part of the day Major Anderson 
directed his shots principally against 
Fort Moultrie, the Stevens and floating 
batteries, and Fort .Johnson, they being 
the only ones operating against him. 

Fifteen to eighteen shot struck the 
floating battery without eft'ect ; breaclies 
to all appearances being made in the 
sides of I^ort Sumter exposed to the fire. 
Portions of the parapet are destroyed, 
and several guns have been shot away. 
The fight will continue all night. The 
fort will probably be carried by storm. 

It is reported that the Harriet Lane 
has received a shot through her wheel- 
house. She is in the oflBiig. No other 
government ships are in sight. 

Troops are pouring into the city by 
thousands, and all business is suspended. 



LATER. 

New Voi^K, April 12. The following 
is a special dispatch to the Herald from 
Charleston : — 

"Six o'clock, V. M. Dispatches from 
the floating battery state that two uu'u 



10 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



have been wounded. On !^ullivan"s isl- 
and (luite ;i uunibei' have been struck 
by spent jiieees of sliell and knocked 
down, t)ut none hurt seriously. 

" Tliree shijis are visible in the offing, 
and it is l)elieved that attempts will be 
made to-night to throw reinforcements 
into I'ort Sumter by boats. It is also 
thought from the regular and repeated 
firing of Major Anderson that he has a 
larger force of men than was supposed. 
There have been two rain-storms today, 
but they had no effect upon the firing." 



OflBcial Correspondence Preceding 
Hostilities. 
Charlkston, April 12. The follow- 
ing is the telegraphic correspondence 
between the War department at Mont- 
gomery and General Beauregard, im- 
mediately preceding hostilities. The 
corres[)ondent'e grew out of the formal 
notification by the Washington govern- 
ment, disclosed in Beauregard's first dis- 
patch : — 

[NO. I.] 

Charleston, April 8. 
To L. P. Walkeu, Sec. of War, Montgomery: 
An authorized messenger from Mr. Lincoln 
has just informed Governor Pickens and my- 
self that provisions will be sent to Fort Sum- 
ter peaceably, othtn-wise by force. 

(Signed.) G. S. BEAUREGARD. 

[NO. II.] 
MONTGO.MERY, April 10. 

To Gen. G. S. Beauregard, Charleston : 

If you have no doubt of the authorized 
character of the agent who communicate<l to 
you the intentions of the Washington gov- 
ernment to supply Fort Sumter by force, you 
will at once dcmaml its evacuation ; anil if 
this is refused, proceed in such a manner as 
you may determine to reduce it. Answer. 

(Signed.) L. P. W.VLKER, Sec. War. 

[NO. III.) 

CHARLESTON, April 10. 
To L. V. Walker. See. o( Wwv : 

The demand will be made to-morrow, at 
1-2 o'clock. (Signed.) BEAUREG.A.RD. 
[NO. IV.] 
MoNT(iOMERV, April 10. 
To General Beauregard, Charleston : 

Cnless there are especial reasons connected 
with yonr condition, it is considered proper 
that you shouM make tlu^ demand atan early 
hour" (Signed.) I.. I'. WALKEK, Sec. \Var. 
(NO. v.] 

ClIARLE.STO.V, Aprd 10. 

To I.. 1". Walker, See. of War: 
Tht: reasons are special for VI o'clock. 

(Signed.) BEAUREGARD. 

[NO. VI.] 

CUAKi.KSTON, April 11. 
To I.. 1". Walker, .Sec. of War: 

The demantl was sent at -I; allowed till i» to 
answer. (Signed.) BEAUREGARD. 

(NO. VII.] 

MONTGOMEUV, April 11. 
To General Beauregard, Charleston : 
Telegraph reply of Anderson. 

(Signed.) I,. P. WAIJCER. 

[NO. VIII.] 

Charleston, April 11. 
To L. I'. Walker, Sec. of War: 

Maj(jr Anderson replies — " 1 have the honor 
toacknowleilge the receipt of your communi- 
cation demanding the evacuation of this fort, 
and say in reply thereto that it is a demaml 
with w"hieh I regret to say that my sense of 
honor and my obligatifjns to my government 
lirevent my c'omplying with." lie also adds : 
" Probably I will await the lirst shot, and if 
you do not batter us to pieces, we will be 
starved out in a few days." Answer. 

(Signed.) BEAUREGARD. 

[NO. IX.] 

Montgomery, April 11. 
To General ReaurE(;ari>, Charleston : 

l)(j not desire neeillcssly to bombani .Sum. 
ter. If Major .\nderson will state tlie time at 



which, as indicated by him, he will evacuate, 
and agree tliat in the meantime he will not 
use his guns against us, unless ours should 
be employed against Sumter, you are author, 
ized thus to avoid the elfusion of blood. If 
this or its equivalent be refused, reduce the 
fort as your judgmtmt decides to be the most 
practicable. 

(Signed.) L. P. WALKER, Sec. War. 

[NO. .X.] 

C'HARLE.STON, April \l. 

To L. P. W\4LKER, Sec. of War: 
He would not consent. I write to-dav. 

(Signed.) BEAUREGARD. 

Note. Intercepted dispatches disclose 
the fact that Lieutenant Fox, who had 
been allowed to visit Major Anderson on 
the jjledge that his piirjjose was pacific, 
employed his opportunity to devise a 
plan for supplying the "fort by force, 
and that this plan has been adopted by 
the Washington government and was in 
progress of execution. 



THE BATTLE AT CHARLESTON! 



Major 
Surrenders 



Anderson 
Fort Sumter ! 



The Wood-work of the Fort Burned 



THE NEWS AT WASHINGTON. 



The Feeling in Different States. 



Tk Presiient's ProclamatioE 



75,000 VOLUNTEERS CALLED FOR. 



All Extra Session of Congress. 



The latest Intelligence in our paper 
of Saturday from Charleston was dated 
Friday evening, o'clock. The fire was 
kc])! up on Fort Sumter, at intervals of 
twenty minutes, all night. Major An- 
derson rei)lied as constantly as possible 
with his heavy guns during the day, but 
at o'cUn-k ceased, and all niglit he was 
engaged in repairing damages. At 9 
o'clock on Saturday morning a dense 
smoke rose from Sumter, indicating that 
the woodwork was on fire. The bat- 
teries of Sulllv;in"s island, Cummings' 
point, :ind Stevens" battery poured shot 
ami shell into Fort .Sumter with terrible 
efl'ect. At 1 P. M., the whole nineteen 
batteries were playing upon Sumter, 
which replied vigorously. The entire 
roof of the barracks in the fort was at 
one time on fire, and there were several 
explosions during the afternoon. A raft 
was ]iiil out by Major .\nderson, and 
men were emi>loyed to bail water witli 
which to extinguish the fire, exposed to 
the shots from Fort Moultrie. With the 
display of a flag of truce from the ram- 



parts of Fort Sumter, at 1:.30 o'clock, 
the firing ceased, and an unconditional 
surrender was made. After Jl:ijor An- 
derson's flag-staft" was shot away, 
Colonel AVigfall, one of General Beau- 
regard's aids, went to Fort Sumter with 
a white flag, to ofl'er assistance in ex- 
tinguishing the flames. He apjiroached 
the burning fortress from Morris island, 
while the fire was raging on all sides, 
and ett'ected a landing at Fort Sumter. 
He approached a port-hole and was met 
by Major Anderson. The latter said he 
had displayed a white flag, but the firing 
from the South Carolina batteries was 
kept up, nevertheless. Colonel ^Vigfall 
replied that Major Anderson must haul 
down the American flag; that no parley 
would be granted, and that " surrender 
or fight " was the word, ilajor Ander- 
son then hauled down the American flag 
and displayed a flag of truce. All firing 
instantly ceased. Two other otticers of 
General Beauregard's stall', and Kx-Seii- 
ator Chestnut and Ex-Governor Man- 
ning came over in a boat and stipulated 
with JIajor Anderson that his surrender 
should be unconditional for the present, 
subject to the terms of General Beaure- 
gard. Major Anderson was allowed to 
remain with his men in actual posses- 
sion of the fort, while Messrs. Chestnut 
and Manning came over to the city, ac- 
comi);inied with a member of the Pal- 
metto Ciuards bearing the colors of his 
company. These were met by hundreds 
of citizens, and as they marched up 
the streets to the General's quarters, 
the crowd was swelled to thousands. 
Shouts rent the air, and the wildest joy 
was manifested. 

.\. boat, with an officer ami ten men, 
was sent from one of the four shii)S in 
the otting to General Simons, coniUKiiider 
of the forces on Morris islaiul, with a 
request that a merchant ship or one of 
the government vessels be allowed to 
enter and take otf the commander and 
garrison of Fort Sumter. lieneral 
Simons replied that if no hostilities 
were attempted during the night, and 
no eft'ort being made to reinforce or re- 
take Fort Sumter, he would give them 
an answer at 9 o'clock, Sunday morning. 
The ofticer signified that this was satis- 
factory and returned. 

General Beauregard went on a steamer 
to the fort, and three fire companies were 
also sent to extinguish the flames, but 
the fire hail, however, been previously 
extinguished by the exertions of Ander- 
son and his men. Visitors reported that 
Major Anderson surrendered because his 
<iu:uters and barracks were destroyed, 
and he h:id no ho])e of reinforcements. 

The fleet biy idly by during thirty 
hours, and either could not or w<mld not 
help him ; besides, his own men were 
prostrate<l from over-exertion. There 
were but five hurt, — four badly and one 
thought mortally, — but the rest were 
worn out. The ex]ilosioiis were caused 
by the bursting of loaded shells, which 
were ignited by the lire and could not 
be removed quick enough. The fire in 
the barracks was caused by the quan- 
tities of hot shot thrown from Fort 
Moultrie. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



11 



Within Fort Sumter everything but 
the casemates is in utter ruin. The 
whole thiujj looks lil^e a 1)l;u'kcned mass 
of ruins. Many guns were dismounted. 
The side opposite Cunimings' point is 
the hardest-dealt with, as the ritle can- 
non played great havoc witli Fort Sum- 
ter. The wall looked like lioneycomb. 
Near tlie top is a breacli as big as a cart. 
Tlie side opposite Fort Moultrie is hon- 
eycombed extensively, as is tliat opposite 
the floating battery. 

Fort Moultrie is badly damaged. The 
officers" quarters and barracks are torn 
to pieces. The frame houses on the 
island are riddled with shot in many 
instances, and whole sides of houses 
are torn out. 

Fort Sumter cauglit fire tliree times 
during tln»tlay. Doctor ("rawford, Major 
Anderson's surgeon, is slightly wounded 
in the face. None of tlie South Caro- 
linians were injured. 

Boats were sent to officially notify 
the fleet at the I)ar that Major Anderson 
had surrendered. It is not Icnown when 
the South Carolinians will occupy Fort 
Sumter, or what will be done with the 
vanquished, pjvery one at Charleston 
is satisfied witli the victory and happy 
that there lias been no bloodshed. After 
the surrender, tlie bells of the city were 
rimg, and cannon fired. 

Charleston, April 14 — morning. Ne- 
gotiations were completed last night, 
and Major Anderson, witli his command, 
will evacuate Fort Sumter this morning 
and embark on board the war vessels oil' 
the bar. 

When Fort Sumter was in flames and 
Major Anderson could only fire guns at 
long intervals, tlie men at our batteries 
cheered every fire which tlie gallant 
major made in his last struggles, but 
looked defiance at tlie vessels of war, 
whose men stood witliout firing a gun 
or attempting to divert tlie fire from a 
single battery. 

Five of Major Anderson's men were 
wounded. 

The steamer Isabel will take General 
Beauregard to Fort Sumter, which will 
be turned over by Major Anderson to 
the Confederate States. 

It is reported that Major Anderson 
and his command will be taken to New 
York in the steamer Isnhd. 

Major Anderson and men leave to- 
niglit at 11 o'clock in the steamer Inabel 
for New York. The fleet is still outside. 

It was a thrilling scene when Major 
Anderson and his men took formal leave 
of Fort Sumter. 



The Pennsylvania 'War Bill Passed. 

HARKiSBfi;<;, April 12. The war bill 
passed both houses to-night without 
amendment. Governor Curtin, who 
waited at the executive office for the 
purpose, has signed it. Charleston dis- 
patches about hostilities were read in 
both houses, ])roducing a profound sen- 
sation. Mr. Smith (Democrat), in the 
House, after a Cliarleston dispatch was 
read, changed his vote to aye on the 



war bill. All the Democrats of both 
houses voted against the bill. 

The bill appropriates a million to arm 
and equip the militia, and autliorizes a 
temporar}' loan. It provides for the 
appointment of an adjutant -general, 
commissary -general, and (piartermas- 
ter- general, who, with the governor, 
have power to carry the act into effect. 



Intense Excitement at Mobile. 

MOBILK, April VI. Tliere is intense 
excitement and rejoicing here. Fifteen 
guns were fired in honor of the attack 
on Fort Sumter. 



Maryland will Sustain the Adminis- 
tration — Disposal of Texas Troops. 

New Y(iI!K, April 12. The Commer- 
cial's Wasliington dispatch says that 
Reverdy Johnson is now her(>, and 
expresses his warm approval of tlie 
President's present movement, and em- 
phatically affirms that Maryland will 
give the administration its cordial su))- 
port. 

Two companies of troops, arrived per 
steamer Coatzacoalcos, have been ordered 
to Washington, four to Carlisle Bar- 
racks, and one to Fort Hamilton, in this 
harbor. 

■Washington Ne'ws. 

WASHlN(iT(iN, April 12. It is denied 
that any portion of the Confederate 
States lo;in has been oft'ered in New 
York. More than the entire amount 
has been arranged at par within the 
limits of the Confederacy. 

The expedition for the relief of Fort 
Sumter is said to be undertaken against 
the advice of General Scott, he having 
urged the evacuation of both Forts Sum- 
ter and Pickens. 



The 'Virginia Convention. 

Richmond, Va., April 12. The four- 
teenth resolution was adopted in tlie 
convention to-day, with Mr. Scott's 
amendment. This being the last reso- 
lution, the proposed aniendmeuts to the 
constitution were taken up. Mr. Wise's 
substitute was rejected. Adjourned. 

The official dispatches between Gen- 
eral Bf auregard. Major Anderson, and 
Secretary Walker were circulated in the 
convention this afternoon. They cre- 
ated considerable sensation, but there 
was no indication that the I'nion men 
would consent to secede without the co- 
operation of the border states. The 
public is greatly excited. 



The Ne'ws at Baltimore. 

Bai.timohe, April 12. The Charles- 
ton news was not generally promulgated 
until after nightfall. It produced a pro- 
found sensation. There was a general 
regret at bloodshed, and great diversity 
of views, but the general feeling was in 
favor of the government. 



Confidence of the President. 

New Yokk, April 12. A special dis- 
patch from Washington to the Commer- 
cial says the President to-day expresses 
confidence that the supply ship will be 
permitted by the Charleston authorities 
to land stores at Fort Sumter. 



Kentucky Troops Called For. 

Louisville, April 12. Dispatches 
have come here to hold the Kentucky 
volunteer regiment in readiness to move 
at a moment's notice from the War de- 
partment at Montgomery. 



Extra Session of the Southern Con- 
gress Called. 

Montgomery, April 12. An extra 
session of Congress has been called on 
the 29th. 



THE WAR NEWS. 

Ho'w It is Received, and 'What is to 
Follow. 

There was great excitement at Wash- 
ington on the receipt of the news. The 
Cabinet was in session till a late hour 
Saturday night, and met again Simday 
morning. The President is reported to 
have received the news with calmness ; 
he accepts the fact that the war has 
begun, and (says a dispatch) he is 
" ready for all emergencies." The coun- 
try may rely upon the administration 
for the full preservation of the honor of 
the government. The city will soon be 
sufficiently jirotected against the as- 
saults of the Rebels, should they under- 
take to attack it. The government is 
prepared at all points. 

" It is apprehended that, in the event 
of disaster to the Federal forces in the 
harbor at C'harlestoii, the Rebels will im- 
mediately march upon Washington with 
a large number of troops. The possi- 
bility of such an event is not denied by 
the military authorities here, but even 
with the worst that can happen the 
traitors will find a warm reception. 

"The regular troops now here have 
been ordered and proceeded to the out- 
skirts of the city, to watch ever}' avenue 
thereto, while the volunteers recently 
mustered guard the armories and public 
buildings. 

" Videttes are constantly seen riding 
through the streets." 

Capt. W. B. St. Johns, of the Third 
Infantry, and First IJeut. Abuer Smead, 
of the First Artillery, are to be dis- 
charged, for failing to respond to orders 
from superiors. 

Information continues to be received 
from private sources of secret plots in 
various localities in Maryland and Vir- 
ginia, having in view the seizure of the 



12 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



public pro]>erty. anil even the persons 
of the hifjlifst otticers of the govern- 
ment. Although many of the rumors 
are not lielieved, they will receive at- 
tention enough to secure a strict watch 
at all points. 

The proclamation of the President is 
received with favor by everybody, and 
all with whom we have conversed say 
that the government must be sustained 
and the traitors punished for their trea- 
son. The various military companies 
have meetings tliis evening, and we 
trust a spirit will be evinced of readi- 
ness to aid in ui)holding the President, 
by volunteering their services if neces- 
sary. 

The President's Proclamation. 

Whkkeas, Tlie laws of the United States 
liave iH^en for some time past and now are op- 
posed, and tlie exoi'ution tlieieof obstructed 
in the states <if .South Carolina, Geoi!;ia. Ala- 
bama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and 
Texas, by a combination too powerful to be 
sui:)pvess'e<i by the ordinary course of judicial 
proceedinj;s,"or by powers vested in mar- 
shals by the law; now, therefore, I, Abraham 
Lincoln, President of the United States, in 
virtue of the power vested in me by the con- 
stitution and the laws, have thought fit to 
call foilh, and hereby do call forth, the mili- 
tia of the .several states of the Union, to the 
aggregate nunibiu'of 75,000, in order to sup- 
press said combination, and to cause the 
laws to lie duly executed. 

The details o't this object will be immedi- 
ately connnnniiated to the state authorities 
through the War <iepartment. I appeal to all 
loyal citizens to tavor, facilitate, and aid this 
effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, 
and existence of our national Union and the 
])erpetuity of popular government, and to re- 
(Iress the wrongs already long enough en- 
(lured. I (hMun it jiroper'to say that the first 
service assigned to the forces'hereby called 
forth will probably be to repossess the forts, 
pla<-cs, and proi)ei"ty which have been seized 
from the Union ; and in every event the ut- 
most care will be observed, consistently with 
the ol>jects aforesaid, to avoid any devasta- 
tion, any destruction of or interference with 
property, or any <listnrbance of peaceful 
citizi'ns'in any part of the country. I hereby 
commanil the persons composing the com- 
bination aforesaid, tn dispcr.se and retire 
peaei^ably to their respective abodes, within 
twenty days fi-om this date. 

Dceining that tlie present condition of pub- 
lie affairs presents an extraordinary occa- 
sion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in 
me vestetl by the consliluiion, convene both 
liouses of Congress. Scuiators and repre- 
scntativ(-'S ai'c therefore summoned to as- 
.senddc at their respective chandlers at 12 
o'erloek, noon, Thursday, the fourth of July 
next, and there t(j consider and ileterTnine 
such meaMiires as in their wisdom the jiublic 
safety and interest may seem to demand. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand ami caused the seal of the United States 
to be alllxed. 

Done at th(- city of Washington, this fif- 
teenth day of April, in the year of our Lord, 
ISlil, and of the Independence of tlie ITnited 
States thi' eighty. tilth. 

(Signeil.) AISHAHAM LLNCOLN. 

By tin; l*residelit. 
William JL Seward, Secretary of State. 



hostilities at Charleston. She put into 
Norfolk through stress of weather, and 
while there heard of the trouble brew- 
ing at Charleston, and her officers con- 
sidered it inexpedient to jirocced. All 
her passengers landed at Norfolk, and 
the steamer was shortly after%\ ards fir- 
dered liy telegraph to return to Boston. 
Site made the passage from Norfolk in 
forty-seven hours. 



Highly Important from Kentucky. — 
The Governor Refuses to Furnish 
Troops. 

New Yoiuv, April 16. The Louis- 
ville (Ky.) Conrirr publishes the follow- 
ing reply to the Secretary of War: — 

Your dis]i.atch was received, and in rcjily I 
say emphatically tliat Kentucky will furnish 
no troo])S for tlie wicked purpose of subilu- 
ing her sister Southern states. 

(Signed.) B. MAGOFFIN, 

Governor of Kentucky. 



Want of Provisions in Alabama. 

A correspondent writing to us from 
Eufala, Ala., under date of April 4th, 
says : " Provisions here are exceed- 
ingly higli and scarce. It is a humili- 
ating fact tliut Alabama lias seceded 
fron'i the United States, and has not the 
means to su}>port herself. She is com- 
pelled to get her supplies from Ijouis- 
ville, Ky., and Evansville, Ind., to keep 
from starving. This is literally a fact. 
I am glad that the old North state has 
not consented to secede, and I hope she 
never will under the pretext that the 
Cotton states have. I must say tliat so 
far as I understand the policy of the 
Confederate States I have no taste for 
it; and sliould things thus continue, I 
will leave the Confederacy and return 
to my native state." — [North Carolina 
Standard. 



Major ADJersoii in New York. 



STATEMENT OF THE BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER. 



No Surrender of the Fort Made, 
but an Evacuation. 



Miijoi' Aiidei'soD Did Not Give Up His Swoi'd. 

THE WIOFALL EPISODE. 



Return of Steamer South Carolina. 

The steamer South CarnliHa, Cajilain 
Baxter, wliii^h left this port Ajiril (ith 
for Charleston, returned tliis morning, 
liaving liccii preveided Irom reaching 
her destination liy tlie brealiing out of 



Major Anderson, having been apidied 
to for an account of the attack on and 
defen.se of Fort Sumter, said tliat lie 
was too hoarse to talk himself, but lie 
deputed oni' of his lieutenants, who 
furnished, in substance, tlie following 
statement : — 

The Secession forces, on the 10th 
inst., had made every arrangement for 
.•111 attack, and all their guns were 
manned. On the following morning 



a demand was made on Major Anderson, 
bv General Beauregard, to evacuate the 
fort. 

Major Anderson refused firmly to ac- 
cede to this request, and in his answer 
remarked that he would probably be 
starved out in a few days. When this 
answer was received General Beaure- 
gard dispatched a messenger to the fort, 
who inquired on what day the garrison 
would be star\ed out, and whether Major 
Anderson would agree not to open his 
batteries on the oiqiosite forts mean- 
while ? The Major rejilieil that he would 
probably be obliged to evacuate the foi't 
on Monday, before noon, and would not 
commence hostilities unless the Seces- 
sion troops fired at his fort, or at the 
national flag which waved over it, or 
the vessels which liore it. ^A\'hen the 
answer was announced to General Beau- 
regard a consultation took place, after 
which the General apprised Major An- 
derson, through a sjiecial messenger, 
that he would open liis batteries on the 
fort in one hour. All the preliminary 
arrangements were then made in Fort 
Sumter for the expected battle, and the 
command, having taken their positions 
at and contiguous to the guns, were 
ordered not to leave the casemates till 
they were surrounded. 

At precisely half-past four o'clock, on 
the morning of the 12th, the South Car- 
olina forces opened a terrific fire, with 
apparently increasing and damaging 
vigor, on Fort Sumter; but the fire was 
not retuined till three hours after, when 
the men had taken breakfast. The hal- 
liards of the American flag were blown 
down by a heavy discharge of ball, clur- 
ing the day; and the shot and shell, 
wliicli descended in a fiery shower on 
the fort, enveloped the flooring in 
flames. Several of the troops, who 
could ill l)e spared, v\ere ordered to 
extinguish the fire. When they had 
succeeded, another eontlagration was 
observed, and then a third, which, after 
the exertions of hours, were put out. 
The men were thoroughly fatigued, and 
some of them almost exhausted with 
the work. AMien night arrived it was 
unusually dark — so dark that neither 
aim nor distance could be observed, and 
Major Anderson ordered the batteries to 
be closed. The Secession troops, too, 
partially ceased firing, for the same rea- 
son. 

On the 1.3th Inst. Major Anderson 
again ordered the batteries to be worlicd 
and return a vigorous fire of the enemy. 
The rapid discharge of ball and shell 
from the .Secessionists contributed to 
make the scorched air around tlie fort 
almost fatal to breathe. Tlie fire of 
General Beauregard's troops was so des- 
perati' that it was impossible to work 
the barbette guns, which had to be 
abandoned in consequence. The ditti- 
culties under which Major Anderson 
labored were increased by the fact that 
a iiortion of his men had to be employed 
in making cartridges, which caused in- 
tervals between tlie discliarge of liis 
guns, not otherwise intended or ex- 
pected. 

On the morning of the 13th inst. the 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL -WAR. 



13 



south-east portion of the barracks of the 
fort took fire, and the flames soon spread 
rapidly, tlireateuiug a fearful death 
to the gallant defenders. When the 
revolutionists observed the conflagra- 
tion they increased their tire, to the 
surprise of the oflicers of the fort, who 
did not expect such a proceeding. In- 
deed, the impression was general that 
the troops of South Carolina would 
oome over under a tlag of truce and ex- 
tinguish the flames. 

Nearly all of Major Anderson's com- 
mand was then engaged in the labor of 
reducing or putting out tlic fire, wliich 
spread so rajiidly that it apjjroached 
the precincts of the magazine, where 
ninety barrels of powder were stored. 

All the troops were then ordered to 
reuio\'e the powder, «hicli. after dan- 
gerous laljor, was covered with wet 
blankets and taken out. The precau- 
tion was rendered doubly necessary by 
the circumstance that the copper doors 
of the powder-chamber were hot enough 
almost to cause Immediate iguitiou. 
The air, too, which surrounded tlie fort, 
was similar to the blast of an over- 
heated furnace, and threatened imme- 
diate mortality among the men, who 
were obligetl to cover their faces con- 
tinually with wet cloths, to extend their 
painful existence. Still the fire of the 
revolutionists was kept up, and the 
powder which was saved, in order to 
escape anticipated explosion, had to be 
tlirown into the sea. A few of the 
troojis, however, manned the guns, with 
the object of showing by their weak and 
vain tire that they were still alive, and 
would die protecting the national flag. 

At this juncture General Beauregard 
dispatched a messenger, inquiring if 
Major Anderson would evacuate the 
fort. Major Anderson replied that he 
was read}' to do so on the conditions he 
had named two days before, but the 
Major did not ofler to surrender the fort. 
\Mien General Beauregard heard the re- 
ply he sent another messenger to the 
fort, oftering that Major Anderson might 
leave the fort on his own conditions — 
being, in military jjhrase, the honors 
of war. Major Anderson accepted the 
proposition, and the steamer Isabel, be- 
longing to the revolutionists, afterwards 
came alongside the fort, when the com- 
mandant, trof)ps, and laborers embarked. 

The American ensign was then low- 
ered from the flagstali' of the fort, and 
placed over the Isabel, during which 
ceremony a salute of fifty guns was 
fired in respect to the colors. As the 
Isabrl glided over the waters with the 
Federal troo]>s, the American flag was 
raised, and a band on board struck up 
"Yankee Doodle." 

The evacuation of the fort was a 
necessity, as existence there, under the 
circumstances, was almost an impossi- 
bility. — [New York Express, April 18. 



Appearance of Major Anderson and 
his Command.— Incidents of his 
Reception. 

The commandant of Fort Sumter pre- 
sents, in his personal appearance, vivid 



indications of having participated in a 
battle of long duration. The smoke and 
Are with which he was surrounded have 
given him a brown complexion, and the 
fatigue and resjjonsibility of his mili- 
tary position aiipear to have carved 
many lines in his face, not presented in 
the current portraits of him recently 
taken. He was hoarse, and when ap- 
jjroached by several gentlemen who 
went on board to see him, he seemed too 
i>ver-worn to answer the auxious (jues- 
tions which were put to him on all sides. 
Lieutenant Hall and some of the other 
oliicers also presented the ajipearance of 
having been engaged in a fierce cannon- 
ade, and some of them were too much 
fatigued to speak. 

'I'he countenances of the troops, also, 
told ]jlainly of the action in whicli 
they had exhibited so inut'li l)ra^'ery. 

When the Baltic had arrived ojijiosite 
Forts Diamond and Hamilton, salutes 
were fired in honor of Major Ancb'rson. 
Several guns were also discharged from 
Stateu island. 

The island steamer Soullifldd stoi»ped 
her engines opposite Quarantine, when 
the passengers sent up cheer after cheer 
in honor of Major Anderson. 

Those on bciard the Birkbeck alst) made 
similar demonstrations — all of which 
Major Anderson acknowledged. 

As the conmiandant left the larger 
steamer, the troops and all on board 
sent up enthusiastic cheers. 

Major Anderson reacheil the Brevoort 
house at about 2 o'clock, where he was 
met by a few gentlemen and cordially 
received. Thanking them for the coul- 
plinients they hail seen fit to pay him, 
he retired to his own apartments, where 
he met his wife. 

The jiublic appeared to be entirely un- 
aware of the place to which Major An- 
derson had been taken, until after his 
arrival, when the news rapidly s])read 
that he was quartered at the IJrevoort. 
In a few minutes quite a throng col- 
lected, and from a thousan<l throats 
there went up repeated cheers for the 
hero of Fort Sumter. 

The Fifth regiment, Jeflerson (iuards, 
being out upon their annual i>arade to 
celebrate Jetterson's birthday, heard of 
the location of Major Anderson, and the 
Colonel determined to pay him the honor 
of a marching salute. At 2: 30 o'clock 
the regiment reached the hotel, the 
crowd of people having increased in 
number to several thousands. The ex- 
citement and enthusiasm were intense, 
and when the recipient of the ovation 
made his appearance upon the balcony, 
tremendous cheers rent the air, hats 
and handkerchiefs were waved, until it 
seemed as though the assemblage were 
going frantic. 

For a moment the Major stood erect, 
and, giving the crowd a glance, removed 
his cap ; then, rei)lacing it, he gave the 
military salute, which was responded to 
by another outburst of enthusiasnj. 

After the last company had passed, 
he turned towards the window for 
the purpose of re-entering the parlor, 
when anotlier shout from the crowd, 
and "three more cheers for Major An- 



derson," compelled him to once more 
bow his thanks. 

He then withdrew ; but the assem- 
blage kept uj) their cheering for some 
time afterwards, and then dispersed. 

The >Iajor afterwards received a few 
friends in the parlor, some of them La- 
dies, and then withdrew to his own 
ajiartments. It is generally remarked 
that he had a careworn, anxious look, 
and some intimate tluit he bitterly feels 
the doubts that hav(> lieeu raised regard- 
ing his loyalty to the flag ami govern- 
ment, whose honor and dignity he has 
so noblv vindicated. 



Senator Wigfall's Freak. 

Toward the close of the second day. 
Senator Wigfall made liis ai)])earanee at 
an end)rasure, with a white handker- 
chief tied to a swoi'd, and asked for ad- 
mittance. 

Two soldiers at the embrasure would 
not allow him to enter until he gave up 
his sword. When he got in he requested 
to see Major Anderson, and begged him 
for God's sake to stop tiring, and take 
any terms he wanted. 

He also prayed that a white flag nnght 
be hoisted for his protection, as he had 
been fired ujion, on coming over. 

Major Anderson Ihereuiion consideri'd 
the extreme circumstances under which 
the garrison was placed, and consented 
to accede to the request of Senator Wig- 
fall. 

The Doctor's Statement. 

^Vhile \\'igfall was crawling through 
the embrasure Lieutenant Snyder called 
to him, •• Major Anderson is at the main 
gate." He paid no attention to the in- 
formation, but passed into the casemate. 
He was there met by Captain Foster, 
Lieutenant Mead and l^ieutenant Davis. 
Wigfall said, "I wish to see Major An- 
derson. I am General Wigfall, and I 
come from General Beaureganl." In an 
excited tone, he continued, " You are 
on fire, and your flag is down. Let us 
quit this." 

One of the ofticers rejilied : ■' Our 
flag is not down; it is still waving on 
the ramparts." 

Wigfall then said : " Let us quit this 
firing, anyhow. Here is a flag," |)re- 
senting a white flag attached to a sworil ; 
"will any one wave it out of the em- 
brasure?" 

One of the gentlemen said : "That is 
for you to do, if you choose." 

Wigfall replied, " If no one will wave 
it, will y(ui allow me to do it':^" He 
jumped into the embrasure, and waved 
the white flag out nearest Fort Moul- 
trie, but the firing still continued from 
the battery on Sullivan's island. 

In answer to his repeated request, an 
oflicer said : " One of the men may hold 
the flag now." and Corporal Bringhurst 
jumped into the embrasure, and waved 
the flag. 

The shot continued to fall around u.s 
as the corporal was in the embrasure, 
when Bringhurst jumped back, and re- 
marked : "They do n't respect this flag ; 
they are firing at it." 

Wigfall then rejilied: "They did not 



14 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



respect it \\ lieu I held it ; they ih-ed t\\ o 
or three times wlieii I was there. I 
thiidc vou might staud it as well as my- 
self." ' 

Wigfall suggested that if we showed 
the flag fri)ui our ramparts they miglit 
oliserv^e it. 

Lieutenaut Davis replied: "If you 
re<iuest the flag show u from the ram- 
])arts wliile you hold a couference with 
Jlajor Audersou, it may be done." 

At this juueture Major Auderson caiue 
u]). Wig'fall said to hiui, " General 
Beauregard wishes to stop this, sir." 

"AVel'l, well,"' was tlie only reply of 
Major Auderson. 

VVigfall said: •• Major Amiersou, you 
have defended your flag uolily, sir. You 
have done all that e<udd be done, and 
General Beauregard wishes to stop this. 
Ujion \\ hat ternis w ill you evacuate this 
fort V " 

Maj(U- Anderson rejilied : -'(ieueral 
Beauregard is already aequaiuteil with 
the terms." 

Wigfall said: " Do I understand you 
that you w ill evacuate on the terms pro- 
l»i)sed to you the other day'/" 

Audersini replied : " Yes, sir; and ou 
those conditions only." 

VVigfall said : '• Then I am to under- 
stand you, Major Anderson, that the 
fort is to be ours." 

Major Anderson said, ])romptly, '"On 
those conditions only." 

AVigfall then replied: "Then I will 
return to General Beauregard." 

In about fifteen unnutes Colonels < 'hest- 
nut and l?oger A. Pryor, Captain Lee, 
and I'on'her A. Jliles came from General 
Bcauregiinl and had an interview with 
M:ijor Anderson, asking if he wanted 
any help. He ridated the conversation 
with Wigfall, to which the visitors cx- 
])ressed their asKuiishment, stating that 
Wigfall had no authority and had not 
seen Beaureg.ird in two days. 

Maj(u- .\udersou then said, " We are 
sold, then ; we will raise our flag again." 
'I'he visit(U-s reciuesteil bim to keep his 
flag down till tliey coulil couununicate 
with (General Beauregard, as it might 
complicate nuitters. 

Firing bad ceased. Some three hours 
after, another deputation came, agreeing 
to the terms ))reviously deciiled upon, — 
"the evacuation, not the surrender." — 
[Conuiirrcial Advertiser. 



■Why the Fort ■was Not Reinforced. 

It turns out, after all, that the B<iUic 
did leave Ibis port to nMnforce Sumter. 
None of the officers on board knew their 
destinaliou till thidr orders were opened 
at sea. The lliiliir. arrivcMl olf Cbarles- 
ton bar last Kriilay morning at three 
o'clock. She found there the IhirriH 
Lnnc. and the Pawnee, which were w;iit- 
ing to render her service in cl<';iriug 
away naval obstructions and to protect 
the Ilaltic's boats while they were going 
to the fort with stores and men. The 
I'nedliiintas arrivi'il on S:ilurday. 

Tlw plans for t\u- reintorcemeut of 
Sumt<'r by the lialtic were as follows: — 

The I 'resident's orders were to send in 
boats with stores only at first, and if 



they were fired ujion, to send in troops. 
But, unforliuiately, from the time of the 
Baltic's arrival till the evacuation of 
Sumter, it blew a perfect gale. There 
were but one hundred and fift_y sailors 
on board — an insufficient number to 
man the store-boats; and still worse, 
tlie Baltic, soon after her arrival, got ou 
Kattlesuake bar, and was all day in 
getting ofl'. Meanwhile, the almost 
agony of the offii'crs on board, who 
were within sight and sound of the 
bombardment, can be imagined rather 
than described. 

But the officers meant to reinforce 
Sumter, and accordingly i)roposed the 
following : To ]iut thirty men into three 
boats, w itii iirovisious, and row to Sum- 
ter in the day-time, which would have 
been one of the most hazardous and 
daring feats ever atteinpte<l ; but it would 
have been attem])ted if the gale had not 
rendered it impracticable. 

The Baltic's boats were all prejiared 
to make an attemi)t to reinforce at night, 
but the g;ile still jirevented. The next 
morning a siuall scliooner was alongside, 
which thcj- had engaged to carry men 
and stores on Saturday, and her de- 
parture was prevented by the cessation 
of the firing from Sumter at noon. All 
the officers on the Baltic say Sumter 
lootild have been reinforced within twelve 
hours at all or any hazard. The evacua- 
tion, of course, removed the necessity 
for so doing. — [Evening Post. 



An Incident. 



A congregation not far from Boston, 
that does its own singing, had the six- 
tieth psalm of the Connecticut hjmu- 
book given out to be sung, on Sunday 
uioruiug, April 14th, just after the news 
of tlie attack on Fort Sinuter, :iud you 
may imagine the spirit with which the 
following stanzas were sung: — 

** Lift ui> a banner in the field 
For tliose ttiat fear Tliy name; 
Save tlie beloved with Tliy shield, 
And put the foe to sli.ame. 

'* (;(> with our armies to the fight 
t.iko a Confederate God; 
In vain covfederaie powers unite 
Against Thy lifted rod. 

" Our troops shall gain a wide renown 
Ily Thine assisting hand; 
'Tis God that treads the mighty down, 
And makes the feeble stand." 



Wk have elsewhere given as detailed 
an account of the bombardment and sur- 
render of Fort Sumter as can well be 
gathered from the dispatches, which 
have been sent from Charleston, of 
course somewhat colored in favor of 
the South. With others, we deeply 
deplore the fact that hostilities have 
occurred between the troops of the Rebel 
states and a handful of men occupying 
Fort Sumter; and we are free also to 
express our chagrin that the fort, al- 
though inadequalcdy manned, h;is so 
easily fallen into the hands of the ene- 
mies of the Federal government. But 



it is really a triumph over which the 
victors have little reason to be proud, 
and unless we wrongly read the signs 
of th<' times, it will yet be to them a 
dearly bought victory. 

The proclamation of the President will 
be found elsewhere, and there is no 
doubt but he is to be fully and emphati- 
cally seconded in his endeavors to pre- 
serve our government. The people are 
with him ; and now must the decision be 
made, whether the majority or the mi- 
nority shall rule in this country. Mr. 
Lincoln has exhausted every means of 
peace. The South has retpiited his over- 
tures with scorn and derision ; they have 
threatened to overturn his government, 
and to take his life; they have begun 
war without just reason; and having 
taken the sword, will be met by the 
sword, we confidently believe and hope, 
although we grieve that any thing look- 
ing like a civil war should arise in the 
maintenance of our government; but 
the work of Washington and his com- 
patriots must uot be obliterated without 
a struggle in its support; and let us 
have an honorable and free government, 
— a government for all, — for one sec- 
tion no more than another, — or let us 
have a glorious war, and submit to 
anarchy when we must. — [ Lowell 
Courier, Monday, April 15, 1861. 



Staud by the Flag. 

In our opinion we can pay the Boston 
Post no higher comjiliment than by re- 
publishing the following noble article, 
which appeared in its columns yester- 
day:— 

" The spectacle our country presents, if 
inexpressibly painful, is most imposing. 
The constituted authorities, uttering the 
will ;ind speaking the voice of the nation, 
in the exercise of their legitimate func- 
tions, have raised the standard of liE- 
iMni.if'AN LAW. Let us thiidc up to the 
magnitude of the great fact, and sol- 
emnly of the dire necessity that occa- 
sioned it. The course of South Carolina, 
from first to last, has been arrogant, 
precipitate, unjust to her Southern sister 
states, and false to the first princijiles of 
republican government; and we do not 
see how a candid miud in the civilized 
world can justify her immediate attack, 
under the circumstances, on Fort Sum- 
ter, because it was about to be supplied 
with provisions. 

"This act of war made necessary 
the I'resident's jn'oclamatiou. This uu- 
sheaths the sword of law, and there was 
no other course. But the good citizen 
will observe that the President is care- 
ful to say, that in every event the ut- 
mo.st care will be observed to avoid 
devastation, not to interfere with or 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



15 



destroy auy property, or lUstiirb peace- 
ful citizens in any part of the country. 
This is well put, ancl must meet the ap- 
probation of every considerate mind. 
No people and no state have done more 
to exasperate than Soutli Carolina ; but 
not even for her peaceful citizens and 
her towns and cities is to be the devasta- 
tion of war: if for nothing else, for the 
sake of old memories that will come 
thronging iu with every passing event. 

"At this call of the "law, this great 
country, iu the armed men springing to 
the rescue, now presents a spectacle that 
the world will contemplate with wonder. 
President Jefterson said in his tirst in- 
augural that it was a theoretic and 
visionarj- fear, that this repulilican gov- 
ernment, Ihe. world's best hope, was not 
strong enough ; or that it could, even by 
possibility, want energy to preserve it- 
self; and he ijronouuced it to be the 
strongest government on the face of the 
earth. His words are : ' I believe it 
tlie only oue where every man, at the 
call of law, woidd (ly to the standard of 
the law, and would meet invasions of 
the public order as his own personal 
concern.' This is what the people are 
now doing ! The uprising is tremendous ; 
and well would it be for each good citi- 
zen, Soufli and North, to feel this inva- 
sion of the pidjlic order at Fort Sumter 
as his own personal concern. In reality 
it is so. There is left no choice but 
between a support of the government 
and anarchy ! The rising shows that 
this is the feeling. The proclamation 
calls for seventy-live thousand men ; and 
from one state alone (Pennsylvania) a 
hundred thousaiv^l are at tlie President's 
command, at fort3'-eight hours" notice! 
Nor is this all; capitalists stand ready 
to tender millions upon millions of 
money to sustain tlie grand government 
of their fathers. Thus the civilized 
world will see the mighty energy of a 
free ijeople, su])plyiug iu lull measure 
the sinews of war, men and money, out 
of loyalty to the su|)remacy of law. 

'•Patriotic citizen! choose you which 
you will serve ; the world's best hope, 
our noble republican government, or 
that bottomless pit, social anarchy ! Ad- 
journ other issues until this self-preserv- 
ing issue is settled. Hitherto, a good 
Providence has smi]<-d upon the Ameri- 
can Union. This was tlie Morning Star 
that led on the men of the Kevolution. 
It is precisely the truth to say, that 
when those sages and heroes labored, 
they made union the vital condition of 
their labor. It was faith in union that 
destroyed the tea and that nerved the 
resistance to Britisli aggression. With- 
out it, the patriots felt they were noth- 
ing; and witli it, they felt" equal to all 
things. That Union flag they trans- 
mitted to their posterity. T6-<lay it 
waves over those who are rallying under 
the standard of law. And God grant 
that in the end, as it is with the old 
mother couutry after wars between 
White and Red Roses, and Roundheads 
and Cavaliers, so it may be with the 
daughter; that she may see PEACE in 
her borders, and all her children loving 
each other better than ever." 



Patriotism in the Ascendant. 

niere can be no mistaking the senti- 
ment which has been aroused by the 
exciting events at Charleston. The few 
who liave prated, with the Courier of 
Saturday, of a " divided North," and of 
a "military organization necessary on 
two sides at the North," are confounded 
and silenced by the unanimity with 
which the government is sustained. 
There is no party division as to the duty 
of citizens in this crisis. Democrats 
ami Bell-Everett men unite with Repub- 
licans in sustaining the course of the 
government, and in tendering their ser- 
vices for the energeucy. A few in- 
stances will show the tone of public 
sentiment at the North. Governor 
Spragu<', of Rhode Island, who was 
elected in opposition to the Republi- 
cans, and is the representative man of 
the conservatives, has demonstrated by 
his patriotic oft'er of troops and of his 
own personal services to the general 
government, that patriotism is the first 
and only consideration with those whom 
he represents. His offer finds a hearty 
response in the gallant state of which 
he is the chief magistrate. In our own 
state. Brigadier -general Butler, the 
Breckenridge candidate for governor 
last fall, has offered to the Governor his 
own services and that of his brigade. 
In New York city, two regiments ten- 
dered their services to the United States 
upon the first news of the bombardment 
of Fort Sumter. One of these, the Sixty- 
ninth, is the Irish regiment, whose 
prompt anticipation of the call of duty 
shows tliat our adopted citizens are 
fully ind)ued with the si)irit of patriot- 
ism. Traitors abound, undoubtedly, in 
New York city, but perhaps one of the 
best indications of the patriotism of the 
masses is the fact that it has become 
necessary to guard tlie office of the 
Satanic Herald from an anticipated at- 
tack. It is certainly a good sign if the 
avowed sympathy of that sheet with 
the Secessionists has at last arouseil 
public indignation. 

The press gives further evidence of 
the spirit which inspires all classes. 
We need cite but three illustrations, tlie 
first from the Herald (Democratic), 
whose popularity with the working 
clas.ses gives to its opinions much 
weight. It says : — 

" It is of no use now to fling at the 
government. Let us give up small 
prejudices and go in, heart and hand, to 
put down treason and traitors, — come 



from what quarter they may. Those 
who aflbrd comfort and aid to the 
enemy by croaking or syiupatliy are as 
guilty as those who are iu open arms 
against the constituted authorities of 
the land. There were tories in 1761, 
and there are tories in 1801 ; anth those 
of to-day will go down as <lid tliose who 
turned traitors to their couutry when 
despotism was attemjjting to bind the 
people to the car of political bondage, in 
the days of the Revolution." 

Of a similar tenor is the following 
from the Post of yesterdaj' morning : — 

"That horror, civil war, is fairly on 
the co\mtry. It is a momentous fact 
that adjourns at once for a season all 
other and iirior issues, and brings home 
to all who mean to be faithful to the 
obligations they owe to their couutry 
the practical question as to what is the 
duty of the hour. In this more than 
painful, this awful exigency, we can see 
no other honorable course for patriotic 
and national men but to sustain the 
constitutional .-luthorities in the exercise 
of their legitimate- I'unctious; to keep 
up public cre(lit; to act worthy of the 
kindling heritage of olil memories; to 
let the heart swell with gratitude and 
lionor towards the br.ive who bear 
worthily on and up the flag of the stars 
and stripes, tlie more rather than the 
less, that they have not to deal with the 
foreigner, but that in tlieir duty of obe- 
dience to thrir su|ieriors, they have the 
painful work of dealing with their coun- 
trymen. The old banner that Washing- 
ton and Jackson bore will wave over 
them, and what will remain of the old 
Union will be for them and their iios- 
terity." 

The following from tlie Irish Pictorial, 
the organ of the adopted citizens of the 
Irish race in this city, shows that 
they are not behind their brothers in 
New York iu devotion to the country of 
their adoption. Sucli demonstrations 
from this quarter stanqi as a base libel 
the assertion that " Irish regiments have 
been tendered to the Secessionists from 
the N(jrth."" 

•'To Ann?*! To Anus ! I 

"Sucli should now be the cry of every 
loyal citizen, until the blood sheil at 
Charleston is atoned for by the most 
signal punishment of the traitors who 
would ilestroy the (Uily free government 
on eartli, and reduce our hitherto power- 
ful and jirosperous country to a worse 
condition than the petty states of 
Mexico. 

" The President, in his inaugural ad- 
dress, extended the olive branch of 
peace to the rebellious citizens of the 
South, and called ui)on them to return 
to their allegl:inee and their duty. He 
guaranteed to the seceding states a con- 
tinuance of their [jostal facilities, and 
pointed out to tliem the ruinous paths 
they were pursuing, with all the kind- 
ness and att'ection of a parent to his 
en-atic child. 



16 



IXCTDE.VTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



"The pacific policy thus inaugurated 
has been treated with derisiou by the 
traitors, and looked upon as evidence of 
the weakness and cowardice of the 
national ijovernnient. 

" Tlie little garrison defending Fort 
Sumter, who. "by-the-byo. are mostly 
of Irish birth, and of tliat tine old Cel- 
tic race w hich never yet t\irned its back 
upon a foe. had but a few days" supply 
of provisions, and when the govern- 
ment offered to withdraw all the troops 
from that fort, leaving only a corporal 
and two men in charge of it. this was 
refused by the Rebel le'aders.who insisted 
upon terms, which if agreed to by our 
government, would have made it syn- 
onymous with every thing mean and 
vile, and left our country the scoff of 
every nationality on earth. 

•• These humiliating conditions the gov- 
ernment rejected, and announced to the 
governor of South Carolina their inten- 
tion of peaceably supplying the little 
garrison with provisions. For this a 
civil war has been commenced by the 
South, which can end only in the over- 
whelming defeat of the Rebels, and the 
destruction of the oligarchical and des- 
potic government they have set up. 

"In the war of Independence. Irish- 
born men played a noble piirt. At the 
battle of New Orleans the country was 
saved by Andrew Jackson, the son of 
an Irish peasant, and in the war now 
inaugurated Irishmen will be found loyal 
to the government and country which 
has been an asylum and a home to the 
oppressed of every nation. 

'•Let every adopted citizen remember 
the oath which he has taken to support 
the constitution, and no people pay 
greater reverence to the sanctity of an 
oath than those of Irish birth. 

■'There are. unfortunately, in all our 
large cities, a few designing, traitorous 
demagogues, who will endeavor to instil 
the poison of their own minds into oth- 
ers : but they are few indeed, and every 
adopted citizen should shun these trai- 
tors, or put a mark of reprobation on 
them. The Irish people on this conti- 
nent are loyal to the Union, the consti- 
tution, and the goveriunent. and will 
support them by every mean? in their 
power. Let the government proceed 
with •jngor. If we must have ^^ar. let 
it not be a -little war"; let it be over- 
whelming, so that it may speedily be 
ended."" 

AVe might cite many other indications 
of a unanimity of public sentiment, 
which exceeds any thing that coiild 
have been anticipated, and surpasses 
even what has been hojied for. In Bos- 
ton, Xew York. Philadelphia, and Balti- 
more. — the great commercial centers, 
where lukewarmness was to have been 
expected, if anywhere. — the spirit of 
patriotism is dominant, and each will 
send its quota of fighting men to sus- 
tain the government. We need not say 
that public sentiment in the agiicultural 
districts beats responsive to the popular 



movements in the cities. The patriotism 
of those who are untrammeled by trade 
has never been doubted. — [April 16, 1861. 



The Call to Arms. 



The spirit and promptness with which 
the loyal states respond to the call of 
the President for seventy-five thousand 
men, will solve the problem of the 
country's future. If these troops are 
poured into Washington at once, before 
the Confederate States can prepare to 
strike another blow, the disaffected will 
be overawed, and rebellion will speedily 
be crushed out. It can not stand before 
the gathering masses of indignant free- 
men, whose forbearance and good-feeling 
have been too long tested. The signs 
of the times are auspicious. The taking 
of Fort Sumter has aroused a spirit of 
patriotism and zeal for the country's 
service, before which treason in the 
northern states at least has shrunk 
abashed. The Secessionists have 
counted largely upon sympathy and 
even aid from this section. They will 
be speedily undeceived. The reign of 
anarchy which they anticipated here 
wUl not prevail. The interests of capi- 
tal and of labor are bound up with the 
maintenance of the government, and the 
government will be sustained, and the 
insulted flag of the country vindicated. 
Already the gathering of citizen sol- 
diery, enthusiastically responding to the 
call of duty, is demonstrating that 
the martial ardor of the Xorth has not 
been forgotteu in the pursuits of peace. 
If the swords have been beaten into plow- 
shares, from those plowshares armed 
men are gathering at the call of the 
President. AVith such a spirit, the war 
into which our coimtry has been plunged 
will be of short diu-atiou, and the cap- 
ture of a starving garrison of one hun- 
dred men will be the only '"glorious 
victory "" of which the Secessioiiists can 
boast . 



Good Pluck in Rhode Island. 

The Providence Poi^t. of April 13th, 
says that '"Governor .^prague has tele- 
graphed to the President, offering for 
the defense of the national cajjita^ the 
Providence Marine Artillery and one 
thousand infantry, commanded by the 
Governor in person. Rhode Island and 
her governor are worthy of each other, 
and of the jTinciples which they are 
prompt to support, in the field as well 
as in the council."" 



Interesting Particulars of the Bom- 
bardment. 

The following dispatch gives some in- 
teresting particulars not contained in 
the associated press accounts: — 

Chakleston. April 14. The last act 
in the drama of Fort Sumter has been 
concluded. Major Anderson has evacu- 
ated, and with his command departed 
by the steamer Isabel from the harbor. 
He saluted his flag, and the company, 
then forming u])on the parade ground. 



marched out upon the wharf, w ith driun 
and fife playing "Yankee Doodle." 

During the salute a pile of cartridges 
burst in one of the casemates, killing 
two men and wounding four others. 
One was buried in the fort whh military 
honors. The other will be buried by the 
soldiers of South Carolina. 

The wounded men were brought to 
the city, where they are receiving the 
best surgical attention. The others 
went in the steamer. 

It is not definitely known whether 
Major Anderson will go to Xew York in 
the Isitbi'l or in a man-of-war; but it is 
supposed in the former, as he is said to 
be highly incensed against the United 
States officers for not coming to his as- 
sistance during the fire, in repouse to 
frequent signals of distress. 

The Isatiil was furnished him at his 
own request. 

The people are equally indignant here, 
and say it is the most cowardly act ever 
perpetrated. They might have even 
made the attempt to aid him. 

In contrast with this, an old slave 
passed through the hottest fire, with a 
slooi>-load of wood, on Friday evening, 
and came safely to the city. Somebody 
told him he would be killed in the at- 
tempt. ''Can"t help that,"" said he; 
•■ must go to de town to-night. If any- 
body hurt dis chile or dis boat, massa 
see him about it. shuah."" His sloop re- 
ceived four shots. 

It is reported here that Major Ander- 
son sent in his resignation, to take effect 
on the inauguration of the Lincoln gov- 
ernment, but no notice was taken of it. 

The news received from Washington 
to-night states that Major Anderson is 
strongly suspected of treachery. The 
idea is preposterous. 

The fort is burned into a mere shell : 
not a particle of woodwork can be found. 
The guns on one side of the parajjet 
are entirely dismounted, others split, 
while the gun-carriages are knocked into 
siilinters. 

Major Anderson says the accuracy of 
the firing surprised him. and that if he 
had had two hundred more men. one- 
half would have been killed for want of 
suitable protection. 

AYhen Colonel Chestnut, aid of General 
Beauregard, went to offer assistance 
after the fire, he says the fort was like 
an oven, and he could hardly breathe. 
It was so hot that Major Anderson re- 
ceived him in one of the casemates. In- 
quiry being made how many were killed, 
he said, " None. How many on your 
side?"" "None." was the response. 
'■Thank God." replied M.ijor Anderson; 
■■ there has been a higher Power over us." 

Major .\nderson says it is preposter- 
ous to fight such a people. One of the 
oflicers in the fort remarked that they 
had endeavored not to fire on exposed 
individuals. •■Yes."" said Major Ander- 
son, ■■ I gave orders not to sight men, 
but to silence batteries."" Both men 
and officers were begrimed with smoke 
and powder. 

The batteries which have done the 
most mischief are the Dahlgren battery, 
Stevens" batterv. and the rifle cannon. 



Ii\'CIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



17 



The fort was set on fire three times 
with hot shot on Friday, but was extin- 
guished. On Saturday it was again in 
flames, and then bej-ond control. After 
the fire ceased the surgeon-general of 
the state troops went down and offered 
his personal services to aid the wounded. 

As regards harbor defense, the fort is 
just as good as ever. The casemates are 
perfect, the guns are in prime condition, 
and bear on both sides. 

Major Anderson was obliged to throw 
overboard a large quantity of powder, 
to prevent explosion, and it was floating 
around the fort toniay. 

One of the aids carried brandy to 
Major Anderson in a boat, after the fire, 
and the latter said it was very accepta- 
ble, as the men were completely ex- 
hausted by their labors. I mention this 
to show the kind aud chivalrous rela- 
tions between the oflicers. 

Before going into action Major Ander- 
.son sent word by an aid of General 
Beauregard to the Governor, thanking 
him for kind attentions during the past 
two months, and very solemnly said : 
" Farewell, gentlemen. If we do not 
meet again here. I hope we shall meet 
in a better world." 

Just befort- the demand for evacua- 
tion he received a letter from his wife, 
informing him of the reports that the 
demand would be made. He was much 
surprised : but more so, when the fact 
was verified three minutes afterward. 

The fort has been garrisoned by the 
Palmetto Guards, and put under com- 
mand of Lieutenant-colonel Ripley, who 
commanded Fort Moultrie after the de- 
parture of Major Anderson. 

The Major's feelings were spared in 
every respect, and no person, except 
authorized aids, allowed inside. The 
harbor is full of boats, sailing around 
the fort; but no parties without busi- 
ness are permitted to land. 

Special dispatches to-night state that 
Mr. Lincoln has called for seventy-five 
thousand volunteers. The people think 
there is a great deal of bluff about it. 

The city is resmuing its usual quiet. 
Everybody is exchanging congratula- 
tions over the successful termination of 
the fight ; but the soldiers are itching 
for a hand-to-hand brush. 

The Confederate flag and the Palmetto 
flag were hoisted on separate spars sim- 
ultaneously. It is believed that a block- 
ade has been finally established. 

The following information comes from 
n'ashington, on Sunday: — 

"Mr. Wiley, of Xew York, had an in- 
terview with the President to-night. 
He left Charleston on Friday night, and 
says he saw the battle during that day. 
He says there was not an interval of 
two minutes between the firing on both 
sides after Major Anderson opened his 
fire, which was not until about 1 o'clock 
A. M., two and one-half hours after the 
Morris, Sullivan, and James island bat- 
teries had been pouring into Fort Sum- 
ter. Mr. Wiley says major Anderson 
worked his guns actively all day. until 
6 o'clock Friday evening. The Charles- 
tonians were surprised at it, in view of 
the small number of men in the place." 



Past and Future. 



Dec. 26. ISGO. 



Dec. 21, 1010. 



A Ballad of Major Anderson. 
BY MRS. J. C. K. DORR. 

Come, children, leave your playing, this dark 

and stormy night; 
Shut fast the 'rattling window blinds, and 

make tlie fire burn bright; 
And liear an old man's story, while loud the 

fierce winds blow. 
Of gallant Major Anderson and fifty years 

ago. 

I was a young m.an then, boys, but twenty- 
eight year..* old. 

And all my comrades knew me for a soldier 
brave and bold ; 

My eye was bright, my step was firm, I meas- 
ured six feet two, 

And I knew not what it was to shirk when 
there was work to do. 

We were stiitioned at Fort 3Ioultrie, in 

Charleston harl)or, then, 
A brave band,lliough a small one, of scarcely 

sixty men ; 
And day and night we waited for the coming 

of the foe. 
With noble Major .\uderson, just fifty years 

ago. 

Were they Frencli or English? ask you. Oh, 

neither, neither, chiid ! 
We -were at peace witli other lands, and all 

the nations smiled 
On the StjiFs and Stripes, wherever they 

floated, far and free, 
Aud all the foes we had to meet we found 

this side of the sea. 

But even between brothers bitter feuds will 

sometimes rise. 
And 't was the cloud of civil war that darkened 

in the skies. 
I have not time to tell you how the quarrel 

first began. 
Or how it grew, till o'er our land the strife 

like wildfire ran. 

I will not use Iiard words, my .boys, for I am 

old and gray, 
And I 've learned it is an easy thing for the 

best to go astray; 
Some wrong there was on either side, I do 

not doubt at all; 
There are two sides to a quarrel — be it great, 

or be it small ! 

But yet, when South Carolina laid her sacri- 
legious hand 

On the altar of the Union that belonged to all 
the land ; 

When she tore ourgloiious banner down and 
trailed it in the dust, 

Every patriot's heart and conscience bade 
him guard the sacred trust. 

You scarce believe me, children. Grief and 
doubt are in your eyes. 

Fixed steadily upon me", in wonder and sur- 
prise. 

Don't forget to thank our Father when to- 
night you kneel to pray, 

That an undivided people rule America to- 
day. 

We were stationed at Fort Jloultrie, but about 

a mile away 
The battlements of Sumter stood proudly in 

the bay ; 
'T was by far the best position, as he could not 

help but know. 
Our gallant Major Anderson, just fifty years 

ago. 

Yes, 't was just after Christmas, fifty years ago 

to-night; 
The sky was calm and cloudless, the moon 

w^as clear and bright; 
At six o'clock the drum beat to call us to 

parade. 
And not a man suspected the plan that had 

been laid. 

But the first thing a soldier learns is that he 

must obey. 
And that when an order 's given he has not a 

word to say ; 



So, when told to man the boats, not a ques- 
tion did we ask. 

But silently, yet eagerly, began our hurried 
task. 

We did a deal of work that night, though our 
numbers were but few; 

We had all our stores to carry, and our am- 
munition, too ; 

And the guard ship — 'twas the Xina — set 
to watch us in the bay, 

Never dreame<l wliat we were doing, though 
't was 'most as light as day. 

We spiked the guns we left behind, and cut 

the flag-statr down ; 
From its top should float no color if it might 

not hold our own. 
Then we sailed away for Sumter as fast as we 

could go. 
With our good Major Anderson, just fifty 

years ago. 

I never can fcjrget, my boys, bow the next 
day, at noon. 

The drums beat and the band played astir- 
ring martial tune. 

And silently we g:ithered round the flag-staff, 
strong and high. 

Forever pointing upward to God's temple in 
the sky. 

Our noble Major Anderson was good as he 
was brave. 

And he knew without God's blessing no ban- 
ner long could wave ; 

So he knelt, with head uncovered, while the 
chaplain read the prayer, 

-Vnd as the last amen was said, the flag rose 
high in air. 

Then our loud huzzas rang out, far and widely 

o'er the sea ! 
We shouted for the Stars and Stripes, the 

stan<lard of the free! 
Every eye was fixed upon it, every heart beat 

warm and fast. 
As with eager lips we promised to defend it 

to the last! 

'T was a sight to be remembered, boys. — the 

chaplain witii his book; 
Our leader humbly kneeling, with his calm, 

undaunted look ; 
And the oflicers and men, crushing tears they 

could not shed, — 
And the blue sea all around us, and the blue 

sky overhead. 

Xow go to bed, my children; the old man's 

story's lold,-^ 
Stir up the fire before you go— 'tis bitter, 

bitter cold; 
^Vnd I '11 tell you more to-morrow night, when 

loud the fierce winds blow. 
Of gallant Major Anderson aud fifty j-ears 

ago. 



Correspondence from 'Washington. 

The letters of the Washington corre- 
spondents contain many items of inter- 
est. We copy the following from the 
Tribune letters: — 

•• Xo blame is imputed to Major Ander- 
son by the» administration, and no whis- 
per affecting his fidelity and loyalty is 
tolerated. He acted upon a necessity 
contemplateil by his orders, which was 
to yield the fort" in case he should be en- 
compassed by an overwhelming force, 
or reduced to" an extremity by the want 
of provisions. According to informa- 
tion which reached here recently, his 
supplies were expected to be exhausted 
last Tuesday, and hence the extraordi- 
nary efl'orts which were made to recruit 
his enfeebled garrison. Major Ander- 
son himself endeavored to get rid of the 
laborers who had been employed in the 
fort, for the purpose of restricting the 
consumption to his actual military com- 
mand, but the state authorities refused 



18 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



to ponuit their dopartiirr, anri these ad- 
ditional mouths were thus imposed upou 
their limited stock of ])rovisioiis. 

'■ In view of the threatened eontillgency 
an attemirt was madi" to communicate 
with liini on the 4th inst., conveying dis- 
cretion to abandon the fort, if. in his 
judgment, it could not he held until sup- 
plies could be forwarded. But th.at and 
other dispatches were intercepted, which 
put the ."^ecessiouists in full possession 
of the exact circumstances of his condi- 
tion, and enabled General Beauregard 
to time his operations, as they were sub- 
sequiMitly develojied. Then the order 
cutting off his purchases in tlie Charles- 
ton market was made. The dispatch 
which Lieutenant Talbot took down re- 
peated this discretion, but also announced 
that a vessel with supplies, supported 
by several ships of war. would be sent 
to his relief. That dispatch could not 
be delivered, and its g(;neral character 
was anticipated by the instructions of 
the government, which had been feloni- 
ously appropriated before. It will thus 
be seen, that the Revolutionists were 
fully informed, not only of the state of 
the garrison, but of the policy of the 
government in every essential particu- 
lar. With their immense force and 
numerous batteries, and considering 
that the storm had dispersed the fleet 
which had been sent to Major Ander- 
.son's relief, or at least prevented their 
co-operation, the result is not surpris- 
ing. 

"Judge Douglas and other leading 
Democrats, who have heretofore favored 
a peace policy, now openly advocate the 
most decisive measures, ami avow their 
readiness to sustain the government 
heartily and energetically. Other op- 
jjonents have come forward in the s,ame 
l)atriotie spirit, and the feeling is spread- 
ing. The traitors at the North, who 
have l)i-en attiliating and co-ojierating 
with the conspirators South, ought to be 
marked as public enemies. They are re- 
si)ousihle for the belief, which is largely 
entertained in the South, that at the tirst 
clash of arms the Xorthern Democracy 
would enter the tield against the admin- 
istration. They are responsible, also, 
for having aided this treasonable rebel- 
lion in otlier ways. 

■'Although Sam Houston applied here 
a month ago for assistance to sustain his 
legal authority a>: governor of Texas, 
he has ree<'nt]y written, advising against 
s<'nding troops there. This change of 
front needs exiilanation, hut in the mean 
time the ]iulicy can not be altered to suit 
such caprie<'S. 

■'The ])lan for iirovisioning Fort Sum- 
ter was based upon the fact of unusual 
liigh tide in Charleston harbor on the 
lOlh, lllh, and 12th. which woidd ena- 
bli- steam-tugs to float over the shoals, 
out of reach of the IJebel batteries on 
Morris island. The storm delayed the 
vessels, and when I hey arrived it was 
too late. 'I'he war shii)s were simply to 
lie outside and protect the transports 
from the Ilebel vessels that might be 
sent to stop their passage over the 
shoals. 

••Some have questioned the patriotism 



of Major Anderson for surrendering so 
soon. But the administration has the 
most undoubting confidence in his fidel- 
ity and courage, and that he held out as 
long as possible. He was utterly out of 
provisions, except a little salt pork, and 
is believed to have surrendered from 
mere exhaustion. Passengers who left 
Charleston late on Friday night say 
Major Anderson's fire all through the 
day averaged four or five guns a minute. 
His eolumbiads shook houses to their 
foundations six miles away. 

" Senator Chestnut spent several hours 
on Thursday night, trying to persuade 
>Iajor Anderson to surrender or evacu- 
ate. The passengers believe the (Confed- 
erates had several killed and wounded. 

"In view of the forthcoming call for 
troops by the President, the tone of 
feeling in this city is admirable. Seces- 
sion blustered last night, but cowers to- 
night." 

We copy the following from the New 
York Times' correspondence: — 

" Twenty men from the Second cavalry 
were stationed all last night as a guard 
to the White House. Mounted troops 
are stationed to-night outside the city, 
with rations for their horses. They are 
guarding every approach to the city. 
They are stationed four at each point, 
anil relieved every four hours. Signals 
have been arranged for more speedy 
comnuiuication. One hundred and fifty 
men have been stationed in the Post- 
office department, three hundred at the 
Treasury, two hundred at the Capitol, 
and two hundred near the AMiite House. 

" It seeme<l difficult to comprehend the 
possibilitv that after twenty hours, a 
fort pronounced impregnable had sur- 
rendered to its assailants without hav- 
ing inflicted the slightest injury upon 
the masses engaged in the assault. 

" .\mong the Northern men there was 
a general determination that Major An- 
derson had at last proved untrue to the 
trusts reposed in him by the govern- 
ment, and unworthy of the praise be- 
stowed upon him when he evaciutted 
Fort Moultrie and retired to Fort Sum- 
ter. Indeed, at this tiiue the first suspi- 
cion of his unfaithfulness has settled 
into a conviction so strong that nothing 
but an official rei)ort and justification to 
the government will revive it." 

The New York Herald letters furnish 
the following : — 

"Two offici'rs of the New York city 
militia to-day announced to the Presi- 
dent tlie readiness of their regiments to 
ri'spond to his call. 

''Ca))tain Newton, of Boston, acting 
commander of the Second battalion Mas- 
sachusetts volunteer mililia. a very effi- 
cient cori)s, tendered his services and 
his battalion to the President yesterday. 

" General Lane, the uewly-<'lected Kan- 
sas senator, speaks of resigning and re- 
turning to Kansas to raise a regiment. 

"Colonel Kllsworth intends to raise a 
regiment of picked men in Illinois, who 
will be armeil with an improveci rifle 
anil sabre, and uniformed and e(iui|)ped 
for the zouave drill. Every coiniiany 
will have one or more couunissioned and 
non-(.ouunissi()ned oflicers thoroughlv 



competent to teach the zoviave drill, and 
the regiment will be hurried through 
with all possible dispatch. Colonel 
Ellsworth has special instructions from 
the government in regard to the matter. 

"The news from Charleston to-day is 
quite encouraging to the friends of the 
administration. If the dispatches can 
be believed, it appears that Major An- 
derson did not surrender the fort last 
night and proceed under escort to Mor- 
ris island. On the contrary, a flag of 
truce from the fleet lying outside the 
bar was sent to Morris island, inquiring 
if the Revolutionists would consent to 
allow Major Anderson to evacuate in a 
vessel of the fleet. They agreed to 
cease hostilities until 9 o'clock to-day, 
to consider the proposition, and by dis- 
patches from Charleston to-day noon. 
General Beauregard notified the commo- 
dore of the fleet that they would not 
object to the evacuation of Sumter by 
Major Anderson in the manner indicated 
by the commander of the United .States 
forces. 

"Accordingly it is asserted that Major 
Anderson will embark in the steamer 
Isahil for New York this afternoon. 

"The government is at a loss to tmder- 
stand the failure of the relief fleet to 
make a demonstration. Official advices 
are anxiously looked for, as alone ai)t 
to solve the mystery. 

"The failure of the expeditions dis- 
patched to Charleston has convinced the 
administration that the views expressed 
by General Scott, in regard to the num- 
ber of soldiers required to reinforce 
Fort Sumter, were correct. They will, 
in all probability, hereafter follow his 
advice, instead of that of inexperienced 
men. 

" It is denied, positively and emphatic- 
ally, that any overture was ever njade 
to the South Carolina authorities to 
evacuate Fort Sumter and leave a cor- 
poral's guard and flag. No siu'h propo- 
sition was ever made. If made, it would 
have been accepted. On the contrary, 
they assert that, while the administra- 
tion were daily assuring the world of 
their intention to abandon it. orders were 
.sent to Major Anderson to strengthen 
the defenses and maintain it until the 
expedition for succor arrived. Personal 
pledges, it is said, are in writing, that 
Fort Sumter was to be abandoned, while 
the writers were preparing an armament 
to hold it. It was the b;id faith of the 
administration, and the utter reckless- 
ness of truth, they assert, that stimu- 
lated the government at Montgomery to 
order its reduction before the arrival of 
the succoring squadron and the landing 
of trooi)s. The administration emphat- 
ically deny that such is the fact. Mr. 
Lincoln asserts that neither himself nor 
any of his administration gave them 
any such assurance. The admiinstration 
held that it was dealing with traitors, 
and did not ))ropose to disclose its pol- 
icy." 

From the corres)>ondeuce of the 
Worl.l : — 

"The streets and hotels are filled to- 
day with most excited crowds, and the 
feeling of i)atriotism and courage which 



INCIDEXTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



19 



pervade them can not be mistaken. It 
betokens the coming trimnjili of the 
government over treacliery and rebel- 
lion. There are tiiousands of loyal men 
who have stood between doubt and fear 
during the present crisis, looking up 
anxiousl.v, prayerfully, for peace, but 
they hesitate no longer. They seem to 
feel that the hour for action has arrived, 
and, at the first decided intimation of 
the invasion of this city, tiiousands will 
rush to arms. 

"There is no disguising the fact that 
here in Washington a great reaction has 
taken place. Those who were bitterly 
opposed to Mr. Lincoln are determined 
t<i ujiliold the government and defend it 
at its threshold. 

"The government has received a dis- 
patch that Pensacola has been rein- 
forced. General credit is given to the 
statement, as it is otlierwise confirmed. 
On Wednesday last there were four thou- 
sand Secession troops at Pensacola. .Six 
batteries had been completed, and more 
were in the course of erection. Six 
sloojjs of war now lie near Fort Pick- 
ens, and a collision was antieii)ated. 

"The President expressed the opinion 
to-night that Major Anderson was forced 
to surremler for want of provisions, or, 
in other words, was starved out." 



From Charleston. 



We have received tlie < harlestou 
Courier of Friday moruing, the day the 
bombardment conuneuced. The tone of 
its leading article shows that the imme- 
diate approach of hostilities was known, 
although the fact is not announced. 
It says that 'J'hursday will never be 
wiped out of the memory of the inhab- 
itants of Charleston; never has the com- 
munitv been wrought up to such a high 
pitch of excitement. Some of the ex- 
citing rumors are detailed, anil the arti- 
cle closes as follows : — 

" It was confidently believed that be- 
fore the day was passed the booming of 
cannon would be heard, when another 
fact was communicated from mouth to 
mouth. At about 2 o'clock, l". M., (_'ol. 
James Chestnut, ,Ir., of General Beaure- 
gard's staft', accompanied by Colonels 
Ohisolm and Lee, left the city for Fort 
Sumter, bearing the sunnnons to Major 
Anderson for the sui'rentler of that forti- 
fication. They returned between 5 and 
(J o'clock with the reply. As the pre- 
cise nature of his answer has not yet 
transpired, we pass it over in silence. 

" We might indulge in plausible pre- 
dictions and conjectures concerning this 
important mission and the events of the 
day, but we forbear. 

" At about 10 o'clock the commanding 
general again conununicated with Major 
Anderson, and he was given until 1 
o'clock to return an answer. 

"The city is quiet. Were it not for 
the uniforms in the streets we would not 
suppose we were on the eve of a battle. 
We will not (jenetrate this placid exte- 
rior. The nature of the crisis can be per- 
ceived in our homes. .Many a woman's 
heart is throbbing wildly, and the couch 



of hundreds of mothers, sisters, and 
wives will be watered with tears. But 
though tliere may be wee|)iug and an- 
guish, no knees are trembling, and no 
faces are blanched with fear. 

"Honor is liearer than life to South 
Carolinians. It is better to die freemen 
than to live slaves. We are tran(|uil un- 
der the shadow of the gathering cloud. 
AVe rejiose implicit confidence in tlie 
brave hearts and strong arms of the no- 
ble army that has gone forth to beat 
l)ack the basi' invaders of our sacred 
soil. The God of Battles is with our 
host, and we are certain of victory." 

The h'tyninri Ak-'vs announces tliat its 
publi<'atiou will be temporarily sus- 
pended, "from sheer i)hysical impossi 
bility of issuing a daily sheet." Most 
of its compositors anil pressmen had 
been sununoned to their posts of duty 
in the liarliiu-. 



Interesting Letter from Fort Sumter. 

The ^WDPrii'jicr i)ublishes the fidlowing 
letter from an officer of ^lajor .\nder- 
son's command, giving an account of 
the state of things a few days i)rior to 
the assault and capture of the fort : — 

Four .SlMTUlt, ( 

.Siiliu'diiy Kvcning, .Vpril 0, 1S81. i 
,\n/ Dear . 

S'oiu-s of llu' '.ill came to liaml this morning. 
1 .»*it down to an iinnieiliivte aiiswi'V, l)e0Huse 
tlnTc is no ti'llini; limv inucli liini,'fr tlic priv. 
ili';^e may hr allowed of eonnninncatint? witll 
tile outer worlii. Tlie nuiil tnrnislu-s the only 
sonree of eontaet witli ei\ilizntion tliiit av»? 
have been piTinitted to enjoy for now nioro 
than tlu'ee months. Kvery " rigidity of an 
uetual sie;;e has been enforecd, so far as our 
persons are I'oneerned, and it now .seems 
probable that we shall soon be bronjiht down 
to uetual starvation as an indni'emenl to 
ovaenate. The papers of the 'Ml and 4tli in- 
dieatea sliai-p policy on the part of the admin- 
istration—mostly i)ccause the Sappers and 
Miners and two 'batteries have left \Vayhinj<- 
ton, so far ]is I ean see; but it rejoiee.s my 
very soul to learn that somebodi/nt Washinj^oii 
i-an" keep a seeret! Rut the very silenee of 
those authorities eonibine, witii the repeateil 
assiiranees in Ihc papers, to our bi-lief tluit 
we are to be left to our fate — that the responsi- 
bility is entirely to be left with Major .\uder- 
son, if it should prove impossible to reinforce 
us, or e\'en that we are to evacuate, — a re- 
sponsibility that is certainly too yreat to 
place, in these circumstances, upon the shoul- 
ders of an army otlieer. Bui Major Anderson 
will probably meet that contingreney at once, 
if he is only 'assured that he is without hope 
of advice or succor. 

You have learned of the late firinj^ upon 
another vessel bearing our Ilag. — a tiriiif; thai 
was attended with an inconsideration and in- 
huinanily characteristic rather of a race of 
savaj^es than of a chivalric pi^oplc! ilnt these 
people are ashamed of it now themselves. 
You will be dis«:usted, too, that the hostile 
batteries were not fired upon from l-'ort -Sum- 
ter, as we were ; but when yon learn the pre- 
cise and distinct instrueti'ons by which the 
Major is jfoverncd, you will he inlinitclv more 
so, that his handesliould be lied while tlie 
lash is actually cracked over his back. It 
will all come right, I may assure you, alt hough 
1 can not tell hotc. 

The mortar batteries around us are to be 
depended upon, \i i\.n\ forcinq us out ol this 
is to be attempted, wbich I i"loubt, however, 
because they do not wish the work injured, 
ami know that our provisions must soon give 
out when our fresh beef is stopped. There 
are two of these batteries on Cummings' 
point, each containing four mortars, and dis- 
tant cuie thousand four hundred yards, one at. 
or rather near, Kort Moultrie, one thousand 
eight hundred yards; one at Atount IMeasant, 
three thousand yards; one at Kort .Johnson,— 



a most extraordinary afl'air, at least eighth-en 
feet high, — abinit twii thousami one hundred 
yards distant. Beside these, tlve eobnnbiads 
nave apparently been arranged at Cummings' 
point, titr tlring'at high angles, the embrasures 
in front having been permanently tilled with 
sand bags; ten eolumbiads at Fori .Moultrie 
can ad<i a shell lire. .Some thirt>' ()r thirty- 
tive implements lor amusing us with shells are 
lliought, bv them, to be able to driv<' us out- 

About all our guns, unfortunali'ly, are in 
barbette- If these coidd havi-been put in the 
second tier we might laugh at shells; but un- 
luckily a large auKnint ot cement was stopped 
in fharleslou, and it could notbiMlonc. Thfir 
guns are e.\cceiii ugly widl protected, the "ev- 
erlasting nigger" having been put to work 
with a will, and mountains ot sand have been 
piled in defensive posiliinis. The channels 
into the harbor are too strong for any thing 
but a grand attack ; and all these guns, which 
are in barbette, ho\ve\er, are protected Irom 
our tire by very heavy traverses. So that my 
jlhin won'lil be", in i-ase tire is oiiencil upon us, 
to do just what they arc striving most to avoid 
— injury to the fort"; and more iiarticularly as 
we can not do much damage otherwise. 1 
should systematically blow up, Ilist, the i|uar- 
ters. tor which we shall hav(! no use; seeimd, 
the tirsl tier of arches, wlu-re\-er it could bo 
spared, ami the barbctti', wlu-re unused ; then 
prepare mines tor the remaiiuUa- of the scarp 
wall, and let that slide at the last extremity. 

They have refused to allow some thirty-odil 
workmen to Icav*' the toi-l ; every body but 
olljcers will be kept here until surrender or 
evacuation results. I agree with you perlectly 
as to a short policy; but it is very tale for it to 
be of much ettect. " The .Southern Contedcrai-y 
has already aenuircd great consisteiu-y ami 
no Utile .sl'rengt li ; four months ago and the 
whole thing ndghl have been nipped in the 
buil. . . . I think it as lilci'ly as not that wo 
may be sent directly to Kort' Pickens, alter 
beiiig reinforced with rn-rnils—{\\w fellows 
who have iie\-er tired a gun in tlicir li\'i's. We 
are all lireil and worn. .Siunc few men are 
very ill from bronchial ilisease contracted 
here, and / require a eliange very soon, though 
generally passably wi^ll, on account of uiy 
throat. ... 

.\ few days longer and our fate will be de- 
cideii; after that, perhaps the deluge. Kver, 
etc., etc. 



The Washington correspondent of the 
Xew York 7'ovf makes the following 
important statement : — 

" I get a very important fact this 
morning from a high military source, 
and which bears directly on tiiis point. 
It is stated that there were not lialls 
enough in Sumter to sustain a continu- 
ous cannonade of ten hours. I'owder 
tliere was in large i|uautities, but the 
su)il)ly of balN was extremely limited. 
If this is a truthful statement, it shows 
why Anderson surrendered so e;irly, — 
why he ceased firing before he surren- 
dered." 

The Hartford Thms has a letter from 
Charleston, d:iled the 1-Jlh iirst., from 
which we take the fidlowiiig: — 

"The liouibardmeut of Fiut Sumter 
commenced at luilf-past four this morn- 
ing, anil has now continued about 
twelve hours. The firing from the fort 
is slow, but regular, — principally from 
the lower casemate guns. M.ajor .Vnder- 
son tried one or two of bis b.irhette 
guns, but the shell was too much for 
liim, and he has gone down into his 
lower story, where lie is iiounding away 
at a great rate. Our iron battery on 
Morris island is a perfect safeguard, 
thus far, to the men: for, Ihougji they 
are under a fierce fire, not one has been 
injured up to this time. The (lo:iting 
battery, also, is standing well, and is 
doiuK hard work. 



20 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



" Anilcrson did not fire for nearly two 
hours :ifter he was fired upon, and ttien 
his (!S-pounders roared out like hurt 
lions."' 



Public Feeling and Movements In 
Neiv York. 

Th(> New York Express of last cven- 
ina; says : — 

•• The excitement in the city on the 
suhjeet of tlie war is more intense to- 
day than iK'retofore. The fight at Sum- 
ter and tlie Pi-esidenfs proelaniation 
are the universal topies of conversation. 
JIardly any other questions are dis- 
cussed. The ea};er desire for further 
));irticulars is everywhere manifested, 
and every detail furnished by tlie news- 
pai)ers is read with the greatest avidity. 

" Between 9 and 10 o'clock, the na- 
tional and municipal flags were hoisted 
on the city hall. By 11 o'clock flags 
were flying all up and down Broadway, 
winch liad (]uite a gala aiijiearance. In- 
(juiries at the cily hall disclosed the fact 
thai the (iovernorhad telegraphed from 
Alli:.ny to the Police Commissioners, 
requesting that the national flag should 
he displayed from all the public build- 
ings lo-ilay. 

" ^Mililiaincn are in a state of excite- 
ment, and no doubt a great many well- 
drilled meuil)ers of our city regiments 
will volunteer to serve in the thirty 
regiments to be raised by the state of 
New York, to march at the call of the 
President. (Jeneral Sanford went to 
Albany in the express train, on Sunday 
night, to consult with the Conunander- 
in-chicf. and will probably issue a gen- 
eral order in reganl to the enlistments 
immediately on Ids return. 

'•A jiarty of men met at 618 Broadway, 
on Satin'ilay night, and took preliminary 
stejis to form an infantry l)attalion for 
duty during the war. William AVilsou 
was elected colonel, with i)Ower to ap- 
]i()int tiidd- and stall-oflicers, and quite a 
number of jirivates signed the roll. 
Mr. Wilson thinks that he can raise 
eight hundred men in a short time. 

'' .\ company of zouav<'S has recently 
been formed in this city, as the nucleus 
of a regiment, to be a part of the First 
division. The members are determined 
to make it the chea]iest, and at the same 
time the most perfect corps of this city. 
Tliev ai-i' under tlie <-oiniuanil of ('apt. 
Walters W . McChesney, late of the 
Chicago Zouaves, and their printed 
]irospectus says: 'We hope to earn, at 
no distant day, a name of which we can 
be |)roud.' 

''About four hundred members of the 
Sixty-nitilh regiment, Colonel Corcoran, 
conmiander, crossed to Brooklyn on 
Sunday, anil drilled in Held exercises in 
the oulsliirts. They were preparing for 
duty in case their services should be re- 
(piired, and it was understood that they 
had either oli'ered, or were about to 
otl'er, their services to the general gov- 
ermnent. 

•'Tlie recruiting oflices are all crowded 
to-day. Orders were received from 
Washington to fill up the ratdis of the 
army as soon as possible, and the re- 



cruits are coming in thick and fast. At 
the Cherry-street rendezvous the throng 
of applicants is very great to-day, and 
the olflcers are as busj' as possible, mak- 
ing the necessary examinations. The 
eagerness to enlist is almost unprece- 
dented. 

" At an early hour on Saturday fresh 
energy was visihb- all through the yard. 
Extra hands were put to work on the 
Wahnsli, Perry, and .savannah. 

" The Wabash is going ahead with 
astonishing rapidity. Men were kept 
working on her all night on Friday and 
a jiart of Saturday, getting in coal and 
filling her hold with such necessaries as 
could possibly be crammed in her in her 
present state. Captain Ganesvoort is 
hastily finishing the battery, which will 
be in fighting order by Saturday. 

"The S'{vinuiiih, too, has been hurried. 
During the heavy rain on Saturday not 
a bauuner was missing, nor a caulker 
al)sent. Every (me was kept at his 
post. The battery of this shiji has just 
been decided on, and is to be exactly as 
we describ(>d it. She will be ready for 
commission in even a shorter time than 
we expected. 

"The Perry is finished. Painting 
couunenced on Saturday; her guns are 
on board; her decks, planks, and rig- 
ging almost jierfect. She needs now 
only the ornamental part of her equip- 
ment. There are three vessels at the 
Brooklyn navy yard ordered for sea. 

"The ship's 'company of the North 
Caraliiia have been restricted to their 
vessel. The general liberty is stopped. 
All hands are to remain on board, ex- 
ceiit s])ecial ex<-eptions are made by the 
commandant. Recruits are daily pour- 
ing in from the Cherry-street rendez- 
vous, and they, too, are to be retained. 
These measures indicate an immediate 
call for sailors.'' 

From the Commercial Advertiser : — 

" A rumor has been prevalent this 
morning that the services of the Sixtj'- 
niiitli regiment, commanded by Col. 
Michael Corcoran, have been tendered 
to the Southern Confederacy. This ru- 
mor was based upon the fact that the 
colonel has recently been the recipient 
of a in'csent from Charlestonians, con- 
se(|uen( u|)(m his refusing to parade on 
the reception of the Prince of Wales. 
This morning. Brigadier-general Ewen, 
to whose lirigade the regiment lielongs, 
ex|)ressed liis astonishment at such a, 
re[)ort, and stated that he woidd trust 
the regimi'iit w ith any duty required of 
soldiers. I.ientenant-eolonel Nugent, 
acting coiuiiianilant of the regiment, 
said that when his regiment is called 
upon to perform any i4"'y- ■' '*^'" '"' '» 
support of the I'ldted States, and in de- 
fence of the star and strijies, all nnnors 
to the contrary notwithstamling. This 
regiment was the oidy one considered to 
be in any way in sympathy with the 
Secessionists, but the candid statement 
of the commander jiuts all doubts on 
this scfire ,at, rest. 

"The noticeal)le feature at the navj' 
yard this morning was the assembling 
of quite a nuud)er of young men, but 
recently discharged from tlie service, 



who signified their intention to reship 
to defend the flag under which they 
once served. Judging from the spirit 
exhibited by the parties in question, 
there will be little difficulty in manning 
the government vessels as fast as they 
are ready for the service, notwithstand- 
ing the apprehension expressed by an 
ofhcer of the yard that it was doubtful 
if the Wabash could obtain her comple- 
ment of men upon being jilaced in com- 
mission. 

"It is intimated that among the officers 
of the yard there are some from the 
South who are indisposed to place them- 
selves in hostile array against their 
friends in that section, and a few resig- 
nations are looked for in that quarter. 
A patriotic spirit, however, prevails 
generally with the ofticers, and those 
who object to bearing arms against the 
South, will not w ithdraw themselves to 
turn their services against the stars and 
strijies ; the defection in the corps of 
oflicers, what little there is, leads to a 
neutiality on the part of a few individu- 
als, and can not be considered as em- 
barrassing to the government ov encour- 
aging to the traitors at the South. 
Nine hundred men are now employed 
in the yard. 

" An intense feeling pervades the city 
to-day, in consequence of the character 
of the news from the South, and the 
timely proclamation of the President. 
Thousands of citizens who a short time 
ago were loud in their sympathies for 
the Rebels, do not hesitate to denounce 
the traitors, and the journals here and 
elsewhere that have prompted them to 
rebellion. 

" There are of course more symjia- 
thizers with the Rebels about the 
Mayor's office than any other dejiart- 
meut, but even these are beginning to 
.see the propriety of keeping cpiiet. So 
far as a municipal movement to make 
New Y(n-k a free city is concerned, the 
Mayor could do little toward effecting 
any such mischief without the co-opera- 
tion of the Common Council, and that 
body, with two or three exceptions, 
favor no such movement." 



Meetmg of New "york Merchants. 

T'he Commercial Advertiser gives the 
annexed report of a meeting of the 
merchants of New York yesterday after- 
noon, for the patriotic purpose of devis- 
ing means to strengthen the hands of 
the government in its contest with the 
Rebels: — 

" At half-past two o'clock this after- 
noon a large assembly of merchants 
took place, at tlie ottice of Simeon Dra- 
per, Esq., ,'10 Pine street, to take into 
consideration the existing difficulties, 
and to make arrangements for a grand 
mass-meeting, in support of the Cnited 
States government. 

" .\ resolution was offered by Jlr. 
Dniiier, requesting the Governor to 
transmit a message to tlie legislature, 
desiring that body to make an addi- 
tional ajipropriation to jdacc the militia 
on a war footing, to a number not less 
than twenty-five thousand men. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



21 



" Some discussion arose as to the 
amount, Mr. S. B. Hunt advocating 
$2,500,000. The amount, however, was 
left to the discretion of the Executive, 
to be named by liim, and the resolution 
amended so as to provide for the equip- 
ment of the State militia. 

"A resolution instructing the secretary 
to telegraph the resolution to Albany 
was carried, and immediately obeyed. 
The meeting then adjourned." 

Tlie Evi-ninq Post says : — 

" We hear that five hundred members 
of our Seventh regiment ( National 
Guard) have signed a paper offering 
their services to the government, and 
that the document is still circulating for 
signatures among the regiment. 

" The National Guard is true to the 
Union. It will give a good account of 
itself." 



Enthusiastic Military Spirit in Phil- 
adelphia — Rush of Volunteers. 

The Press of the l.ith inst. chronicles 
the following movements in military 
circles, by which it will bo seen that 
the patriotic spirit runs high in Phila- 
delphia : — 

"On Saturday the following notice 
appeared in different parts of the city : 
'Volunteers! Volunteers! Volunteers! 
Young men desirous of rallying round 
the standard of the Union, and willing 
to maintain its time-honored folds un- 
sullied over the ramparts of Fort Sum- 
ter, will enroll themselves innnediately 
in the new volunteer light artillery regi- 
ment, now ni|)idly filling up, and ready 
to march upon the receipt of orders from 
the Governor. Muster rolls open every 
day .and evening, at Military hall. Third 
street, near Green." 

"Saturday evening Military hall was 
the scene of excitement. Captain Brady 
was on hand with his nuister roll, to 
which was appended the following 
pledge : ' We agree to serve in this or 
any other military capacity conducive 
to the public interest, and to accept 
such bounty, jiay, rations, and clothing 
as is or may be established. And we sol- 
emnly swear that we \\ill bear true faith 
and allegiance to the United States of 
America, and that we will serve them 
honestly and faithfully against all their 
enemies whomsoever; and that we will 
observe and obey the orders of the Pres- 
ident of the United States, and the or- 
ders of the officers appointed over us, 
according to the regulations of the army 
and articles of war.' The nnistcr roll 
was being rapiiily filled, and Captain 
Brad}', who served in a New York regi- 
ment in Mexico, was active in the work 
of bringing up the men. 

" During the evening a meeting of 
the officers of the First regiment of the 
Washington brigade, organized for ser- 
vice in the present emergency of the 
national government, was held at the 
hall. General Small represented that 
in all probability the brigade would be 
soon called into service, as organized, 
and the cobjnelcy of the regiment lieiug 
vacant, a new election was, at the sug- 
gestion of Lieutenant-colo)iel Berry, en- 



tered into. On nomination of Lieuten- 
ant-colonel Berry, Lieutenant -colonel 
Rush Van Dyke was unanimously elect- 
ed colonel of the regiment. After the 
adjournment of the meeting the mem- 
bers of the companies present entered 
the room and were addressed by General 
Small in a patriotic speech. The utmost 
enthusiasm prevailed. 

" A meeting of the oflicei-s of the Sec- 
ond regiment was likewise held. The 
muster rolls of the companies were ou 
the taljle, and great anxiety was mani- 
fested to be the first to fill up vacant 
spaces. 'I'he register of officers was 
stated to be complete, with the excep- 
tion of two or three lieutenancies. The 
Germans have come up bravely, and the 
regiment is more complete than the First 
regiment, composed of Americans. The 
officers of the latter regiuu-nt say the 
rallies will be filled by We<lnes<lay, and 
Mr. r'aineron has accei)ted the service 
of the brigade, and expects them to be 
really at five days" notice. 

" The Montgomery Artillerists, at- 
tached to the Second brigade, have been 
actively engaged in recruiting men dur- 
ing the past few weeks, expressly with 
a view to being ready when calleil ujion 
by the government. Already one hund- 
red men have been enrolled, and it is 
contemplated to form a battalion, to be 
under the command of Major Harvey. 

"A company, to be called Co. F, of 
the First regiment of artillery. Third 
brigade, is in process of formation at 
the State arsenal. 

"Governor Curtin h«s received from 
the president of the Board of Philadel- 
phia Bank Presidents a tender of the 
entire sum of five hundred thousand 
dollars, voted by the state, in anticipa- 
tion of its being provided for otherwise. 

"The order to fit out the sloop-of-war 
Jamestown, at the Philadelphia navy 
yard, is being carried out with (iroinpti- 
tude. As many hands have been en- 
gaged as can be employed, and she will 
be ready in about a week. The Water 
Witrit has not yet sailed. Every thing 
is in readiness for her to go. The order 
to fit out the St. Liiiorinre has been is- 
sued. It will probably reach here to- 
day. Enlisting for the navy of seamen 
and ordinarj' seamen is now actively in 
progress."' 

The Press relates an incident which 
occurred at the Arch-street theatre on 
Satin-(lay night. A feverish audience at 
this place listened, with as much interest 
as could be expected, to Edwin Booth's 
rendition of the character of Kichclieu. 
There is a passage is this ])lay which had 
a local bearing, two weeks ago, relative 
to the policies of peace and war. Rich- 
elieu speaks as follows : — 

" Keuicmber my great maxim, 
First use all menus to conciliate—" 

Here the house was passive and un- 
afl'ected. Richelieu's confessor here in- 
terrupts with — 

" Failing in that? " 

Mr. Booth raised himself to the loftiest 
height, and pointing his finger to the 
breathless house, said: — 

'^ All means to crus^tf" 



The applause that followed knew no 
parallel during the evening. It was not 
the actor, but the sentiment, which pro- 
voked the applause. Another expres- 
sion in the play, — 

" Pnt away the sword, 
states m'ay be saved without iX," 

which is alumst invariably ai)plauded, 
was list<'Ued to with the utmost apathy." 

A Savannah dispatch of the l.">lh says 
that innueiise (piantities of mimitions of 
war are reaching that city. 

A Washington dispatch says an oflTer 
has b(^en made to the Treasury depart- 
ment at Montgomery to take the whole 
loan of the Confederate States, fifteen 
millions, at par, by ])arties in New Or- 
leans. Probably not a word of truth in 
the report. 

The Richmond Enquirer of Saturday- 
says : — 

" Nothing is more probable than that 
President Davis will soon march an 
army through North Carolina and Vir- 
ginia to Washington. Those of our vol- 
unteers who desire to join the Southern 
army, as it shall p;iss tbrongh our bor- 
ders, had better organize at once for the 
purpose, and keep their arms, accoutre- 
ments, uniforms, ammunition, and knap- 
sacks in constant readiness." 

The following advertisement appears 
conspicuously in Charleston papers: — 

AFl RST-CLASS, strongly-built clipper 
stciinier; slie must be fast, 'light draught, 
and ciipablc of being flttiMt out us a i)rivateer. 
Address " Sumter," through the poat-olfice. 

A Montgomery letter of the 9th inst. 
significantly remarks: — 

" / do not believe President Davis in- 
tends to give Mr. Lincoln the advantage 
whirh our opening the war would place 
in his hands, unless such action shall be- 
come a necessitij." 

The first movement of the South is 
thus confessedly a blunder. 

The report that Lieut. Reed Werden 
had been taken from Pensacola to Mont- 
gomery a prisoner of war, is incorrect, 
as that officer is attached to the steam 
frigate .Minnesota, now fitting out at 
Charlestown. There is probably a mis- 
take in the name. 



Military Movements in Boston. — 
Preparations for their Subsistence. 

The excitement in this city eouseipient 
upon the emergency which has arisen in 
our national atTairs, has been intensified 
to-day by the concentration of the troops 
from whom two regiments are to he se- 
lected and mustered into the service of 
the TTnited States for the defense of 
Washington. The sound of the drum 
and fife, and the movement of armed 
men through our stn^ets, has rcviveil a 
feeling which has not lieen manifested 
since the Mexican war. 

Had any thing been w.anting to con- 
vince the trooi)s wlio lutve hitherto 



22 



IXCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



trained for display, that tlie time for 
fair-weather soldiering is past, the driz- 
zling storm of rain and hail which has 
prevailed to-day would be sufflcient. 
Although the troops are expected to 
withsftmd all sorts of weather, it was 
not deemed prudent to expose them to 
storm upon the Common, where they 
were at first ordered to muster, and 
couriers were dispatched to the several 
railroad stations at which they were to 
arrive, with orders for them to proceed 
directly to Faneuil hall, where they will 
quarter during their stay in this city. 

The couimittee on public buildings, 
accompanied by Superintendent Xot- 
tage, opened the " Cradle of Liberty " 
to the troops, and preparations have 
been made to provide them with every 
comfort. In case the hall proves insuf- 
ficient to accommodate all the troops, a 
portion will quarter in the hall over the 
Fitchburg depot, and in Riddle's build- 
ing in Union street. The new overcoats 
belonging to the state were taken into 
Faneuil hall this forenoon, and will be 
distributed among the troops who are 
detailed for service. 

J. B. Smith, the well-known caterer, 
has been engaged to provide rations for 
the troops, which will be plain and sub- 
stantial. 

The first comi^anies which arrived in 
the city were from Marblehead, whence, 
in the time of the Revolution, the first 
troops marched to Cambridge, and 
where, in the AVar of 1812, were fitted 
out the first privateers. The order for 
the troops to march was received in 
Marblehead about 5 o'clock yesterday 
afternoon, causing great eonuuotion. 
There are three companies in the town, 
composed of mechanics and working- 
men, most of whom have families. 
Being thus suddenly called away, and 
their wives and chilren deprived, for 
a time at least, of their support, their 
situation enlistcnl the patriotic sjnnpa- 
tliies of the leading citizens of the town, 
w ho, with a promptness and magnanim- 
ity worthy of imitation, at once raised 
a fund to provide for thi'ir maintenance. 
The following individuals and firms con- 
tributed .«!100 each: T.T.Payne, Wil- 
liaui P^iybins, Wni. B. Brown, Benj. G. 
Hathaway, Potter & Gilbert, Joseph 
Harris & Sons, Joseph R. Bassett, AVil- 
liam Curtis, Henr}' F. Pitman; Francis 
Hooper, .$"200: and numerous other citi- 
zens various sums — making a total of 
.«ilitO0. An addition of .$1000 will be 
made to the fund. 



Speech of Hon. Charles Hale. 

The nest speaker was Hon. Charles 
Hale. He commenced by relating an 
appropriate anecdote, illustrating the fu- 
tility of speech at a crisis so important, 
when all were of the same mind and 
would utter the same sentiments. There 
was no one in the hall who could not 
make as good a speech as he. The time 
demands no particular words, but sim- 
ply to speak our minds by coining here 
on this occasion. Throughout the loyal 
Northern states the word is that we 
are determined that the Union shall be 
preserved. That is expressed by the 
mere fact that we have met in Faneuil 
hall so that is filled, and there are 
enough outside to fill it again and again. 
You understand as well as I that the 
cause in which we are engaged is not 
merely to preserve a nominal Union, but 
is the cause of free government and of 
liberty. You know as well as I do tliat 
in .South Carolina, where this infernal 
treason was first hatched, the people 
never are allowed to \ote for president 
or governor. The legislature kindly 
takes that trouble oft' their hands. They 
never had a Republican government, 
and if this treason continues to the con- 
sunnnation which its leadi'rs design, we 
shall have that government here, and 
we shall not have the privilege of ex- 
pressing our opinions at the polls as to 
who shall be governor or president. 
Jefi'. Davis has not been made President 
of the Southern Confederacy by any 
vote of the people, and the constitution 
of that Confederacy has never been rat- 
ified by the people. The struggle is a 
contest of the people of the United States 
against a little knot of disappointed pol- 
iticians. You have heard once to-night 
that if we fail in this struggle, liberty 
falls forever. That is true. But we 
will not fail. And why? Not merely 
that we have the greater numbers. We 
would scorn that. If we can not put 
one man against another; if one of such 
men as I see before me is not equal to 
two of the men of the South, tlicn we 
are in danger. We scorn to win because 
we are richer than they and all the 
money is on our side. We shall win be- 
cause ours is the cause of liberty and 
tlie peojile. 

Through the history of the woild 
downward, war after war has taken 
place. Jeft'. Davis is not the first traitor, 
nor the first would-be despot. He is not 
till' first man who, maddened by disap- 
pointment, has striven to overthrow the 
government which before he was the 
loudest to support. But this you will 
notice, that those have won who have 
adopted the cause of liberty and the 
people. And this is our cause here to- 
night, and that is why we will win. 
Not because we are stronger and richer; 
not because we ha^e a navy and they 
have none; l)ut because we are right. 
And as this world goes on we shall find 
in the end that Cod is upon the side of 
the i)e()ple, and the government of the 
('nited States will survive because it is 
the government of the people. [Ap- 
plause.] 



I said that I had no resolution. I am 
going to make a resolution. In 1833 
General Jackson was invited to a dinner 
to be held on the Sth of January, an an- 
niversary which will always be well 
remembered. The meeting was got up 
by Calhoun and some of the South Car- 
olina nullifiers, who hoped to gain some 
sort of consideration or regard for their 
treasonable designs by having him pres- 
ent. When he came down to breakfast, 
the morning of that day, he took three 
pieces of paper from his pocket and 
asked a friend which of the three toasts 
was the best. The friend replied, " This 
one." "'I think so, too," replied Jack- 
son ; and the other pieces were thrown 
away, while that one was put in his vest 
pocket. When he got to the dinner, and 
some time had been spent in discussing 
the material portion, as the reporters 
say, the nullifiers thought that a point 
had been gained. Here was their dinner 
lield under the shado\\- of the Capitol, 
and they had secured the presence of 
the President himself. Then Jackson 
rose and took from his pocket the little 
piece of paper, and that is the resolu- 
tion I wish to propose. He said : " I 
will give you a toast — The Federal 
Union : it must and shall be preserved.'' 
That was Jackson's toast, and it could 
not but be received by the whole assem- 
bl_v with apjjlause. It was re-echoed all 
over the country, and from that moment 
the doom of South Carolina secession 
was sealed for a generation. I am not 
another Jackson; but, standing here to- 
night in Faneuil hall before you, saying 
these words of Jackson, I will answer 
that there shall go forth from the '• Cra- 
dle of Liberty'' a second edition of 
Jackson's memorable words, which shall 
settle the fate of this infernal dogma of 
secession for all generations. I will 
now put this resolution : — 

Resolved^ By the people in Faneuil hall — 
The Federal Union : it must and shall be pre- 
served. 

As many as are in favor of that reso- 
lution will say aye. [A tremendous 
shout of " aye."] It is a vote. [Ap- 
plause.] 

The Mustering. 

Yesterday was a strange day for our 
city. These streets were never trodden 
tiefore by armed men summoned to the 
dread ordeal of civil war — by the flower 
of our own young men, called suddenly 
from the varied avocations of peace to 
resist the bayonets of those who have 
been, and still ought to be, their breth- 
ren, but who are leagued to overthrow 
the government under which we have 
all so marvelously flourished. Children 
will grow into white-haired patriarchs 
and not forget this occasion, but will 
hand its reminiscences down as the most 
vivid of those engraved u|)ou their 
minds. 

Of course, deep emotions and thoughts 
unknown before were felt yestei-day bj' 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



23 



many in the throngs of spectators who 
cheered the soldiers as they passed 
along. But one grand feeling possessed 
our masses and subdued into unison 
with it all reflections, ideas, and hopes 
— the feeling of an aroused, determined 
patriotism. We never saw any thing like 
it. Oui- accounts show, in the magnan- 
imous efforts and donations on every 
hand, something of this spirit ; but, to 
catch any thing like its full import, it is 
necessary to mingle among all classes of 
GUI' people. And, what is better, this 
feeling is rising steadily with the emer- 
gency. It is the revival of the old Croni- 
wellian and Bunker-hill spirit — and it 
will wear like steel, and shine as it 
wears. 

So it is all over the North. " We must 
settle this matter now forever," is the 
remark everywhere heard. The aggres- 
sion which has bullied and pushed us 
for years, and which has already an- 
nounced at the cannon's mouth the 
threat of its chief, to make us " smell 
Southern powder and taste Southern 
steel," must be put a stop to. We are 
no longer safe beneath its sway, and we 
will have no more of it. It is the very 
demand of peace and prosperity that we 
now rise in our might and crush — crush 
forever — audacious treason. — [ Boston 
Journal, Wednesday, April 17. 



The 19th of April. 



To-day is the 19th of April, ever mem- 
orable on the pages of history. Eighty- 
six jears ago this morning a handful of 
patriots laid down their lives on the 
lawn at Lexington in defense of what 
was dearer to them — their liberty ! By 
their patriotism and self-sacrifice they 
inaugurated a course of events which 
gave this people a phue among the na- 
tions, established constitutional free- 
dom, and republican law. Beneath the 
benign influence of the charter which 
was given to the world through their 
instrumentality we have increased from 
three to thirty millions of people. That 
instrument has given us peace at home 
and remarkable exemption from attacks 
of foreign foes. To the emblem of its 
authority, the stars and stripes, our cit- 
izens, at home or abroad, among civil- 
ized nations or in foreign lands, have 
never appealed for protection in vain. 
It has been at once a blessing and a de- 
fense. The world has felt only its power 
for good, never for evil. All nations 



have felt its regenerating and vivify- 
ing influence. It has always been a 
pillar of fire by night and a cloud 
by day, leading the human race to- 
ward the promise of a transcendent 
future. 

But on this anniversary day we behold 
conspirators, who have enjoyed the 
highest honors and noblest blessings 
of the charter bequeathed to us by our 
fathers, with a reckless daring — with a 
madness unparalleled — taking up arms 
to subvert and destroy the government. 
Let us not lose sight of the issue. It is 
their avowed purpose to annihilate the 
great principle of republican law, and 
make self-government a failure. For 
this day they have stolen forts, arsenals, 
ships, dock-yards, mints, bullion, and 
public funds, violated their solemn 
oaths, perjured themselves before God 
and man, inaugurated war, and threaten 
to let loose freebooters and pirates to 
prey upon the property of loyal citi- 
zens. They have taken the oflensive. 
They make aggressions only. They fire 
upon ships, beleaguer forts, refuse evac- 
uations, demand humiliating surrenders, 
threaten with official bombast and brag- 
gadocio to conquer and subjugate those 
who love the dear blood-bought blessing 
bequeathed b}' their fathers. Their pro- 
posed government is of the sword and 
bayonet of the few over the voiceless 
many. On the other hand, it is the aim 
of the government of the United States 
to uphold and perpetuate the constitu- 
tion — to defend what remains, recover 
what has been lost — to restore things as 
they were. 

As the founders of the constitution 
were justified and blessed of God, so 
before the Arbiter of all destiny the 
government of the United States — the 
people. — will bejustified in using all their 
tremendous power, till every Secession- 
ist is wiped from the face of the earth, 
if need be, in defending the government 
of the country. Let us look the matter 
squarely in the face, for God has laid 
the responsibility upon us. This day we 
have a work to do, and all the future 
ages will hold us accountable for its 
right performance. We are to make no 
war of conquest or subjugation, but we 
are to uphold and defend. If the con- 
stitution is worth preserving, let there 
be no half-way work on the part of the 
people. We are to deal with the con- 
spirators as we do with the midnight 
robber. Let the laws, in their purity, 
equity, and righteousness, be enforced 



with a strong arm, with shot and shell, 
with the bayonet and sword, wherever 
conspirators and pirates are leagued 
against it. This is the voice of the peo- 
ple to-tlay. The outburst of patriotism 
which has already been exhibited is 
worthy of the descendants of those 
sires, who, in the gray morning light of 
the 19th of April, 1775, died for their 
country. Let the remembrance of their 
dying devotion thi-ill our hearts to-day 
to stand to the last by the constitu- 
tion, and hand it to our posterity un- 
impaired. 

We span one of the cycles of political 
progress. On the 19th of April, 1775, 
the patriots of Massachusetts made a 
stand in behalf of the principles of civil 
and religious liberty, against the en- 
croaching despotism of their rulers — 
to-day their sons are marching to the 
rescue of the same principles, against 
the lawless outbreak of internal con- 
spirators. They resisted ruin in the 
shape of tyranny — we resist it in the 
shape of anarchy. They sacrificed blood 
and treasure to erect the fair fabric of 
constitutional liberty, and we must save 
it from crumbling to pieces, with a like 
spirit of devotion. Will the sons prove 
equal to their fathers? With the glori- 
ous omens all around us, we will not, we 
can not, doubt it. 

Nor will we yield to oiu" fathers in the 
attributes of humanity. With heart- 
rending pangs did they prepare to strike 
against their misguided kinsmen, com- 
ing from their always -acknowledged 
"home." We have seen a manuscript 
letter written immediately after the out- 
break of hostilities in the KevoUitionary 
war. In wlilch the indignant writer even 
then sympathized with the people of 
England for being so cruelly misled by 
a corrupt ministry. With more acute- 
ness do we regret that the descendants 
of those who stood by us in that trying 
day have now been deceived by shame- 
less demagogues into a conspiracy to 
undo the great work of our conunon an- 
cestry. But we can not stop, any more 
than did the patriots of 1775, to ask icAo 
our enemies are — it is enough that their 
fell designs must be defeated. It is for 
their gooii as well as ours. We do bat- 
tle for a common government — for 
thirty-four states and all they hold — 
and He who has set His seal upon the 
eighty-six years of expanding glory 
which this anniversary marks, will 
surely prosper ' His work. — [Boston 
Journal. 



24 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Palmetto Flag Torn Up. 

About 11 vestertlay forenoon, a crowd 
which liad sathcrcd :it Fancuil hall to 
witness the arrival of the troops, learned 
that a vessel at Gray's wharf was the 
barque ManhnUan of Savannah, display- 
ing a Palmetto flag. A delegation of 
several hundred at once started to learn 
the facts in the case. 

They found the vessel lying ofl', and 
not at the wharf, so they were not able 
to board her and pay tlieir resjiects to 
her commander, flailing the captain, 
however, thev demanded that he should 
haul down the obnoxious flag which was 
flying at his niastliead. 

"The captain at first blustered, and 
threatened to shoot any one who dared 
Interfere with the Palmetto bunting; 
but the crowd evincing a determination 
to board his vessel in boats and enforce 
their request, lie discreetly smothered 
his wrath, and hauled down the rebel- 
lious ensign. The triumidiant crowd 
next demanded that the American flag 
should be hoisted, and the captain re- 
luctantlv ran up the stars and stripes. 

Their'next move was to get possession 
of the Palmetto flag, which they com- 
pelled the captain to send ashore on a 
rope. Some police ofticers who were on 
hand got hold of it for the purpose of 
taking care of it, when the crowd seized 
the obnoxious bunting and at once tore 
it into tatters. The crowd was com- 
posed largely of adopted citizens. 

In regard "to the above afl'air, we are 
requested bv Captain Davis, who com- 
mands the Manhallan and is chief owner, 
to say that he intended no disloyalty to 
the Federal government by showing the 
obnoxious flag, that he was wholly ig- 
norant of the' state of feeling here in 
regard to national affairs, and furtlier- 
more that the flag in question was only 
the private signal of the vessel. Having 
sailed from Savannah before the out- 
break at Charleston, he was of course 
not posted in respect to the state of the 
country. Captain Davis is a citizen of 
Boston", and says he owns fealty alone 
to the Federal govermnent. 

The flag was a white flag, having on 
it the emblem of a rattlesnake, with the 
motto underneath, " Do n't tread on me," 
and fifteen stars. 



TllK patriotic mercliants in Pearl street 
flung two mannnolh Cnited States flags 
to the breeze yesterday, and tliere were 
lively times in'the street. The windows, 
door's, and sidewalks were tlironged 
Willi people, and cheer upon cheer rent 
tlie air when tlie bunting apjieared. 

'SU;. Hkn'kv IIoyt threw out a neat 
American flag from Ids well-known de- 
pository in Cornhill. In other jiarts of 
the city, also, private individuals have 
displayed the American flag. 

When Colonel Hipley stejiped ashore 
from the ]'rrsia at New York, a gentle- 
inan from this city said to him : '• 'idur 
country needs you." " It can have me," 
responded tlie" gallant soldier, "and 
every drop of blood in me.'' That "s 
the right talk.— [Springfield Kepublican. 



Our Military Ready for Duty. 

The call for two regiments of troops 
from Massachusetts being known in 
this city yesterday afternoon, and it be- 
coming' known at" a later hour that the 
Sixth regiment was one of those from 
the troops to be selected, tire armories 
of tlie Lowell companies were crowded 
last evening by the meml)ers and out- 
siders, many of" the latter anxious to en- 
list. About fifty or sixty members were 
adiled to tlie rolls of the several compa- 
nies last evening and this morning. 
Colonel Jones of 'this (Sixth) regiment 
was present and made a speech to eacli 
company, to the eftect that when their 
country' called for their services all per- 
sonal considerations should be forgot- 
ten, and they should respond with a zeal 
becoming true soldiers. He said tliat 
tlie Mayor had called upon him and re- 
quested him to say that if there were 
any who liad families dependent upon 
them for support, the city would pro- 
vide for them as tlie families of soldiers. 
This was received with applause. He 
also said that the state would provide 
them with overcoats, knajisacks, liaver- 
sacks, etc., and cautioned them to pro- 
vide tliemselves with flannels. Many of 
the men were t)usy all night in making 
preparations, and "at an early hour tliis 
morning the city was astir with meiii- 
bers of the difl'erent companies. Crowds 
lined the passageway to the difl'erent 
armories and the sidewalks on Market 
street. 

Many citizens came forward with lib- 
eral offers of money, clothing, and otlier 
necessaries to furnisli those who were 
ill provided, but we can not give iu<ii- 
vidual instances to-day, tliough we hear 
of many instances worthy of being rc- 
coriled." The morning opened with a 
rain storm, making the atmospliere as 
gloomy as the miiids of our citizens at 
seeing so many young men go fortii 
from oiu- midst. 

The Acton Comtany. — Tlie prompt- 
ness with which the Davis Guards of 
Acton responded to tlie call made upon 
tlieni is worthy of all praise. The com- 
mander did no't get his orders until past 
six o'clock on Monday evening (we hear 
that he was in this city at the time), but 
promptly set to work" to get his com- 
pany together. During the night, the 
privates were notified, although living 
in seven diflerent towns, and were ready 
to inarch in the morning. Tlie company 
passed our oflice about S o'clock the next 
morning, having come from Acton (a 
distance of fifteen miles ) during the 
morning, and were reiiorled to Colonel 
.Fones, and ready to march at his com- 
mand. The D.-ivis Guards were named 
in honor of the first victim in the strag- 
gle tor freedom oi our country at Con- 
cord. 

About 9 o'cloc'k the companies be- 
longing to the regiment out of the city 
arriv<'d, and the whole regiment congre- 
gateil in Huntington hall. The follow- 
ing comprise the officers of the regiment 
and companies, with the number of men 
reported in the ranks to-day: — 



Sixth Regiment Infantuy. — Colo- 
nel, Edward F. Jones, Lowell ; lieuten- 
ant-colonel, Walter Shattuck, Groton; 
major, Benjamin F. Watson, Lawrence; 
adjutaut. Alpha B. Farr, Lowell: quar- 
termaster, James Munroe, Cambridge; 
paymaster, Rufus L. Plaisted, Lowell; 
surgeon, Norman Smith, Groton ; chap- 
lain, Charles Balibidge, Pepperell. 

Co. A (National Greys), Lowell.— 
Captain, Josiah A. Sawtell. Commis- 
sioned officers, 3 ; privates, 29. 

Co. B (Groton Artillery), Groton.— 
Captain, Eusebius S. Clark, Groton. 
Commissioned officers, 3; privates, 27. 
Co. C (Meclianic Phalanx), Lowell.— 
Captain, Albert S. FoUausbee. Com- 
missioned officers, 4; privates, 32. 

Co. D (City Guards), Lowell. — Cap- 
tain, James W. Hart. Lowell. Commis- 
sioned officers, 4 ; privates, 42. 

Co. E (Davis Guards), Acton. — Cap- 
tain, Daniel Tuttle, Acton. Commis- 
sioned officers, 5; privates, 31. 

Co. F (Warren Light Guard), Law"- 
renee. — Captain, Benjamin F. Chad- 
bourne, Lawrence. Commissioned offi- 
cers, 5 ; privates, 49 ; musicians, 2. 

Co. H (Watson Light Guard), Lowell. 
— First lieutenant, John F. Xoyes, Lo\v- 
ell, commanding. Commissioned offi- 
cers, 2; privates, 49. 

Co. I (Lawrence Light Infantry), Law- 
rence.— Captain, John Pickering, Law;- 
rence. Commissioned officers, 5; pri- 
vates, 4(i; musii'ian, 1. 

Tlie Lowell Brigade band, George 
Brooks, leader, also accompanies the 
regiment to Boston. At 10 o'clock, by 
invitation of the Mayor, a large number 
of our citizens met at his oflice, and 
from there went to Huntington hall, 
where the troops were assembled. Colo- 
nel Jones ordered the troops to be 
drawn up in solid ci>lumn in front of the 
speaker's stand, and the doors were 
opened for the crowd who rapitUy filled 
the hall. 

Colonel Jones introduced Mayor Sar- 
geant to the audience, wlio was received 
with loud cheers. Rev. Dr. Blanchard 
read the Eightieth psalm, and ofl'ered a 
fervent prayer. 

Mayor Sargeant then came forward 
and 'addressed those present. He re- 
marked that for three-quarters of a cen- 
tury they liad been accustomed to see 
the" citiz"en soldiery parade in peace, 
ready, however, for any emergency. 
To-d'ay they are called into active ser- 
vice, and lie was glad to see them here 
with full ranks. "The soldiers present 
had the good wishes of every citizen. 
[Cheers.] Seventy-five years ago our 
fathers established this government. It 
is your duty to defend the institutions 
wliirh Ihcy 'founded and to see that they 
are maint"ained. For his i)art, he was 
willing to trust the question in the haniis 
of those thai he saw before him, know- 
ing that tliey would do llieir \\ hole duly. 
Hfs remarks w ere frequently applauded. 
A. K. Brown, Esq., was the next 
speaker. He said that there could be 
hut one course for a loyal ])eople to take 
at the present time, and that was loyalty 
and Fnion. [Cheers.] Tliere should be 
no divided sentiment on the questions of 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



25 



the day. He was lu favor of siuking all 
party distinctions. He had full confi- 
dence that the soldiers before him would 
do their whole dutj-, in defense of the 
flag of our countr}-, the constitution, 
and the liberties which our forefathers 
fought to secure. He woulil give them 
one word of parting advice. Spare 
property, spare families, spare the de- 
fenseless, tor you are citizen-soldiers. 
But when you find an enemy of your 
country and the constitution, smite him 
like a Samson. Be temperate antl be 
careful of yourselves, for your couutry 
needs your services and can not spare 
you. ile trusted that they woidd return 
with victory perched upon their ban- 
ners. 

T. H. Sweetser, Esq., was introdiu'ed, 
and said, we feel that we are right, that 
you are right, that you leave no traitor 
behind. Believe that God is on your 
side. And in conclusion he would wish 
them Godspeed and that success miglit 
attend their efforts. 

('apt. Peter Haggerty regretted tliat 
he was not of their number; that he 
was not one to receive the proud liom- 
age that had been paid theuj this daj'. 
A year ago he was sailing up the Chesa- 
peake and landed at IJaltimore. He 
heard the band playing ''Hail, Colum- 
bia," which did not cause the enthusi- 
asm which that tune should; but, on 
leaving that city, the band played " Yan- 
kee Doodle,'" and all were enthusiastic. 
He wished them success in their mis- 
sion. His remarks were received with 
great favor. 

Hon. Linus Child next addressed the 
assembly. A crisis had arrived in ttie 
liistory of the couutry which must l)e 
met, and he was glad to witness a noble 
response. Tlieir reliance should be on 
the God of armies. You are going forth 
to <lefend the laws, liberties, and the 
constitution of your country. The 
prayers of those you leave behind will 
attend you. Remember that you go from 
Middlesex county — from the county in 
which stands Bunker hill, and which 
contains the fields of Concord and Lex- 
ington. [Enthusiastic applause.] You 
go forth to defend tlie flag of your coun- 
try, and the benediction of all will be 
with you. 

Col. F. G. S.awtell said that he had no 
speech to make, for this was a day for 
action. Your couutry calls for your ser- 
vices, aud if you need aid, call upon us, 
and we will aid you. 

Hon. Tappan Weutworth said that he 
had witnessed a scene somewhat similar 
to this in the War of 1812, b\it he never 
expected to live to see the soldiery called 
upon to protect their couutry from in- 
ternal foes. You live uniler a free gov- 
ernment, and he would call upon them 
to protect it. Remember that the flag 
of your coimtry was first iinfvirled in 
this county, and protect it. When you 
return you will be received with honors 
such as you may deserve. 

The exercises closed with a benedic- 
tion by Rev. Dr. Blauchard, after which 
( 'olonel Jones took command of the regi- 
ment, and the spectators retired. Cheers 
were given b^' the citizens for the Sixth 



regiment and Colonel Jones, and by the 
soldiers for the citizens of Lowell and 
others. The occasion was one of great 
and solemn interest to all present, nearly 
all of whom were parting with relatives 
or friends. 

At a quarter before \i o'clock, tlie 
whole regiment took an extra train for 
BosKm, where they will await further 
orders. They carry with them the 
wishes of the whole couununity for 
tlieir health and i>rosperity, and an ar- 
dent wish that they may soon return 
with unbroken ranks, and honors re- 
sulting from talcing part in tlie peaceful 
settlement of the great question which 
now agitates the coimtry and fills every 
patriotic citizen with alarm. — [Lowell 
Courier. 

An Honorable Act. 

Mayor Sargent this morning received 
a letter containing a check for $100 from 
.Judge Crosby, desiring that it ndght be 
forwarded to Pay-master Plaisted, of 
Colonel Jones" regiment, to be by him 
<listributed among the soldiers who. 
from the suddenness of their departure, 
were unable to properly prepare them- 
selves for the new service into which 
they have been called. The contribu- 
tion is a generous one, and is indeed 
well applied. We take the liberty of 
publishing His Honor's letter to the 
Mayor : — 

Lowell, April ts, issi. 

Mr. it/ai/or, — Soutliern treason lias ;it last 
culnitnatetl in seizing Foit Sumter, and we 
have nt) choice left but to meet the traitors 
wherever they niay present themselves, 
itunior lias become fact. <)ur men have- been 
called, and have left us. Jlore will uiuieubt 
edly soon follow. They have left at the tap 
of the drum, without wavering and without 
preparation; they have left liomes without 
shutting their do"ors, friends without adieus, 
and their hammers on their benches. We 
must comfort those friends and prevent loss 
in their business. We who stay at home can 
well afford to do all this for them, and make 
our sacrifices in money and care for our coun- 
try, our constitution, and laws. The burden 
of this struggle must rest upon every man's 
shoulders in some form. I am willing to meet 
my full share of it. 

Let us have a large committee of men and 
women, to he called the Nightingale Banil, 
who shall gather and distribute funds to the 
families of soldiers who need, and furnish 
paymasters of our regiments witli money and 
such sui)plies for the sick an<l wounded in 
camp, as rations and medicine-chests can not 
bestow. As some of our men may at once 
need such friends in camp, — a new ex])0sure 
and life to them, — please accept my first 
contribution, jind send it to Lieutenant Plais- 
ted, pay-master of Colonel Jones' regiment, 
for the last-named purpose. 

Yours very truly, N. CROSBY. 



Another Generous Act. 

This moruiug Capt. Ebeu James, of 
the Butler Rifles, received a complimen- 
tary note from .Tames G. Carney, Esq., 
enclosing a check for ii'M, to aid the 
compauy in preparing for service. Cap- 
tain James sends a uote to us, acknuwl- 
edghig tlie check, and says "the Butler 
Itifles will answer it from the streets of 
Baltimore or the plains of southern Mis- 
sissippi, when traitors shall hide their 
heads for shame aud Secessionists shall 
be uuudiered among the things that 
were."" 



The Right Spirit. 
There liaviug been some consideral)!e 
talk relative to the immediate fcuniatiou 
of a vohmteer company, to go at once 
in service, if required, some of our citi- 
zens are ready to encourage the move- 
ment by liberal contributions toward 
outfit, etc. We understand that George 
F. Richardson, Esq., proposes that, as 
soon as the requisite mnnber for a full 
company has been secured (sixty-four), 
he will give his check for $100, and will 
also use his influence to raise .$100, to be 
put at the company's disposal. We have 
no doubt the last-named sum would be 
contributed without delay. Who will 
start the volunteer company':' 



Military Immili \i Mn. 



AKIIIVAL, OF TROOPS. 



Enthusiastic Reception. 

PREPARATIONS FOR THEIR SUBSISTENCE. 



rhe excitement in tliis city consequent 
upon the emergenc}' which has arisen in 
our national affairs, has been intensified 
to-day by the concentration of the troo]»s 
from whom two regiments are to be se- 
lected and mustered into the service of 
the United States for the defense of 
Washington. The sound of the drmu 
and fife, and the movement of armed 
men through our streets, have revived a 
feeling which has not been manifested 
since the Mexican war. 

Had any thing been wanting to con- 
vince the troops who have hitherto 
trained for display, that the time for 
fair-weather soldiering is past, the driz- 
zling storm of rain and hail which has 
prevailed to-day would be sutficient. 
Although the troops are expected to 
withstand all sorts of weather, it was 
not deemed prudent to expose them to 
storm upon the Common, where they 
were at first ordered to muster, and 
couriers were dispatched to the several 
railroad stations at which they were to 
arrive, with orders for them to proceed 
directly to Faneuil hall, where they will 
quarter during their stay in this city. 

The coniunttee on public buildings, 
accompanied by Superintendent Not- 
tage, opened the "Cradle of Lilierty'' 
to the troops, and preparatious have 
been made to provide them with every 
comfort. In case the hall proves insuf- 
ficient to accommodate all the trooiis, a 
p(U'tiou will quarter in the hall over the 
Fitcliburg depot, and in Kiddle's build- 
ing in I'nion street. The new overcoats 
helouging to the state were taken into 
Fiineuil hall this forenoon, and will lie 



26 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



<li!^tributecl among the troops who arc 
detailed for service. 

.1. 15. Smith, the well-liiiowu caterer, 
has been engaged to provide rations for 
the troops, which will be plain and sub- 
stantial. 

AKKIVAL OF MILITARY. 

The announcenii'nt that the troops on 
their arrival would proceed directly to 
Faneuil hall, instead of the Common, 
drew a great crowd around the doors of 
the liall, which was kept up during the 
entire day. The crowd cheered the com- 
panies heartily upon their arrival. 

Arrivals by tlie Eastern Road. 

The first companies which arrived in 
the citv were from Marblchead, whence, 
in the 'time of the Revolution, the first 
troops marched to Cambridge, and 
where, in the War of 1812, were fitted 
out the first privateers. Tlie order for 
tlie troops to march was received iu 
^larblehead about n o'clock yesterday 
afternoon, causing great commotion. 
There are three companies iu the town, 
composed of mechanics and working- 
men, most of whom have families. 
Being thus suddenly called away, and 
their wives and children dei)rived, for 
a time at least, of their support, their 
situation enlisted the jiatriotic sympa- 
thies of the leading citizens of the town, 
who, with a iirouijitness and magnanim- 
ity worthy of imitation, at once raised 
a "fund to provide for their maintenance. 
The following individuals and firms con- 
tributed $100 each : T. T. Payne, Wil- 
liam Faybins, Wni. B. Brown, BenJ. G. 
Ilathaw.-iv, Potter & (Gilbert, Joseph 
Hnrris &" Sons, Joseph 1!. Bassett, Wil- 
liam Curtis, Henry F. Pitman; Francis 
Iloopi-r, §'20l); and' numerous other citi- 
zens various sums — making a total of 
.$1000. An .addition of $1000 will be 
made to the fund. 

The companies which arrived at 10 
o'clock were the Glover Light Guard 
(Co. H), Capt. Francis Boardman, 20 
o-uns; ami tlie Sutton Light Infantry 
(Co. C), Capt. Knott V. Martin, 40 guns. 
.Vn immense assemblage filled thedei>ot, 
and greeted them upon their arrival 
with enthusiastic cheers. The troops 
proceeded lo Faneuil hall, followed by a 
concourse of peojde, and as they marched 
they were welcomed with cheers and 
approving shouts from the people along 
lli<> route. 

The third arrival was that of Co. B, 
of >Iarblehea(l, Capt. IMchard Phillijis, 
with :!" guns; and the next company 
was Co. D, of i;aiid(dph, 40 guns, at- 
taclied to the Fourlli regiment. Colonel 
l*aekard. 

The Lynn Light Infantry, Captain 
Newell, the Lvnn City (Juard, Captain 
Hudson, and t'h(^ Bev<'rly Light Infan- 
try, Captain I'orler, arrived viallie Kast- 
ern railroad at noon, and marched di- 
rectly to Faneuil hall. The comi)anies 
were" in full ranks, and as they left I he 
depot were greeted with cheer upon 
cheer, which eouliimeil along the streets 
to the hall. The lailies also encouraged 
the soldiers by waving their handker- 
chieLs from their windows. 



Arrival at the Old Colony Depot. 

At the depot of the Old Colony rail- 
road there was a large crowd to witness 
the expected arrival of troojjs in answer 
to the call of the Governor. 

The first eomi)any to arrive was Co. 
D, Fourth regiment, located in Ran- 
dolph. They left Randolph at 9 yes- 
terday moriiing, r<'aching this city at 
quart'er before 10. They number 32 
guns, and are under the command of 
Capt. William Warren, of Ptandolph. 

A messenger from the office of the 
adjutant-general was stationed here to 
loc'ik after the comjianies, and they were 
at once directed to Faneuil hall, where 
a large portion of the troops are to be 
quartered. 

'I'here were no further arrivals over 
this road until just before 12 o'clock, 
when the train from Plymouth, due at 
11, arrived. On this train were Cos. A, 
B, and H, of the T'hird regiment, and 
Cos. C, E, and 11, of the Fourth, num- 
bering in all 204 muskets. 

Of the Third regnnent — Co. A, of 
Halifax, 40 guns, commanded by Capt. 
Joseiih S. Harlow, of Middleborough. 
The captain of this company deserves 
much credit for his patriotic conduct, 
and the exertion he made to have his 
command in the field at the earliest mo- 
ment. His orders were not received 
until yesterday morning, and the mem- 
bers (it his company were widely scat- 
tered, living in seven different towns. 
By a free use of horses, however, he 
succeeded iu notifying nearly all of 
them, and thev were among the first to 
arrive, with al'l their uniforms full. 

Co. B, of Plymouth, with 20 guns, 
was uuder the command of Lieut, ('has. 
C. Doten, the captain, J. W. Colling- 
wood, having resigned. Great excite- 
ment i>revailed in T'lvmouth when the 
coinpanv left, at lialf-'past !) o'clock. A 
procession of citizens, marshaled by 
Major Bates, high sheriff of the county, 
and headed by the Plymouth band, who 
generimsly volunteered their services, 
accompanied them to the depot, and a 
stirring speech was made by Robert B. 
Hall, Es(i., formerly member of Con- 
o-ress. They were saluted with repeated 
cheers as they left the depot, and the 
enthusiasm was unbounded. 

Co. H, of Plymouth, came with .10 
guns, under the command of Capt. Ezra 
White. 

Co. C, of Braintree, .38 guns, com- 
manded by C.'.pt. C. C. Bumpus, arrived 
about noon. 

A meeting was held at the armory of 
this eonqianv on Monday, which was 
crowdeil with citizens and sokliers. 
Patriotic speeches were made by several 
gentlemen, and no thought of " backing 
down" was mentioned. The patriotic 
sentiment of Kraintree is strong, and 
there was much rivalry as to who should 
tak(> a uniform, of which there were l)ut 
half enough to supjily the demand. 
Captain Bumi>us is well known as a for- 
mer member of the legislature, and also 
of the constitutional convention, and 
his men are ready to follow where dut y 
calls. 



Co. E, of Abington, under the com- 
mand of Capt. Chas. F. Allen, mustered 
46 guns, and made a fine appearance. 

Co. II, of Quincy, bore 30 guns, and 
were commanded by Capt. Tliaddeus H. 
Newcomb. 

Much enthusiasm was evidenced at all 
the different towns on the route, and on 
their arrival the troops were greeted 
with long-continued and hearty cheers. 

At 1 o'clock the New Bedford Guard, 
Co. L, of the Third regiment, arrived at 
the Old Colony depot, mustering 3.5 
guns, uuder the'command of Capt. Tini- 
othv Ingraham. They were accom- 
panied by the New Bedford brass band, 
Israel Siliith, leader, who volunteered to 
do escort duty to this city, but returned 
last evening. 

Great excitement prevailed in New- 
Bedford, previous to the departure of 
the coinpanv, and they were addressed 
from the steps of the city hall, by ex- 
Governor Clifford, iu a stirring and 
patriotic speech. Many volunteers are 
offering in that city, and some will join 
the company in Boston to-day. 

Arrivals at the Lowell Depot. 

The Sixth regiment of infantry. Col. 
Edward F. Jones commanding, at- 
tached to Brigadier- general Butler's 
brigade, arrived at 1 o'clock. The regi- 
ment mustered at Lowell at 9 o'clock 
yesterday morning, .after only twelve 
hours' notice. The regiment was scat- 
tered throughout Middlesex and a part 
of Essex counties, and the extremes of 
the command were forty miles apart, 
yet, with this great disadvantage, out of 
4.50 men composing the regiment, 407 re- 
ported for dutj^ 

The D.avis Guards, Capt. Daniel Tut- 
tle, of Acton, left that town at an early 
hour on the march for Lowell, to join 
the Sixth regiment. Colonel Jones, 
which arrived in this city at about 1 
o'clock. 

The Lowell companies assembled in 
Huntington hall about 9 :30 o'clock yes- 
terday morning, where was also gath- 
ered "a very large crowd of ladies and 
friends, wlio with many tears bade tliem 
"Godspeed" and "good-bye." Mayor 
Sargeant made theiii a brief speech, as- 
suring the families of the soldiers to 
fear nothing, for the city fathers would 
see that they wanted for nothing during 
the absence of their fathers, brothers, 
sons, and swi-ethearts. "'I'he whole 
world," said the Mayor, " w itli the ex- 
ception of seven states, is on their side, 
and God will protect them and you."' 

Upon the arrival of the train bringing 
the regiment, the depot was densely 
packed with people, who were com- 
pelled to retire, to make room for the 
troops. The regimental line was formed, 
and the troops marched out of the depot 
amid the wildest enthusiasm of the mul- 
titude. Their apiiearance commanded 
universal applause, which culminated 
as the regiment entered Faneuil -hall 
square. 

Thousands of men were assembled 
.around Faneuil hall, from the windows 
of which the troops already arrived 
sent forth shouts of hearty welcome to 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



27 



their brethreu-iu-arms, which were min- 
gled with the clieers of the multituUe. 

The Reception of the Troops, and Other 

Matters. 

At each of the depots at which the 
troops arrived there were crowds in 
waiting, who greeted them with the 
most hearty cheers, and as the troops 
moved to their quarters the spectators 
lined the sidewalks and kept up a con- 
tinual cheering during the march. The 
rain fell in torrents during the entire 
day, and the streets wi-re in a verj- bad 
condition, but this tlid not seem to 
dampen the ardor and enthusiasm of 
the scene. 

It had been contemplated to quarter 
all the troops iu Faneuil hall, but subse- 
quent events have changed this plan, 
■and at 11 o'clock orders were sent to 
quarter the Third regiment, most of 
whom came on the Old Colony road, iu 
the hall over the dejiot on Kneeland 
street, which was accordingly cleared 
for that jnirpose, and all the companies 
of that regiment will take up their quar- 
ters there. 

Colonel Jones' regiment, the Sixth, 
were taken to the armory of the Second 
battalion, whicli was promptly tendered 
for their accommodation. 

The greatest excitement prevailed iu 
Lynn, Monday night, upon the reception 
of the military orders. The Lynn Light 
Infantry and the City Guard muster full 
ranks. Aliout .iiilUOO were voluntarily 
paid to the two companies Monday even- 
ing, to which .$200 were added yesterday 
morning. 

Brigadier-major Clark of the Second 
brigade, accompanied by Gen. S. W. 
Peirce, went through tlie district iu 
which that conmiand is located, Monday 
night, notifying the respective com- 
panies of the orders issued at head- 
quarters. In Freetown and some other 
places the people were called out by the 
ringing of bells. 



ARRIVAL OF MORE TROOPS. 

Enthusiastic Receptions. 



A Miscellaneous Foreman Gone to 
the War. 

A person called upon Colonel Jones, 
of Lowell, just before the Sixth regi- 
ment started, with a very urgent request 
that a man in his regiment, who was 
his foreman, should be excused, as he 
could not spare him. Mr. Babbidge, 
chaplain of the regiment, who stood 
near by and heard the conversation, 
stepped up to the man and said : " Sir, 
I am foreman of a religious society iu 
mj- town, I am foreman of a nice farm, 
I am foreman of a family, and I am go- 
ing with the regiment." The man left 
without his foreman. 



The Volunteers to be Received at 
NeTW Haven. 

Xew Haven, April 17. The New 
Haven Grays, Captain Osborn, will 
l)arade with a band to-night, on the 
arrival of the Boston train with Massa- 
chusetts volunteers, and will salute 
them with field-pieces. 

The Grays have oflered their services 
to government. 



WHERE THE TROOPS WERE QUARTERED, 



Two More Regiments to 
be Called Out. 



THE SIXTH KKGlniENT TO BE SKNT 
TO FORT MONROE. 



Meeting of Foreign-Born Citizens, 



They Prove Loyal and True. 



Through the entire day, yesterday, our 
streets were kept in a state of excite- 
ment by the arrival and marching to 
and fro of the troops which were ordered 
to assemble here, in compliance with the 
requisition of the President of the I'nited 
.States. An account of the conijianies 
whicli arrived during the foreuoou was 
given in our editions of last evening. 
\\'e continue the account below, as fol- 
lows : — 

Early in the afternoon three additional 
companies of the Fourth regiment ar- 
rived. They were Co. A, of Canton, com- 
manded by Capt. John Hall, with 82 
guns; C;o. I?, of Easton, Capt. Miln M. 
Williams, Jr., 24 guns; Co. F, of Fox- 
borough, Capt. B. I>. Shepard, 2S guns, 
and fifteen more on their way. 

At 1 : 30 o'clock a detachment of thirty 
men from Co. A, Eighth regiment, mider 
the command of Lieut. A. W. Bartlett, 
of Xewburyport, arrived, and reported 
that twenty-tive more would come in a 
later train. Great enthusiasm was man- 
ifested at the departure of the conqmny 
from New bury port, and they were ac- 
conqianied to the depot by thousands of 
people, who cheered them heartily. 

Co. G, of the Third regiment (Free- 
town), Capt. .Johu Marble, 25 guns, 
arrived at the Old Colony depot at 
7 o'clock, and were quartered with the 
remainder of that regiment in the hall 
over the depot. 

Lieut. Lucien L. Perkins, with three 
other lieutenants aud three privates of 
Co. II, Third regiment (Plympton), also 
arrived yesterday afternoon, aud will 
proba!)ly be joined by the rest of the 
company to-tlay. 

Doings at Fanenil Hall. 

The constant arrival and dei>arture of 
men, the unloading of fretiueut wagons 
laden with mattresses, blankets, over- 
coats, and other supplies necessary for 
so large a body of troops, created umcli 
confusion, and the men on guard at the 
several doors found their task no liglit 
one, to fulfill the orders to allow' none of 
the men to leave without authority from 
the commander. The men, generally, 
were quiet and peaceable, and did nuich 



credit to themselves by their orderly 
conduct. 

During the afternoon, the captains of 
some of the companies exercised their 
men in drill, and the comi)any from 
Braintree, under Cajjtain Bunq^us, were 
loudly applauded by tlio spectators for 
the perfection and readiness of their 
movements. 

The troops were provided with all that 
a military man could wish for — com- 
fortable overcoats and blankets, good 
shelter, and a bountiful commissariat. 

The men are in excellent health, and 
cheerful, as was ai)i)art'nt from the blithe 
songs tliey sung an<lthe general hilarity 
which [irevailed. (iovcrniu- Andrew vis- 
ited the hall in iiersou, and conversed 
with the troo])s, enconragiug them by 
his counsel, and .-ittending i)ersonally to 
supplying their wants. 

Sixteen Ijales, containing two thousand 
woolen blankets, w<'re didivered at the 
hall aud dislributcd among the men, 
each one of whom was supplied wilh a 
new army overcoal aud haversack. 

Mattresses sufficient to furnish one to 
each man were brought in from the State 
arseual at Cambridge, and distributed at 
the several rendez.vous. 

The troops who (piarten^d at Faueuil 
hall last night were the 'I'hird and Flighth 
regiments. 

At the Hall of the Old Colony Depot. 

It having been found that the accom- 
modations at Faneuil hall would be in- 
sufficient for the whole body of the 
troojis. the Third regiment was ordered 
to take up their ijuarters at the large 
hall over the Old C'olony depot on Knee- 
land street. 

The companies from Halifax and Ply- 
mouth, numbering in all sixty men, at 
once took up their quarters there and 
remained din-ing the day. They are all 
in good spirits, aud no restraint lias been 
put upon them, hut most of them have 
remained about the depot. Some passed 
their time in reading the papers, to learn 
the latest news from the seat of war, 
and others were writing letters to their 
friends, from whom they were so sud- 
denly parted. The messages that were 
forgotten iu the hurry of departure, the 
thoughts of love which the unknown 
future kindles more warmly, — all were 
IH'uned in the few lines that will tie reail 
with so much iuterst and all'ectiou. 

Others of a musical turn were singing 
favorite melodies, or cleaning their arms 
and accoutrements, which were stained 
by travel and the rough weather; but all 
were joyous and hapjiy, full of zeal and 
ardor for the sacred cause of our country. 

The sudden irnqttion of so large a 
body of men into the city as that now' 
gathered here, caused some delay in jiro- 
viding the needed supjilies. The coiu- 
p.anies at this ])lace received no supplies, 
either of food or bedding, until a o'clock : 
but by the exerlions of the adjutanl- 
geueral, a large supi>ly of bread aud 
meat was then brought in, and the men 
fell to with a will. Orders had been 
given, however, that if supplies were 
not received, the men should be sent 
across the street to the United Stales 



28 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



botrl for their suppers, so tliat there 
would have tieon no sufteriug from that 
source. 

At the Second Batlalion Armory. 

All hivitation was extended to Colonel 
Jones, of the Sixth regiment, and Cap- 
tain Ingrahani, of the New Bedford 
City (iuards, to quarter in the armory of 
the" Second hattalion, at Boylston hall, 
which ofl'er was gratefully accejited, and 
about 4 o'clock the troops left Faneuil 
hall and marched to their rendezvous. 
Their progress up State and Washington 
streets was an uninterrupted ovation. 
Thousands of people lined the way ou 
either side, their umbrellas forming an 
unbroken canopy along the entire route. 
The troops made a nol)le and imposing- 
appearance, which elicited the applause 
of all wlio saw them. Their (juarters 
at the armory are ample and comfortable, 
and as they are relieved from doing 
guard duty l)y the voluntary services of 
a detaclimenl of privates from Co. A. 
Second battalion, their stay in tliis city 
will be comparatively ])leasant. 

The Medical Department. 

At the request of the governor, T>rs. 
Wm. J. Dale and Geo. H. Lyman have 
consented to make thi- necessary provi- 
sions for the medical departments of the 
two regiments. Packages of dressings 
suUicient to su|)ply the two regiments 
two months have been prepared. The 
medical chests will be in readiness to- 
day. 

All day yesterday wagons were em- 
])loyed in transporting tlie needed food 
and equipments to Ihe various points in 
the city where troojis are located, and 
many boxes of clotliiiig and su]i])lies 
were de])osit('d in Ibe basement of Ibc 
Stale house. 

The State arsenal at (Cambridge was 
also called on, and (hu'ing last, night 
some twenty -five ibonsand ball car- 
tridges were brought to the State house, 
with several hundreil muskets, to be in 
readiness when the decisive momi'iit 
shall arrive. All the movements are 
conducted with energy, and sIkiw a 
strong purpose on the ])art of the Ex- 
ecutive. 

The H.niUzvoiis al NlRllt. 

The excitement which always attends 
the novelty of a situation such as this 
emergency has given rise to, lu'evelifed 
much sleeji at the rendezvous Last night. 
At, a late hour but few had attempted to 
obtain that rest which is so necessary, 
bill were whiliug the night away by 
cheerful conversation and singing. At 
the armory of tlii' Second battalion, the 
scene was ])articularly liv(dy, and all 
present were enjoying themselves hugely. 
The tboughl lit bis country, and the 
imminent |ieril in which she is placed, 
thrilleil thi^ heart of every man with that 
high res(dve and dauntless sjiirit which 
is the earnest of success; and in what- 
ever peril or danger they may be placed, 
none that have seen them can fear but 
that every Massachusetts man will do 
liis dulv. 



AT THE STATE HOU.SE. 

More Troops to l>e MuHteretl into tlie Ser- 
vice of the Federal Government.— Colo- 
nel Jones' Kegimeiit to be Sent to Fort 
Monroe. 

Yesterday afternoon an order ^as re- 
ceived from the Secretary of War for 
one regiment of six hundred and fifty 
men, to be sent to Fort Monroe, Old 
Point Comfort, Va., immediately. The 
Governor and his military counsellors 
forthwith held a consultation, and de- 
termined to order the Sixth regiment, 
Col. E. F. Jones, upon that duty. Colo- 
nel Jones' regiment will accordingly be 
filled up by drafts from the Fourth and 
Eighth regiments, and will be sent by 
steam-shi]) to the above-named fort as 
early as arrangements can be made. 
The order for the regiments to be mus- 
tered at Washington still holds good, 
and to supply this requisition, it will be 
necessary to call out two more regiments 
to-day. The Fifth and Seventh are 
spoken of as likely to be first called 
upon. Up to a late hour last night, it 
was not definitely settled wh.at steamer 
would lie chartered to convey the troops 
to Fort Monroe, but it was reported that 
they would embark at (5 o'clock this 
morning. Neither was it known with 
certainty what companies in the 'J'hird 
and Eighth regiments will be transferred 
to the Sixth, to complete the required 
quota. — [Boston Journal. 



Departure of the Sixth Regiment. — 
Speech by Governor Andreiw. 

Yesterday afternoon ( April 17th ), 
the Sixth regiment. Col. Edward F. 
Jones, was drawn up in line on Beacon 
street, before the State house, to receive 
the farewell of the Commander-in-chief, 
who was also to present the col(U's of 
the corps. When General Butler came 
out to arrange some preliminaries with 
the C'olonel, he was received with hearty 
cheers by the crowd. Governor An- 
drew soon after appeared, accompanied 
by bis staff, several counsellors, and 
other gentlemen. He addressed the 
corps substantially as follows: — 

'"il/r. ('omiimiKli'r, — As tin- official rep- 
resentative of the old Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, I bid you farewell — you 
and your glorious command, :is they are 
about to de]iart upon the |ierformanee 
<d' one of the most iiatriotie and most 
sacred of ])ublic duties. As citizen- 
soldiers, summoned at your country's 
call from the (juiet avocations of ))eace, 
you have assuuied the duties of solenm, 
of loyal, of victorious war, in behalf of 
that country, in support of her glory, 
of the right of her people, and of the 
purity of that starry fiag, which has 
swe)it the seas and swe))t the land al- 
w.'iys in triumph; always bearing for- 
ward Ihe cause of the (leople, their 
rights, their honor, and their freedom. 
[Great applause.] ^■ou, sir, and your 
cfimuiaiul, citizen-soldiers of Massachu- 
setts, whom you lead, to him who stands 
by my sidi — [General JUiller, for whom 
thre<' cheers were given] — chosen many 
tf mi's by the soldiers, now of his brigade, 
then (if his regiment, to lead them in the 



more peaceful parades which distinguish 
the citizen-soldier in time of peace, and 
mustered at last under the command of 
that (dd hero of a hundred tights, Win- 
fleld Scott [three cheers], whom God 
has spared to this day, that before he 
tasted death he might lead the victorious 
to the ultimate safety and the ultimate 
glory of the American people, that the 
American Union may be established as 
firm .-ind secure as the immovable hills. 
[Api)lause.] You are to repair to the 
city of Washington, there to defend the 
foundation stones and the topmost pin- 
nacle of that temple of liberty, erected 
under the eye of him who gave his name 
to the city, and also has been called, by 
all the generations of men from his own 
time, and will be, until the last hour of 
his country's history, 'The Father of his 
Country." At Washingt<ni, or whereso- 
ever duty may call, there you will go. 
Soliliers summoned suddenly, with but 
a moment for ])repaiation, we ha^e done 
all that lay in the power of men to do, — 
all that rested in the power of your state 
government to do to prejiare the citizen- 
soldiers of Massachusetts for this ser- 
vice. We shall f(dlow you with our ben- 
edictions, our benefactions, and our 
prayers. Those whom you leave behind 
you we shall cherish in our heart of 
hearts. Y'ou carry with you our utmost 
faith and confidence. We know that 
you will never returu until you can 
bring the assurances that the utmost 
duty has been performed, which brave 
and patriotic men can accomplish. 
[(Jheers.] This flag, sir [ presentino- 
the colors of the regiment to Colonel 
Jones ], take and bear with you. It 
will be an emblem on which all e.vcs 
will rest, reminding you always of that 
which you are bound to ludd most dear.'' 
[Appla'use.] 

Colonel Jones spoke with much feel- 
ing. He said : " Your Excellency, you 
have given to me this flag, which is the 
emblem of all that stands before you. 
It represents my whole command ; and 
so help me God I will never disgrace 
it." [Cheers.] 

The flag was then handed to the c(dor 
guard, the line was again foi'med, and 
shortly afterward the regiment inarched 
down Beacon, through Tremont and 
Court streets, and up Washington street 
to their quarters. They were enthusi- 
astically cheered upon ail hands as they 
passed through the streets. 

The regiment took dinner at the 
armory of the Second battalion, Boyls- 
ton hall, and after spending an hour or 
two in soci.-il intercourse, t(^ok up the 
line of inarch at 6 o'clock f(U' the Wor- 
cester dei)ot. 

For some time previous a large crowd 
of peoi)le had been gathered around the 
depot, and as the regiment approached, 
headed by the Lowell Brass band, which 
will ac<'omi)any them to Washington, 
the enthusiasm was unbounded. Hand- 
kerchiefs were waved by fair hands 
from the windows alfuig the route, from 
the United States hot(d. and from sur- 
rounding houses, while cheers upon 
cheers rent the air. 

Brigadier-general Butler, unattended 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



29 



save by a single start" officer, had entered 
the depot a few moments before to take 
a final leave of Colonel Jones, and give 
his last orders. 

The regiment filed into the depot, 
where an extra train of sixteen cars had 
been provided for their conveyance. 
Considerable delay was had in filling 
the cars, but at 7: 15 o'clock, i". m., all 
was ready, and the long train moved 
slowly out of the depot, amid the 
cheers of the crowd and the answering 
shouts of the troops. 

There was a large number of ladies 
in the depot, many of whom had come 
to bid adieu to a relative or friend, and 
one had entered the ears to accompany 
as far as possible the fortunes of her 
husband. Mauj* of them had parted 
from home and friends almost withoift 
a moment's warning, but all were full 
of energy and spirit, and shouted, 
'•Victory will be ours," as they started 
otf on their journey. 

They will pi'oceed direct to New 
York, which they will reach in the 
morning, passing Worcester at o'clock. 
After breakfasting in New York, they 
will proceed direct to Washington. 

The following is a list of the officers 
of the regiment, and the number of 
gnus : — 

Colonel — Edward F. Jones, of Lowell. 
Lieutenant - colonel — Walter Shattuck, 

of Grotou. 
Major — Benjamin F. Watson, of Law- 
rence. 
Adjutant — Alpha B. Farr, of Lowell. 
Quartermaster — James Monroe, of Cam- 
bridge. 
Pay -master — Kufus L. Plaisted, of 

Lowell. 
Surgeon — Norman Smith, of Groton. 
Chaplain — Charles Babbidge, of Pep- 

perell. 
Co. A (Lowell) — Captain, Josiah A. 

Sawtell ; 49 guns. 
Co. B (Groton) — Captain, Eusebius S. 

Clark; 27 guns. 
Co. C ( Lowell ) — Captain, Albert S. 

Follansbee ; 'Ai guns. 
Co. D (Lowell) — Captain, James W. 

Hart ; 4.') guns. 
Co. E (Acton) — Captain, Daniel Tut- 

tle; 31 guns. 
Co. F (Lawrence) — Captain, Benjamin 

F. Chadbourne; 49 guns. 
Co. G ( Lawrence ) — Captain, John 

Pickering; 46 guns. 
Co. H (Lowell) — Captain, Jonathan 

Ladd ; 52 guns. 

To these have been added : — 
Co. B ( Worcester City Guard ), Third 

battalion of infantry; 77 guns. 
Co. C, Second regiment ( Boston ) — 

Captain, W. S. Sampson; 60 guns. 
Co. C, Seventh regiment (Stoneham) — 

Captain, John H. Dike ; 50 guns. 

These numbers are those with which 
the companies came to Boston. Ke- 
cruits have been brought into several 
of the companies, so that the number of 
men, exclusive of officers, commissioned 
and warrant, is six hundred and fifty. 
They are now to be divided into ten 
companies. 



Acknon'ledf^iiieuts to Second Battalion. 

The attentions shown the Sixth regi- 
ment by the Second battalion of infan- 
try during their stay in the city, were 
of the most generous character, and 
elicited the hearty acknowledgments of 
both officers and men. 



Statistics of the Sixth Regiment. 

Keturns from the Sixth regiment 
show that it is composed of 176 mar- 
ried men and 427 single. Co. A (Na- 
tional Grays), of Lowell, has 29 married 
to 31 single. All but 149 of the regi- 
ment follow mechanical occupations. 
Of the 149, 30 are from Acton and 27 
from Grotou, and most of tlios<' are 
farmers. In the Stoneham comjiany of 
67 men, 51 were shoe-makers, and 2 cur- 
riers. In one of the Lawrence compa- 
nies, of 42 men, 23 were employed in 
factories. The Worcester company has 
15 machinists and 5 cari)enters. The 
Boston company (Captain Sampson's), 
14 machinists, 9 carjienters, anil 5 ])rin- 
ters. There are six lawyers in the regi- 
ment, two or three law students, one 
sailor, and two gentlemen. 



General Butler. 



After assisting in the embarkation of 
the Sixth regmient, General Butler 
came home again in a special train last 
evening, and left again for Boston tliis 
morning. He starts for Washington 
this afternoon, and be met in Worcester 
by his aids, Maj. W. H. Clemence, and 
Capt. Peter Haggerty, of this city. We 
also learn William O. Fiske goes as pri- 
vate secretarv with General Butler. 



Farewrell to the Fourth Regiment. 

The Fourth regiment, Colonel Pack- 
ard, was drawn up before the State 
house shortly before 7 o'clock, v. M., to 
receive a farewell from the Commancler- 
in-chief. 

Address of the Governor. 

Governor Andrew addressed tlie sol- 
diers substantial!}' as follows: — 

"• Mr. Commander, — I regard with in- 
ex|)ressible feeling the presence of this 
noiile command of yours, from the 
ancient colony of Plymouth. You have 
come from the side of the sounding sea, 
where repose the ashes of the Pilgrims; 
you are bound upon a high and noble 
pilgrimage for liberty, for the Union, 
and the constitution of your country. 
Soldiers! Citizens! .Sons of sires who 
never disgraced their flag, in civil life or 
on the tented field, who died to serve 
their country, with the full faitli of 
honest and patriotic hearts, I bid you 
Godspeed ! 

" F"rom the bottom of my heart, and 
in the name of the old Bay State, whose 
unworthy representative I am, I bid 
you Godspeed, — and fare you well." 
[Cheers.] 

Colonel Packard's Response. 

" Your Excellency,^! am scarcely 
able to spe.ak. All I can say is, we will 
endeavor to do our dutv." 



The Governor, — "I know you will en- 
deavor, and I know. Colonel, vol" will 

SUCCEED." 

The regiment then took up the line of 
march down Beacon street, and were 
greeted with cheers upon every hantl as 
they passed. 

They proceeded directly to the depot 
of the Old Colony railroad, which they 
reached at 7:30 o'clock, when they at 
once entered an extra train whicli had 
been provided for their conveyance to 
Fall Kiver, where they will take the 
steamer State of Maine, and proceed to 
Fort Monroe, at Norfolk, Va., to which 
place tliey are ordered. 

The depot was surrounded and filled 
by a large and enthusiastic crowd of 
peoiile, wlio cheered most heartily as 
the regiment entered tlie depot, and 
when the train started from it. The re- 
sponse from the troops was loud and 
prolonged until the cars had i)assed from 
sight. The following is tlie list of com- 
panies and officers: — 

Colonel — Abner B. Packard, of Quincy. 
Lieutentant-eolonel — Hawkes Fearing, 

Jr., of Hingham. 
Major — Hiram C. Alden, of Randolph. 
Adjutant — Horace O. Whittemore, of 

Braintree. 
Quartermaster — Othniel Gilniore, of 

Raynham. 
Pay-master — Wm. S. Glover, of Quincy. 
Surgeon — Henrj- M. .Saville, of Quincy. 
Surgeon's Mate — William D. Atkinson, 

Jr., of Boston. 
Co. A (Canton) — Captain, John Hall ; 

32 guns. 
Co. B (Easton) — Captain, M. M. Will- 
iams; 24 guns. 
Co. C ( Braintree )— Captain, C. C. 

Bumpus ; 38 guns. 
Co. D ( Kandolph ) — Captain, Horace 

Niles ; 32 guns. 
Co. E ( Abington ) — Ca])tain. Charles 

F. Allen ; 46 ginis. 
Co. F (Foxboro") — Captain, David L. 

Shepard ; 35 guns. 
Co. G (Taunton) — Captain, Timothy 

(iordou ; 50 guns. 
Co. H ((^»uiucy) — Captain, T. II. New- 
comb ; 30 guns. 
Co. f (Hingham) — Lieut. Luther Ste- 

phensou, Jr., conmiandiug; 42 guns. 
Whole number of guns, 329. 



Embarkation of the Third Regiment. 

The Tliird regiment. Colonel W:ir- 
drop, for the purposes of this campaign 
now commencing, has, in consequence 
of the terms of the requisition from 
Washington, been consolidated with the 
Fourth regiment, Colonel Packard. But 
as the two regiments reached Fort 5Ion- 
roe by dift'erent routes, they each go out 
under the command of their respective 
officers. At the fort. Colonel Wardro]> 
will be displaced by the seniority of 
Colonel Packard, who is ordered to as- 
sume the command of the consolidated 
regiment. The regiment received orders 
yesterday afternoon to embark on board 
the steamer S. R. Spanldinei, of the Bos- 
ton, Norfolk, and Baltimore Steam-ship 
line, which sailed last evening for Nor- 



30 



INCIDENTS OF THE CH'IL WAR. 



folk, Va. She is commanilod by Ca])t. 
Roland Howes, a sou of Cape Cod. 

Before the regiiiieut left the liall, 
seeoud Lieut. Austin G. (.'ushman, of 
the New Bedford City Cuard, received a 
])reseut of a Hue silveV-uiouutiMi revolver 
from liis brotlier, Rev. Charles M. Cush- 
uian, whieh was aekuo\vledo:ed in a per- 
tinent speech. 

After the company had formed in the 
regimeutal line on South street, the 
same gentleman presented anotlier simi- 
lar revolver to Capt. Timothy Ingraham, 
of the same conipanv. 

They left the hall at 6 o'clock, and 
marched to the State house, and after a 
delay for consultation with the higlier 
authorities, proceeded to the wharf. 

The following is a list of companies 
and officers : — 
Colonel — David W. Wardroi), of New 

Bedford. 
Lieutenant-colonel — Charles R^iymond, 

of Plymouth. 
Major — John H. Jennings, of New Bed- 
ford. 
Adjutant — Richard A. Pierce, of New 

Bedford. 
Pay-master — Sanforil Almv, of New 

■ Beilford. 
Surgeon — Alexander S. Holmes, of New 

Bedford. 
Surgeon's Mate — Jolinson Clark, of 

New Bedford. 
Chaplain — Thomas E. St. John, of New 

Bedforil. 
Co. A (Halifax) — Captain, Joseph S. 

Harlow; 40 guns. 
Co. B (Plymouth) — Lieutenant, Charles 

C. Doten ; 04 guns. 
Co. G (Freetown) — Captain, John \V. 

Marble ; 2.") guns. 
Co. H (Plympton) — Lieutenant, Lucien 

L. Perkins; .58 guns. 
Co. K (Carver) — Captain, William S. 

McFarlin ; 20 guns. 
Co. Tj (New Bcdfiird) — Captain, Timo- 
thy Iiigraliam; 58 guns. 
To this has lieen added the new Cam- 
bridge company, C, of the Seventh regi- 
ment ; captain, J. P. Richardson ; 90 
guns. 

Whole numlier of guns, '.V.y.^. 

Consideralde delay in the sailing of 
the steamer was occasioned by the non- 
arrival (if a jiortion of the equipments, 
but at al)out 8 o'cloeli the fasts were cast 
oil", and slie bounded on her way. The 
(roops were in excellent sjiirits. 

The New Bedford Standard of Wed- 
nesday, n-jiorts the following aeeidcnt 
to Major .Iciuiiugs, ot the 'i'hird regi- 
ment, wliicli will prevent his joining his 
command at present : — 

"Yesterday afternoon, as Major Jen- 
inngs, of this city, was returning home 
from Boston on a temporary leave of 
absence, by the Fairhaven train, he re- 
ceived a, dispatch at Br.ilntree, from 
Colonel Wardro)). staling that the 'I'iiird 
regiment was ordered to Foi-t Monroe, 
and recjuestiiig his return. 'I'lie Major, 
on leaving the cars, jimiped to the plat- 
form, having his sword in his right 
hand. The end of the weapon struck 
the ]datform so as to cause him to fall, 
the hilt striking him uii<ler the ribs, 



upon the right side, his whole weight 
being brouglit for an instant upon the 
sword, causing, it is feared, (juite a 
severe injury internally. There being no 
trains for Boston or this city, he took the 
steamboat train and went to Fall River, 
where he sent for Doctors Davis and 
Dwelley, who freely leeched his side, 
and gave him medical attendance through 
the night. This morning he arrived at 
home in the steamboat train, and Doc- 
tor Bartlett was called in, who thought 
that the kidney was more injured than 
the liver. He is still suti'ering severe 
pain. In consequence of this accident, 
he will not be able to go to Virginia 
with his regiment." 

Sceiit'8 at Central Wliarf. 

The steam-ship landing at the end of 
Central wharf was the scene of a most 
enthusiastic demonstration. Several 
hours before the arrival of the troops 
which embarked on the steamer S. R. 
Spaulding, the streets Icatling to the 
wharf were thronged with people wend- 
ing their wa_v to the steamer. Occasion- 
ally the cry of "Here they come!'' was 
raised, when the nmltitude hastened for- 
ward witli accelerated speed, eager to 
secure the most available position at 
whieh to witness the departure of the 
troops. The roofs of the extensive 
sheds occui)ied by the steam-ship line 
were covered witii men, and every ac- 
cessible point on the wharf, which com- 
manded a view of the embarkation, was 
crowded by the curious and eager multi- 
tude, wlio held their positions with re- 
markable tenacity and patience for 
several liours, and dis|iersed at night- 
fall, only to reasseml)le at the lirst 
sound of the stirring drum, announcing 
the ajiproach of the troops. 

The arrival of the regiment was sig- 
nalized by the firing of salutes and the 
shouts of the nmltitude. Cheer after 
chi'cr greeted the men as they marched 
in s(j|id colunm on board the steamer. 
The ajijiearance of Brigadier-general 
Butler, who accompanied Adjutant-gen- 
eral Schouler, Brigadier-general Bullock, 
and othi^r officers, to suiierintend the 
embarkation, was a signal for renewed 
cheering. 
The QuarliTS of the Troops on Shipboard. 

The quarters of the troops at night, 
and during such weather as will prevent 
them from going on deck, are between 
decks, forward of the engine. 'I'he 
decks have been covered with sails, 
U]ion which the men will spread their 
mattresses and blankets. As they will 
not probably be at sea nuu'e than two 
nights, they will not experience very 
great inconvenience from their sudden 
change of sleejiing aj^artments. The 
officers will quarter in the cabin and 
state-rooms, wliere there are acconnno- 
dations for at least lifty men. 

Judging from the provision which has 
been made for feeding the troops, none 
are likely to go hungry. Among tlie 
stores laid in for the tri]i are the follow- 
ing : One thousand four hundred pounds 
of e(n-iied beef, four hundred jiounds of 
fresh beef, one liunili-<Ml .and lifty pounds 
of poultry, six bundn'd loaves of wliite 



bread, ten barrels No. 1 pilot bread, a 
plentiful supply of fresh jirovisions, 
milk, coffee, tea, etc., which, under the 
liberal distribution of Mr. John Franz, 
the steward, will amply sujiply the 
wants of the troops. 

Shipment of Provisions for tlie Troops. 

Through the wise and thouglitful ac- 
tion of the Commander- in -cliief, the 
trooi)S who have been sent to Fort 
Monroe will be abundantly supplied 
with ]»rovisions for their use after tlieir 
arrival. Consjjicuous among the cargo 
taken on board the Spaulding yesterday 
afternoon, were great quantities of beef, 
pork, butter, cheese, tea, coft'ee, sugar, 
and other articles, constituting in bulk 
about three thousand dollars' worth. 
The barrels and boxes were marked 
"Massachusetts Stores," and are con- 
signed to the commander of the volun- 
teers, and are not to be broached until 
the troojjs arrive at their destination. 
This forethought on the part of the 
Executive is highly commendable, and 
sliows that the comfort of those who 
are leaving their homes in defense of 
their country will not be neglected. 
The troojis are provided with ten thou- 
sand ball cartridges. 



The Eighth Regiment. 

The Eighth regiment remained last 
night in ipiarters at Faneuil hall. The 
regiment will be completed to-day, and 
will proceed this afternoon to join Gen- 
eral Butler's command at Washington. 



Arrival of Troops, etc. 

In the train over the Old Colony road, 
at 6 o'clock last evening, arrived two 
companies of the Tliird regiment: Co. 
H (Plymiiton) ; lieutenant, Lucien L. 
Perkins, with fifty-eight men. Co. K 
(Carver) ; captain, William S. McFarlin: 
twenty men. Tliese two companies im- 
mediately joined their regiment, and 
left for Fort Monroe in the steamer 
li. S. Spaulding. 

Co. 1 (Hingham), of the Fourth regi- 
ment, Lieut. Luther Stephenson, Jr., 
commanding, came in the same train, 
with forty-two men. They also joined 
their regiment, and started for their des- 
tination (Fort Monroe) over the Fall 
River railroad. 

The citizens of the town of Beverly 
have made up a purse of ^2000 tor the 
use of the families of the departed 
soldiers. 

The American Tract Society yester- 
day threw the Stars and Stripes'to the 
breeze, from the upper windows of the 
old Tract house in Cornhill. 



A Volunteer from Philadelphia. 

The following letter was received in 
this city yesteriUiy : — 

I'njLATiEi.puiA, April 1.5, isfil. 
Capt. C. O. Rogkus, Co. B, Second battalion : 

Dear Sir, —Would tlie service of an old mem- 
ber of the B. T>. 1. bi' acceptable to yourself 
and command, in case you should be called 
on to assist the f^overnment? li yes, please 
advise me. and I will hohl myself in readiness 
to respond in an hour's notice. 

1 am, sir, yours to command, E. K. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



31 



More Money for the State and Gifts 
to Soldiers. 

In addition to the cases mentioned 
elsewhere, -^x-e learn tliat tlie Bay State 
bank of Lawrence, and tlie Mount Wol- 
laston bank of t^uincy, liave tendered to 
the Governor loans to the amount of 
$25,000 eacli. 

Hon. Samuel Hooper, of this city, 
presented his check for SlOO to Capt. K. 
V. Martin, of Co. C, of Marblehead, 
last evening, to be appropriated for the 
benefit of the volunteers from that town. 

Each of the commissioned officers of 
Cos. D and F (Lynn Liglit Infantry and 
Lynn City Guard) was made the re- 
cipient of a handsome regulation swoi-d 
and trimmings, yesterday, the gift of 
several of tlie prominent citizens of 
Lynn. 



A Splendid Ovation. 

The Sixtli regimc>iit, of the Massacliu- 
setts militia, which left Boston at 7 : 30 
o'clock last evening, and passed ttirough 
Springfield and New Haven, arrived at 
the Twenty-sevcntli-street depot, in this 
city, at 7 : 30 o'clock this morning. 

The officers of the regiment arrived 
last night, and put up at the Fifth-av- 
enue hotel. It was expected that the 
soldiers would also arrive last evening, 
and the Fifty-fifth regiment proceeded 
to the Twenty-scventh-street depot to 
act as an escort. About two hundred 
members of the Seventh regiment also 
proceeded to the depot after drill, in 
citizens' dress, to meet tlie Massachu- 
setts men, and remained until nearly 2 
o'clock this morning. 

The Fiftv-flfth, after waiting until a 
very late liour, concluded the regiment 
would not arrive until to-day and re- 
tired. Tlie early hour at which they 
reached the city tills morning rendered 
an escort impracticable, especially as 
the time was uncertain, but the people 
were out by thousands to welcome the 
soldiers of "the good old commonwealth. 
A more splendiil ov.ation, although 
wholly improm])tu, has seldom been 
witnessed. Througli the entire line of 
their mardi it was one continuous roar 
of cheers and ap|)lause. 

The reception at the Fifth - avenue 
hotel beggars description. Thousands 
of citizens gathered to witness the dis- 
play, and to swell the grand chorus of 
applause. 

The Messrs. Leland entertained three 
hundred of the regiment, in rooms gaily 
decorated for their accommodation. 

The St. Nicholas took two hundred, 
and the Astor house tlie remaining five 
hundred. 

Some of our most prominent citizens 
waited upon tlie troojis, and expressed 
the liveliest admiration for their prompt- 
ness in responding to the call of their 
country. 

Incidents. 

As the troops passed down Broadway 
they were observed by Gen. .James 
Appletou, of Ipswich, Mass. The Gen- 
eral is seventy-six years old, with all 
his mental and physical energies unim- 



paired. As the troops passed by him, 
he remarked with deep emotion, "Those 
boys won't run. I commanded a regi- 
ment of them in the last war." Gen- 
eral Appletou says he is young enough 
yet to fight for his country, and he is 
ready to enlist. 

During their brief stay in this city the 
troops were constantly surrounded by 
hundreds of patriotic citizens, whose 
enthusiasm seemed to know no hounds. 
At the several hotels where they were 
quartered they received the best' atten- 
tion, and were greatly refreshed by the 
excellent entertainment. 

Having breakfasted, they employed 
their time nntil 11 o'clock in conversa- 
tion, smoking and preparations for the 
march. All seemed determined to stand 
by the old flag under all hazards, ami to 
])unish those who dare to insult it. 
Many of the men are exceedingly in- 
telligent, and not a few come from fami- 
lies eminent in the history of the old 
Bay State. They spoke of the ability of 
Massachusetts to send thirty thousand 
or even more vohmteers to the supi)ort 
of the government if needed. At 11 
o'clock the various companies, having 
assembled at the Astor house, formed in 
Broadway. 

By this time thousands of our citizens 
had gathered to bid the brave fellows 
Gods])eed. No language can describe 
the excitement of the vast concourse. 
Cheer followed cheer until the welkin 
rang as with a sound of tliuuder. There 
were cheers for the star-spangled ban- 
ner, for the dear old flag, for the red, 
white and blue, for the government, for 
the North, for Lincoln, for Major Ander- 
son, for every thing the loyal I'leart could 
suggest. Old men, young men, and 
lads waved the American flag over 
their heads, pinned It to their hats and 
coats, cartmen displayed it on their 
horses. Barnimi fluug it from every 
window of the museum. 

The guests of the Astor shouted till 
they were hoarse, so did the visitors at 
the nuiseum, and when at last, at half- 
past 11, the police taking the lead, the 
regiment took ui> their nuirch for the 
JeTse_y-Clty ferry, the enthusiasm was 
perfect!}- overwhelming. At ever_y stop 
the roar of tlie multitude was increased, 
at every win<low the flags were waved. 

Turning from Broadway into Court- 
landt street, the scene was such as has 
seldom, if ever, been seen in New York. 
The stores could hardly be seen for the 
flags, of which there iuust have Iieen, 
on an average, one for every window in 
the street. Every building was thronged 
with [wrsous eager to see the regiment, 
while the sidewalks, awning posts, and 
stoops were literally covered with a 
mass of excited humanity. There was 
one uidnterrupted and unprecedented 
cheer from Broadway to the ferry. 

Those who have witnessed all the 
great demonstrations of the city for 
a lialf century back remember none so 
.spontaneously enthusiastic. As the 
regiment filed oft" to go upon tlie ferry- 
boat, which was gaily decorated with 
flags, as was the ferry-house, there were 
loud cries of "God bless you,"' "God 



bless vou;" and uidlmlted cheers for 
the old Bay State. 

Crossing the river the troops entered 
the spacious depot of the New .Jersey 
railroad company, which was crowded 
with patriotic Jersey men and women. 
From the convenient balconv around 
the building, so well occupied at the 
Lincoln reception, the bright eyes of 
many a fair one looked down in "spark- 
ling delight at the in-omi)t march of 
the brave Massacliusetts boys to their 
country's defense. 

Flags were waved by hundreds of fair 
bauds, and wlille the volunteers were 
waiting for tlie cars not a few of tlie 
miniature copies of the national emblem 
were smilingly transferred to tlieir keep- 
ing. There was a long delay, during 
which the patriotism of the great crowd 
display<>d itself In many amusing ways, 
ami at 1 o'clock the train, consisting" of 
fifteen cars and a sturdy locomotive, 
happily named the " VValcott," and 
beautifully dressed with flags, left the 
depot amidst a i)erfect avalanche of 
cheers. — ^[New York Evening Post, 
April 18. 

The field officers arrlve(l in this city 
with the half-past II o'clock train last 
evening, but Innnedlately procured a 
carriage and were driven to the Fifth- 
avenue hotel. On arriving at the hotel, 
a large crowd were assembled in the 
vestibule, discussing passing events, 
when Col. P. S. Davis, Maj. P. Adams 
Ames, and JIaj. Jonathan Ladd passed 
through the hall. As soon as it became 
known that they were the officers of tlie 
Massachusetts volunteers, the cheering 
became tremendous. All who could 
crowd arounil the ofiicers and get hold 
of their hands, did so, and many were 
the " Godspeeds '" bestowed upon them 
b.v the assendilage. 

When the troojis alighted from the 
ears, tumultuous cheers greeted them, 
first for the " Bay State,'" for the " Bos- 
ton Boys," and the Massachusetts mili- 
tia in general. 

Along tlie entire route the demonstra- 
tions were soul-insiilring and patriotic. 
Cheer after cheer rang upon the ear at 
every block and corner. New acces- 
sions to the civic escort were received at 
every step, and such was the throng 
that It ultimately required the unitecl 
exertions of Capt. Francis Speight and 
thirty men of tlie 'I'wenty-first precinct, 
to keep them from crowding upon the 
military. 

Nearly opposite the New York hotel, 
a gray-haired old man, tottering under 
the weight of _years, mounted a stoop 
and announced tliat he had fought under 
the Stars and Strii)es In the War of 1812, 
against a foreign ])0wer, and now that 
flag was about being despoiled bj- those 
who should be our brethren. "God 
bless our flag," was his concluding sen- 
timent, while tears were seen streaming 
from his eyes in torrents. Such cheer- 
ing as followed the words of the old 
gentleman may better be imagined than 
described. — [Commercial Advertiser. 

The Eighth Massachusetts regiment 
of volunteers reached New Y'ork at so 



32 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



early an liour on Friday morning, that 
but " few iHTSons gathered to witness 
their arrival, and although there was 
a general cheering and waving of hand- 
kerchiefs from private houses on the 
route, as they proceeded to the hotels 
for breakfast! there was no very noticea- 
hl<' demonstration until they mustered 
for departure from the city. ()f the 
scenes which then ensued the Evening 
Post says : — 

Soon" after 11 o'clock the Eighth regi- 
ment of Massachusetts militia mustered 
in the park, and were received by an im- 
promptu gathering of several thousand 
persons, who cheered to the echo every 
movement of the sturdy volunteei's. 
After a fC'W evolutions, "the regiment, 
preceded by a corps of police, took 
their niarcli down Broadway to Court- 
landt street. At every point" the throng 
of spectators increased, as did the en- 
thusiasm. The display of bunting and 
ardor on Courtlandt street was like that 
of yesterilay. 

There were constant cheers for the 
old Bay State, for Marl)lehead, for 
Lowell, for every point from whence the 
brave fellows came. General Butler, 
who walked with steady stej) and erect 
head, was the observed of all, and rec- 
ognized by hundreds, was the subject 
of a personal ovation of the most com- 
plimentary character. Embarked upon 
the ferry-boat, which was gaily dec- 
orated, the troops were cheered until 
fairly out of hearing. 

They arrived in Jersey City at about 
noon, and immediately took the cars. 
There was much enthusiasm, and the 
men exhibited the utmost alacrity. On 
parting with one of them, a by-stander 
remarked that he hoped he should see 
him again. " Yes, you will see us 
again; we will do our duty first, and 
will upe. you again." 

There was animation on every face, 
and all seemed to feel the importance of 
their nnssion. \ot a regret was visible 
upon the countenance of a single indi- 
vidual. Some of then\, in view of the 
fact that they iHight be compelled to 
light before they reached Washington, 
remarked that they were ready, but 
feared that they had nut cartridges 
enough." 

Presentation of the Flag. 

The flag presentation oc^currcd at the 
dopot in Jersey <'ity. The Commercial 
Advertiser gives the annexed account : — 

■'At the dejxit an affecting incident 
occured. Colonel Monroe of the Eighth, 
being lou<lly called for. appeared, sur- 
rounded by (ieneral Butler, (juarter- 
master-general John Moran, Colonel 
Hinks, and the rest of the stafi'. A. 
(iriswold, Esq., a prominent mendter of 
the Xew York bar, stejiped forward, 
holding in his band a magniticcnt silk 
flag mounti'd ciu a massiv<' hickory stafV. 
lie addressed llie coimuandant of the 
Eighth regiment as folhius : — 

" ' (.'olonid Monroe, — Sir, you are 
from Massachiisells; "God bless her I'' 
Her sons everywhere are proud of her 
IiNtorv. and whih' her armies are com- 



manded by such officers as are at their 
head we have faith in her future. As a 
son of Massachusetts. 1 beg to present 
this standard as a token ot my apprecia- 
tion of the cause in which you are en- 
gaged. 1 confide it to your keeping — 
".Stand by it."" 

"Colonel Monroe responded with the 
following appropriate and (doquent re- 
marks : — 

" ' As a son of Massachusetts, I re- 
ceive it from a son of her soil, and I will 
defend it. "God help me."' 

" The cheering which followed was 
deafening; nine cheers were proposed 
and given for the Hag, and at that 
moment eight bundretl liardy troops, 
just arrived from the sacred precincts 
of Bunker hill, vowed solennily to de- 
fend that flag with their lives and honor. 
The flag is made of silk; heavy crimson 
tassels hanging from the spear of the 
stafl". 

" Quartermaster Moran, of the First 
brigade, while in the act of stejiping 
into the cars, received a telegram recall- 
ing him to Boston, as the War depart- 
ment has telegraphed for his entire 
brigade." 



FROM WASHINGTON. 



Riiiuors in Regard to Virginia. 

SECESSION AGENTS LEAVING fOR 



SUPPLIES FOR THE VOLUNTEERS. 



War Fever Raging at the West. 



Some Virginians here profess to be 
certain that the state has gone out. 
Others say she will assume a position 
of armed neutrality, and prevent troops 
from passing either w ay. 

Several Secession agents left here to- 
day for Montgomery. 

Large supplies of beef, pork, l)iscuit, 
and beans were put in the Post-office 
department this afternoon for the volun- 
teers. 

Western men, arrived to-night, lepre- 
sent that the war fever is raging there. 

The Rhode Island Troops Wanted 
Immediately — The District Mili- 
tia — Fictitious Rumors — Ap- 
pointments. 

WAsiiiNdToN, April 17. Governor 
Sprague has been telegraphed to come 
here with the Uhode Island troops im- 
mediately. 

Additional vidunteer comptinies were 
mustered iiUo service to-d;iy by the War 
deiiartment. Others are fornung to 
offer their services to the govermiient. 

There is no intelligence here to war- 
rant the belief that Harper's Ferry has 
been seized, as was currently rumored 
to-day. The same is true of other re- 
I>orts of an exciting character. — [Bos- 
ton Journal. 



FROM MONTGOMERY. 



ProclamatioE liy Jefferson Davis. 



Letters of Marque to be Issued by 
THE Confederate States. 

MON'TGOMERV, April 17. 

Whereas, Abraham Lincoln, President of 
the United States, has annonneed his inten- 
tion of invading the Confederacy with an 
armed force, for the purpose of capturing its 
fortresses, and tlierebj' subverting its inde- 
pendence, and subjecting its free people to 
the dominion of a foreign power; and 
whereas, it has thus beeonie the duty of this 
government to repel the threatened invasion, 
and defend the rights and liberties of the 
people by all the means which the laws of 
nations and the usages of civilized warfare 
place at its disposal ; 

Now, therefore, I, JetiTerson Davis, Presi- 
dent of the Confederate States of America, 
do issue this, my proclamation, inviting all 
those who may desire by armed service in 
private armed vessels on 'the lugh seas to aid 
this government in resisting so wanton and 
wicked au aggression, to make application 
for commissions or letters of marque and re- 
prisal, to be issuetl under the seal of these 
Confederate States. And 1 do further notify 
all persons applying for letters of marque to 
make a statement in writing, giving the name 
and suitable description of the character, 
tonnage, and foi"ce of the vessel, the name of 
the place of residence of each owner con- 
cerned therein, and the intended number of 
the crew, and to sign each statement and de- 
liver the same to the Secretary of State or 
Collector of the port of entry of these Con- 
federate States, to be by him transmitted to 
the Secretary of State. 

And I do fiirther notify all applicants afore- 
said before any coinniission or letter of 
marque is granted to any vessel, or the 
owner orowhers thereof, and the commander 
for the time being, that they will be required 
to give a bond to the Confederate States, with 
at least two responsible sureties, not inter- 
ested in such vessel, in the penal sum of five 
thousand dollars, with the condition that the 
owners, oflieers, and crew, who shall be em- 
ployed on board, shall observe the laws of 
these Confederate States, and the instruc- 
tions given them for the regulation of their 
conduct, that shall satisfy all damages done 
contrary to the tenor thereof by such vessel 
during lier commission, and deliver up the 
same when revoked by the President of the 
Confederate States. 

And I do further speeiallj' enjoin upon all 
persons holding oltiees civil and military 
under the autlnuity oi tlie Confederate States, 
tliat they be vigilant and zealous in the dis- 
charge of the duties incident thereto. 

And I do moreover solemnly exhort the 
good people of the Confederate States, as 
thej' love their countrj', as they prize the 
blessing of a free government, as they feel 
the wrongs of the past, and those now threat- 
ened in aggravated form by those whose en- 
mity is more implacable because uupvovoked, 
tlinf Ihey exert theniseb. es in preserving 
tu'ler. inpromoting (■oncf)rd, in maintaining 
the authority and eflicieiicy of the laws, and 
in supporting nnd invigOT-ating all the meas- 
ures which may be adopted for the common 
defense, and bv which, un ler the blessing of 
Divine I'rovidence, we may hope for a speedy, 
just, and honorable peace. 

In testimony whereof I nave set my hand 
ami st-'al this seventeenth, day of April. 

(Signed.) JEFt'EUSOX DAVIS. 
Ry the President. 
lioHKUT TooiMiis, Secretary of state. 

Xkav Okm.kaxs, April H!. Several 
vessels are tittiu^i' out here in autieipa- 
tion of the issuing of . Iters of marque. 
The military status at Pensaeola is uu- 
ohanged. Aeeounts fi-oni Kentuoky 
?itate that large nunil)ers are enrolling 
under the Confederate tlag.— [New York 
Herald. 




SECESSIONISTS LEAVING THE ^!r,,riN 





THE INNOCENT CAUSE OF THE WAR 



Fac-sliriiles of Envelopes used during the Reliellion 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



33 



Meeting of Adopted Citizens. 

Union Resolution Adopted — Speeclies by 
Bernard S. Treanor, Tlioiuas Cass, T. 
M. Brown, and Otliers. 

A meetiug ot tlie adopted citizens of 
Boston, which was held last eveuiug at 
the Jackson elub-rooiii, Ilauover street, 
for the purpose of giving expression to 
their devotion to the Union and the con- 
stitution, was attended by some live 
hinidred people — as many as could be 
crowded into the hall. 

The nieetiug was called to order by 
Mr. Bernard S. Treanor. The meeting 
was organized by the clioice of Mr. 
Thomas Cass as chairman, and a long 
list of vice-presidents. 

Mr. Cass took the chair and read the 
call for the meeting by way of announc- 
ing its object. 

Voice in the crowd — " \VTio called 
this meetiug ; that "s what I want to 
know?" 

Voices — "Put him out; hedou"t be- 
long in this town." 

Tlic CbairuKiu — "The Chair wants it 
distinctly umlerstood that he won't 
trouble himself to answer any such im- 
pertiueut questions. [Cheers and hisses.] 
I want it distinctly understood, we don"t 
exjiect any man here who don't favor 
this call ; if there is any uuiu here who 
isn't in favor of it, he has no right here 
whatever and had better leave. We 
want it distinctly understood, too, that 
there are men here who know their 
rights, and knowing them, we are pre- 
pared and will maintain tliem." [Ap- 
plause.] 

The President then read a patriotic 
speech, in which he spoke of the glories 
of this, his adopted country, as the 
most free on earth, and ot the duties ot 
patriots in the present crisis. He called 
upon tlie yoimg men, especially, to come 
forward to support tlieir country, assur- 
ing them that the "noblest idace for 
man to die, is where he dies for man." 
In conclusion, he introduced Mr. B. S. 
Treanor, chairman of the committee on 
resolutions. 

Mr. Treanor jirefaced the resolves 
with some remarks, in which he spoke 
of the troops now quartered in the city, 
soon to be marched to the seat of gov- 
ernment to defend the legitimate rulers 
[cheers and hisses] of this countrj' 
from the attacks of ruthless ruffians. 
[Hisses and cheers.] None but traitors 
of the blackest dye can refuse now to 
support the Union in every way. He 
was aware that iuterested persons had 
attempted to sow the seed of sedition 
among the adopted citizens, but they 
have not yet succeeded. The Irishmen 
who have become citizens of this country 
are loyal. Colonel Corcoran, who refused 
to obey the order to turn out to do honor 
to the Prince of Wales, has a regiment 
of Irishmen who will do good service to 
the cause of the country. You may 
be sure that if the flag of the Stars anii 
Stripes is trailed in the dust, it will not 
be the fault of the gallant Sixty-ninth. 
It is true that in this city, a few years 
since, the Irish-American militarj^ were 
disbanded by an edict of Governor Gard- 
ner, worthy of a Pickens or a Jell'. 



Davis. When the United States laws 
were in danger of being trampled upon 
in Court square, I shall uever forget 
the patriotic conduct of the noble old 
Columbians, of whom you, sir, were 
one. We have served tlie South faith- 
fully, and now let the South rest assured 
that we will stand by the Union, the 
constitution, and the President, whom 
the ]ieople have constitutionally elected. 
Jlr. 'i'reanor liero read the following 
resolves : — 

Jieso/re(/, That we will support the jrovern- 
uient, by every means in our power, in its 
efforts to enforce tile laws, eolleot tbe reve- 
nue, repossess the national property, uiaiu- 
tain the constitution, and suppress" treason 
and rebellion wherever it appears. 

A'fSo//.'f(/, That we call upon every adojited 
citizen of Ii-ish birth to stand true to the 
country which has become the home of so 
many millions of our race arul of the op- 
pn'sscd people of the old world, and nol per- 
mit the liberties for which WashiuMton fouitht 
and ^lonti^omery died to be trampled under 
foot by the slave oligarchy of the South. 

Kesundng, Mr. Treanor said : " Now, 
Jlr. President, I would ask any reasona- 
ble man what cause is ther<> or has there 
been In existence for plunging this 
hapjiy, peacefid country Into its present 
condition':' What constitutional right 
of the South has been invaded'? \Vhat 
wrong has Iieen done by ('ongress to 
any state In the .South'? It is true, sir, 
the state of Virginia was lnvade(l by 
the unfcntunate John Brown." 

Voice in the rear of the hall — ■ 
"There's a d — d Secessionist out here." 

Voices — " Put hiin out." 

Treanor — "Let the traitors show 
themselves. We '11 promise tlieni, if 
they 're not careful, a spccinu'U of Vir- 
ginia lynch law. 

" I was saying, sir. that the state of 
Virginia was unlawfully and unjustly 
Invaded by the unfortunate John Brown ; 
but, sir, the almost unanimous majority 
of tlie citizens of every state were 
ready to rush to arms In defense of 
every constitutional right, and In de- 
fense of the independence of \'lrglnia, 
or of any other state which might be 
invaded in a similar manner. AVliat has 
been done since, bj- any one, to justify 
the present position of the Southern 
states? What Is the question at Issue'? 
The Kepubllcau party had solemnly de- 
clared, by their |)latform adopted at 
Chicago, that they did n't inteuil to 
meddle with slavery in the states where 
it exists, but contended also that it is 
a great and acknowledged evil where it 
exists, and has been from the time the 
constitution was adopted until the pres- 
ent moment, and they deidared that 
they were utterly opposed to its fiutber 
extension. Sir, I submit that if, when 
the time arrived, they had practically 
carried out these principles — if the 
Kepublican party had been successful in 
attempting to prohibit the extension of 
slavery, — that, even that, would not 
have been a violation of anj' clause of 
the constitution." 

A small row here occurred in the rear 
of the hall, and the speaker was inter- 
rupted for a while by cries of "Hang 
him," " Put him out," "Hang him up," 
etc. ; forms of proceeding which were 



suggested by the presence of some oli- 
noxious person in the crowd. 

Mr. Treanor — " If, therefore, the 
question had been iiractically brought 
before Congress for the purpose of pro- 
hibiting the introduction of slavery into 
any free territory, and Congress iiad 
decided so to do, "it would not be, 1 sub- 
mit, an infraction ot the constitution. 
But the South, without waiting for a 
test of the question, threw oil' all alle- 
giance to the Union, and attemped to 
subvert that government which they 
had so long held in their hands, and 
which they now saw suddenly jiass 
from them. The (juestlou was, how- 
ever, sulimitled to the jieoide of the en- 
tire Union, as to whethei- slavery should 
be protected, as one iiartv in the late 
contest said It ought to be, and thi' people 
of the North and the South, East and 
AVest, by their votes, whether given for 
Douglas or for Lincoln, decided that 
slaveiT should not be protected In the 
territories. [Great ai)i)lause.] Sir, It 
has always been the pride of every 
American citizen, and the wmider of the 
whole world, that wlilli' jirlor to a presi- 
dential election our liereest passions are 
rouse<l up, they all i)ass away when the 
peoi)le have met to deposit their votes in 
the ballot-bo.\ ; how every man bows In 
submission to that great arbitrator of 
public opinion. Shall the ballot-box no 
longer be regai-ded an<l acknowledged 
as the exponent of the voice of the peo- 
ple'? Are we to come to the condition 
of the petty states of Central America 
and >Iexico, and to have a revolution 
upon every election of a president'? 
Is it not the great element of the gov- 
ernment of this country that the ma- 
jority shall rule, and that the minority 
shall bow in obedience to that rule'? 
Could n't the South have waited four 
years, and again submitted Its claims'? 
Xo, sir; the election of a Kepublican 
ju'esident was but the pretext for the 
opening of schemes which they have 
been nursing ever sliu'e Andrew Jack- 
son put down nuUltication in 1833. Are 
these the kind ot men we wish to see 
march ujion Washington, and place their 
despotic flag upon the Capitol, and give 
laws to the people of thirtv-four states'? 
['It can't be did,' 'No!"' 'Xo!' Ap- 
plause.] The ])eo])le of this country 
will find the fiu'eign-born citizens as 
true to freedom as they were in the 
Revolution, and as they were in 1814." 

Voice — "How about the two years' 
amendment'?" 

Mr. Treanor — "I am opposed to all 
two years' and all one year amend- 
ments. But if the slave-holding oligar- 
chy had the jjower they would n't allow 
one of you to vote, — no, not one of 
you ['That's so!" Great applause], 
and we, wiio came from a coimtry 
where not one in fifty thousand of us 
was allov^-ed to vote, ought not to be too 
fastidious about a i)altry two years' 
amendment." [Apjdause.] 

Mr. Treanor continued some time 
longer In this train of remark, and in 
conclusion said that the traitors' flag 
woidd never float over the Capitol, or 
over Faneuil hall, as long as a loyal 



34 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR 



citizen rciiiaiiicd to defend tlie honor of 
llie Stars :ind Strliie*. 

Three' eheers were given tor Jlr. 
'I'rcaiior ;il the conehisiou of his re- 
marks. 

Mr. T. ^l. Brown was next called out. 
He remarked that Irishmen ouglit to he 
found now hi the very front of the 
battle. 

Voice — "Tliey're never found l)e- 
liind." [Applause.] 

The Chair — '• Three cheers for that 
fellow." Tliey were given. 

Mr. Hrown, resuming, remarked that 
this was no time to talk about party 
platforms. Perhaps when all exi.sting 
platforms have been knocked into a 
cocked hat, we may go to work and 
make a new one. Suiipose Massachu- 
setts has made mistakes; is she the 
oulv state that has done so? [Voices — 
"X'o: no:'" "Yes!" -'Put him out!"] 
Mr. Krowii — We have a constitutionally 
elected President. [-'Three cheers for 
the President " — given. '-Three cheers 
for (iarrisou " — hisses. " Three cheers 
for Douglas" — given.] Where is the 
call for the present liebelliou'? There 
is n"l .-iiiy. Nobody's rights have been 
invaded: nobody has been taxed. There 
is only a nuserahle pretext for treason. 
Let us show that the old spirit which 
coniiielled a treaty on the old stone at 
Limerick isn't dead yet. The spirit 
which nerved the arm of Sarstield; the 
spirit whicli stirred the heart of Daniel 
O'Connell; the spirit which tired the 
brain and tilled the great heart of him 
win) was the jirophet and guidi' of 
young Ireland ; tlie glorious Thomas 
Davis, is yet alive. [Applanse.] That 
flag must never trail in the dust. [A])- 
)>lause.] fiCt the adopted citizens of 
America follow that flag, and determine 
never to leav<' the work until it flo.-its 
over tldrty-fiuir states. [Great ap- 
plause. .-iikI three hearty cheers.] 



l)i 



The Right Talk. 

The .\ew])ort Nevs rei)orts the follow- 
ing : — 

'' A correspondeuce, of which the fol- 
lowing is the substance, is said to have 
passi'd between Governor Hicks, of 
Maryland, and Governor Sprague, of 
KhoiU' Island, on Friday or Saturday of 
last week, by ti'lcgra|)h: — 

" Gtivfrnor I licks to Governor Sprague. 

— 'I understand you are about to pro- 
cee<l to Washington with the IJhode 
Island regiment. I advise you not to 
laketlKMu through lialtimore, and thus 
avoid lroul)le.' 

"Govrrnor Sprague to Governor //irks. 

— -The Itbode Island regimeiu are 
g<iiug to light, and il matters not 
wb<-ther they tight in Baltimore or 
\\ ashington.'" 



An Editok okk fou tiik Wahs. — 
Tlie senior editor of tlie Hartford I'ress, 
Mr. Josejili I!. Ilawley, has gone to sui>- 
port with his sword the cause he has 
defended with his ]ien. He gives his ser- 
vices in the cajiacity of first lieutenant of 
Iville ( 'o. A, First Connecticut regiment. 



Flag-raising on Old South Church. 

This noon a new and lieautiful flag was 
raised from the belfry of the Old South 
i-hurch, in the presence of a large C(ui- 
course of people. 

The meeting was called to order by 
(Jeorge Homer, Esq., of the standing 
committee of the society, who made a 
few approjiriatc remarks. They did not, 
he said, come as partisans or sectarians, 
but as American citizens, remembering 
that dear an<l sacred associations were 
connected with this spot; that here, in 
Itevolntionary times, our fathers were 
wont to meet and to consult in regard to 
the interests of the country. 

A fervent prayer was then offered by 
IJev. Dr. Blagiien, the senior pastor of 
the chundi. 

The rt.ag was then thrown to the 
breeze, with the motto: "Titl'ETo OUH 
PiKVonTioNAltY PRiNClin.ES," amid the 
cheers by the crowd, and the -■ Star- 
.si)augled Banner" by Gilmore's liand. 

Rev. J. yi. Manning, the associate 
pastor, was next introduced, and spoke 
as follows : — 

.\<l<lress of Ilev. J. IM. Manning. 

I thank you, >Ir. Chairman and gentle- 
men of the committee, from the bottom 
of my heart, and in the name of the 
Christian religion, I thank you, for un- 
furling that flag \\ here it now greets our 
eyes. It is in the right place. Let it 
roll otit its colors to the sunlight, and 
jilay with the free breezes of heaven, till 
its insulted honor has been vindicated — 
till its supremacy is owned throughout 
the Itepublic, and every American knee 
bows to it in willing and joyous hom- 
age; then, an honorable peace having 
been secured, let it be folded up care- 
fully, and laid among our historic treas- 
ures, to be transmitted, with glorious 
memories of these times, to our chil- 
dren's children. 

If rumor be true, you have performed 
a bold and dangerous act, in throwing 
that banner upon the air. While the 
British troojis held Boston, they de- 
stroyed the steeide of the West church 
for the crime of displaying the American 
ensign! and when the flag of Secession 
waves from the to]) of Fanenil hall, you 
must exiiect that the doings of this hour 
will invite retaliation — that the stee_i)le 
of the Old South church, for having 
dared to become a flag-staft', will he 
toppled l,o the ground. God's temjile 
welcomes the Slar-si>augled Banner to- 
day, for thai banner has ceased to be 
the sign of c<irriipt fellowship, or of 
subserviency lo wrong, and has become 
the syndiol of justice and loyalty to 
human rights. ''I'here floats the ensign 
of the free! We hail it with patriotic 
shouts, for it signals to us <livine order 
and the brotherliood of men. 

Those strijies of crimson and ])earl, 
and that couslellalion on its field of 
blue, are thrilling twenty millions of 
hearts while I speak. From the valleys 
of the I'ine-tree state, from the homes 
of Stark anil .VUen. and I'utnam and 
Greene, from the einjjires of the ^liddle 
states, from the boundless ))rairie and 
forest and mine, they issue fortll. to- 



gether with you of this in-erless com- 
monwealth, an innumerable and iiniuci- 
ble h(]st, to bear our national emblem 
whithersoever duty shall lead the way. 
All that beatifies and blesses American 
society, asks to sit in the shadow of the 
dear old flag; only that which is hateful 
and destructive would drag it from the 
sky, and rend and trample it. 

The African, out of his ages of bond- 
age, is peering, with a strange thrill of 
joy, at these Stars and Stripes; to him 
they are an auroral vision, — the early 
twilight, with its streak of flame, telling 
him that the day of redemption draweth 
nigh. Into this shadow flock those who 
would honor the mighty past and secure 
a mightier future. Hither come loyalty. 
<n-der, goodness, civilization, the arts, 
and ]ihilanthroi)y. And now Chris- 
tianity, divine mistress of the earth, 
bids iier temiiles bear up this glorious 
ensign, as if to consecrate it to its new 
and holy mission, and thus signify what 
banner it is which she will entwine with 
her own, when the kingdoms of the 
world shall become the kingdom of 
the Lord. 

And as it is befitting that Christianity 
should embrace the American ensign to- 
day, so it seems hardly less proper that 
the Old South, of all the I'hurches in 
Xew England, should be delegated for 
this touching ceremonial. She is not 
the oldest, but certainly the most his- 
toric, of them all. The history of the 
nation can not be disconnected from 
hers ; the two are inseparably inter- 
twined. Within a few yards of us, John 
Winthrop lived and died; and his man- 
sion was occupied by ministers of this 
church until destroyed during the AVar 
of the IJevolution. From his family 
these grounds passed hito the ])Ossession 
of John Norton, the celebrated divine; 
and by him they were given to the 
church, for the twofold object of civil 
and religious liberty. 

The State house" and this sanctuary 
have been called the Moses and Aaron 
of New England freemen. Here the 
citizens of Boston, after the tragedy of 
March o, 1770, met to denounce stand- 
ing armies, and to demand the removal 
of the English troops; a meeting whicli 
grew to an annual custom, under the 
direction of tin' selectmen, and which 
was really the origin of our jireseiit 
municipal observance of the Fourth of 
July. Echoes of the eloquence of Sam- 
uel' .\dams, Otis, and Hancock, sleeji 
within these walls; elociuence which 
gave birth to the American Repul)lic, 
and which seems to be blossoming out 
and rousing us, as it did our fathers, to 
patriotic exertion — in the starry folds 
now floating overhead. 

Hitliei' Warren came, and climbed 
through that window into the pulpit, on 
that memorabh' day, when no other citi- 
zen dared to address the people — when 
none but those who loved liberty more 
than life ventured to be his auditors — 
who sat in the pews, pale as dead men, 
while the king's troops, fully armed, 
Ihrmiged the aisles and pulpit steps. 
This building has served as an exercise- 
n-round for horsemen who sought to 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



35 



oouquPr the iinniortal euililcm ubove us. 
The liorse and liis rider have perished, 
while the temple they profaned still 
stands, and the flag the}' hated still 
waves on high! Sic semper tyrannis ! 
Thus may it ever be ; and thus, by the 
help of heaven, shall it be with those 
who are bidding their rattlesnake fetch 
down our eagle from his home in the 
skies. 

The sanctuary, which gave its sacred 
water to the lirow of Franklin, this day 
dedicates and baptizes, in tl^e name of 
the Triune God, the symbol which tliat 
matcliless diplomatist lured from the 
unwilling liauds of kings, and which he 
taught the nations to fear and admire. 
We welcome thee I)ack to thy natal spot, 
— to the Puritan church, of which thou 
wert born, — Flag of the Free ! Float 
on forever, in majesty ami might, tliou 
glorious ensign; symbol of liberty, 
guardian of onler and law, a nation's 
pride, tliou jov-speakiug lienild to the 
oppressed of all lamlsl Within thy 
folds may no crime or dishonor lurk. 
Palsied be the tongue that w(.>uld de- 
fame thee; withered the luiud that 
would tear thee from thy lofty height ! 
God go with thee in the day of battle, 
and V'ictory make thy standard her 
abiding-place. Under thy liroad pro- 
tection will we rally, in tlie days of 
peril ; and whether the danger come 
from afar, or from internal foes, our 
lives, our fortimes, our sacred honor, 
shall be thine ; and our childreu, brought 
devoutly to the altar of freedom, shall 
l)e sworn to defend thee uutil the reign 
of the Prince of Peace begins. — [Bos- 
ton Journal. 



recorded with tlie dead. But what is 
more glorious than to die for one's 
country? 1 am in as good spirits as our 
dubious position will admit, and I prom- 
ise you I will die like a soldier, — and a 
true one, — if I uaist." 



The True Soldier's Spirit. 

The following extract from a letter 
written by one of the Salem Light In- 
fantry (zouaves), has tlie ring of the 
true "metal. It will be seen that the 
writer expected to encounter dangers 
which he does not underestimate or 
aftect to despise ; but he was ready to 
meet them and die a soldier's death, if 
need be. The regiment was not ordered 
through Baltimore, so that his anticipa- 
tions of hot work there were not real- 
ized. The writer is one of Chandler & 
C'o.'s clerks : — 

"TFe have got to push our loay through 
Baltimore in the morning, at the point of 
the bayonet ! But our boys are deter- 
mined and in for it. Our bayonet exer- 
cise has got to put the whole regiment 
through tire and brimstone. To tell you 
the truth, our boys expect to be split to 
pieces. But we have all made up our 
minds to die at our post. We have one 
great consolation before us ; the famous 
Seventh regiment, of Xew York, will 
join us to-night iu Philadeljihia, and at 
3 o'clock in the morning we expect to 
take up our line of march. There is an 
unheard-of hot time before us, and we 
are furnished with no anununitiou as 
yet, and we are to rely on our bayonets 
and revolvers solely. Our lieutenant is 
collecting our letters, and I must leave 
you. Perhaps before you receive this 
I mav be lying on the tieUl among those 



" Absolutely Necessary for a Soldier." 

The >few York Post gives the follow- 
ing list of articles which the shop win- 
dows exhibit as "indispensable (in a 
horn) for a soldier" : — 

As thus : " Every soldier will find the 
following articles indispensable: A 
complete fatigue dress, a canteen, an um- 
lirella, a portable gas cooking stove 
with i)ots, pans, grid, and other irons, 
camp-stool and bedstead, 'our' patent 
medicines {which would till a shop and 
kill a village), a jiortablc aiul foldable 
India-rublier tent, several (or more) 
cases of preserved meats and cans of 
preserves, a bottle of hair-oil, last, 
leather, and tools for mending shoes, a 
portable writing-desk and AVorcester's 
quarto dictionary, water-proof blacking, 
Youth's (.'liristiau lil>rar_v, a pocket map 
of Maryland and Vii-ginia, and Fowler's 
])hrenological chart, a compass, spy- 
and looking-glass, complete photo- 
graphic apparatus, JIi's. Wiuslow's 
soothing syrup, and Mr. Otard's ditto." 

These are but few of the articles 
recommended, Iiut comprise all that a 
soldier can c<5nveniently cai-ry, in addi- 
tion to his regular equipment and his 
musket. 

A LETTEH from New York, in the 
New Haven Palladium, says: "A tall 
man called to see Governor Morgan at 
Alb:iny, the other day, and desired to 
volunteer. He thought he should like 
to meet .Tefl". Davis. The Governor 
asked, — 

'"Do you know any thing of tac- 
tics ? ' 

"'Well, a little: think F could lead a 
company — Just as lief go in the raid;s.' 

"'And what is your name?' 

'"May — Colonel M:iy. \on may re- 
member me ! ' 

"I fancy if Colonel May, late of tlie 
United States Dragoons, — the man of 
long hair, who resigned because he was 
maltreated by Jeff. Ijavis when the lat- 
ter was secretary of «-ar, — gets at the 
head of a regiment, we sliall see the 
tremendous feats of Palo Alto and I?e- 
saca re-enacted." 

CONFEDKRATK PRfiPllECY. As fre- 
quent reference is made to the prophetic 
boast of the Confederate secretary of 
war, Hon. I,. P. Walker, on the occasion 
of the anticii)ated surrender of Fort 
Sumter, we copy the extract from his 
speech as sent iu a dispatch from Mont- 
gomery, April 12th, as follows: — 

"No man, he said, could tell tohere the 

WAR THIS D.IY COMMENCED WOUld end, 

but he wo^ild prophesy that the fiag lohich 
now flaunts the breeze here looiild float 
over the dome of the old Capitol at Wash- 
ington be.j'ore the 1st of May. Let them 
try Southern chivalry and test the extent of 
Southern resources, and it might float 
eventually over Fanenil hall itself." 



Massachusetts' Response to the Proc- 
lamation of the President. 

It is a iiroud reflection for the i)eople of 
Massachusetts that their citizen-soldiery, 
now as in the days of the lievolutiou, 
were the first in the field at the call of 
their country. The original requisition 
for troops from this state called for but 
two regiments, but the state responded 
with such alacrity that, upon the refusal 
of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri to 
furnish their quotas, a re»inisition was 
unhesitatingly made upon us f(U' two 
more regiments. Three of the four reg- 
iments are now on their way to Wash- 
ington, and the fourth will leave to-day 

— a regiment in four days I Thanks to 
the foresight of Governor .Vndrew, — 
whose praises are in every body's mouth, 

— some provisions had been madi' for 
the comfort of the troo])S in ;imicipaIion 
of this emergency, and the first two regi- 
ments sent from the state were splen- 
didly eqiiippiMt. If the others are not 
so well provided, it is because nobody 
c<Hild have .inticipated that so large a 
quota would be required fi'om the state 
at so short notice. It has been impossi- 
ble to ]iut a very large proportion of 
our militia upou a war footing within 
three days, though what has been done 
in this direction will excite surprise 
ever.vwhere. But the deficiencies in the 
equipment of those sent yesterday and 
to-iiay will be speedily snpi)lied. and a 
week or two of camp duty will put all 
the Massachusetts regiments in a state 
of efficiency which will make them a 
match for at least any equal body of 
troops that the Confederate States can 
bring against them. 

There have been some ill-defined fears 
in our community that the Massachu- 
setts troops would be attacked in transit 
by the rabble at Baltimore. The advice 
of Governor Hicks that the troops be 
sent by steamers seemed to demonstrate 
that there was some ground for ajipre- 
hension. But the loyalty of the m.ijor- 
ity of the citizens of Baltimore is un- 
(piestioned, and the worst which is to be 
apprehended there is a street row, for 
which the men are fully prepared. Al- 
though the regiments which ha\e been 
sent fi'om Massachusetts recpiire drill 
and discipline before they can take the 
field with eft'ect against discii)lined 
troops, there are companies ammig 
those which have gone forwanl that 
wouUl be more than a match for any 
mob th:it coulil be assend)led in lialli- 



36 



IXCIDF.XTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



more, aided as tlioy would be by tlic 
constituted authorities of the city. 

We feel eonfident that the regiments 
which liave bceu sent from Massachu- 
setts will render a good account of them- 
selves. We have conversed with many 
of the soldiers, and while they have re- 
s))onded to the call of their couutrj- 
witli a full understanding that they 
were engaged in no holiday parade, they 
have betrayed, rather in their bearing 
than by words, a sjjirit of enthusiasm, 
bravery, and determination which will 
make them equal to any emergency. In 
behalf of tlieir fellow-citizens at home, 
whose hearty sympatliies go with them, 
we bid them Godspeed. Upon them have 
fall(U the mantles of the men of Lex- 
inglnn and Concord aud Bunker hill, 
auil iheir deeds, whether in the camp 
or in the field, — whether as citizens or 
soliliers. — we are contident will reflect 
homir ui)on the state which was the first 
to si)ring to arms to gain the liberty that 
America now enjoys. 

And we say to the liebels and traitors 
of the South who boast of their martial 
ardor and military strength, that the 
troops that have gone from Massacliu- 
sefts are but the advance guard of those 
whicli will l)e sent if the government 
reipiires more aid. In a few days we 
shall be able to send ten thousand men 
more of the llower of our strength, to 
share their perils and victories, or to 
avenge their defeat if the fortune of v\ar 
should turn against them. Massachu- 
setts never falters in her dutj-. 



I'ATiaoTic LiBERALiTT. — 'J'lie citi- 
zens of Webster, at their town-meeting 
last week, a|)]iropriated $2000 for the 
benelit of families of volunteers; also a 
sulIicieiU amount from the "war fund" 
to furnish each menil)er of the Slater 
Guards with an additional blanket and 
mittens ; and adopted measures for pre- 
paring lliese articles and forwarding 
them to the company. The meeting, on 
the motion of one of the clergymen of 
th<^ town, formally entered upon record 
their adnuration of the bravery of the 
Slater Guards upon the field of battle. 

Qt'akki; rATi;i<vnsM. — A lady of 
tlw l,luaker f.iilh, in a neighboring city, 
on being aske(l by a vfdunteer if she 
was ready to tight the enemy, said, 
"Xay, our doctrine is i)eaee." "Would 
you like to have the I'ebels take Wash- 
inglonV" "Nay, I would rather be 
drawn and quartered. If thee will go 
and light, we will stay at home aud 
work and ju'ay for thee, and jiay the 
taxes." — [ 'rranscrijit. 

I'liionE Island has Viiiifikd It. — 
"A liltli' one shall become a thousand, 
and a small one a strong nation." 



The War. 

The troojis on their passage through 
Siu-inglielii on Wednesday evening were 
handsomidy received, the City Guard 
and liri'uiiMi turning out in uuiform, with 
a great concourse of ]irivate citizens. 
.\ salute was fired amid much enthusi- 
asm. The sum of .$.300 was raised to 
furnish a collation, and refreshments 
were furnished the troops in great abun- 
dance. 

Till' New York Times learns that Gen. 
I'ufus King, of Wisconsin, recently 
a])pointed resident minister at Koine, 
has asked leave of absence from his 
post, in order to take command of his 
regiment aud serve the country in the 
field against domestic traitors. 

In re])ly to an inquiry from Missouri 
as to his policy, Mr. Douglas has tele- 
gra|)hed the following: — 

" I de[irecate war. but if it must come 
I am with my country and for my coun- 
try, under all circumstances and in 
every contingency. Individual policy 
must be subordinate to the public 
safety." 

Nai!I!o\v Escape of a Traitor.— 
It is stated l)y one of Major Anderson's 
ofiieers that Mr. I'oger A. Pryor, of Vir- 
ginia, « bile in Fort Simiter, lietore the 
evacuation, saw in the surgeon's room a 
decaiiti'r which he supposi'd contained 
brandy, and from which he chivalrously 
ind>ibed. The decanter contained Iodide 
of Potash, and the surgeon was obliged 
to give Mr. Pryor a counter-irritant to 
save his valuable life. 

CoLONEE Ellswokth is attempting 
to recruit his regiment exclusively from 
the firemen of New York. He thinks 
that firemen have not been drilled 
enough to )irevent the acquisition of his 
jicctdiar tactics, and yet are accustomed 
to obey, liesides being inured to hard- 
shi]) and ]>rivation. So thoroughlv have 
the firemen entered into the attair, that 
it is thought the required number, eight 
hundred ])icked men, will be ready to 
depart for AVashington by Saturday. 

A MEETlNr, of "all political i)arties, 
who are in favor of the constitution of 
the United States, and the Union of the 
states under it,'' is called for jSIonday 
next at Baltimore. 

.\ liuiiJHT Sentinel. — At one of the 
cam])S on Staten island, a new recruit 
was placed on guard a few nights since. 
An otliccr wisliing to be satisfied that 
the recruit understood his duty, walked 
to the post and passed by, meeting with 
no resistance or objection. Looking at 
the sentry for a moment, he asked him 
if that was the wav he performed his 
duty. 

"Oh, I'm perfdrming my duty," was 
the reply. 

" What did you let me pass for? 
Did n't the siTgeant give you the coun- 
tersign':"' 

" I know nothing of your counter- 
sign," was the rejjly, " but the sergeant 
told me that the first man who came 
along would give me brandy ami wine, 
and not a droji of cither have I seen, 
although half a dozen have passed me. 



Hang the wine : I only want the 
brandy." 

The pass-w ord was " Brandywine," 
and the new aspirant for niilitaiy 
honors had only comprehended it in the 
sense probably most familiar to him. 

The Hartford Press makes the sub- 
joined statement relative to the manu- 
facture of arms for the South, in that 
city, about which much has been said : — 

"The attention of the proper authori- 
ties of this state has been repeatedly 
called to the sale of arms to impro|>er 
persons by the Sharpe's Eifle Co. and 
( 'olt's KeVolving Fire-arms Co. The 
former has absolutely ceased to sell 
where there is any risk of the arms fall- 
ing into the hands of traitors, and it is 
rcjiorted, we do not know how correctly, 
that Colonel Colt will not furnish arms 
to any parties known to be traitors. 

"It is high time that these matters 
were positively settled. It is not to he 
tolerated that Hartford men shall arm 
traitors to shoot down other Hartford 
men. Uet all manufacturers of arms 
and munitions bow to the law; if they 
will not, let the law be sjieedily eii- 
forced.'" 

The Louisville Journal thus comments 
on the President's proclamation : — 

"We are struck with mingled amaze- 
ment and indignation. The policy an- 
nounced in the ijroclamation deserves 
the unipuilified condemnation of every 
American citizen. It is unworthy not 
merely of a statesman, but of a man. 
It is a policy utterly iuiir-braincd .-ind 
ruinous. If Mr. Lincoln contemplated 
this policy in the inaugural address, he 
is a guilty dissembler; if he has con- 
ceived it under the excitement raised by 
the seizure of Fort Sumter, he is a 
guilty hotspur. In either case, he is 
miserably unfit for the exalted position 
in which the enemies of the country 
have placed him. Let the jjeoide in- 
stantly take him aud his administration 
into their own hands if they w oukl res- 
cue the land from bloodshed, and the 
Union from sudden and irretrievable 
destruction." 

Another Roman Mothei!. — A day 
or two since a young man offered him- 
self as a recruit at one of the offices in 
this city, who evidently being a minor, 
^^■as asked if he had his father's permis- 
sion to volunteer. He rejjlied that he had 
no father, but admitted that his mother 
was living. "Then you must get your 
mother's consent," said the officer. The 
young man retired, but soon returned 
with the tollowiug brief but noble 
letter: ' ' lie is mp all ; but I freely give 
him to my country .'" — • [ Bangor Whig. 

A HANiisoMK and deserved compliment 
was paid to tJovernor Andrew last even- 
ing, by S. 11. (iookin, Esq., in the meet- 
ing called to form a Home (iuard. Jlr. 
Gookin said he did all that could be 
done honorably to prevent the election 
of (iovernor Andrew, but he thanked 
God he did not succeed; for His Excel- 
leiu'y, by his prudent foresight, had 
l)rei)ared the stat<' for the present crisis, 
and he would be forever enthroned in 
the hearts of the people. 



INCIDEiYTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



37 



War Nei!<rs. 

The followiug dispatcli confirms the 
rumor of the re-inforceiuent of Fort 
Piekeus : — 

MONTGOMKKV, April IT. 

To tbe Hon. H. A. Wi.se : 

By tlio authority of Hon. L. P. Walker, .^ec" 
retary of AVar, I liave to inform you for gen- 
eral publicity, that on last niglit the re-in- 
forcements were thrown into Fort Pickens 
by the government at Washington, in viola- 
tion of the convention existing between that 
government and this Confederacy. 

JOHN TYLER, Jr. 

The New York Post had the following 
dispatcli from Washington yesterday : — 

"The govennncnt will immediately 
fortify Maryland and the flights over- 
looking the 'Washington navy-yard. 

"Defensive works will also 'be erected 
on Virgiuia hill overlooking the Poto- 
mac river. 

'■ More troojis are wanted to carry out 
the measures for the defense of the 
capital. 

"Cassiiis M. t'lay raised a company 
last night. It numbers one Imndred and 
twenty men. 

"Senator Lane of Kansas has a com- 
pany of one hundred ami four men. It 
occupied the east room of tlie White 
house last night. 

" General Scott told Cassias M. Clay 
last night that the capital would be safe 
after to-day. He expects the arrival of 
re-inforcements in sufficient numbers to 
preclude all danger of seizure." 

The oath of allegiance to the United 
States is to be administered to all the 
New York policemen. The demand for 
large United States flags is so great that 
the i)rice is said to Itave advanced more 
than a hundred per cent. A sign painter 
has an American flag festooned over his 
doorway, bearing the following signifi- 
cant inscription : — 

"Colors warranted not to run." 

A spirit of patriotic devotion pervades 
all classes of the Empire City. A niun- 
ber of the members of the Seventh- 
street Methodist Episcopal diurch, com- 
posing the "Young Men's Christian 
Association '" of the church, have vol- 
unteered to serve their country in a 
military capacity. Even the l^uakers 
are aroused, as appears by the follow- 
ing from the Evening Post : — 

A Quaker inercliant in this city yes- 
terday said to one of his clerks : 

"Well, friend , is thee willing to 

enlist?" 

" I have thought of it," replied the 
clerk, " but hesitated, because I feared 
to lose my situation." 

"If thee will enlist," replied the 
Quaker, " not only shall tln'c liave thy 
situation, but thy salary shall go on 
while thee is absent. But if thee will 
not serve thy country, thee can not stay 
in this store." 

On all sides, says the Express, are 
heard the reports of patriotism among 
merchants, and by general consent, all 
clerks belonging to tlie military have 
their pay continued, and in many cases 
are told to draw for funds. There is no 
hesitation in any quarter. 



The followiug incident is related of 
Peter Hart, who was in Fort Sumter 
during the siege : — 

" Hart was an old soldier under Ander- 
son in Mexicf). When Mrs. Anderson 
visited Fort Sumter, Hart accompanied 
hi'r, by permission of the (kinfederatc 
authorities, on giving his parole not to 
fight, should he conclude to remain in 
the garrison. Wlien the bombardment 
commenced, the soldier mounted the 
parapet wall and shouted to tlie men : 
' Now, fire away, boys ; I can 't fight 
without breaking a soldier's word, but 
I '11 tell you where your shots strike, 
and where to look for danger." 

"Thus cons]iieuous]y a mark during 
the whole two days' bondjardment. Hart 
left the iiara]>et onlj- once, anil that was 
to climb the fiag-staft'to nail the colors 
to the peak, after the halliards had been 
.shot away." 

The artillery corps of tlie National 
Guard accompanied the Seventh regi- 
ment from \ew York yesterday, fully 
eijuiiiped witli their nuiuntain howitzers. 

The Evening Post relates the follow- 
iug incidents connected with the de- 
parture of the Providence Jlarine Artil- 
lery from New York : — 

" As an evidence of the feeling of the 
crowd who assembled to see them ofT, it 
may lie mentioned that on one of the 
company asking an orange-vender for 
some of the fruit, the crowd caught up 
the baskets in sight, paid for the 
oranges, and sent a perfect shower of 
them on board, which was caught by 
the men with great glee anil cheers. 
One of the men answered a man in the 
crowd that 'he did not know nor care 
where he was going, and only that he 
was going to fight; but if he got a sight 
at Twiggs, he would put a hall through 
liim if he could.' 

" They stood on the hurricane deck, 
and as the steamer loft the dock, one of 
the men stepped forward, pointing to 
the Stars and Stripes, and with a signifi- 
cant nod of the head, took of his liat 
and cheered. The whole com])an)' 
caught the enthusiasm, and the scene 
which followed was truly magnificent. 
They all rose to their feet, and cheer 
after cheer was sent up with a feeling 
that showed they were men who knew 
their duty and would perforin it. 

"One of the lieutenants, on being in- 
terrogated concerning their destination, 
replied, ' \Ve go with sealed orders and 
sealed lips.' Captain Tomkins stated 
they should go to Elizabethport, liut of 
their ultimate destination he was not at 
liberty to speak." 

A call has been issued in New York 
for the natives of Poland to form a 
legion to support the standard of free- 
dom. 

On the reading of the resolutions con- 
cerning privateering adopted by the New 
York Board of Trade yesterday, when 
the words in relation to "piracy '' were 
read, a gentlemen remarked, "That 
means hanging at the yard-arm I " 
[Cheers.] Another voice : " We are 
imanimous about that." [Renewed 
cheers.] 

In regard to Virgiuia, the New York 



Express has the following intelligence: 
" The seven members of tlie convention 
that voted against secession are reported 
to be, four from Western Virgiuia, three 
from the East. Three or four of them 
fled from Kichmoud secretly, and left 
their baggage behind. 

"'I'hr secret of the details of secession 
is thoroughly kept. As to 'the refer- 
ence to the jieople,' a case is now so 
created by the convention, that the peo- 
ple mxisl ' secede.' 

"The intelligence we liave from \'ir- 
ginia is, that western Virginia (now) 
will not be likely to jiarl from the East, 
but to go with the east ill secession. 
Governor Letcher is from the valley, 
and his course is preuioiiitorv of the 
mountain feeling." 

The New York Evenina Post's corre- 
spondent writes from VVashiugton : — 

"Mayor Addison, of (Jeorgetown, is 
a hearty Union man. He is out in a 
liroclamation, calling for volunteers to 
fight "the Keliels." We want more pub- 
lie men here of that sort. There are too 
many traitors here yet holding office 
under the goverument. Some of the 
leading property-holders here, according 
to the Star, are Secessionists. And yet 
it is a well-known f;ict that the Itebels 
would like to make a desert of Washing- 
ton, If an attack is ever made upon 
the city, it will be with batteries planted 
upon the Potomac hills. In such a eon- 
test, the iirivate dwellings here would 
be destroyed. 

" The race downward in Southern state 
stocks greatly mortifies the Rebels. 
They can not understand why it is that 
Ne\v York stocks are above par, and 
Virginia stocks fifty per cent, below'. It 
is claimed that an" attempt is made to 
run them down in New York! 'Why 
don't you Virginians buy them in your- 
selves, then T is the reply of loyal men 
here. Y'et this same Virginia talks 
loftily of controlling the course of the 
United States government ! 

"The aspect of this city is more and 
more warlike. Preparations for the ac- 
commodation of troops are beincj made 
on every hand. Volunteers in the city 
are ott'ering in large numbers, day by 
day. More troops are on duty at night 
than at any previous time. Barracks 
are being erected in many jilaces in dif- 
ferent jiarts of the city." 

The Commercial Advertiser correspon- 
dent says : — 

" The proclamation of Jeflerson Davis, 
in\'iting aid ' in private armed vessels on 
the high seas,' show's the foresight of 
General Scott, in securing possession 
of the fortifications at the Tortugas. 
AVith these a small naval force can keep 
the Gulf clear of jn-ivateers, and eft'ect- 
ually check the operations of those dis- 
posed to 'aid the government of the 
Southern Confederacy,' by extemporat- 
iiig privttteers. 

"The expedition which sailed from 
New Y'ork not long since, and which 
some confidently asserted was for the 
combined operations, by land and by 
water, against Fort Sumter, has ere this 
placed Fort Jefi'ersou in an almost iin- 
preguable state, and supplied its store- 



38 



INCIDENTS OF THE CI VII. WAR. 



liousos iiiid inagazincs. Witli such a 
rendezvous lor fiur coast-uuaril, priva- 
teers will liave Init little ehaiu-e ot es- 
cape; nor will the broad seal of the 
Soutliern Confederacy save their crews 
from hastily visiting yard-arms, to meet 
the fate of pirates. 

•'Volunteer troo])s are promised by 
thousands, but none liave as yet made 
their ap])earance, and the Secessionists 
liere are again exultant. It is very 
evident that the first struggle is to be in 
this vicinity, unless the Baltimoreans 
prevent the' passage of troops tlirougli 
theh- city, and great anxiety jirevails. 
Citizens "are taking their families into 
the country, and many of those having 
funds on deposit in the banks are with- 
drawing them in specie, to be i)repared 
for any emergency. 

"A military comjjany of Secessionists 
suddenly l<'ft' this city'last night, under 
tlie apiireliension that martial law was 
,al)out to lie proclaimed, and that they 
would be arrested and dealt with ac- 
cording to tlieir deserts." 

A private letter from New Orleans, 
dated April 12th, received in Xew York, 
states that no disj)atches in ci))her are 
allowed to l)e sent North over tlie wires ; 
and the jiapers announce that no dis- 
patches wliatever, in reference to mili- 
tary operations in the Confederate States, 
will be transmitted, except liy order of 
the |ii-opei- authorities. One of the local 
liapers says that JeH'erson Davis has 
made .a requisition on Louisiana for 
t liree thousand fighting men, and adds : — 

■'The system of enlistment lias been 
tried and jiroved a failure, and the vol- 
unteer companies of this city, it would 
seem, will have to step in the breach to 
till up_ the regular quota. This is un- 
e(|ual,'iinlair. and iinjust. Why should 
the parish of Orleans' bear all the brunt 
of the ]irecii)itate secession movement, 
Ixith in fighting men and money'? Those 
fire-eating secession parislies throughout 
the state, that took so active a jiart in 
the i)reciiiitate movement, should now 
sliow tlieir hands, .and furnish at least 
their ipiota of fighting material. Up to 
this moment we have not heard of a 
single parish in the state, outside the 
parish of Orleans, that has tendered a 
single com|iany, or a single man, to the 
Confederate army. If the city of New 
Orleans has to pay all the money and do 
all the lighting for the state, the sooner 
the citv separates from the state, the 
hetter."'' 



Kdvvaim) I*. W.M.I, ACE. of Salishury, 
wlio was tlie first to oiler thi' loan of 
.SIOO to the general governnienf. with- 
out interest, and whose patriotic letter 
to the Se(M-etary of the Treasury secured 
to him the tirst Treasury note issued by 
llie department, though disabled hy 
lameness from entering the army, oflei-s 
.■$7") of his earnings to tlie first volunteer 
from Salisbury who will make good his 
l)lace in the ranks. Wlien the war tirst 
broke out he gave SiKHI of his earnings 
(more than a <|uarler of all li<' had) to 
I he comp.aiiy raised in his town, lie is 
a noble icllow. 



Are Troops Going through Baltimore? 

We |iublished yesterday a jiortion of 
the report of Mayor Brown, of his inter- 
view with the President, in which he 
states that the President agreed to send 
no more troops througli that city if they 
could pass around it without lieing at- 
tacked. According to the Washington 
corri'spoudent of the New York Times, 
the President gave Mayor Brow n quite a 
dirt'erent answer. The writer says : — 

•'Mayor Brown, of Baltimore, arrived 
liere to-day by sjiecial train, and prii- 
ceeded to the VVhite House. What tran- 
spired there we can not learn with any 
certainty, but I understand, on what 
seems good authority, that the gover- 
nors of New York, Pennsylvania, Massa- 
chusetts, and Ohio telegrajjhed to Mayor 
Brown and to (ioverno'i- Ilicks, of Mary- 
land, notifying them that they intended 
to send ten thousand troops through Mary- 
land, for the protection of the Federal 
capital ; that if they are not molested, 
they will pass through witliout molest- 
ing or interfering with the rights of any 
private persons; but if their ]u-ogress is 
obstructed, on the other hand, they vnll 
reduce the city (f BaUiinore to ashes, for 
tliat the government of the I'nited States 
shall be maintained. 

" Mayor Brown accordingly came over 
here and appealed to the President to 
save the city of Baltimore, by counter- 
manding the order for the passage of 
troojis through Maryland. 

'•Tlie I'resident replied that if the gov- 
ernors aforesaid found it necessary to 
take such steps, in response to his call 
for troops, it was Maryland's question 
\\ hethor she would be loyal or not ; that 
it was lier question whether she liad 
obeyed the law and supported thi» gov- 
ernment, as she ought. As for himself, 
he should take no measures whatever to 
interfere loith the progress of troops from 
the Irjyal states to the. Federal capital, and 
issue no orders of countermand." 



S4)i:tii-side View. — A clergyman 
relates the following conversation as 
having occurred in Alabama not long 
since. The probabilities of the conflict 
were being discussed in a country hotel, 
and one and another exjiressed his 
views ]u-etty freely, when an apjieal 
was made to an old settler, as follows: 
" W(dl, old horse, wliat do you think ot 
it?" '■ I think we are to lie confound- 
edly whipped," said he. "The North 
have the constitution, a united feeling, 
jilenty of money, and God on tlieir side, 
and we have only a few cursed Span- 
iards in Cuba, no credit, and the devil 
on our side. Now I own slaves, and am 
with the South, but let me tell you, we 
are to be contoiiniledly whipped." 

SlTll nonsense as the following is 
telegraphed to the jiajiers at the South. 
We lind it in a Naslivill<' paper: — 

"lANClilU'iiC, .\]iril 1!>, ISfJI. Balti- 
more triiim))he(l. .Mass.achusetts Sev- 
enth regiment, commanded by B. F. 
I'.iitlcr. numbering near eight hundred, 
taken |irisoners. Cpward of one hun- 
dred killed. Only sixtei'u IJaltimoreans 
killed and woundeil." 



Christian Influences in the Camp. 

To the Ectilor of Ilostoii .Journal : 

Tlie l!ev. B. F. I>e Costa, Episcopal clergy- 
man r>r Cliarlestown, Mass., acconipaiiies tlie 
Fiftli rei^inient as chaplain. 

In connection with this fact, permit me to 
call llie attention of Cliristians of all ilenom- 
inations to the importance of (-ic)infj tlieir 
duty at this time, by surrounding our soldiers 
with all Christian influences. One of the 
greatest calamities of war is the demorali- 
zation of tlie camp, the vice and profligacy 
that follow in the train of armies. AVe must 
combat this evil by all means in our power. 
AVe would have our sons and our brothers 
return to us unstained in character, pure in 
heart as we know they will prove themselves 
brave in spirit. 

If, then, Episcopalians and other Christ- 
ians will send contributions of money, billies, 
prayer-books, and suitable rcligious'publica- 
tioiis to the liook-store of E. P. Dutton, Esq., 
IIKJ Washington street, Mr. Dutton will clieer- 
fulty take charge of them ; and the writer of 
thi.s coimnunicatioii will see tliat the money 
is properly expended and tlie books for- 
warded to Key. Mr. De Costa, who will see to 
their distribution in his own regiment and 
among the other corps. Prayer-books of the 
Protestant Episcopal church are particularlj' 
suited to the camp, affording means of regu- 
lar public worship with ov without the pres- 
ence of a chaplain. 

Hev. S. Uusselt .Jones, rector of ^t. .James 
church, Greenlield, is ehaplain ot the Tenth 
regiment, and will accompany that corps if 
called into service. ' I!. 



Attacl CD Massaclmselts Trooiis. 

Glorious Bearing of the Troops. 

THE BODIES OF THE DEAD TO BE SENT TO 



The Eighth Regiment at Philadelphia. 



COMMONWEATjTH of MASSACHUSETTS. 
OFFICHL. 
EXEOUTIVK DEP.\RTMENT, ( 

BOSTON', April 20 — 1 ::!0 o'clock a. m. ( 

I am directed by His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor and Conimander-in-Cbief to warn the 
public .against giving too ready credence to 
nnautbciitic reports concerning the military 
movements now in progress. 

To relieve as far as possible the public ap- 
prehension, I .am directed to communicate 
the intelligence received at head-quarters, up 
to this liour, concerning the advance of the 
IMassiichusetts troops towards the national 
capital. 

ISrigadier-gcneral Butler was telegraphed 
from head-quarters yesterday at G:30 o'clock 
V. M. His first repl.v was received at S::M 
o'clock, conveying in substance the intelli- 
gence of his own arrival with the comnianil 
of Colonel Monroe at Philadelphia at about 
7 o'clock, and contirming the rumor ttiat 
Colonel .Jones had been attacked in the 
streets of Baltimore. An interruption of the 
telegraph temporarily susiiended communi- 
cation between Phila"del]iliia and Baltimoi'e 
— the wires having been cut. Hiilicultics of 
transportation arising from the public excite- 
ment were delaying Cencral IJutlcr and Colo- 
nel Jlonroe at I'hiladelphia. 

After 11 o'clock the second telegram was re- 
ceived from General Butler in these words : — 

" To Governor Andrew : I have reason to be- 
lieve that Colonel .Jones has gone through to 
Washington. Two killed <inly of tile Massa- 
chusetts men. We sliall go through at once. 
The road is torn up tlirougli Balliniore. Will 
telegraph again. B. F. Bctleu, 

" Brigadier-general." 

This dispatch was foUoweil by a third, re- 
ceived at 11:30 o'clock, in tlie following 
words : — 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



39 



" To G(yvernor Andrew: Colonel Jones has 
gone through to Washington with his troops. 
Pennsylvaniatroops ilriven back. These were 
unarmetl. Eight killed, and four wounded, 
only two of whom were of Massachusetts 
troops. This is reliable. I will telegraph 
again, hut shall not be able to get ready as 
soon as I hoped. B. V. BuTi.f;K, 

" Brigadier-general." 

No direct information has been obtained ,at 
head-qnartcra from Colonel Jones personally, 
but uniler the intelligence received, no doubt 
is entertained that liis command gallantly 
forced a passage through the city of Balti- 
more, nor of its arrival in good order and 
line spirits in tlie advanced guard of the na- 
tional militia at the capital of the Union. 

Cordially and deeply sympathizing witli 
the families bereaved by the loss of the brave 
jnen fallen in this heroic e-\pcdition, the Gov- 
ernor recognizes tlie parallel the day and the 
event suggest with the I'.ith of April, 1773, and 
the imluortal memories which cluster around 
tlie men of Lexington and Concord. 

A. G. BROWNE, Jk., Private Secretary. 

POSTSCRIPT. 

2:30 o'clock A. M. 

A fourth dispatch from Brigadier-general 
Butler, received at this hour, eonlirins the 
previous report that but two Massachusetts 
soldiers were killed, one of them by a piece 
of iron thrown from a foundry; and it states 
that most of the wounded have .arrived at 
Washington with their comrades, from which 
the inference must be that their wounds are 
not dangerous. 

General Butler telegraphs also of our men : 
** Troops fought manfully. No man offered to 
run. They bore the attack with the utmost 
patience, until prominent citizens of Balti- 
more told them to Are. They did so. Part of 
the mob responded with fire. The rest scat- 
tered. All have arrived at Washington ex- 
cept six injured, who are well eared for at 
Baltimore." 

His P^xeellency the Governor has sent the 
following dispatch to the Mayor of Balti- 
more : — 

"I pray you to cause the bodies of our 
Massacliiisctts soldiers dead in Baltimore to 
be ininuMliately laid out, preserved with ice, 
and tenderly sent forward by express to me. 
All expense will be paid by this common- 
wealth. Jonx A. Andkew, 

" Governor of Massachusetts." 

Colonel Munroe's command, at the time of 
the last dispatch from General Butler, was 
still detained at Philadelphia. 

A. G. BROWNE, Jk., Private Secretary- 



A FIGHT AT BALTIMORE. 



MassacMiseUs Troops AtfacJced. 



THE TROOPS VICTORIOUS. 



A Portion t>f tlie Regiment Left Helihul. 



LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED. 



Lieutenant Sawtell's Brave Defense 
OF THE Colors.* 



Washington, April 19. It is cer- 
tain tliat tlie Ma.ssachu.setts regiment 
was attacked in Baltimore, aud tired ou 
by their assailants in Pratt street. 
.Showers of paving-stones rained on 
their heads. They are on way here. It 
is certain that Harper's Ferry was 
burned up, and the arms destroyed by 

* N< »TE- The colors were carried by Timothy 
Crowley, the standard-bearer of the'regiment, 
afterwards captain of Co. F, Thirtieth Massa- 
chusetts regiment; died Oct. .5, 1862. 



Captain .J(nies, who has retn'ated to 
Carlisle. 

The sixth regiment has arrived, leav- 
ing one hundred men, with the band, 
at Baltimore. In the tight, two soldiers 
were killed, and sixteen wounded. 

•SECOND DISPATCH. 

On examination of the Sixth regiment, 
it is found that there are not a great 
many men left at Baltimore. The com- 
panies had got mixed tip in the striiggh'to 
get through the crowd and into the cars. 

There is great rejoicing over the tele- 
graphic dispatch that ('aptain Dyke is 
only wounded. He is in good hands. 

It is thought that David Stevens, of 
Lowell, and Private AVhitney, of Lowell, 
are killed: proliably no others. The 
wounded are: John '1'. Swelt, Co. A, 
Lowell: Lieut. J. F. Rowe, .lames Whit- 
taker, Sidney Collins, Daniel Broun, 
D. S. Moody, W. G. Butterlleld, John 
Foster, S. S. Johnson, J. W. Pennell, 
Heury Dyke, of Stoneham; Lieutenant 
Craig, C. H. Chanrller, Hugh Mehitn, 
William F. Withington, .lames Winn, 
Charles Stimson, DaN id .V. ILuu, Wil- 
liam II. Lawson, of Co. D, Lowell; 
Edwin C. Heath, I). Ingress, Co. 1, 
Lawrence. Alonzo Joy shot ofl' two 
fingers while loatling. 

The report from the Surgeon's in- 
tirmary is to the eft'ect that none of 
these are ilangerotisly wounded. 

It will lie noticed that the Stoneham 
and Lowell companies were in the 
thickest of the fight. 

The mob endea\ored to seize the 
colors, which were bravely defended 
by Sergeant Sawtell.* Colonel Jones 
;iud his officers anil men are in good 
spirits, ready for service. 

Keliable allvices from Harper's Ferry 
state that the Virginia troops are in pos- 
session. The Xew York reporters were 
not allowed to remain. — [Bost. Journal. 

Baltimore, April 19. A terrilile 
scene here. The Pratt-street track torn 
up. 'J'he troops attempted to march 
through, but were attacketl by ;i mob 
with bricks and stones, aud fired uiiou. 

They returned the fire. Two men arc 
killeil,' and several wounded. The fight 
is now going on. Awful scene. 

SECOND DISPATCH. 

Baltimore, April 19. Can not say 
certain wiuit portion of the troops w'cre 
tittacked. They bore a white flag its 
they niiirched u]i Pratt street, but were 
greeted with showers of paving stones. 
The ilayor went ahead with the police. 

There was an immense crowd, and 
the streets were blocked. The soldiers 
fintilly turned and fired on the mob. 
Several of the wounded liave just been 
carried up the streets in carts. It is 
reported that ther^ was dreadful work 
at the depot. 

THIRD DISPATCH. 

Baltimore, April 19. The mob 
rushed to the Guard's armory for arms. 
Two of the troops were killed, and ten 
more reported killed. 



FOURTH DISPATCH. 

At the Washington ilepof an immense 
crowd assembled. The rioters attacked 
the troops at the depot. Several of the 
latter were wounded; some ftitally. 
There are said to be four of the troops 
killed, and four of the rioters killed. 

The city is in tremendous excitement. 
Martial law has been jiroclainied, and the 
military are rushing to their armories. 
Civil war has commeneed. The rail- 
road track is said to be torn up outside 
of the city. Parties threaten to <lestroy 
Pratt-street bridge. As the military 
ptissed along Pratt street a iierfect 
show er of stones rained cm their heads. 
The cars have left for Washington, be- 
ing stoned as they left. 

FIFTH DISPATCH. 

It was the Massachusetts regiment 
that was attacked, tind they have 
marched through. Three of the mob 
are known to be dead: also three sol- 
diers, and many wounded. The stores 
are closing. The military are rajddly 
forming. 

SIXTH DISPATCH. 

Aft'airs are getting serious. Before 
all the cars got through, crowds assem- 
bled at various points and commenced 
obstructing the road. Reports now are 
current that the mob is tearing up the 
track. It is understood that only a por- 
tion of the troops have gone through. 

SEVENTH DISPATCH. 

Baltimore, April 19 — p. m. A tow n- 
ineetiug was called at 4 o'clock. It is 
said twelve lives were lost, and several 
mortally wounded. Parties were .roam- 
ing the streets, armed with guns and 
pistols. Stores closed and business sus- 
pended. Every body in a state of dread. 
A party of the' mob "rushed into the tele- 
graph office and cut the wh'cs with a 
hatrhet, but they have since been re- 
paired. 

New York, April 19. Private des- 
patches from Baltimore state that the 
position of the loyal citizens was very 
critical. 

A dispatch says: "We hope the 
Nortli will stand' by us, aud in their 
forced jiassage through our city to the 
Capitol, remember that there are many 
true men. Our police and many of our 
military companies openly defy the gov- 
ernment. 

Baltimore, April 19. R. W. Davis, 
of this city, was shot dead near the 
Camden station. 

It is reported that the Philadeljihians 
are now at the outer depot. The presi- 
dent of the road ordered the train back, 
at the urgent request of the Mayor and 
Governor. They are already oft". 

John McCanh, P. Griffin, and G. 
Xeedhain, three citizens, are mortally 
wounded. Four of the JIassachusetts 
troops were killed, and several wounded. 
It is impossible to learn their names. 

Baltimore, April 19. The town- 
meeting in jSIonument square this tifter- 
uoon was attended by an immense crowd. 
The state flag was hoisted. Mayor 



40 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Brown s;ii(l he was opposed to tlie call 
of tlie Pi-fsideiit in sjiirit and object, 
but as ^larylnnd was still in the Union 
he had exerted hiiiiselt to his utmost 
ability to i)rotert the passage of troops 
through the city. He, liowever, felt 
that this should" not be, and had tele- 
graphed to the President, urging that no 
more troops be sent through. 

Governor Ilieks was sent for and said 
he was ojjposed to secession, but the 
right of revolution could not bedisi)uted. 
It was folly to attempt to subjugate the 
Soutli, and' he hoped the Xorth and the 
administration would see the impracti- 
cability of doing so. He was still de- 
voted to the I'nion, and h0])ed to see a re- 
construction of it [shouts, "No, never"]. 
The Governor replied that he sliould 
bow to the decision of the ])eople. 
.■^IK'eches were made by Messrs. 'I'eakle, 
Wallis, "W . ( '. Preston, and others, justi- 
fying the people of Baltimore, anil de- 
clariiig that no Northern troops should 
invade their soil to subjugate and make 
war ou their brethren of the .South. 
The speakers counseled peace, and 
urged that the laws lie respected and 
obeyeil. 

All is (piict to-night. The military 
and police eoiubiueil guard the city. 
The streets are comparatividy deserted. 
Here and there are small knots of peo- 
ple, discussing tlie events of the day. 

Correct list of the killed and wounded, 
so far as known: Military — \\(iunded, 
(Sergeant Ames, of the Lowidl (.'ity 
Guard, slightly; Private CoUum, of the 
same place, shot in the head, not fatal; 
Private Michael Green, of [.awreuce, 
slightl}'; S. H. Needham, skull frac- 
tured ; another, name uidiuown at the 
inlirmary, badly wounded. 

Ames and Colhim to-night were taken 
to a private house, where they will re- 
ceive the best attentions. H. ^\'. Dan- 
forth and Edward Cooper were shot in 
the thigh. 

Two Massachusetts nu'ii dead, "as be- 
fore rei)orted; their names not ascer- 
tained. 

Citizens killed — John McGhan, Sebas- 
ti.-iH (4ies, Patrick Clark, B. Thomas 
Jliles, William C. Maloney, W. Peed, 
and Mr. Downs. \Vounded — Patrick 
(Iriltiii. fatally, others unknown. 

The Pliilaileljibians, who weie une- 
({uiliped and unarmed, remained in the 
last ear at the station. They were as- 
saiill,ed with stoni's and other missiles, 
and some were slightly wounded. 'J'he 
train was taken back, but <|nite a num- 
ber escaped to the city, an(l h.'iving no 
uniform were umccognized. 

The rejiorted dilliculty on {\w road 
between liere and Washington is incor- 
rect. It is understood that all the 
troops reached Washington safely, ex- 
ce]it the Philadelphiaus, who were taken 
back. 

At the meeting, the Mayor announced 
that the presidents id' the railroads had 
liromised they would bring no more 
troop this way. 

As far as ascertained, oidy two Massa- 
chusetts soldiers were killed. They be- 
longed to Co. C. Their bodies are now 
at the police-station. .\t the same sta- 



tion are the following, wounded: Ser- 
gi'aiit Ames, of the Lowell City Guards, 
wounded on the head, not seriously; 
I'rivate Michael tireen, of Lawrence, 
wounded on the head with stones; H, 
W. Danforth, Co. C, Sixth regiment, 
slightly wounded. 

As far as known, seven citizens were 
killed, including Mr. Davis (before men- 
tioned) and James Clark. A half dozen 
or so are seriously wounded, but be- 
lieved not fatally. Comparative quiet 
now prevails. 'I'he military are under 
arms. The police are out in full force. 
The mass-meeting was very large. It 
was addressed by the Mayor, and the 
Governor was present. 

[The fiillowing is the best aecovmt of 
the Baltimore riot we can give: — ] 

At the Presiilent-street di'pot of the 
Philadelphia railroad a large crowd as- 
si'uililed, in anticiiiatiou of the arrival 
of a large nundier of troojjs from New 
York and ^lassachusetts. Shortly after 
It o'clock, the train from Philadeliihia, 
comprising twenty-nine cars, arrived at 
the dejiot. Without disembarking the 
soldiers from the train, the general cars 
had horses attached, and about nine 
were drawn along Pratt street to the 
Camden station, the tirst six without 
creating any marlied objection. For 
some reason, the horses attached to the 
seventh car became restive, and were 
taken from the car at the Pratt-street 
bridge, and the car moved without 
their aid to within a short distance of 
Gay street, between Gay and Frederick 
streets. A number of laborers were en- 
gagixl in re|)airing the bed of the street, 
:inil just at the moment the car reached 
Gay street they were engaged in remov- 
ing the cobble-stones from the jirincipal 
portion of the street. Some thirty or 
forty men assend)led at this point, 
liaving followed the car from the depot, 
and with cheers for Davis and the Con- 
federacy hurled bitter taunts at the 
"Northern Black Uepublicans,"" as they 
termed them. 

This continued for several minutes, 
when as the horses were again attached 
and the car moved olf, it was proi)osed 
to stone it. Before the car had gone 
twenty yards almost every window 
therein was broken, and a portion of 
the crowd followed, hurling paving- 
stones. 

The eighth car was treated in the 
same manner, but the ninth car, ajipar- 
ently being emjity, or at least no person 
being visible, escaped witli only one 
stone. The crowd exulted in their 
work, exclaiming that " Black Repub- 
licans should" not [lass through Mary- 
land. 

.V lajisc of tive minutes succeeded, a 
number of respectable persons mean- 
while urging the crowd to tear up the 
trai-k. A ft i-r the first triiin passed, one 
was observed on the Pratt-street bridge, 
when anchors were dragged on the track 
at the corner of Gay street, and part of 
the track taken uj). Observing this, the 
cars were turned back to President- 
street depot, and the troops disembarked 
and ]U'<'pareil to march through the 
streets. Mayor I'.rowii with a number 



of police appeared at their head and led 
the way. They came away at a brisk 
pace, and when they reached Center- 
market sjiace an immense concourse of 
l^eople closed in behind them and com- 
menced stoning them. When they 
reached Gay street, where the track 
had been taken up, a large crowd of 
men armed with paving-stones showered 
them on their heads with such force 
that several of them were knocked down 
in the ranks. After lying a few minutes 
they crowded into the stores on Pratt 
street. 

At the corner of South and Pratt 
streets a man fired a pistol into the 
ranks of the militia, when those in the 
rear ranks immediately wheeled and 
tu-ed upiin their assailants, and several 
were wounded. The guns of the sol- 
diers that had fallen wounded were 
seized and tired upon the ranks with 
fatal effect. In two or three instances, 
after they reached Calvert street, the 
troops succeeded in checking their pur- 
suers by* rapid tire, whicli brought down 
two or three, and were not much mo- 
lested until they reached Howard street, 
where another large crowd was assem- 
bled. Some stones were thrown at 
them, but their gnus were not loaded, 
and they passed on through a dense 
crowd (low n Howard street towards the 
depot. 

The scene on Pratt street w;is of a 
most startling character. The wounded 
soldiers, three in number, were taken 
uj) carefully and carried to places of 
safety by citizens. Along th(> street at 
the Camden station, where trains leave 
for Washington, there was assembled a 
large detachnuMit of police under direc- 
tion of Marshal Kane. 

It soon ajipeared that orders were 
given to clear the tracks near the main 
depot building. This was done, and 
soon after a large passenger-car of the 
Philadelphia railroad came up at a rapid 
rate, tilled with soldiers. This car was 
soon followed liy about sixteen more, 
all occui)ied by troops. Upon inquiry 
it was asceitained they consisted of the 
Sixth regiment of JIassachusetts infan- 
try, in all eleven comiianies, with an 
aggregate of eight hundred and sixty 
men. 

As soon as the train arrived, some of 
the troops were compidled to change 
ears, when they were hooted at by the 
crowd, which made no overt act. Sev- 
eral young men appeared at one of the 
cars and displayed revolvers, whereupon 
the ca)itain of one of the companies 
drew his sword and declared he would 
protect his men. Many expected the 
train would start immediately, but it 
did not move until 12 :;iO o'clock, a delay 
being occasioned by the fact that Presi- 
dent Garrett had received information 
that a large crowd of excited men had 
determined to tear up the track ami 
blow up the bridges, and thereby pre- 
vent the ]iassage of the train. 

In a few ndnutes after the train left, 
a disch.irge of tire-arms attracted the 
attention of the crowd to the corner of 
Pratt and Howard streets, where a body 
of infantrv from one of the Northern 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



41 



states, about one hundred and fifty 
strong, was seen rapidly approaching 
the depot, and no doubt anxious to 
reach the cars. 

Tlie exeitenieut was beyond descrip- 
tion, and a man displaying a Hag of the 
Confederate States seemed to he tlie ral- 
lying point fur the people. Some as- 
saulted the infantry with stones, when 
a number of the latter discharged their 
muskets. At least twenty shots were 
fired, but as far as learned no person 
was injured. There seemed to be but 
little discipline among the troops, espe- 
cially as they rushed along pell-mell. 

Wiiilst thej' were entering the cars a 
crowd of young men gave them several 
vollej'S of bricks and stones, some of 
which demolished a car window, where- 
upon three or four muskets were jjointed 
through the car windows and fired, but 
no one was injured. Whilst this body 
was passing near the corner of Pratt 
and Charles streets they got in collision 
with the crowd, and firing took iilace. 
One of the soldiers, named Itobins, of 
the company from "Stouiugtou, Conn." 
[Stoneham], is supposed to be mortally 
wounded. Jle was woundi'd in the back 
part of his li<'ad and fell to the ground. 

The train with the second detachment 
left at 1 : 1.5 o'clock. 

Tliere, are rumors of an intended at- 
tack <.)U Fort McHenry. 

Baltimohe, April 19. A crowd broke 
into the warehouse of Paterson & W'al- 
fert, on Long dock, this evening, and 
took therefrom tour hundred rifles and 
swords. Squads are parading the streets, 
full}- armed, on the lookout for military 
from the North expected to-night. 
Have just heard that the Pennsylvania 
volunteers and the Si'Venth New York 
regiment are coming. Fear there will 
be bloody work. — Boston Journal. 



BURNING or HAMPER'S rrm ARSENAL 



Gallant Conduct of Lieutenant Jones. 



15,000 Stands of Arms Destroyed. 



A FORCED MARCH. 



Caki.isle, Pa., April 19. Lieutenant 
Jones, late in connnand of Harper's 
Ferry, arrived with his coumiand, foitj-- 
three men, .at 3 o'clock this afternoon. 
The lieutenant having been advised that 
a force of twentj'-five thousand troops 
were ordered by the governor to take 
possession of Harper's Ferry, and find- 
ing his position untenable, under the 
direction of the War department he 
destroyed all the nuniitions of war, the 
armory, arsenal, and buildings. 

He withdrew his command under 
cover of night, and almost in the 
presence of twenty-five hundred troops. 
He lost tliree men. Fifteen thousand 



stands of arms were destroyed. His 
command made a forced march of thirty 
miles last night, from Harper's Ferry to 
Hagarstown, Md. They look much 
worn and fatigued. They were enthusi- 
astically received by the entire popula- 
tion of this place. 

Lieutenant J(mes states that, hearing 
yesterday that six hundred Virginians 
were approaching by the Winchester 
road, they put piles of jiowder straw in 
all the Iiuildings, and quietly waited 
their ai>proach. The picket guard gave 
the alarm, and the garrison set fire to 
the out-houses, carpenters' shops, and 
jiowder houses, and began a retreat. 

Citizens of Harj)er's Ferry, evidently 
in league with the party advancing to 
seize the arsenal, were instantly in arms 
and pursued, and firing upon them killed 
two of the regulars. Two others de- 
serted before tlie troops reached Hagars- 
town. They marched all niglit, having 
missed the railroad train. At Hagars- 
town they took oumibuses to ( 'liambers- 
burgh, where they arrived nuicli ex- 
hausted with their night march. J'hey 
^^•ere received with loud cheers along 
their route to Carlisle. 



The Baltimore Riot. 

Slatfiufiit of 1{. I". Winn, Drnui lMa.ii>r of 
the Sixth Kejyinient. 

When the Sixth regiment arrived at 
Baltimore there were evident signs of 
riot among the citizens; there was a 
reversion of the troops, so that the right 
was placed on the extreme left, with 
the excej)tion of tlie statt'. 'I'he i-ailroad 
company undertook to take from the 
lower depot in Baltimore to the Wash- 
ington depot the troops in detached por- 
tions of the train bj' horse-power; when 
they had carried over all excejit Co. D, 
City Guards, of Lowell, and Captain 
Dike's connnand, of Stoneham. and Cap- 
tain Sami)Son's Boston company, the mob 
next (after the horses came down to be 
attached to the cars) conmienced tear- 
ing uj) the rails and laying big anchors 
on the railroad and piles of lumber, for 
the purpose of cutting ott' the above- 
named compaiues. 

These lonqianies seeing the communi- 
cation cut off from their comrades left 
the cars and formed in line, conmianded 
by Adjutant Farr, and the order for 
march was given. Then the mob, after 
they had marched jirobably twenty or 
thirty feet, proceeded in front with a 
Secession flag and connnenced cheering 
for Jeft'. Davis and South Carolina, and 
groaning for Lincoln and lugger-stealers 
of the North — Massachusetts in par- 
ticular; and at this point the crowd was 
so dense that the soldiers were tem- 
porarily stopiied. They then used all 
gentle eftbrts to pass through the mob. 
Their progress was slow through the 
mob, and at the first turning to the left 
from the depot the troops wheeled into 
that street. Immediately after entering 
this street, an iron missile ■s^as thrown 
from a building, which instantly killed 
one of Captain Dyke's command, strik- 
ing him on the head; don't know his 



name. I saw the iron thrown, but the 
crowd was so dense that I didn't see it 
strike, hut afterward conversed with a 
l)oliceinan who took care of the body. 

Innnediately after this one of the sol- 
dier's guns was snatched from his hand, 
and he instantly shot with his own gun; 
then (I think " without an order) the 
troops began to fire upon the mob, and 
at the first fire many were killeil; the 
firing then became general, but from 
what troops, can not say, the mol) using 
liistols freely with all kinds of missiles, 
making frequent attempts to get away 
the guns from our men by overpower- 
ing them, anil from this point I know 
but little more; but it is well known 
that the soldiers behaved like men and 
fought their way through to Washing- 
ton deiKit. 'I'he band was not ordered 
out of the car, and were left at tlie 
lower depot with six hundred volunteers 
from Philadelphia, who had verv few 
arms. After the first shot into the mob 
by our men, the mob thought they 
would liax'e better game by attacking 
the unarmed men who were in the cars. 
They accordingly attacked the Pennsyl- 
vania volunteers anil the band by throw- 
ing all sorts of missiles, breaking the 
windows and doors. Many of the volun- 
ti'crs rushed from the cars only to be 
worse treate<l in the streets. 

The band were then attacked furi- 
ously. Finding the cars no pl.aee for 
their safety, they left the car, attempt- 
ing to save their pro]ierty in the move, 
but were more furiously attacked in the 
street, were stoned, maltreated, and 
clothes torn ott', instrumeuts destroyed, 
and they driven in various directions, 
each one sujiposing that the others were 
killed, and were onlv saved by the kind- 
ness of a friendly policeman and some 
ladies. Through tlie kindness of the 
])olice a train of cars was furnished for 
the band and such others as wished to 
return, all further southern passage be- 
ing lU-evented. We were then at 7 
o'clock, V. Ji., Friday, taken to the cars 
l)reviously jirovided for us, ])rotccted by 
a large pcdice force in a very cautious 
manner, and even that did not protect us 
from insolent language ; and a few 
stones were hurled at the cars while the 
l)olice were ju'otecting us. We then 
went to Havre de Grace, and there we 
lay without lights or fire imtil day- 
light, Sattu'day morning, sufl'ering nmch 
from cold and bruises, having lost our 
overcoats and blankets, and all our pro- 
visions. We then proceeded to Phila- 
delphia, where we received our orders 
from General Butler to return home. 

Statement of ^'icto^ l.orendo. 

The drummer of the Stoneham Light 
Infantry, a French lad named Victor 
Lorendo, who was with the company in 
the riot at Baltimore, has arrived home. 
He was separated from the company 
dtn-ing the riot, and was obliged to 
throw away his overcoat and tear the 
stripes from his pantaloons, in order to 
escape destruction by the mob. lie suc- 
ceeded in getting on board a steamer for 
New York, iind obtained a free jiassage 
North. 



G 



42 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Account of an Kyc-witncss. 

Throufili tlif courtesy of an cyf-wil- 
uess of till' (listm-hain'O iu Baltimore, 
upon the occasion of tlie passage of the 
Massacliiisetts volunteers, we are ena- 
bled to give a reliable account of what 
actually occurred, and at the same time 
correct a false impression in regard tf) 
the nmnber of troops engaged in con- 
flict « ith the Secession mob. 

It aii))ears that the Massachusetts 
regiment occupied ele^•eu cars, and ar- 
rived safely and in excellent s|)irits at 
Baltimore. There was no demonstra- 
tion made upon tlieir arrival, and the 
cars were permitted to leave the depot 
with the troops still on hoard. The cars 
proceeded quietly through the streets of 
Baltimore, on their way to the depot at 
the other side of tlie tow n, and the fears 
expresseil by some of the citizens that 
an attack would be made were some- 
what allayeil. But they had not pro- 
ceeded more than a couple of blocks be- 
fore the crowd became so dense tliat the 
horses attaclied to each were scarcely 
able to push tlieir way through. 

At this |ioint the mob began hooting 
and yelling frightfully, and loud threats 
were uttered against the military. The 
troops, liowever, maintained a strict re- 
serve, neither showing themselves U(jr 
replying to the insults so plentifully 
hea|)ed ujion them. The crowd, tindiug 
that they c<iul<l not thus exasperate the 
vcduuteiM's, conmK'nced throw ing stones, 
brickbats, and missiles, and eventiuilly 
tearing up the pavements, and hurling 
tliem in a jjerfect shower iigaiust the 
cars, smashing the windows, severely 
wounding many of the troops. How- 
ever, the tirst nine cars succeeded in 
reaching the depot, and de|)arted for 
VVashingt(Ui. The remaining two cars of 
the train contaiinng about one hundred 
men wi're eiit off from the main body, and 
the men found themselves encompassed 
by an infuriated mob of over eight thou- 
sand. These isolated cars were immeili- 
ately attacked, and several of the soldiers 
had their muskets snatched from them. 
At this moment news came that the 
I'hilailelphia volunteers had arrived, 
and the report excited the mob to a 
fearful degree. 

Tlie Massachusetts men, liudiug the 
cars untenable, alighted and formi-d a 
soliil scpiare, advancing with lixed liayo- 
uels iiiioii ;ill sides in double-(|uick time, 
.'ill the while sui'nuinded liy tlii" mob, — 
now swelled to the number of at least 
ten thousand, — yelling and hooting. 
The military behaved admirably, and 
still abstained from tiring ujion their 
assailaiils. 

The mob now (•oiiiiiienced throwing a 
])erfect shower of missiles, occasionally 
varied by a raiidoin shot from a revolver 
or one of the innskels taken from the 
sobliiTs. The poor fellows suffered 
severely from the immense quantity 
of stones, oysters, brickbats, paving 
stones, etc., the shots fired also wound- 
ing several. When two of the soldiers 
had been killed, and the woumled had 
been conveyed to the center of the col- 
uiiui, (he troops at last, exasperated and 
maddened bv the treatment they had 



received, commenced returning the fire 
singly, killing several, and wounding a 
large number of the rioters; l)ut at no 
one time did a single platoon fire in a 
volley. Our informant is positive upon 
this point. 

Tile volunteers, after a (irotraeted .-ind 
severe struggle, at last succeeded in 
reaching the dejiot, bearing with them 
in triumph their killed and wounded, 
and immediately embarkeil. The scene 
is descrilii'd in glowing terms by our in- 
formant, w ho says that the calm courage 
and heroic bearing of the troops sjioke 
volumes for the sons of Massachusetts, 
who. though marching under a tire of 
the most embarrassing description, and 
opposed to overwhelming odds, ne\er- 
theless succeeded in accomjilishing their 
purjiose, and effected a passage through 
crowded streets a distance of over a 
mile — ;i feat not easily accomplished by 
a body of less than one hundred men 
when opposed to such terrific odds. — 
[New York Times. 



THE ATTACK ON THE MAS- 
SACHUSETTS THOOPS. 

Interesting Statements. 



JlKETiN(t IN Newmarket, N. H. — A 
correspondent gives an account of a 
spirited meeting in Newmarket, N. H., 
on the evi'iiing of 17th inst. Pr. George 
\V. Kittredge. a ])roniineiit leader of the 
Democratic party in New Hampshire, 
and formerly a member of Congress, 
was called upon to preside, and made 
a patriotic speech of the true stamp. 
A correspondent gives the following 
sketch of his remarks : 

"He said that of all men, the Demo- 
cratic were under the strongest obliga- 
tion to act for the country. The South 
had relied on the co-operation of the 
Northern Democrats in their treason ; 
that they would be ready to strike for 
treason. But he thanked God that the 
Democi-ats were in a position, acting 
from a high iiatriotism, to cast aside 
their party pn-juilice and teach the 
Southern traitors that the North was a 
unit — but one party, and that party 
would tight for the government and 
constitution of the fathers. Traitors 
had fired upon the Stars and Stripes — 
disgraced our flag. By that act we 
were equally disgraced. He knew there 
were some who showed a disposition to 
betray their country, but we would give 
them hemp first, and then rescue our 
country from its jieril." 

\Vr-: observe that Senator Lane, of 
Kansas, the antii)odes of his Oregon 
namesake, is prejiaring to face disunion- 
ists, as he did the Border Kuffians, when 
the latter stopped long enough to get a 
sight of his face. AVe have not re- 
garded Mr. Iian(^ as likely to make a 
niodid Senatiu', but for certain kinds of 
service to his country, he is equal to 
forty ordinary Senators. 

'I'liic Seniors at Harvard disjilayed a 
transparency in front of Holworthy, on 
Mouilay evening, with the words: "The 
Constitution and the Enforcement of 
the Kaws is our IMatforni " : reverse, 
'• Harvard for War! "" Fire-works were 
let oil', and a large crowcl of the various 
classes gave enthusiastic cheers for the 
rnioii and the cimslitution. 



The Lowell Courier publishes a letter 
from Captain Follansbee, of the Lowell 
Phalanx, who commanded the compa- 
nies exposed to the fury of the Balti- 
more mob. We copy the letter entire : — 

"We arrived in Baltimore about 10 
o'clock, A. M. The cars are drawn 
through the city by horses. There were 
about tliirty ears in our train, there 
being in addition to Colonel .Tones' com- 
mand, about one thousand two hundreil 
troops from Philadelphia, without uni- 
forms or arms, they intending to get 
them liere. After we arrived the cars 
were taken, tw o at a time, and draw n to 
the depot at the lower part of the city, 
a mob assaulting them all the way. The 
Lowell Mechanic Phalanx car was the 
ninth; and we waited till after the rest 
had left for our ttu'n. till two men came 
to me and informeil me that I had better 
take my command and march to the 
other depot, as the mob had taken up 
the track to prevent the iiassage of the 
cars. I immediatelj- informed Captain 
Pickering, of the Lawrence Light In- 
fantry, and we filed out of the cars iu 
regular order. Captain Hart's company, 
of Lowell, and Captain Dike's, of Stone- 
ham, did the same, and formed in a line 
on the sidewalk. The captains con- 
sulted together, and decided that the 
command should devolve upon me. I 
immediately took my position at the 
right, wheeled into column of sections, 
and requested them to march in close 
order. Before we had started, the mob 
was upon us, with a Secession flag at- 
tached to a fiole, and told us we never 
could march through that city ; they 
would kill every 'white nigger' of us 
before we could reach the other depot. 
I paid no attention to them, but after I 
had wheeled the battalion, gave the 
order to march. 

" ,\s soon as the order was gi\eu, the 
brickliats began to fly into our ranks from 
the mob. I called a iiidiceman, and re- 
quested him to lead the way to the 
other depot. He did so. After we had 
marched about a hundred yards we 
came to a bridge. The Kebels had torn 
u)) most of the jilanks. We had to play 
' Si-otch hoji ' to get over it. As soon as 
we had crossed the bridge they com- 
menced to lire upon us from the streets 
and houses. Wc were loaded, but not 
cajiped. I (U'dered the men to cap their 
rifles and jirotect themsidves ; and then 
we returned their tire, and laid a great 
many of them away. I saw four fall on 
the sidewalk at one time. They fol- 
lowed us u]), and we fought our way to 
the other depot — about one mile. They 
kept at us till the cars started. Quite a 
number of the rascals were shot after 
we entered the cars. We went very 
slow, for we expected the rails were 
torn up on the road. 

" I do not know how much damage 
we did. Ueiiort says iibout forty were 



INCIDENTS OF THE CI I'll WAR. 



43 



killed, but I tliiuk that is exaggerated. 
Still, it may be so. There is any quantity 
of them wounded. Quite a number of 
horses were killed. The mayor of the 
city met us almost half way. He said 
that there would be no trouble, and that 
we could get through, and kept with me 
for about a hundred yards ; but the 
stones and halls whistled too near his 
head, and he left, took a gun frfim one 
of my company, fb-ed, ancl brought his 
man down. That was the last I saw of 
him. We fought our way to the cars, 
and joined Colonel Jones and the seven 
com])auies that left us at the other end 
of the city; and now we are here — 
every man of the old Phalanx safe and 
sound, with the exception of a few 
marks made by brickbats, and all we 
want now is a chance to go to Baltimore 
and clean out all the roughs there. It 
Colonel .Tones would march his com- 
mand there, we would do it. There are 
five or six of the regiment missing, and 
all of the band. I am in hopes that 
most, if not all, of them are alive. 
Where a man in Baltimore showed his 
pistols, ax, or Palmetto flag, he was 
about sure to drop. Ca])tain Dike, of 
Stoneham, is wounded badly, but is 
better. A corporal of Cajitain Picker- 
ing's (Lawrence Light Infantry) com- 
pany was killed. What men are left 
alive will be well taken care of by the 
Union men of Baltimore." 

A letter from Mr. Brunt Johnson, a 
member of the Phalanx, contains the 
following paragraphs : — 

■' We have not lost a man out of our 
company. Three or four got their heads 
cut and their faces disfigured, but none 
seriously. . . . We had not gone 
more than twenty paces when stones, 
bricks, and broken bottles flew like hail 
about our heads; but we kept right 
along until they conmienced firing re- 
volvers, when we turned and fired a 
volley, which made them retreat with 
considerable less number; but the firing 
was kept up at intervals from doors and 
windows, but with little or no eftect. 
The mayor of the city met us about one 
mile from the depot with the police 
force, and told Captain Follansbee that 
he should be protected. Wliile he was 
speaking, one of our men was knocked 
down with a stone. The mayor at once 
seized a rifle and shot the man who 
threw the stone, after which we arrived 
at the de])ot with little or no trouble. 
We got into the cars, lifted the \\indows, 
and two rifles were in each window on 
each side of the car, and if a man was 
seen to move, throw a stone, or show 
any sign of disturbance, down went his 
house. There was one courageous fel- 
low who said lie could get twenty-five 
men in Baltimore who could kill the 
whole Sixth regiment, but he did not 
get time to repeat it. He was found 
witli seventeen bullets in his body. 
Yesterda}' was the anniversary of tlie 
battle of Lexington. We are proud to 
say that Massachusetts men have more 
blood for the good cause of their 
country." 

A letter from Baltimore, also pub- 
lished in the Conner, saA's that a large 



number of the Lowell City Guard were 
injured, but probably only two seriously. 
Sergeant Ames, of Lowell, and Private 
Coburu, of Pracut, were W(dl cared tor 
in Baltimore. Sergeant Ames was 
wounded on the head by bricks or 
bottles, and has lost considerable blood. 
His physician sees nothing alarming in 
his case. Mr. Coburu was beaten on 
the head with jKiving-stones, and his 
musket taken from him, and then with 
it he was shot through the thigh. The 
doctor says it is a flesh wound, and 
thinks he is comfortable. 

.Statement of a Baltiiiiorean. 

A\e have conversed with a citizen of 
Baltimore, a thorough Tnion man, who 
saw the attack on our troops, and is full 
of admiration of the steadiness and 
courage of our brave f(dlows. He says 
he never could have believed that men 
with arms in their hands would have 
withstood the deadly assaults of an in- 
furiated mob with so much patience 
and steadiness. They did not fire until 
ordered to do so by the mayor of Baltimore. 

The mob \\as composed of the lowest, 
the most brutal and depraved of the 
denizens of the city, but they were en- 
couraged and set on by citizens of re- 
spectable position in society, including 
several custom-house otticials. The 
assault was deadly- beyond description. 
All along the route missiles of all de- 
scriptions — stones, brickbats, clubs, and 
ev<'ii windows from the houses — were 
thrown upon the troo])s in a perfect 
shower, and they were shot at with 
guns and pistols. Our infcu-mant says 
that all the cars containing tlie troops 
were stoned as tliey passed through. 

We called the attention of this Balti- 
moreau to the evidence before the coi-- 
oner's inquest upon the body of Kobert 
AV. Davis, one of the respectable citizens 
of Baltimore, who was killed. By 
drawing out certain points, and cover- 
ing up others, an attemi^t was made by 
the coroner to show that Mr. Davis was 
merely a peaceable spectator, and took 
no ))art in the riot, but was deliberately 
shot from the car window after the 
train had started for Washington, and 
without provocation. Our informant 
ridicules this theory. He says that after 
the troo])s had reached the cars for 
Washington, the assault was continued ; 
the track was torn up, and missiles w ere 
raineil into the car. The firing from the 
car windows was in self-defense. In one 
case a stone was thrown through a car 
window, and immediately a rifie was 
pushed through the hole, and the fel- 
low who threw the stone was shot. 
But whether this was Mr. Davis or not. 
is uncertain. 

The evidence before tlie coroner's in- 
quest goes to show that, if Mr. Davis 
was not taking i)art with the mob, he 
was encouraging them and giving them 
the countenance of his presence. He 
was one of a party of five '•gentlemen," 
who, according to the evidence, "cheered 
for Jeft'ersou Davis and the Southern 
Confederacy." Before Mr. Davis was 
shot, his hat was knocked oft', and, as 
one of the witnesses thought, bv a stone 



aimed by one of Mr. Davis' comiianions 
at the train. Another of Mr. Davis" 
companions testified that he had ])icked 
up a stone to throw at the train, but 
dropped it. Our informant says our 
troops were clearly justified in firing 
upon the mob, and is only surjirised at 
their forbearance. 

He says there is a reign of terror in 
Baltimore. The Union men were com- 
pletely o\erawed by the rabble. He 
was obliged to leave the city because 
his sentiments were obnoxious to the 
mob, and it was no longer safe for him 
to remain. He thinks the government 
should take military possession of the 
city with a large force, for the pro- 
tection of the I'nion men. He believes 
that w hatever may be the result of the 
present conflict, Baltimore, as a com- 
mercial city, is ruined. 

We have also had a conversation w itii 
a friend. Mr. B. Wood, of Jfilford, who 
left AVashington on Saturday, and was 
in Baltimore over SuiuUn'. He confirms 
all that is stated above as to the state of 
anarchy which reigns there. He was 
unable to obtain a regular conveyance 
from Baltimore, and left with several 
refugees in an oyster-boat, the captain 
of which agreed to laml them at Prrrys- 
ville for ijS.'iO. Some of his jiarty were 
ladies ; but he made his boat as clean as 
possible, stowed the ladies in the cuddy, 
and faithfully fulfilled his bargain. 

The following extracts are from a 
private letter written bv a member of 
Co. C, of Lowell: — 

"We li.ad a small fight at Baltimore. 
I can not tell you all the jiarticulars 
now; but we killed about thirty-three, 
to two of our own men. I can say tliat 
I shot two of them, sure. One had a 
pistol to fire at me w lien I fired. 

'• We shot some men in Baltimore after 
we got started in the cars. They had 
taken up the rails, and fired through the 
window s of the cars. 

••They can't say I was a coward. I 
will stand b^- the constitution and the 
I'nion of the I'nited .States as long as I 
live. So help nie,^God ! " 

We published a day or two since an 
intemperate letter from a resident of 
Baltimore to his brother in this city. 
The reply was very approjiriate, as will 
be seen by the following extract : — 

'• What would yon have us do'i" AVould 
you Iiave us surrender the national Cap- 
ital into the hands of that baiul of mer- 
cenary thieves and traitors who rule 
the ■ < 'onfederati' States ' ; men wlio have 
stolen the public lu-oiierty ; who have 
violated their oaths'^ Shall we not de- 
fend the Capital ':■ Did not (iovernor 
Hicks say in his i>roclamatiou on Friday 
last that Maryland would furnish her 
quota of troops for that service y and 
was it not this simple mission, and 
nothing more, that our troo])S were en- 
gaged in '^ 

" You speak of the South being ' sub- 
jugated by Lincoln and his hordes." In 
the first place, there is no attempt to 
subjugate the South, but simi)ly to main- 
tain the government, and that not by 
'Lincoln and his hordes.' No; no! As 
T told voii in my last, the comuiander of 



44 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



llio Massaohusotts forci's was a liclegatc 
to the Charlfston coiivfiitioii. Calob 
Cur^liiug to-day otTers his strvioes to the 
govcruiiient. Frankliu Piont-, aud every 
Deinoei-at in tlie North, is willing to 
arm in this contest. 

'•If Baltimore Is a 'yawning gulf to 
bury Northern troops iu, the same gulf 
will Imry the last vestige of your beau- 
tiful I'ity; for though it cost a hundred 
thousand lives, "not one stone shall 
remain upon another' in your city. 
Before this eontest ends,a/rec, safe, and 
uiii)}>structtd passaijc will be opened for 
our troops to the Capital." 



From Baltimore. 

The follow ing private letter from Bal- 
timore will be read with interest. It is 
from a gentleman of Northern birth, 
but who has resided in that city for 
many years : — 

JJaltimouk, April 25, ISUI. 

Vdu arc perliaps a little anxious on our ac- 
count. There is nothing to fear at present, I 
think, as our dangerous days are over, at 
least for a little while. I keep rather quiet, 
and liavt^ no si^ccial tear for myself, althougli 
for three or tour days Nortliern men held 
rather a dauj^erous relation to tlie mob by 
which all men setuu to have been controlled. 
Never in my life have I seen such hellish 
atrocity as I have witnessed In^-e. Secession 
Iteliels'liave hehi tin; cit3' in a terror that can 
not 1)'' described. Men have lieen designated 
anil a list of tliem nnide up tor assault and 
assassination. Danger from that source luis 
grown less as the Northern troops have 
worked their way to Washington, fear liaa 
taken the jilace, to some extent, of the thirst 
for bhjod and i)huider by wliicli a large mass 
of villains and eut-tliroa'ts have been mo\-ed. 

(hmI Itless tiie noble Nortll, and most of all, 
Ot'I .\fir.^.'iiifhii.^i'tts' She will again be the 
l>ride of tlu! liistorian and of tlie world — the 
crown jewel of America. It is something in 
these times of treachery and violence to look 
to (me's own kith and kiti for examples of 
courage anil patri()tism. We will have our 
enemies undt.'r oar feet yet in this town, if I 
luistak*! not — and when'we do the slain sol- 
diers of iMassachusetts will find some of tlieir 
avengers here. \Ve have l>een to the very 
threshold of a tlomestic tliroat cutting — ///'f/ 
has been ami is feared more tlian all else. 

Tin- idection yestenlay, though illegal, was 
permitted as nmch to 'give einiiloynaait to 
idle minds as any thing else. Its etfect is good. 
The town is (ini)3t, externally, yet there are 
plans :uid (■ons])iraeies down amongst the 
r;iblile that get wind in \arious ways, ciuelly 
Ihrontih the p<»iiee and nnlit:n>- jiatrols. 

T'lie show of arms is not so nnu-h for peoiile 
passing through the state as it is to govern 
our f)wn city :ind jjrotect fr<Jm violencf/. 
(;<ivcriior Micks will have the e.xiicricnce of 
.Sam Houst(ni. Se(rcssion rowdies threji,t<-n 
his lilc, but lie will not be hurt e.\cei>t he e.\. 
poses himself in this city. When we get 
Northern ti-oops ,all around us ^ve will rejoice 
most heartily. 

Fridaij .\hirtiivtj. Tilings ar<' growing better. 
A number of t'nion Hags arc ll>-ing, this morn, 
ing. We lliid the reaction growing stronger 
hourly, and as men lind c-ourage to trust each 
othei" The city will show herself ('nion be. 
lore next \\<'ilnesda>'. Some tear that Seces- 
sionists will ha\e to lly, and strong I nion 
men, myself ammig them, are doing what we 
can to control the rising tide of indignation 
and rage. Von enn not jiidgi- by the papers 
of onr state. Kvery thing is ilone to conceal 
the lire tlnat is underlying our whole social 
system. Tell our fiieiuis we will do the best 
ami :ill we can to bring Mai-yland iuto line. 
.She iiiust come if it is by bliKul. 

'J"he murdered soldiers have called us 
almost as much to monrniiig as you. I saw 
the whole of their emiduct. It" made me 
swear and curse, with a rage almost intense, 
to SCO such laible-looking fellows pitted 
against some si.x or eight tliousand of the 



vilest men I ever saw. I did not know wc 
had so many of such men. Tel! those you see 
that such soldiers as those assaulted do honor 
to Massachusetts manhood. Cool, firm, elTee- 
live, two hundn.'d of them could have fougllt 
a most glorious battle. As it was, .Massachu- 
setts has made a demonstrtitiou that has 
changed the sentiment in regard to Northern 
courage and forbearance. After tlicy were 
pcltetl, shot at, and one of them killed, I saw 
a corporiil, as i sujiposed, order two of them 
to Hre. They put their pieces up with delib- 
erate aim, e'ach covering a man, and then 
tired. They hit their marks, for both of them 
tell dead. I saw them afterward, one with a 
hole thriHigh his head, and the other w-ith one 
through his bociy, from sitle to side — a good 
and tei-rible heart shot. The ball was as 
large as a cent. Almost every shot must 
have killed a foe. They fired but few, but 
they did their work. God bless old Ma.^snchti- 
sett's. 1 never loved her so well as now. 



Soldiers' Aid Association in Lowell. 

Lowell, whose gallant companies in 
the Sixth regiment were the first to 
sufl'er in the present contest, is doing 
the right thing l)v her soldiers. In 
addition to $H()i)n ' voted by the eity 
government for the families of her 
troops, and .$10,000 also voted for eijuip- 
ments, the citizens have oi-ganized a 
Soldiers' Aid Association, " to promote 
the comfort, aid in the care tind encour- 
agement, ami to relieve the wants, of 
her cirizen-soldiirs while in actual ser- 
vice, liy providing such articles as they 
may need thtit may not be otherwise 
furnished them ; to provide means of 
comiiiiiuiciition and information be- 
tween them and their fi-iends at home.'' 

The association has been organized by 
the choice of Hon. Nathtim Crosby, 
president; S. W. Stickney, Esq., treas- 
urer; M. ('. Bryant, Escj., secretary; 
Hon. Elisha Huntington, chairman of 
committee on collections; ('. B. Coburn, 
Esq., chairman of committee on sup- 
I)lies ; William G. AV'ise, Estj., chairman 
of committee on cfirrespondence and 
forwarding. 

The city has been divided into dis- 
tricts, ami is being actively ciinvassed 
by the ladies for funds. Other cities 
and towns htiving coiii)ianies in the 
Sixth regiment tire expected to co-oper- 
ate with this association in promoting 
its objects. These are: Boston, one 
com]);iny ; I>awreuce, two companies ; 
\Vt>rcester, Acton, and Groton, one 
each. In tiddition to the four comp.a- 
nies of Ccdonel Jones' regiment, Lowell 
has niised live companies, which art^ 
alretidy org.-inized, and being activi'ly 
drilled. In i.roportion to her male popu- 
Itition, it is believed that Lowell has 
rtiised more troops than any phice in 
the state — enough, if they were till 
combined, to make ;i regiment. 



Okdkued TO Annapolis. — The Rich- 
ardson IJght Infantry of Lowell, Ctip- 
tain Dtivis, has received orders from 
General Butler to proceed at once to 
Amuipolis with tents and full camp 
equijitige, and they will prolialdy letive 
in the sli'timer wliii-h sails on Thursday 
for Fort Monroe. This is ;i new volun- 
teer company, .■ind has been furnished 
w ith a handsome gray uniform. 



The Massachusetts Dead. — All the 
Bodies Recognized. 

Yesterday a number of the friends of 
those \\ ho were supposed to htive fallen 
at BtUtimore, assembled at the State 
house by the request of Governor An- 
drew, so that the bodies which were 
brought home Wednesday might be 
ideutilied. 

The portmonnaies and other small 
articles which were sent from Balti- 
more, as having been found uiion their 
person, were handed around among 
their friends, but none of them were 
recognized. The company then pro- 
ceeded to the vault under Kiug's chapel, 
where the bodies were deposited, and 
the covers having been taken oft' from 
the luettillie cotlins, the faces of each 
were exposed to view, covered only by a 
glass jilate. They were immediately re- 
cognized as SuMNiiu Henry Needham, 
of Lawrence ; Addlson O. Whitney, of 
Lowell ; Li'tiiek ( '. Ladd, of Lowell. 

About Mr. Needham there had been 
no doubt, his death having been well 
authenticated, htit his brother, who was 
present, instantly identified him. 

Jlr. AV'hitney was twenty-two years 
old, ;i native of Maine. He has no near 
relatives, except a sister, who resides iu 
Lowell. He was recognized by Williaiu 
Freer and two others who htid worked 
iu the same shop with hhn dtu'ing the 
past winter. 

Mr. Ladd was a native of Alexandria, 
N. 11., tibout eighteen years old, and 
was recognized by his mother-in-law, 
Mrs. Dow! The t\vo last named, Messrs. 
Whitney and Ladd, were luembers of 
the Lowell City Guards. 

Mtiyor Sargeant, of Lowell, and the 
mayor of Lawrence, were both present, 
ami desired to ttike possession of the 
bodies in behalf of the friends of the 
decetised, but it was urged that the 
state h:id a claim upon them, and would 
demtinil to unite in the funeral obsequies. 

It was finallj' agreed that the personal 
friends of the deceased shoulil be con- 
sulted, and the decision will be known 
to-day. 

It is proposed that the services under 
the directi<in of the state should take 
I)laee on Jlonday next, and then the 
boilies may be iltdivered to the local 
authorities, who will again celebrate 
their martyrdom. 



FUNEKAI, OF THE LOWELL SOLDIER.S. 

— The funeral services in honor of 
Whitney tind Ladil, the Lowidl soldiers 
who were killed tit Baltimore, will take 
place to-da.y. A ilelegatioii from the 
city government of Lowidl will arrive 
here this forenoon, and will proceed to 
King's chapel with the Goveriuir and 
Council, under escort of the Indeiiendeiit 
Cadets, Colonel Holmes, where the 
bodies will be delivered to the municipal 
aiitborilies. They will be carried to 
Lowell on a spei'ial train, tiiid services 
will be held iu lluiitiugtiui h;i II, where 
a discourse will be delivered by llev. W. 
K. Cliirk of the ^li'thodist church, and 
the other clergymen of the city will 
take part in the exercises. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



45 



LOWELL BURIES HER FATR!OT SOLDIERS, 



Obsequies of Addison O. Whitney and 
Luther C. Ladd. 



The City in Mourning. 



Exercises at Huntington Hall. 



ADDRESS BY REV. W. R. CLARK. 



The citizens of Lowell yesterday 
uuiteil in bestowing honors upon the 
remains of two of their number who so 
lately went forth to the defense of our 
common country, and which have so 
soon been returned to them in the cold 
embrace of death. The city wore a 
solemn and impressive aspect. Ou all 
sides were disjjlayed the emblems of 
that grief which has cast its funeral 
pall over the land. 

The stores on the principal streets were 
profusely draped in mournhig; festoons 
of the sable emblems of sorrow were 
displayed on the front of entire blocks, 
and fi-om awnings. The windows of 
stores were draped in black and white, 
and flags at all points, lK)Uiid in black, 
were hoisted at half-mast. The bass- 
drum and one of the instruments be- 
longing to the Lowell Brigade band, 
and used by thein in their trip through 
Baltimore, were suspended in front of 
the store of Messrs. Kugg & Griffith, 
on Merrimack street. The head of the 
drum was fractured, and the brass in- 
strument bore marks of tlie hard usage 
sustained bj- the musicians and troops. 

At an early liour it began to rain, 
and the weather continued inclement 
throughout the day, notwithstanding 
which almost the entire population of 
the city, and thousands from the neigh- 
boring' towns, were al)road. The himi of 
the spindles was hushed, and the shut- 
tle for the time stopped in its busy 
flight. The mills were deserted, and 
their ten thousand occupants joined the 
throng which choked uji every avenue 
leading to the scene of the solemnities. 

Appearance of Htintingtoii Hall. 

The interior of Huntington hall, where 
the funeral services were held, was ex- 
tensively decorated with mourning em- 
blems and the national ensign. The 
most conspicuous feature of the decora- 
tions consisted of a canopy of American 
flags erected on the main floor, in front 
of the gallery, beneath which the re- 
mains of the two soldiers rested during 
the ceremonies. 

The canopy was supported by four 
columns, and surmounted by a golden 
eagle. The fai;ade of the gallery was 
draped with black and white, and' from 
stars depended small festoons of mourn- 
ing. From the cornice around the hall 
depended larger festoons, caught up at 
intervals with rosettes and pendants of 
sable. Over the main entrance were 
displayed two large American flags, and 
in the "rear of the speaker's stand were 



placed a silk ensign and the original 
colors of the Lowell C'ity Guards, of 
which company the deceaseii were mem- 
bers. The heroic words, "All hail to 
the Stars and Stripes," attributed to one 
of the dying soldiers, were displayed 
upon the wall, and the front of the gal- 
lerv bore the significant inscription, 
'•April 19, 177.0; April 19, 18ni." 

The same inscription, witli tlie warn- 
ing word, "Remember," \yas displayed 
at dift'erent points in the city. The dec- 
orations were executed by Mr. Alfred 
Gilman, assisted by Mr. Joseph .s. 
Brown. 

Arrival of the Bodies. 

The funeral train, in charge of the vet- 
eran Conductor Barrett, arriveil about 
1 :30 o'clock, and was met at the de])Ot 
by the city government, tlie military, 
and an immense concourse of peoi)le. 
The caskets were removed from tlie 
cases and placed in two hearses, which 
were draped with the national ensign. 
The entire company of Richardson Light 
Guards acted as a guard of honor, 
flanking the hearses on the right and 
left. Escort duty was perforuK'd by the 
three uniformed volunteer companies 
hereinafter mentioned, aiKi thi' city gov- 
ernment followed the remains in car- 
riagi'S to Huntington hall, the Lowell 
Brigade band, which was attached to 
the Sixth regiment in the march through 
Baltimore, and the Lawrence Brass 
band, discoursing solemn music. The 
bodies, enveloped in their starry pall, 
were borne into the hall and placed be- 
neath the canopy. The relatives and 
immediate friends of the deceased hav- 
ing ]ireviously assembled, the mayor of 
the city. Mayor Barker of Ijawrence, 
and the" reverend clergy took seats upon 
the platform, while the members of the 
city council, the military, and other 
bodies occupied the main floor. As the 
doors were opened for the admission of 
the citizens at large a scene of confusion 
ensued, which contrasted sadly with the 
solemn character of the occasion. The 
multituile without pressed forward to 
enter the hall, and so great was the jam 
that the lives of women and children 
were periled, and they shrieked and 
sliouted to be released from their disa- 
greeable position. The hall was com- 
pletely fllled, but its ample space was 
unequal to a tithe of the demand for ad- 
mission. Thousands remained without 
upon the sidewalks during tlie ceremo- 
nies, in spite of the rain, which fell un- 
ceasingly. 

The Funeral Services. 

Order having been restored. His Honor 
Mayor Sargeant rose and said that hav- 
ing attended to so much of their duty as 
related to receiving the remains of their 
late fidlow-citizens from the executive 
of the state, the city council had come 
to join with the relatives of the de- 
ceased, and the vast concourse of their 
fellow-citizens, in the last religious cere- 
monies appropriate to the occasion, cer- 
emonies in consonance with the feelings 
of them all. He had been requested by 
His Excellency the Governor to trans- 
mit to the relati\es his tender sympathy. 



and to express the regret he felt that 
the press of ])ublic duties i)re\ented him 
from uniting in the solemnities of the 
occasion. 

A dirge was ttieii played by the Low (dl 
Brigade band, who were stationed in 
the gallery. Aiipropriate selections of 
Scripture were re.iil liy Rev. C. \V. 
Homer, of the Episcopal church. Rev. 
Dr. Cleaveland, of the Appleton Congre- 
gational church, offered a fervent and 
impressive prayer, invoking the Divine 
blessing upon our country, the mourn- 
ing relatives of the deceased, the be- 
trothed of one, and the military compa- 
nies and associates of both. The silence 
which reigned over the vast assembly 
was broken by the outbursts of the 
grief of the attlicted and sorrow-stricken 
mourners. 

An anthem, "I heard a voice from 
Heaven," was sung by the choir con- 
nected with St. Anne's Ejiiscopal church, 
after which was delivered 

TIu- Address of Bev. W. K. Clark. 

The preacher selected as the founda- 
tion of his remarks the iith and (ith 
verses of the One Hundred and Thirty- 
seventh psalm: "If I forgot thee, O 
Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her 
cunning. If I do not remember thee, 
let my tongue cleave to the roof of nij- 
mouth ; if I prefer not Jerusalem above 
my chief joy." 

The deep, unaft'ected love of country 
so touchingly told in these few words is 
ever hereafter to be associated with the 
names of the honored dead wliose obse- 
quies we this day solemnize. Moved by 
its strong inspiration, they, with their 
companions-in-arms, promptly bade a 
tearful adieu to friends at their coun- 
try's call, and hrav(dy fell at a soldier's 
post, a free-will ofl'ering upon their 
country's altar. 

An instinctive patriotism has been im- 
planted in the human breast for benefi- 
cent purposes, as ma)' be seen not only 
in sacred but profane history. Govern- 
ment is impossible without it. The 
workings of the spirit of patriotism ar<' 
especially seen in the Jewish nation. 

So imperative is the necessity of civil 
governnii'nt to the social system — to all 
the blessings arising therefrom — that 
our honor binds us to cherish our coun- 
try with warm and grateful aft'ection. 
This is why Arnold's name has gone 
into history' as a " note of execration," 
while that' of Andrf, captured in exe- 
cuting the treaclierous schemes of Ar- 
nold, commands our pity and praise, 
because true to his country. 

Thus do the instincts of our nature, 
the Providence and A\'ord of God unite 
in placing patriotism among the cardi- 
nal virtues of the Christian religion. A 
Christian's experience no more super- 
sedes love of country than love of home ; 
and it becomes nobie and grand in pro- 
portion to the iiniiortance of the country 
towards which it is cherished, and the 
sacrifices to which it prompts. The 
Jew lovi'd his country with high d<'Vo- 
tion, because lie saw in its structure, 
rites, and symbols, the truths of which 
were to redeem the world. 



40 



INCIDENTS OF T II R CIVIL WAR. 



Every Ainciicaii slidiild love liis coun- 
try with imparallclcd ardor, as tlie grand 
liioneor of Christian civilization. The 
civil liberty of the Eighteenth and Nine- 
teenth centuries owes its origin, under 
(iod. to those who laid the foundations 
of this Western euijiire. It was the 
puritanical i)rotest of conscience against 
the eiKToaehuients of civil and ecclesi- 
astical [lower which puritied tlie juris- 
prudence of England, and then manned 
the Manftoii-ei- and moored her at Plym- 
outh I'ock. Here the genius of Liberty 
began a career that has made this na- 
tion th<' wonder of the world. Sud- 
denly, while exi'cuting her heaven-a|)- 
pointed mission, the tocsin of rebellion 
is struck in her midst. Her flag is in- 
sulted, and her ruin plotted. 

They left us, followed by the hopes 
and prayers of all, and in every one who 
saw them the conviction was' fidt that 
they would do their duty. .Vnd when 
but a few days had passed and they 
were attacke<r, with soldier-like spirit 
and discii)line they form a hollow 
s(iuare and pas.s on in double-quick 
time, through a shower of missiles and 
pistol shots, bearing with them their 
wounded, without i-elurning a fire until 
orilered to do so to prevent being borne 
down by the murderous gang. 

Xot a tangible grievance are the dis- 
atlV'Cted states, who are now defying the 
government, .able to set forth, and yet, 
before the administration is inaugurated 
and its iiolicy declared, they break alle- 
giance to the government and steal its 
forts and arsenals. .\nd all this is done 
by men who at the time of doing it 
were under a soleum oath to support 
the constitution of these United States. 
Such sneaking pertidy and black-hearted 
treason nuist have been "set on fire of 
hell." The curses of their country, 
"not loud, but deej),"' will follow those 
ofticial miscreants to their graves, and 
forever haunt theii- m<-mories. m/iking 
tlii'ni spectres from which the good (if 
coming generations will start back as 
from "goblins damned." 

To put down this i-ebellion the whole 
North has risen to arms. Our own com- 
monwealth, always in the van, has led 
the marsh.-iling hosts, and has bid her 
sons go forth in (iod's name. True to 
hei- spirit. I bey piduiplly marched to dare 
and do, and three (d I I'lem to seal their 
devotion with their bloo<l, before being 
peruutted to strike Ihe first blow to viii^ 
dicate the honor of their country's flag. 
It would be a comfcu-t to all their loving 
friends that they had died in Ihe i)er- 
form.-mce (d duty. .\nd in tlM> strong 
reeling w Inch stirs every hearl we may 
see the ellecl which their noble exauijile 
has insjiired. Tli<' glowing patriotism 
<d' twenly million hearls, which has been 
fanned to llanie by Ihe fall of these sol- 
diers, the bnivery which their valor will 
infuse into their brolbers-in-arms, and 
our country's glorious future of which 
these marlyrdoms are a prelude, con- 
spire to give thrilling import to the 
words of the brave \\:irri'it~" IMcet et 
dulce pro jiatria nuiri" ("It is becom- 
ing and sweet to die for the country"). 

Tenderly will we lay away these be- 



loved forms to rest until the morning of 
the resurrection, while on their tond)- 
stones will be sculptured words which 
will make them prouder mausoleums 
than kings and contjuerors can boast. 

The commonwealth for a time almost 
forgot to be indignant at tlie outrage 
ui)on her honor, so deep w as her grief ; 
but she soon roused to second her Chief 
Magistrate, and in every fiber of her 
body scorns the white-livered apology 
of the mayor of Baltimore. 

Ever since the lightning flashed over 
the country the new^s that these brave 
men had fallen in a nuinlerous mob, our 
city has been in tears. To-day she sits 
in mourning. Her closed marts, mills, 
and workshoiis: her minute-guns and 
tolling bells; her long and solemn cor- 
tege, headed by the military and munici- 
pal government; this vast concourse, 
oblivious of sect or party, in tearful 
silence around these biers — all attest 
the impassioned grief which Lowell 
feels for the fallen heroes. 

Both of our fallen brothers had en- 
listed from a high sense of a soldier's 
duty, and the last words of Ladd, when 
his friends attempted to dissuade him 
from marching on account of his youth, 
were, "I shall go for the Stars and 
Strijjes, anyway ! " They have fallen in 
the service of their country, on a day 
precious to every American jiatriot — 
the eighty-sixth anniversary of the first 
blood spilled in the struggle for our lib- 
erties at Concord and lA'xington. Their 
sjiirits are gone to God \\ho ga\'c them, 
and who administers his awards with 
imiiartial and unerring regard to the 
fidelity with which his creatures shall 
have (iischarged the trusts he has com- 
mitted unto them. Henceforth the he- 
roes of Concord, Lexington, Btmker hill, 
and Baltimore shall blazon together on 
the pages of their country's history, like 
the stars in the flag whose honor they 
died to ujihold. 

At the close of the discoui'se, an origi- 
nal hynui, composed by Key. C. W. llo- 
nier, was read by Kev. .1. .1. Twiss, of 
the First Universalist church, and sung 
by the choir. 

The concluding prayer was offered bv 
Rev. I). Jiott, of the First Ba|)tis't 
I'burch, and the services (dosed with 
(he benediction by Rev. II. Hinckley, of 
the First I'rdtarian church. 

Tli«' Ftiiici-al C'«»rtege. 

The funeral cortege was formed in 
the following order, under the direction 
of Col. (i. F. Sawt(dl, chief marshal, 
assisted by W. (i. V\ise, T. G. Gerrish, 
and (;. AV. Bedlow as aids, and S. T. 
Tiancaster and .James Watson as mar- 
shals:— 

Co. K, ('apt. r. S. Proctor. 
.Miholt l.iKlit GimnI, C'apt. E. (i. Abbott. 
I,ow(01 l!riK:elc I{!Oiil. 
l.'ifhMrUson ti^bt InliiTitTy. Ciipt. I*. A. I>a\'is, 
lis ( ;ii:inl (ii iloiHir. 
lioilies. 
I'all Jiearors— I.ieuts. W. K. Farrar, G. E. 
Dana, ami Kdwanl s, limit, ami .Surgeon 
W. II. liraillcy, or the Jiiebanlson Lljjlit 
liilaiitrv; I.ienls. .lames KnoK'is ami II. II. 
Kallcr, or the Abbult I.i;<llt (iuaid; ami 
Capl. Temple Ti'libi-tts ami Lieut. Daviil 
llyilc. of the I.owc'll Lifjlil liifanti-y. 
Aids. C'hiel Mai'slial. ' Aids. 



The following in carriages : — 

Kelatives and Friends. 

fJis Honor the M.iyor of Lowell. 

Hi.s Honor the Mayor of Lawrence. 

Board of Aldermen. 

Common Council. 

City Oflieers. 

•Judges and Clerk of t'olice Couii. 

.Slieriff of Middlese.x County and District- 

.\ttornev- 

Offlciatlng Clergy, 

Clergymen of tlie City. 

The following companies not in uni- 
form : — 

Lawrence Brass Band. 
Past and iloiiorary Members of tlie City 

(Juards, Cnpt. .Samuel Lawrence. 

Company from .Machine Shop. Captain Burke. 

Lowell Veterans, Capl. J. G. Peabody. 

Lowell Light Infantry, Captain Tebbctts. 

Butler Rifles, Captain James. 

Zona\'es, Captain Brady. 

The corteg(> moved through Shattuck, 
Merrimack, Central. Wamesit, and Law- 
rence streets to the cemetery, about a 
mile and a-half from the liall, in the 
midst of a drenching rain, I'mbrellas 
were in great demand, and the proces- 
sion, like a dark and billowy stream, 
liassed between living walls of specta- 
tors, who were likewise canopied with 
their portable shelters. Thousands of 
people crowded the sidewalks, filled the 
windows, and followed the procession 
to tlie cemetery. 

Arrived at the ceiueterj', a rural and 
liicturesque locality, diversified by for- 
ests, lakes, and undulating slopes, the 
remains were placed in the Hospital re- 
ceiving tomb, after which the military 
fired three volleys of musketry over the 
teni]iorary grave of the soldiers, and the 
procession moved past between files of 
troops, who rested on their arms, and 
then all returned to the city, in the order 
in whicli they left. 

During the time the procession was 
moving, minute-guns were fired, and the 
various bells in the city were tolled, 
the chime of St. Anne's ringing out a 
mournful |jeal. 

To-day the remains will be conveyed 
to the friends of the deceased in Alex- 
andria, N. II., and Waldo, Me. 

The iirocession, which was over a mile 
in lengtli, was the longest ever seen in 
Lowell, and, notwithstanding the rain, 
its route was lined with thousands of 
lieople. We should probably have hiid 
a larger number present iroin other 
idaces had it not been for the storm. 

Frederick Ayer. Es(|., was one of the 
aids to the marshal, in addition to those 
named yesterday. There were thirt.y- 
two carriages in the jirocession. besides 
a large nundier which followed behind. 

The sisters of Mr. Whilney have con- 
sented to have his remains interred in 
Lowell, and it is to be hojied that his 
jiarents will consent to the same ar- 
rangement. The body of Mr. Ladd wa< 
taken by the noon train to the home of 
his parents in Alexandria, N. H. After 
the funeral services there, it is to be 
hoped that bis friends will consent to 
having his body brougbt liack to Low- 
<dl, in which ease both bodies will be 
jilaeed together, and at no disl.-inl day, 
when the (]neslions which now agitate 
the country are settled, a suitable mon- 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



47 



uiuent will be erected to their memory, 
as the first martyrs in the present strug- 
gle.* — [Lowell Courier. 



The following woumled Massachu- 
setts soldiers are in Baltimore now, but 
will soon be well and on duty : Captain 
Dilse, of Stoneham; D. B. Tyler, John 
E. Ames, and Edward Cohurn, of Low- 
ell; H. W. Danforth, of Stoneham; and 
Michael Green, of Lawrence. They are 
all well attended. 

It is stated that one of the Massa- 
chusetts soldiers, who was mortally 
wounded and Ijled to death, while in the 
last struggles stood erect, raised his 
right hand toward heaven, and ex- 
claimed : '■ All hail to the Stars and 
Stripes!" and expired instantly. 

The Honoreu Dead. The remains 
of LuTHp;i! C. Ladd, who fell in the 
fight at Baltimore, who, with his dying 
breath, shouted, "All hail to the 
Stars and Stku'es," were buried at Al- 
exandria, N. IL, on Wednesday of last 
week, with military honors. A vast 
concourse of people were in attendance. 
Flags were suspended at half-mast, 
trimmed with mourning; an ajipropri- 
ate sermon was jireached. The Bristol 
Home Guard, eonmianded by Colonel 
Rollins, and the Alexandria Guards, 
commanded by Captain Sleeper, with 
arms reversed, and nuisic playing with 
muffled drums, escorted the remains to 
the grave, while the citizens of the town 
generally, and adjacent jilaces, marched 
in order, foruung a procession three- 
fourths of a mile hing. It was the most 
solemn, grand funeral cortege ever wit- 
nessed in the state. 

Over his grave were tired three sa- 
lutes, when the grand, imposing proces- 
sion returned to the onee cheerful home 
of Lutlier ('. Ladd, and there bade fare- 
well to the disconsolate jiarents and four 
bereaved sisters. So the young hero 
rests. He served his country well, and 
a grateful people will keep his name 
forever in remembrance. 

The Dki'ms of the Revolution 
Again Soinding. — In the procession 
which yesterday accompanied the bodies 
of the Baltimore martyrs on their 
way to Lowell were the two drums 
which have long hung in the office of 
the adjutant-general in the State house, 
one of which was used at Lexington, 
and the other at Bunker hill. Then 
their martial beat urged on an infant 
colony to successful warfare against 
their oppressors, and now thev are 
brought forth once more to lead the sol- 
emn cortege which honored those who 
fell in defense of the rights and princi- 
ples which at Lexington and Bunker hill 
were vindicated and achieved. 

George W. Wheelwright, Esq., 
who has for many years supplied the 
paper on which the Journal is printed, 
has handed us the generous sum of 
forty dollars for thi' ])rinters who have 
volunteered from this office. 

* The blootl-stained uniforms of Ladd and 
\Vhitiiey now (I8SS) hang in the G. A. R. hall 
of Post 4-2, Lowell. 



"All Hail to the Stars and Stripes." 
April 19, A. D. 1861. 

IIV MRS. L. A. MCGAFFEV. 

[ A thrilling scene is related of one of 
the Massachusetts men, who was mortally 
wounded by the Baltimore mob on the fatal 
Friday, laid upon the floor, where ho soon 
Ijled to death, notwithstanding every effort 
was made to save him. An instant before he 
expired, he rose, struggling witli death, and 
.standing erect he fixed his glassy eyes upon 
every person in the room, and then, lifting 
them toward heaven and raising his right 
Itand, he exclaimed, with a clear voice, ** All 
hail to the Stars and Stripes!" Saying this, he 
fell back into the arms of his physician and 
expired. This patriotic declaration of the 
dying man so moved the lookers-on that all 
iTut his immediate attendants turned silently 
away, although many of them were stained 
with the blood ot the deceased.] 

O Jlassachusetts ! noble heart ! in thee we 

well may trust; 
Our holy flag shall not be trail'd by traitors 

in "the dust 
While thou liast heroes yet to give, like him 

who fell to-day. 
And when in midst of circling toes in death's 

embrace he lay. 
Could nerve his soul with such high strength 

ere burst its prison bars. 
And hurl defiance in the cry, "All liail the 

Stripes and Stars ! " 

"All hail the Stars and Stripes!" he cried, 

though fast the death eclipse 
Was stealing o'er his glazing eyes and on hia 

stittVning lips- 
Oh, then a flash like lightning went through 

all the old Northland, 
And all shall say no battle-death could ever 

be more grand — 
That in the glory of the fight, not one of all 

the slain 
Shall greener laurels wear than he who 

missed its iron rain. 

Search, History, all thy wide domain; more 

royal siglit than ttiis 
Thou Shalt not see at Marathon or sea- washed 

Salamis; 
Nor where the famed three hundred kept the 

Percie host at bay. 
And won their high and deathless name at 

old ThermopylaB. 
Write, thou, how with his outstretched arm he 

held his conqueror. Death, 
And hailed our sacred Stars and Stripes with 

fast-e-\piring breath. 

O Blassachusetts! take him hack to thy ma- 
ternal breast; 

Inurned within thy steadfast heart let him 
forever rest. 

Thou hast no tears for such as he — let j<tylul 
pagans roll ; 

Not often such a hero dies, nor passeth such a 
soul. 

Then welcome be to death and woe and all 
war's ghastly soars, 

When such as he shall lead the van and bear 
the Stripes and Stars. 
Loi'DON, O., 1861. — [Boston .Journal. 



Broight Back. The body of Luther 
(!. Ladd, one of the soldiers slain at Bal- 
timore on the 19th of April, has lieen 
brought back to this city from Al(>xan- 
dria,"N. H., where his parents reside. 
It reached here in the noon train from 
the north, in charge of his brother-in- 
law, Mr. Jeremiah F. Dow, and was re- 
ceived at the depot by the members of 
the committee of the city council, and 
conveved to the cemetery. The body of 
Mr. Ladd, with that 'of Addison O. 
Whitney, his companion in death, which 
has been in the reeeivhig-tomb until 
now, will be temporarily buried in a 
grave in the lot at the foot of the hill, 
hnmediately north of the chapel, until 
such time" as a monument shall be 
erected to their memory. 



' All Hail to the Glorious Stars and 
Stripes. " 

' All hail to tile glorious Stars and Stripes," 
That wave o'er the brave and the free. 
The pride of all, who sweet liberty love; 
We "11 pledge e'en our life-blood to thee ! 

•All hail to the glorious .stars and Stripes"; 
We will met(^ to all traitors their doom; 
We will not let thy prestige of glory be 
dimmed. 
Nor tliy beauty to perish in gloom. 

' All hail to the glorious Stars and Stripes" — 

We will strike for our homes and our God. 

Though death claim the mortal, the grave 

be our beii. 

Prayers of freemen shall be our r<'ward. 

" All hail to the glorious Stars and Stripes! " 
May they cease not thus pnnidly to wave, 
An emblem of freedom to all the oppressed, 
A lieacon of hope to the brave. 

o. K. 
— [Ijowell Daily (Courier, April, ISBl. 



The Uurdered Mmtotts Soldiers! 

Lawrence Receives Her Dead. 

ARRIVAL OF THE REMAINS OP 
CORPORAL NEEDHAM. 



Preparations for the Funeral. 

The remains of Sumner H. Needham, 
late corporal of Co. I, Sixth regiment, 
M. V. M., who fell a victim to the bru- 
tality of an incensed mob in the streets 
of Baltimore, were conveyed from this 
city yesterday, to the home which he so 
recently left in response to the call of 
duty, in a sjiecial train over the Boston 
& Maine railroad. The casket was 
placed In a passenger e;ir, which was 
also occupied by Ihc brothers of the de- 
ceased, the mayor of Lawrence, the 
committee of arrangements for the ob- 
sequies, and several members of the 
press. 

The train jn'oeeeded at express speed, 
stopiiing only at crossings, and arrived 
at Lawrence about 12 :. 50 o'clock. The 
people along the route seemed to hav(? 
learned that the relics were to pass over 
the road, as crowds were assembled at 
the several stations as the train flew by. 
It was the intention of the authorities 
to convey the body, without ceremony 
and in a quiet manner, to the house of 
Mr. E. (>. Seaver, 41 Atlantic corjiora- 
tion, where deceased formerly boarded, 
and to this end no public notice was 
given of the arrival of the body. But 
the people of Lawrence instinctively 
gathered at the station, to pay their 
silent homage to the memory of one 
who has died in defense of his country. 
There was no outburst of sorrow, or 
manifestation of idle curiosity, but a. 
profound sadness seemed to pervade the 
entire assembly. 

The remains'were removeil to a hearse, 
and an imiiromptu procession was 
formed. The <'ity authorities rode in 
carriages, and tli'e jieople on fool fol- 



48 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



loweil the body to its former home, 
which, in the luiiforni tiloclis which 
front tlic cotton factories, was desig- 
nated liy American flags draped iu 
mourning. Tlie casket was removed 
from tlic case w liich enclosed it, jdaced 
ii])on a simple table in the neat parlor, 
ami, the lid being removed, the features 
were exposed to view. 

The wife of the deceased was not 
])resent, having been overcome by grief, 
but the brothers and friends who were 
l)resent were addressed by Mayor Bar- 
ker. "AVe have," he said,' "at your re- 
quest, and under the orders of the city 
government, been to Boston and ob- 
tained the remaius of your deceased 
brother. We now commit them to your 
care, to await such action as the com- 
mittee having in charge the arrange- 
ments for the funeral may take." All 
jiresent ap|ieared deejdy alllii-ted. 

'I'lie flags in the city were lioisted at 
half-mast. The body was left in charge 
of the friends last night, and this fore- 
noon it will be removed to the City hall, 
where it will lie in state until 1:80 
o'clock, when the funeral services take 
place. Messrs. Lamjirell & Marl)le, dec- 
orators from this city, were vesterdaj' 
engaged iu drai)ing the hall in mourn- 
ing and jireparing it for the solemn cer- 
emonies. The religious services will be 
conducted by Kev.G. E. AVeaver, pastor 
of the Universalist church, of which <le- 
ceased was a member. An invitation 
has been extended to the governor and 
council to attend the funeral, accom- 
panied by his body-guard, the Indepen- 
dent Corps of Cadets. 

The funeral cortege will be escorted 
by the past members of the two mili- 
tary compaides, under command of Col. 
L. I). Sargent, and the fire dejiartment, 
accompauieil Ity the two liands of uuisic. 
The remaius will be placed temp(U'arily 
in a receiving tond) in the Lawrence 
cemetery. — [Boston Journal. 



Funeral Services of Siimuer 
Need ham at Lawrence. 



H. 



BUSINESS SUSPENDED. 



A Solemn and Impressive Scene. 



I>awrence has to-day put on her 
mourning-weeds, and a universal sad- 
ness, (Mpialled only by that deep gloom 
which threw its i'unenil pall over tlie 
city by the memorable calamity, shrouds 
the liomes anil hearts of her citizens, 
«ho with one accord have forsaken 
their accustomed pursuits and joined in 
paying the last honors to the remains 
ol <ine of the lirst victims of the lii'- 
bellion. 

The i-eremonies connected wilh the 
obsc(|iiies of the late Cor)). Sunnier II. 
Needham commenced at an early hour 
this morning. The flags through the 
city are display<'d at half-mast. 

l''uneral services of a jirivatc charac- 



ter were held at the late residence of 
tlie deceased. No. 41 Atlantic corpora- 
tion. IJev. G. S. Weaver otliciating. 

'I'he corpse was then removed to the 
City hall, under a military escort com- 
jjosed of the past members of the two 
comiianies who have gone to the seat of 
war from this city. The escort was 
commanded by Col! L. D. Sargent, and 
was preceded by the Lawrence Brass 
band, who jdayi'd a dirge as the cortege 
moved. The soldiers marched with arms 
revi-rsed. The route from the house to 
the (.'ity hall was lined with spectators, 
wlio gazed in silence upon the sad spec- 
t.acle. 

Appearance of tlie City Hall. 

The City hall was elaborately and 
tastefully dcc()rated in a style peculiarly 
fitting tiie occasion, the ensign of the 
soldier blending with the sable drajiery 
and svmbolizing the national character 
of tlie event. At the head of the 
hall was elevated a golden eagle, on 
either side of which were suspended 
American flags. Pilasters of alternate 
black and white drapery were formed 
between the windows, and from the cor- 
nice dciiended festoons of black and 
white, associated. 

From an American shield in the center 
of the ceiling radiated a canopy of pen- 
nants and streamers, alternating with 
eight festoons of dark and white dra- 
pery. Tlie altar was shrouded in lilack, 
and' upon the front of the dais was dis- 
jilayeil a spread eagle, whose talons 
clutched an olive-branch, and upon 
either side of which was placed the na- 
tion.'il ensign. The face of the dais was 
ilraped in black, and the front of the 
gallery, at the opposite end of the hall, 
also bore the somber emblems of sor- 
row. — [ Boston Journal. 



Sumner Henry Needham. 

In ri'garil to this brave Massachusetts 
V(duuteer. who was stricken down by 
the mob at Baltimore, the Lawrence 
Jimrnal says : — 

'• Sumner Henry Needham, whose case 
has been watched and speculated u|i<ui 
from hour to hour, during the past 
week, died Saturday morning, at the 
Lombard-street infirmary, in Baltimoi-e, 
fi-om wounds received on the 19tli in the 
cowardly attack u|)on the Massachusetts 
troops in that city. We are informed 
by telegraph to the city-council com- 
mittee, this UKU-uing, that his remains 
are to be immediately forwarded to this 
city by Adams tt Co.'s express. 

"Mr. Needham was born in Bethel, 
Me., and was tliirtv-three years of age 
the -Jd of March last. He came to Law- 
rence some twelve years ago, and of late 
vears has been engaged in the lathing 
business in conned ion with his brothers, 
Charles M. and Otis S. Xeedham. He 
was a member of the Lawrence Light 
Infantry for four or five years, and at 
one tin'ie first-lieutenant. He resigned 
at one time, but joiueil the company 
again last summer, and was oni' of the 
corpor.-ils at the liiiK'of his death, lie 
has a mother, two brothers, and a sister 



living in Bethel, Me., and a young wife, 
residing at \o. 41 Atlantic corporation, 
and brothers and sisters in this city, to 
mourn his untimely death." 

Mr. Xeedham was a member of the 
Universalist church in Lawrence, w hich 
society, on hearing of his death, on Sun- 
day, passed the following resolutions : — 

Itesolred, Tliat the I'niversalist congregation 
of tills city liear willi heartfelt sorrow of the 
death of firother S. Henry Needham, whose 
presence we shall miss from our worship, 
and whose excellent character and worthy 
life have endeared him to his brethren and 
friends. 

Hesolvetl, That we tender our sympathies to 
his alllicted wife, and be mourners with her 
as his brothers and sisters, pledging ourselves 
anew to the country for wliicli he so nobly 
gave his life. 

A committee was also appointed to 
make arrangements for appropriate fu- 
neral services. 



The Massachusetts Dead. 

We think few men read Governor An- 
drew's dispatch to the mayor of Balti- 
more, rec|uesting him to care for the 
Massachusetts dead "tenderly" and to 
send on their remains for honored burial 
by the commonwealth, without tears. 
Yes, those bodies, battered and bruised 
by the brutal mob, are sacred. "Ten- 
derly" is not too gentle a word to be 
used for the care of them. From the 
jilow ;ind the fishing-boat, those hardy 
men, bearing the names and the memo- 
ries of Concord, and Lexington, and 
Bunker hill, came forth, as their fathers 
did of old, to ofTer their lives for Lib- 
erty's dear sake. Foremost in the sec- 
ond War of Independence, as their fore- 
fathers were in tlie first, the very day 
on which the men of Lexington stained 
the greensward with the first blood of 
this devolution, saw the men of this 
generation stain the streets of Balti- 
more with the first blood of this greater 
struggle. 

All honor, then, to those humble men 
of Massachusetts, the first victims in 
the new war of Liberty. Unlike their 
ancestors, they died far from home and 
native soil, but like them, they died for 
their country. The whole nation owns 
them. Their names shall be preserved 
in the country's roll of honor. 

"^'es, bear the battered bodies " ten- 
derly"; they are more sacred than the 
relies of the saints. Wherever they 
pass, let tVie nation's flag, which they 
died to defend, wave over them ; let can- 
non thunder the martial honor, and let 
women and children come to dro)) a tear 
over the Massachusetts dead, wlio died 
f(u- Country and Liberty. — [N. V. Times. 



"Cassii'S M. Clay, Minister to Rus- 
sia, to-day oft'ered his services to Sec- 
retary Cameron, either as an officer to 
raise a regiment, or as a private in the 
ranks. Mr. Cameron said : 'Sir, this is 
the first instance I ever heard of where 
a foreign Minister volunteered in the 
ranks.' 'Then,' said Clay, 'let's make 
a little history.'" Tbat'.s the true fire, 
and we are glad to see it breaking out 
in the right places. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



•19 



Bear Them Very Tenderly Back. 

" I pray you to cause tbe borties of our 
MassacliHui'tts soUliers dead in Baltimore to 
be immediately laid out and tenderly sent 
forward by express tome." — [Gov. Andrew's 
dispatch to tlie mayor of Baltimore. 

Yes, bear them very tenderbj back o'er that 

fatal way, 
Who left our midst so full of life, so strong 

but yesterday. 
Give them the soldier's meed, to them the 

patriot's honor yield ; 
The holy cause their liearts espoused their 

uuirtyr blood has sealed. 
And ye, who hailed them as they went, the 

last sad duties pay. 
Then gird your armor on ; ye have no time to 

mourn to-day ! 
From every drop of blood that fell an anncd 

troop shall spring; 
From every moan that stirred their lips a 

thousand voices ring! 
Hark to the stirring words they speak, O 

Massachusetts men ! 
The startling summons echoes back from 

mountain, hill, and glen! 
Fling every selfish fear aside ; let every claim 

give way; 
Spring to the rescue! rally round our coun- 
try's flag to-dav! 
No stranger-hand has wounded us, as in the 

days of yore ; 
Ah no, we had not then so long and patiently 

forbore. 
'T is those to whom our arms, onr hearts, 

were c^er opened wide, 
Wlio in the life-blood of our sons their guilty 

hands have dyed ; 
Who gloried in our country's power, drank 

from her tliousand springs. 
And shared, as brothers share, the wealth the 

boon of freedom brings, — 
The cherislied children of her love, Uiese that 

have struck the blow ! 
<.>ur wrath will never slumber till each trai- 
tor's head lies low. 
With steadfast love that knew no change, pa- 
tience that did not cease, 
A brother's loving hand held out the olive- 
branch of peace. 
No rash, vindictive act of ours lias wrought 

this bitter woe ; 
We left their coward hands to strike the first, 

the treacherous blow. 
The Rubicon is passed ; and now we know no 

North nor South; 
They that have rights and homes to lose fear 

not the cannon's mouth ! 
To us no brotlier's hand they give, no broth- 
er's love they claim ; 
Whate'er betide, be theirs the gulf, and theirs 

alone the shame. 
Behold our Hag! the .Stripes and .Stars, so 

long and proudly borne, 
\'ictorious o'er each foreign foe, by nhiimeless 

traitors torn ! 
To purchase it our father.s shed life's purple 

tide like rain. 
Sons of tliose fathers ! rise, and say if they 

have bled in vain ! 
Men of the North, the South, tlie West, our 

nation's hope and trust. 
Speak! Will ye see that banner torn and 

trampled in the dust? 
No ! by those high and holy truths for which 

our fathers fought. 
By freedom's priceless heritage, for us so 

dearly bought; 
The seed, sowed by our patriot sires, watered 

by blood and tears. 
Whose glorious fruits are ours, the growth of 

long and toilsome years ! 
Let every loyal heart respond! all other 

claims give way! 
On to the rescue ! rally round our country's 

flag to-day ! 
Brothers! press on, our glorious land from 

mad disunion save ! 
Who that can die in such a cause wonld live 

to be a slave? 
Ye were very loth to draw the sword, yet 

sheathe 'it not again 
Till ye have proved the People rule, that right 

and freedom reign ; 
Till prouclly on each town and fort the Stars 

and Stripes shall wave. 
The safeguard of the weak, the pride and 
glory of the brave ! 

Nashua, April, 1861. m- «■ "■ 



The Men \Arho Fell in Baltimore. 

[iJtUicatfd to the Sijcth Masaachusttt.^ Ei giriitiit.] 

BY .JOHN' W. FORNEY. 

Our country's call awoke the lanii 
From mountain height to <iccan strand. 
The Old Kcvstoiie. tlie Bay Slate, too. 
In all her direst dangers true, 
Kesolved to answer to her cry. 
For her to bleed, for her to die ; 
.\nd so they marched, their flag before, 
For Washington, through Baltimore. 

Our men from Berks and Schuylkill came — 
Lehigh and Mifflin in their train ; 
First in the field they sought the way. 
Hearts beating high and spirits gay, 
Heard the wild yells of fiendish spite 
Of armed mobs on left and right ; 
But on they marched, their fiag before, 
For Washington, through Baltimore. 

Next came the Massachusetts men. 
Gathered from city, glade, and glen ; 
No hate for South, but love for all, 
They answered to their country's call. 
The path to them seemed broad and bright; 
Tliej' sought no foemen and no fight. 
As on they marched, their flag before, 
New England's braves, through Baltimore. 

But wlien they showed their martial pride, 
.\nd closed tlieir glittering cohimns wide. 
They found their welcome in tlie fire 
Of niaddened foes ami demons dire. 
Who, like the fiends from hell sent forth, 
.\ttacked these heroes of the North, — 
These heroes bold, with travel sore. 
While on their way through Baltimore. 

From every stifling den and street 
Tlicy rushed, the gallant band to meet — 
Forgot the cause tliey came to save — 
Forgot that those they struck were brave — 
Forgot the dearest ties of blood 
That bound them in one brotherhood — 
Forgot the flag that floated o'er 
Their countrymen in Baltimore. 

And the great song their soul had penned. 
To rally freemen to defend 
The banner of the Stripes and Stars, 
That makes victorious all our wars, 
Was laughed to scorn, so madly then 
They greeted all the gallant men 
Who came from Massachusetts' shore 
To Washington, through Baltimore. 

And when, with wildest grief, at last. 
They saw their comrades falling fast. 
Full on the hellliounds in their track 
They wheeled, and drove the cowards liack. 
Then, with tlieir hearts o'erwhelmed with 

woe, 
Measured their progress, stern and slow ; 
Their wounded on their shoulders bore 
To Washington, through Baltimore. 

Yet, while New Englaml mourns her dead. 
The blood by Treason foully shed — 
Like that which flowed at Lexington, 
When Freedom's earliest fight begun — 
Will make the day, the month, the year. 
To every patriot's memoi"y dear. 
Sons of great fatliers gone before. 
They fell for Right at Baltimore ! 

As at every honored grave. 

Where sleeps the " unreturning brave," 

A mother sobs, a young wife moans, 

A father for his lost one groans. 

Oh! let the people ne'er forget 

t)ur deep, enduring, lasting debt 

To those wlio left their native shore 

And died for us in Baltinnne. 



Troops Ordered. — The Richardson 
Light Infantry, Captain Davis, yester- 
day received a dispatcli from General 
Biitler, ordering them to Annapolis, and 
they leave at once. The Brigade baud 
has also received orders, and will leave 
as soon as they can complete their ar- 
rangements. The Abbott Light Infan- 
try has also received orders to proceed 
to Fort Warren, and will leave on Wed- 
nesday morning. 



Letter from a Member of the Sixth 
Regiment. 

The following is an extract from a 
letter received by Dr. Thos. A. Mathews 
from James Oscar Mathews, who was 
reported as having been kille.ii on the 
march through Baltimore.* Wliether 
the report is true or not the sentiments 
of patriotism of this young soldiei- are 
worthy of notice and by jiarticular re- 
quest iiave been copied for publication. 
Mr. Mathews is "22 years of age, a 
native of the West Indies, well known 
as of excellent character and habits. 
He was a member of the Wasliingtou 
Light Guard two or three y<>ars. but had 
resigned, and recently volunteered to 
jirotect the " Stars and .stripes "' : — 

New V(ii;k, Ajn-il is. isiil. 
Dearist lirother : 

You can imagine my feelings when I left 
Boston without even "bidding you good-by ; 
but forgive me, for I had no time. We arrived 
here at s o'clock tliis morning, aini<ist the 
greatest enthusiasm. Tliere is a dispatch 
that the Capitol has been atUicked. We ar<i 
going determined to rout them out — I am, 
for one, you can depend. 

I shall write home soon. Should you write 
and 1 should be shot, .say to lather and mother 
that I died in defen.sc of the "Stars and 
Stripes." 

God bless \-ou. I am votir brother tiirough 
life. ' " OSCAlt. 



The Benediction. 

tJo! 'Tis thy country's cause, 
Who, to uphold her laws. 

Beckons each son ; 
Loyal in treason's spite. 
Firm t() maintain the right. 
Thus must be fought the fight. 

The victory won. 

(io! .And may the God above, 
Uuling the earth with love, 

Be now thy stay — 
save thee from eveiy sin. 
Send thee His peace"within. 
E'en through the battle's din 

And the wild fray. 

Stand where thy fathers stood, 
Mingle with theii-s thy blood. 

Freedom's red wine ; 
(Jalm be thy sleep and sweet, 
When, for thy winding-sheet. 
The fiag to-day we greet 

Hound thee shall twine. 

Flag of our native land! 
I'ntorn by Treason's hand. 
Thy stripes shall wave; 
I'ndimmed thy stars shall shine. 
While l'"aith and Love combine. 
And at thy holy shrine, 
OlTer the brave. 
Mii.TOs, April 21, isi;i. 

— [Bo.ston .lournal. 



A GENTLEMAN Of Xcw Vork asked a 
Massachusetts volunteer how many 
were going from his state. " How 
many'?" he replied. '• We are all going." 

The letter of our regular Pensacola 
correspondent contains the very latest 
news from that important point. Mat- 
ters look squally enough. The sum- 
mons to surrender, it appears, comes 
from the other side this time. — [Savan- 
nah Republican. 

* By reference to our telegraphic dis- 
patches, it will be seen that the loss at Balti- 
more has fallen mainlv on (Jo. G, Lowell, 
Captain Follansbee, and that therefore Mr. 
Mathews has not been killed as was reportiMl. 
— [Ed. .lonrnal. 



50 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



The War News. 

Tlicrc has liccii iKithiiij;- <if startling 
interest hi relation to tlie war since our 
last issue. Troops are beinj; rapidly oon- 
ceutrateil in Washin<;t(in and vicinity. 
There were at last accounts from twenty 
to twenty-five thousand troops at Wasli- 
ington, and there have been new arri- 
vals every day since; probal)ly not less 
than thirty thousand men are at the 
coinniand of General .Scott at this time. 
It is stated that iirofl'crs have Iieen made 
to the f^overnment of two hundred and 
fifty thousand men from the west of the 
Alle^hani<'S. 

The Xevv York Zouave regiment, 
under connnand of Colonel Ellsworth, 
reached Washington last week, and are 
described as a very reckless set of 
fellows, being made up of the lower 
classes of the New York firemen, and 
they are reported to lie '■sjiiling"" for a 
fight. It they meet Jefl'. Davis's troops 
little mercy will be shown the latter. 

The officers at Annapolis complain 
that they are mere emigrant runners and 
passenger agents, and that they can do 
nothing else but write passes for passen- 
gers. General Kutler lately expressed 
their feelings in an extinguisher, which 
he ]rut on a traveler w lio naturally 
enough asked where he should sleep. 
"My dear sir," said the General, "do 
you consider me the chamber-maid of 
tliis i>ost ?" 

General Butler, whose head-quarters 
are at Anna|iolis, visited Washington 
last wei'k, and dined with the veteran 
commander, (ieneral Scott. Previous to 
leaving Washington, General Butler ad- 
dressed tlie Massachusetts troops assem- 
bled at the Capitol. He returned to 
Annapolis, and on Saturday received 
dispatchi'S from General Scott placing 
the Sixth regiment, our own "glorious 
Sixth," and other troojis at his com- 
mand, and giving him three days to take 
possi'ssiou of the llelay house, at the 
junction of the Baltimore & Ohio and 
Baltimore & Washington railroads; nine 
miles from Baltimore, and thirty from 
Washington. General Butler, who is 
always "up to the times," rt'plied that 
he would hold ridigious services at the 
Kelay house the following day. The 
Sixth regiment m.arclied up early Sun- 
day morning, in a drenching rain, and 
at noon Sunday, the Massachusetts 
Eiglith and New York Fifty-eighth ar- 
rived at tlie lielay house, taking posses- 
sion of that and the telegraph wires, 
and conmianding all the railroads lead- 
ing thendrom. It is Ihouglit Iliat this 
movement is iii:ide (o inaugurate a plan 
of recapturing Harper's Ki'iry, though 
the\'irginia forces at the latter jilace are 
reporte(l to be in a poor condition ; and 
rumor has it, that (iovernor fjctcher has 
order('(l Ibe \irginia foi-(-<'s to evacuate. 

Regiments already formed are being 
sent forward with great rapidity, aixi 
new ones are being raised :ind ei|uipped 
in all the Xorlbern states, and in Mis- 
souri and Kentucky. The i)ro])osals of 
the government for loans are being 
prom|)tly taken, showing the faith 
which capitalists havi' in the move- 
ments of the autliorilies. 



TiiK Spirit Aroused bv the Bal- 
timore Fight. Mr. Edward Taylor, a 
private in one of the Lowell compaines, 
was severely wounded by being knocked 
down by a jiaving-stone while going 
through Baltimore with the Sixth regi- 
ment. As soon as he was able, he wrote 
to his father, Isaac Taylor, who was 
greatly aroused, and resolved to go 
himself, but being in feeble health, he 
could not get an opportunity. He con- 
sented to have his son Willi.am go and 
fill Edward's place. He, with eight 
others, go out with Colonel Cowdin's 
regiment to join the Sixth. We trust 
the good people of Lowell will remem- 
ber the family of the first sufferers in 
this war. 

iNSTIiUCTION.S TO THE MINISTER TO 

France. — Our government has been 
advised that at the latest dates no com- 
missioners from the Confederate States 
had presented themselves at the French 
court. The State department has in- 
structed Minister Dayton to make 
known to the Frenidi government that 
there is no idea existing in tliis govern- 
ment of sufl'ering a dissolution of the 
Union to take jihice in any way what- 
ever. The closing paragraph of Mr. 
Seward's letter to Mr. Dayton is as 
follows : — ■ 

" You have seen on the eve of your 
departure the elasticity of the National 
spirit, the vigor of the National gov- 
ernment, and the lavish devotion of the 
National treasures to this great cause. 
Tell M. Thouvenel, then, with the high- 
est consideration and good fe(ding, that 
the thought of a dissolution of this 
Union, peaceably or by force, has never 
entered into the mind of any candid 
statesman, and it is high lime that it be 
dismissed by statesmen in Euroi)e." 

Jekf. Davis' Pirates at Work. — 
The steamer Daniel Webster arrived at 
New York on Saturday from New Or- 
leans via Havana with her passengers 
and outward freight, having been or- 
dered hack by her agent at New Orleans. 
Steamer II'." It'. Webb, with two Z'l- 
pounders and a crew of seventy -Ave 
men. was at the bar with the intention 
of taking the Daniel Webster, hut while 
the ir. IK. Webb was waiting orders 
from Xew Orleans, the Daniel Webster 
put to sea without landing her passen- 
gers and cargo and succeeded in mak- 
ing good her escape, arriving at Ha- 
vana on the 28th ult. The schooner 
Wanderer was at Havana, and had been 
purchased for the Southern pirates for 
$2(1,000. The Havana was fully armed 
at New Orleans. Letters of marque 
were issued by .lefVerson Davis on the 
2Sth ult., and steamers Calhonn, Webb, 
and Matai/arda w<'re ready for iunuedi- 
ate service and prid)ably cruising in the 
Gulf. It is reiiorted th.-it a, stock com- 
pany has been I'ormiMl at Xew Orleans, 
with a capital of six millions, for priva- 
teering ])urposes. 

The other day at Lodi, 111., a woman 
cut ofl' the two forefingers of her hus- 
banil while he was asleep, to keep him 
from enlisting. This disables him by 
law. 



The Spirit of a North-Eud Boy. 

A well-known citizen of tlie North 
End, though confined to his house and 
unable to walk or stand, is anxious to 
do something for his country and its 
defenders. He thus writes : — 

I can sit still no lonyjer. My Ijiood boils in 
my veins when I think of the'comlition of my 
beloved country. ISoru in the old North End, 
llvinpr near the sjiot where dwelt the bold 
Revere, a mechanic, too, I feel I must do 
something — I know I can. Although crip- 
pled, being unable to walk or stand, I still 
have brains and hands, and will use them in 
the service of my country. Money or prop- 
erty I have non'e to otter in deteiise of the 
Sta'rs and Stripes; but can not I do some- 
thing? I can write, copy orders, — anything 
in that way. I can sew plain sewing, or I can 
make myself useful in sotne way. Please 
help me to a<ld my mite to aid those who arc 
fighting for me imd mine. Send me some 
work at my house, or send for me to come 
and help somewhere to assist the good cause. 
Yours, etc. EDWARD A. VOSE, 

33 Charter street. 

We hope that the wish of Mr. Vose 
may be granted. 



My Country's Cause is Mine. 

UY MRS. .1. H. IHNAFORO. 

Child of "tlie peaceful sect'* though I was 

born, 
Taught the brave warrior and his deeds to 

scorn. 
Yet, if I must, that birthright I resign. 
And henceforth own my country's cause is 

mine! 

Fling out the banner on the morning air, 
Let evening shadows find it floating there ; 
And when the midnight moon is rising high. 
Still ni.ay it wave between the earth and sky ! 

By all the memories of Bunker hill. 
Which hold their power to stir the spirit still, 
By all the hopes of freedom for our race, 
Be every man in his appointed place ! 

Round the fair .standard of our country's 

cause, 
And in defense of all her righteous laws. 
Let brave hearts rally, from the East and 

West, 
To save the country that we love the best. 

Death to the traitor tliat would lower her tfag. 
To hoist, insteai), the mean rahnetto rag! 
O'er all our land the Stars and Strijies sliouiii 

wave. 
For where they float not, there is Freedom's 

grave. 

" God Sliced the right! " to-day each true man 

cries; 
"God spceil tlie right! "each woman's heart 

replies. 
Be life and fortune laid on Freedom's shrine, 
AikI all hearts cry, " My country's cause is 

mine!" 
Bkvkri.v, April 21, 1,S61. — [Boston .lournal. 



A Southern merchant wrote lately 
to a large firm in this city, requesting a 
list of tiie names of those who supported 
and sympathized with the " Jloveinent 
against the South." The X'^ew Yorker 
replied by sending through Adams & 
Co.'s express a copy of the " City 
Directory."' Good for New York. — 
[N. Y. J^eader. 

The MattajKiii (Mass.) Eeeiister sug- 
gests to those dear women who are 
weeping over the absence of a husband 
or lover who has gone to defend the flag 
of his country from the insults of trai- 
tors, that the only tears appropriate at 
the present time are volun-tecrs. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



51 



From Ohio. 

A leading citizen of Marietta, O., 
writes to liis daugliter, who is at school 
in this vicinit}', under date of April 
24th : — 

" I came home from Columbus on 
Monday night. I returned with six 
companies of flj'ing artillery, which are 
stationed here in Marietta for the i)res- 
ent; not that there is the slightest ap- 
prehension of any trouble in this region, 
but because this is a good point from 
which to distribute troops, in case any 
hostile demonstration should at any time 
be made on the Ohio border. The very 
fact of their being here will make it 
quite unnecessary to demand their ser- 
vices. Besides, Western Virginia is 
nearly unanimous for the I'nion, and 
just lis ready to fight for it as N\e are. 
The utmost use we shall have for arms 
will be to prevent boats from passing 
with ammunition and other sup])lies to 
the Rebels. This even we are not likely 
to have a chance to do, for all boats are 
examined before reaching here. 

"Our company of one hundred and 
fifty men left liere Monday morning. 
Since they left, the excitement has 
greatly subsided, and we shall soon 
settle down to oiu- usual state of quiet. 
There is, however, such a stirring up of 
the conunuuity, that nine-tenths of our 
people are determined to know some- 
thing about military drill, and many of 
thinn are forming into volunteer compa- 
nies." 

Another correspondent from Marietta 
says that President Andrews has dis- 
missed three Southern students for talk- 
ing Secession. 



Patriot's Song. 

liV J. H. WOODS. 

Freemen, wake ! your country calls you ; 

Hark ! tile louil and trumpet cry ! 
Treacherous hantls would fain destroy her ; 

Freemen, wake ! to " do or die " ! 
Waken from your trustful slumbers; 
I'our to Freedom's aid your uuuibers ! 

Lo! upon the Southern breezes, 
Comes Secessia's cannon boom ; 

But our Hero, from his stronghold. 
Bravely utter'd Treason's doom. 

Freemen, haste to give him glory! 

Deeds like his should live in story. 

Near the city of our rulers, 
And our country's hallowed domes, 

Soumis the tramp of hostile traitors, 
Brin^iuK dit-ad to iK'Uccful homes. 

Rise! (-) rise, Columbia's lovers! 

Danger round your mistress hovers. 

Rally, then, around the standard. 
Freedom's sons! a valiant band! 

.Save, O save, her soaring eagle 
From the Foemau's ruthless hand ! 

Proudly now he sh.akes his pinions. 

Scorning Tj'rants and their minions. 

Wake ! ye sons of sires undaunted, 
Sleeping now in glorious graves; 

Safely guard that sacred birthright. 
Bought liy those who'd ne'er be slaves! 

Undisturbed shall be their ashes. 

While the sword of Freedom flashes. 

Freemen, wake ! your country calls you ; 

Treason's knell shall soon be tolled ! 
God shall be your righteous leader. 

As he led your sires of old. 
Wake, then, patriots, from your slumbers I 
Pour to Freedom's aid your numbers! 

Farmington, Me., April 26, 1861. 

— [Boston Journal. 



The Massachusetts Volunteers. 

BV WAi/rr.i: saa'a*;!: north. 
To the sound of martial music. 

And the war-drum's measured beat. 
The sons of Massachusetts 

File aloiig the crowded street. 
And a look of solemn meaning 

Is on every face we meet. 

And 1 see ou every feature 

The marks of honest toil — 
The giant from the smithy. 

And the tiller of the soil. 
Who have left the quiet hearthstone 

For the thunders of the broil. 

And their nerves are knit by labor 
At the furnace and the Hume — 

At the turning of tlie furrow. 
And the anvil and the loom ; 

'Mid the crash of whirling axles. 
And the mill-wheel's sullen boom. 

Jt was thus when Britain's tyrant. 

In the folly of his wrath, 
Coming with his high-born prowess. 

Like the mighty men of Gath, 
Found the simple son of XatiU'e 

Was the lion in his path. 

Even so the heights of Bunker, 
Like the field where David stood. 

Have unto us taught a lesson 
That the hand of toil is good ; 

And the nerves of woi'k are better 
Thau the nerves of birth an<l blooil. 

And I feel it as they pass nie. 
These swarthy sons of might, — 

These men of iron purpose. 
To battle for the Right,— 

That the hands which ^\v^^ng the hammer 
Will be dreadful in the tight. 

And I know that God is with them. 

When reposing on His grace. 
They shall lift the scale of justice 

In its long-deserted place. 
And proclaim the law of heaven — 

The Democracv of Peace. 

— [New York Sunday Mercury. 



"The Pilgrim Spirit is Not Dead." 

BV MliS. A. M. EUTTERFIF.LO. 

They deemed that our hearts were cold and 
dead. 
That their allur-fires burned low ; 
They deemed that the soul of the past was 
fled. 
That the pulse of the land beat slow. 

Ah ! list to the rush of the gathering band. 
As it musters for coming light, — 

Giving tlie gras)) of a jiarting hand. 
As they turn from their homes' dear light. 

And mark the flash of the streamers bright, 

The red, the white, the blue! 
Is it nifjht in the North, that their flashing light 

Streams up to our eager view? 

Nay ! but the bright and auroral gleam 

Is the glory of Freedom's day — 
Its rays and its stars unfading beam 

In our country's sky alway. 

List to the shouts from each field and hill. 
Where the sacred emblem waves! 

To the vows that are made with a steadfast 
will 
O'er our fathers' honored graves! 

Our fathers' souls from our eyes look out. 
And it swells in our hearts to-day ; 

We know no fear, and we know no doubt, 
But would die for our land, as they ! 

They are not dead ! — for a uiystic chain 
Tlieir spirit witli ours interweaves, — 

And it stirs in our hearts, and not in vain. 
As tlie wind 'mid the summer leaves. 
Boston, April 30. 



The Ashtabula Sentinel, in speaking 
of Captain Crane, of the Morgan volun- 
teers, who is a Methodist minister, com- 
pliments him as being " a true Christian 
and a good shot." 



Military Matters, Etc. — Review of 
the Military Movements of Last 
■Week. 

Nine days ago the Governor of this 
commonwealth received a leiegrapliic 
dispatch from the government at Wash- 
ington, to send twenty-four companies 
of infantry immediately, by comiianies, 
for the protection of the cit)' of >Vash- 
iugton, the Capital of the riiited States 
of North America, from the violence 
and attacks of traitors. Orders were 
inmiediately issued by (Governor Andri'w 
for the Third, Fourth, Sixth, and Eighth 
regiments to report forthwith at head- 
quarters for active service. 

These regiments were located as fol- 
lows, viz. : Third, Colonel Wardrop, 
chiefly in Plymouth and Bristol coun- 
ties; Fourth, ColiHiel Packard, in iiart 
of Bristol .and Norfolk counties: Sixth, 
Colonel Jones, in Middlesex county, and 
the Eighth, Colonel Munroe, in Essex 
county. The requisition was not ex- 
pected, but the orders were lmmedi:itely 
issued from the Adjutant-general's office 
to the respective colonels, one of whom, 
Wardrop, resides in New Bedford ; an- 
other, Packard, in Quincy ; another, 
Jones, in Lowell, and another, Munroe, 
in Lynn. 

All easterly storm of intense severity 
prevailed at the time, and contiiuied 
without abatement during the transmit- 
ting of the orders, by horse express in 
many of the towns, for the mustering of 
the troops — the wind blowing a gale all 
the while. 

At 9 o'clock on the following morn- 
ing, three companies from Marblehead 
arrived, fully armed, equipped, and uni- 
formed, and were quartered in Faneuil 
hall. These w ere the first companies to 
reach this city. 

During that day the Commander-in- 
chief received oniers for two more regi- 
ments, for P^ortrcss Monroe, Va., to go 
by water, and directing that the volini- 
teers destined by the previous orders for 
Washington were not to go by compa- 
nies, but by regiments, and that a brig- 
adier-general was to be apjioiuted to the 
comiiiaud. 

This caused considerable disarrange- 
ment, and new companies had to be de- 
tailed from distant regiments and battal- 
ions. Steamers had to be chartered and 
fitted out; additional arms had to be 
brought from the State arsenal, anil the 
Commissary and (,tuartermas(er's de- 
partments had to be very much in- 
creased. 

Of the companies that were detailed, 
one was from Pittsfield — two hundred 
ndles from Boston — under command of 
Capt. Henry S. Briggs, son of ex-liov. 
George N. Briggs, he having notified 
Governor Andrew that he was ready 
with his command, and ]iromising to 
meet any regiment to which he might 
be attached at Springfield. 

Another company was that from 
Stoneham, under Captain Dike, and in 
regard to this corps it is projier to state 
that at 11 o'clock <m the night of receiv- 
ing the dispatch from Washington, and 
amidst the most pitiless storm, a mes- 



52 



IXCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



seiiger was ilisiiatclicd fniiii I ho Stale 
house t(i notify ('a])tain Dike (wiio now 
lies severely wouinled al Baltimore) of 
the oi'ders received, and to infonii him 
that his eominand \\ ere \\ anted to report 
at the othee of the Adjutaut-treneral at 
as early an hour as possible in the morn- 
ing. At 7 o'clock, \.-\\.. only eight liours 
after lea\ ing the State house, the nies- 
si-nger reported to the Adjutant-general 
tliat he found Captain Dike at his resi- 
dence in Stoneham at 2 o'clock that 
morning; that he \\as in bed and asleep 
at tlie time, but tliat he arose and came 
to the door in liis night-clothes, when 
the orders from head-iiuarters were 
lianded to him. At '.i.;!0 o'clock the 
same morning, f'aplain Dike re])orted 
himself at the Adiutant-general's office, 
thus : — 

" .SYr, — I received the orders of the 
Conniiander-in-chief at 2 o'clock this 
morning, to have my comjjany ordered 
into active service, fully e(|uippe<l, for 
the defense of AVashington. I now re- 
port that I have my company here, uni- 
formed, fully e(iuip]>ed, consisting of 
sixty-four privates, eight nou-comnds- 
sioned officers, and four lieutenants, all 
that the law permits. I could have had 
more. I now await further orders." 

Captain Dike was at once directed to 
proceed to Faneuil hall and place him- 
self under command of Colonel Jones of 
the Sixth regivueut. 

The same evening, at .5.30 o'clock, the 
Sixth regiment, Colonel Jones com- 
manding, left the city, about eight hun- 
dreil ami fifty strong, by the land-route 
for Washington, with three days' jjro- 
visions in tlieir ha\ersacks, twent,v-five 
thousanii ball cartridges. an<l thirty 
thousand jiercussion caps. 'I'lieir recep- 
tion in New York and all along the 
route is already known. Caiitain Dike 
connminiled the companj' which was 
brutally and cowardly attacked at Balti- 
more. 'I'his was in less than forty-eight 
hours from the time he was aroused from 
his becl at his houK^ in Stoneham. 

Captain Briggs' com|iany from Pitts- 
fielil were at Springfield promptly on 
time, and were there joined to the regi- 
ment as it passed through that city. 

The same day on which the Sixth reg- 
iment, under Colonel Jones, left head- 
quarters, th<' Third ['egiment, Colonel 
Wai'drop. well sujiplied with provisions 
and annnuintion. left for Fort Monroe. 

Colonel I'ackard's Fourth regiment 
left l)y the I'^all Hiver route, every man 
averaging twenty-live ball cartridges 
and lifty ]>ercussion caps, with ample 
sujiplv of provisions. 

'i'lius it will be seen that in less than 
Ihirty-six hours' time from receiving the 
order thai troops w<'re wanted, Massa- 
chusetts sent forward tliree thousand 
live hundred men, and now Colonel 
Wardrop's regiment is at Fort .Monroe. 
A'a. : ('(donel I'ackard's regiiTient is in 
Fort Mcllenry; Colonel MuiU'oe's regi- 
ment, comi)rising ten full comi)anies, 
left the third day after, fully provisionecl 
and cared fcu', and at last accounts were 
al .Vmiapolis, Md. 

Next day (Siuulay), loUowed compa- 
nies from the Fifth and Seventh regi- 



ments combined, under Colonel Law- 
rence, which were joined by the Kifle 
Battalion, of Worcester, two hundred 
and fifty strong, under command of Jla- 
Jor Devens. The Boston Light Artillery, 
Major Cook, left in coniiiany with the 
foregoing, having with them sixty 
horses, ten tons of ball, cartridges, can- 
nister, and powder, and other necessa- 
ries, making in all, of artillery, rifles, 
and infantry, fully jn'ovisioned, armed 
and sujiplied for service, about four 
thousand two hundred men. 

Old Massacliusetts is a long distance 
from the national cajiital at Washington, 
and although she never made any ten- 
der of one hundred thousand men — 
when called upon she is the first to 
respond — the first in the tight, and her 
sons are the first to shed their blood in 
the cause of the country, and that, too, 
on the very anniversary of the memora- 
ble battle of Ijcxington, which opened 
the war of the Kevolution. 

AVe ha\'e no doubt that if a call for five 
thousand additional troo|)s were made 
on Massachusetts in this crisis, they 
would be forthcoming in as short a space 
of time, "armed and eijuii)ped as tlie 
law directs."' 

In this connection it seems proper to 
state that the labors and respousibilities 
of the Executive, the Adjutant-general, 
and i^uartermaster-geueral in tliis crisis 
ought to he considered seriously by our 
lieo]de. The Adjutant-general has the 
formation of five new regiments, and the 
filling up of those already in commis- 
sion ; the care and purchase of arms, 
ball cartridges, and other munitions of 
war, jirovisions, etc. The Quartermas- 
ter-general has e(jual responsibilities 
devolved upon him. They have con- 
tracts to make, involving hundreds of 
thousands of dollars ; they have to take 
care of those of our brave sons who are 
fighting in the South, who are the center 
and the hope of thousands of friends 
here, and whose acts are watched with 
unspeakable interest. 

At the head of all this is John A. An- 
drew, governor and commander-in- 
chief, who has been mitiring in his 
efforts to promote the comfort and efli- 
ciency of the troojis. Under this state 
of facts it is but fair to suggest that no 
intrusion be made upon tlieir time by 
persons presenting (picstions of compar- 
ative unimporlanee. hnpiirics should 
be made as short and Cfuieise as possible. 
Mis Excellency the Govermu-, through 
his jirivate sc'cretary, sjioke of this in 
the jiapers of last evening. We trust 
that all having business with the dejiart- 
meiil will bear these suggestions in 
mind. 

Tlio Uiin-boat and Coawi Guard. 

The rush for admission into the ser- 
vice of the government on the proposed 
Coast (Jiiard exceeds the present demand 
for ofiicers and men. A meeting of ap- 
plicants will be held at the f^orii ex- 
change. No. 4, on Tliursd.-iy afternoon, 
where the proper persons will be se- 
lected for the service. 

.\niiiiiinitioii for tlH> War. 

On Mondav night an order was re- 



ceived at the AVatertown arsenal, to send 
to Pennsylvania a quantity of ammuni- 
tion. Teams were at once employed, 
and a large (luantity was broughttothis 
city during the iii^ht, and taken to the 
Worcester depot. Yesterday morning it 
was forwarded to Harrisburg, each box 
being directed to Governor Curtin, of 
Pennsylvania. The amount sent was 
twenty tons, most of which was musket 
cartridges, numbering about four hun- 
dred thousand. 

The Eighth KeKiiueiit. 

The gallant Eighth regiment of Mas- 
sachusetts, while stopping at Philadel- 
))liia on Sunday, made up their minds to 
fight their way through Baltimore, and 
to this end many of tliem made their 
wills at the Girard h(mse, and a large 
number prepared cards containing their 
names and residences, ami attached them 
to their under-clothing, so that their 
bodie.s miglit be identified if thev sliould 
fall. 

Patriotic Demonstrations. 

The inliabitants of Attleboro" have re- 
solved to raise two companies of in- 
fantry for the service of the country. 
A subscription-paper was opened, and 
Ira Richards. Esq., president of the 
Attleboro" bank, headed the list with a 
subscription of .$1000, and in half an 
hour's time the sum was made up to 
.S82.-)0. It will be increased to .$.5000. A 
muster-roll was then circulated, and 
fifty-nine names were enrolled the first 
day. 

A large meeting was held in Plympton 
on Wednesday evening, Isaitih Churchill 
presiding. Appropriate resolutions were 
adopted, and speeches made. It was 
voted to raise .S'.^O for tlie benefit of 
Co. 11, Third regiment, of the town, 
now stationed at Fort Monroe, and 
for the benefit of their families during 
their absence. 

A letter from Middlebury, Vt., says 
the feeling there exhibits itself in deeds 
rather than in words. X fine company 
of sixty men has been raised, and is 
waiting orders from head-quarters to 
meet their regiment at the jilace of ren- 
dezvous. Those who can not enlist have 
pledged amjile support to the families of 
those who go. The ladies are actively 
at work, and have fully equipped the 
I'nion Guard, who hav(> been called into 
active service. The Stars and Stripes 
were raised on the college on Monday, 
amid much enthusiasm. The people 
are united as one man in the supjiort of 
their country and its government. 

The people of Tewksbury, Mass., held 
a large and enthusiastic meeting Monday 
night. Leonard Huntress jiresided. Ap- 
propriate resolutions were presented and 
passed, anil remarks were made by the 
chairman, I?. F. Spaulding, Esq., Hon. 
T. J. Marsh, Dr. Jonatlian Brown, Dr. 
William Grey, George Lee. and J. I. 
Taj'lor, Kscjs. It was unanimously 
voted to raise tit a future town-meeting 
a sum of money sufficient to make u|> 
the pay to all who may enlist as v(dun- 
teers in a company about to be raised in 
this town, to .$20 per month. The ladies 
of the town, who had been ludding a 



INCfDENTS OF THE CIl'lL WAR. 



06 



large meeting in the chiireli to take 
measures to supply volunteers with 
clothing, visited the meeting, and were 
received with heart}' cheers. An euroU- 
ment-list was opened, and the young- 
men put their names upon it at once. 

The "glorious Stars and Stripes" will 
be spread to the breeze in Union park 
to-day, at (i o'clock, i". Ji., from a flag- 
statr one hundred anil thirty-seven feet 
liigli. 

A splendid tlag was unfurled at the 
corner of Washington street and ( 'hester 
park yesterday afternoon, in presence of 
a vast concourse of the citizens of the 
Eleventh ward. Gilmore's band were in 
attendance, and discoursed most excel- 
lently our national airs. A glee-club 
sang during the intervals. Mr. Hyde, 
the well-known insurance agent, was 
master of ceremonies. A prayer was 
ofl'ered by llev. Mr. Webb, of the Shaw- 
mnt-avenue Congregational church, after 
which addresses were made by Hon. 
Alexander H. Rice, and Messrs". C. "W. 
.Slack, William Brigham, Oliver Stevens, 
and others. 

('onvocations of three and five thou- 
sand people are no unusual sights in this 
city, even upon occasions of such appar- 
ently trifling importance as the raising 
of the American flag. One of these vast 
assemblages was witnessed at the corner 
of Franklin and Washington streets 
yesterday afternoon, when a large — 
probably the largest in tlie city — flag 
was thrown across the street from 
'Washington building, by the owner, 
A\illiam Slieafe, Esij. The Brigade 
band were present and discoursed na- 
tional airs, hundreds of voices joined in 
singing "America," and a gentleman 
just returned from New York, where he 
saw the Massachusetts volunteers, made 
a soul-stirring si^eech, which was ap- 
plauded by the multitude. 

The women of Roxbury held a large 
and enthusiastic ujeeting at the City hall 
yesterday, and organized for the ]uirpose 
of making imderclothes for the vohm- 
teers. 

A yoimg lady has been heard to declare 
that she was sorry she could not fight in 
defense of her country's liberty, but she 
was willing to .allow the young men to 
go, and die an — old maid! When such 
sentiments are expressed, who can doubt 
that victory will be in favor of the Xortli, 
aye, that in spite of Rebel Secessionists, 
Union will be ours, and as a reward, hers ! 
Geo. Draper. P2sq., of the firm of E. O. 
& U. Draper, has enclosed to the Gov- 
ernor his check for #500, requesting him 
to disburse it for the relief of the fam- 
ilies of those Massachusetts soldiers who 
have fallen or may fall in obeying the 
call of their country. 

Chelsea is now engaged in raising three 
companies of volunteers, and the citi- 
zens, both male and female, are prepared 
to provide for their every want. 

Mr. Mason, the principal of the Eliot 
school, Boston, has raised .$1.50 among 
his pupils, to purchase a set of colors for 
the Irish regiment. 

.Several gentlemen of this city and vi- 
cinity are enrolling themselves as a cav- 
alry corps for home duty. All persons 



who are not liable to he drafted for more 
active duty can see the enrollment at tlie 
Conway insurance oflice, 70 .State street. 

Sunday was a day never to be forgot- 
ten by the citizens of Clinton. Mass. At 
noon word came to C.-ipfain ISowman that 
his command would probably be called 
out within forty-eight hours. Subscrip- 
tions were immediately starteil for the 
purpose of supi)lying them with every 
needful outfit. Jjadies with their sewing 
machines immediately gathered at the 
Baptist vestry, and while the afternoon 
services were being held in the body of 
the churcli, fifty machines and hundreds 
of nimble fingers were busy preparing 
suitable flannel under clothing. A com- 
mittee was dispatched to AN'orccster to 
procure a revolver for each member of 
the company — seventy-fl^■e were pur- 
chased. A meeting of the citizens was 
held Jlonday morning. II. X. Bigelow, 
Es<i., was chosen chairman, and H. C. 
Greeley, secretary. Praver was ofl'ered 
by Kev. C. M. Bowers". Enthusiastic 
and jiatriotic s))eeches were made b)' 
the chairman, and Revs. .1. M. Heard, 
C. M. Brown, W. W. Winchester, C. H. 
Waters, Esij., and others. About ^iOm 
have been raised by subscription. Thi' 
physicians volunteered to attend to any 
sickness that might occur in the families 
of the military free of charge. 

At a regular meeting of the Douglas 
Democratic club of Topsfield, on the 
22d inst., X. AV. Brown, Esq., the i)resi- 
dent, and C. H. Holmes, Esq., delivered 
patriotic Union speeches, after which, 
resolutions endorsing the position of 
Senator Douglas in the present crisis, 
denouncing Secessionists as traitors, en- 
dorsing the present administration, and 
pledging life and fortune to sustain the 
Star-spangled banner, were adopted. 
The club then resolved itself into a 
Xational Union meeting, and indulgeil 
in i)atriotie speeches and songs. 

A rousing meeting was held at the 
town-hall in Xewjjort, X. H., on Mon- 
day, T. A. Gilniore, Esq., in the chair, 
and A. X. Hitchcock, secretary. Patri- 
otic speeches were made by the chair- 
man.' who has been very active in ob- 
taining recruits, Paul .J. Wheeler, S. W. 
Barton, Hon. Edmund Burke, Rev. Paul 
.S. Adams, S. L. Bowers, Dr. J. A. Keed, 
and Lenmel P. Cooper. It was voted 
that .$1,500 be raised by the town to de- 
fray the expenses of fitting out volun- 
teers. A large number of ladies were 
present, who evinced their patriotism 
by oft'ering to make the articles of cloth- 
ing for the volunteers. Thirty-two men 
enrolled their names during the first 
two days after the list was 0])ened. 
James M. L. Barton is the recruiting 
officer. 

Two companies are rapidly filling u]) 
at Keene, X. H. Fifty young men vol- 
unteered in one afternoon. 

Xine young men at the City hotel, in 
this city, having volunteered, the land- 
lord, Mr. Gay, contributed some hand- 
some presents for their outfit, and the 
inmates of the house made up a purse 
sufficient to provide each one with a 
revolver. These useful weapons were 
fornuilly jiresented to them in the din- 



ing-hall. which was well filled with 
spectators, and remarks suitable to the 
occasion were made by Messrs. Mead, 
Stoop, and Crosby. An enthusiastic 
spirit pervaded the company, and the 
aft'air passed oft' with nuich spirit. 

Measures have been taken at Kings- 
ton for the inmiediate formation of a 
military company. The movement was 
initiated by William A. Thomas. Esq., 
a gri'at-grandson of Major-general 
Thomas, who commanded the American 
force upon Dorchester Heights, and died 
while serving as commander of the 
American army in Canada. The spirit 
of the patriot fathers still survives in 
their children. 

The directors of the Waltham bank 
have voted to loan the state ten per cent, 
of their capital, to wit, .$'20,000. 

An enthusiastic meeting of the citi- 
zens of Templeton was lield at the 
town -hall on Monday evening. Col. 
A. Lee in the chair. Resolutions were 
unanimously passed, pledging their 
hearty sujiport to the government. 
Enlistment papers were opened, which 
were readily signeil by the many citi- 
zens, and a company M'ill soon be filled 
up. Speeches were made by many 
Ijromineut citizens, of all political par- 
ties, and but one sentiment prevailed. 
The town voted to provide an outfit for 
all volunteers, antl provide for their 
families while absent if called into ser- 
vice. 

The old sea-girl isle of Xantueket is 
not behind the times in patriotism. The 
.Stars and .Striiies are floating from the 
shiiiping, and on all the prominent 
buildings in the place. The enthusiasm 
is unbounded, and there is strong talk 
of raising a company of volunteers. 
One old gentleman near seventy ofl'ers 
his services to the Governor. .Secession- 
ists find no quarter. One young man 
was discharged from a store for strong 
expressions made in favor of Southern 
traitors, and will be furnished with a 
coat of tar and feathers unless he uses 
less of his traitorous language. 

One of the largest and most enthusi- 
astic meetings ever held in Lancaster, 
JIass., was held on Monday. J. L. S. 
Thompson presided. Earnest and patri- 
otic addresses were made by several 
gentlemen, and a series of resolutions, 
pledging ''our lives, our fortunes, and 
our sacred honor" for the preservation 
of the constitution and support of the 
laws were unanimously adopted, amid 
tumultuous apjilause. It was voted to 
hold a legal meeting at the earliest 
practicable day, one week hence, and a 
volunteer list was opened, and the 
names of thirty men enrolled on the 
spot, and an efficient committee aji- 
pointed to obtain more names. 

A large and enthusiastic meeting of 
the citizens of Blaekstone was held on 
Monday evening, for the [lurpose of 
organizing a military company. Com- 
mittees were appointed to secure a 
charter for a company, to invite volun- 
teers, to call a town-meeting to equip 
the troops, and to have the men under 
thorough drill and ready fiu- marching 
as soon as possible. Four law.\'er< \'ol- 



54 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIl'IL WAR. 



uiit('(>ro<l on the spdt, and one iiliysiciun 
ottered his services as surgeon, wliile a 
goodly number of others affixed their 
names to the list. The ladies of the 
town ha\e already commenced their 
patriotic labors in behalf of tlie volun- 
teers. 

Andrew Carney, Esq., of this city, has 
given $.")00 to Capt. Thomas Cass for 
the benefit of his company of Irish vol- 
unteers. 

Some gallant volunteers and Union 
Democrats at llampstead, N. H., raised 
the Stars .-ind Stripes on the Democratic 
flag-stall' in tliat town on Saturilay last, 
in s))ite of the threatened forcible resist- 
ance of one of the Democratic magis- 
trates of the place. The patriotic indi- 
viduals had to resort to this flag-staff 
because the one owned by the Republi- 
cans had been damaged in a gale. 

All goods for the benefit of the sol- 
diers are carried free by Winchester & 
Co.'s express, between Boston and 
Gloucester. Office, 32 Court square. 

Sentiments of the Colored People of Bos- 
ton upon the AVar. 

The colored ]>eoide of Boston met last 
evening in the Twelfth Baptist church, 
Southac street, to express their senti- 
ments ujion the war. Kev. J. Sella 
Martin was chosen chairman, Dr. J. V. 
DeGrasse and G. AV. Potter were 
chosen secretaries. Kobert Morris, 
Esq., Thomas Williams, and M. K. 
DeSlortie were chosen a committee on 
resolutions. J. J. Smith said that the 
(lawn of day was not far distant for the 
colored race. An American flag was 
brought in and cheered most vocifer- 
ously. Mr. Smith said he was ready to 
defend the flag to the last. 

The resolutions re])orted state that 
the colored ijcojile are ready to defend 
the government and the flag of the 
country; and are ready to raise an army 
of fifty thousanil men, if the laws can 
but be altered to allow them to enlist. 
It was resolved that companies be im- 
mediately formeil for drill. 

Bobeit Morris advocated the resolu- 
tions in an elo(iuent and stirring speech. 
He said that if government would only 
take away the disability, there was not 
a man who would not lea]) for his knaji- 
sack and musket, and they would make 
it intcdi'rably hot for Old Virginia. 
[Great ajijjlause.] 

William Wells Brown opposed the 
resolutions. The time had not come for 
the colored man to volunteer. He 
wanted the colored man to go into the 
battle field the equal of the white man. 
The only hope to-day tor the colored 
man was in .jell'erson Davis. 

Mr. (ieorg<' T. Downing said he owed 
allegiance to this government. It iiro- 
tocted him, and he wanted it known 
that in this crisis he stood for his 
country. [Tremendous applause.) 

Dr. .1. S. Hock supported the resolu- 
t ions. 

James Jetterson, of Providence, also 
addressed the meeting, advocating them. 

The KnlistnicMte. 
The regiment of Major Clark is now 
iiculy full, and the i)ai)ers necessary to 



complete tlnMr organization were ob- 
tained from the Governor yesterday, 
and the companies will probably choose 
their officers to-day. Last evening 
Major Clark received from a generous 
and jiatriotic lady a silver box contain- 
ing .$100 in gold for the use of his 
troops. Sfi far the officers of tliis regi- 
ment have paid a large part of the ex- 
pense of feeding and taking care of 
the men from their own pockets, not 
liking to ask for aid that was not prof- 
fered to them. The cost of keeping 
nearly five hundred men is no small 
amount, and our citizens would do well 
to remember them in their contribu- 
tions. 

Meeting of Scotclimon. 

A preliminary meeting of Scotchmen 
who desire to form a company of home- 
guards was held at Chapman hall last 
evening. Many patriotic sentiments 
were uttered, and all were ready to de- 
fend their adopted country. It was 
voted to form a comjiany, but as most 
of them desired to enter at once on ac- 
tive service, they will jirobably join the 
meeting at the same place to-night to 
form a volunteer company. 



FROM WASHINGTON. 



A Slight Change. 



" Ul)sei"vatory Maury," once, ula.sl 
AVe called (nn- nation's ;^lory ; 

I'ul now witli pitying shruf^ tlie word wc pass : 
" Observe — rt tory — Maury ! " 



Captain Maukv disappeared from 
Washington on Friday, and Captain 
Scott was placed in command of the 
observatory. 

Lieutenant Mairv, the weather- 
cock, "disappeared" from Washington 
on Friday. lie probably saw a storm 
coming. — [Albany Journal. 

The Massachusetts Titoors. — 'i'he 
following extract is from a ju'ivate letter 
written by a gentleman in Philadellilii:i, 
a I'ennsylvanian : — 

"The JIassachusetts men, as they 
passeil through this city, won the high- 
est oi)inions of our people. They looked 
like soldii'rs, and behaved like gentle- 
men. The Old Bay State never stood 
so high in the o))inion of this public as 
now, and in some respects astonished 
folks in the neighborhooil of Broad and 
Prime (the depot). They had to lie 
over for a while, waiting for the cars, 
and some of our boys, as a test of our 
apiireciation. invited them to 'take a 
smile,' liiit. t/ici/ rr/nnid tu a man to enter a 
Itivern, but aecepied, with thanks, cott'ee, 
et<-.. from thi' residents of the vicinity 
of the di'pot. .\ large number acce|rted 
an invitation to breakfast at the deaf 
and dumb asylum at Broad and Prime. 

"The New ^'ork .Seventh were also 
men of cultivated int(dlect, and most 
perfect in military pn'cision and disci- 
l)line. Hotb the Massachusetts and New 
\'ork trooi)s far sur|)assed ours, and 
caused a feeling of shame in our folks, 
mixed with admiration, for the action 
anil ap|iearance of our gallant Eastern 
friends." 



Tlie City Strongly Guarded. 

Sixth Regiment Located in the Capitol. 



THE WOUNDED DOING WELL. 



ASSOCIATION FOR THEIR RELITF AND OTHER PURPOSES. 

The Washington Light Guard in Active Service. 

Washington, April 21 — Evening, 
via Philadei.I'Hia, April 23. There 
has been no communication with the 
North since Friday, by mail or tele- 
graph, and ])assengers to the North are 
forced to go by way of Wheeling. This 
city is strongly guarded, and every pre- 
caution taken to prevent an attack. 

The Massachusetts Sixth regiment are 
a part of the fifteen hundred men who 
are located in the Capitol. Colonel 
Jones has his head-quarters in the Sen- 
ate chamber, wliere lie octiipies the Mce- 
presidenfs chair. The men are rapidly 
becoming accustomed to soldiers' ra- 
tions. Fire-places and ovens have been 
built in the basement for them to cook 
and liake. The wounded men are in the 
hospital, and are doing well. 

Tlie General's Mode of Life. —The City, etc. 

From Friday to Thursday, with the 
mail cut oft' and the telegraph wires cut, 
the General-in-chief was intensely ex- 
cited. Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday 
he dispatched officer after ofiicer to 
.•\nnapolis. some of whom found it difii- 
cidt to get through on foot or horse. 
Fin.illy tli<' government seized the road 
to the junction, and the New York and 
Massachusetts troo]is working their w ay 
at the other road, friends met in arms, 
and the road to the Federal cai)ital was 
o]ien. There were, however, few" ac- 
connnodations even then, as the Balti- 
uHue people had kept nearly all of their 
jiassenger cars and engines out of reach 
of the government. 

General Scott has left his house, and 
taken up day and night quarters at his 
otlice. lie is feeble in body, but very 
clear, comprehensive, and active in mind. 
Visiting him at near midnight, he was 
sitting u]) in a plain, hard bed, in a very 
plain room, with but two candles on a 
center table near, and two of his aids near 
him in wailing. Dispatches arrive al- 
most every hour, night and day, borne 
by videttes from every quarter of the dis- 
trict, and by officers beyond the lini's. 
He demands the fullest information from 
every body, and before the New York 
troops arrived, declared that he was 
)irepared for an attack from ten thou- 
sand nu'ii by Virginia or Maryland, if 
they invaded the eai)ital. His greal anx- 
iety, grief, and doulit have been the dis- 
aft'ected citizens in the District of Colum- 
bia, scores of whom have left, but many 
of winnn, even now, remain; but all are 
known and watched with a Ivnx-eyed 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



55 



vigilance. Indeed, tliere has been an 
extensive Secession feeling here, and 
there are troops of the personal friends 
of Jefferson Davis and A. H. Stephens, 
who, as Southern men, liave been imieh 
respected. Xo Secession flag, however, 
floats here, and from the heights of 
Georgetown to the Capitol, nothing is 
seen but the Stars and Stripes, witli 
loyalt}' increasing every hour. 

Speaking of the Massachusetts Eighth 
and the New York Seventh regiments, 
an Annapolis letter to a New York paper 
says : — 

"The Massachusetts troops undertook 
the repairs of the bridge and track, they 
being familiar with such work, and 
would not allow the Seventh to lay their 
hands to anj- work; 'for,' they said, 
' you are not used to this kind of work, 
and we are. You can do the open field 
fighting, and we will do the hard work, 
and when it comes to a rough-and-tumble 
fight, you will find us there." 

"The warmest friendship has sprung 
up between these two regiments from 
the moment the}' met, and it was ce- 
mented by a little iucidcnt which was 
narrated to our reporter by an eye-wit- 
ness. Some of the Massachusetts troops 
were passing a squad of the Seventh, who 
were seated b}' the roadside eating their 
rations of biscuit, and, of course, they 
stopped to speak to each other; and in 
the course of conversation, one of tlie 
Massachusetts boys chanced to remark 
that they had n't had their rations yet. 
Instantly every one of the Seventh 
sprang to his feet, and although each 
man had only one biscuit, that was 
halved with their friends, as well as their 
salt jiork; and it was gladly accepted, 
for they had been out all day wifliout a 
mouthful to eat or drink. It was not 
long before this incident became known 
in the Massachusetts regiment, and from 
that time forward the Seventh have al- 
most been worshipped. Not a man in 
the Massachusetts regiment but would 
^o through fire and water to serve the 
Seventh. Of the twenty who came home 
in the Baltic, eighteen were invalided at 
Annapolis, by reason of sickness or 
physical inability to perform the ardu- 
ous duties required of them.'' 

A naval recruiting station has been 
opened at New Bedford, and another is 
to be oijened at Nantucket. Seamen re- 
ceive i$18 per month, and ordinary sea- 
men .fl4 per mouth, each recruit receiving 
two months' pay in advance. If Jack 
foregoes his grog, he gets $1.80 per 
month additional. 

It is stated that ex-President Buchanan 
has subscribed the sum of .$.5000 for tlie 
equipment of volunteers at Lancaster. 

The Providence Journal states that 
Fort Adams, at Newport, is now gar- 
risoned by a volunteer military force of 
seventy-four men, rank and file, named 
the "National Guard" of the First 
Brigade, Rhode Island militia. 

In order to provide for the health and 
comfort of the Rhode Island voluuteers 
now in the field, a corps of ten men will 
he formed, to be called the "Rhode 
Island Relief Corps to the Hospital 
Stafl'," to be attached to the First regi- 



ment Rhode Island detached militia. 
They are to assist the surgeons, and 
follo%\- the regiment into the field to look 
after the wounded. 

The frigate Cumberland was at one 
time in a critical situation at Norfolk, 
as appears by the following extract from 
a letter written on board : — 

"In consequence of repeated threats 
upon the navy yard, Flag f)fficer Mc- 
Auley removed us to a position oft' the 
yard. We were now in the midst of the 
enemj-'s country, with lint one escape 
through a narrow channel, of which a 
wind but from one quarter would be 
available, and surrounded by immense 
parks of cannon, which in one night 
could be turned against us. Troops 
were pouring in froui the surrounding 
country, the whole of Norfolk and 
Portsmouth were in arms, and truly our 
position was a perilous one. Night after 
night did our officers and crew lie by 
their guns, in expectation of each being 
their last, but all prepared for a desper- 
ate conflict." 



The Sixth Regiment Taking the Oath. 

The Worcester Transcript of yesterday 
afternoon has the following : — 

Capt. John B. Proctor, of Fitchburg, 
bearer of dispatches to Governor An- 
drews, passed through this city this 
morning at 4 o'clock. He left Washing- 
ton Tuesday night, and brought a large 
package of letters. From one of these 
private letters we make the following 
extracts : — 

" Washington, Monday Evening. — 
No new detachments of troops have yet 
arrived, though plenty are on their way. 
We are kept constantly armed, and it is 
rather hard to sleep with the scabbard 
sticking in one's side. We had a verj' 
ban! march this afternoon. First, we 
were all sworn in. All the men in our 
regiment, except six or seven, took it. 
Such a hissing broke out when those 
few went forward and refused to take it. 
I would rather have been shot than to 
have borne what they did, or what they 
will liave to bear. Not a man out of 
our ninety-seven but what cheered after 
they took it. 

"We marched round the ^Vliite House 
and had a good view of ' Uncle Abe,' 
aud I must say that I think he is a good- 
looliing man. The pictures of him are 
nothing like him. Then we marched 
back to the Capitol, and have just ar- 
rived. It was very warm, and our thick 
overcoats made us perspire freely. 
When we returned, we all had lame and 
sore feet. The only thing we fear is the 
warmth ; it will be bad being acclimated. 
Illness has been very scarce thus far. 

"On Monday noon the troops marched 
on the gi-een, front of the \Miite House, 
aud formed a hollow square ; with their 
left hand on their muskets and their 
right pointing toward heaven, every 
man took the oath anew. The Worces- 
ter Ijight Infantry was the largest com- 
pany at parade, numbering ninety-four 
guns. The whole regimeut was highly 
praised by General Scott. 

"We do not undervalue Southern 



lu'owess ; neither can you sneer at 
Northern courage, without proclaiming 
yourself to be possessed of 'coward's 
blood'; and let me assure you that you 
shall have no reason to be ashameii of 
Massachusetts troops. As 1 have before 
told you, the time will come when you 
will be proud to say, 'I am a Boston 
boy.' 

"The same blood that flowed in the 
veins of the men who fought at Lexing- 
ton aud Bunker hill, still Hows in the 
veins of her sons, and to-day Massachu- 
setts presents a spectacle that the world 
may gaze upon with admiration. From 
the workshop, the counting-room, the 
store, and the plow, her sons are jioin-- 
iug forth to defend that flag which their 
fathers unfurled, and it will be struck 
only when the last of her sons becomes 
a traitor or a coward." 



Arrival of a Messenger from General 
Butler. 

Mr. William Steffe, a resident of Phil- 
adel])hia, arrived in this city on Mon- 
day evening, as bearer of dispatches 
from Brigadier- general Butler to the 
Commander-in-ehief, having left Phil- 
adelphia at o'clock Sunday evening. 
Mr. Steft'e reports that General Butler 
has established his head -quarters in 
the Quaker city until the return of 
his messenger, from whence he had 
ready connnunication with a portion 
of his command ( the Eighth regi- 
ment ), which was stationed at An- 
napolis Junction. Maj. P. A. Ames, 
quartermaster of the first division M. 
V. M., was at Philadelphia, superin- 
tending the transportation of troo])s and 
supplies. The Massachusetts troo]is, 
who have passed through Philadelphia, 
are all in good spirits, and were well 
supi)lied with every thing they wanted 
by the good people of that city. 

None of the Philadelphia companies 
had reached Washington at the time Mr. 
Stett'e left for Boston, although thej' 
were all under marching orders. So 
intense is the desire to join the armj', 
that some are ofl'eriug heavy premiums 
to be allowed to go as substitutes. The 
Gerard house has been converted into a 
mannnoth manufactory of clothing for 
the volunteers, and thousands of the 
staid but patriotic matrons of the City 
of Brotherly Love are following the 
example of their sisters in M;issachu- 
setts and other states in the North, in 
providing for the wants of the soldiers. 
This week the hospitals in Philadelphia 
will be prepared for the reception of 
the sick and wounded, who may be sent 
down from Washington. 

The "Reign of Terror" in Bal- 
timore. — Two men, who came passen- 
gers from Philadelphia with Mr. Stefl'e, 
report that they were compelled to pay 
.$100 apiece before they could leave that 
city. 

The Providence Journal says that in 
the Rhode Island regiment not ten men, 
if they were asked whether they were 
Republicans or Democrats, could tell 
without stopping to think. 



56 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Important from the South. 

NO ATTACK ON FORT M'HENRY. 

Sad State of Affairs at Baltimore. 

NO VIRGINIA TROOPS NEAR WASH- 
INfiTON SUNDAY NIGHT. 

Massaclinselts and New York Troops at ADiiapolis, 

14,000 TROOPS AT WASHINGTON. 

LATER FROM NORFOLK. 

Frigate Cumberland Towed to Fort Monroe. 



Maiisachusetts Third Kegiineiil Taken to 
Norfolk Navy Yard. 



DEMOLITION OF THE NAVY YARD COMPLETE, 

Particulars of the Destriiction of the 
Government Property. 



New York, Ai)ril 2.3. The steamer 
Yankee rei)orts ari'ivoil at Norfolk on the 
r7th, and tindinp; a movement atloat to 
seize her, iiroceeded to the navy yard 
and placed her under tlie guns of the 
yard. 

On the 18tli, tlie Custoin-house officers 
came to seize her, bvit the Commodore 
of the yard refused to yield her. The 
Yankee towed the Cumberland to Fort 
Monroe. 

Tlie Pawnee, nnder Commodore Pauld- 
ing, on arrival at Furl Monroe, took 
aboard the Third Mass.-iehusetts regi- 
ment and proceeded to the navy yard, 
where the officers had commenced de- 
stroying the ])iihlie |iroperty, to jireveut 
its falling into the liau<is of the enemy. 

They liad scuttb'd all the shljis, tlie 
Cumberland being the only one in com- 
mission; they cut down the shears, etc. 
I're|iarati(ins wen' made to luake demo- 
lition complele. 

The Pawnee, with the Cumberland in 
tow, assisted by the Yankee, started, 
and, after sending u)) a signal rocket, 
a match was ai)i)lied, anil in an in- 
stant shijis, the sln|i-houses, and store- 
bouses were in llauKS, :irid so rajiid were 
they that < 'oimiiander Rogers of the 
navy, and ('a))taiu Wright of the engi- 
neers, were imaV>le to reach the i)oinf of 
rendezvous, where a Ixiat was waiting 
to)' them, and were left behind. 

Among tlie most valuable projierty de- 
strfiye<l w('rt> the liners Pennsylvania, 
Colnrnbus, JVew York, and Delaware; 
frigales Merrimar and PoCamac ; sloo])s 
(lermanUiwn and I'lyintmth, and brig 
Dolphin. 

Large i|uautities of provisions, cord- 
age, machinery, and buildings of great 
vjilue were destroyed. It is not posi- 
tively known thai llie dock is blown up. 



The burning of the navy yard was done 
by I'nion men, who are in the majority, 
but com]jaratively unarmed. 

When the Patnnee eame up, the Ctim- 
berland and Merrimac lay broadside to. 
Iter guns loaded, thinking she was in the 
hands of the Kebels. .Similar opinion 
jirevailed on board the Pawnee, and she 
was ready for action. 

The cheering aboard the vessels and 
on shore showed how satisfactory was 
the answer to our hail from the Cumber- 
land, that she was tlie I'nited States' 
Paronee. The Union lueu employed in 
the navy yard cut down the tlag-stafl'so 
that it could not be used by the rebels. 
Tlie guns in the navy yard were spiked. 

Pnii.Ai>i;i.i'HiA, April 2.3. The Balti- 
more A^nerican of Monday confirms the 
scuttling of war-ships Pennsylvania, 
Columbus, Delaware, liaritan, and the 
Merrimac, at Norfolk, by order of Cap- 
tain Pendergast, and the destruction of 
their arms only. 

The vessels saved to carry away the 
government forces were the Pocahontas 
and Cumberland. Tlie ship-houses were 
being torn down, ami the factories lev- 
eled with the ground, with the intention 
fd' abandoning .•uid firing them on Satur- 
day night. 

The mayors of Norfolk and Ports- 
mouth had sent fiags of truce to Pender- 
gast, asking if he intended to firi' on the 
towns. He replied he would act alto- 
g<'tlier on the defensive. If fired upon, 
or the navy yard attacked, it would be 
his duty to fire on the two cities. 

It is not known whether the Pawnee 
entered the harbor or leturned to Fort 
Monroe. The excitement at Norfolk 
and Portsmouth is intense. AVomen and 
children are flying, and males rallying 
to arms. 

It is expected that the sloops and 
ships of the line at Norfolk on the stocks 
will be fired before the yard is abandoned. 
The leveling of buildings by tin- blow ing 
of powder is going on, liut it is thought 
there will be an efl'ort to destroy all 
witliout fire, for fear that the conflagra- 
tion might extend to the cities. 

llARuisHUKG, Pa., April 2:i. .\ mer- 
ch.'int of Haltimore arrived here via 
Frederick and llagerstown, wlio left 
Baltimore yesterday afternoon. No 
I'liion flags were flying, ami tew Seces- 
sion. There had been no attack on Fort 
McHeiiry. He thinks no more than two 
hundred Federal troops were there. 

He believes that Federal troojis can 
now jiass through the city unassailed. 
In the city, military drilling and march- 
ing and the soumi of music are alone 
heard, business is entirely suspended. 
Will not be a solvent house in Haltimore 
at the end of the week. Virginia inone_y 
was thirty per cent, discount yeslerday. 

The gentleman was at Washington on 
Sunday evening. No \'irginia troojis 
were on Arlinglon heights. [This is 
one day later than ('aleb Cushing's re- 
port.] lie says H;iltimoreans will not 
attack Washington. 

Reports the Kigbtli Massacbuselts and 
the .Seventli New York regiments at .Vn- 
napolis. Some lighting, biii lUKible to 



give any particulars, save that they v* ere 
able to protect themselves. Maryland 
money was refused entirely by tlie banks 
of llarrisburg yesterday, at any ijrice. 
Brokers bu.v it at a heavy discount. 

Annai'OI.is, Mu., Sunday, April 21. 
Steamer Maryland arrived this morning 
with eight hundred Massachusetts troojjs 
under General Butler. Another steamer, 
with the Seventh New \'ork regiment, 
also arrived. The frigate Constitution 
convey.s them to Washington. 

Governor Hicks is said to have pro- 
tested to General Butler against lauding 
his troops at Annapolis. They were 
consequently landed at the naval acad- 
emy, over which the government has 
exclusive jurisdiction. 

The above is on the authority of dis- 
patches to the Baltimore American. 

Mayor Brown, of Ballimore, went to 
Washington on Sunday, at the request 
of the President, and had a long inter- 
view with him in the presence of the 
Cabinet and General Scott. The Presi- 
dent urged the necessity for the transit 
of troops through Baltimore. 

(ieneral .Scott's opinicui was in favor 
of bringing troojjs through Maryland, 
avoiding Baltimore, if the peo])le would 
jiermit it uninterruptedly; it not, the 
troops must select their own best route, 
and if need be, fight their way through 
Baltimore. 

The President concurred heartily in 
the desire to avoid collision, if permitted 
to go by other routes without interrui)- 
tion. 'i'he Secretary of War agreed with 
the President. 

The Maym- assured the President that 
the city authorities would use all lawful 
means to prevent citizens leaving Balti- 
more to attack the troops in jiassing Ihe 
city .at a distance, but was unable to 
jiromise uhu'C than his best efl'orts. 

The President lias assured the Mayor 
that no more troops would be sent 
through Baltimore, unless obstructed in 
transit by other routes, with the under- 
standing that the city authorities use 
their best efforts to restrain their own 
people. 

Information is being received of the 
presence of Pennsylvania troops at 
Coekeysville. They were ordered baik 
to York or llarrisburg. 

Steamer S. R. Spaulding arrived at 
Fort McIIenry on Sunday, and remained 
si^vera! hours taking in coal. .She left 
for solium safe harbor. The Baltimore 
directors are determined that the slii)) 
shall not jiroceed to Boston, fearing she 
will be pressed into tlie government 
service. 

Philadelphia, April 2:1. Two hun- 
dred and thirty women, nearly all be- 
tween the ages of eighteen and twenty- 
five, have enrolled themselves in this 
city as nurses. 

."k splendid uniform for a major-gen- 
eral, in a case bound South, was seized 
yesterday. 

Fort ^lifflin has been garrisoned by 
the Riclimoiid Artillery. 

.V piratical vessel is said to have been 
seen in the bav. It is alleged that she 



lArci DENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



0( 



is manned by fifty or sixty men. She is 
said to have stopped a tug oft' Chester, 
and oorapelled tlie captain to liaul dow n 
the American flag. 

Private information from Baltimore, to 
Monday morning, says the mob element 
is powerless to act with system. Arms 
were plenty, l:)ut no annnunition. It is 
believed, however, tliat the people and 
mob will unite to prevent the passage 
of troops through the eity, and troops 
will be compelled to figiit their way 
step by step. 

The people of Norfolk seized the pow- 
der house at Craney island, and removed 
the powder to the eity. They are mak- 
ing arrangements for a vigorous de- 
fense. 

Commandei'S E. L. Page, Artlmr C. 
Clapp, J. 1!. Tucker, Lieuts. C. F. M. 
Spottswood and Robert Pegram, have 
received commissions as captains in the 
Virginia navy, having sent their resig- 
nations to the United States navy at 
Washington. 

The railroad between Baltimore and 
Washington was destroyed yesterday. 
Some of the bridges are destro.yed. 

At noon yesterday there were over 
one thousand soldiers from Philadephia 
at Havre de Grace, emliarking on two 
boats for tlie Xaval academy at Annap- 
olis. The Itoats had just returned from 
a sinnlar expedition, liaviug safely 
landed a large body of men at tlie point 
designated. The people for some dis- 
tance south of the Susquehanna are 
Union men, and will assist in the defense 
of Havre de Grace against tlie Seces- 
sionists. 

New YoiiK, April id. Steamer Yan- 
kee has arrived. Scliooner Hannah Mar- 
tin, from Boston to Baltimore, and the 
three-masted schooner E. B. Bennett, 
for Baltimore, witli beef, pork, and 
whiskey, and clothing, have been seized 
by the government steamer Mercuri/. 
Steamer Vixen is on similar duty at the 
entrance of Ijoug island sound. 



Burning of the Norfolk Navy Yard. 

The following extracts from a private 
letter received by E. t'. Symonds, of this 
city, give some incidents connected with 
tlie burning of the Norfolk navy yard : — 

Four JIONKOK, Va., April 34. 
We arrived hero all right, last SatnvJay 
morning, at li> o'clock ; had dinner, etc. ; was 
ordered on board the Pawnee steam sloop-of- 
war at 5 p. m., as news had come that the Nor- 
folk navy yard had been seized. It is ninetj'- 
3ix miles "above ns, and we had heai'd that 
several batteries had been erectc<l lor our re- 
ception , so we loaded witb ball cartridges and 
hid nnder the bulwarks. For miles not a word 
was allowed to be spoken above a whisper. 
Both batteries on the Patrnee were loaded with 
grape and shell. We arrived at last, but came 
very near being tired into at the last moment. 
We did not know who had [lossesslon of the 
yard. W^e did not sail until the very last mo- 
ment; the Cumberland, a 44-gun frigate, had 
every gun shotted and trained on us, and was 
just giving the order to fire, when we hailed, 
and then if ever you heard a cheer there was 
one from the Cumherlund and Pennsijlraukt. 
We then landed and commenced throwing 
shot and shell, chain cable, and every thing 
that could sink overboard ; spUcing "all the 
cannon, scuttled and set on fire the Merrimac, 



Uermantoirn, liaritan, and the Pennsi/lrania, 
put tinpentine anil powder under all the ship, 
houses, and all the buildings iu the yard. 
While we were tlirowing the shot oviirbbard. 
a man c.ame rushing iu and demanded the im- 
mediate surrender of the navy yaril, in tlu' 
name of Governor Letcher, of \""irginia. lie 
was told he could have it the next morning. 
There was a big crowd outsiile the gates all 
this time, saying that five tlnuisantl mtMi were 
within three miles, who would be there soon, 
so a strong guard of marines was stationed 
there. They shot one man and took two pris- 
oners, one of whom was unfortunatelv burnt 
to death in the guard-house, when the yard 
was lireti. One prisoner was t.aken into the 
Pnir/iec'.-i boat, and olfered some resistance, 
when the (ir.st ofticer of the ship drew his re- 
vnl\-ei'; lie attempted to sjiring overboard, 
and the offleer tired ; just as he did, one of the 
sailors, leaning o\'er to grasp him, caught the 
shot, killing hitn instantly. We then set every 
thing on tire at .'i .-\. M., and towecl the Ciitnher^ 
land out. \w\ talk about tire-works; this 
would beat anything you ever saw — it was 
past di'Seriptio'n. Wiie'n we got d(}\vn oppo- 
site tile batteries, we liad every man stationed 
with his gun at full cock, and both batteries 
nnmned, but they did not dare to tire. 

(ioveriu)r I.etciiereame here in a steam-I)oat 
yest(U-da\'. with a Ilag of truce Il\iiig, and de 
manded "the surrender of the foia before Fri- 
day, or he should take it all h.azards. So we 
are expecting an attack every day. 



Mother Goose and Jeff. Davis. 

Davis is a traitor; 

Davis is a thief; 
Davis steals from " LTncle Sam," 

But soon he '11 come to grief. 
Foi" " Abe " will send to Davis' liouse. 

And if he has n't fled, 
One of the Zouave butcher boys 

\\\\\ chop off D.avis' head. 

— [Vanity Fair. 

Reliable Statements of Matters at 
Washingtou- 

A gentleman who left Wasliingtou on 
Tuesday noon arrived in this city this 
morning, and has kindly favored ns with 
an account of luatters there and at Balti- 
more. 

There were not over five tliousand 
men then in the capital, of whidi three 
thousand wer<' district troojxs. A great 
deal of anxiety was vnanifested for the 
arrival of otiier troops. The trains 
were running between B.iltimore and 
\Vashiugton. The track from .\nnapo- 
lis .Tuiu'tion to Annajjolis was displaced. 
All the liridges from Baltimore to Vork, 
Pa., are burnt, eight or ten in number, 
some of them quite large. Tlie bridges 
between Baltimore and Havre de Grace, 
as before stated, are all burnt. Our in- 
formant went from Baltimore to Vork. 
Pa. 

On Tuesilay niglit a large body of 
troojis left Vork for AVashiiigton, intend- 
ing to march to the IJelay liouse and 
there take the cars. Five hundred 
United States troops liad arrived at 
York from Texas and would jji'oceed at 
once to Washington. The twenty-five 
hundred Pennsylvania troops which 
had l)een ordered back from Cockeys- 
ville were at Vork. 

Great ditticulty was experienced at 
Baltimore in obtaining conveyances 
from the city. Our informant paid 
sixty dollars for a hack to Vork. 
Every liody who could leave tin- citv 



\\as liasteiiiiig away, leaving every 
tiling l)eh!nil. The hackmeii were reaji- 
ing golden harvests. 

It is reported tliat before l!ari)er's 
Ferry was destroyed a large [lortion of 
the best arms were put on tlie cars for 
Washington, and tliat a large number 
of these were treacherously sent to 
Baltimore and are now in the hands of 
tlie mot). 

Scouts are Hying everywhere. Om- 
informant was sto])]ied thirty times by 
armed men, who iinpiired bis Imsiness 
and destination. He was searched 
three times at Baltimore, but tliose who 
searched him found iiotliing which 
would justify his detention. 

Great fears were expressed at Wasli- 
ingtou that the city would suller for 
want of fresh provisions, and it was 
hoped that the authorities a( the North 
would semi on suiiplies at once. 

Our informant had a conversation 
with (Jeneral Scott just before he left. 
The old hero is mucli worn with inces- 
sant labor, anil is iiuicli eoneerned in re- 
gard to the delay in the concentration 
of troops. He is awake to the immi- 
nent danger of the capital, more so 
than the government. It is re|>orted 
that General Wool is to he summoned 
to Wasliington to aid him. (ieneral 
Scott said that the Xorlliern troops, in- 
stead of going to Aniiaiiolis, should go 
up the Potomac and land below the 
White-house battery, as it is called, 
seven miles only below Washington, 
located on the Virginia side, and in pos- 
session of the Virginians. He thinks 
tliat they have not at the present time 
any means of stopping boats below 
that point. 

Tlie Massachusetts citizens resident 
iu Washington have formed a Kelief 
Supply association, of which George 
W. McClelland is treasurer. Our in- 
formant says that tliere is imperative 
need of money at the present time. 
The personal b:iggage of tlie Sixth, and 
a portion of the cam]) equipment, tlie 
medical chest, I'tc, was left at Balti- 
more, and Is in i)Ossession of the mob. 
A portion of the funds raised in this 
city should at once be sent to Mr. 
McClelland, that troops may be made 
comfortalile. 

'I'he Sixth regiment was received 
\\ ith great rijnieiug. ('apt. J. B. Proc- 
tor, of Fitchi)nrg, who lias spent the 
winter in Washington, gave all his time 
and energy, and advanced liberal sums 
of money to the Sixth. Others joined 
in the good work, and their necessities 
were in a measure relieved. 

The Baltimore American of Tuesday 
states that (ioveriior Hicks h.is taken 
command of two thousand Maryland 
troops, hastily assembled at Annapolis 
to disjiute the passage of tlie Massachu- 
setts and New ^'ork trooi>s to Washing- 
ton, for whidi jilaee it was reputed they 
had taken uji the line of march. 

T'he New Vork I'oi^t publishes a letter 
from the New ^'ork Seventh regiment 
at Annapolis, which states that the 
steamer containing the Massachusetts 
troops was run aground on reaching 
.\nna])olis, by a .Seei'ssiouist pilot, :ind 



58 



IXC/DHNTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



it is .Siiiil tlial lln' i-:iptaiii of tlii' boat 
is in irons, ami tliat tlie pilot has Im'cu 
shot. The Seci-ssionists uiade an at- 
tempt to sci/.f till' Cnnstllution scliool- 
shiji, hut the niidshiinuen toiv up the 
railroail tracks and prevented their 
reaehinj; tlie plai'e. 

In regard to the reported seareity of 
l)rovisions at Annapolis, the evening 
Poxt, says : — 

" The stories about the shortness of 
supplies at Annapolis are undoubtedly 
exajifjerated. The Baltic, which left 
lier<' for that port on Sunday, is there 
by this time, and was loaded with bags 
of bread and boxes of preserved meats. 
Im .-iddition, she had on board all the 
supiilles she took to re-inforoe Sumter. 
Kveu the portion of her cargo which 
was taken out was i)ut on board again. 
One other vessel certainly, ami perhaps 
two, sailed from this port on Sunday 
for Aiinai)olis with i>rovisious." — [Bos- 
ton .louriial, April 2.5. 



Letters from the Massachusetts 
Troops. 

We have received the following ex- 
tracts of letters from the Massachu- 
setts trooi)s in Washington and others 
on the way there, «hich will be read 
with interest : — 

CoiHlition 4»f Captain Dike. 

A letter from Baltimore, dated the 
.'iOth. says that Captain Dike, of the 
Stoueliam company, who was badly in- 
jured during the Baltimore tight, "is 
doing well, and is better than could 
have been expected. He is in good 
spirits, and thinks he will not be con- 
tiued to his bed long. The best of care 
is talicu cif him. Tlie wound is through 
the Ibick part of the thigh, by a minie- 
ball, which passed clean through.'" 

.•Another Account of the Baltimore Fipjht 
by a Participant. 

We have a letter from Lieutenant 
Kowe, of the Stoneham company, who 
was in the thickest of the tight. It 
is dated Washington, Ajiril 201 h. lie 
says : — 

I lijivf no iloiit)t you will lie ^'l;i<I to Iiear 
liiini us, to liuow wl'icttu-r we still live or not. 
We do, but no thanks to the Itnltiuiorcans for 
it. They trieil hard enouf^h to kitl us. We 
reaelu'ii' Haltiuiorc at iuK)u on Friday. .\s wo 
arriveil at the depot a larfjjc crowd collected, 
aiul asU(Mi tlic nu'u whtu'e they cauu^ from aud 
where tlu»y were bound. ^Ve instructed the 
men not t<) say anything to tlicni. aiul tlu^y 
came to the conclusion tliat, wc came trrun 
New ^'orli. It was iidcudcd to liavc tin' whole 
rcj^imcut march thron^li tlic city instead of 
ridinj^ to the dcpiit, tor \\'astiin{^t<ni, but s(nuc- 
lu)w wc j^ot sei)arateti, aiul all but four com- 
panies rode, wliilc we wcr(_' left to uuirch 
llirouf<h the city, tlur rails bciuix torn uj) as 
soon as tlu! tir'st jiart of tlie train lelt. 

Four companies are from I.awrem^c, two 
frinn Lowell, aud the -Stoiudiain Lifiht Inlan- 
try lett the cars and formed at the depi)t,and 
there waited for the baud, with the intention 
of ttanl^iiij^ it (m Ijotli sides; but it did not 
come, and we bcj;an our march with the old 
M.issacdiusetts 11a;; llyiiij; over us. snch a set 
ot rou^lls and darc-dcvils as beset us 1 never 
saw before. 'riie\' r:iise(l thi^ .Secession flag, 
whii'li was torn down by I., s. Lynde,our Jirst 
liiuUcnant, and strii>i>cd into "shoe - striiif^s. 
Let all .stoneham give him thr<:e rousing 
cheers. 

W'c inarched in close ranks, so as not to h.^1 
them get into our company. They saitl wc 
could never go llirouijh the city "alive, and 



called us every tiling hut honest men. We 
paid no attention to tiiem until they began to 
press upon us. We then moved on double- 
quick time, and they let the stones and bricks 
fly; still we did nnf return the lire, and tlicy 
rushed ftu'thc 1> ridge to tear it up, but we were 
too riuiek forthc-m. and rushed across, driving 
thiaii at till' iHiiut of the baytniet. Then the 
liistols of the rowdies began to play upon our 
men. Wc could not stand that, aItl]Ough the 
order was not to lire upon them. The.v did 
not knowwc were loaded, but every gun was, 
and wc began to let the cold lead fly and to lay 
them right and left. They were astonished, 1 
can assure .\-ou. They seemed dctcrniined to 
have our colors, but they wen- disapiioiuted 
ill that, and the colors \v"ent through the (;ity 
in si>itG of the ruflians. We had the hottest 
time as we crossed the bridge. They julud 
tivcry thing in our way to stop us. I was near 
the colors at this time. The missiles flew like 
hail, and I ordered the company to fire, and 
they picked otl'si.i oreightof the Rebels, wlio 
scattered in all directions. 

Tliey killed two of our men,* James Iveenan 
and Horace Danforth- Captain Dike was 
woinuled, and was left in the city. We sup- 
posed he was in the cars until we were olf. I 
was wounded in the head, hut not much in- 
jured; (.:. L. Gill had a bullet put through his 
leg; s, L. C'olley, injured on the head by a 
stone ; Wm. H. Young, Warren Holdeu. Daniel 
Brown, Henry Dike, Wm. G. Butterfleld, and 
.John Fisher were wounded, and are at the 
hospitaj. Tell Old Massachusetts to arouse 
and gi\-e us more men ! 

Letter f ronj a Member of the Eighth Kegi- 
nient on Board Frigate Constitution. 

A soldier of the Eighth regiineiit, on 
lioard frigate Constitution, olf .Vunapolis, 
after giving an account of tlie jiassage 
on, says : — 

ANNAi-oi.is, iMouday, April 23 — 111 .\. M. 

We arrived on Suutiay." ^Ve were ordereil 
on hoard the CDitaiitiitlon, and worked hard 
tlirec hours getting some of the guns out to 
ligliteu her, so she could float over the bar. 
i thought of you all, as being at church on 
this beautiful morning, and I here dirty, and 
worliing like a dog for a good cause. At 
twelve, Sunday noon, we received re-inforcc- 
meiits, aud w'orked hard till eight in the 
evening. It was the hardest day's work 1 
ever did, and all I had to eat, besides our sup- 
per ami breakfast, was two small crackers. 

.\t ti o'idock we were called to quarters and 
iuloruied that there was a prospect of an 
attack. It was rumored that five thousand 
men were coming fi-om lialtimore to attack us ; 
that two steamers were coming down the 
bay. We were assigne<l our duties to work 
the gnus; a portion of us were held as a re- 
serve. I was armed with a cutlass and revol- 
ver. We were also directed to use the board- 
ing pikes. I must say, if it looks like brag- 
ging, that I felt not the slightest fear. In 
fact, I /M full o/fitihl !" 

'I'he steamers provetl to be a tow boat 
and the Boston with the New York 
Sev<'ntb regiment, so that our brave 
vohintecr had no opportunity to show 
his pluck. 

F(H!T PicKFNs. — It is manifest, from 

the tenor of .ill the accounts, that the 
Secession ]irograiiime for the reduclioii 
of I'"ort I'ickeiis halts badly. (ieneral 
Bragg seems to think that "hold fast" 
is the better dog in this case, iiml is said 
to have lUndared for a defensive iiolioy. 
The latest letter from that vicinity 
says : — 

"Eight I'nitcd States vessel.s were oil' 
Fort I'ickeus on the 21sl inst., with tlwir 
guns ready for imuieiliate ad ion. ,\ 
United .Stales land force of live tliou- 
saml men is to co-o|ierate wilh Fort 
Pickens. Il is Ixdieved that the licet 
would scalier the revolutionary army to 

* Not killed; a mistake of the writer. 



the four winds, and be able to retake the 
navy yard ami forts near Warrington.'" 

Why do n"t they do it. then':' The 
mtunent the time arrives when the Fed- 
eral officers deem their strength adequate 
for the enterprise, they should open 
upon the Rebels, drive them away, iind 
retake the valuable property of the gov- 
ernment. There should be decisive ac- 
tion some way, and not have the oppos- 
ing forces sitting still and staring at 
each other all through the summer 
mouths. The avowed purpose of the 
President, aud the plain duly of every 
officer in service at Fort Pickens, should 
lead to the quickest possible recovery 
of the government property at Pensa- 
cola from the hands of the defiant trai- 
tors, who have held it months too long- 
already. We can not doulit that this 
course will be adopted, should reports 
like the above turn out to be correct. 



"Waifs from "Washington. 

A rronipt, Efticient President — Tlireats i»f 
Capture — The IMassaclixisetts Men at 
Work — A Lawrence Baker,v in the C'ap- 
itol — General Good-nature and no snch 
AVord as ** Back-down." 

WAsuiNfiTON, April 'i.-i, LSHI. 
To the Editor of the liostou ,Journal : 

The Southern Confederacy is fortunate in 
having at its head a man of action r.ather than 
words, who serves tlie revolutionary .Seces- 
sion movement for itself, ami who throws 
into every action the full iiupulse of his he.art 
and the streiigtli <if his will. At a crisis, 
when nothing but the energy of enthusiasm 
or of despair can carry on a movement which 
is based on broken oaths and disobedience to 
recognizecl laws, we And .Jefferson Davis in 
the \'au, a man "born to coniinand.'* His 
powerful intellect and indomitable will arc 
stamped uiion every movement of his " pres- 
idential" career, and a knowledge of iiis 
avowed determination to capture this city 
has done much to increase the prevalent 
panic. Curiously enough, our boldest writers 
liave found it necessary to leave I'oracohlcr 
climate, at -this critical juncture, when ercrii 
man counts. 

I,a.st night the troops were all under arms 
and conccuti'ated towai'd the navy yard, 
where fill attack was feared, but there was no 
eaus(! lor alarm. This came rather hard on 
the " liloody .Sixth," as they had had large 
tlrafts for fatigue duty all day. Parties of 
machinists for repairing the" locomotives 
seized on the railroad, parties of masons, 
parties of men to pack away provisions, 
partitas of men to aid in laying extra water- 
pipes, had all bi.'en furni"shed by Colonel 
.lones, while those not on fatigue duty or 
guard were ilrilled, — some. 

The regimental balcerj' was finished last 
evening, aud good judg'es pronounced the 
bread A No- 1. The "-'Chief Baker" Is Jjicut. 
Thomas .1. Cale, of Law^rence; a risinff man, 
not at all erusty, and an honor to the (i/)cast. 
He has had four large ovens built in the com- 
mittee rfioms of the Capitol, and even your 
fanious " mechanical " bread could n't com- 
part! with his. 

We "diuna hear the slogan" of lirigadier- 
general lii'u. liutler. or the rattle of the Scv. 
euth's ilrums. But if an attack is made 
before the re-inforcenients ai-rive, deiicml 
upon it old Massachusetts will face the music 
sipiart'- Wounded tloing well aud well cared 
for: hut the JIassaclmsotts' pockets arc ter- 
ribly empty- I'KKI-EY. 

Washinoton', April '2(), l.SOl. 
To the Kditor of the Boston ./ournal : 

Never was there a. more welcome sound 
than the rolling of the New York Seventh's 
drums yesterilay. to those who garrisoned 
this tlieii lieleagured nu^tropolis. It w-as w-ell 
known, from the \-ii-ginia newspapers, that 
an atttuniit w-ould have been made to take 
the city l>y a t^o/tp de main, had not Colonel 
Jones brought liie Massachusetts Sixth to 



INCIDENTS OF THE C J I'll WAR. 



the rescue, and while a few had urgent calls, 
which forced them to leave by private con- 
veyances for places in Western Maryland in 
communication with the North, others re- 
maineil here to "face the music." The Mas- 
sachusetts Relief association took care that 
those sohliers in the infirmary from their 
state lacked no comforts, and they did what 
they could for the other mcmhera of the regi- 
ment, whose baggage had been stoluu at 
Baltimore, taking care meanwhile to be 
ready for service in case of an attack, as vol- 
unteers in the ranks of the Massacimsetts 
Sixth. 

There was good I'cason to apprehend an 
attack; but the prompt arrival of (Jeneral 
Butler at Annapolis, with the Massachusetts 
Eighth, secured re-inforeements before the 
army of S. C. A. was in proper condition. 
The Virginia papei's urge all the companies 
of that state to hasten to Alexandria, and it 
is believed that quite an army has l)een en- 
camped near that city since Saturday last. 

General Butler. w"ith the Massachusetts 
Eighth, went from Philadelphia to Havre de 
Grace, where he learned that the road to 
Baltimore had been obslruutrd by the burn- 
ing of bridges, and iironiptly seized the 
large ferry boat MuriiUnul, on which he took 
his cominand to Annapolis. He arrived 
there just in time, as the Secessionists had 
commenced a battery, on which giins from 
the mivy yard werebtdng mounted, which 
would "have commanded the Constitution. 
and ensured her surrender! 

The Massachusetts men lost no time in re^^* 
cuing " Old Ironsides." Some of her guns 
were transferred to the steamer, and when 
suflieiently lightened, she was towed away to 
a safe anchorage. Three cheers for (ieneral 
Butler an<l the Essex regiment, for this well- 
timed rescue of New England's favorite ship ! 

Your correspondent learns tliat the citizens 
of Annapolis were at first disposed to be hos- 
tile, and made loud threats, but after the New 
York Seventh arrived, followed by other 
troops, they modified their tone. On Tuesday 
General Butler left the grounds of the Naval 
academy and took possession of the railroad 
station, "which had been closed by order of 
the directors of the road, who had done all in 
their power to render travel impossible. The 
only locomotive there had been taken to 
pieces, anil rails had been taken up. 

Now the superiority of the citizen-soldiers 
of Massachusetts over the " poor white Ira.sh " 
of Jefli'. Davis' forces was manifest, for no 
sooner did General Butler call for " Machin- 
ists, volunteer to the front!" than a goodly 
number of sons of Vulcan stepped from the 
ranks of the Massachusetts Eighth. One of 
them found, on examining the dismantled 
locomotive, that he had aided in building it, 
and under his direction it was .soon put to- 
gether. 

Lieutenant-colonel Hinks (who is to drop 
off the "colonel" and become a lieutenant, 
U. S. A.), was sent ahead, in command of a 
detachment of " Sappers aiul Miners," and as 
he advanced he was supported, keeping up 
the control of the road. Numerous rails had 
to be reyilaced, after having been found in the 
neiglilMnhonU of the places from whence they 
had been t<irnupand secreted. All that night 
and all the next day did the gallant men of 
Essex toil, to prepare the road for those who 
followed them. 

On Wednesday morning the New York Sev- 
enth started. The second company, Captain 
Clark, and the sixth company.Captain Nevers, 
were sent in advance, as skirmishers, with a 
howitzer on a platform-car, drawn by drag- 
ropes. Then eame the main column, with 
scouting parties thrown out a half mile dis- 
tant on either fiank, and a second platform- 
car fitted up as a hospital, with a third plat- 
form-car on which a howitzer was placed for 
the use of the rear-guard. 

Owing to the necessity for frequent recon- 
struction of the track, including a bridge near 
Millersville, twenty feet high and sixteen feet 
long, it was nearly daylight on Thursday 
morning before the head of the column ar- 
rived at the "Junction " and the line of the 
Baltimore v'c Wasliington railroad, twenty-one 
miles from here. All this time scouting par- 
ties of the enemy had hovered about the line 
of march, but they had not dared to make any 
<lemonstration. 

The New York Seventh were brought from 
the "Junction" here yesterday, and marched 
down IVnnsylvania avenue to the White 



house, with their howitzers, engineers, drum 
corjjs, band, eight full companies, ami squatl 
ot recruits, lotJking "tip-top." They wore 
their gray fatigue-caps and jackets, and were 
greeted with hearty cheers. 

lint after r<iiihs jrere broken, they lost no oppor- 
tunity of eoinptimenting the Massachusetts bot/s, 
who hat) chared their ivay. Modesty in speak- 
ing of one's self, and the award of good ser- 
vice where it belongs, are the test of a good 
soldier I 

To-day — a beautiful spring-like day it is — 
we have witnessed a battalion drill ol the 
Massatdiusetts sixth, by ( olonel Jones, at the 
Capitol, and the entry' of the Massachusetts 
Eighth. The Essex boys looked .sunburnt 
and weary, but they marched square to the 
front, and Colonel Tim. seemed as spry as a 
lad of eighteen. The Newburyport com'pany, 
raised so gallantly under adverse eireuni- 
stances, moved like veterans, and those here 
wlio were disposed to relieve them if neces- 
sary, were tortunate enough to fiiul no occa- 
sion for Iheir services. 

The Rhode Island regiment, in point of 
appearance, was even superior to the Sev- 
enth, as the men are admirably uniformed 
and equipped. 

This has been hastily scribbled to send by 
J. S. I'otter, Esq., who has come here 
through the enemy's country, bearing im- 
jjortant dispatches, and who has been so- 
licited by (ieneral Scott to take otlier dis- 
patches Northwai'd. He was weleonie, and 
he can take back the gratifying intelligence 
that the <Jld Bay State's boys were lirst to 
reach here in condition for service, after 
liaving fought their way— that tliey were 
first to arrive at Annapolis, after the regular 
way was stopped — that they lU'eserved the 
(.'onstitution from capture— that they led the 
van in opening communication hither, and 
that they will su.stain the " Stars and stripes " 
in a manner worthy of their sires and of their 
home. PEULEY. 

WAsniNtrro.v, April 27. 
To the Editor of the Boston Journal: 

The Capitol is safe, any how! Colonel 
Jones and the Massachusetts Sixth are quar- 
tered in the senate wing; Colonel Monroe 
and the Massachusetts Eightli are in the 
Untunda and the old Representatives' hall, 
and Colonel Lefierts and the New York Sev- 
enth are in the new Repres<'ntatives' hall. 
The Seventh, who look trim and jaunty, 
march to meals at the hotels; but the Bay 
State boys bake their bread, broil their ba- 
con, and enjoy camp fare. 

In a hurried telegrajdiic ilispatch, sent 
from here on the arrival of the Massachu- 
setts Sixth, some errors arose, as the mem- 
bers of the regiment did not know each 
other by namei^ and in many cases called 
personsby the names of others. 

The colors of the regiment, bearing the 
armorial insignia of Massachusetts, were 
bravely borne by Timothy Crowley, of Low- 
ell, who carried" them iii triumph through 
the fight, and they were nobly defended by 
Sergt. Ira Stickney, of the same place. 

PERLEY. 



A CompHment to the Color-bearer 
of the Sixth Regiment. 

A correspondent of the Boston Jour- 
nal^ writing from the camp at the Relay 
liouse (but on liis way to Fortres.^ Mon- 
roe) speaks t>f an incident connected 
with tlie passage ot the Sixth regiment 
through Baltimore, on the 19th of 
April, as follows : — 

•■'Tliereis one man wlio carried liim- 
self so bravely while in the very midst 
of danger that something more tlian a 
passing notice should be taken of him. 
Two days ])efore that Friday, the Sixth 
were gathered in fi'oiit of tlie State 
house, Boston, to hear the i)arting 
words of Governor Andrew. At the 
end of his remarks the (lovernor pre- 
sented the regiment with a standard, 
telling them to see to it that no foe 
should ever take it from lln-m. Tliey 



received it with cheers antl swore to die 
in its defense. Poor fellows, they little 
thought then liow soon their mettle 
would be tested. Well, wlien they got 
out of the oars at Baltimore, tn march 
across the city, the colors were given to 
the bre<'ze, and borne aloft in detiance 
of every foe. Tlie standard-bearer, as 
i}oble a fellow as ever wore the tmiform 
of the old Bay State, was Timotliy A. 
Crowley. His two aids were Sergeants 
Derrill and Marland. Fnused. as in- 
deed ail our soldiers were, to the rough 
usage of actual warfare, it wouhl not 
have I)een strange if Crowley liad 
shown some signs of fear. Imleed he 
might have rolh-d up the colors which 
would inevitably call do\^n ujxtn him 
the hatred of the vast and nnn-derous 
mob. But Crowley was not made of 
such stuif. He hatl sworn to stand by 
his standard, and with liim it was either 
success or die in the attempt. Pistols 
were freely tired, but the company saw 
at their heatl that standard jjroudly 
leading them on. No one who has 
never lieen in the service can inutgine 
how the colors of a regiment keeji up 
its courage. So long as they are deti- 
ant, the comjiany have light hearts; if 
they should be taken away a strange 
distrust runs through the whole force. 
A\'ell, the troops had lost their baml, 
the}' did not have even a life ami drum, 
and' so they kejjt their eyes fixed uptni 
this standard, 'i'ramp, tram]), tramp, 
left, left, left, tlie music of their own 
steady, measured tread, this was all 
they iiad. Crowley was tlie target for 
many a missile, for the mob knew that 
to <Usgrace the regiment it was only 
necessary to down with the standard. 
Paving stones fiew thick and fast, some 
grazing (.'rowley's head, and some hit- 
ting the standanl itself, marks of which 
were shown us. And this shows the 
everlasting pluck of Crowley. One 
stone, my inft)rmant said it secMued as 
large as a hat, struck him just between 
tlie shoulders a terrible blow, and then 
rested on his knapsack. And yet 
Crowh'y did not budge. AVith a firm 
step, he went on, carrying the rock on 
his knapsack several yanls, until one of 
the sergents stepped up and knocked it 
ofi'. And, said the chaitlain, '* Heaven 
only knows what our boys would iiave 
done if that standard had been taken; 
they never would have recovered from 
such a disgrace." Such a nobU^ act, it 
seems to me. is worthy of record. 
Crowley showed himself a man. It 
was not that imiuilsive kind of action 
which we call brave; it was something 
better. The soldier who is simply brave 
stands only on the lowest round of the 
ladder of heroism. All men may he 
brave. Crowley was cool; he knew he- 
forehand what the consequence might 
l>e; lie reckoned all chances. He 
showed trui* courage — an (dement of 
chara<-ter which is CiKllike; it was not 
impulse, it was real manliness." 

Hi this connection it may not be out 
of place to publish the letter received 
by the honorary members of I lie Wat- 
son Light <Tuard, who had sent to Mr. 
("rowley an eleg;int revolver, as a testi- 



60 



INCIDEXTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



■X 



nionial of tlioir cstiinatioii of him as a 
soldier, and tliat lie iiiiitht not be en- 
tirely unarmed, should eircunistanees 
brini; him into another place where tlie 
safety of his ref;inu'nt"s flag would be 
threatened. 'J'he letter is an earnest ex- 
pression of the gratitude of the writer, 
eminently patrioiii', and worthy of the 
gentleman who has worthily behaved 
since the Sixth were called into the ser- 
vice of their country: — 

Ei,K RiDOK, Hi)., May 24, ISdl. 
Ihe Honorary Members of tlie Watson 
l.iKlit (;nai-d,'(;o. H, ,Sixtli regiment, M. 
V. M.: 

<:rnUcnun, — \ have to aelcuowledge, with 
feelings of deepest gratitude and emotion, 
tlie receipt from you of a splendid " Colt's re 
volver and necessary trimmings attacheil," 
with the viT\ IlatteriTig inscription thereon. 

Unexpectedly called upon to occupy tlie 
position ot en'slgu of the .Si.vth regiment of 
the nlil Hav state, I have, since accepting 
it, endeavored to perform the duties .attend- 
ant thereon to the best of my abilities, and 
to the approval of my otlieers and fellow- 
soldiers. How far 1 have succeeded in those 
trials through which we have thus far passed, 
you, gentlemen, together with tho.se with 
whoih 1 am associated, and the community 
from which I came, shall judge. 

It is not for me to egotistically elevate my 
own courage or reputation; but, gentlemen, 
of one fact 1 may assure you, while the 
colors of the si.xtli regiment are entrusted to 
my care and protection, I shall never he 
foiuid recreant to that trust, and while 1 live 
and sullicient strength is at my commaiui, 
courage shtill be the last ingredient wanting 
in mv eompositi(m to uphohl tlie light for the 
standard of Ihe gallant sixth. 

Tlnis tar 1 have doui'. only what I deem to 
he my ilutv in this the hour of peril and 
Iri'acherv to our time-honored flag. In the 
hour of 'ad\ ersity and oppression that flag 
all'orded a home and protection to those 
whom 1 hold dearer than life itself, and I 
trust that their descendant will not lorget his 
iluty, and help to strike an etTectual blow ill 
defense ot tlu^ laws and institutions under 
and by which he has been nurtured into 
manhood. With many thanks for your kind 
eoushleration, 1 am your obedient serv.mt, 

TIMOTHY .\. rliOWI.EV. 



'I'HK following letter. Just received by 
a member of our city government, from 
a volunteer in tlie ^ilassaehusetts Sixth 
regiment at Washington, has been 
kindly furnished us for juiblication. 

Mr.' Whitney, the correspondent, is 
th(! young lavvyer from Uroton, spoken 
of in the dispatches as being killed by 
tile mob in llaltiniore. The letter, hap- 
jiily, contradicts the dispatches: — 

SKNATK ClIAMUEU, ( 

WAsniNOTo,N, 1). C, April 'iS, ISitl. ( 
Frlfiid /).,— Voiir lelter was received this 
tlay, and was read with an interest 1 never 
felt ill a letter befure. 

You should sei' the smile that lights up the 
laces of the gallant Sixth when letters are 
received li'im Iricnds far away ill the loveil 
old eommiinweallh. Our passage, through 
the city of llaltiniore has been made known 
toyon'liv tin- press. The outrageous attack 
of'Un- mob upon our regiment has justly ex 
cited the indignation of an aroused North. 
Through showers of stones, bricks, ami hul 
lets tlii'y pressi'd on with a coolness and 
courage" worthy of their sires who sleep at 
CoMcortl and l.cxinglon. 

Our noble fellows who fell in the streets of 
Ualliiniirc will be terribly revenged. The con- 
dition of Ihe "(.ilies of the Plain" will be the 
late of the "City of riots," — too long a ilis- 
grace to this rep'ublic. Our regiment is quar. 
tc-red in the Senate eliamber of the Capitol, 
ami the commitlee rooms around it. In tln^ 
scats where mwv sat corrupt and debauched 
senators, preaching disunion, now are .seen 
the stern ami hronzi'd faces ot the Massa- 
chusetts volniitei-rs; on divans and sofas, on 



the cushions and tai)c.>tried carpets repose 
Ihe stalwart lorms of the sons of the Puri- 
tans; thev are men wdio rushed from fami- 
lies and homes, impelled by a mighty prin- 
cijih', and who Inne sw-(u-n with their lives 
that the Cuion of their fathers shall be pre- 
served, and that the flag of flags shall float 
on with not a stripe or star obscured. Se- 
cession is crushed out in \A'ashington ; the 
rajiiil advance of tlie Northern hosts has 
alri-aiiy iirodiiceii a sensation in the .Jefif. 
Davis i'onfederacv. 

To-day President Lincoln and Secretary 
Seward" visited us. and the whole regiment 
went through a thorough hand-shaking op- 
eratimi with the dignitaries. They were 
I'uthusiasticallv cheered as they left Ihe 
hall. In the afternoon the Clay and Frontier 
(iu.-irds, consisting of about two hundred 
men, iimh.'r the command of t^ien. .lim. Lane, 
ot Jiansas, marched into our quarters in the 
Siuiate hall. They are a flue body of men 
from all parts of the couutry. Senators and 
representatives are in tlie ranks, and the 
whole coiiipany is composed of men noted 
for their determined courage. Speeches 
were made by General Lane and Colonel 
Vaughan, of Kansas. The ".Star-spangled 
IJaniier" was sung amidst the wildest enthu- 
siasm i ever witnessed. 

Troops are pouring in every day by thou- 
sands from Pennsj'lvania, New York, and the 
Kastern states. Let them continue to come, so 
that w hen we strike the blow it will be a les- 
son that traitors will never forget. The gov- 
ernment is secret in its operations, and we 
know but little of them except as we see the 
daily developments of a gigantic power. 
Kimior says that General Scott will soon 
move upon Virginia with a powerful army. 
There is much feeling in this city against that 
state, owing to their persecution of the 
Cnion men, crowds of whom are continually 
arriving here in a destitute condition, forced 
to fly from their homes to save their lives, 
Kroiii present appearance, Virginia and 
Marjland will lie carefully looked after by 
tin' go\'ernmeilt. 

Oitr soldiers who were wounded at Balti- 
more and brought to the hospitals here are 
all rapidly recovering. Captain Cl.ark, of Co. 
II, of Grotou, was slightly wouudetl in the 
arm whih- on parade a few days since by the 
accidenlal discharge of a musket. We are 
thankful that the injury was slight, as a 
braver (u- more high-sonlcd man does not 
live. The renowned Seventh regiment of 
New York, and the Massachusetts Kightli 
will to-morrow take possession of George, 
town heights. There is one sentiment through, 
out the arinv, to wit: Secession must and 
shall he put down from Virginia to the Gulf. 
Our boys are ready for the flght, anti seem 
auxiou.s to gel a sight off .Jeff. Havis and his 
crowd. Thev ])rob;ibl>- will be gratified soon, 
when Southern hluslerers will find to their 
sorrow that their estimate of Northern pluck 
was soniew hat erroneous. 

You will come to the conclusion on the re- 
ceipt ot this Ihat 1 was not killed at Balti- 
more. I was struck on the left shoulder with 
a stone, but no damage done. 

My lu'alth is good, but the fodder goes 
haril. Write ottcn, as letters now are valua- 
ble. We shall probably soou leave these 
quarters, wluai 1 shall have no advantage 
tor writing. "^ our fri<'iid truly, s. ^V. 

— [Uost(ni .lournal, .\piil 27. 



Three Grand Mistakes. 

It is |)alpable from all the evidence in 
hand tliat the leaders and the people of 
the South, in pushing their threalening 
course over the brink of disunion, have 
been laboring under a terrible three- 
fold deltision as to the idVerl .'il the 
North. In Ihe first place, thi'V have 
calculated upon 

Slnrvalion. Hy some unaccoiintalde in- 
fhience, no tiglire of siieech li.is ol- 
tener flourished in .Secession harangues 
than '• bread riots " at the North. 



JIow on earth ''bread riots'" were to 
rage through a population that holds 
the granary of North America and part 
of Europe, and has less i)aui)erisni 
than any other equal poiiulation on the 
globe, passes the stretch of common 
credulity. But Senators like Brown, of 
Mississippi, and Wigfall, of Texas, and 
intelligent gentlemen like "Vice-presi- 
dent ■■ Stephens and Mr. Boyce, of 
South Carolina, have dwelt upon this 
starvation bugbear as one of the first 
results of disunion. The common ora- 
tor and editors of the South have, in 
their imaginations, turned us into can- 
nibals. But the truth of the matter is, 
we have not only lived very comforta- 
bly, but have exported bread-stufi's to 
an extent never before approached in 
the history of the nation. But, sec- 
ondly, the Secessionists most confi- 
dently coimted upon throwing us into 
a fearful state of 

Dissension. AcceiJting such lurid va- 
ticinations as those of Caleb Cushing. 
about the necessity of our cajiitalists 
hoarding their money — as is done in 
India and elsewhere in the East — in 
view of "Guerilla bands" roving 
through our section of the separated 
Union, sensible Southern men have ac- 
tually supposed their withdrawal would 
plunge us into bloody anarchy. At 
least, they calculated upon such an in- 
tensity of partisan feuds that military 
operations against their assaults would 
be eflectually neutralized, even if any 
body should have the boldness to un- 
dertake them. But what do we see"? 
A unanimity of sentiment pulsating 
through the entire community, like the 
blood through the heart of man. No 
wonder a leading Secession organ, 
struck aghast by the first signs of this 
development, cries out that an inexjili- 
cable mania possesses the people ot the 
North'. But, thirdly, the Secessionists 
have built deliberate calculations upon 
our 

(.'nwanUce. Only those who have 
mingled among all classes of .Southern 
men can know the contemptible ojiinion 
whidi is universally entertained of 
Northern courage. As wc do not fight 
duels .-md do various other things which 
they consider the criterion of courage, 
they set us down for cowards at once, 
and desjiise us accordingly. They re- 
nieniber that we have alwaj'S backed 
down in political controversies with the 
.South, and will of course tremble at 
the idea of an armed encounter. Per- 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



61 



haps we shall — after the " bread riots " 
and the " Guerilla bands " in the rural 
districts, but not before. No, this de- 
lusion is greater than the others, and 
more woeful to those who cherish it. It 
does not become us to boast on this 
point — they can do that better else- 
where — but when it can be pointed out 
where and ^\hen the men of the free 
states ever failed in the least element of 
perfect bravery, on the laud or sea, in 
peace or war, then we shall believe that 
those who are represented by a Balti- 
more mob can match those who are 
represented by the Massachusetts Sixtli 
regiment; but not until then. 



and that steamers will be piacod near 
Alexandria to seize all the rtsh that are 
caught, in anticipation of an interrup- 
tion of provisions. 



The Southern Press. 

Journals printed south of Mason and 
Dixon's line would be very diverting 
reading at the jiresent time, if the false 
and distorted information they furnish 
their readers was not working such un- 
Ijappy results. We give a few speci- 
mens, that our readers may see for 
themselves. Thc^ following are copied 
from the special dispatches of the 
Charleston Courier : — 

The Dictator in liis Dotage. 

Alexandria, Va., April 29, ISfil. 
Lieut.-gen. Wintield .Seott told a peace- 
ful citizen of "Washington that he must 
leave the city or be arrested. His 
only offense was having been a member 
of the " National volunteers," and re- 
fusing to become a tool of tnitcher}- and 
military despotism. 

Interesting to Sontlieriiers. 

Richmond, April 29. The Lincoln 
satellites continue arresting in Washing- 
ton all citizens or residents who are sus- 
pected of .Southern preference. An 
odious, and vidgar, and Inquisitorial 
desijotism is established. 

The Concentration of Hirelings. 
KiCllMOND, April 29. It is reported 
by a passenger who has reached here, 
that twenty-five thousiind soldiers were 
in Washington, and about the same 
number on the way under orders for 
Washington, under Generals Patterson 
and Kerr, of Pennsylvania. 

Gathering' to the .Sacrifice. 

Alexandhia, April 29. Troops from 
Rhode Island and New York, to the 
number of one thousand, have reached 
Washington to-day. 

Martial law has been proclaimed in 
the city, and all citizens who can leave 
are departing hastily. Many are forced 
to leave for expressing sympathj- for 
the South. 

The Armies Approaching;. 

Alexandria, April 29. An express 
messenger reports that the long bridge 
over the Potomac, near Washington, is 
guarded on the north side by Lincoln- 
ites, and on tlie south side by Virginians. 

It is also reported that a Lincoln guard 
has been placed on Arlington heights. 



WashinjJTton News. 

Alexandria, Va., April 29. 



The 



Biiitic passed down to-day. The arrests 
of Southerners and of citizens sus- 
pected of Southern preferences continue 
vigorously. 

Daniel Radcliffe, a prouduent lawyer, 
and several persons lately emi)loyed in 
the navy yard, ha\e been arrested. 
General Seott is reported very infirm. 
The Charleston Courier of the 28th 
ult. had the following statement, which 
for downright lying, beats anything we 
have seen lately : — 

" Passengers direct from New York 
represent the condition of things in that 
city as one of great confusion and t<'nd- 
ing to anarchy. Mob law is trium- 
jihaiit, and Southern men, or those 
known to spnpathize with the South, 
are in constant danger of their lives. 
Vigilance committees visit the houses of 
the wealthy, and every man is heavily 
assessed for the support of the fandlies 
of those who have volunteered their 
services to the administration. Assess- 
ments of S-jOOO, $3000, and .«f2000 on 
large houses are said to be very com- 
mon. 

Those merchants who refuse or make 
the slightest hesitation are threatened 
with the cleaning out of their stores, 
and several already have l)een emptied 
by the mob. At a Union meeting iield 
in I^nion square, it was estimated that 
between two and three thousand people 
were present, standing around Washing- 
ton's monument. 

Three men were set upon in Florence 
hotel, New York, and two killed, for ex- 
pressing sympathy with the South. 

Merchants are packing oft' their clerks, 
and it is said that several large manu- 
factories have been stopped, with a vimv 
of forcing the operatives into the ranks 
of volunteer soldiery, the proprietors 
promising to pay their regular salaries 
to their families until they rettn-n. 
Those who do not suspend the Stars 
and Stripes from their windows are 
visited by a committee and threatened 
with a mob if they do not con)])ly with 
their demands. 

Against this state of things there is a 
large class who, although at present 
unable to stem the current, are begin- 
ning to speak out, and are denouncing 
irresponsible and lawless liands who 
have assumed the arrogant and dictato- 
rial powers." 

The same veracious sheet has the fol- 
lowing cock-and-bull story: — 

"We learn from a passenger from 
Philadelphia, that one day last week, at 
Havre de Grace, three of the Northern 
volunteers who were marched from the 
North refused to go any further, assign- 
ing as a reason that they did not volun- 
teer to go into a war of invasion ujion 
the South. An officer who was stand- 
ing I)y instantly cut and hacked two of 
the men to pieces. A thirii, who took 
the same ground, gave vent to a similar 



expression for the Union, awl cut Ins 
Own throat from ear to ear, rather than 
allow himself to be hacked in i)ieees." 

The Natchez Courier labors through a 
long article to make its readers believe 
that General Scott has resigned, and 
winds up with the assertion of its be- 
lief that "he is the guest of a friendly 
Governor, and the officer of a miseriihlc 
trickster inid despot." 



TREASON NIPPED IN THE BUD. 



Government Accepts Troops for 
Three and Five Years. 



Naval Academy Removed to Newport. 



ARSKNAL TO BK ESTABLISHKD AT 
KOC'K 1SI.AND. IIX. 



Wasiiin<;t<in, April 29. Five em- 
ployees at the navy yard were discov- 
ered yesterday tilling shells with sand 
and sawdust. They were arrested and 
will be tried by court martial, and if 
convicted, shot. 

Steamers Bienville and Daylight have 
arrived here with troo])S. 

The government to-day formally 
decided to receive forty thousand of the 
seventy-five thousand volunteers re- 
centlycalled for by |)roclamation, for a 
term of three years, twenty-five thou- 
sand regulars tor five years, and eight- 
een thousand for the same period. 
Orders to carry this measure into ertect 
will be at once issui'd. 

An armory in place of that at Har- 
per's Ferry is to be established at Rock 
Island, Illinois. 

There is good reason for stating that 
the Naval academy is to be removed, 
temporarily at least, from Annapolis to 
Newport, R. I. 

It was ascertained at the department 
to-day that no more diplouuttic consular 
appointments will be made, and no con- 
sideration given to the subject until the 
avenues leading to the capital are open 
for the passage of citizens and United 
States troops. 

Colonel Mansfield of the United 
States engineers is now in command of 
the troops here, his predecessor, Colo- 
nel Smitli, having been ordered to New 
York. 

The Navy department has issued an 
order similar to that from the War de- 
partment, that the amounts due to re- 
cent officers from seceded states, claim- 
ing to have seceded, be hereafter paid 
from the funds heretofore sent to or 
deposited in those states, except in eases 
where the department shall otherwise 
direct. 

Arthur H. Grimshaw has been ap- 
pointed postmaster at Wilmington, Del. 

The Montgomery Mall of Thursday 
says a portitm of the crew of the Star of 
the West has arrived at ISIontgomery 
for trial. 



(j-2 



lyCJDI^NTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Arrival of Kliode Island Troops. 

AFFAIRS AT ANNAPOLIS. 



Arrival 



of a Passenger Train from 
Baltimore. 



AC^f'IDKNT TO AD.JIT.VNT MKKKIAM 
OF KHODK ISLAND. 



Washington. A|iril 2!). Tlic first 
IMiodc Island refjiLiiciil lias just niarcht'd 
lip Prmisylvauia avenue, eseorfing the 
Second rejiiiiieut. wliieli has just lauded, 
the whole iiresentinj;' an iin))oshig a|)- 
pearauee. The Continental, flag, and 
the ladii'S who inarched with the file 
closers, were loudly cheered. They are 
all quartered at the Patent ottice. 

Colonel Parsons, of Lawrence, has 
arrived from Annapolis, and reports all 
well there. The iieoj)le there are 
friendly, and along the line. 

Every body is ooiupliinenting the 
l!hode Island troojis. The Albany 
regiment also looks fine. 

A passenger train arrived to-day from 
Baltimore. 

Adjutant Merriaiii. of Hhode Island, 
was thrown from Ids horse on parade 
lliis afternoon, and somewhat injiu-ed; 
MO bones broken. 

A New York conimittee, asking for 
tlK' re-opening of the direct mail route 
to Washington, waited on the President 
this evening. 

M;iny volunteers are anxious to enlist 
ill the increase to the army. — [Boston 
.louriial. 



THE KEPOKTEl) ARREST OF 
SENATOR MASON. 

CONTRADICTORY REPORTS. 



Letters of IVIarqiie Not fo lie Issued by 

tli« S(»utlierit L'olifederMey until 

llle DerlHriitioii of IVar. 



Secessiou Defunct in Baltimore. 



Union Sentiment Triumphant. 

Departure of Colonel Ellsworth's 
Zouaves from Nev? York. 



Pi.Kitvvii.i.F, I'A., April -i!). Senator 
Mason has not been arrested. Some 
other i)arties have been arrested for ex- 
aniination merely. 

Ni;w YoitK, .(pril JO. .\ special dis- 
patch to the Triduni' confirms I he arrest 
of Senator .Mason, liy the aiithoritv of 
General Patterson, jle expressed trea- 
.soiiable sentiments in tlie camp at Perry- 
ville. lie is now on his wav to I'hila- 
delphia. 

The .Montgomery coriespondi'iit of the 



( harleston Courier sa\'s .\ttorney-gen- 
erai Benjamin authorizes him to state 
that the commissions for privateers being 
prejiared, they will be issued as soon as 
Congress declares war, which it un- 
doubtedly will do. The instructions 
will prohibit the seizure of cotton from 
Soiitlierii ports, whether in British or 
American bottoms. 

A jirivate disiiatcli from Baltimore 
says that Secession is deftuict there, and 
the I'uion sentiment is again triumjihant. 
Few men are willing toKlay to announce 
themselves as Secessionists. One week's 
exjierience of the deadly contagion has 
overwhelmed the conspirators, "and the 
I'nion sentiment is stronger and deeper 
than ever. 

The day of recovery has come, and 
those who last week, "sustained by the 
])Olice, disgraced the city, almost shrink 
from the public gaze. The reaction is 
overwhelming in all parts of the stale, 
and we are prepared to meet the issue 
at the ballot-box. Sad as w-ere the 
doings of the past ten days, they have 
forever settled the i|uestioii of Secession 
in .Maryland. <.)ii Wednesday the cus- 
tom house will be cleared of its traitors, 
and new appointees take their place. 
Tlie .\merican flag will immediately be 
hoisted over the custom house. Boys 
are selling miniature fiags in the streets. 

Colonel Ellswcirtirs Fire Zouaves left 
this afternoon in the Baltic. Thev were 
escorted to the Baltic by the fire dejiart- 
ment. Au immense crowd witnessed 
the embarkation. Three stands of col- 
ors were presented to them previous to 
their departure. They looked finely. 



The New York Seventh Regiment. 

The following letter from a member 
of the New York Seventh regiment, 
although of ,1 iirivate and family char- 
acter, is well worthy of perusal, as an 
evidence of the spirit which jiervades 
that famed regiment: — 
IU;.U)-onAKTEus .Skventh Rkgt., N. Y..s.M. i 

HOrSE OF HEI'RESK.NTATIVKK, ( 

Washin(;ton, April i'.), 1S61. ) 
Dear Fnther, — Whan I saw you last I little 
llnmf;lit I slionlil be litre now;' lint licre I am, 
;uiil you piobaljly liiiow wliy. ] liave been a 
inciiibcr of tills rej<iin«'iit "lor nearly tliree 
years. It is considered llie linest vo'lniiteer 
vesiineni in tile world. 1 loft liome, leavinsj 
Jlaiy and tile eliildren not exactly penniless, 
bat poor enon^'li. But evi.'ivboc'ly said yo; 
tbey will be taken care of. 

We were live ilays reachin;; Wasliington. 
We iiuKb- a inaieli Iioni Annapolis witli tile 
luKlith veKimenl ot .^lassacliusetts, and 
opened tin- load wliieli tlie .Maryland villains 
bad torn np. Tlii'y bad tbe rails up in from 
tuenly to twenty-live of the worst places. 
There was one place where tliere was an 
embankment of nearly seventy lectin height. 
I'bey ha<l taken up rails and sleepers on both 
sides. 

There were three thousand Marvlanders on 
the wal<-h to aitaek us. We heard and .saw 
si-rnals IVoni dark Weiinesday ni-iht until 
Thursday inorning at daylif,'ht. .Spies were 
about on borseliaek everywhere. We threw 
Old Mil advance f>:iianl of skirmishers of over 
two bnndred men, who cleared the way and 
.scallere<l all l)i'for(' tbeni. Our rc.^'inient is 
c<ini]iosed principally of youni; men of jireat 
wealth. Some of llie privates are worth ;«i7/- 
iinis: yet from the lime we b-fl I'hiladclpbiu 
we all siilTered priv utions of all kinds — bun- 
ixer. lliirst. fatijiue, every thing— and not a 
muniiur was hcanl. I' have not liail my 
i-lolhes olTlor ten days. We have all slept on 



tbe floor, witli onr knap.s,acks for pillows. 
The fatigue has been so great Ihat the men 
would throw tliemselves upon the iloor, and 
in two minutes nearly all would be in a 
sound sleep. 

God alone knows wbat the end will bo; but 
1 think and hope that the wonderful un.an- 
imity of feeling at the North, and the strength 
which they display, will teach these miser- 
able traitors and Rebels that we have boon 
trifled with too long, and that nothing but 
absolute ruin is before them if thev persist in 
the course they have pursued with ns for so 
long a time. It will give lue gi'eat pleasure 
to hear from yon as often as possible. 

Mary may go to ISoston to spend a little 
time with you. I leave her and mv little ones 
with tliose at home. Jlav God bless all wbo 
treat them kindly and I'ovingly! It is now- 
impossible to tell when, if ever.'l return. 

Atrectionately yours, HENIiV. 



Military Matters in "V^ermont, — 

A corresjiondent writes as follows : — 

"Last Thursday the Xew England 
Guards, of Xortlifield, Vt.. left that 
place for rendezvous at Kutlaud, expect- 
ing to be ordered to Washington on Sat- 
urday, The Guards were formerly com- 
manded by Captain Nickids ; but when 
the tocsin of war was sounded, he, with 
the first lieutenant, immediately re- 
signed. After such an example by the 
officers it is not strange that the "rank 
and file were demoralized. In tliis 
emergency W. H. Boyuton, formerly 
orderly sergeant of Lowell Phalaux, 
who were in the thickest of the fight 
through ' Bloody Baltimore,' and who 
was also orderly sergeant of the New 
England Guards, but had been ap- 
pointed niajiu- of the First regiment M. 
V, M., immediately took measures to 
save the reputation of his old company, 
and in two days the ranks weri> filled 
with sixty-four picked men. They 
chose him cajitain ami commenced ac- 
tive preparations for service, drilling 
fourteen hours per day, and last Tues- 
day, by way of exercise, marched, 
fully equi])i)i'd. to Montpelier, a dis- 
tance of ten miles, in two and a half 
hours, being na-eived by a comi)any of 
recruits — oni- hundred and thirty strong 
— and a cavalcade of horse. They 
were put through company evolution.s, 
eliciting the highest encomiums of all. 

"Captain Boynton is one of the best 
militarv men in the state, and is a man 
of the true stamp. Success to him and 
his ncdde compaiiv, sav all the citizens 
of Xorthlield." 

Thk follow ing extract is from a letter 
received by a mercantile house in this 
city, from a correspondent in Virginia : — 

"I am now ordered to hold myself in 
readiness to march, God knows where; 
but I am to go, and leave my w ife ami 
two small ciiildreii, to go to fight my 
Northern brethren. I expect my store 
will be closed. Great God! what au 
awful time! If this reaches you, please 
inform me. Friend II., if I never meet 
you again in this worM, it is my prayer 
that I may meet you in heaven. I sliall 
make my will before I go to fight. I 

;im a member of the cavalry, and I 

may lie called out at any moment. If I 
am called to the battle "tield, and it may 
please God 1 shall fall, 1 have made aiii- 
ple arrangements to |jay otl'my debts, I 
luive lived honest, and I will die honest." 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



63 



Military Affairs, etc. 
Parade of the First IJegiinent. 

The First regiment of JIassachusetts 
voluuteer militia, Col. Robert Cowdiu, 
paraded jesterday afternoou witli full 
numbers.' The regimental line was 
formed in Penibertou square at 2 : 30 
o'clock, wheu the follow iug companies 
were present : — 

Co. A, Captain Chandler; (J8 guns. 
Co. B, Captain Pearl ; 74 guns. 
Co. E, Captain Baldwin; 08 guns. 
Co. F, Cairtain Adams ; 67 guns. 
Co. G, Captain Snow ; 06 guns. 
Co. I, Captain Kand, 72 guns. 
North End True Blues, Captahi Walker; 

70 guns. 
East Boston volunteers, Captain Barnes ; 

63 guns. 
Chelsea volunteers, Captain Carruth ; 72 

gnus. 
The regiment was lieaded by <jil- 
niore's band, and marched through sev- 
eral streets to the common, passing up 
State street at 3 : 30 o'clock. On the 
connuon they were joined by the l!ox- 
bury City Guard, 'Captain Stone, 08 
guns, and an hour or more was 
spent iu drilling, in tlie presence of a 
large concourse ot people. The regi- 
ment appeared in the new uniform of 
gray jacket ami pants, trinnned with red, 
and received much conunendation for 
their very creditable aiipearanee. Sev- 
eral of the companies made tlieir first 
appearance in regimental ranks on this 
occasion, but all showed that they had 
been under good instruction. They left 
the common about .5 o'clock, and were 
received with hearty cheers at different 
places on the route. 
The Wehster Kegiment at Fort "Warren. 
It has been frequently announceil as 
the intention of the state authorities to 
send all the new recruits to the forts in 
the harbor for exercise and drill, and 
yesterday afternoon the first instalment, 
consisting of two companies of Fletcher 
Webster's regiment — Co. A, Captain 
Grover, and ('o. B, Captain Murch — 
went down to Fort \V'arren iu a steamer. 
They will be joined to-day by the com- 
panies under Captains Sburtleft" and 
Doane, and that ot Captain Saltniarsli is 
expected to go either to-day or Monday. 
The companies will probalily remain 
here until they are ordered into active 
service. 

Contributions Received. 

Yesterday afternoon Governor An- 
drew, as president of the Soldiers' Fund 
association, received .$2047.80 from the 
committee of Rev. Dr. Adams' cburcli, 
to be used for the jjurposes of that fund. 
A sum of .$00 was also received from the 
pupils ot the English High school, which 
will be disbursed under the general or- 
ders ot the Governor for the jiresent re- 
lief of the families of absent soldiers. 

To ProTJsion Dealers. 

The Quincy market men propose to 
make a donation of meat and •s'egetables 
to the Massachusetts volimteers at Fort 
Monroe and Washington, to be shipped 
on boaril a vessel now loading with ice. 



a gift from Messrs. Addison, Gage & 
Co. ; and we write this to call tlie atten- 
tion of the market men at the Boylston 
market and throughout the city, that 
they may join their brethren at i^Juincy 
market iii this patriotic contribution, 
ilessrs. Harrison Bird, Hiscock & Wins- 
low, Bobbins, Curtis, and others are 
nlo^■ing in the matter. 

Patriotic Demonstrations. 
A town-meeting was held at Black- 
stone on the first day of May, which was 
largely attended. It was ably and ehi- 
(luentiy addressed by Hon. Daniel Hill, 
who offered appropriate resohilions, 
which were passed. It was voted to pay 
each member ot any volunteer company 
raised in the town, who should be trailed 
into service, a sum sufficient to make liis 
entire pay .$20 per montli, when such 
member lias no family, and to tlKjsc who 
liave families, one dollar per week each 
to the wife and children under ten years 
of age; and also, to pay one dollar per 
da)- to each voluuteer for time spent 
previous to such service in drilling un- 
der such officer as might be appointed 
by the state. The town also appropri- 
ated .$1000 to be applied at the cliscretion 
of tlie selectmen in outfits to sucli volun- 
teers, if necessary. Rev. >[r. Bliss, 
Francis Kelly, and others made pati'iotic 
appeals to the meeting. 



Mr. Adams' Addrkss. — The ad- 
dress of Hon. Charles Francis Adams to 
his late constituents of the third Con- 
gressional district, which we publish 
to-day, is worthy of careful perus;il. 
He n'lodestly refers to his services in 
congress, and says that his transfer to 
the English mission has been against 
his own inclinations. Turning to a 
brief but pregnant discussion of na- 
tional events, he congratulates his fel- 
low-citizens upon the escape which they 
made in tiie last presidential election, 
for in four years more luider the obi 
dynasty, •■ we should have been bound 
hand and foot by a military oligarchy. "' 
The distinctive features of tlic rebel- 
lious cause are analyzed with Mr. 
Adams' usual point and felicity. He 
finds that they all logically terminate in 
the old doctrine of force, against which 
the Declaration of Independence was 
the most signal protest. And most 
truly does he say that "the whole 
action of the Secessionists since Novem- 
ber has been aggressive, insulting, 
treacherous, and violent.'' The closing- 
remarks of Mr. Adams, respecting the 
superior influence of the people them- 
selves over their agents abroail. are well 
worthy of consideration. But however 
true they may be, we are coulident 
from Mr. Adams' splendid Congres- 
sional career that his diplomatic ser- 
vices at the important ])ost to which he 
has been designated will be eminently 
useful to his couutiy and honorable to 
liimself. 

Maryland. — It is evident that the 
reaction in Maryland, however strong it 
may be among the jieople, has not 
reached the members of the legislature. 



They would be Secessionists if they 
dared, but not daring to pass a Seces- 
sion ordinance, they liave taken meas- 
ures to thwart and harass the general 
government as far as it may be safe to 
do so without calling down upon the 
state its crushing ])ower. 'I'he estab- 
lishment of a " Conmiittee of Safety" 
means simply this: Of the six mem- 
bers of the proposed committee, only 
one. Governor Hicks, is a I'nion man. 
Judge Chambers, though conservative, 
is suspected of .Secession ]M-oclivities. 
and he lias puldicly aniiounci'd that he 
shall go whichever way the slali- goes. 
The other four are avowed Secessionists 
of the most ultra school. The jiowers 
granted to the committee are equivalent 
to desjiotic sway over the entire state, 
against which only the Federal govern- 
ment or the rising of the people can 
prevail. 

We are glad to see evidences that the 
government is inllexibly determined to 
n'duee Maryland to submission to its 
authority immediately. The work of 
reconstructing the bridges and reopen- 
ing the route to and "through Balti- 
more," is now going on under the pro- 
tection of an adequate force, and there 
will soon lie a broad highway tbrougli 
Maryland. Lei the Secessionists ob- 
struct it again if they dare. 

A Great Regiment.— The Newbury- 
port Herald relates the following anec- 
dote of the gallant Eighth regiment, 
which has not heretofore been chroni- 
cled : — 

" One exploit by members of the New- 
buryport company has not found its way 
into" the papers. For two days they had 
nothing to eat but poor pork and a little 
hard bread. In their ranks are two 
butchers frcjm this city — Messrs. Merrill 
and Cilley. They took a tramp into tlie 
jiastures and were shortly seen driving 
an ox to a part of the railroad where the 
men were at work. A sturdy blow upon 
the head brought the animal down ; the 
body was strung up to a tree and Hayed, 
and in a little wbib' the whole gang were 
feasting from the best cut of beef-slcak. 
The manni'r in which the men of the 
Eighth regiment have turned their hands 
to all kinds of employmenr will rend<'r 
them famous throughout the world and 
for all time. Some of them ciuild even 
keep a hotel, which everv man can not 
do." 

Kentuckv. — The Courier of I his 
morning says : " We have seen a letter 
to a merchant iu this city, in w bich it i> 
l)i-edicted that 'in ten days" time Ken- 
tucky will be shown to be unmistakably 
for the Uniim and the government. We 
have to contend against our (Jovernor, 
and he has already been brought to 
change his tone. Virginia's conduct 
has not influenced us. We have been 
much more disturbed and nun-titied by 
the defection of John Bell.'" 

The telegraphic report that the (Jover- 
nor has ordered an election of represen- 
tatives to Congress on the 30th of June 
goes to contirm this view of matters iu 
" old Kentuck." We hope it may prove 
true. 



64 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



The Old Senate Chamber a Hospi- 
tal — Let Massachusetts Contrib- 
ute—New York Military. 

WASiHNiiTox, May i, 1S6]. 
To till' Kililiir cilllic ISo.stoii Journal: 

Till' c>l<l .scMKLlc clKimbrr, in which Webster 
eruslieil iiullitioalimi in liiM'cplytoHuyne.and 
(.;h:n-lcs Sunnier w:is tile recipient of the tirst 
cowarilly Ijlows sti'ueli by Secession, is now a 
liospital' for tlie reception of Massachnsetts 
volunteers, woundcil or ill. Snrp:eons Smith 
und lireetl are in attendance on the men be- 
longing to the .Sixth and the Kighth. William 
l>. Haley (late pastor of the Initarian church 
here) is a mo.st attentive manager, ami Miss 
Lander, the artist, gives practical evidence 
of her g^)od qualities as a nurse by ]ireparing 
the little delicacies which she gives to those 
who are on beds of sickness and of pain away 
from their New England homes. 

AAlien Miss J^andcr entered upon her self- 
imposed duties she found a patient declining 
to take tea from a large tin-dipper, sweetened 
with brown sugar, with an iron spoon. It 
was not inviting to an invalid, but the ^lassa- 
clinsetts Relief associatimi were enabled, by 
the generosity of liostonians, to place at her 
disposal maiiy appliances for a sick-room, 
with gelatine," farinii, wliite sugar, etc. Hon. 
George W. McT.elhin, the Treasurer of the 
.association, will be i>leased to acknowledge 
further (.lonations. and they will be faithfully 
ajijilied to the relief of tlic "sick and wounded. 

The Seventh New York encamp to-day, on 
Doctor Stone's estate, oi)posiic (_'olumbia col- 
lege, about a mile north of the White house. 
It isan .admirable location, the i)arade-ground 
overlooking the city, and presenting a larger 
level area "than " Kalorama." The Twelfth 
are to occupy barracks on Lafayette Sf^uare, 
the .Sevenlj' -first are at the navy yard, and 
the .Sixty-ninth in the old printing" office on 
JVnnsvlvania avenue, near Willard's- 

PERI.KV. 



From Savannah. — 'I'he schooner 
Fred Howell, Caiitaiii Carter, which left 
S:ivaunah i'M nit., arrived here to-day, 
and reports that rninor.s were current 
there that jirivateers were heing fitted 
out in Northern ports for the Southern 
Confederacj'. It is also stated that the 
schooner dnllatin, recently returneil 
here from Sa\aMnah. wasotVered for sale 
at that port, liut the jjiicc demanded by 
her owners was considered too hii;h. and 
she was consequently withdrawn from 
the market. 

An instance of Yankee spunk occurred 
a few days since on the Grand Trunk 
railway. An engineer on one of the 
lr;iins. conducted by a man named La- 
lliain, altixcd the Stars and Stripes to his 
engine, which, being oliserved. was cut 
down by Latham, 'riie eriginei^r at once 
re))laced the flag, and forliadi' Latham re- 
peating tlie ofVeuse, or he would cut him 
down. I'poii the arrival of the train at 
the head-fjuarters of the superintendent 
of tlie road, tlie facts were re])(>ited to 
that oflicial, who at once presented the 
p.atriotic engineer with a lieautifiil silk 
.\uierican tl.ag, lold him (o ))((('/ it to his 
I'ligine, and then pr<im)itly dismissed 
Latham. This action w.'is a|)pri>ved by 
the directors, and now every car on thai 
road carries the Stars and Stripes. 



Brothers in Anns. 

We are glad to see l hat I be unanimity of 
the entire Nortli is lellecled iu the cour- 
tesy and good will which charaeteri/.e 
its armed representatives at Washington. 
We :ire reminded of this by observing 



that the officers of the Eighth Jlassa- 
chii.setts regiment have passed resolu- 
tions of thanks to the gallant New York 
Seventh, for their acts of kindness and 
cotirtesy (Ui the famed Annapolis nuirch 
and subsequently. Well may they do 
so, for that march, on which the two 
regiments went forward as finely 
matched ;is Christian and Greatheart in 
•• Pilgrim's Progress," brought out in 
bold relief some of the best characteris- 
tics of each, and illustrated that combi- 
nation of qualities which, in the impend- 
ing conllict, is to override all obstacles 
anil break down all opposition. Without 
the mechanical skill of the Massachu- 
setts men, neither regiment could have 
got on — without the generous supjdies 
and co-operation of the New York Sev- 
enth, our men would have been brought 
to a stand after a few hours" labor, and 
neither regiment could have got on. 
Well, therefore, did our officers resolve 
to ever stand by the glorious Seventh, 
and if ever their colors go down Itefore 
the hosts of the enemy, the Eighth 
of Massachusetts would be the first to 
avenge their fall with the heart's blood 
of every man. 

We need not particularize the further 
kind offices at Washington by which our 
trooi)s are indebted to the New York 
Seventh, for they are already written 
down iu tlie hearts of our people, and 
will live in lasting gratitude. Nor are 
we insensible to the many kind words 
which the i)ress has had for our troops. 
But wc must not forget the justice which 
is due to all. While we are confident 
that the soldiers of Massachusetts will 
lirove not unworthy of their origin, we 
know that they have been dispatched to 
the field in great hurry, and must dis- 
close some grave deficiencies. It is not 
lo be expected that they can approach 
the s])lendid drill of the New York Sev- 
enth, whose composition of I lie best 
blooil of the Enqiire City, long training 
and professional ardor, have inaile them 
the very flower of the volunteer forces 
of .America. Nor can we rival the ad- 
mirable e(|iiipment of the Rhode Island 
regiments, who are mustered under the 
eyi> of their (ioveriior, a devoted mili- 
tary man, whose accurate knowledge of 
their wants is matched by liis zeal and 
pecuniary ability to supply them. And 
it is very likely that the solid armies of 
I'ennsylv.-inia \\ ill show those sterling 
qua lilies which have ever tested the 
mingling of (Jermaii and Anglo-Saxon 
blood. Of the indomitable troops of the 



Northwest, tried on every field from 
Limdy's Lane to the city of Mexico, no 
eulogium is needed. Wherever. heroes 
are needed, iu their own expressive dia- 
lect, they "are JAar/" 

In fact, as our cause is one, so is our 
army — no matter whether its legions 
are drawn from New England, from the 
thriving Middle states, or from the 
mighty AVest. They are all brothers iu 
arms for the defense of a common gov- 
ernment and the security of the same 
sacred rights. They ojjen the campaign 
with affectionate co-operation and re- 
gard. Perish the hand that shall try to 
sow alienation and distrust in their 
ranks — to kindle petty jealousies or stir 
up any heart-burnings. I^et the only 
rivalry be to see who shall serve their 
country best. There is room for all and 
reward for every kind of merit. It is in 
the power of every one — and immensely 
within the power of the press — to con- 
tinue a state of feeling which is so 
happy, and which w ill have a transcend- 
ent influence on the vigorous and effect- 
ual prosecution of the war. — [Boston 
Journal, May 4, 18(11. 



Important Movement. — Capture of 
Alexandria and Death of Colo- 
nel ElIsTvorth. 

The reported capture of Alexandria 
by the government troops, attended by 
the death of Colonel Ellsworth, of which 
we had a telegraphic dispatch yesterday. 
is confirmed. 

At an early hour j-esterday morning 
several regiments were sent into Vir- 
ginia from Washington. The New York 
zouaves. Fourteenth and Sixty -ninth 
regiments, and New Jersey regiment, 
captured Alexandria, while Arlington 
heights were occu|)ied by several other 
regiments. When the Federal troops 
reached Alexandria, the A'irginia troops 
fired at them and fled. 

A report says three hundred of the 
Rebel troops were cai)tured on the Or- 
ange it Alexandria railroad, near Alex- 
andria, by the New York Sixty-ninth. 

The most iiainf iil circumstance attend- 
ing the capture of Alexandria was the 
death of the young and brave Colonel 
Ellsworth, of the New York zouaves, 
which took place under the following 
circumstances : — 

The zouaves crossed the river in boats 
and landed in good (U-der, each company 
forming im the street facing the river. 
Co. E was the first to disembark, and 
was detailed to destroy the railroad 
track, which they iiromiitly pertmnied. 
Colonel Ellsworth then directed the 
adjutant to form the regiments, and 
with the aid of Colonel Wisner and a 
field of men, started to cut the telegraph 
wires. 

They had proceeded about three blocks 
when the .ittenf ion of Colonel Ellsworth 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



65 



was attracted by a large Secession flag 
flyiug from the" Marshall house. He 
entered the hotel, and meeting a man in 
the hall, asked him wlio put the flag up. 
The man answered that he did not know ; 
he was a boarder in the house. Colonel 
Ellsworth, Lieutenant Wisner, the chap- 
lain of the regiment, Mr. House, a vol- 
unteer aid, and four privates, went to 
the roof, when Colonel Ellsworth cut 
down the flag. 

The party were returning down-stairs, 
headed by Private Brownell. As they 
left the attic, the man wlio said he was 
a boarder, but who jiroved to be the 
landlord, was rnet in the hall, having a 
double-barreled gun, wliich he leveled 
at Brownell. The latter struck up the 
gun with his musket, when Jackson 
pulled both triggers, the contents lodg- 
ing in the body of Colonel Ellsworth. 
Brownell, with the quickness of light- 
ning, leveled his nuisket at Jackson and 
tired. The liall struck him on the bridge 
of the nose and crushed him through 
the skull, killing him instantly. As he 
fell, Brownell thrust him through with 
his bayonet. Colonel Ellsworth's com- 
panions held guard some ten minutes 
until re-inforced by Co. A. The com- 
pany made a litter of muskets, and plac- 
ing the body upon it, returned to the 
boat, leaving a detachment to guard the 
hotel and niake prisoners of all its occu- 
pants. The body of Colonel Ellsworth is 
at the navy yard in Washington, and 
after fitting ceremonies, will be taken to 
Mechanicsville, where his family reside, 
for interment. 

The Colonel was shot between the 
third and fourth ribs, shattering the 
fourth rib, the slugs entering the left 
auricle of the heart, and destroying all 
the integuments with which it came in 
contact. The other charge of the gun, 
a double-barreled one, entered the wain- 
scoting near him. The Colonel fell on 
his face, only exclaiming, " Jly God I " 
The blood gushed from his wound in 
such profusion as to drench the entire 
passage. A fe\x' seconds afterward he 
uttered a low moan, but his eyes were 
instantly fixed, and he ceased to breathe. 
He was laid upon a bed in a room near 
at hand, and with the Kebel flag stained 
with his blood and now a trophy to his 
glory, about his feet. 

Another account sa3's that the mur- 
derer of Colonel Ellsworth was James 
W. Jackson, keeper of the Marshall 
house. He must have died suddenly, as 
he was shot through the head and after- 
ward run through the body by a saber- 
bayonet of some private. His wife 
presently discovered the fatality, and 
approaching his bodj-, uttered the most 
agonizing cries, and although treated 
with the utmost consideration that could 
be oftered her in her misery, she re- 
mained a long time in the wildest state 
of frenzy. President Lincoln has visited 
the navy yard and viewed the body of 
his youthful friend, Colonel Ellsworth. 
— [Lowell Courier. 

The Charity for the Times. — "Sell 
that ye have, and give arms." 

— Luke, 12:3S. 



Colonel Ells-worth — Sketch of his 
Life. 

The news of the murder of Col. Elmer 
E. Ellsworth, at Alexandria, is calcu- 
lated to create a feeling of intense sad- 
ness and indignation throughout the 
loyal states, and reveals to us another 
l>hase of Southern treachery and fanati- 
cism. In the death of Colonel Ellsworth, 
our volunteer army will lose one of its 
most efficient and enthusiastic officers 
in the French school of light-infantry 
tactics, popularly known as the zouave 
drill. For these duties he manifested a 
skill and proficiency that amounted to a 
positive genius, and augured a promising 
future as a military leader. 

Colonel Ellsworth was horn near 
Mechanicsville, in Saratoga county, 
N. Y., April 23, 1837, and was, there- 
fore, at the time of his death, only 
twenty-three years of age. In his early 
youlh he manifested strong military 
iiudinations. He lived at home until 
twelve or thirteen years of age, during 
which time he received a good military 
education. He was always a close and 
diligent student. On leaving home he 
went to Troy, and was em])loyeil for a 
nuud)er of years as clerk in a store in 
that city. But the narrow limits of (he 
counter were not sufficient for the devtd- 
opment of his talents andandjition, and, 
leaving his business, he came to this 
city, where he remained about two 
years. 

Some six years since he removed to 
Chicago, ai-riving there penniless and 
without a profession or certain means 
of support; but by his industry, jierse- 
verance, and energy, he so(ni achieved 
an honorable position in that city. 

The exciting exploits of the French 
zouaves at Sebastopol led him to in- 
vestigate this description of drill. Com- 
ing to the decision that the zouave 
tactics were the most etticient yet 
studied, he set to work to organize a 
company of this character in Chicago, 
by the title of "The Chicago Zouaves." 
Forty or fifty joung men joined the 
company, and he devoted himself assid- 
uously to drilling them to the highest 
perfection in every branch of tactics. 
After a practice of about a year, a tour 
to the East was projected. Thev arrived 
in this city on the 14th of July, IfSdO. 
after a triumphant progress through the 
Western states. The novelt.y of their 
drill, their fantastic dress, the precision 
of their evolutions, attracted universal 
attention, not only from military men, 
l)ut from the general public. The ex- 
hibition at the Academy of Music was 
an iunnense success, and Colonel Ells- 
worth became known all over the 
country as the originator of the zouave 
drill in the United States. New zoviave 
companies began to be organized in 
most of the large cities. 

Colonel Ellsworth lately studied law 
with Mr. Lincoln, and was adnnfted to 
the bar last spring. After Jlr. Lincoln's 
election to the presidency it was gener- 
ally understood that Colonel Ellsworth 
would be attached to his person. He 
accompanied the President to Washing- 



ton, and was one of tlie most active and 
attentive nunnhers of the party. It was 
expected that he would be "placed in 
some important position in the War 
department; but it is not probalde that 
such a position would have been in 
accordance with Ids desires. 

Immediately ui)on the outbreak of the 
war he sought active service, and came 
forward to New York and connnenced 
the organization of a zouave regiment 
from members of the fire department. 
The freedom and dash of the zouave 
drill exactly suited the spirit of the fire- 
men, and in an incredibly short time a 
full regiment had been fcuined, and was 
on its way to AVasbingtou. The regi- 
ment has elicited universal admiration. 

His parents are still living at his 
native place. His only brother died a 
year ago last spring. He had no sister. 
At the time of his departure from the 
city with his regiment, his parents were 
stopping at the Astor house. .Vt his 
last interview with them before he left, 
his mother said, — 

"I hope Cod will take care of you, 
Elmer." 

"He will take care of me, mother,'' 
he replied. " He has led me in this 
work, and He will take care of me." 

God has taken care of him; and the 
culmination of his life could not have 
been more glorious for himself or the 
cause for which be died. 

Colonel Ellsworth was exceedingly 
beloved wherever he was intimately 
known. The impression was sometimes 
obtained by strangers that there was a 
degree of alVectatiiui in his deportment, 
but those who knew him best were his 
warmest and most devoted friends. \t 
Chicago and Hockford he was a univer- 
sal favorite. President Lincoln enter- 
tained for him a high personal regard. 

It may not be andss to mention at this 
time that Colonel Ellsw<u'tli has been 
engaged for the last two years to Miss 
Carrie Spatl'ord, a young lady of sevi'ii- 
teen, the ilaughter of ("'harles F. S|)af- 
ford, a wealthy citizen of Kockford, 111. 
Miss Spafl'ord was recently a student in 
the Carroll institute, Brooklyn. The 
marriage would probably have taken 
])lace ere this. I)ut for the breaking out 
of the war. 

The death of Colonel Ellsworth will 
mark an era in the history of this war, 
and his name will hereafter stand by the 
siile of Warren and others who fidl 
among the first in the Revolution in 
defense of their country. The assassin 
who has deprived him of life has con- 
ferred upon him immortality. The efl'ect 
of his murder will be to intensify the 
war feeling in the N'orth, and to furnish 
a battle-cry in future confiicts. 

In this city the news of his death 
was received with expressions of the 
most j>rofound sorrow. Most of the 
flags on public and |)rivate buildings, 
and on the vessels in the harbor, were 
lowered at half-mast, in token of respect 
to his memory. A meeting of the fund 
committee of his regiment was held 
yesterday afternoon, at 4 o'ldock, to 
take apiirojiriate measures in regard to 
his death. — [New '^'ork World. 



66 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



The Memory of Colonel Ellsworth. 

Tlii^ luio is slft-ping — Uie yount; ami thu 

liravf ; 
How ili^ar was tlie life to liis country he gave ! 
Ob! Ions in their sorrow the nation shall 

nionrn 
O'er genius and worth to the ilark valley 

borne ! 
lint death can not blight, nor time ever dim, 
The fame he has won — the wreaths twined 

foi- him. 
Enshrined in our hearts arc his valor and 

truth — 
Immortal he lives in the brightness of youth. 

IIow shaded with grief was the gladness of 

May, 
When love, weeping sad in its sorrow tltat 

day, 
Had strewn with fair flowers, all fragrant 

and bright. 
The eolHn that closed his loved form from 

our sight. 
And hung the bright folds of the Starspan- 

gleil blue 
When- silent in death lay the brave and the 

true. 
And wreathed folds of crape, their shading to 

bliMul 
AVith the Hag that he loved — that he died to 

defend! 

With tears and with prayers they bore him 

to rest; 
The soldiers he loved laid the turf on his 

breast. 
Oh ! never such tears their eyes wept before 
As Ii'll for their leader, who'll lead them no 

more ! 
Thi'V looked on their banner — 'twas bright 

through their tears — 
The memory of Ellsworth their banner en- 

ilears! 
Must lite such as liu the sacrifice be 
To shield from the traitorthe flag of the free? 

Oh I why must the loved, the dearest of all, 
He tirst in the field, and the soonest to fallV 
Tliough dark be the path where our footsteps 

may go. 
What we see not now we hereafter shall 

know; 
Why death hath been sutfered to quench the 

young life. 
The' strength that we needed in war's comiug 

strife — ^ 
Why wi! hear tlie sad words, " yield dust unto 

dust," 
Said over the sleeper whose arm was o\ir 

trust. 

When morning shall ilawn, and our freedom 

is won, 
When the soldier comes home, and the battle 

is done. 
When laurels we twine for the true and the 

brave — 
Our love shall look back to tlu; hero who gave 
His lite and his genius, all radiant with 

youth. 
To i"'reeiloni's dear cause — to his country anil 

truth. 
,\nd no name shall be \vreatlnnl in victory's 

song 
With lioncn-s more dear than to Ellsworth 

belong! jin.rnT. 

LAIMtKI, Bkooli, June 3, IHfii. 

— [Boston rjournal. 



All Hail, CoNNECTici tI — The Ilart- 
fi)i(l Press lit last ovcuiiij; clii'onifli'.s the 
lolldwiiif; fjlorious eviilciiee ol i)iihlic 
spirit ami iialriotisni hi tlie ( 'oniieetietit 
legislature: — 

•'•.V bill was reported yesterday, ap- 
propriatiiii^ $'2,000,()00, and atithori/.iiif; 
the fjoviTiior to call out ten thousand 
nii'n for the defense of the I'nidii. It 
was passed uii:ininii)tisly this morning;, 
by both houses. .\ll parlies joined in 
ur};iii;; it throiif^h with a heart v flood 
will." 

Uy this bill the ini'U are to receive ,$J() 
a month in addition to the f^overniiient 
allow anee. 



Letters from the Seat of War. 

A.NNAi'oi.is, Ml)., May 1, 18(;i. 
To the Editor ol the Hoston Jouriidl : 

Cold and windy to-day; so cold that heavy 
overcoats are comfortable; so windy that it 
has been impossible to land Ellsworth's 
zoua\'es ami tiic New York Fifth regiment, 
which are below. They will doubtless be 
landed and forwarded to Washington to-mor- 
row. The affairs of this post have now be. 
come pretty well organized. Doctor Kimball, 
of Lowell, is surgeon-general; Gen. E. W. 
Peirce. of Massachusetts, is master of ord- 
nance; Captain Turidey, of the regular ser- 
vice, is quartermaster; T. Bailey Myers, of 
New York, is assistant-quartermaster; Capt- 
.T. E. Estabrook, of Worcester, is i.ssuing com- 
mi.ssary, and Captain DeForest, a volunteer 
from Philadelphia, is receiving comndssary ; 
Mr. Crane, of Lowell, is postmaster. The 
■railriKul business has been systematized, too. 
Heretofore every passenger going to or from 
Washington, via" .■\nnapolis, has been obliged 
to call at headquarters to have his passport 
countersigned. The head-quarters of the de- 
partment have appeared a good deal like an 
emigrant forwarding-otfice. Last night there 
were about one hundre<l and fifty passes ex- 
amined and countersigned before 11 o'clock, 
when I went home, so to speak. After that I 
understand another crowd, quite as large, ar- 
rived and were put through the usual course. 
All this sort of thing is now to be stopped. 
Passengers are to take and leave the boat at 
the wharf in town, and two sets of trains are 
to be run over the railway — military and 
passenger. 

Gentlemen who have got petitions to be ap- 
pointed to ollice, and have an idea that by 
displaying the envelope thereof, addressed to 
" A. Lincoln, President," etc., they can pass 
themselves oflf as " bearers of dispatches," 
need not take nuich comfort from the above, 
however. The " United .States Military route" 
is a "hard roail to travel!" I assure you. 
Aside from tlie liability of being stopped by 
a gentleman in uniform, who doesn't like 
your appearance, there is the fact that the 
necessity of the public service will always 
override' the pleasure of mere private travel- 
ers, there is the chance — and a right .smart 
chance it is — that you will be turned loose, 
late at night, in the little town of Annapolis, 
with the privilege of sleeping wherever you 
can — in a stable, it fortunate, in the street if 
you are not. 

Red tape rules in some quarters. In a camp 
like this there are a great many letters writ- 
ten home. Unfortunately not one man in a 
hundred has a postage-stamp. But they uiust 
be sent, uevertheless, under these circuni. 
stances. t.i(?neral Butler addressed a commu- 
nication to the postoftice department, propos- 
ing that stamjis shovdd be furnished, and here 
is the reiily he got.— 

'• PO.ST-OFFICE Dkpt., May 1, 1861. 

",S'ir,— lam instructed by the postiuaster- 
gcneral to advise; you that after full consider- 
ation of till' subject of your dispatch of yes- 
terdiiy. he finds himself constrained to say 
that he has no authority to sanctitui the ar- 
rangement which you suggest for furnishing 
l)o-,tagc-stamiis t" the gallant men under 
your commauil. He can not <lisregard the 
law governing his action in this matter, 
lunch as it would gratify him to manifest by 
any means in his power his admiration of the 
stern patriotism which has brought so many 
of the sons of the Bay state hitherward so 
promptly. 

" I am very respectfully, your obedient ser. 
vant, 'riinM.\s P. Trott, Chief Clerk. 

"To Brig. gen. B. F. Butler, Annapolis, Md." 

It is pleasant to learn that in these lawless 
times there is (uie man who will not even dis. 
po.se of a post stanqi without tlic sanction of 
the statute. The postage-stamp bu.siness is 
settled, however. General I'.utler has written 
to liu' postmaslerat I'erryville, onlering him 
to stamp the camp letters, and agreeing to 
pay the expense himself, if the government 
will not. 

The Thiril battalion and the Massachusetts 
liifles, an<l the Tenth company. Eighth regi- 
ment, Captain Briggs, all' ordered to be ready 
to march at 7 o'clock tomorrow morning. 
The men are all in high glee, but not one of 
them knows where he is to go. 

Thisallernoon I took a drive of half a dozen 
miles into the ecamtry. Two fine estates 



greetetl the eye, but tiie greater portion of 
the territory is covered by the shanties of the 
poor wdiites. At the teri'ninus of the trip 1 
made a call upon a couple of guards of the 
Si.Kty-ninth. They are posted at distances 
not more than half a mili; apart, the right 
resting on Bladensburg, and the left e-xtend- 
ing to the railway-station in this city. The 
men have built shanties, in which they say 
they live very comfortably. Tliey find no 
trouble at all' from the enemy — if tliere is 
any, wliich is becoming a matter of great 
doubt. 

A cargo of cars and a locomotive arrived 
from Perryville this morning. In a few days 
they will be put upon the railway at the 
wharf. 

There is a growing opinion here that there 
is to be no fight. Certainly there is to be 
none with Maryland, which was so warlike 
a week ago. There is no reliable eviilencc 
that there are five hundred men who want to 
fight between here and Montgomery. The 
Potomac is open. The roads of Maryland — 
of this part of it, at least — are safe for ]>ul>lie 
travel. There is none of that "excitement " 
about which His E.xcellency Governor Hicks 
so much dreaded ten days'ago. Troops can 
be moved, to any number, from New York to 
Washington, via Perryville and this port, in 
less than twenty. four hours, as safely as they 
can be moved I'rom Boston to Worcester, and 
this place can be held against all the men in 
the " Confederacy " capable of bearing arms, 
for an unlimited time. 



Interesting Correspondence — Re- 
pressing Slave Insurrections. 

COMiMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

Executive Dep.\ktment, ) 
Council Chamber, Boston, April ih, isni. ( 
General, — I have received through Blajor 
Ames a dispatch transmitted from Perry- 
ville, detailing the proceedings at Annapolis 
from the time of your arrival ofi' that port un- 
til the hour when Major Ames left you to 
return to Philadelphia.' 1 wish to rei)eat the 
assurance of my entire satisfaction with the 
action you have taken, with a single excep- 
tion. If I rightly understood the telegraphic 
dispatcli, I think that your action in tender- 
ing to Governor Hicks the assistance t>f Qur 
Massachusetts troops to suppress a threat- 
ened servile insurrection among the hostile 
people of Marylaml, was unnecessary. I 
hope that the fuller dispatches, which are on 
their way from you, may show reasons why I 
should modify my opinion concerning that 
particular Ins'tanee; but in general I think 
that the matter of servile insurrections among 
a community in arms against the Fed- 
eral Union, is no longer to be regarded by 
our troops in a political, but solely in a mili- 
tary point of view, and is to be con'temiilatcd 
as one of the inherent weaknesses of the en- 
emy, from the disastrous operations of which 
we are under no obligation of a military char- 
acter to guard them, in order that they may 
be enabled to improve the security which our 
arms would afi'ord, so as to prosecute with 
more energy' their traitorous attacks uiion 
the Federal goveinment and capital. The 
mode in which such outl>reaks are to be con- 
sidered should depend entirely upon the loy- 
alty or disloyalty of the community in which 
the>' occur, and in the vicinity of Annapolis 
I can, on this occasion, perceive no reason of 
military i»olicy wliy a force summoned to the 
defense of the Federal government, at this 
moment of nil others, should be offered to be 
diverted from its immediate duty, to help 
liebels, who stand with arms in their hands, 
obstructing its progress toward the city of 
Washington. 1 entertain no doubt that when, 
ever we shall have an opportunity to inter- 
change our views personally on this subject, 
we shall arrive at entire <'oncordance of opin. 
ion. Yours laithlullv. 

(Signed.) .inilN A. 'ANDREW. 
To Brigadier-geueral Butler. 

Depart.mknt of ANNAI'OMS, ) 
HicAD-yUAKTKKS, ANNAI'OMS, May!), I8(il. t 
To His Excellency .Ions A. Andrew, Gover- 
nor and Commander-in-chief. 
.Vir,— I have delayed replying to Y'our Ex- 
cellency's dispatch of the April 'i.ith, in my 
other dispatches, because as it involved only 
disaiiinobation of an act done, couched in the 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



67 



kindest language, I supposed the interest ot 
the country couUl not sulfer from the delay; 
and incessant hibor, up to the present mo- 
ment, has prevented my giving full consider- 
ation to tlie topic. Temporary illness, which 
forbids bodily activity, gives me now a mo- 
ment's jiaiise. 

Tlnr tt'lc^raph, with more than usual accu- 
racv. bad riti:btly informed Your Excellency 
that 1 liud oUVred the services of the Massachu- 
setts troops under my command to the author- 
ities of Maryland in suppressing a threatened 
slave insurrection. Fortunately for us all, 
the rumor of such an outbreak was without 
substantial foundation. Assuming, as Your 
Excellency does in your dispatch, that I was 
carrying on military operations in an ene- 
my's country, when a war a Ventrance was to 
be waged, my act might be a matter of dis- 
cussion. Anil in that view, acting in the light 
of the IJaltiniore murders and the apparently 
hostile itosit ion of Maryland, Your Excellency 
might, without mature reflection, have come 
to the conclusion of disapprobation ex- 
pressed in your dispatch. But the facts, 
especially as now aided by their results, will 
entirely justify my act, and reinstate me in 
Your Excellency's good opinion. 

True, I landed on the soil of Maryland 
against the formal protest of its governor 
and of tlie corporate authorities of Annapolis, 
but without any armed opposition on their 
part, and expecting opposition only from in- 
surgents assembled in riotous contempt of 
the laws of this state. Before, by letter, and 
at the time of landing, by personal interview, 
1 had informcil Governor Hicks that soldiers 
of the Union, under my command, wei-e 
armed only against the insvirgents and dis- 
turbers of the peace of Maryland ami of the 
United States. 1 received from Governor 
Hicks assurances of tlie loyalty of the state to 
the Union — assurances which subsequent 
events have fully justified. The mayor of 
Annapolis also informed me that the city 
authorities would in no wise oppose me, but 
that I was in great danger from the excited 
and riotous mobs of Baltimore pouring down 
upon me, and in numbers beyond the control 
of his police. I assured both the governor 
and the mayor that 1 had no fear of a Balti- 
more or other mob, and that, supported by 
the authorities of the state and city, I should 
suppress all hostile demonstrations against 
the laws of Maryland and the Ihiitcfl States, 
and that I would protect both myself and the 
city of Annapolis from any disorderly per- 
sons whatsoever. On the morning following 
my landing, I was informed that the city of 
Annapolis and environs were in danger from 
an insurrection of the slave population, in 
defiance of the laws of the state. What was I 
to do? I had promised to put down a white 
mob and to preserve and enforce laws against 
that. Ought 1 to allow a black one any prefer- 
ence in abreachof thelaws? I understood that 
IwasarniedajiainstalUnfractionsof thelaws, 
whether by white or black, and upon that un- 
derstanding I acted, certainly with prompt- 
ness and efKciency. And Y'our Excellency's 
shadow of disapprobation, arising from a 
misunderstanding of the facts, has caused all 
the regi-et I have for that action. The ques- 
tion seemed to me to be neither military nor 
political, and was not to be so treated. It was 
simply a question of good faith and honesty 
of purpose. The benign effect of my course 
was instantly seen. The good but timid peo- 
ple of Annapolis, who had fled from their 
houses at our approach, immediately re- 
turned ; business resumed its accustomed 
channels; quiet and oi'der prevailed in the 
city; confidence took the place of distrust> 
friendship of enmity, brotherly kindness of 
sectional hate, and I believe to-day there is 
no city in the Union more loyal than the city 
of Annapolis. I think, therefore, I may safely 
point to the results for my ju.stiflcation. The 
vote of the neighboring county of Washing- 
ton, a few days since, for its delegate to the 
legislature, wherein four thousand out of five 
thousand votes were thrown for a delegate 
favorable to the Union, is among the many 
happy fruitsof firmness of purpose, etliciency 
of action, and integrity of mission. 1 believe, 
indeed, that it will not require a personal in- 
terchange of views, as suggested m your dis- 
patch, to bring our minds in accordance; a 
simple statement of the facts will suffice. 

But I am to act hereafter, it may be, in an 
enemy's country, among a servile popula- 
tion, when the question may arise, as it has 



not yet arisen, as well in a moral and Chris- 
tian, as in a political and military, point of 
view. What shall I then do? Will Your Ex- 
cellency bear with me a moment while this 
(juestion is discussed? 

1 appreciate fully Your Excellency's sugges- 
tion as to the inherent weakness ot the 
Rebels, arising from the preponderance of 
their servile population. The question, then, 
is, In what manner shall we take advantage 
otthat wi-iikness? By allowing, and of course 
arnung, that population, to rise upon the de- 
fenseless women and children of the country, 
carrj'ing rapine, arson, and murder — all the 
horrors of San Domingo, a million times mag- 
nified, among those whom we hope to reunite 
with us as brethren, many of whom are al- 
ready so, and all who are worth preserving 
will he, when tliis horrible madness shall 
have passed away or he threshed out of 
them? Would Your Excellency advise the 
troops under my command to 'make war in* 
person upon tlie defenseless women and 
children of any part of the Union, accompa- 
nied with brutalities too horrible to be 
named? You will say, " God forbid ! " If we 
may not do so in person, shall we arm others 
so to do, over whom we can have no restraint, 
exercise no control, and who, when once they 
have tasted blood, may turn the very arms 
we put in their hands against ourselves, as a 
part of the oppressing white race? The read- 
ing of history so familiar to Your Excellency 
will tell you the bitterest cause of complaint 
which our fathers had against Great Britain, 
in the war of the Kevolution, was the urming 
by the British ministry of tlie red man with the 
tomahawk and the scalping-knife against the 
women and children of the colonies, so that the 
phrase, " May we not use all the means which 
God and nature have put in our p(nver to sub- 
jugate the colonies?" has passe<i into a legend 
of infamy against the leafier of that minis- 
try who usetf it in parliament. Shall liistoiy 
teacli us in vain? Could we justify ourselves 
to ourselves? Although with arms in our 
hands amid the savageWildness of camp and 
field, we may have blunted many of the finer 
moral sensibilities in letting loose four 
millions of worse than savages upon the 
homes and hearths of the Soutli, can we be 
justified to the Christian communitj' of Mas- 
sachusetts? Would such a course be conso- 
nant with the teachings of our holy religion? 
1 have a very decided opinion upon the sub- 
ject, and if any one desires, as I know Your 
E.xcellency does not, this unhappy contest to 
be prosecuted in that manner, some instru- 
ment other than myself must be found to 
carry it on. I may not discuss the political 
bearings of this topic. When I went from un- 
der the shadow of my roof-tree, I left all poli- 
tics behind me to be resumed only when 
every part of the Union is loyal to the tlag, 
and the potency of the government through 
the ballot-box is established. 

Passing the moral and Christian view, let 
us examine the subject as a Tuilitai-y ques- 
tion. Is not that state alreaily subjugated 
which requires the bayonets of those armed 
in opposition to its rulers, to preserve it from 
the horrors of a servile war? As the least 
exijerienced of military men, I would have no 
doubt of the entire subjugation of a state 
brought to that condition. When, therefore 
— unless 1 am better advised — any commu- 
nity in the United States who have met me 
in honorable warfare, or even in the prosecu- 
tion of a rebellious war in an honorable man- 
ner, shall call upon me for protection against 
the nameless horrors of a servile insurrection, 
they shall have it, and from the moment that 
call is obeyed, I have no doubt we shall be 
friends and not enemies. 

The possibilities that dishonorable means 
of defense are to be taken by the Rebels 
against the government I do not now contem- 
plate. If, as has been done in a single in- 
stance, my men are to be attacked by poison, 
or as in another, stricken down by the assas- 
sin's knife, and thus murdered, the commu- 
nity using such weapons may be required to 
be taught tliat it holds within its own border 
a more potent means for deadly purposes 
and indiscriminate slaughter than any which 
it can administer to us. 

Trusting that these views may meet Y'our 
Excellency's approval, I have the honor to 
be, 

Very respectfully, 

Your olje<lient servant, 

BENJ. F. BUTLER. 



Letter from Wiscasset. 

WiscASSiCT, Me., May 9, 18(51. 
To the Editor of the Boston Journal: 

The Stars and Stripes were displayed from 
the Custom house to-day by Mr. Foote, the 
newly-appointed collector, with very inter- 
esting ceremonies. A large crowd of ladies 
and gentlemen were in attendance, together 
with the company of volunteers under com- 
mand ot Capt. E". M. Smith. After some re- 
marks api)ropriate to the occasion, by the 
collector, the halliards of the flag were given 
into the hands of the company, through their 
captain, who received them with a beautiful 
and eloquent response, and raised the flag to 
the truck amidst the most enthusiastic; cheers 
of his company and the crowd, and the firing 
of cannon, liis Honor Judge Kent, of the 
Supreme court, who is now holding a term at 
this place, then addressed the :isst inblagc in 
a speech abounding in scntinn-nts t.i tuurliing 
interest and sterling patriotism, spcfulies 
were also made by A. P. Gould, Esq., of Thom- 
aston, and Wales Hubbard, Esq., of Wiscas- 
set. A short address was then made to the 
volunteers by the collector, who thanked 
them for their services in the ceremonies, 
and the crowd dispersed amid hearty cheers 
for the flag. The company of volunteers is 
one of the finest in Maine, and is highly 
spoken of by good judges as a si)lendiil body 
of men, their average weight being one hun- 
dred and fifty-eight pounds, and all having 
true grit. Captain Smith, who is a son of the 
late ex-Governor Smith, of Maine, has reason 
to be proud of his company, and he has wt)n 
much applause by his unremitting exertions 
in bringing his soldiers to a good degree of 
perfection in drill. Our i>atriotic ladies are 
I)usily engaged with the needle in nnvking 
extra garnu'uts, etc., for the troops, antl our 
town is I'csolved that we will do as much in 
furnishing men and money as any town of 
equal size in Maine. 

Yours, V. B. P. 



More Refugees from the South.— 
On >\'(Mliie.^day evening four gentlemen, 
aeeonipanied by their wives and little 
ones, reached this plaee from the ^'Old 
Dominion." liaving been driven from 
their liomes on Friday last by a party of 
Southern ilebels, who notified them that 
they nni.'^t swear allegianee to the Sotith- 
eru Confederaey within the sjiace of four 
hours, OY else leave the state; or, if they 
did not comply with the order given, 
tliey would be put to death, and tlieir 
property destroyed. 

They reached this place in their coun- 
try wagons, bringing witli them only a 
portion of their clothing, as tliey were 
compelled to leave behind their furniture, 
together with their bedding, property, 
farms, etc. They state tliat the Seces- 
sionists were taking forcible possession 
of oxen, cattle, horses, etc., together 
with whatever else they could lay their 
hands on. They are ail from \ew York 
state, but for the last sixteen years have 
resided in Virginia, engaged in farming. 
— [Philadelphia Press. 



Military Matters, Etc. 
COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACiUTSETTS. 

[OFFICIAL.] 
HEAiMiCAKTRKS, BOSTON, May 13, 1861. 
General Okper No. 11. 

Whereas, It appears bj- a proclamation of 
the l*resident. and by orders issued from the 
War department of the United Slates, that no 
more volunteers will be accepted for a less 
term than three years, unless sooner dis- 
charged r 

It is, therefore, ordered, that no more o*nn- 
panics be organized except such as shall be 
enlisted under an agreement with the follow- 
ing terms: 

"We, the ninlersigned, by our signatures 



68 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



hereto annexed, tlo licreby severally afe'reo to 
serve as members of tlio Massachusetts vol- 
unteer militia in the army of the I'nited 
States, as volunteers, for the term of three 
years, unless sooner dischargetl, from the 
(late of our beins mustered into said serviee, 
in aeeordanee with the terms of tlie proela- 
niation of the President of the V'nited States, 
issued Mav3, A. D. 1801. Dated at ." 

Inasmueh as numerous contributions have 
been made and proposed for the several vol- 
unteer eonipanies, it is earnestly recom- 
mended that hereafter such funds shall be re- 
served lor the benefit of snch volunteers as 
shall enlist for the three yeai-s' term. 

The Comniiuuler-in-chief takes this oppor- 
tunity of reMderin^' his thanks for the prompt 
and patriotic response to General Order No. 
S, and for the cordial interest universally 
manifest(^d by the militia of Massachusetts in 
the cause of t'licir country. 

Major-ffenerals .button, Morse, and Andrews 
will promulKate tliis order throughout their 
resp<!etive divisions. 

By or<ler of His Excellency, 

.JOHN. A. ANDREW, 
Governor and Commander-in-chief. 

Wm. .Schoijlkr, Adjutant -general. 



Return of Colonel Cowdin of the First 
and Lieutenant-colonel Blaisdell 
of the Eleventh Regiments — In- 
teresting Account of Their Mis- 
sion. 

Col. Kolici-t Cowdiii, of the Fir.st rej;!- 
nieii!, n'tiinii'd lioiiit' last eveuiiig from 
\Vashiiij;toii,\vhitlierhe\yentou Wt'diK'S- 
day last to tender to the government 
the services of his command for three 
years, or the war. lie was accotiipanied 
by Lieutenant-colonel I'crUins and Ad- 
jutant Beach, who remained in Wasli- 
ington. They arrived at the national 
capital at Ifl o'clock on Thursday nij;iit, 
via Perryville and Annapolis. Ak)ng 
tlie entire route through Delaware 
Union flags were (lying in every direc- 
tion, and the utmost enthusiasm was 
manifested l)y all classes. The first 
troops were jriet at Edgarton, in Mary- 
land, from wliich point to AVashinglon 
every village appeared to he a military 
camp, — soldiers (larading and drums 
beating. 

On the iiiorniiig after liis arrival (ido- 
nel Cowdin met .Senator Wilson, who 
introduced liiin to (ieneral Scott, whom 
lie rei>rcsents as l)eing extremely feeble. 
The Ceiiei-.-il, in reply to the oiler of 
Colonel Cowdin, said that lie was glad 
to .see Boston so promjit to res])ond to 
the call of the President, and tliat lie 
should b(> ])loased to have her troops in 
the service. He, however, referred Colo- 
nel Cowdin to Secretary Cameron, to 
whom 111' fcM'iiially oil'ered the services 
of liis regiment. lie laid before Mr. 
Cameron a jietition to the President to 
be accepted as a part of the quota from 
Massachusetts, and Senator Wilson urged 
the claims of the First regiment, proin- 
isMig that they would go into the field 
fully armed and equipjied. Colonel 
Cowdin liad an interview with Brevet 
Brigadier- general Matislield. formerly 
of Ibis sl.-ile, who served in the Mexican 
war, anil inlormed him of his oliject in 
visiting Washington. General Mans- 
field said tliat the government needed 
tlic F'irst regiment and must have it, and 
went with Colonel Cowdin on Saturday 
morning to see the Secretary of War at 
his own liou.sc. jMr. Cameron was favor- 



ably iiiipressi_.il with the representations 
which were made respecting the regi- 
ment, wliieh he should be glad to receive, 
but as there had been four times the 
niimlier of troops offered that could be 
acce|)tcd, the matter of designating 
what regiments shoidd be sent would 
lie left with the governors of the dif- 
ferent states. If Ciovernor Andrew 
thought iiroper to send the First regi- 
miijt. he v.iiiild be highly gratified. 

( 'olonel Cowdin immediately tele- 
grajihed to Governor Andrew the re- 
sult of his interview, and requested an 
answer; but no response was received 
by liim or Lieutenant-colonel Perkins, 
who remained in Washington, wliile 
Colonel Cowdin started for the camp at 
the Belay house. lie found Captain 
Sampson," of the Washington Light In- 
fantry, in command of four companies 
of the Sixth regiment, stationed at a 
point about half a mile from the head- 
quarters of General Butler, who was 
himself at Annapolis, but returned the 
same evening. !Major Cook's command 
of light artillery was somewhat divided. 
Two pieces were posted on the brow of 
an elevation commanding the railroad 
liriilge of the lialtiniore & Wasliington 
railroad, which crosses the ravine, and 
two others were stationed so as to com- 
mand the railroad from Harper's Ferry. 

The steam-gun, accounts of the seiz- 
ure of which have reached us by tele- 
grajili, was not taken from the cars, Init 
ffoni a wagon drawn by a mule over an 
obscure road. Information of its pas- 
sage was communicated to Captain Samp- 
son by a gentleman from Baltimore, and 
by him made known to Colonel Jones, 
who sent a detachment to seize it. All 
but one of tlie men who were arrested 
witli the gun have been discharged by 
tieiicral Butler, it ajipcaring that thej' 
were merely hired to transport it. The 
gun was then in the hands of machinists, 
who were jiutting it in order. Colonel 
Cowdin secured one of the balls cap- 
tured with tlie gun, as a trophy of the 
seizure. He found Col. E. G. Parker at 
the liead- quarters of Gieneral Butler, 
and was kindly received. 

Tlie troo])S, both at the Kelay house 
and those of the Eighth regiment in 
W;ishington, are re|)resenteil as having 
worn out the uniforms which they wore 
from home. The troops are objects of 
great curiosity to the Baltimoreans, who 
visit the camp daily to the number of 
five liiitidred. After dining with Cap- 
tain Sampson Colonel Cowdin started 
for .Vntia|iolis, and on the way passed a 
train with tliree thousand irooiis on 
board. 

\ meeting of the otiicers of tlie First 
regimeiil was held last rvening, at w hicli 
Colonel Cowdin g.ive all account of his 
adventures. All honorable means will 
lie employed to induce the governor to 
order llie regiment to Washington, and 
as this was the first regiment of volun- 
teers tendered the gem^ral government 
for the term of three years, it seems 
eminently jiroiier that tliey should be 
sent. 

liieufenant-colonel Blaisdell, id llie 
Elevenlli regiment, also rclurned to 



this city yesterday from Washington, 
where he has been to oftf'r the services 
of his regiment for the war. He found 
the whole length of the military route 
recently opened from tlie Delaware line 
to Havre de Grace, and from Annapolis 
to Washington, elosel_v guarded by sen- 
tinels, who stand in sight of each other 
for the whole distance. An attack was 
daily exjiected on the liead-quarters of 
Cieni;ral Butler at the Belay house, but 
no doubt was entertained that it woiUd 
be repulsed. 

In W^ashington the desire was ex- 
pressed that the expenses of the military 
shoulil be kept at as low a figure as pos- 
sible, as it was universally anticipated 
that file war would be a long one and 
draw heavily upon the resources of the 
country. 

He says that the thin clothing which 
it has been proposed to send on for the 
use of the troops, would be good for 
nothing when on a campaign, no matter 
what the climate might be. Only the 
strongest cloths should be used in the 
manufacture of uniforms, as nothing 
else will stand the wear and tear of 
active serviee. 

The Colonel brought dispatches from 
the government to Governor Andrew, 
and the regiment w'ith which lie is 
connected (Colonel Clark's) will ju-ob- 
ably be called upon as one of the three 
new ones which are to be taken from 
Massachusetts. 



The 'War News. 



On Saturday General Scott forwarded 
dis]iatches to "General Butler, at Annapo- 
lis, placing the Massachusetts Sixth 
regiment and other troops at his com- 
mand, and giving him three days to 
take possessiim of the Relay house at 
the junction of the Baltimore & Ohio 
•and the Baltimore A Washington rail- 
roads, nine miles from Baltimore and 
thirty from Washington. General But- 
ler responded tliat he would hold re- 
ligious services there yesterday. The 
Sixth regiment went up early Sunday 
morning. This movement was made to 
co-ojierate w itli the Pennsylvania troops 
now advancing upon Baltimore from 
the other side. 

At noon yesterday the Massachusetts 
Eighth and" the New York Fifty-.second 
train arrived at the Relay house. They 
took possessiim of the telegraph wires, 
planted eight howitzers on the viaduct, 
and invested the entire neighborhood. 
T'hey have encamped on the grounds on 
tlie "west side of Patapsco river. This 
point gives full conimand of the road to 
and from the West. 

'I'lie bridges burned by the Baltimore 
rioters are all being rebuilt, and coiu- 
munication will soon be reopened. 

A special Washington dispatch to the 
New York Herald says tliat Ciovernor 
Andrew has notified the Secretary of 
the Navy of the purchase of the steam- 
ships Massachuxetts and South Carolina, 
and asks authority to commission com- 
manders, if not emjiloyed Ijy the gov- 
ernment. They will be used to protect 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



69 



Massachusetts' comracrce from Jeflersou 
Davis" pirates. 

Tlie Rhode Island Artillery, with Ells- 
worth's Fire Zouaves, are ordered to 
Alexandria to-day. The citizens of that 
place have pledged themselves that 
steamers or vessels i)assiug there shall 
not be molested, and tlie Pawnee, which 
was stationed there, «ill he removed. 

The War department has issued an 
order creating a military department at 
Annapolis, under General Butler, em- 
liracing Annapolis and the railroad from 
Annapolis to Badensburg, with twenty- 
cue miles each side of the track, and 
including Baltimore. 

The new steamer Minnesota sailed 
from the C'harlestown navy yard ou Sat- 
urday, and the Niagara from New York 
yesterday, both with sealed orders. 

It is reported that all Secessioiusts 
have been oi-dei'ed to leave Washington 
at once. 

General Patterson has proposed a tly- 
ing railroad battery of artillery, prob- 
ably to be used ou the road from An- 
napolis to Washington. The guns are 
mounted ou a railroad freight car, and 
will be put in position for instant ser- 
vice in case of emergency. 

A million percussion caps were seized 
at New Yorl< on Friday, which had beeu 
shipped for Charleston. A case of re- 
\olvers were also seized at the American 
express office. 

A corps of telegraph operators are be- 
ing organized to be attached to the army. 

Letters from Boston, received in Wash- 
ington, indicate tliat §5,000,000 of the 
new loan (.$18,000,000) will be taken in 
that city. 

The Massachusetts Kitles, from Wor- 
cester, have re-inforced Fort McHenry, 
— the famous point, which, while being 
attacked by the English, suggested the 
grand song of the ''Star-spangled Ban- 
ner.'' 

Telegraphic eonununicatiou with Har- 
per's Ferry is cut oil', and it was rumored 
in Maryland yestenlay that no more 
trains west would be allowed to leave; 
and it was understood tliat the move- 
ment was the basis of operations to re- 
take Harper's Ferry. 

The report that Pennsylvania troops 
had passed through Baltimore on Friday 
is not fully credited. 

Ou Saturilay there were thirty thou- 
sand troops in and around Washingtou. 

Cairo, III., to be Attacked. A dispatch 
from Cairo, at which some days ago 
three thousand Western troops had as- 
sembled, says : — 

"General Pillow, General Ely, and 
cither prominent otlicers of the Confed- 
erate army, with a large number from 
Mississippi and Arkansas, are at Mem- 
phis, and heavy guns are arriving there 
daily. Colonel Prentiss, commanding 
officer at Cairo, has just received the 
following dispatch from three of the 
most prominent citizens of Cincinnati : 
' General Pillow has several steamers 
ready at Memphis. He meditates an 
immediate attack on Cairo, HI.' Colonel 
Prentiss replied: ' Eet him come. He 
will learn to dig his ditch on the right 
side. I am ready.' " 



A dispatch to the New Vork Xews, 
dated Saturday, says: — 

"It is the intention of General Scott 
to open the campaign against the South 
by retaking Harper's Ferry, at every 
hazard, as soon as troops shall have 
been marched through Baltimore, and 
the Secession movement has been sup- 
pressed in Maryland. You may rely 
ujjou this intelligence. Harper's Ferry 
will be again in the hands of the Federal 
government before the 12th lust. Mean- 
while, Pennsylvania troops, under the 
protection of batteries on the heights 
and around Baltimore, will force a pas- 
sage through that citv." 



A Letter from Home. 

HV V. HENRY ST. .JOHN. 

.Some were sitting — suinc "wcru stanUiiig 

Soaie were fisliing in tlie \ii\iv. ; 
Some were sound asleep and dreaming; 

Some were dreaming wide awake; 
Some were patcliing up their tatters; 

Some were polishing their guns; 
Some were reading ragged! letters; 

Some were popping sorry puns; 

Each was using his endeavor 

Tims to i>ass the time away; 
All were an.xious, all were readj-, 

All were sighing for the " fray," 
When soon there came a murmur, 

Like the rising of a gale — 
''Corporal Jones has got a letter 

From his sister, by the mail ! " 

" A letter, boys! a letter! " 

And each man was on big feet ; 
" Corporal -Jones has got a letter! " 

IIow we scampered up the " street " ! 
A letter from New England ' 

'T was an angel from the skies. 
Some came with eager questions, 

Not a few with tearful eyes. 

" Now please to reatl it, Corporal, 

Let us hear it — every word." 
Yet nothing but the criickle 

<H the paper could be heard ; 
But that alone was music, 

And no sweeter seemed to be — 
For it brought the leafy rustle 

Of our dear old trysting tree ! 

With frequent interruption 

Does he read it line by line — 
IIow the corn-crop is progressing, 

And how flourishes the vine; 
Then all that father 's doing, 

And something mother said ; 
IIow Sally lirown is wedded, 

And Miiry Smith is dead. 

Too soon the sheet is ended; 

IIow very brief it seems! 
But it sets us all a-talkiug, 

And it lengthens out our dreams. 
For our feet in fancy wander 

<.)'cr the hills we know so well, 
And we linger 'neath the roof-tree 

W^here our hearts' affections dwell ! 

Oh, ye who may not shoulder 

A musket in the strife — 
Each mother, daughter, sister, 

Each matron, maiden, wife — 
Let every gale come laden 

With the perfume of your love. 
And spirits faint aud drooping 

'T will to deeds of valor move ! 



An Act of Justice. — We are glad 
that Governor Andrew has issued an 
order that the numbers of the new regi- 
ments raised for service shall be changed, 
so as not to be confouuded with the 
regiments already in service. This is 
but simple justice, as each regiment will 
be responsible for its own acts ; and any 
glory that may have beeu won by the 
Sixth regiment, or an.v other, will not 
be given to those that enter the service 



later; and any disgrace (we pray there 
may be none) that may fall upon any 
body of men, will fall where it belongs, 
and not hereafter rest ui)on those who 
should not share it. It will also excite 
each regiment to strive for distinction, 
having the example of those who have 
acquitted themselves nobly to prompt 
them to greater exerti(ms, knowing that 
what they win can not be shared with 
others. We think the act which has 
settled this matter eminently wise and 
proper. 

The six new regiments will be num- 
bered as follows : Colonel Cowdin's, 
First ; Colonel (Jordon's, Second ; Colonel 
Couch's, Seventh; Colonel Cass', \inth; 
Colonel Briggs', Tenth: (.'olonel Clark's, 
Eleventh. It is probable that the Web- 
ster regiment will retain its present 
designation as the Twelfth. 



Extra Session of the Legislature — 
Governor's Proclamation. 

WnKKliAS, It isproviileii Ijy the constituti<in 
of the commonwealth that tiie governor, with 
the consent of the couutal. shall have full 
power nn<l autlinrily during the rc<H*ss of the 
<Teneral C'ourt, to call it together sorinci- than 
the time to which it was adjourned, if the 
welfare of the state shall require the same. 
And. whereas, the welfure of the common- 
wealth does in my judgment riMjuire that the 
Gener.al Court should be called together to 
deliberate upon the present condition of 
public alTairs, I do, tlu^refore, with the advice 
and consent of the council, issue this, my 
proclamation, to the members ot the General 
Court, to assemble at the .state house, on 
Tuesday, the 14th day of May instant, at 12 
o' clock j noon. 

Given in the comjeil chambtu", etc. 

(Signed.) .JOHN A- ANDREW. 

Olivek Warsku, Sec'y of Slate. 



Practical Men in the Army. — 
The New York Tribiine, a few days ago. 
in describing the reconstruction of the 
railroad at Annapolis, by the New York 
Seventh and Massachusetts Eighth regi- 
ments, relates the following striking 
incident : — 

"All know how the willing hearts 
and skilful liands of the two regiments 
did tliat duty; how the man who made 
the engine repaired his own W(3rk : how 
engineers and artisans of all necessary 
crafts were found among that efficient 
and hardy band of Eastern men, till at 
length the whole road was complete 
save a single rail. It was sought for in 
vain. Every nook and corner was 
scanned, but still that one remaining 
link was wanting, without which the 
work was incomplete. It was a Massa- 
chusetts man who rose to the emergency. 
With eyes and faculties sharpened by 
use, and the habit of overcoming ob- 
stacles, he surveyed the ground, con- 
sidered probabilities, and weighed the 
chances. Then, with an instinct as un- 
erring as that of an Indian, who reads 
in the turning of a leaf the passage of 
a foe, he made his way to a deep stream, 
at some distance, examined its banks, 
and stripped. Three times he plunged 
to the bottom, and the third time 
brought up the missing rail! 'I am 
working for my country, and not for 
pa}',' he said, when, amid the cheers of 
the Seventh's men, one of them ofi'ered 
him a piece of gold." 



70 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



The Soldier's Wife. 

[A soldioi-, \\hosf wife was in a tiecliae unci 
evidently liad bill a lew weeks lonfjer to live, 
hail reeeived notiei- that his fei^iinent was to 
pvoeeeil at once to the defense of our national 
capital. 

He was devotedly attached to his wife, and 
taking her hand tenderly in his, he told her 
that his country had suuimoned him to her 
defense, adding'tluit he left it to her to decide 
■whether he should go or stay. 

With a heroism whicli fintis a itarallel only 
in those times which tried the souls of men 
and the hearts of women, she bade him go, 
though well she knew, as he drew lier fondly 
to his heart, that she should never morebe- 
hold him until they met in that home of peace 
and love into which the tumult of war never 
enters.] 

.Said a stately form upspringing. 
While his stirring accents, ringing. 

Sounded like some martial strain, 
"Lo, 1 hear my country calling! 
Tnavenged he'r sons are falling ! 

By their treacherous brothers slain ! 

*' Shall I hear that call unheeding? 
.Shall I see her wronged and bleeding? 

And my righteous wrath restrain? 
lly the Iliig that waves above me ! 
By the cherished hearts that love me! 
Neitiier doubt nor fear shall move me! 

I will Freedom's cause maintain ! " 

Gentler, softer thought came o'er him, 
As a slight form rose before him ; 

Mournful was the look she gave. 
Like a broken lily lying, 
Well he knew that she was dying. 
That each winged moment flying. 

Bore her swiftly to the grave. 

Fondly on her pale cheek gazing, 
To his lips her thin hand raising. 

Tender grew his voice, and low; 
"Weill know how much 'twill grieve thee. 
Speak, dear love, 'tis hard to leave thee ! 
Shall the patriot's ranks receive me? 

Tell me, shall I stay, or go V 

On his face ber dark eyes turning, 
All her soul within her burning. 
Stilling every tender yearning 

That would keep him by her side : 
" Siiall my woman's tears'restrain thee? 
Shall my clasping arms detain thee. 

When thy country calls? " she cried. 

*' Dearer than the <learest brother. 
Loving sire or tender mother, 
To my heart there is no other ! 

Naught have 1 on earth beside! 
What am 1 that thou slKuild'st heed me? 
(io ! the God of Freedom speed thee! 
As of vore, His hand shall lead tltee 

Safely o'er the stormy tiite. 

" Kreely to thy eonnti-\- giving 

lleallli "aiui strength, aiidlile. while living. 

I.ive, onr laud to guai-d and save! 
All her traitorous foes defying. 
Never wavering, n»!Ver Ilyiu;^, 
In her cause, if wounded,' dying! 

Die, as die the true and brave! " 

Thus she spoke, his grief beguiling. 
Yet. Ihougli brightl>-. softly smiling. 

Heavy grew her Iwart with pain. 
As she felt his arm luitold her 
Knowing that In; nt^'er would liold her 

Warmly to liis heart again. 

Where seraiihic sti-ains are breathing. 
There the angels' hands ar<' w{!a\'ing 

For her head tin- martyr's crown ; 
Who, with steps lliat diii not falter. 
Upon Freedciui's holy altar. 

Laid the bestbelov);d down. M. (l. h. 

Nasim'A, N. H., May, ISfd. 



■War Letters. 



The New Bedford Slandaril imblislics 
a letter from a lady in Washington, in 
wliicli she spciiks .-it leiiijlh of the re- 
.-pect and esti-eni tell IVir eaeli other by 
tlie New ^■ork .Seventh and th(> Jhissa- 



chusetts Eighth regiments. She relates 
the following interesting incident: — 

" Tliei-e is a story told by one of the 
.Seventh that no one can listen to with- 
out tears and a glow of pride in our 
Xew England soldiers, lie saj'S, ' While 
eneani]ied in Maryland, I wandered oft' 
one day and came to a farm-house, 
where \ saw a party of those Massa- 
ehusetts fellows — well, no, tliey were 
Khode Island boys — talking with a 
woman who Wiis greatly frightened. 
Thej' tried in vain to quiet her appre- 
hensions. They asked for food, and 
she cried, "Oh, take all I have; take every 
thing, hut spare my siekhusband !" "'Oh, 
darn it ! "' said one of the men, " we ain't 
goin" to hurt you ; we want something to 
eat." But tlie woman i)ersisted in being 
frightened in sjiite of all elt'orts to reas- 
sure Iier. and liurried wliatever food 
.she had on tlie table. But,' said the 
lieutenant, " when site saw this company 
.stand about tlie table with bared heads, 
and a tall, gaunt man raise his liainl 
and invoke God's lilessing on tlie lioun- 
ties spread before them, the jioor woman 
broke down with a fit of sobbing aiid 
crying. She liad no longer any tears, 
but bid them wait, and in a tew moments 
hail made them hot coft'ee in abundance. 
.She then emptied their canteens of the 
muddy water they contained, and tilled 
tliem witli coft'ee. Her astonislimeiit 
iiu'reased when they insisted ujion l>ay- 
iiig her.' The lieutenant tells tliis w itb 
great expression. Said he, 'Their ask- 
ing a blessing took me by surprise; and 
w lien I saw tliis, I felt that our country 
was safe with sucli men to tight for it." " 

Nearly ever_v letter from Washington 
refers to tlie regiments above mentioned. 

A letter published in the Worcester 
Tntnscript contains the following: — 

"The Eightli ^lassachusetts regiment 
came here mucli worn out. Night be- 
fore last we gave them our supper, and 
yesterday the New York .Seventli im- 
iiKu-talized itself liy sending them about 
twenty casks of lager, several barrels 
of boiled eggs, bread, oranges, and 
lemons in abundance. I never wit- 
nessed such another noble act of kind- 
ness, and the Eiglitll were coui]ili-t(dy 
overwludmed. They were absohitely 
starving, as no facilities had tlieu been 
provided for cooking their rations; and 
this kind provision of the New York 
Seventli towards our own brethren of 
Mass;iclnisetls ought to call forth the 
eternal gralitude of every son of Mas- 
s.'ieluisetls. One of the otticers of the 
Kighlli, in a few brief remarks to the 
Seventli, s:u(l, "The New ^'ork Seventh 
are our preservers, for liow could we 
liave lived, were it not for your bounty'?' 
An ollieer of the Seveiilb jumped to his 
feet, aiiil re|died : '(iood (lod ! comrades- 
in-arms, do n'l t:ilk that! We never 
could liave readied Washington were 
it not for the aid of tlie Massachusetts 
Kiglith. You found mei'lianics to re- 
pair lh<- loconiolives, to l:iy the track, 
and to run the locomotives from An- 
napolis to the Junction. Witliont that 
:iid we could never have eouie througli.' 
The boys of bolli regiments actually 
cried, so deep was I lie feeling. That 



Seventh regiment has a big heart — God 
bless them 1 " 

Governor Sprague can not accept the 
position of brigadier-general in the army 
without yielding his official position at 
home, and telegraphs officially to the 
people of Rhode Island that lie desires 
to remain where he can best serve his 
country. He will shortly' return home. 

The gallant little state i.s ready to re- 
spond literally to the parting injunction 
of her governor, who, as he bade farewell 
to his friends on the pier, said. " For 
every man that falls, send ten, and do n't 
spare the money." 



The Rhode Island Regiment. 

"Perley" says: "The llhode Island 
regiment, in point of apjiearaiice, was 
even superior to the Seventli New York, 
as the men are admirably uniformed and 
equipped." We are indebted to a friend 
for the following facts, which will ac- 
count for this manifest superiority: — 

When Governor Sprague issued his 
call for volunteers, about three times 
the number re(|uired presented them- 
selves. To choose from these the num- 
ber wanted, in the flrst ])lace every man 
was subjected, as in the United States 
regular army, to a careful examination 
by surgeons, the man being stripped en- 
tirely naked, and a variety of tests ap- 
plied. If any <lefect or infirmity was 
discovered, the man was set aside. 

In one instance, a stout-built, well- 
made man, weighing one hundred and 
seventy-five jiounds, who told the sur- 
geon iie could throw him out of the 
window, was told, "You can't pass, sir; 
one of your lungs is diseased." An- 
other, who supposed himself all right, 
after a little liesitation was set aside by 
the surgeon. "What's the matter with 
me," he said, "Ain't I liealthy'/" 
"Y-e-s!"was the repl}'. "Then why 
can't I g'O?" 'I'urning ilowii a cliair the 
surgeon rejilied, "If you will jump over 
that chair you may." The recruit made 
a resolute dash at the chair, but landed 
on his back. His legs were not equal 
to it, so lie could n't go. 

One of th<' tests employed was a 
vigorous bU>w in the loins from the sur- 
geon's fist. 

After this rigorous examination bad 
Ihrowii aside all the unsound men there 
still remained one-half more than were 
\\;uited, and military officers made a 
second sidei-titm, leaving (Uit one-third 
of the nuuiher. 

Governcu' Sprague, who goes in com- 
mand, though a civilian, has been for 
years a diligent student of military 
science, and also liad opiiortunity for 
personal observati(Ui of military opera- 
tions in the late Italian war, so that he is 
well versed in tile theoretical knowledge. 

.\mong the ollieers of the IMiode 
Island rcgimeiil :u'e Goloncd Burnside 
and Major Slocumb, who have both 
seen service and attained a high reputa- 
tion in the ITnited States regular army. 
They have emiiloyed their experience 
and indefatigable personal ;itteiitioii to 
perfect the equipment and discipline of 
the Khotle Island troops. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



71 



Red, White, and Blue. 

CAMP s<>N<_;. 
Come, brotliers, come join in tlie elionis; 

Let it ring on tliis soft summer air; 
Our bunting floats jauntily o'er us — 

All its stripes and its stars are still there. 
Here's a health to our ft-iemls left behind us — 

To those wf have bidden adieu; 
"Where duly may call.thei'e you '11 find us," 

Promlly beaiin^r tlie red, white, and blue. 
Proudly bearing, etc. 

The laws and our l)eloved constitution 

Secession may vainly defy. 
But there 's coming a just retribution — 

Jeff. Davis will <lare but to die. 
Companions have passed on before us. 

Where bricks, stones, and bullets thick flew ; 
Yet Ladd sounded Freedom's grand chorus ■ 

"All hail to the red, white, and blue." 
All hail, etc. 

All hail, brightest fliig of our nation ! 

May thy peerless luster ne'er dim ; 
May thy folds from its foes' desecration 

Be preserved in our National hymn. 
Wave on in thy pride, till oppression 

Shall sink frtnn our sight out of view. 
And we 're free from its mighty transgi'ession. 

Hurrah for the red. white, and blue. 
Hurrah for the red, etc. 

And when the loud cannon are crashing 

And deatli missiles scatter like hail, 
And our skirmishers onward are dashing, 

May ne'er a cheek blanch or turn pale ; 
But trusting in God and our banner. 

Ever fight for our colors so true. 
And give them a Cromwell liosanna. 

And shout for the red, white, and blue. 

And shout tor, etc. n. c. hill. 



Another Fugitive from the South. 

We couver.sed last evening with a 
young man wlio escaped from Yazoo, 
iVIiss.^ on the 24th ult., and succeeded in 
making his waj- through Tennessee and 
Kentucky. His name is Goodman, a 
native of Maine, a carpenter by trade, 
and has lived three years and a half in 
the South. He was at work on a planta- 
tion, and coming into towu he found he 
was looketl ujion with suspicion. He 
was finally told that he must join the 
volunteers. This he ilecliued on ac- 
count of pressing business, but his pri- 
vate reason was that he had received in- 
formation whicli led him to believe that 
a cousin, who -nas working on a planta- 
tion some twenty miles distant, had 
been murdered, and he began to think 
the South was too warm a climate for 
him. Mr. Goodman's partner advised 
him that tlie people of Yazoo were 
much excited, ami boimd to lynch him 
unless he joined the company. He had 
the alternative offered him, however, of 
joining a liome organization for the pro- 
tection of the country from insurrection. 
But Mr. Goodman thought he could not 
assist in tlie protection of a people 
which had murdered a relative for no 
reason whatever, and lie accordingly 
took the stage clandestinely, and es- 
caped in safety. Mr. Goodman con- 
firms the reports of the frenzy of the 
people of the South. They are bound to 
whip the North, and firmly believe that 
one of their men is fully e(iual to three 
Yankees. They do n't tliiul; there will 
be much fighting, for tliey believe the 
North is divided into two parties, one of 
which is on their side, and the other 
will back down shortly. Mr. Goodman 
of course lost all his property, and was 
glad to get away at any sacrifice. 



Look on Our Flag. 

BV .J. UAL. ELLIOTT. 

Look on our flag, ye freemen of the North, 
Gaze with hush'il reverence, and then go forth, 
With earnest, patriotic hearts aglow. 
To wrestle with our country's dastard foe. 
That foe has taunted j*ou with being weak. 
Has called you craven souls, afraid to speak ; 
Now rise in all your strong, resistless might, 
Antl teacli theiu how ye battle for the right 1 

Look on our flag, ye mothers and ye wives, 
And offer up your sons and husbands' lives; 
Pray the good God to make them firm and 

brave. 
And keep unharmed the precious lives He 

gave. 
Ay ! see our banner, flaunting in the sky. 
Ye daughters and ye sisters; not one sigh 
Must greet your fathers', brothers', lovers' 

ears 
To turn them back; give them bright smiles, 

— not tears. 

Look on our flag! ye traitors, everywhere — 
Trample those glorious colors if ye dare ! 
For every sjieck of dust from otf your feet 
A showei of balls shall i-ain like blasting 

sleet. 
And drink youri>oisoned hearts' blood, while 

you cry 
For mercy, with repentant agony. 
Hold, traitors! iiuidmen ! once more gaze on 

high, 
And swear to love that starry flag — or die ! 

Look on our flag, all nations of the world, 
Where'er its matchless colors are unfurled, 
With reverence and awe. <>h ! gaze and see 
That God's hand holds the banner of the free ! 
Forever ^JniU tlto^r rniyihoir colors trtire — 
Forever dvijie <'iir he/ oes/or t}te ;/rarr ; 
Forever f:?nill lhi;/itoat o'er land and sea, 
Those Stars and Stripes — that emblem of the free: 
BL.iCKSTOXE, Mass., May, ISIU. 



From Georgia. 

An intelligent lady, writing from one 
of the larger towns in the northern part 
of Georgia, to a friend in this vicinity, 
says, under date of April 2"2d : — 

" I have been intending to write for 
several days, but I am so excited and 
troubled tliat I have not much lieart for 
any thing. The war is tlie all-absorbing 
topic now. Enlisting, drilling, etc., are 
the employment of the men. Four 
companies are fitting out from here. 
Even tile cultivated and wealth}' citizens 
are joining tlie army. Most of the law- 
yers are going. One of our clergymen 
preached to the soldiers yesterday. A 
collection was taken up last Sabbath, to 
aid in fitting out the coin panics . There 
is much prayer for the Confederate 
States and army, and tliey confidently 
expect to be victorious. They abuse 
Lincoln as weak, treacherous, and vil- 
lainous. Many here appear to think the 
Northern soldiers cowardly and con- 
temptible. To hear tlie Northern peo- 
ple called all kinds of abusive names is 
trying enough, but to have friends 
whom I love, fighting other near and 
dear friends, is torturing. These men 
will fight to the death, :irul what will be 
gained in the end'? 

" Did not you admire the chivalrj' of 
the Carolinians, in liberating the prison- 
ers at Sumter, and their kindness to 
Major .\ndcrsou'? Our people verily 
think he will join the South now. I 
hope not ; I should have less respect tor 
him if he sliould. I was sorry General 
.Scott resigned. 

" A system of privateering will soon 



be coiiimeiiced, and piracy and murder 
will follow in the train. President 
Davis says he has letters from Northern 
men, begging him to issue letters of 
marque and reprisal, that they may 
enter upon the business of privateering. 
"There is intense excitement here as 
mail time draws nigh. Great rejoicings 
were manifested at the secession of Vir- 
ginia. The rest of the Slave stales are 
expected soon to follow her examiile." 



Discourse Before the Richardson 
Light Infantry at the First Uni- 
tarian Church. 

By invitatiiJn, the Richardson Light 
Infantry marcheil from tlieir encamp- 
ment, at North Billerica, yesterday 
morning, to attend service at this 
church in the forenoon. Tlie front 
center pews were occujiied by them, 
and the other parts of the house were 
crowded by the regular worshijipers at 
this church, and many others. The 
front of the pulpit was tastefully cano- 
pied with American flags. After the 
preliminary exercises. Rev. F. Hinckley, 
pastor of tlie society, preached an ap- 
propriate and al)le discourse, of wliicli 
we present a sketch. 

The text was from Ephesians vi : i;^ — 
'■ Wlierefore take unto you tlie whole 
armor of God, that ye may be aide to 
withstand the evil day, and having done 
all, to stand." 

In an age of force, when the instincts 
of barbarism were not subjugated to 
the powers of civilization, the words of 
the text were spoken. The gospel of 
Jesus, with its high purposes, has en- 
tered into a long contest with selfish- 
ness and corru])tion. The world has 
Ijeen its battle-field ; its soldiers of the 
cross. War has become more infre- 
quent with the progress of civilization, 
but so long as impurity, injustice, 
slavery, and despotism prevail, so long 
must Christians be engaged in an eternal 
warfare. So long as these continue 
must Christians fight. 

He propo.sed first to speak of tlie 
Christian soldier. We deal not to-<lay 
with the siiiritual, but with the earthly 
welfare as now illustrated. It may 
seem paradoxical to speak of loving en- 
mity and divine falsehood, hut there 
have been times when words so con- 
nected seemed natural. Such a time is 
now upon us, and we are now passing 
through it. It is a time when prac- 
tical Christianity should aid the soldier. 
It makes the garb you wear in harmony 
with the place you' now occupy. It is a 
time when the' flag of our nationality 
may hang consistently from the pulpit. 
The flowers of New England may 
properly be used to decorate those who 
go forth to defend the soil on which 
they grew. 

He might appropriately speak to them 
of the position wliich to-day they oc- 
cupy. The thoughts wliich the sjieaker 
vioiild present might not only lie applied 
to those who go, but to those who re- 
main behind. The jnirpose for wliich 
you go forth is to upliold law and (irder, 
for the maintenance and preservation of 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



the fiovcrnini'iit and tlic protei-tioii of 
litxTly, lilc, and proiMTty. You go to 
maintain that govei-nnionf which is the 
leader of progress in tlie world. Of the 
necessity of all bearing our proportion 
of the -work, I need not speak, as other 
speakers and the press liave sufficiently 
reminded you of that duty. 

There i^a necessity of preparing ex- 
ternal equi])nients, of drill, of clothing 
|iro])er to meet all exigencies. The sol- 
dier should be armed to meet all require- 
ments, and should be careful to preserve 
his health and keep himself from all 
needless exposures, ^'our friends and 
the comnionweallh lia\c sutlici<'ntly ]iro- 
vided you with clothing and arms. Tlie 
physical part depends upon yourselves. 

The importance of this war is greater 
than that regarding quest i(jns of bound- 
ary or the ordinary controversies of 
nations. Then' are two kinds of soldiers 
ill the world — machine -soldiers and 
men-soldiers. If you want to pit men 
against each other, men-ly for a trial 
of strength, the machine soldier — the 
hireling, who will go where and do 
wliat he is bid — will answer every pur- 
jiose. But if it is to build up nations, 
put down revolutionary minorities, or 
defend liberty, and you want wisdom 
with tirmness; if you wish to guarantee 
freedom ; if either of these be your ob- 
ject, you must have the men, and not 
machines. The individual character- 
istics of ineu-soldiers were tersely set 
forth by Kossuth when he said, ''The 
liayonet thinks." He must not sink the 
man in the soldier. If ever there was a 
I iiiie when men of thought were needed, 
now is that time. If ever there was a 
cause which demanded man to grasp the 
musket, the cause in which you are 
about to engage is the one. it is the 
grand gathering of the North and West 
from the field and workshop that is 
needed. Good soldiers, while they must 
make up their minds to endure many 
privations, must have a personal interest 
in the result, which will only make them 
more ze;ilous to secure a triumph. Paul's 
summary of the wants of the spiritual 
soldier — " Having your loins girt about 
with trutli, and having on tlie breast- 
plate of righteousness" — will serve also 
to strengtlien us as a guide in the con- 
test of loyalty against revolt, freedom 
against slavery. 

Our soldier of to-day must have a 
reason for becoming such, — why he 
leaves his jieaceful home, friends, and 
calling. The reason is not that war is 
his occupation; it is iic, altogetlK'r to 
obey the call of those in authority, 
much as he may respect tliem ; — it is 
the necessity which calls liim forth; it 
is the memory of the things that have 
|>asscd, causing the troubles of the day, 
of which he has read. Conscious of the 
disappointment of those who have lost 
power, and witnessing their acts, he 
goes forth to opi)ose the fratricidal pur- 
pose of the upholders of slavery and 
despotism, witli tlie iiilended object of 
jiutting them down. lie goes to save 
<uir country from anari'liy at home, and 
contempt abroa<l. His is the firm pur- 
pose of the manly soldier. 



But there is a higher object. The gov- 
ernment is not to be upheld tor itself 
alone, but for a divine purpose as well, 
— to maintain freedom of thought, 
speech, and religious belief; that our 
land may be the home of the free and 
the refuge of the oppressed of otlier 
lands ; for the extinction of that dark 
spf)t, slaver^-. Such are a few of the 
purposes of the (.'hristian soldier. It is 
to re-establish the government on the 
side of justice and humanity, on a firm 
basis. 

The soldier shoulil love peace and har- 
mony. He should never lose sight of 
these objects, even in the midst of strife. 
The uprising of the present hour goes 
to show that they who are the slow<'St 
ill action, upon an injury, are most likely, 
when aroused, to be in earnest. We 
might rush into the contest with rasliless 
haste; draw the sword, and throw away 
the scabbard. But do not be hasty; 
draw no needless blood, and show no 
spirit of revenge. If your comrades 
who have gone before you were cruelly 
treated, — some of them murdered. — 
breathe no spirit of revenue, but liury 
them, and go to win the victory whicii 
will establish the power of liberty. 
When the slave-jiower is humbled, your 
work is done. \Vith the sword, seek 
l)eace rather than war, and we will wel- 
come you bat'k with honor. 

You should have faith, which w ill en- 
able you to enter into the contest with 
an anlor that never tires and a zeal that 
never wearies. This faith gives you 
power to oppose your enemies, and with 
it, seeming defeats are turned into as- 
surances of future victories. Your faith 
shall be rewarded, and lead you to cer- 
tain victory. 

You should also possess the spirit of 
piety. It lifts you up to Him who con- 
trols all things; and, as upon Him 
depends victory in this contest, we 
should lift ourselves up to Him. It 
was fitting that the first regiment wliich 
resjxmded to the call of the country 
should take their chaplain with them — 
one who for thirty years had labored in 
the ministry; and the last thing before 
they left this, the city where many of 
thein had their homes, they listened to 
the voice of prayer from a minister of the 
gospel. It was a beautifid thing at the 
cajjital of a Western state, th.-it jirevious 
to departing, the s(ddiers should have 
converted the whole capi((j| into a house 
of prayer; and the instance of the Khode 
Island soldiers, at a farm-house in Mary- 
land, is another beautiful instance of 
the efiicacy of ju-ayer. Carry this sjiirit 
of devotion with you, and you will then 
liave accpiired the highest ]ireparalion 
of the Christian soldier and thi' < 'hristian 
man. Oo forth doubly armed, S(ddiers 
of your country, and may ti<id keep you 
from all h.arm amid the liattle's din. — 
[l,owell Courier. 



tliciii iluring the past nioiitli Tliey trust tlmt 
in wluitever position of iluty they may be 
phiceil tlicy will bring no iliscredit upon the 
city from which tliey hail. 
On behalf of the company, 

1'. A. DAVIS, ComnianrU'r. 



AUMOUV Ol-UICIIARUSON LlOHT iNFANTltV, ( 

May i\, ISCl. j 
The members of the liichard.Kon Light In. 
I'antry, on leaving the city, take this methoii 
of returning their sine<'i-e Ihanks to thi^ eiti 
zens of Lowell — luilies and gentlemen — lor 
very many acts ot liindnesa ancl attention to 



Departure of the Richardson Light 
Infantry. 

This company has at last left Lowell. 
Captain Davis yesterday received writ- 
ten orilers from the governor for his 
comjiany to start at noon to-day tor 
Boston, there to embark in the steamer 
Pemhroke for the seat of war. Last 
evening and this forenoon the company 
were busy in getting ready, and shortly 
after 10 o'clock this morning they left 
their armory and marched to Park Gar- 
den, where a photograph of the com- 
pany was taken by Mr. George K. 
Warren. They then" started for Hunt- 
ington hall, under escort of the Hill 
Cadets, Lieutenant Donovan, and Butler 
Rifles, Captain James. The three com- 
panies filed into the hall, and formed a 
hollow square in front of the rostrum, 
which was occuiiied by the mayor, some 
seven or eight clergymen of the city, 
and other prominent citizens. The hack 
part of the hall was crowded with citi- 
zens, the ladies occupying the galleries. 

Mayor Sargeant called to order the 
vast assembly, and introduced liev. Mr. 
Hinckley, who read selections of Scrip- 
ture from Psalm 91 and Isaiah 58. 
Prayer was next ottered by Kev. Cliester 
Field. Mayor Sargeant then made some 
introductory remarks, as follows: — 

Keniarks of Mayor Sargeant. 

"Mr. Commander of the Kichardson 
Light Infantry : We have met liere 
for the purpose of giving you a parting 
farewell, and there are present quite a 
large number of gentlemen who would 
be very much i)leased to address you on 
this occasion, did time permit. Allow* 
me, in liehalf of myself and those who 
will not iiave an opportunity to speak to 
you, ill a very few words, to say that the 
spectacle that is presented before us, 
throughout the entire North, throughout 
the entire loyal states, is one of which 
we ought to speak with jiride and glory. 
The whole country is aroused, and all 1 
have to saj- here in presence of the citi- 
zen-soldiers of Lowell is, that Lowell 
has not been behind in any part of it. 
[Ap|)lause.] 1 say, then, to you, citizen- 
soldiers, you have the heart of the peo- 
ple of Lowell with you, and you shall 
have the prayers of the whole coniniu- 
nity going up night and morning to the 
God of battles to preserve you in the 
hour of trial." 

Itev. Mr. Hubbard was introduced and 
said that he had been a soldier in the 
Aroostook war, not being called away 
from home, however. His ri'inarks were 
peculiarly happy and felicitious. 

Kev. Dr. Cleaveland was introduced, 
and among other things said that he had 
some notion of raising a company of old, 
gray-licaded men, but they would want 
a place assigned thiMii in the rear ranks. 
His remarks were hardly reportalde, but 
were received with unmistakable evi- 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVfL WAR. 



deuces of appreciation by those w}io 
heard him. 

Doctor Huntington being introduced 
by the Mayor, made the following brief 
address : — 

Remarks of Doctor Huntington. 

" Captain Davis, Officers and Soldiers 
of the Richardson IJght Infantry : After 
the animating speeches that have been 
delivered here this morning, I feel that 
it is altogether out of place for nie to 
speak at all. But in view of the scene 
that is around me ami before me, I can 
not but 1)6 convinced how true the sous 
are to the memories of the fathers. The 
events of the Revolutionary war to us 
are matters of history, but we do know 
that throughout that contest our people 
always looked to a higher than a human 
arm for their protection and success. 
And you have met here on the eve of 
your departure, to mix together with 
your fellow-citizens, and that these min- 
isters of the gospel may mingle their 
praj'ers for your success in the glorious 
cause that you are privileged to engage 
in. For next to the duty you owe your 
God is the duty you owe your country ; 
and I rejoice to see so luauy young men, 
— so manj' noble men, — ready to lay 
down their lives when, as now, that 
country is invaded by a desperate foe, 
led on by the most unhallowed ambition. 
' I am a Roman citizen " were potent 
words throughout the old Roman em- 
pire, and 'I am an American citizen 'are 
talismauic words that were a protection 
hi any corner of the civilized globe 
[cheers] ; and yet the glorious country 
is now assailed. We can not go with 
j'ou, uij' friends, in person, but we will 
accompany you \\ith our hearts, with 
our souls, with our suppliant jirayers to 
Almighty God for your safety and pro- 
tection; and now I bid you farewell." 

The next speaker announced was the 
Rev. Mr. 'J'wiss, whose remarks we pre- 
sent in full : — 

Remarks of Rev. J. J. Tiviss. 
" Mr. (!'onimauder and Fellow-soldiers : 
I address you witli peculiar feelings this 
morning. I have stood where you stand 
to-<:iay. I liave been a member of the 
volunteer militia; I feel to-day all the 
enthusiasm I felt fifteen years ago. I 
am happy to congratulate you to-(.iay 
upon the glory which 1 think awaits 
you, and the laurel which I think will 
be bound about your Ijrows. You go 
to-day, not merely to fight for an ab- 
stract idea, but to uphold the flag of 
our country and sustain the constitution 
which guarantees to us all liberty in our 
civil, social, and domestic relations. Be 
assured, fellow-soldiers, you are right ; 
be animated by the great iilea that God 
is with you. You go not from us to rav- 
age, to burn towns, or to sack cities, but 
you go to preserve the country from the 
wicked aspersions of those who are trai- 
tors against tlieir country, — to save it 
from the insane schemes of those who 
are led on by wicked leaders. Be assured 
you go not to divest any body of any 
legal or moral right ; you go to deliver 
those who, I believe, will welcome you 
as the deliverers of their homes, of "our 



common country. Let this great tlnuiglit 
animate all yoiir hearts then, that you 
are fighting for the right, that you "are 
not fighting to externnuate any body, 
only to exterminate rebellion, and al- 
though your martial tread, I trust, will 
be victorious only, however, to exter- 
minate rebellion, I trust your hands will 
ever be extended to relieve the defense- 
less, and restore that liberty and that 
order that has blessed all our days until 
this moment. May God speed tlie right. 
My heart, my prayers will go with 
you." [Applause.] 

Rev. Mr. Jenkins next addressed the 
companies, and referring to the remarks 
of Doctor Cleavelaud in reference to the 
company of gray heads, said if he en- 
listed he should not want to be placed 
in the rear ranks, but would insist on a 
place in the foremost ranks, etc. 

After a blessing by Rev. Mr. Hinckley 
the com])any marched out of the hall 
down the stairs into the depot, and at 
about 12:20 o'clock the train left with 
them, amid the cheering of the crowd 
and the (iodsi)eeds of all our citizens. 

Below we present the muster-roll of 
the company as made up this morning : — 

Roll of the Richardson Light Infantry, 
Co. <;, Sixth Regiment. M. V. M. 

V. A. Davis, captain. Fianklin .1. llursey. 

I. N. Wilson, IstUeut. Emmons li. Sargent. 

Wm. E. Farrar, ^d It. Harvey li. Cliase. 

E. S. Hunt, 3d lieut. Henry M. Hand. 

W. A. Eilield, sergt. Tlionias B. Mills. 

W. H. Worcester, " George F. Critcliett. 

C. L. Hartwell, " 1>. Dilllugliam. 
Kicliard Ingham, " George K. Pray. 
Wm. M. Young, corp. C. H. Williams. 
A.. J. Devon, " Ricliaril JI. Kollins. 
Clias. E. Brazer, " William H. l.uscomb. 
Chas.W.Brigliam, " W. Franli Longer. 
Ellas O. Blake, " Cliaiies Tolman. 
t'lias. A. Tliissell, " William G. I'owers. 
Cliarles Bowers, " B. F. Wing. 

N. V; . Storer, " George H. Porter. 

W. II. Bradley, surg. W. E. Hubbard. 

Harlan P. Goodell. N. C. Farnhara. 

Clement McCansland. M. S. .Smitli. 

Charles H. Filisetti. Charles C. Wliitcomb. 

D. A. Waters. C. S. Whitcomb. 
Andrew I'. Cole. .John Hayes, 
.lames Schofield. C. .1. Carvel. 

M. V. Mills. Isaac Willey. 

George A. Haydon. .lohn .1. Young. 

.John C. Parmenter. James W. Bean. 

.1. L. Fiske. H. Warren Howe. 

W. G. .McCnrdy. A. McMeekin. 

.\ugustn9 I>. Avling. Charles H. Frost. 

D. H. Holbrook. Rinaldo Page. 
.Silas Cowdry. S. M. Richardson. 
Charles B. Cadwell. George N. Thissell. 
.John McCue. Daniel D. Caverly. 
William M. Green. J. L. Collins. 
George W. Seaver. Charles W. Haskell. 
Charles C. Ring. Thomas F.Pratt. 
Frank P. Boynton. Alonzo B. Stevens. 
George C. Edwards. A. N. Coburn. 
Charles W. Sleeper. Simeon Briggs. 
Henry L. Gardner. Morton N. Peabody. 
H. W. Richardson. .lohn I^awson. 
Thomas S. Jones. Q. B. Stewart. 
William Jenness. Gancelo Leighton. 
Franklin French. Francis T. Wilson. 

E. P. Holmes. Henry N. Fletcher. 
Thomas Emraett, S. C. Amsden. 
Alonzo D. JIarshall. O. M. Caulfleld. 
Albert Parsons. tieorgc S. Preston. 
Charles K. Page. .Samuel W. Benson. 

A. .1. We.ston and O. T. Wilkins, drummers. 
Charles II. Fitzgerald, wagoner. 
George W. Fairbanks, captain's boy. 
Charles Fitts, first lieutenant's boy. 
John Sullivan, surgeon's boy. 



dred and one members, and that uni- 
forms were wanted. Airs. Frederick 
Holton, who has charge of making 
shirts for the Butler Rifles, came for- 
ward and ofl'ered shirts enough to supply 
the new recruits, provided the city w ould 
give cloth enough to make new ones. 
The generous oiler was gladly accei)ted. 
The uniforms for the members are reaily, 
and the whole company will be in march- 
ing trim to-morrow. 



The Richardson Light Infantry. 

Till* company, ou arriving in Boston, 
were received at the dejiot by a battalion 
of the First regiment, under conmiaud 
of Captain Snow. It was escorted to 
the State house, and there drawn up in 
line, while the ceremony of mustering 
the members into rncle Sam's service 
was being performed. The ofiicers and 
men, one hundred .-lud one in nmuber, 
first answered (o their names, and then, 
with heads uncovered, took the s(deiiin 
oath of allegiance to their country. 
The ceremony was witnessed by a large 
crowd of |ieopl(>. By re(piest of the 
company, the oath o"f allegiance was 
administered by George F. Richardson, 
Esq., of this city. 

This comiiauy is deservedly compli- 
mented in Boston. To Mr. Richardson, 
it is well known in Lowell, more than to 
any one else, does llie credit of getting 
it up belong. His interest in it from 
the start has hei'ii uullagging. and he has 
spent his time and his money liberally 
in advancing its iirosperity. It goes 
into service, we believe, with every ad- 
vantage that thorough preparation and 
equipment can give; and we shall un- 
doubtedly hear of gallant behavior on 
its part when the "tug of war" between 
our troops and those in rebellion actu- 
ally comes, in the character of a conflict 
of arms. — [Lowell Courier. 



A Generous Exchange. — When it 
was known that the Richardson Light 
Infantry was to be increased to one hun- 



Departure of Troops for Fort Monroe 

— Sailing of the Steamer Pembroke. 

The steam transport remhroke sailed 
from this port at half-past 11 o'clock 
this forenoon, with two coiiijianies of 
soldiers for Fort Monroe, viz.: the 
Wightman liilles, of Boston, Captain 
Clarke, and the Richardson Light Guard, 
of Lowell, Captain Davis. 

Both com|)anies were, in point of num- 
bers, fully up to the requisition of the 
new orders of the government, — one 
hundred and one men, including ofiicers, 

— and a more efficient or intelligent 
body of troops have not left this state. 

The Richardson Light Guard were 
escorted from their (quarters at the Han- 
cock house to the steamer at Commer- 
cial wharf by the Independent Fusileers, 
Capt. Henry A. .Snow, and the Sehouler 
Volunteers, Capt. C. E. Rand. 

The troojps were in heavy marching 
order, with knapsacks, canteens, and 
dippers, and wore the gray state over- 
coat. After they had emiiarked, the 
escort was dr.-iwn up near the steamer, 
and exchanged jiarting cheers with those 
with whom they will i)robably soon bi> 



10 



74 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



reunited on tho parade-ground at Fort- 
ress Monroe, or the fields of Virginia. 
The scene at the departure was one of 
great enlliusiasni. 

The wliarves were tlironged with peo- 
ple — friends and aequaintanees of the 
troops and liundreds who were attracted 
through curiosity, or who came to clieer 
the departing soldiers on their jiatriotie 
mission. Hundreds were seen clinging 
to tlie shrouds and rigging of tlie sliip- 
Iiing, and every shed and storehouse in 
the neighhorhood contained its battle- 
ment of spectators. 

While the baggage was going ou 
boaril, the friends of the soldiers amused 
themselves and slaked tlie thirst of the 
troops by showering them with apples 
and oranges, and the basket of many a 
Inckv fruit vender was speedily ex- 
hausted by the generous spectators. 

As the steamer got under headway 
the clK-ering broke out anew, and from 
a thousand swelling hearts came bene- 
dictions of aft'ection, friendship, hope, 
and courage. 

A large number of ladies were on 
board the ships, and with fluttering sig- 
nals waved adieus to husljands, i)rothers, 
sons, and lovers. A parting salute was 
liri'd from the open-mouthed sentinel 
which stands guard ou tlie forecastle 
deck of the steamer, and the soldiers 
hoarsely returned the farewell cheers 
of those they left behind. 

The steamer carries one thousand four 
hundred uniforms, manufactured for 
the state bv Messrs. Ilalighton & Saw- 
yer, to he distributed among the troops 
in tlie Tliiril and Fourth regiments of 
Massachusetts volunteers in Fort Mon- 
roe; also a lot of cooking utensils and 
nuinerous renienibrauces of friends to 
their loved ones far away. 

The Massachusetts Eighth and the 
New York Seventh Regiments. 

The following extract, from a letter 
written by a private in the Eighth regi- 
ment of M'assacliusetts volunteers, shows 
in what light the attentions of the New 
Yoi-k Seventh regiment to our boys are 
held liy them : — 

" We arrived safely at the Naval 
academy at Annapolis"on Sunday morn- 
ing, and hauled alongside the oUi Con- 
stitulinn. After a while we took h<'r in 
tow iind steamed off into the bay, where 
W(^ grounded and remained twenty-four 
hours, receiving hard fare, — only two 
biscuits and a slice of raw salt jxirk for 
rations, and not much water. Some of 
th(^ men oli'ered fifty cents and one dol- 
lar for a drink of water. We were 
finally ndieved by the steamer Boslrm, of 
New 'York, bringing the Seventh regi- 
ment. After landing her troo])s, she 
returned and took us ashore, in an al- 
most famished condition, from want of 
jiroju'r food, water, and the ell'ects of 
the liiiruing sun. 

'•When we got on shore the Seventh 
regiment flocked about us, greeted us 
with hearty cheers, and sujjplied us with 
such provisions as they h;id. There was 
not a single man of theui but freely 
empli<>dhis sack of such lU'ovisioMs as 



it contained, and expressed his regret 
that lie could not ilo more. It was a 
perfect godsend to the Eighth regiment, 
and we all unite in saying, 'God bless 
them.' A more magnanimous set of fel- 
lows I never met in my life. After leav- 
ing Annapolis they proceeded to Wash- 
ington, and there they gave us the praise 
of building the engine and bridge on 
the road, iiot taking any of the creciit 
tliems<dves, w hen in fact they l)uilt the 
bridge and laid nearly half the track." 

Tlie writer goes on to describe an in- 
tervi<'w between the President and the 
Eighth regiment, and speaks of the 
arrival at AVashingtou of Doctor Bolles, 
of North Carolina, he having been taken 
from his family by the Rebel mob and 
sent North, wliile his family were com- 
pelled to return to their home in North 
Carolina. The Taunton (iazette says : — 
"It seems that the armed Yankee, 
whose universal genius wrought such 
miracles in mechanics and seamanship 
before the astonished Maryland Seces- 
sionists, found the first field for his 
'missionary' labors under the walls of 
Fort Monroe. The government machine- 
shop of the fort, which is outside its 
walls, was closed, as we learn by a letter 
from an officer of the Light (iuard, 
previous to the arrival of the Fourth 
regiment, by the 'secession' of the fore- 
man and most of the workmen, greatly 
to the embarrassment of Colonel l>im- 
mick, who ni'eded mechanical assistance 
in mounting the guns. Massachusetts, 
of course, sup])lied the need, and a dozen 
or more of our brave and ingenious me- 
chanics soon set all things in order, and 
much to the chagrin of the Virginians, 
things went on again much faster than 
ever. Mr. John C Briggs, who was 
)n-ompted by loss of employment at the 
Taunton Locomotive Works to volunteer 
in Co. G, is installed as foreman of the 
establishment, and his Yankee skill is 
ajipreciated as it ought to be. The 
Light Guard furnishes several of the 
corps of fighting workmen under him." 
The Littleton (N. H.) Journal says 
that as soon as tidings of the threatened 
attack on 'Washington reached that town, 
Mr. Hi'iijamin W. Killiurn took down 
his rifle ami started for the nation's cap- 
ital, to aid in its defense. He is said to 
be an excellent marksman, and anxious 
to cover a fighting Secessionist with the 
sights of his gun. He bears his own 
expenses in the service of his country. 
Such promptitude equals that of John 
Stark of Kevolutionary memory. 

JcsTiCE TO Thieves in the Ahjiy. 
— Two soldiers, volunteers, having been 
convicted of stealing, were each sen- 
tenced as follows: 'I'o be drummed out 
of the regiment, and through the entire 
brigade, stripped of his uniform, with 
a roiie about bis neck, and a placanl, 
with the word "Thief," on his back; 
further, that he fcnteit all pay and al- 
lowance now due him, or to become due 
him at the time of the )iromulgalion of 
his sentence, and to be dish(morably 
discharged from the service of the I'nited 
States. General Butler aiiiirovcil the 
sentence. 



The Soldier's Fate. 

To the Editor of tlie Boston Journnl : 

I send you the following lines — tlie recital 
of the sufferings and premature death of a 
Jlassachusetts volunteer, caused Ijy his strug- 
gles to get into an army shirt. May tlie sad 
tale induce those noble l)ut deluded women, 
known as the "cutters," to cut their cloth 
according to the pattern of the meti for whom 
they are designed. One might suppose, from 
their size, that these shirts were intended for 
" infants-in-arms," rather than for "men-in- 
arms." A Sister of a .Soldier. 
" Farewell ! and take this shirt," slie said, 

"'Tis blue, and so am I; 
I!ut when the blue is mixed with red, 

I shall turn white and die." 

" I take the shirt, my love," be sai<l, 

" But if tills shirt I wear, 
'T is not the foe who '11 strike me dead, 

But sullen, flercc Despair! 

*' For never, never can I hope 

To take it elf again ; 
With wristl)ands ^ucli — I can not cope! 

J writlie in dreadful pain ! 

" This collar never will unite ! 

'T is like a Rebel state; 
But Ikiit I have the heart to light. 

Whilst here I yield to fate ! 

" Sweet love, I thank you for your toil ; 

You've aidecl me," he said, 
" To shuffle off this mortal coil " — 

He choked ! he was stone dead ! 
Boston, May 20, ISSl. 



The Phalanx Recruits. — Lieut. 
H. H. Wilder received a letter from 
Captain Follansbee this morning, asking 
him to send on the recruits raised for 
the Mechanic Phalanx without delay. 
He .says to send them without uniform, 
as the" general government will provide 
for that. A nundier of the recruits 
have gone into the ranks of the Rich- 
ardson Jjight Infantry. 



"All We Ask is to be Let Alone." 

As voiice I valked by a dismal swamp, 
There sot an Old Cove in the dark and danii), 
And at every body that passed that road 
A stick or a stone this Old Cove throw'd. 
And venever he flung his stick or his stone. 
He'd set up a song of " Let me alone." 

" Let me alone, for I loves to shy 
These bits of things at the passers by- 
Let me alone, lor I 've got your tin 
And lots of other traps snugly in — 
Let me alone, I 'm riggin' a boat 
To grab votever you 'vc got afloat — 
In a veek or so I expects to come 
And turn you out of your ouse and ome — 
I 'm a quiet < >ld Cove," says he with a groan : 
"All 1 axes is — Let me alone." 

Ju.st then came along, on the self-same vcy, 
Another Olil Cove, and began for to say — 
" Let you alone! That's coming it strong! — 
You 've ben let alone — a darned sight too 

long — 
< If all the sarce that ever I heerd ! — 
I'ut down that stick! (You may well look 

skcered.) 
liCt go that stone ! If you once show flght, 
1 'II knock von higher than ary kite. 
Y'oii musl have a lesson to stop your tricks. 
And cure you urshviiig them stonesand sticks. 
And I 'II liave my hardware back and my cash, 
Aiul knock vour scow into tarnal smash. 
And if ever'l catches you 'round my ranch, 
I 'II string you up to tho nearest branch. 
The best vou can do is to go to bed. 
And keep a decent tongue in your head ; 
For I reckon, before you and I are done, 
You'll wish you had let honest folks alone-" 

The old Cove stopped,and the t'other Old Cove 
He sot quite still in his cypress grove. 
And he looked at bis .stick, revoivin' slow 
\'etlier 't were safe to shy it or no — 
And he grumbled on, in an injured tone, 
" All that I axed \os — M me nioiie." 

— [Hartford (;ourant. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



75 



Scott and the Veteran. 

BY BAYARD TAYLOR. 

An oUl and crippled veteran to the War tle- 
partinent came. 

He sought the Chief who led liim on many a 
field of fame — 

The Chief who shouted " Forward ! " where'er 
his banner rose, 

And hore its stars in triumph behind the fly- 
ing foes. 

"Have you forgotten, General," the battered 

soldier cried, 
'*The clays of eighteen hundred twelve, when 

I was at your side? 
Have you forgotten Johnson, that fought at 

Lundy's Lane? 
T is true I'm old and pensioned, but I want 

to fight again." 

" Have I forgotten," said the Chief, "my brave 

old soldier, No! 
And here's the hand I gave you then, and let 

it tell you so : 
But you have done vour share, my friend, you 

are crippk-d, old, and gray. 
And we have' need ot younger arms and 

fresher blood to-day." 

" But, General ! " cried the veteran, a flush 

upon his brow; 
" The very men who fought with us, they say 

are traitors now ; 
They 've torn the flag of Lundy's Lane, our 

old red, white, and blue; 
And while a drop of blood is left, I'll show 

that drop is true. 

" I 'm not so weak but I can strike, but I 've a 

good old gun 
To get the range of traitors' hearts, and prick 

them one by one. 
Your miuie rifles and such arms it ain't 

worth while to try ; 
I could n't get the hang of them, but I '11 keep 

uiy powder dry ! " 

" God bless you, comrade ! " said the Chief — 
" God bless your loyal heart ! 

But younger men are m the field and claim 
to Have their part. 

They'll plant our sacred banner in each re- 
bellious town. 

And woe, henceforth, to any hand that dares to 
pull it down ! " 

" But, General ! " — still persisting, the weep- 
ing veteran cried : 

"I'm young enough to follow so long as yo" 're 
my guide ; 

And some, you know, must bite the dust, and 
that at least can I; 

So, give the young ones place to flght, but me 
a place to die! 

"If they should fire on Pickens, let the Colonel 

in oummand 
Put me upon the rampart, with the flag-stafiT 

in my han<l: 
Xo odds how hot the cannon-smoke, or how 

the shells may fiy, 
I '11 hold the Stars and Stripes aloft, and hold 

them till I die! 

" I 'm readj', General, so you let a post to me 

be given, 
Where Washington can see me, as he looks 

from highest Heaven, 
And say to Putnam at his side, or, maybe, 

General Wayne : 
'There stands old Billy Johnson, that fought 

at Lundy's Lane! ' 

"And when the fight is hottest, before the 
traitors fly ; 

When shell and ball are screeching, and burst- 
ing in the sky. 

If any shot should hit me and lay me on my 
face, 

My soul would go to Washington's, and not to 
Arnold's, place ! " 
May 13, isOl. — [The Independent. 



Song of Freedom. 

Let Freedom's piean ring, 
Let hill and forest sing 

Loud the glad song; 
Let every vale and glen 
Trill o'er its notes again. 
And wide the glorious strain 

Echo prolong. 

Let bird and brook and rill 
The earth with music fill. 

Creation's song; 
Let prairie, glade, and dell 
Unite the theme to tell, 
Columbia's anthem swidl 

Loud, clear, and long. 

Let every sunnj' grove 
Gush forth its notes of love, 

With silvery chime; 
Each mine of golden ore, 
From far Pacific's shore. 
Pour forth her richest store 

At Freedom's shrine. 

Let each Atlantic wave 
With grand, exultant stave, 

Lave Freedom's shore; 
Each rock and cave around, 
With every ocean bound, 
Columbia's praise resound 

Forever more. 

Each home and templed shrine, 
Inspired with love Divine, 

Our land unite; 
Let the wild i)a?an ring 
To God, our heavenly King, 
To Him our otTering bring 

For Freedom's might. 

North, South, and East and West 
Shall echo from each breast 

A nation's love; 
Long shall our sons unite. 
Long shall our banner bright 
Wave o'er this land of light. 
And our .strength prove. 
Lowell. k. f. l. 

— [ Boston Journal. 



The New Orleans BoXta says: ''The 
three greatest villains and traitors which 
the present war lias produced are, beyond 
all doubt, Hicks, Scott, and Haruey." — 
Beauregard, Twiggs, and Hardee, we in- 
fer, are augels by this tjuie. 



Richardson Light Infantry. 

Their ^"oyage to Fort M^inroe — Tlieir Com- 
]>aiiion«i — AVhat Tliev I>id — Their Loca- 
tion — What is Thought of Tliem —What 
They l>o, etc. 

FoKT Monroe, June 1, 1861. 

We left Hoston, as you know, on the 22d 
ult., in the steamer Pembroke, in company with 
the Wightnum Ritles. of Boston, Capt. T. S. 
Clark, " as good a set of fighters and as hard 
a set of men as it has been my fortune to 
meet." Captains Clark and Davis being both 
of same rank, and commissions bearing same 
date, they drew lots to see which should com- 
mand the detacliment, and the lot fell on 
Captain Clark. 

The Pembroke is not arranged so as to accom- 
modate the number of men aboard of her, 
but by having system in our arrangements, 
we got along very well. One of the lieutenants 
was <UtuiIcd each morning as ollicrr of the 
day, and ten men under a sergeant from each 
company as guard, whose duty it was to 
waleh the baggage, the gangways, and other 
points of the vessel, which were exposed; a 
permanent guard of eight men was also de- 
tailed, whose duty it was to take charge of 
the I)oats, and hold them against any rush of 
men in ease of accident; the signal was to be 
three calls of the bugle; the second day out 
the call was given to try the men, and'l am 
hapi>y to state that the boats assigned to"the 
iJiehardson I.i-xltt Inhmtry were manned first, 
undt'rthe charge uf Corp. Charles W. Brigham 
and William M. Young, they being in position 
in forty-five seconds after the call was given. 

We liad splendid weather all the way out, 
which contributed greatly to our comfort. 
Capt. Rufus Collin of the Pembroke, a noble 
son of old Neptune, did all in his power to 
make us condortable. We run down to several 
suspicious-looking vessels, but the pennant 
at mast-head always brought out the Stars 
and Stripes on their part, so we did not have 
the pleasure of taking any prizes into poit 
with us. 

On Saturday we entered nanipton Roads 



about 8:30 a.m. The Quaker City was about 
three miles ahead of us, towing a bark she 
had captured, and at 11 :;iO o'clock we reaehed 
Fortress Monroe, and iit once report i-d to 
Major-general Butler, who met ns in a very 
cordial manner. \Vi! were assigned qnarti'rs 
in the Hygeia hotel, "the celebrated Old 
Point Comfort hotel," where we took posses- 
sion of twenty-four rooms for company's 
quarters. We got nothing to eat until about 
7 o'clock, V. M. , being unal>le to get our rations 
from the (Quartermaster and get them cooked 
sooner, and as we had enten nothing since 6 
o'clock, A. M.. we had gooil appetites. Since 
that time we have had our rogulai- meals, 
and the. fare has Ijcen of good (iualit\'. 

On Tnesiiay hist Ceneral liutler paid us a 
visit at our rjuarters, and laying a»id(; all 
military etifiuette :nid rules, " addressed ns 
as townsmen and friends, giving us some 
good advice and counsel, in the pleasunt and 
pithy style which is so characteristic ot him. 
On Monday we were temporarily attaehed to 
the Third n'giuH.Mil, Colonel Wardntp's, antl 
that afternoon we made our first paraih-. On 
Tuesday we went on as picket guard, and 
were highly ecnnplimented by Major Wil- 
liams, the oilicer ot tin- (lay. for our piompt- 
ness, etc. Yesterday (Thurs<lay) we were de- 
tached from Colonel Wardrojt's regiment 
and placed nndei' the eonnnand of Colonel 
Dimmick. of the ('nileil states army, and 
put in good (piarlers in the barracks, each 
man being furnished with a mattress to sleep 
on, and liaving good faeililies for cooking, 
and more on hand in tin- provision line than 
we can eat. 

We have got to be known as the " iiet 
company " of the garrison ; and if any of the 
officers want any thing done right, belonging 
to our duties, they want "those Lowell boys." 
We are getting compliments " right an<i left," 
from the officers, from (ieneral Butler down, 
and are sai<l to be the finest volunteer com- 
pany yet sent to this place. 

Some of the boys have been troubled with 
the dysentery, from drinking too much of 
the water here, which is not very good, and I 
have two in the hospital now, but nothing 
serious occurring, they will be all right in a 
day or two. The company is getting thinned 
out some, owing to its members beingso well 
qualified to fill various posts. A. P. Cole has 
been appointed apothecary at the hospital; 
H. P. (ioode.ll, clerk at the same place; 
Simeon Ilriggs is to take charge of the garri- 
son stables, and there are five machinists at 
work in the shop here, on gun carriages. 

We have been mounting cannon totlay, 
and although it is hard work, all like it. as it 
seems like fight. There are about seven 
thousand troojis here now, mostly from New 
Y'ork, all un<ler command of General Butler 
— part are at Newport News, and part en- 
camped outside the fortress. 

We miss the Lowtdl papers, but hope to re- 
ceive them as soon as it is known we are 
established here. The Sixth is expected 
here daily, and we are all impatient to meet 
them. P. A. D. 



Parson Brownlow on his Xerve. 
— Parson Brownlow, of the Jonesboro' 
(Tenn.) Whig^ in a late iiuiaber of his 
paper, thus speaks of the IJuion, and of 
his determination to tight its battles in 
Tennessee, aJthongh he may be eom- 
pelled to stand siugle-lianded and 
alone : — 

'^That all may understand us, we take 
occasion to say, free from all exrite- 
ment, that to destroy our olliee or stop 
our windpipe is the only way in which 
we can be jjiwcnted from denouncing 
Secession, and advocating the Union. 
There are now l)ut tliree L'niou papers 
in Tennessee, as we consider, and unless 
we are assassinated, or our oliice is de- 
stroyed, we sliall soon have the honor 
of standing alone. And there we shall 
stand — ueitlier tlie gates of hell, nor 
the pressure of Secession riots, being 
able to prevail against our conviction of 
riffht/'' 



76 



fXCI DENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR 



The Southern President Condemned 
by Jeff. Davis. 

•Soiuo of the papcr.s have been looking 
up their flies in search of the patriotic 
speeches u liicli .leff. Davis made during 
his visit to New EngUuKl in the svnnmer 
of 1858. His words sound strangely 
enough now. No stronger condemna- 
tion of his course could be found than is 
given in his patriotic addresses. At 
Portland he said : — 

•' No one more than myself recognizes 
th"' binding force of "the allegiance 
whieh the citizen owes to the state of 
his citizenship, but that state being a 
party to our compact, a member of our 
Union, fealty to the federal constitution 
is not in op'position to, but flows from, 
the allegiance due to one of the United 
States." 

Hear his words at Augusta, Me. : — 
" The whole confederacy is in'y coun- 
try, and to the iimermost fibers of my 
heaii 1 love it all and every part. J 
could not if 1 would, and would not if I 
could, dwarf myself to mere sectionality. 
My lirst allegiance is to the state of 
wliiili 1 am a citizen, anil to which by 
aflrrtioii and association I am personally 
bound ;b\it this does not obstruct the 
perci-i)tion of your greatness, or adndra- 
tion for niuch which I have toiniii admir- 
able among you. . . . 

•' If shadows float over your disc and 
threaten an eclipse ; if there l)e those 
who would not avert, but desire to pre- 
cipitate catastrophe to the Union, these 
arc not the sentiments of the American 
heart; — they are rather the exceptions, 
and should not disturb our confidence 
in the deep-seated sentiment of nation- 
ality, which aided our fathers when they 
entered into the compact of Union, and 
which has preserved it to us." 

Hut see how his eloquence warms into 
the most patriotic fervor as he stands in 
Fanueil ball. Listen to his condemna- 
tion of the men who violate their oath 
of allegiance : — 

"But if those voices which breathed 
the first instincts into the colony of 
Massachusetts and into those colonies 
which riirmed the Unile<l States, to pro- 
claim conmnmity independence, and as- 
sert it against the ])Owerful mother 
country — if those voices live here still, 
how must they feel who come here to 
l)reach treason to the constitution, and 
assail the I'nicm it onlained and estab- 
lisbedV It would seem that their crimi- 
nal hearts should fear that tliose voici'S, 
so long slumbering, would break their 
silence ; that the forms which look 
down from these walls, behind and 
around me, would walk forth, and that 
Iheir sabers would once more be drawn 
from their scabbards, to drive from this 
sacred temple fanatical men who dese- 
crate it more than did the changers of 
money and those who sold doves, the 
templi' of the living (iod. . . . 

" .\mong culprits, tliere is none more 
odious to my mind than a public ollicer 
who takes an oath losu|iporl the consti- 
tuti<in — the compact between the states 
binding each other tor the c(unmon de- 
fense and general welfare of the other — 



yet retains to himself a mental reserva- 
tion that he will war upon the princi- 
ples he has sworn to maintain, and upon 
the i)roi)erty rights, the protection of 
which are part of the compact of the 
Union. [Applause.] 

"It is a crime too low to be named 
before this assembly. It is one which 
no man with self-respect would ever 
commit. 'J'o swear that he will support 
the constitution — to take an office 
which belongs in many of its relations 
to all the states, and to use it as a 
means of injuring a portion of the 
states of whoin he is thus the represen- 
tative, is treason to every thing honora- 
ble in man. It is the base and cowardly 
attack of him who gains the confidence 
of another, in order that he may womid 
him." 

Was ever a man more signally con- 
denmed out of his own mouthy In a 
speech at Portland he also said : — 

" If, at some future time, when I am 
mingled with the dust, and the arm of 
my infant sou has been nerved for deeds 
of manhood, the storm of war should 
burst ujion your city, I feel that, rely- 
ing u]ion the instincts of his ancestors 
and mine, 1 may pledge him in that peril- 
ous hour to stand by your side in the 
defense of your hearthstones and in 
maintaining the honor of a flag whose 
constellation, though torn and smoked 
in many a battle by sea and land, has 
ne\ei- l)een stained with dishonor, and 
will, I trust, forever fly as free as the 
breeze that unfolds it." 



A Soldier's Death. — A writer tells 
this incident of the Great Bethel fight. 
( )rderly Sergeant Goodfellow, ot Colonel 
Allen'.s regiment, was mortally wounded 
in the breast. lie handed his nuisket to 
a conn'ade, and several flocked around 
him. "Oh," said he, "I guess I "ve got 
to go," and he placed his hand upon the 
woimd. "Oh, dd n't mind me, boys," 
he continued; "go on with the fight; 
do n"t stop for me ; do n't stop for me I " 
and ju'cssing away those who attempted 
to su])port him, he sank down upon the 
gromid. .lust at that instant his colonel 
])assed, and looking ui)tohim he gasped, 
" Good-bye, Colonel ! " and died. Colonel 
Allen turned ghastly white as he ob- 
served it. He^ bit his lips, too nmch 
moved to speak, and rushed on to avenge 
his death. 

Sl'EClAi, dispatch from Boston to the 
Courier : — 

A reported l)attle near Boonville, Mis- 
souri, is true. General Lyon began by 
opening a heavy cannonade against the 
Kebels, who retreated into an adjoining 
wood, where they opened a In-isk fire 
upon our troops, which imiuced Lyon to 
order a hasty retreat, when the Kebels 
rallied and loUowed the troops into an 
adjoining wheal field. 

General Lyon halted, turned, brought 
the force of his artillery to bear, and 
opened a murderous fire on the Kebels. 
Three hundred were killed. 'I'lie balance 
fled in all direclicms, leaving their arms 
on the field, (iovernor .Jackson visited 
the battle, but fled after his defeat. 



The Stars and Stripes Raised on 
Andover Seminary. 

Andover. Junc'5, \SH\. 
To the Editor of tlie Boston Journal: 

Tlie gooil people of Andover wit ne.'^.sed an 
event of unusual interest last night in the Ilag- 
raisLiig at the Theological seminary. The 
Phillips Guard, Captain Thorapfson, from the 
academy, and the Havclock Grays, Capt. 
E.L.Clark, of the seujiuiiry, and many ot the 
townspeople, participated in the exercises. 

After Doctor Hohncs' army hymn had been 
sung, prayer was ottered by Professor Park, 
who presided on the occasion. 

Professor Phelps then presented the flag 
with appropriate remarks. He thought it 
fitting that the flag should float on Phillips 
hall, tlie oldest ot the seminary buildings, 
where had roomed Adoniram Judson, Cor- 
don Hall, and other missionary heroes. It 
was the right thing in the right place. 

The flag was now raised and greeted with 
cheers and the song, " Star-spangled Ban- 
ner." 

Professor Stowe then made an address. 
The flag, he said, was the symbol of an idea. 
In such a contest as this we need an ideal; 
and idealism is sometimes the highest form 
of utilitarianism. The fall of .Sumter's flag 
had stirred the nation as nothing else could 
have done. The speaker then spoke of the 
present contest as one which would tusk all 
our powers and be worthy of our highest 
efforts. 

The following hymn, written for the occa- 
sion by Mrs. 11. B. Stowe, WHS then sung to the 
tunc of America;— 

Here where our fathers came. 
Bearing the holy flame 

To light our days — 
Here where with faith and jirayer 
They reared these walls in air, 
Now to the heavens so fair 

Their flag we raise. 

Look ye, where free it waves 
Over their hallowed graves ! 

Blessing their sleep ; 
Now pledge your heart and hand. 
Sons of a noble land, 
Round this bright flag to stand, 

Till death to keep. 

God of our fathers! now 
To Thee we raise our vow — 

Judge and defend ; 
Let Freedom's l>anner wave 
Till there be not a slave — 
Show Thyself strong to save. 

Unto the end. 

After a parade by the military companies, 
including the Andover Volunteers, Capt. 
H. Holt, who eame on the ground just after 
the flag-raising, the Havelock Grays marched 
to Professor Stowe's, whore they spent a 
pleasant evening and were formally named 
bv Mrs. Stowe. X. 



A Parody. 

.teffersou Davis (may his tribe decrease!) 
Awoke one night with ague in his knees; 
Seeing within the moonliglit of his room 
A finnale form, resplendent as the moon, 
Columbia writing in a book of gold; 
E.xci-ediug brass h.ad made the Davis bold, 
.•\nd tn the presence in the room he said, 
'■ What writest thou? " The vision raised its 

head. 
And with a look all dignity and calm, 
.\nswercd, "The names ot those w-holoveoui- 

I'ufle Sam." 
" And is mine one? " said Davis. " Nay, not 

so," 
Replied Columbia. Davis spoke more low, 
lint clearly still, and said, "I pray thee, then. 
Write me the names of tho.se who hate their 

fellow-men," 
Columbia wrote and vanished. The ne.\t 

night 
She eanie again, with her new list .all right. 
And sliowed the names hunianit>' detest. 
And lo! Jeff. Davis' name leil all the rest. 
— [Home .Journal. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR, 



77 



DlirAKTURE OF THK FIRST REGI- 
MENT FOR WASHINGTON. 



Euthnsiastlc Ovation to tbe Troops! 
Flag Presented to the Regiment. 

TOUCHING SCENES ON THE COMMON. 

One of the Troops Killed. 



Other Incidents and Accidents. 

Whatever may betide tlie troops coiii- 
posiug the First reginieut of Massachu- 
setts vohiuteers in the perilous expedi- 
tion upon wliieli tliey have finally set 
forth, they have aoeoniplished their 
first victory over a series of moral ob- 
stacles, which were enough to break 
the back of Secession itself ; aud if their 
courage aud bravery on the field of bat- 
tle equal the patience aud forbearauce 
W'ith which they ha\'e borue their disap- 
pointments and troubles, their future 
career will be as bright aud glorious as 
their past history has beeu cloudj' aud 
uncertain. Being the First regiment 
of M. V. M., they claimed the privilege 
of heading the colunui that moved 
from this state to the defense of the 
national capital. Tills was denied them, 
but an equally honorable position has 
finally beeu assigned them in leadiug 
the van of the battalions which Massa- 
chusetts sends forth for the restoration 
of the Union. They are the first of the 
three years' vohiuteers from the com- 
monwealth, aud the generous aud en- 
thusiastic farewell which they received 
on Saturday at the hands of tlieirfrieuds 
and fellow-citizens, shows liow much 
this greater sacrifice of theirs is felt 
aud appreciated by the community. 

Leaving: Camp. 

Saturday was a day of coimuotiou iu 
Camp Cameron, at North Cambridge; 
preparations for the departure of the 
troops leaving liegau at an early hour. 
The tents, baggage, aud all the camp 
equipage, save what the men carried ou 
their shoulders, was packed, aud the 
baggage train, consisting of flfteeu 
wagons, each drawn by four horses, 
set out iu advance for the steamer upon 
which the regiment embarked. The 
wagons were placed ou platform-cars, 
aud the horses iu box-cars, on the Bos- 
ton & Providence railroad, aud con- 
veyed to Groton, the terminus of the 
Providence & Stonington railroad, 
whence the steamers on tliis route sail 
for New York. 

Hoi-ge Killed. 

A series of accidents which attended 
the departure of the troojis began with 
the killing of a horse, the most valuable 
belonging to the regiment, and one at- 
tached to the wagon of the Fusileers. 
The train had not proceeded far from 
this city, ^\'heu the wagoner in charge 
of one of the cars, thinking to furnish 



the horses more air, opened one of the 
doors, whereupon this horse became 
frightened, aud forcing against a tem- 
porary barrier broke it down and 
plunged headlong from the car. He 
was instantly killed. The train re- 
turned to the depot, when the clerk of 
Quartermaster I^ee, a young man named 
E. R. Hutchins, who had superintended 
the leading of the horses, jirouipth* set 
about obtaining another horse. N'ot 
finding the (Quartermaster-general or 
other oflicials of whom to obtain au- 
thority to proceed, he very ])ro])erly 
took the responsibility of going to Kox- 
bury and purchasing a horse, which 
was soon loaded, and the train set oft" 
again, each wagoner accompanying his 
owu team. 

A Wagoner Killed. 

The train arrived safely at Groton, 
ojjposite New London, but here a second 
and melancholy casualty occurred. 
While the cars were being switdied 
from one track to another, the wagoner 
of the Koxbury City Guards, a young 
man named Daniel Miller, who was 
seated on his wagon, was jostled from 
his place and fell between the cars uj)on 
the track. Twenty-four cars passed 
over his legs, cutting them oft' above 
the knees and mangling them in a shock- 
ing mauner. The unfortunate man was 
removed to a dwelling-house near the 
depot. Doctor Francis, of New Loudon, 
was sunmioned, aud every thing was 
done which could be to alleviate his 
suft'erings and prolong his life. He sank 
rapidly and expired in the arms of 
Atwell Richardson, the armorer of the 
regiment, about three hours after the 
accident occurred. 

In the meantime the troops at Camp 
Cami'ron were busy with final prepara- 
tions for their departure. Through the 
exertions of Major Chandler the sum of 
$9000 was obtained aud distributed 
among the troops, that being the 
amount due them from the Uuitetl 
States for fourteen days' service. The 
troops ])rovided themselves with four 
days" rations, consisting of excellent 
hard bread, boiled ham and beef, and 
their canteens with water. They 
marched bv companies to the commis- 
sary's quarters, and each in turn filled 
his haversack. The preference was 
given for bread, entire companies taking 
nothing else. 

At 4 : 30 o'clock the drum beat 
the "Assembly," aud the troops 
marched out of their quarters to the 
regimental line. Brigadier -general 
Bullock and staff were received and es- 
corted in a barouche to Boston. Thi; 
guard being taken oft", the lines were 
kept by the Cambridge police, until 
Captain Tripp of the Sixth K'olonel 
Clark's) regiment, who took possession 
of the camp, posted his sentinels. 

Halt on the Comiuoii. 

The regiment made a brief halt iu 
Charles street, and as the clock struck " 
they resumed their march and eutere<l 
the connnon. A large ])ortiou of the 
parade ground was cleared, and three 
sides enclosed with ropes, while a 



.strong police force kept the line on the 
Charles street mall. The regiment 
made a detour of the parade ground, 
andd the shouts of welcome, the flutter- 
ing of a shower of handkerchiefs, and 
the clapping of hands by at least twenty 
thousand people, who were assembled 
on the hillside and all along the lines, 
who had waiteii since 5 o'clock to see 
the troops. The regiment had no sooner 
halted, than the mass of humanity ou 
the back side of the common was ob- 
served to sway against the constabulary 
outposts, and pressing by the police 
officers the crowtl rushed in overwhelm- 
ing numbers to the embrace of hus- 
bands, fathers, sons, and brothers. A 
thousand men in arms was literally true 
of the brave boys of the Massachusetts 
First, who were soon lost in the mass of 
civilians who swarmed about them, 
with last, words of comfort and blessmg. 
Touching scenes, the remembrance of 
which years will not ettace from the 
memory of the participators, were wit- 
nessed, conti-ailicling l>y their stern 
reality the burden of the song, " .V sol- 
dier's life is always gay," calling for 
the exercise of the loftiest patriotism, 
which gives up home, friends, aud life 
itself for country, and testing the 
strength of the tenderest aft'ection. 

But the day was fast waning, and the 
halt was brief. The order was given 
"Forward,"' and the regiment disen- 
gaged itself from these endearing en- 
tanglements, and marched to the long 
wooden freight depot of the Providence 
railroad, follow ed by hosts of friends, 
reluctant to lose sight of the soldiers. 

Presentation of a Banner. 

Arrangements had been made by a 
committee of the city council to present 
a flag to the regiment, which gift was 
intended as a conqdiment to Colonel 
Cowdiu, who is a member of the com- 
mon council. Mayor Wightmau aud 
many state and municipal officers, in- 
cluding Adjutant -general Schouler, 
Quartermaster -geueral Reed, Colonel 
Stone, Master of Ordnance, aud several 
aldermen and councilmen, were on the 
common, aud endeavored to perform the 
ceremony at that point, but the confu- 
sion which followed the halt of the 
troops prevented, aud after a series of 
strategic movements, the gentlemen 
followed the troops to the depot, es- 
corted through the crowd by the old 
Fusileers. A platform was improvised 
from a pile of railwaj- sleepers, and a 
space being cleared. Colonel Cowdin 
rode into it, and the ceremony took 
place. 

Remarks of Alderman Pray. 

.John F. Pray, Esq., alderman aud 
chairman of the committee, stepped 
forward and addressed Colonel Cowdin, 
as follows : — 

Mr. Commander : The city council of 
Boston made an a])]iropriation, aud ap- 
pointed a committee, to procure a set of 
colors to be presented to your regiment, 
as a token of their appreciation of the 
prompt and efficient manner in which 
you discharged your duties as a member 
of that body. 



78 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



You are also entitled to the respect 
of the citizens of Boston, for the deep 
interest yon have manifested in our 
volunteer militia for many years of 
peace, pi-osperity, and loyalty. 

Circumstances beyond our control 
oblige our chosen men now to take up 
aruis for the preservation of the Union. 
It is your duty in this hour of peril to 
aid in the j)rotection of our connuon 
country, the maintenance of govern- 
ment and nationality, the support of 
law and liberty. This duty you have 
promptly accepted. 

I now present you, in behalf of the 
city council, the "flag, the emblem of 
that Union which must be preserved. 
Let it teach that lesson to your com- 
mand until you return victorious to 
peaceful homes in a happy and united 
country. 

Colonel Cowdin responded as fol- 
lows : — 

Mr. Chairman, Mr. Mayor, and Gentle- 
men of the City Council : From the 
bottom of my heart I thank you. The 
fatigues of the day and the ovation that 
we have received on Boston Common 
have left me in such a condition tliat I 
am hardly able to express uiyself in your 
presence. I did suppose that the jiolice 
of Boston could keep guard wherever 
they were placed, but I have altered my 
miiid this evening. The arms of our 
wives and sweethearts have proved too 
much for you. 

I am very grateful to the city of my 
adoption of which I have been a citizen 
for tliirty years, and I assure you that, 
as far asmiiy lie in my power, nothing 
shall be left undone that can be done to 
sustain our noble country. This flag 
shall never be disgraced "by me or my 
command, as far as my power extends, 
and I have no doulit of tlie disjjosition 
of my whole command to support me 
unto death itself. 

! 1 hank you again from the bottom of 
my heart. " May the city of Boston rest 
assured that we go forth as patriots to 
fight the battles of our common country, 
and that we shall ever hold to the senti- 
ment that it is better to he buried in the 
deepest dejiths of the earth than to come 
home dishonored ! 

Three cheers were iuuuediately given 
for Colonel Cowdin, three for the First 
regiiiumt, and tlu-ee for tlie old Artil- 
lery (which Colonel Cowdin com- 
manded). 

The Departure. 

Meanwhile the regiment liail <MMbarked, 
in a train made up of scvcnleeii jias- 
senger and four baggage cars, drawn by 
two powerful locomotives, and in the 
midst of hurried farewells, the cheers 
of the crowd who followed after it, 
and the answering shouts of " good- 
))ye" from the soldiers, Ihe train moved 
slowly away. The rcginii'nl was a<'Com- 
panied l\v General SI one, who was de- 
tailed to ])roceed as far as Jersey City, 
to superintend the embarkation of the 
trooi)s. Previous to their dejiarlure, 
General Stone i)resented them witli a 
silk .Vmerican flag, which they have 
taiien along with them, the first that has 
yet been i)resented to a Massachusetts 



regiment. Each regiment will hereafter 
be furnished with one by the state. 
Tliere was no ceremony attending its 
presentation. 

By reference to the telegraphic columns 
it will he seen that the regiment arrived 
hi New York at 2 : 30 o'clock yesterday 
afternoon, and after refreshment left 
for Philadelphia at 7 o'clock in the even- 
ing. 

It was a curious coincidence, that the 
First regiment of Massachusetts volun- 
teei-s passed through Baltimore on June 
17th, as the first regiment of militia 
passed through on April 19th. 



A Rebel's Proclamation. 

Proclamations are fashionable nowa- 
days, in both the Federal and Rebel 
annies. But the last is the most re- 
markable thing we have ever seen. As 
a specimen of the honesty and candor, 
of the Christian spirit, that jtervade the 
breasts of those who flght in the " holy 
cause of the South" we subjoin General 
Beauregard's proclamation to the Vir- 
ginians. It is hardly possible for an 
honest man to believe it true that a per- 
son assuming to be a gentleman coidd 
j)nt his name to an instrument so utterly 
and totally devoid of truth. We tjuote 
only a part of the proclamation, as fol- 
lows : — 

"A reckless and unprincipled tyrant 
has invaded your soil. Abraham Lin- 
coln, regardless of all moral, legal, and 
constitutional restraints, has thrown his 
Abolition hosts among you, who are 
murdering and imprisoning your citizens, 
confiscating and destroying your prop- 
erty, and committing other acts of 
violence and outrage, too shocking and 
revolting to humanity to be enumerated. 
All rules of civilized warfare are aban- 
doned, and they proclaim by their acts, 
it not on their banners, that their war- 
cry is ' Bkai'TV AND Booty.' All that 
is "dear to man — your honor and that of 
your wives and daughters — your for- 
tunes and your lives, are involved in this 
momentous contest." 

The "Father of Lies" has a dangerous 
rival in Beauregard, if it can be believed 
the two are not really in partnersliii). 



TllK Louisville Journal is guilty of the 
following : — 

E|)itai)h discovered on an old tcnnb- 
stone in the church-yard of Weisnich- 
two : — 

Here lies Toutaiit de lieaiu'ej^anl, 
Wlio tor tliu truth had no regard; 
Wlien seized tjy .Satan lie will cry, 
" I 've canglit old .Satan ! Victory ! " 

Fi.ovi). — (apt. William Brown Es- 
kerrie, in the New York Mercury, 
thus l)rings "alliteration's artful aid" 
to the immortality of Floyd in verse: — 

Fclonius Kloyd, liir-fatncd lor lalsifyinf;, 
Forever (irst"lroni Kedcral lorccs Ilyiiif,', 
From fiiliricatioiis liiuninf? Fortune's fame, 
Finds foul FugiKaty factitious Fame. 

Fool! facile Fabler! Fugitive flagitious! 
Fear for Futurity, Filclicr llctit ions ! 
Fame lorccd froin Folly, finding fawners fled, 
Feeds llnal failure — fadurc fungus-fed. 



Theodore Winthrop and the Battle 
at Great Bethel. 

Mr. Theodore Winthrop, whose name 
is included among the missing after the 
fight at Great Bethel, was a member of 
the New York Seventh regiment artillery 
corps. He left New York for the seat 
of war with the most eager promptness, 
as soon as the requisition of the President, 
was announced, and distinguished him- 
self among the most enthusiastic in the 
dragging of howitzers and all the heavy 
work of the Seventh's march. When 
the regiment returned from Washington, 
he remained to become General Butler's 
military secretary, and expected to enter 
the Regular army with the rank of first 
lieutenant. 

Mr. Winthrop was a resident of Staten 
island. He was a young man of fine 
talents, shrewd and active mind, and 
possessed unbounded military enthu- 
siasm. Ills versatility will be acknowl- 
edged by those who have read the paper 
from his pen, descriptive of the nuirch 
of the Seventh, published in the June 
number of the Atlantic Monthly. It has 
attracte<l much attention, not only from 
the intrinsic interest of the subject, but 
the brilli.MUcy of its style and the evi- 
dent fitness of its author for the service 
which he had originally entered as .an 
amateur. If \\'e shall be compelled to 
believe the worst of this young soldier's 
fate, he will be regretted not only by the 
many warm jiersonal friends who loved 
liim,'but by the people at large, who can 
ill sjiare one who ))romised to be so ex- 
cellent an ornament both to our arms 
and our literature. — [New York Even- 
ing Post, \H\\. 



A Letter from Mrs. Lincoln. 

It has been published in the Southern 
papers that the sympathies of the Presi- 
dent's wife are with the Secessionists. 
The following very handsome letter re- 
ceived by one of our fellow-Kentuckiaus, 
says the Louisville Jortrnal, does not in- 
dicate it : — 

Executive Mansion, .June 20, lsr:i. 

Col .John Fry — My Hear Sir: It gives me 
very great jiU-asurc to be the medium of trans- 
mis'siiin ot these weapons to be u.sed in the 
defense (if national sovereignty upon the soil 
of Kentucky. 

Though Slime years have p.assed .since I left 
my native slate', 1 liavc never cca.^ed to eon- 
teiuiilate her progress in happiness and prog- 
peril y with sentiments of fond and tilial pride. 
In every elliirt of industrial energj', in every 
enterprise <if lionor and valor, my heart has 
been with lii'r. And 1 rejoice in the conscious- 
ness th.at, at this time, when the institutions 
to whose fostering care we owe all that we 
have of haiipiness, and glory, are rudely as- 
sailed by ungrateful ami parricidal hands, the 
.state of Kentucky, ever true and loyal, 
furnishes to the insulted flag of the I'nion a 
guard of her best and bravest sons- On every 
flelil till' prowess of Kentuckiaiis has been 
manifested. In the holy cause of national 
defense, they must be invincible. 

I'lease accept, sir, these weapons as a token 
of the love 1 shall never cease to cherish for 
my mother state, of the pride with whicli I 
have alwavs regarded the exphiits ot her 
sons, and of the conli<lcnee which I feel in the 
ultimate loyaltv of her pcoiile, who, while 
never forgetting lla^ homage wliieli tlieir be- 
loved state uniy ju.stly claim, still remcniher 
the higher anil grander allegiance due to our 
common country. Yours very sincerely, 

MAUY LINCOLN. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



79 



The Right Talk. 

The Norwich (Conn.) B^dletin, in con- 
sidei'iiig the peace resolutions lately 
oftered in the legislature of that state, 
expresses the right sentiments in unmis- 
takable terras. " We say we are in favor 
of peace," proceeded the Bulletin ; " our 
desire for peace is seconrl only to our 
desire that this government shall be sus- 
tained, this constitution of ours vindi- 
cated, and the I'nion preserved. Show 
us that these objects have been attained ; 
that treason has been punished ; that 
armed Rebellion lias been put down ; that 
government is in possession of all the 
places and property of which it has been 
wrongly despoiled; that the honor of 
our flag has been vindicated ; that the 
murderers of our citizens have paid the 
penalty of the law ; that the thirty-four 
states recognize one government, one 
constitution, and one executive ; and 
that the ilcmtgoniery usurpation has 
been crushed out of existence ; show us 
this, and we will go as far to secure 
peace as any peace man in the legisla- 
ture. Till this is done, the cry of peace 
is the cry of a coward or a traitor."' 



but whon lie does come, he will meet with a 
very cordial reception. 

The Acljutant'3 call i3 3ouiKlinK for us to fall 
in, to .attenil divine services, ami 1 must bid 
you adieu. SENTINEL. 

— [Lowell Courier. 



From the Sixth Regiment. 

Relay C.\jip, .June 16, 1861. 

Mr. Editor : Nothing of any note has tran.s- 
pired near us within a few days, except tlie 
evacuation of Harper's Feriy, and indeed we 
can hardly believe that the report of the 
evacuation is wholly true; for if the Ilebels 
make no stand at th<it place, where they had 
two months to fortify themselves, wliere, I 
ask, will they make 'a stand? Their force 
has been variously stated at from ten to 
twenty thousand; but whether it is either of 
the numbers, or lialf of eitlier, it shows 
another " dread Scott case," to say the least. 
It is the opinion of some, tliat they intend to 
fall back on Manassas .Junction, and there 
meet the Federal forces, and fight for the 
mastery. This seems to be the only thing 
they can do at present; for if the Federal 
force lias got possession of Manassas .Junc- 
tion, Harper's Ferry would have been at the 
nierc5' of the government. liut let me iiro- 
l)hesy thattliere will be no battle at Manassas, 
for Scott will set the same trap for them at 
that place that came so near capturing them 
at Harper's Ferry. 

It is rumored here that the entire forces at 
■Washington are under marching orders, and 
if that be so, you may look out for a demon- 
stration in some direction without delay. 

The Bo.ston Lijfht Artillery, which has been 
stationed at this point, left this morning- 
Their ilestination I have not learned, but liear 
that Baltimore has been put under martial 
law, and that they have gone to that place. 

The Sixth regiment visited Baltimore last 
Thursday, to sec that no riotous demonstra- 
tions were made on election day, and I am 
glad to say that nothing occurred to call for 
our interference. We have been at Baltimore 
so often lately, that we have gained the name 
of the " Baltimore Guard." We were accom- 
panied by the artillery company, whicli, by 
tlie way, "is a most etficient body of men, ami 
we are sorry to have them leave, for an al- 
most brotherly feeling exists between them 
and our "boys;" but such is life, especially 
in times like'thcse. 

We were the recipients of a parcel of letter- 
paper and envelopes this morning, from the 
Belvidere ladies, anil it was a very desirable 
present, it being what we were most in need 
of. The Sixth will reiuemberall such iiresents, 
and will testify their gratitude to the donors 
by doing their duty at all times. 

"We are very much gratified to liave another 
Massachusetts man appointed to the major- 
generalship in tills department, and more so 
to iiave our own commander-in-chief, Baiiks- 
We have been expecting him up to see us, 
ijut as yet he has not made an appearance; 



The Sixth Regiment in Baltimore 
Again. 

It appears that the hasty leave of the 
Sixth regiment last week, was that it 
might be in Baltimore at the election, 
serious troulile having been anticijiateil. 
The following extract of a letter wliicli 
we find in the Boston Transcript of last 
evening, gives a vivid description of 
their experience and behavior in the 
"Monumental City" on the occasion of 
their visit. The Baltimore rebels know 
that the consequences would be awful it 
they should be again interfered witli. 
But to the letter: — 

" The train which was to convey us to 
Baltimore not being on hand, we seized 
three trains, but they did not have cars 
enough for us; but while waiting for 
another, the train iutend<'d ff)r us came 
up, and in twenty minutes our whole 
battery, horses and men, were loaded on 
the cars, officers and men all taking hold 
and helping. We then started, and stop- 
ped within half a mile of the city, and 
went on a hill with the Sixth Massachu- 
setts regiment. The New York Thir- 
teenth, with a drum corps of twenty 
drums, soon after arrived (3 p. m.) from 
Annapolis, 1260 strong. They Joined us 
on the hill, where we waiteil until 
o'clock, our whole force amounting to 
2.500 men, when news came that the 
Union candidate was defeated. We were 
then formed into line, with half of the 
Sixth in advance for our right flank, 
and the remainder in our rear for our 
left. The order was then, ' Forwai-d, 
double quick, march I ' and away we 
went on a dead run into the city, into 
Pratt street, where our soldiers were 
fired upon on the 19th of April last, the 
same that were with us. The New York 
Thirteenth remained on the hill as a 
reserve. We were all imder command 
of Colonel Jones. General Banks lay 
back in Fort McHenry, waiting for the 
mob to fire on the Massachusetts boys 
again. 

" We rushed through the streets at full 
gallop, with the gallant Sixth in our 
front and rear at double quick time. \\C 
went through the inameuvers of street 
firing and charging bayonets, firing 
down cross streets, advancing, firing 
again, and again charging bayonets, tlie 
whole length of Pratt an<l East Balti- 
more streets, and it was all done by us 
on the gallop, and by the infantry on th(> 
run. Such an exciting scene I never saw 
before. The people were silent, and 
many very much frightened ; some of 
the women fainted, thinking we were 
intending to attack the city. 

'•About dark we returned to the bill, 
and bivouacked tor the night, and at !t 
o'clock the next morning returned to our 
old quarters at the Relay house, feeling 
much better for our trip, and leaving 
more Union men in Baltimore than we 
found there, I think. "" 



Condition of our Troops in "Western 
"Virginia. 

Some at least of the gallant fellows 
who are fighting so bravely and success- 
fully for the cause of the Union in 
Wes'tern Virginia are submitting to 
hardships for wliich there ought to be 
a speedy reme<ly. We are glad to learn, 
however, bj' a letter in the Cincinnati 
Commercial, from the camp at Cheat 
mountain, that the men are in good 
spirits and cheerfully bear the priva- 
tions to which they are subjected. We 
quote : — 

'• Our friends at home have no idea of 
the condition of tlic> Ohio and Indiana 
boys in Ibis benighted region. 1 .state 
by personal investigation, when I say 
there is not a regiment in this com- 
mand that t'an muster over twenty-five 
pairs of pantaloons, twenty shirts, or 
thirty blankets. A portion of the troops 
have just received their overcoats, how- 
ever, which will atVord slight relief. All 
the men are without socks, and many 
barefooted. Yet, strange to relate, 
there is no complaint. The.y would 
rather go out and scout the enemy in 
the pelting storm any time than partake 
of rations and soldiers" quarters. I 
have seen men who have lain out in the 
laurel six and eight days at a stretch, 
bagging the Secesh and subsisting on 
green blackberries and fox grapes. 

"Three of the Indiana boys, belong- 
ing to KimbalTs Fourteenth Indiana, 
recently surrounded and captured a 
party of nine of the enemy in a shanty 
on the mount;! ins, who, after surrender- 
ing, had the impudence to inquire if all 
our men were so valorous. Our boys 
removed the locks from their guns, and 
then permitted them to depart in peace, 
not being able to take the wounded 
prisoners into our camp." 

It appears that the army is badly off 
for transportation, which may account 
for the destitute condition of the sol- 
diers, as large quantities of clothing for 
them were reported to be stored at 
Wheeling, Bell Air, Parkersburg, and 
other places, whence it may be difficult 
to transport supplies. 



Every day develops some new evi- 
dence of the systematic manner in 
which the goveriuueut was defrauded 
and phmdered under the late adminis- 
tration by the ofticers whose special 
dut}- it vvas to ])rotect the public in- 
terests and provide for the public de- 
fense. The AV'ashington correspondent 
of the New York Times relates the fol- 
lowing exploit of Governor Floyd : — 

" On Governor's island there were 
twenty large guns, some of which were 
of extraordinary size and weight, 
which the secretary, being, it is sui)- 
posed, rather ' hard up,' sold to a prom- 
inent New Jersey machine shop as old 
iron, for the moderate sum of §20 jier 
ton. So well made were the guns that 
it was found a physical impossibility to 
break them in the ordinary manner, 
and it was only by the use of the 
lathe that they were destroyed. Several 



80 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



of rhi'in weighed 7000 lbs. each. Sis of 
tlieiii remain uiil)roken, and the depart- 
ment has ordered an examination of 
tlieni. so tliat tliey may again be taken 
into tlie service of the country.'" 



The Red, White, and Blue. 

IIV JOSIE S. IIL'NT. 

Oil, (leaver tliaii life is tlie badge that 1 wear, 
With its star knit of gold from my ladylove's 

liair; 
Close over mv heart like a blossom it grows, 
Tricolored, inodorous, gold-hearted rose. 

When the bells of our village tolled out their 

alarms. 
And the drums beat the music that called us 

t() arms. 
My darling, with steady white hands pinned 

it there. 
While she said in-a voice that was tender as 

prayer, 

(Its silver unjarrcrt by a shiver of fear,) 

" I give you to (iod and to Liberty, dear ! 

In the pride of your years, in the strength of 

your youth. 
My heart gives you up to do battle for tnitli." 

To test her, I said, " When I go to my grave, 
I'd rather my sweetheart were lo\ing than 

brave ; 
Leave courage for men, but for women are 

The duty of prayers, and the weakness of 
tears. 

*' True love never dooms, with so tranquil a 

pride, 
Its object to danger"; she clung to my side. 
All the patriot blood to her face leaped like 

flame — 
"True love, O, my life! cannot clasp hands 

with shame. 

" Our star-spangled flag shall not trail in the 

dust. 
Live for me if you can — die for that if you 

must 1 
God make me a widow before I am wife, 
If I prize not your honor as more than your 

life." 

Still further to try her, I took from its place 
Her gift; the proud glow faded out of her 

face. 
" Excuse me, my dear, if your love's so 

divine 
That it climbs quite beyond the discernment 

of mine. 

" For your gift, many thanks! tie it there at 
your waist; 

I have seen tlie same colors, much more to 
my taste, 

111 a ditlereiit sliape." Oh! her scorn, her 
suriirise. 

Oh! the lightning that glowed in her beauti- 
ful eyes. 

And after the lightning flashed, torrents of 

rain. 
And her voice smote my heart, silvershar]i 

with its pain. 
"O traitor'" she cried, "may the Father 

above 
Cast you out from His presence as 1 Irom 

my love ! 

May the land you desert never yield you a 

grave. 
Or heaven claim the soul of so craven a 

slave ! 
Kalse to Freedom" — I caught the llerce 

words from her lips. 
And kissed the wet eyes into sudden eclipse. 

"Nay, listen, dear love, to my pica," 1 

replied, 
" And spare me the rest of your anger and 

pride; 
May (iod deal by me, as in purpose and deed 
Ity my country I deal in this hour of her 

need! 



" lint the mouth that touched mine Just a 

moment ago, 
These little, soft hands, that are colder than 

snow. 
These eyes, rayed like stars, that my kis.ses 

have pressed, 
Are the red, white, and blue in the shape I 

love best." 

( 111, dearer than life is the badge that I wear, 
With its stars knit of gold from ray lady- 
love's hair! 
No traitor shall gather my tri-colored rose, 
K.xcept through my heart — the red soil 
where it grows. 

Ciod bless my dear country, and save her 

from spoil. 
From the greedy home vultures that blacken 

her soil ; 
In the name of these colors, all colors above. 
The lips, hands, and eyes of the woman I 

love! 



The Capitol Bakery. 

We clip from the Washington Bepubli- 
c.nn tlie following description of the 
bakery in the Capitol. It will be seen 
that tlie principal men connected with 
it are from Massachusetts: — 

'■ Yesterday morning we paid a visit to 
the government bakery, in the basement 
of the Capitol building, and were mudi 
surprised iit the sights tliat ^^ e tliere saw. 
On entering the lower door, immediately 
behind the'fountaiu, we found ourselves 
in the presence of the indefatigable 
superintendent, Lieut. T. J. Cate, for- 
merly of the Sixth Massachusetts regi- 
ment^, but now of the Sixteenth regiment 
United States infantry, who was busily 
employed, as well as "his two able clerks 
and assistants, Messrs. W. TI. Mitchell 
and <!. (i. Merrill, of Lawrence, Mass. 
We, however, secured the services of a 
friend, and commenced our tour of iu- 
sjiection. 

"We first visited the vault under the 
rotunda, which is used as a storeroom 
for the immense (piantity of flour which 
is daily being received. The wagons 
ar(> ciinstantlV keep busy delivering 
their loads uiider the eastern portico, 
from whence the barrels are rolled into 
the vault. Wlienever the flour is needed, 
il, is sliiled down to the floor below. 
The amount of flour constantly in this 
room is lietween four and ciglit thou- 
Siind barrels. 

" lietracing our steps, we came again 
to the vicinity of the fountain, where 
we found eight ovens in full o]ier;ition, 
turning out twenty thousand loaves of 
lire.id every twenty-four hours. The 
tiread is of the best quality, and each 
loaf weighs twenty-two ounces. There 
are forty li:ikers" employed at these 
ovens, w"ho liiive on one or two occa- 
sions, wlieii pressed, run out twenty- 
four tliousand loaves per day. 

'•,\djacent to these ovens are two 
rooms, — one on each side of the en- 
trance, — from which the bread is de- 
livered. It may not be uninteresting to 
know I lie form in use. When tlie requi- 
sition is sent by a quartermaster to the 
Subsistence deiiartnient at Itie post-office, 
for tli<' rations for his regiment, an or- 
der is drawn for the bre;id on Lieutenant 
Cate, to whom the driver of tlie wagon 
presents it, and is furnislied witli a 



ticket, which is handed in at the delivery 
window, and the bread Is forthwith 
passed out on smooth boards to the 
wagon. 

"The mess-room and the kitchen are 
also on this floor, and the hands, to the 
number of oue hundred and sixty, here 
take their meals. This department is 
superintended by Mr. Levi M. Pierce, 
formerly of the'Eighth Massadiusetts 
regiment; and the cleanly appearance 
observable, as well as the well-catered 
meals set out, give indisputable evidence 
that he ' can keep a hotel.' 

"Outside of the building, in the vaults 
heretofore used for the stowing of fuel, 
we find six double- sized ovens liuilt, 
employing ten bakers each, and capable 
of turning out forty thousand loaves 
per day, but at preseiit averaging thirty 
thousand. Near by are two other rooms, 
in which eight men are constantly em- 
ployed in making yeast, of which about 
fourteen hundred "and fifty gallons are 
made per day. 

"The bakers are ;ill under the forman- 
ship of Mr. John II. Sowersby, a baker 
of seventeen years" experience, and for- 
merly of Bond's celebrated bakery at 
Wilmington, Mass. 

"The total number of jiersons about 
the establishment is one hundred :ind 
sixty, of which about one hundred are 
employed in baking bread, thirteen de- 
livering it, eight making yeast, six in 
the cook-room, six splitting wood, four 
in the storeroom, three watchmen, 
twelve teamsters, and the others as 
clerks, runners, and extra hands. Of 
the whole number employed, about fifty 
are from the North, thc^ balance being 
our own citizens. 

"The pay-roll for the last month 
amounted to over -SOOOO. The hands are 
divided into four classes, the best of 
which get .§42 per month, with rations, 
and inferior ones $3.j, $38, and .^40 each. 

"Too much yiraise can not b<' awarded 
til Lieutenant Cate, to whose judgment 
and experience much of the success of 
the liakery is due. 

"The e.stablishment is attached to the 
Subsistence department, of which Major 
Beckwith, assisted by Lieut. S. C. Green, 
A. A. C. S., has charge. 

"The depot, to which tlie bakery is 
attached, is in the post-ollice building, 
from whence the troops now on tliis 
side of the river receive all their sup- 
plies, excepting bread, which is pro- 
cured from here or oue of the other 
minor bakeries, of which there are 
some eight or ten in the city."" 



At the raising of a liberty-jiole and 
national flag in Salisbury, Conn., a few 
days ago, the great crowd of jieopje took 
the following solemn oath: "With up- 
lifted hands and solemn brow, in the 
presence of Almighty (iod, we swear 
eternal fidelity to that" flag. We pledge 
ourselves to God ;iud to each other to 
protect and defend i( against all enemies, 
at all times, in all iilaces, .-11111 under all 
circumstaiu'cs, with the last dollar of 
our money and tlie l;ist droji of our 
blood."' 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR 



81 



BULL RUN! 



THE LATE BATTLE. 



£*s>.ots, Xxxoictexits, eto. 



Tlie war correspondents furnish a great 
variety of interesting facts and incidents 
concerning the great battle on Sunday, 
from ■ttiiicli we make a selection. The 
following are from the New York Com- 
mercial ■ — 

llrave Kunaways. 

The scenes of yesterday will long be 
remembered here. Amid a drenching 
rain our troops came into the city, some 
shoeless, hatless, coatless, and appar- 
ently in the most wretched condition. 
They all had wonderful stories to relate, 
some of tlieiu modestly claiming to have 
shot at least seven Confederate troops. 
Most of those who arrived in the city in 
the earlj' part of yesterday, excepting 
the wounded, were, according to their 
own story, the last to leave the tield of 
battle ; but by some process known only 
to themselves they were the first to ar- 
rive in this city. 

A "Western Colonel. 

A colonel of a Western regiment, it is 
currently reported, left his men on the 
field, jumped into a private carriage, 
drew his revolver ujion the driver, and 
commanded him to drive on, leaving be- 
hind those who had hired the coach. 
Upon being interrogated at Fairfax as 
to ^\here liis regiment was, the brave 
colonel informed his friend that he sup- 
posed they had "all gone to h — . " 
General Scott is pained beyond descrip- 
tion at the conduct of the officers iu 
command of our forces. 

The men fought nobly, as did also 
most of the subordinate officers. 

Kravery of the New York Fire Zouaves 
and Sixtj'-nintli Kegiinent. 

The conduct of the regiments from 
the city of New York engaged in the 
battle of Bull Run was exceedingly 
fine. The Fire zouaves and Sixtj'-niuth 
had hand-to-liand combats with the ene- 
my. The zouaves rushed in upon the 
enemy like wild men ruiniing to a fire. 
They' slew in every direction, paying 
their respects to the Louisiana zouaves, 
who were "badly used up." A regi- 
ment of cavalry then attacked the zou- 
aves, when a frightful scene ensued. 
Au e3'e-witness informs me it was the 
most terrible conflict imaginable. The 
zouaves killed nearly all the two hun- 
dred and eighty. Their horses were 
taken, and were sold for from 25 cents 
to .$1 each. 

The Sixty-ninth regiment. Colonel 
Corcoran, were so eager for the fray 
that they divested themselves of all su- 
l)erfluous wearing apparel, and bare- 
footed and with bare arms, went into 
battle. They charged upon a battery 
and were repulsed. They tried it a sec- 
ond time, and met with the same fate. 
The third endeavor, on their part, marked 



the undaunted determination of the regi- 
ment as they pressed forward and with 
yells and shouts of defiance planted the 
Stars an<l Stripes on the battery, which 
they held for upwards of halt an hour. 
But, worn out, hungry, thirsty, and 
over-powered by five to one, the gallant 
Sixty-ninth were forced to abandon the 
battery, taking good care, however, to 
retain their banner. 

Kxi>luit of a Ne^v Hampshire Wagon 
Master. 

1 met a teamster going toi\-ard Centre- 
ville, who said he was wagon master of 
the New Hampshire regiments, riding 
towards his teams at full gallop from 
the battle-field. He carried iu his hand 
two cavalry sabers and pistols. I asked 
him where he came from, and he said, 
exultingly, " Hang them, 1 "ve killed 
two of the cusses already, and now my 
horse is worn out. I am going to get a 
fresli horse and go back to tight them 
with their own cheese-knives, after my 
boys bring their wagons in a safer 
place."' He went back, ami the way he 
slashed aliout Viith what he termed a 
"cheese-knife" was fearful. This one 
man must have killed five or six men, or 
at least terribly wounded them. 

A Fire Zouave I'layiaig; 'I*ossuni. 
The Fire zouaves have demonstrated 
that they are composed of the best ma- 
terial, and that their prowess has not 
been underrated. One of them feigned 
to be dead, lying flat on his face. From 
a distance, through my field glass, I 
could notice him occasionally moving 
his head sideways. All at once a se- 
cession cavalry oflicer, riding a sjiliMidid 
gray horse, came up and contcmptu- 
ousiy passed the supi)Osed slain zouave, 
when the latter raised his head and then 
liis rifle and brought the ofiicer to the 
ground like a squirrel. The zouave 
coolly turned about and resumed his 
former position. 

Activity of the Surgeons. 

Surgeons were on the ground from all 
parts of the country. Doctor Hall, of 
Cincinnati, Doctor Mayer, of Chicago, 
Doctor Mundy, of Staten island, and 
Doctors Slocuni and King, of Boston, 
were particularly active among the 
wounded in the thickest of the fight. 
One surgeon, while dressing the wounded 
leg of a soldier on the field, had his arm 
dreadfully shattered. 

The West Point Battery. 

The report that the West Point bat- 
tery, consisting of eight 32-pounders, 
were captured by the Rebels at the battle 
of Bull Run, is unfounded. An officer 
who participated in the battle assures us 
that the battery above mentioned was 
not in the action at all. Lieutenant 
Haynes' " Long Tom " is also safe, 
having been taken from the field by its 
efficient commander. We are informed 
that a teamster was engaged in cutting 
the traces of the leading team to riui 
away, when Lieutenant Haynes killed 
the coward on the spot. 

Negi'oes in the Kehel Army. 

The New Y^ork Post's coi-respondent 
says : — 



Hon. Kennedy Marshall, of Pittsburgh, 
who was in the forest near Bull Run in 

the conflict, saw six slaves, who said 
they escaped from a Rebel batter}-. They 
declared that the Rebels have very large 
numbers of Negroes at Manassas Junc- 
tion, who were compelled to work upon 
the fortifications and worked some of 
the batteries. They fell trees and act as 
the waiters upon the better class of 
white soldiers in the Rebel army. They 
assured Mr. Marshall that these slaves 
knew very well the cause of the war, 
and were seeking an opportunity to es- 
cape to the Federal lines. It requires, 
they say, au equal number of white men 
to watch the Negroes. 

The Scene in Congress — Mr. Crittenden. 

The scene presented by the Senate and 
House of Representatives is indescrib- 
abte. The gloom hung like a jjall over 
both houses, and no one seemetl to have 
the heart to transact the public business. 
No one seemed to feel this more than 
Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky. When he 
rose on Monday morning he asked, 
"Well, what further newsV He had 
gone to bed under the delusion that the 
Federal army had triumphed. " We are 
routed — utterly routed," was the reply 
to his question. The old man started 
back in astonishment, and when the facts 
were brought before him he went back, 
sat down, and i)uttiug his head down 
upon his hands burst into tears. I saw 
him that night, and there is no longer 
room for doubt on which siile Mr. Crit- 
tenden's feelings are enlisted. 

liean regard's Plans. 

The correspondent of the Philadel- 
phia Inqnirtr makes the following state- 
ments : — 

From the hints dropped by several 
prisoners, and from the disposition of 
Beauregard's forces, it seems to have 
been a part of his plan on Sunday to 
have Johnston come down with a part 
of his column as far as the Bull Run 
mountain ; and with another part dow'n 
the turnpike from Winchester to Aldie; 
and then, while Beauregard was engag- 
ing McDowell's whole army at Bull 
Run, Johnston to make a forced march 
on the right flank of McDowell by way 
of Fairfax, Vienna, Ball's Cross-roads, 
and then fall upon his rear from Fairfax 
and Centreville. 

Between these two fires Beauregard 
hoped to annihilate McDowell, and then 
to march on to Washington, it has not 
yet transi)ired what it was that pre- 
vented Johnston from fulfilling his part 
of the programme. Had he done so, the 
Rebels would have been in Washington 
to-tiay, and our army would have been 
cut to pieces. H it is owing to General 
Patterson's mananivres that Johnston 
did not efl'ect what Beauregard intended 
him to do, what honors shall not be paid 
to that ofiicer'? 

Coolness of Massachusetts Soldiers. 
During the heat of the engagement 
the men of one of the Massachusetts 
regiments were obsi'rved to fire when- 
ever they couhl see an object at which to 
aim, reload their pieces, and then, rest- 



11 



82 



IXC I DENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



iujv a iiiomcut, cut a cracker, and then 
blaze awav again. One of them said he 
had had no brealdast and felt hungry; 
"but,'" said he, " I gness I "d tire when- 
ever I can see u darned Secesli — there "s 
one now." Just as he spoke, the sun 
glanced on a bright gun-barrel that 
seemed to come up out of the grounil. 
It was a rifleman, in a rifle pit. Instantly 
a blaze of light shot from th>- rifle, and 
a man near the extreme left of the regi- 
ment fell. The eraeker-eater fired at 
the rifleman almost simidtaneously, and 
evidently hit him, for li<' leaped up out 
of his pit, but innuediately dropped back 
into it, throwing his rifle on the grass. 

The KIkkIo I-^laml Troops. 

'I'he I'rovidence Juurnal states that tlie 
regiments from that state began their 
inarch at 1 o'clock Sunday morning, be- 
fore breakfast, went thirteen miles to 
thi' field, fought five hours, and marched 
back thirty-eight miles to Washington 
without rest or food. When the First 
regiment went into the fight, the Rebels 
raised a United States flag, wliich caused 
the Khode Islanders to slacken their fire 
for a while, on the supposition that they 
were tiring on friends. 

The I'aiiic. 

'I'he Philadelphia North American 
says : — 

•■ A gentleman who left Washington 
on Monday afternoon, informs us of 
some particulars of the retreat from 
Manassas, and the origin of the disaster. 
In publishing his narrative we give some 
facts which are already familiar, but the 
connection of events requires the repeti- 
tion. Our informant is clear-headed, 
not panic-stricken, and is fully compe- 
tent to analyze, compare, ami arrange 
the rei)orts, and what he gives us he re- 
ceived from eye-witnesses, some civil- 
ians and some soldiers. 

It appears that when the weight of 
the Secession force made it necessary to 
fall back, the army wagoners, too confi- 
dent of victory, had so closely followed 
the advaiu'C that it was apiircheiided 
that they would end)arrass the move- 
ments of the troops. Soldiers not then 
in action, fatigued with their long march 
and subsequent share in the engagement, 
were resting in and under the wagons 
and among f he trees. Orders came for 
the wagoners to fall back for a mile; 
the intention being only that they should 
give jilace for the movements of the 
troops. Reserves were ready near Cent re- 
ville, at that point, and at other i)laces. 
Indeed the whole column would have 
been brought into action, but for the 
s\iddcn and most, unhappy retreat. 

The wagoners mistook the onier for a 
confession of ilefcat, and save hiins<'lf 
who can, became the feeling. The fa- 
tigued soldiers, who were out of their 
raidvs and scattered, as above stated, 
shared the panic, and, being under no 
control, acted each for himscdf. The 
civilians hid|>cd the contusion, and the 
rest is known, though our informaiU 
contends, and (dearly shows, more than 
li;ippcncd, and a rout much more disas- 
trous than the real event w.is carried to 
Washington, and thence sent over the 



whole country by the first fugitives, who 
were of course most alarmed. 

At this point of aft'airs occurred that 
incident of the battle which will carry 
grief to lumdreds of firesides in Vir- 
ginia. This part of the battle was 
describe(i to our informant by a gentle- 
man, ;i civilian, who was an unwilling 
and horrified witness of the slaughter. 
The Black Kangers, a company of a 
hundred, formed of Virginia gentlemen 
riding their own horses, came from the 
cover of the Kebel batteries with the 
shout, 'Kill the d — d red ca])s!' The 
zouaves, who were on the point of re- 
treating, faced about and received the 
charge with a vollej- which swept many 
from their saddles. The scattered sol- 
diers at the wayside turned and fired on 
the rangers. The zouaves, their pieces 
being discharged, pulled others of the 
riders from their horsi'S,and finished the 
work of deatli with the bayonet. The 
gentleman who witnessed this, all unused 
to such scenes, describes the fall of these 
riders as a sjjectacle most awful. He 
saw seven only escape, and counted 
them twice." — [Boston Journal. 



A Rebel Song. 

The following, which was sent to this 
office by a gcnlleujan in Lowell who re- 
ceived it from a soldier in McClellan's 
army, was found on the person of a 
Rebel soldier captured by our men in 
Virginia not long ago. It is " Secesh " 
all through, and is much more amusing 
than jiatriotic or poetic : — 

Bull r.uD. 

oil. be easy — do n't you tease mc — 

Wliile I -sinff a l>it of fun ; 
Soldiers flying, niggers crying 

See thcin pusli for Washington. 

Otr tlify scamper— oil, wliat a damper 
To their tender, humane hearts : 

JIuskets dropping, hearts a-tlu-obblng, 
Bodies left Ijehind in carts. 

Lee 's a-coming ! Ilark, the dramming ; 

Fly, you hireling, Hessian knaves; 
lie will seourge you, he will purge you; 

Kun, yon dirty Lincoln slaves. 

.Johnston's mettle will make you settle 
Down into just and upright men, 

]f you promise for tlie future 
Not to take up arms again. 

Oil, wliat sorrow on the morrow 
When you llnd your knapsack gone, 

IJi-rad and w:Uer — wliat yon fougllt for — 
You 'II not lind in Washington. 

Despised as traitors, lirotlier-haters, 
You shall bear the mark of Cain; 

Foolisti gunni-rs, llrst-rate runners; 
.Shed your Ijiotlier's blooil lor gain. 

Shame will crown yon, tcarswill drown you 

Of the miseiy you have made; 
l*eaee will leave'you, conscience grieve yon, 

Dupes of Al»nim Lincoln's raid. 

Oil, be easy — do n't you teas<; me, 

I have Sling you all' tlie joke ; 
Seclliein coining — see them runningi 

lU'avens ! — stre tlic awful sinolte ! 

— [Lowell Courier. 



The Dying Soldier. 

I A subscriljer sends us the following adap- 
tation of tlie metre of Mrs. Norton's " liingen 
tlie Hhiue" to ii theme of to.day — ilescrip- 
live, very nearly, so tin: one who eoiitriliules 
it tells us, of the fate of a young .New York 



volunteer, " as brave a fellow as the war has 
protiueert " ;— ] 

A soldier of the armv lay dying at Bull Kun, 
Oh, the feast ot death was dreadful in that hot 

and Ijii riling sun. 
No niotlier's fond devotion, and no sister's 

earnest i>rayer. 
Betokened that a mother's or a sister's hand 

was there ; 
But a comrade knelt beside him, witli his 

bended head full low — 
'T is ever thus the bravest will feel compas- 
sion's How — 
And he listen'd to the murmur, as the blood 

gusli'd from his side, 
" My home is by the Hudson, the Hudson's 

rolling tide." 

" To my brothers and companions, when they 

crowd around, my mate, 
.Speak ligtitly of mj- agony, precisely of my 

fate ; 
'T is not the fear of dying, but I cannot all 

control 
This dizziness and weakness, this faintness 

of the soul ; 
Still, never must they know it — I would that 

tliey should feel 
In death, as in my life, my heart was temper'd 

like my steel, 
Ttie steel my brothers gave me and hung 

upon my side, 
As we parted on the Huilson, the Hudson's 

swelling title. 

"Tell my father when you see him, with his 

sad and tearful eye. 
I died the death he pray'd for me, the death I 

long'd to die. 
With my gaze uponour standard, my weapon 

to tl'K.' foe. 
And a wild hurrah of ecstasy, I met the wel- 
come blow ; 
Oh, mitigate his sorrow, it will give his an- 

guisli rest 
To know my foe's endeavor fell squarely on 

my breast — 
Wliere else could traitors strike me? for I 

was nurs'd lieside 
The niemoriesof Hudson, of Hudson's storied 

tide. 

" Should he ask you for mementos of the 

ghastly fieUl of dread. 
Look on the corpse beside me, and tell him 

that I s.iid 
The hand that pressed me .sorelj-, and the 

hand that wrought my doom. 
Lies colder than the stones that flag the por. 

tals to the tomb; 
We closed, with breath suspended, and with 

eye to eye on tire. 
I know not what were in his thoughts, but 

mine were on my sire, 
My sire, whose father battled, and who bravely 

fell, beside 
The waters of the Hudson, the Hudson's crim- 

son'd tide. 

" Break gently to my mother these tidings of 

her boy : 
Great God 1 that he should ever break her 

heart, who was her joy I 
She little thought, when tears ran o'er upon 

my wayward head. 
How sterner were tile griefs in store forme, 

her early dead; 
Tell tier the last words on my lip, the last tear 

in my eye. 
Were all for her, my mother's grief, ray 

mother's agony. 
Were all for her, whose sighs will break, as 

years shall onward glide. 
Like the waters of the Hudson, the Hudson's 

mournful tide. 

" And one is there, a maiden, God bless her 

trusting heart! 
'T is bitter thus to leave her, 't is bitter thus to 

part ; 
Long, long ago we plighted our hands lor 

evermore. 
Ill the early days of sunshine, in those happy 

days of yore; 
With niy sword from out its scabbard cut this 

lock* above my brow 
As a token to my loved one— 'tis all that's 

left her now ; 
God save her darling image, I can see it still 

beside 
The waters of the Hudson, the Hudson's 

glassy tide. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



83 



'* One moment more, my comrade; have you 

heard the words I 've said? 
Unclasp tliis sword around me, and lay back 

my achinji head. 
My blade is for your valor, and my purse is 

for your need, 
1 would the blow that laid me low had spared 

mv faithful steed; 
But fly, before the vultures of the caiup are 

o'er the dead. 
Fly, with the words I give you, the words that 

I have said, 
And hasten to my loved ones, who watch and 

pray beside 
The waters of the Hudson, the Hudson's 

solemn tide." 

His comrade listen'd breathless, but no iiuir- 

mur caught he more, 
Naught broke the solemn stillness but the 

cannon's sullen roar; 
One faint and childlike tremor, one convul- 
sion of his hanil, 
And the brave youth had departed to the 

distant spirit-land. 
No monument above him, and no marble's 

page to bear 
To the dim and distant future that a noble boy 

lies there, 
But the winds shall breathe his requiem, the 

same that oft have sigh'd 
A dirge for the departed, o'er Hudson's 

changeless tide. 



General Butler's Letter. 

A wish has been expressed that we 
publish Gen. B. F. Butler's letter to the 
Secretary of AVar, and we do so, that 
his words may %o on record in our coi- 
iimus. It is an important document, and 
will undoubtedly be many times referred 
to hereafter : — 

IlEAD-QnARTERS DEPARTMENT OF VIRGINIA, \ 

Fortress Monroe, July 30, 1861. ( 
Hon. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War: 

5ir, — By an order received on the morning 
of the '26th of July from Major-general Dis, 
by a telegi'aphic order from Lieutenant-gen- 
eral Scott, 1 am commanded to forward, of 
the troops of this department, four regiments 
and a half, including Colonel Baker's Califor- 
nia regiment, to \Vashing1on, via Baltimore. 
This order reached me at 2 o'clock, a. m., by 
special boat from Baltimore. Believing that 
it emanated because of some pressing exi- 
gency for the defense of Washington, I issued 
my orders before daybreak for the embark- 
ation of the troops, sending those who were 
among the very best regiments I had. In the 
course of the following day they were all 
embarked for Baltimore, with the" exception 
of some four hundred for wiiom I had not 
transportation, although 1 hud all the trans- 
port force in the hands of the Quartermaster 
here, to aid the Bay line of steamers which, 
by the orderfrom the Lieutenant-general, was 
directed to furnish transportation. Up to and 
at the time of the order I had been prej^ariug 
for an advance movement by which I hoped 
to cripple the resources of the enemy at 
Yorktown, and especially by seizing a large 
quantity of Negroes who were being pressed 
into their service in building the intrench- 
ments there. I had five days previously been 
enabled to mount for the first time, the first 
company of light artillery, which 1 had been 
empowered to raise, and they had but a single 
rifled cannon, an iron 6-pounder. Of course 
every thing must and did yield to the sup- 
posed exigency and orders. This ordering 
away the troops from this department, while 
it weakened the posts at Newport News, ne- 
cessitated the withdrawal of the troops from 
Hampton, where I was then throwing up in- 
trenched works to enable mc to hold the town 
with a small force, while I had advanced up 
the York or James river. In the village of 
Hampton there were a large number of Ne- 
groes, composed in a great measure of women 
and children of the men who had fled thither 
within my lines for protection, who had es- 
caped from marauding parties of the Rebels, 
who had been gathering up able-bodied blacks 
to help them in constructing their batteries 
on the James and York i-ivers. I had em- 
ployed the men in Hampton in throwing up 
intrenchments, and they were working zeal- 



ously and efficiently at that duty, saving our 
soldiers from tliat labor under the gleam of a 
mid-day sun. The women wex'e earning sub- 
stantially their own subsistence in washing, 
marketing, and taking care of the clothes of 
the soldiers, and rations were being served 
out to the men who worked for the support of 
the children. But \}y the evacuation! of 
Hampton, rendered uecessary by the with- 
drawal of troops, leaving me scarcely five 
thousand men outside the fort, including the 
force at Newport News, all these black people 
were obliged to break up their homes at 
Hampton, fleeing across the creek within my 
lines for protection and sujiport. 

Indeed it was amostdistressingsight to see 
these poor creatures, who had trusted to the 
protection of the arms of the X'nited states, 
and who aided the troops of the United States 
in their enterprise, to be thus obliged to rh'c 
from their homes, the homes of their mas- 
ters, who had deserted them and become now 
fugitives from fear of the return nf the Rebel 
soldiery, who had threatened to shoot the men 
who had wrought for us, and to carry olTthe 
women who had served us to a worse than 
Egj'^litian bondage. I have, thoreft)re, now 
within the Peninsula, this side of Hampton 
creek, 900 Negroes, 300 of whom arc able- 
bodied men, 30 of whom are men substan- 
tially past hard labor, 17iJ women. -Ji.'. children 
under the age often years, and J70 betwci-n 
ten and eighteen, and many more coming in. 
The questions whicli this state of facts pre- 
sents are very embarrassing. 

First. What 'shall be done witli them? and 
second, What is their state and condition? 

Upon these questions I desire the instruc- 
tions of the Department. 

The first question, however, may perhaps 
be answered by considering the "last. .\re 
these men, women, ami children slaves? Are 
they free? Is their condition thatof men, wo- 
men, and children, or of property, or is it a 
mixed relation? What their .sCrt^ws was uuder 
the constitution and laws, we all know. 
What has been the elfect of rebellion and a 
state of warupon that status'i When I adopted 
the theory of treating the able-bodied Ne- 
gro flt to work in the trenches, as property 
liable to be used in aid of rebellion, and so 
contrabanil of war, that condition of things 
was in so far met as I then and still heliev(;, 
on a legal and constitutional basis. But now 
a new series of questions arise. Passing by 
women, the children certainly can not be 
treated on that basis; if property, they nnist 
be considered the incumbrance, rather than 
the auxiliary, of an army, and, of course, in no 
possible legal relation^ could be treated as 
contraband. Are they property? If they were 
so. they have been left by their masters and 
owners, deserted, thro%vu away, abandoned, 
like the wrecked vessels upon the ocean. 
Their former possessors and owners have 
carelessly, traitorously, rebelliously, and 1<> 
carry out the figure, practically, aljandiim-d 
them to be swallowed up by the winter .slurru 
ot starvation. If property, do they not be- 
come the property of the salvors? But we, 
their salvors, do not need ami will not hold 
such property and will assume no such owner- 
yhip; has not, therefore, all proprietary re- 
lation ceased? Have they not become there- 
upon men. women, and children? No longer 
under ownership of any kind, the fearful rel- 
ics of fugitive masters, have they not by their 
masters' acts and the state of war, assumed 
the condition which we hold to be the normal 
one. of those made in God's image? Is not 
every constitutional, legal, and moral re- 
quirement, as well as to the runaway master 
as their relinquished slaves, thus answereti? 
1 confess that my own mind is compelled by 
this reasoning to look upon them as men and 
women. If not free-born, yet free, manumit- 
ted, sent foith from the hand that held them, 
never to be reclaimed. 

Of course, if this reasoning thus imperfectly 
set forth is correct, my duty as a humane man 
is very plain. I should take the same care of 
these men, women, and children, houseless, 
homeless, and unprovided for. as I would of 
the same number of men, women. an<lchi hi ren. 
who for their attachment to the Unioii had 
been driven or allowed to flee from the Con- 
federate States. I should have no doubt on 
this question, had I not seen it stated that an 
order had been issued by General McDowell 
in his department, substantially forbidding 
all fugitive slaves from coming within his 
lines, or being harbored there. Is that onler 



to be enforced in all military departments? 
Ifso, who are to be considered Vugitive slaves? 
Is a slave to be considered fugitive, whose 
master runs away and leaves him? Is it for- 
bidden to the troops to aid or harbor within 
their lines the Negro children who are found 
therein, or is the soldier, when his march has 
destroyed their means of subsistence, to allow 
them to starve because he has driven otf tlie 
Rebel master? Now shall the commander of 
a regiment or battalion sit in judgment upon 
the question, whether any given black nnin 
has tied from his nnister, or his master Med 
from him? IucUmmI. how are the free-born to 
be distinguished ? Is one any more or less a 
fugitive slave becausi' he hns hiboi-ed upon 
the Rebel intreiichmcnis? Ifhehassolaboreti, 
if I understaml it, he is to he liarborcil. By 
the reception of which, are the Rebels nn>st 
to be distressed, by laliing thost; wh<) have 
wi'ought all their" Rel>cl masters desired, 
masked their hatt<'ries. or those who have re- 
fuset] to labor and left the Italtery unmasked? 

1 have very decider! ojiitiions upon tlie sub- 
ject of this order. It does not become mc^ to 
criticise it, ami I wrote in no spirit of ci'iti- 
cism. but simply to explain tin; full dillKadtics 
that surround "the enlorcing it. If the (en- 
forcement of that onler beconms lb<^ policy 
of the government. I, as a soldier, shall be 
bound to enforce it steadfastly, if not cheer- 
fully. But if left to my own discretion, as you 
may have gathered" from n>j' reasoning, 1 
should take a widely dilb-rent course from 
that which it indicates 

In a loyal state I would put down a servile 
insurrection. In a state of rebellion I would 
confiscate that which was used to oppose my 
arms, and take all that property which consti- 
tuted the wealth of that state and furnishe*llhe 
means by which the war is prosecuted, be- 
sides being the cause of the war; and if in so 
doing it shouhJ be objected that human be- 
ings were brought to the free enjoyment of 
their life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi- 
ness, such objection ought not to require 
much consideration. 

Pardon me for addressing the Secretary of 
Wardirectly upon thisquestion,asit involves 
some political considerations as well as pro- 
priety of military action. 

" I am, sir, vour obedient servant, 

BKNJAMIN F. BUTLER. 

— [Lowell Daily Courier. 



The Land of the Free. 

nV .nHIN !I(M.1,ANI). 

When the eagle ascends on his cloud-cleaving 
pinions. 
He sweeps from the gaze through the ether 
so blue ; 
When the meteor descemlsfrom its starry do- 
minions; 
Lik(? a dream of the night it departs from 
the view ; 
But the star of Columbia, in glory ascending, 
Shall beacon tht; nations nid)orn in tludr 
glee. 
And the anthems of freedom, melodiously 
blending. 
Shall flee like the winds o'er the land of the 
free. 

How glorious the nation has waked from its 
dreaming. 
In splendor arrayed that ne'er crowned it 
before, 
And the Star-spangled Banner in majesty 
streaming, 
By millions is echoed Irom mountain to 
shore ; 
It rides like the tempest, majesticallj' sweep- 
ing; 
It glides like the starlight that silvers the 
lea ; 
It surges and swells, like the wild billows 
leaping, 
And hovers like bliss o'er the land of the 
free. 

Our leaders are swayed by the accents of 
glory— 
The metnorics of ages are waked by a 
sound — 
New buoyancy leaps in the heart of the hoary, 
And youth with the wisdom of ages is 
crowned. 
The voice of a nation uniy hiTiguish in slum- 
bers. 
Like a heart that reclines on oblivion'stree, 



84 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Yet, a moment may call forth tlic doptlis of its 
numbers, 
And scatter its sweets o'er the land of the 
free. 

Like streams from the mountains our heroes 
assemble. 
With ttaze that is fixed upon Liberty's star; 
On the breezes of freedom their proud stream- 
ers trendjle, 
Their standard emblazoned with Union 
afar ; 
And woe to the traitors shall meet them in 
motion. 
When, tierce as tiie tempest that scourges 
the sea, 
They pour forth their vengence, their wrath, 
and devotion. 
And victory presides o'er the land of tlie 
free. —[Boston Journal. 



Army Hymn. 

Tine— "Did Hundred." 
<) Lord of Hosts! Almighty Iving! 
Heboid the sacrifice we bring! 
To every arm Thy strength impart, 
Thy .Spirit slied through every heart! 

Wake in our breasts the living tires, 
Thy holy faith that warmed our sires; 
Thy hand hath ra.uic our Nation free; 
To die for her is serving Thee. 

Be Thou a pillai-ed Hame to show 
The nddnight snare, the silent foe; 
And when the battle thunder.s loud, 
still guitlc us in its moving cloud. 

God of all Nations! Sovereign Lord! 
In Thy dread name wc draw the sword, 
We lift the starry flag on high. 
That tills with light our stormy sky. 

From treason's rent, from murtler's stain, 
Guard TlKiu its fold still peace shall reign- 
Till fort and lield, till shore and sea, 
.loin our loud anthem, Pi!.\isk to Thee! 

OLIVEK W. HOLMES. 



The Volunteer's Mother. 

He is my boy, my only boy; 

His father died long" years gone by; 
And little have, I known of joy 

liut gazing on his dark brown eye. 
'T is lighted now with higher glow — 
His country calls him ! let him go! 

He never grieved me; tentler, kind, 
.Strong, loving; full of hope and grace; 

My life was in his own entwined, 
Mj^ heart but mirrored back his face. 

With stern resolve lie seeks the foe;— 

His country calls him! let him go! 

How often h.ave I sat beside 

Him sleeping; clustering round his head. 
Those rich brown locks, my praise, my pride. 

And now tlie earth must be his IxmI.* 
' T is wrong to grieve for this, I know, 
His coimtry calls him! let hint go! 

Ah, in how many hearts this strife 
Is waged by prayer, by jirayer is won ; 

Thert! is the worn]* tlu; Ii"r(r, the knife. 
And lor 111 e saeri lice — our son ! 

'T would kill me if he fell; but, no! 

His country calls him ! let him go ! 

For God, who gave our land so blest, 
Would have us guard it — heart and home 

Give up their best at such behest; 
The gulf was closed in heathen Rome 

AVith one. young warrior — weal or woe. 

His country calls him ; let him go ! 

- [New York Kvening Post. 



The Youug Volunteer's Good-bye. 

I'.V HAL. J. ELLIOT. 

Come up to my little chamber, mother, 
Come and bless me before 1 sleep, 

' T is the last night 1 'II be here, you know, 
And it will do me good to weep. 

1 have said goodbye to the rest, mother, 

I have parted with all but you, 
And the great, hot tears fell thick and fast. 

But the words that we spoke were few. 

And my heart aches with the parting, mother, 
" God bless you ! " was all that they said. 

With tpiivering lips, and wistful eyes, 
.Vs tho ' I were alreadj' dead. 

So come to my little chamber, tnother. 

As you used to come long ago. 
When the twilight shades were gathering. 

And the West was all aglow. 

You remember those hallowed times, mother, 
When we used to kneel side by side. 

While you prayed to God so earnestly, 
That'your little boy sobbed and cried. 

I want you to pray with me now, mother, 
With your arms wound around me tight. 

Tray God to protect and keep uie safe, 
And to make me brave in the flght. 

This war is a horiible thing, mother, 

I shudder to think of it so, 
The visions of blood swept p.ast my brain. 

Till my sold seems flooded with woe. 

But my country calls for me now, mother, 

It calls for me almost liy name. 
And I can not stay at hoiiie in peace. 

When her flag is trampled in shame. 

I shall flght to the very death, mother, 
For our cause is righteous, I know, 

I shall flght till the Stars and Stripes once more 
Float as pure and spotless as snow. 

So pray to God with your whole soul, mother, 

As yon used in days gone by — 
And it will not shame ray manhood now. 

If I lean on your breast and cry. 

If I come back to you again, mother. 
You '11 be glad Twent to the flght. 

For a victor's crown upon my brow 
Win answer your prayer to-night. 

If I fall on the field of battle, mother, 
You will know I died for the Right, 

And your heart will be glad while you weep, 
Wlien you think of our good-bye, to-night. 

Now here in my little chamber, mother. 
With my head pillowed on your breast, 

I '11 whisper my last good-bye to you. 
And prayerfully go to my rest. 

I 'm ofT with the early sunrise, mother, 

I shall leave you all asleep — 
There are stirring times ahtjad for us all, 

1 have no more time to weep. 

Bl.vckstone, MA.SS., July, 1861. 

— [Boston Journal. 



Tennessee. — In Tennesaee, Senator 
Jolinsoii still (lonounccs .Secession. Par- 
son Hrowiilow says in llie Kiioxville 
WhUj : " We are for thi' Union as it i.s, 
fir.st; for a Ixmler-state Confederacy 
next; and for tlic Soulheni Confederacy 
never, in any contingency or under any 
circumstances that may arise." 



The Eighth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment. — The .services of General Butler 
and this regiment are deservino; of special 
recognition. General Hutler seems to 
h.ave fully comprehended his position, 
and to have .•issnmed the responsibility 
of taliiii;; prom|it and energetic meas- 
ures to " hold, possess, and occupy" the 
routes from Annapolis to the .lunction. 
The hardy and ingenious fellows who 
compose the regiment were c(|ually well 
fitted for the work which fell to them. 
No other regiment probably could have 
been so admirably suited to the emer- 
gency. Those sturdy and ready me- 
chanics were not to be nonplussed by 
such obstacles as the tearing u)! of rails 
and the ungearing of the machinery of a 
locomotive. The curing of such troubles 



was but a diversion to them on their way 
to Washington. The Pittstield company 
showed themselves equally ready in cut- 
ting out the receiving ship in Baltimore 
harbor. Two companies of the regiment 
also guarded the Constitution on her way 
to New York from Annajjolis with the 
midshipmen of the naval school on board. 
The first week's service of the Eighth 
Massachusetts regiment has been of the 
highest value. — [Providence Journal. 



Mustering Out of the Eighth Regi- 
ment — Touching Scene in the Hol- 
low Square. 

Just before the time arrived for the 
regiment to be mustered out of the ser- 
vice, Colonel Hinks formed his com- 
mand into a hollow square, and made a 
very afl'ecting speech to his men, which 
was repeatedly aiijilauded and cheered. 

He said he had asked them to go to no 
place where he was not willing to lead 
them. ['• That "s so," said the men, with 
a will.] lie was particularly compli- 
mentary to the .Salcm zouaves, who had 
done, as he said, the most efficient ser- 
vice. He gave his right baud to Cap- 
tain Deveraux, and addressed him per- 
sonally, with much feeling, and did the 
same to Captain Kichardson. Tho last 
words of Colonel Hinks, in the hollow 
square, were, "Richard "s himself again." 

As he finished bis remarks to his com- 
mand, he dismounted, and the whole 
regiment gave him three rousing cheers. 

I'lie regiment was then brought into 
line, W'hen the commissioned officers sur- 
rounded the group, and he said a few 
words to them, bade them good-bj'C, and 
shook each one by the hand. His last 
words were " God bless you." There 
were few dry eyes among the group. 

Prior to the above. Colonel Hinks sug- 
gested that some one be appointed to 
write the history of the regiment during 
its three months of campaign. The name 
of Ben : Perley Poore was suggested, and 
he was unanimou.sly appointed. 

Mayor \Vightman made a brief address 
to the officers in which he alluded in 
eloquent language to the services of the 
Eighth, and said Boston would ever re- 
member them. 

The comiianies were then mustered 
out of the service and dismissed. They 
will be jiaid off" as soon as the necessary 
paiiers can be made out. The i)arting 
scenes on the common will ever be fresh 
in the minds of all the command of 
Colonel Hinks. 

The following letter was addressed to 
the Colonel by Governor Andrew, his 
excellency not being able, on account 
of ill health, to be present on the com- 
mon : — 

COlimONWEALTH OF JIASSACHUSETTS. 

Executive Department, j 

Boston, Aug. 1, 1861. j 

To Colonel Hinks, Cominanrtcr of the Eighth 

regiment lyiassaehiisetts \'oluntt;er Militia: 

Coh^iKrl,- 1 regret exceedingly that the 

coiulition of my health prohibits me abso- 

lut<dy from meeting you and your gallant 

regiilieut personally to-day, anil expressing 

to you anil them congratulations upon their 

return after .a period of such etflcient service. 

1 can only beg you in my behalf to express 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



85 



how highly I appreciate tlieir invariable good 
conduct, their varied capacity, and the honor 
they have done to the commonwealth. 

I look to the return of such of them as may 
again proceed to the field for a longer term of 
service, as one of tlie surest means of promot- 
ing the efficiency of our volunteer regiments, 
and of maintaining the railit.ary reputation of 
Massachusetts, which they have already done 
so much to estahlish. 

I am faitlifully and sincerely yours, 

JOHX A. ANDREW. 



MILITARY MATTERS, ETC. 



Return of the Sixth Mass, Regiment, 



Grand Reception at Worcester. 



ARRIVAL IN BOSTON. 



An Enthusiastic Greeting. 

The .Sixth regiment of Massachusetts 
Militia, Colouel Joues, who have earned 
forthemselves tlie praise and l)est wishes 
of all loyal citizens of the United .States 
for their promptness at the eoinraence- 
nient of the national troubles, and thfeir 
ever-memorable passage through Balti- 
more, arrived in this city yesterday 
afternoon, and received a iiiost cordial 
greeting from tens of thousands of peo- 
ple. The regiment left the Relay house 
at 6 o'clock on Tuesday morning, arriv- 
ing in Philadelphia at a late hour the 
same day, after a long and tedious jour- 
ney. 

The Kecopfion at "Worcester. 

The train which took the regiment 
from Groton, Conn., to Worcester, reach- 
ed the latter city soon after 11 o'clock. 
There were thousands of people on the 
common in Worcester, waiting for sev- 
eral hours previous to the arrival of the 
train, and upon its approach being an- 
nounced, the enthusiasm was raised to 
the highest pitch. .\s the train stopped 
near the common a salute was fired from 
pieces of cannon near by, which was 
continued for a consideratde time after- 
ward, during the presence of the regi- 
ment. 

As the soldiers disembarked from the 
cars, they were received by an over- 
joyed crowd, who instantly rushed up 
and grasping many of the soldiers by 
hand received them as old acquaint- 
ances, though perhaps they had never 
met before. It was a most exciting 
scene. The intermingling of the bronze- 
faced and hardy-looking soldiers with 
the gathering of ladies and gentlemen, 
shaking hands, and the thousand ques- 
tions were continued for a few moments, 
when the escort arrived, and soon after 
the regiment was formed in column and 
marched through several streets to the 
city hall, where a collation was pre- 
pared. 

Departure from Worcester. 

After a short delay on the common 
the soldiers again entered the cars, and 



at 2 : 30 o'clock the train moved out of 
Worcester amid the deafening cheers of 
the multitude gathered about the com- 
mon. The members of the regiment 
were much pleased witli the warm re- 
ception given tliem at Worcester. 

At Framinghara the train stopped for 
a few moments, and a large gathering of 
people were enthusiastic in their atten- 
tions to the soldiers. A salute was fired 
at this place. 

Arrival and Reception in Boston. 

On arriving at the AVorcester railroad 
depot the regiment was received by a 
very large crowd — assembled inside and 
outside the building — who cheered them 
to the echo. For a time friendly meet- 
ings and congratulations of friends as- 
sumed the control of affairs. After about 
half an hour the line was formed in 
Lincoln and Summer streets — the Second 
battalion, under command of Major New- 
ton, furnishing the escort. Gilmore's 
and the regimental band furnished the 
music, and a drum corjjs of nineteen 
persons attached to the regiment gave 
the time. 

The Daughter of the Reerinieiit. 

The great center of populjir observa- 
tion as the column came in view was the 
" Daughter of the Kegimeut,'' as she 
rode along in her fine imiform of red, 
white, and blue, with her silver canteen 
slung by her side. Cheers arose every- 
where along the crowded streets as this 
beautiful child passed at the head of the 
column. She rode a white steed pro- 
cured for the purpose, and, young as 
she is, exhibited a considerable pro- 
ficiency in horsemanship. She is the 
daughter of Colonel Jones, and was 
adopted by the regiment in the armory 
of the Second battalion on the day the 
regiment left for Washington. The 
colonel has every reason to be proud of 
his daughter, and gratified at the inter- 
est taken in her by his couunand. 

On the Common. 

The arrangements on the common for 
the convenience of the regiment were 
very complete. Nearly the whole of the 
parade grounil was roped in, and a large 
number of policemen, under charge of 
.Sergeant Dunn, were stationed around 
the entire enclosure to prevent a too 
great crowd of interested spectators. 
At the time of the arrival of the regi- 
ment, there was an extraordinarily large 
number of people assembled outside the 
enclosure, but few gained admittance in- 
side, as it was thought desirable to have 
as little impediment to the comfort of 
the soldiers as possible. 

The column arrived inside the enclos- 
ure at about (1 o'clock, and took up its 
position adjoining the Charles-street 
mall. 

The Collation. 

The regiment then stacked their mus- 
kets and were marched across the com- 
mon to the place were the edibles were in 
waiting for them. These were jirejiared 
on ten tables on the Beacon-street mall, 
by .J. B. Smith, under the direction of 
the city government, and all that could 
be desired in quantity and quality. 



A Sociable Time. 
After refreshing themselves at X\\v. 
tables, the soldiers for about three- 
quarters of an hour were allowed to act 
their own pleasure without leaving the 
enclosure, and many of their friends 
were admitted inside. They were soon 
scattered about the parade ground, and 
collected in knots, recounting their va- 
ried experience to the eager listeners. 
The Baltimore troubles, with which the 
name of the Sixth is so closely allied, 
was the principal topic of "interest. 
They generally sjioke of the Baltimo- 
reans as having treated them with re- 
spect since their first trouble. The 
prompt action of General Banks had 
done much to awe those who were ill- 
disposed toward the Federal cause. On 
tlieir return through Baltimore on Tues- 
day they were generally well treated, 
and they had no hesitation in freely visit- 
ing any portion of the city during their 
delay of several hours there. One in- 
stance was noted were a .Secession flag 
was displayed during their marcli 
through the city, and that was by a lady 
who thrust a sm;ill enibleiu of " Secesh," 
about a foot square, out of a window in 
the upper story of a building, but she 
took the precaution of closing the blinds 
so that she would not be recognized. 
The regiment si)eak of General Butler 
in commendatory terms. 

Negroes with the Regiment. 

Some of the officers of the regiment 
after their arrival at the Relay house, 
and also while In Baltimore, employetl 
several free-born Negro boys as servants, 
and about half-anlozeu of them were 
brought on with them. Most of them 
arc quite intelligent and full of fun, and 
seemed pleased with their change of lo- 
cality. 

A great deal of amusement was de- 
rived from one of the contrabands, yclept 
George, alias the " Commiss<ary," whoso 
ability to mock the mocking-bird was 
extraordinary. George lay down on his 
face in the grass, and sent forth such a 
volley of mellitliiousness such as we 
never heard only in the case of the orig- 
inal niockhig-binl. Showers of coppers 
discounted the commissary's notes, which 
were as plenty as AVesterii shinplasters; 
and what did not appear at all strange 
to George, was the great and overpower- 
ing ("sometimes) desire of a little brother 
Ethiop to act as treasurer on his own 
hook. Unless we are very much wrong, 
the ''Commissary" will be able to wag 
through the world without leading 
strings. 

Juvenile Zouaves. 

We should not be justified in neglect- 
ing mention of the youthful Ellsworth 
zouaves. Captain Coleman, who did 
guard (luty all day over the commis- 
sariat department. Their devotion to 
duty — the strict iiropriety of their con- 
duct — and above all, the rigid Impartial- 
ity with which they repulsed friends and 
strangers when an' attempt was made to 
attack a water jug, aggregated in such 
credit as few corps similarly situated 
would liave earned. That the boys can 
be trusted vvliere duty is required, is 



86 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



crerlitahly ])rov<'d liy th^ conduct of f 'ap- 
taiii ('ol('iiiau"s coiiiinaiid. Tlicy were 
greatly admired Ijy every looker on. 

Tlie Reception in Lowell. 

The reujiuient will arrive in Lowell at 
about ]] o'clock this t'ori-noon. and they 
will be received liy the rinjfinj; of bells, 
and a salute of nineteen fjuns, in coni- 
nienioration of the 19th of April, 18(il. 
The public building-s will be decorated 
with Hags displayeil from the various 
])ublic and many private buildings on the 
route they will march Ihrongh. A jiro- 
cession under the direction of Wni. II. 
Clemence, chief marshal, will act as an 
escort to the regiment to the South com- 
mon, where they will be addressed by 
his honor, Mayor Sargeant. A collation 
will be provided in Huntington hall. In 
the jirocession will be the mend)ers of 
the city government, otficers and mem- 
bers of the several associations in the 
city, members of the schools, members 
of the city government of Law-rence and 
Worcester, officers of the several towns 
where the companies belong, the fire de- 
partment, and .several military organiza- 
tions. It will be a grand affair. — [Bos- 
ton Journal, Aug. "J. 



The Reception of the Davis Guards 
at Acton. 

The good olil town of Acton was on 
Saturday the center of great interest to 
all its people, and to those of the neigh- 
boring towns, the occasion being the re- 
ception of the Davis Guards, Co. E, 
('apt. Daniel Tuttle, of that town, after 
an absence of more than three months 
with the Sixth Massachusetts regiment 
in the service of the Federal government. 
We think it is a fact that this company 
was the first one in arms in response to 
the president's call for seventy-five 
thousand volunteers. 'I'he order's for 
the captain to report his command in 
Lowell on Tuesday morning, .April Kjth, 
were not sent to Acton till a late hour 
in the evening: the members were noti- 
fied and collected from seven iliflerent 
towns, and although tw(dve miles from 
Lowell, we believe they were in the city 
at 7 : 30 o'clock on Tuesday morning. 
We remember the fact that they ji.assed 
our oflice in a drenching rain, aboul that 
lime, llow many houi-s befure this lime 
tlM'y were in arms, we do nol know, but 
it is (piife probable that it was some 
time before any of our Lowell companies 
left their armories. It was titt iiig, I hr^n, 
that this company, which was the first 
to start for the cai)ital, then threatened 
by the Itebels, should be welcomed — 
enthusiastically wtdcomeil — on their i-e- 
turn to the ho'mes they had left in so 
much baste ami umler circumstances 
any thing but encouraging. 

The Davis (iuards, after having been 
dismissed by Colonel .lones in Hunting- 
ton hall, repaire<l to the armory of the 
<"ity (Juards, where they rem:iined all 
night. 

Amid the boondng of cannon, ringing 
of bells, hand-shakings, excdaniations of 
surprise at the appearance uf the hardy, 
sun-burnt, and oddly uniformed men. 



tlie company came into line, and after 
brielly marching a short distance took 
up a position on the left of the road lead- 
ing to Acton, opposite Exchange hall. 

Across the street were suspended 
neatly-wrought mottoes, appropriate to 
the occasion. " First to go," was the 
first one we noticed. '• Safely Return- 
eil," " Welcome Home," and '"Honor to 
the Brave," v\<'re .also passed before ar- 
riving op|iosite the monument, which had 
upon it the w ord " L'ldon " on two sides, 
and the names of Davis, Hayward, and 
Hosmer. On a store to the right of the 
monument were the words, "Through 
Baltimore"; and on a dwelling house, 
" "Welcome home again." On tlie front 
of the (dd church, to the left of the 
monument, were the words (the senti- 
ment of tlyise uttered by Davis previous 
to the (.'oncord fight)," The Davis Guards 
not afraid to go." On the dwelling house 
next the church some true-hearted per- 
son had expressed his love for our 
country in one word, " Union." The 
firing of cannon and ringing of liells. as 
the Jirocession entered tlie village, lent 
additional inspii-atioii to the occasion. 
In various places the .\merican flag 
floated gaily on the breeze, and the scene 
was one of unusual interest to those who 
witnessed as well as those who took part 
in the ceremonies. 

The proi-ession having halted, the sev- 
eral companies formed around the ros- 
trum. 

Colonel Faulkner, when the sjieakers 
were seated, stepjied forward and called 
to order, and announced Kev. Mr. Mor- 
t<m, of Acton, who invoked divine bless- 
ing in a most touching and appropriate 
prayer. 

Dr. .John M. Miles, of Acton, was next 
introduced, and made the address wel- 
coming home the command of Captain 
Tuttle. 

To the address of Doctor Miles a bi-ief 
response was made by Doctor Cowdry 
on behalf of Ca])tain Tuttle, who fnmi 
hoarseness was hardly able to speak a 
loud word. He said the Davis (iuards 
were proud of the reception that had 
been given them ; they had endeavored 
t(i do their duty; they were ready to go 
again if the country re(iuired their ser- 
vices, and even the prospect of a fight 
like that at Bull Run would not intimi- 
date them. 

During the whole day we saw no jar- 
ring, (piarreliiig or intoxication; every 
thing w as done " decently and in order," 
anil a most fitting welcome iliil the jieo- 
]ile of Acton give the brave little body 
of men who went forth from their homes 
and friends, on a dark and storniv morn- 
ing on the KUh of April last, to battle, 
as did tliose from whom they s]irung, 
for their country and its glorious insti- 
tutions. We saw and heard enough to 
]irove to us that Acton will never fail 
to do her duty, and we have no doubt 
that her jiart in the war against Hebel- 
lioii is not yet fully perfornied, lor she 
has men who can not quietly n'uiain .at 
home while the Stars and Strijies are in 
)ieril. TIk' s]iirit of thosi' w hose rianains 
rest beneath the granite shaft in the 
jiublic s((uare, must eontimially remind 



the men of Acton that if the Rebels tri- 
uniiih, then Davis, Hayward, and Hos- 
mer forfeited their lives to no purpose, 
and the government they sought to es- 
tablish has proved a failure. — [Lowell 
Daily Courier, Aug. 6, 1861. 



■Welcome Home of the Sixth Regi- 
ment. 

We noticed yesterday the reception of 
this regiment in New York. The regi- 
ment reached Worcester )-esterday fore- 
noon, about 11 o'clock, and was the 
recipient of a most gratifying welcome 
from the warm-hearted people of the 
" heart of the Commonwealth." 

This forenoon, after having been mus- 
tered out of service b.y Captain Amorj', 
the regiment took the cars for this city, 
reaching here about 1 : .SO o'clock. The 
four companies belonging here, the two 
fjawrence companies, the Groton and 
the Acton companies, left this city about 
noon on Tuesday, the Kith of April, and 
have been absent fifteen weeks and three 
daj-s. 

The terrible reception which several 
of the companies met with at Baltimore 
on the l!)th of April, is fresh in the 
minds of all. The bravery the men dis- 
played on that occasion gave the regi- 
ment a character which was acknowl- 
edged at once by the I'Ountry, and their 
arrival at Washington on the same day, 
being the first armed body that arrived 
at the capital, was welcomed as a de- 
liverance by all Tnion men then residing 
there. Although the regiment has not 
been in any regular engagement, yet its 
presence in and aliout Baltimore to pre- 
serve peace and good order, has done 
much for the country and has lieen ac- 
knowledged in various ways by the loyal 
citizens of Baltimore and INIaryland, 

On the day id' the dejiarture of the 
regiment from our city we exjiressed the 
wish that it might soon return with 
honor and unbroken ranks. One wish is 
gratified, but alas ! two of its members 
who left our city in good health, soon 
were in a few days brought back — 
Whitney and Ladd to this city, and \eed- 
ham to Lawrence, having fallen martyrs 
to the fury of the mob in its passage 
through Baltimore. "We believe that all 
its other members who left here are 
alive, though some have come back iu 
conseijuence of wounds received at Balti- 
more, or from ill-health. 

Our streets are gaily decked with 
bunting, the "red, white, and blue" 
ev<ry where predominating. Appropriate 
mottoes are to be seen all along on the 
route of march, such as " Welcome 
Sixth," "I'Jth of .Vju-il. ISHl," "All 
Honor to the Brave,"' etc. It would he 
impossible to give tlie names of those 
who decorate, w ithoul |>ublishing a large 
])orti<in of the names in the directory, 
for nearly all endeavor to do their best. 
— [Lowell Courier. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



87 



ArriTal of ttie Fifth Repent 



ENTHUSIASTIC RECEPTION. 



Military and Civic Escort. 



Home Welcomes in Charlestown, 
Medford, Somerville, etc. 



The Fifth regiment of Massachusetts 
Voluntpcv Militia, wliicli was oue of the 
first regiments to respond to tlie eall of 
the President in April hist, and which 
left this city for Washington on the 21st 
of that month, returned home yesterday 
and met with a most enthusiastic wel- 
come. The friends of the memhers of 
the difl'erent companies came in large 
numbers from the towns in which they 
reside to join in the welcome to the 
troops, and at an early hour wended their 
way to the Providence depot, at which 
the regiment was to arrive. It was gen- 
erally rumored that the troops would 
arrive about 8 o'clock, and from before 
that time to the time of their actual ar- 
rival at 1 o'clock, the depot and its sur- 
roundings were thronged with anxious 
and joyous friends. 

Scenes on the Common. 

People began to flock to the common 
at an early hour, and on the arrival of 
the escort, au hour previous to the ar- 
rival of the regiment, the crowd had be- 
come verj' large. After several hours of 
anxious waiting, the commotion in the 
neighborhooil of the Providence railwaj' 
station plainly indicated the arrival of 
the train, and hundreds bent their steps 
in that direction. Most, however, re- 
mained on the conunon, supposing, of 
course, that the troops, who had had 
nothing whatever to eat since their de- 
partiu-e from N"ew York on Monday 
evening, would first partake of the col- 
lation which had been spread for some 
hours on the Beacon-street mall. The 
regiment, however, proceeded through 
the streets of the city before arriving on 
the common. Their approach wa.s"the 
signal for a grand rush. Fathers, 
mothers, brothers, sisters, and friends 
seized the hands or clung about the 
necks of the soldiers as they came upon 
the parade ground. The strict order not 
to " meddle with the boys on the march " 
was only partially heeiled, and the de- 
tour of the parade ground was accom- 
plished by the troops at the sound of 
familiar music, with their glorious colors 
still flying, and with numerous acces- 
sions to their ranks. No sooner had the 
regimental line been formed in line with 
the Charles-street mall, than from all 
quarters of the parade ground rushed 
throngs of people to greet them. The 
orders to stack arms, etc., were obeyed 
under great disadvantages, as at this 
time the ranks were completely broken 
by the influx of innumerable friends. 
Then followed the greetings. The 
colonel rode up and down the parade 
ground on his splendid horse, receiving 



the hearty congratulations of his friends 
on all sides. The civil and military 
authorities present, including several 
United States oflicers, repairetl to the 
marquee at the North eud of the ground, 
where a repast was laid, and where many 
friends had been gathered. In the scenes 
of welcome and l)£artfelt congratulation 
the repast was :it first well nigh neg- 
lected. 

Many an aftecting incident occurred, 
and many tears of welcome were shed 
within the tent and all along the ranks. 
The troops wer(> conducted to their I'ol- 
lation, and were for a couple of hours 
allowed the full enjoyment of the meet- 
ing. One never tailed of interest in walk- 
ing among them. Here a hardy young 
soldier was exhibiting a shattered nnis- 
ket or a few clean bullet holes in his gar- 
ments ; another was the center of an 
eager crowd, who were listening in- 
tensely to the last authentic account of 
the battle of Hull Kun from an "eye- 
witness." Outside the lines little knots 
of i)eople listen<!d to new incidents of the 
fight, and none enjoyed the scene better 
than the returned volunteers. 

To drink from a soldier's canteen that 
had been often filled from the puddles of 
Fairfax andCentreville, was the especial 
delight of many, while trophies of the 
flekl were liberally dispersed on all 
hands. In scenes like these two happy 
hours of the afternoon passed away, and 
we heard it from the lips of many of the 
regiment that it was a source of esjtecial 
delight that their first reception at home 
was lieneath the green trees of Boston 
common. 

The office of the Bunker Hill Aiirora, 
on Chelsea street, was draped with the 
American flag, and the rooms of the 
Bunker Hill Drill club, adjoining, were 
splendidly decorated with llags and lines 
of stn'amers, mottoes ami inscriptions. 
They displajed the words, " Welcome," 
and on a scroll, held in the beak of a 
spread eagle, api)eared the motto: "Lib- 
erty and Union, 1776." The bank build- 
ing, corner of Warren street and City 
square, was profusely adorned. Over 
the entrance appeared in golden letters, 
on a scarlet velvet ground, the cheering 
words, " Welcome the Brave," and on 
either side festoons of streamers radiat- 
ing from the cornice were shields in- 
scribed : "Patriots of '71! aud '(51 " and 
"ThelTniou Forever." Some very fine 
displays of flags and bunting, chief 
among which was the decoration of the 
bank building of the Warren Savings 
Institution, whicli looked finely. On 
Winthrop street the lady of Lieut. Caleb 
Drew, of the City Guard, decorated her 
house in beautiful st5ie, anil in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. J. Smith, an opposite 
neighbor, made a fine display, inchnling 
a tablet suspended across the street, in- 
scribed : " Honor to the Gallant Defend- 
ers of the Stars and Stripes," and on the 
reverse : "All Hail the Stars and Stripes." 

Foil some time the whereabouts of ex- 
Governor Wise, of Virginia, has been a 
matter of conjecture. The Wheeling 
Intelligencer of the 1.5th inst. enlightens 
us as follows : — 



" We are at last able to give what is 
unquestionably the tnUh in regard to 
the killing or wounding of the old arch- 
traitw-, Henry A. Wise. He is still in 
the land of the living. Mr. .Tohu Woods, 
son of A. P. Woods, of this city, arrived 
here from Ravenswood, on Satiirday 
morning, by steamer. He left ( 'harlottes- 
ville, where he was a student at the uni- 
versity, about three weeks ago. He 
reached Charlestown after a gre.-it deal 
of trouble, and left that place on the tth 
of July, arriving at Kipley on the (even- 
ing of the .")th. Old Henry A. and his 
sou, O. Jennings Wise, were both at 
Ripley. On the 8th, a report readied 
Ripley that a thousand Union troops 
were inarching ujion tliat place from the 
Ohio river. The Wises, with their seven 
hundred followers, reti-eated back upon 
Charlestown. The report of the killing 
of Wise and his body-guard reached us 
on Sunday evening, the 7th, so that it 
will be sei'ii that he could not have been 
very badly injured, as he was knocking 
around Ripley pretty tolerably spry for 
an old man. From other circumstances 
we are induced to believe that the whole 
story about the attack on Wise's party 
is a sheer fabrication. It is scarcely 
possible that he could have been at Si.s- 
sonville at all. 

Our readers may rest assured that 
Henry A. Wise still lives, and is doubt- 
less this minute ' firing the Southern 
heart ' somewhere along the Kanawha 
lines.'' 



Letter from General Butler. 

The following letter from General But- 
ter to F. A. Hildreth, Esq., of this city, 
we have no doubt will be read with the 
liveliest interest by every one, whether 
friendly to its author or otherwise. The 
letter is dated " United States Steam 
Frigate Minnesota, oft' Cajjc Hatteras, 
August 27, 1861." Some portions of it 
will, we doubt not, afford much satis- 
faction to many of our citizens, while 
the facts it gives respecting the causes 
of trouble we have received from the 
South, will find an endorsement in every 
intelligent mind, although they have 
not previously, we think, been ac- 
knowledged on the side from which this 
comes. But the letter is distinct and 
speaks for itself. We have no room for 
comments to-day. The letter appeared 
in the Advertiser of last evening : — 

I have roceived your note, as well as those 
of many otlieis of' my true friends in Massa- 
cliusiitts, asking my opinion about political 
questions, anil some kindly susKfSting my 
name as a candidate for governor at the en- 
suing election. I reply to you as representing 
Ihem' all, because our intimacy will permit 
raoi-e frankness than would seem meet to- 
ward those less closely connected. As 1 liavc 
stated to you, and as "I have publicly repeal- 
ed, when I left home I left all politics, in a 
party sense of the term, behind me, and I 
know no politics in any sense, save as repre- 
sented by the question — How best to preserve 
the Union and restore the country in its in- 
tegrity. l*eace is desirable to all, and to none 
more so than the soldier who has left his 
friend and his home to do his duty to his 
country. Hut however desirable, it is not to 
be purchasetl ujion any terms, save the recog- 
nition of the authority of the federal govern- 
ment over every inch of territory which ever 
lielonged to it. Upon no condition whatever. 



88 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



otlior than this, woiihl I ccinscnt to peace. A 
peni-i' iiivulviiif; the disintegration of the 
ITnioii, orniitil the siipremaey of the fjovern- 
uicnt is forever e^tahlislieil, woulil be simply 
a Ueclaration of perpetual war of seetions. 

Were the Southern Confederacy to-day ac- 
knowledged in the fullness of good faitli, two 
months would not elapse liefore causes of 
war would arise, sufticient not only to justify, 
but to denniud a renewal of the conflict. No 
two months have passed, in the last ten years 
at least, in which outrages have not been 
committed upon Northern men in the South, 
which, had they been perpetrated by a fiu-eigii 
nation, would have demanded a redress of 
grievances, under pain of a suspension of di- 
plomatic relations. But we have borne these 
outrages because there was no tribunal to the 
arbitrament of which we could submit them, 
and it was against the genins of our peojile to 
appeal to arms. Therefore I see with pain, 
upon the part of some of those with whom I 
have actiHl in political organizations, a dis- 
position to advocate peaceful settlements 
wherein there can be no peace. Therefore 
this war must go on, not for the purpose ol 
subjugation,— but if those who commenced it 
bring upon themselves that condition as an 
incident, it will only be another illustration 
of the fruit of sowing the wind. Besides 
these, there are no other politics. 

On the nuitterof the nomination — I can not 
consent that my name shall be used by any 
party. While on some things, as you are 
aware, I do not agree with the principli^s up- 
on which the st.ate and the national adminis- 
trations were inaugurated, yet we are a long 
•way past that. The liepublican party, hai-iug 
won a politi<'al victory, both in the state and 
in the nation, is entitled to the patriotic en- 
deavor of every man to give it a fair trial in 
the administration of the government, and in 
that, it should, as it does, take the lead in ol- 
licial po.sitions. And uow there is left nothing 
for us to contend against, save any corrup- 
ticui, inetBciencv or impropriety of adminis- 
ti(m, which I doubt not would at once be re- 
buked as well by Republicans as by Demo- 
crats, liut as far as regards the persomiel of 
the administration in the state, J believe 
Governor Andrew has enileavorcd laithfully, 
zealously, and etticicntly to put our common- 
wealth on the side of the nation, and to sus- 
tain the Union. I therefore, for one, would 
not desire to see a change in the e.\-ecutive, 
although, I doubt not, the people will demand 
changes in some, of the minor oflices. I do 
not say that I would vote for Governor An- 
drew, hut were I at home I would not vote 
against him. Let it be understood that with- 
out distinction of jjarty. and without party 
issues, all men wlio love the ITnion are deter- 
mined to stand bv it and the country until 
this IlebelUon shall lie quelled, ami then we 
may hereafter divide .as we please upon the 
minor dillerences of admini.stration of gov- 
ernment. 

To you, my dear friend, I n(^ed urge no jus- 
titlcation of this course. You will appreciate 
it, for you are aware of the sacritice, both of 
folding and of position, I nuide a year ago in 
the earnest endeavor to save the country 
from this ealaniitv, which I then partly fore- 
saw, and acting in the best light I hail, en- 
deavori'd to prevenl. And 1 am reaily to 
imvke a like saeriliee now to repel that which 
I then souglit to avert. I need to thank you 
anil otlu-rs of nty friends lor this, amcmg 
other kindnesses you have sliown me. 
Very truly yours, I5EN.J. P. liUTLEU. 



Knowledge is Power. 

The Baltimore American says, in :m ac- 
count of matters :it the IJclay liouse : — 

" GciitU'iiieii who c<)iiverse<l wilh Gen- 
eral Butlei- state that the kiiowleiljio lie 
possessed of the doinj;s in Baltimore 
previous ami since the ileeils of the 10th 
ult. astonished them, and led to tin' con- 
viction th.at tlic jiovernment had its 
agents here to watch tlie ]iri>,e;ress of 
events. Even the names of jiartieipa- 
tors and syinjiathizers, and all that was 
done or left undone by the tiuthorities is 
known to him. Kvery man wlio tool< an 



active part in the riot has his name and 
his doings and sayings on record in 
Washington, and in fact it is evident 
that more is linown there tiiau here with 
regard to the details of the whole trans- 
action." 

We believe this is a correct tribute to 
the vigilance of the government, which 
not only keejis Maryland and Baltimore 
under its eye, but A'irgiuia, and in short 
the whole "movement of the Secession 
conspiracy. The organization of this 
" intelligence " force was one of the 
first duties which occupied the new ;id- 
ministration, as the difficutly of keeping 
up communication with Fort Sumter 
had established its absolute necessity. 
Knowledge is power ordintirily, but ten- 
fold so in war. We believe it impossible 
for the government now to lie entrapped 
by any sudden movement of the Rebel 
leaders. There is far more danger of 
the indiscreet disclosure of military in- 
telligence at the North, than of the non- 
receijit of all that is material from the 
South. As to General Butler, who seems 
to htive astonished the l\Iaryland gentle- 
men by his intimate acquaintance with 
their affairs, it must be remembered that 
he is a "detective " by profession. For 
several years he has 'been in the eager 
" pursuit of knowledge under difficul- 
ties," by direct questioning, crossHiues- 
tioning, lilufling, coaxing, and all other 
means. And it may be safely assumed 
that when he takes'a case in hand, legal 
or military, what he does n"t know about 
it is not worth knowing. 



Lyon. 

[The following, from the I'hiladelphia Sat- 
urday Post, is one of the most beautiful trib- 
utes "that the heroic death of General Lyon 
has called forth :— ] 
Sing, bird, on green Missouri's plain, 

The sadilest song of sorrow ; 
I >rop tears, O clouiis, iu gentlest rain 

Ve from the winds can borrow; 
linathe lait, ye winds, your softest sigh, 

Weep, llowers, in dewj' splenilor. 
For him who knew well how to die, 
ISut never to surrender. 

lip rose serene the August sun 

Upon that day of glory ; 
Up curled from musket and from gun 

The war-cloud gray and hoary; 
It gathere<l like a fnueral Jiall, 

.Now l)rokc-n and now blended. 
Where rang thc^ bugle's angry call. 

And rank with rank contended. 

Four tliousand men, as bravi- and true 

As e'er went torlh iu (hiring. 
Upon the foe thai uuirning tlircw 

The strength of their desjiairing. 
They feared not deatli — nuai bless the field 

Tliat iiatriot scddiers die on — 
Fair Freedom's cause was sword and shield, 

And at the head was Lyon '. 

Their leader's trimbled soul looked forth 

From eyes of troubled brightnt^ss; 
Sad soul! the Vmrden of the North 

Had pressed out all its lightness. 
He gazed upon tlie unequal tight. 

His ranks all rciU and gory 
And felt the slaulows close like night 

Itound liis career of glory. 

" General, come lead us!" loud the cry 

Fnun a brave bainl was ringing — 
*' Lead us, and wti will stop, or die. 

That battery's awful singing." 
He spurred to where his lierocs stood. 

Twice wounded — no wound Unowing — 
Tlie fin; of battle in his blood 

.\nd on his forehead glowing. 



Oh, cursed for aye that traitor's hand, 

And cursed that aim so deadlj-, 
Which smote the bravest of the land, 

And dyed his bosom redly 4 
Serene he lay while past him pressed 

The battle's furious billow. 
As calmly as a babe may rest 

Upon its mother's pillow. 

So Lyon dieil ! and well may flowers 

His place of burial cover, 
F<u' never had this land of ours 

A more devoted lover. 
Living, his country was his bride, 

His life lie gave her dying, 
Life, fortune, love — he naught deuied 

To her and to her sighing. 

Rest, Patriot, in the hillside grave, 

Beside her form who bore thee? 
Long may the land thou died'st to save 

Her bannered stars wave o'er thee ! 
Upon her liistory's liriglitest page, 

.\nd on Fame's glowing portal. 
She 'II write thy grand, historic page. 

And gi'ave thy name immortal. n. P. 



In the Camp. 

BY .M-U!V A. HARLOW. 

By our dim camp-flre, in the gloom of the 

night. 

When sleep comes gently, like a welcome 

guest. 

Visions gleam round m(t in the flickering light. 

Wearing tile forms ol those I love the best. 

She comes, my angel ! and with beckoning 
hand 
Points toward the Eden that was ours so 
lat(^. 
Where tower the mountains and the forests 
grand. 
And flash the waters of our native state. 

Anil Eve, young darling of a soldier's pride, 
Shines in the twilight like a golden beam ; 

Never did fairer form of beauty glide 
Through the wild mazes of a poet's dream. 

They drew me from these scenes with them to 
meet 
Where ran the current of our peaceful life; 
But soon tlie bugle and the drum's quick beat 
Breaks the fond charm and calls me to the . 
strife. 

Oh, to behold tliose faces dear once more ! 

To feel tin- thrilling pressure of the hand ! 
When every ghuious star, bright as before. 

Shines on" the ensign of our stricken land. 

The storm of war is raging dark and wild. 
And flercer yet the storm may become; 

Can one rejoice iu love of wife and child 
Without a peaceful country and a home. 

Burn then upon the altar of my heart 
Nauglit bnt the incense of a patriot's love! 

This dauntless breast may win the fatal dart; 
But union sweet awaits us '■ uj) above." 

-[Boston JournaL 



"I Fights Mit Sigel." 

m OUANT T. UOni.NSON. 

I met him again, he was trudging along. 

His knaiisaek with chickens was swelling. 
He 'd " ISIenkered " these dainties, and 
tliought it no wrong. 
From some Secessionist's dwelling. 
"What regiment's yours, and under whose 
flag 
Uo you fight? " said I, touching his shoulder; 
Turning slowly around he smiling said. 
For the thought maile him stronger and 
bolder, 

" I fifjMs mit Siei/cl." 

The next time I saw him his knapsack was 
gone. 
His cap and canteen were missing. 
Shell, scrapuel, and grape, and the swift rifle 
ball. 
Around him and o'er him were hissing. 
How are -^ou, my friend, and where liave you 
been. 
And for what and fm- whom are you lighting r 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR 



He saitl, as a shot from the enemy's gun 
Sent his !irm and his musket a " kiting," 
^^ I Jiyhts mit Si gel." 

And once more I saw him and knelt by his 
si<le, 
His life-blood was rapidly flowing;; 
I whispered of home, wife, children, and 
friends. 
The bright land to whicli he was going, 
And have you wordfor the dear ones at home, 

The " wee one," the father or mother? 
Yaw! yaw! said he, tell them, oh! tell them, 
I fights — 
Poor fellow ! he thought of no other — 
"■ I fights mit Sigel." 

We scraped out a grave and he dreamlessly 
sleeps 
On the banks of the Shenandoah river; 
His home or his kindred are alike unknown; 

His reward in the hands of the Giver. 
We placed a rough board at the head of his 
grave. 
"And we loft him alone in his glory," 
But on it we marked, ere we turned from the 
spot, 
The little we knew of his story ; 
'^ I fights 7nit Sigel." 



Jeff. Davis' Domestic Life. — Jeff. 
Davis' negro c-oachninii, Jackson, who 
is now witii GentTul McDowell, reports 
that the president lives very plainly ami 
is reduced to drinkinoj sassafras in the 
morTiins; as a suhstitute for tea. lie has 
four children — Ma<j:o;ie, a da lighter aged 
seven ; Jefl'. Davis, Jr., ahout five years 
old; Joe, a truculent little fellow of 
three, and a baby Rebel, a month old 
last Christmas. Xone of the children 
are allowed to eat butter, as that com- 
modity involves too great an expense. 
Jeff, rises between 8 and 9 o'clock in the 
morning and comforts himself with a 
mint julep, sitting down to breakfast 
and sassafras tea at 10. At 4 he takes a 
light lunch of crackers and cheese, va- 
ried with an occasional herring, dining 
magnificently at 7. Ills dinner usually 
consists of 8t. Julian soup, roast beef, 
ash cake — Jeft*. is very fond of cake, 
Jackson says — claret and sherry. Over 
his dinner Jefi". grows very confidential 
and converses with his family. 



The Fathers. 

Over the mountain wave, see where they 

come ; 
Storm-cloud and wintry wind welcome them 

home ; 
Yet where the sounding gale howls to the sea, 
There their song peals along, deep-toned and 
free ! 

" Pilgrims and wanderers, hither we 

eonie, 
Where tlie free dare to be, this is our 
home! " 

England hath sunny dales, dearlv they bloom. 
Scotia hath heather-hills, sweet their perfume, 
yet thro' the wilderness clifiTlul we stray- 
Native land, native land, hoint- far away. 
''Pilgrims and wandrn-rs." etc. 

Dim grew the forest-path — onward they trod; 
Firm beat their noble heai'ts, trusting in God, 
Gray men and blooming maids, high rose their 

song, 
Hear it sweep, clear ami deep, ever along. 
"Pilgrims and wanderers," etc. 

Not theirs the glory wreath torn by the blast; 
Heavenward their holy step, heavenward 

they past, 
Green be their mossy graves! ours be their 

fame. 
While their song peals along, ever the same. 
"Pilgrims and wanderers," etc. 

GEOIIGE LUNT. 



Mother, Can I Go? 

1 am writing to you, mother, knowing well 

what you will say, 
When you read with tearful fondness alt I 

write to you to-day, 
Knowing well the flame of ardor on a loyal 

mother's part, 
That will kindle with each imi>ulse, with each 

throbbing of your heart. 
T have heard my country calling for her sons 

that still are true— ' 
I have loved that country, mother, only next 

to God and you; 
And my soul is springing forward to resist 

her bitter fou ; 
Can I go my dearest mother? tell me, mother, 

Can I go? 

From the battered walls of Sumter, from the 

wilds waves of the sea, 
1 have heard her ciy for succor, as the voice 

of God to me. 
In prosi)erity I loved her, in her days of dark 

distress, 
Witli yc)ur spirit in me, mother, could I love 

tlilit country less? 
They have piercud lier heart with treasoti, 

the}- have causcil her sons to bleed. 
They liave robbed in her kindness, they have 

triumphed in her need; 
They have trampled on her standard, and >she 

calls me in her woe — 
Can I go, my dearest mother? tell uw, mother, 

can I go"? 

I am young and slender, mother — they would 
call me yet a boy, 

Hut I knowthe land I live in, and the bless- 
ings I enjoy; 

I am old enough, my motlier, to be loyal, 
proud and true 

To the faithful sense of duty I have ever 
learned from you. 

We must conquer this Rebellion ; let the doubt- 
ing heart be still ; 

We must conquer it, or perish. We must con- 
quer and will ! 

Rut the faithful must not falter, and shall I be 
wanting? Xo! 

IJid me go, my dearest motlier! tell me, 
mother, can I go? 

Hu who led his chosen people, in their etforts 

to be free, 
From the tyranny of Egj'pt, will be merciful 

to me ; " 
Will protect me bj' His power, whatsoe'er I 

undertake; 
Will return me home in safety, dearest 

mother, for your sake. 
Or should tliis 'my bleeding country need a 

victim such as me, 
I am nothing more than others who have 

perished to be free. 
Oil her bosom let nie slumber, on her altar 

let me lie ; 
I am not afraid, dear mother, in so good a 

cause to die. 

There will enme a day of gladness, when the 

lieople of the Lord 
Shall look i)roudly on their banner, which His 

mercy luis restored ; 
When the stars, in perfect number, on their 

azure field of blue, 
Sluill be clustered in a Union, then and ever 

firm and true. 
I maj' live to see it, mother, when the patriot's 

work is done, 
And your heart, so full of kindness, will beat 

proudly for your son ; 
Or tlirough tears your eyes may see it with a 

sadly thoughtful view. 
And may love it still more dearly for the cost 

it won from you. 

1 have written to you, mother, with the con- 
sciousness of right — 

I am thinking of you, fondly, with a loyal 
heart, to-night ; 

When I have your noble bidding, which tells 
me to press on, 

I will come and see you, mother — come and 
kiss you and be gone. 

In Ihe sacred name of Freedom, and my coun- 
try, as her due — 

In the name of Law and Justice, I have writ 
ten this to you. 

1 am eager, anxious, longing, to resist my 
country's foe; 

Shall I go, my dearest mother? — tell me, 
mother, shall I go? 

— [Boston Journal, Aug. VI. 



The Mother's Reply. 

Go, my boy, and heaven bless you! I have 

read eacli precious line 
Of your heart's responsive throbbings to a 

liigher call than uiine. 
(iod hath spoken — you have heard him — and 

though tears these eyes bedim, 
Vour affection for your mother shall not mar 

your love for Him. 
Could 1 bid you stay from fondness, when the 

overruling Hand 
Marks your path to duly clearlv for the safetv 

of the land? 
Xo! 'tis j'ours to be a patriot, and 'tis mine 

to prove as true; 
Go, my boy, where duty calls you, and my 

heart will follow you ! 

Go in faith, and feel protection in a Power Su- 
preme, Divine, 
Shouhl a bullet pierce your body, it will also 

enter mine. 
Do I think of this in sorrow? Does my love 

sad fears renew? 
Do I tremble at the prospect? No, mj' son ; no 

more than you. 
Dear to me is eveiy pathway where 5'our 

precious feet have trod; 
P.ut I give you fondly, freely, to my country 

and my God. 
^ou and I shall never falter in the work we 

have to do; 
(.io, my boy, where duty calls you, and my 

heart shall follow you ! 

1 shall ^n-ay Uu* you — how often — with the 

waking liour.s of morn, 
Through the labors of my household, and 

when night is coming on. 
If a mother's prayei's can keep you from the 

dangers you incur, 
God will surely bring you back again to hap- 
piness and her. 
I will never doubt the goodness that has kept 

you until now. 
That has kept the evil from your heart, the 

shadow from your brow, 
vVnd I know that it shall keep you in the path 

you must pursue ; 
l.o,'my boy, where duty calls you, and my 

heart shall follow you ! 

If my boy were less a hero, less tlie man in 

thought ami deed, 
I had less to give my country- in its trying 

hour of need ; 
vVnd I feel a pride in knowing that to serve 

the cause divine. 
From the hearthstone goes no braver heart 

than that which goes from mine. 
1 have love<l you from the hour that my lips 

first pressed your brow. 
Ever tenderly, but never quite as tenderly as 

now ; 
All I have is His who gave it, whatsoe'er he 

bids me do; 
Go, my boy, where duty calls you, and my 

heart sliall follow you ! 

I shall miss you through the spring-time, 

when the orchard is in bloom. 
When the smiling face of Nature bathes its 

beauty in perfume; 
When the birds are sweetly singing by the 

door and on the wing, 
1 shall think of you who always loved to pause 

and hear them sing. 
Long will seem the waning hours through 

the drowsy summer daj', 
With my boy exposed to dangers on a soil so 

faraway. 
But my spirit shall not murmur, though a 

tear bedim my view ; 
Go, my boy, where duty calls yon. and my 

heart shall follow you ! 

You will come and see your mother, come 

and kiss her, as you say, 
From her lips receive the blessing that shall 

cheer you on your way; 
From lier'fond enibrace go forward to resist 

your country's foe. 
With the comforting assurance that your 

mother bade you go. 
Heaven protect, and bless, and keep you ; 

holy angels guard your way; 
Keep your si)irit from temptation, and your 

feet from going astray. 
To your mother ever faithful, to your country 

ever true — 
Go, my boy, where duty calls you, and my 

heart shall follow yon ! 



12 



90 



INCIDENTS OF Till': CIVIL WAR. 



Patriot's Hymn. 

An:— "H'tr tin.' lake wln/re droopeil the 
■\villow3." 

(Hi our lull-tops, fortress crested, 

Long time ago. 
Freedom's battles were conteste<l, 

With a stern foe. 

There the flag of Freedom flying. 

Like heaven's bow, 
Xerved the living, cheered the dying. 

Long time ago. 

Sons of freemen, do the fires 

In j-our hearts glow. 
That sustained your gallant sires, 

Long time ago. 

Then arouse, a band of brotliers! 

To a world sliow 
Tyrant's chains may rest on others, 

On you, never! no! u. F. copkland. 



God Save the Flag ! 

HV <hjvi:k wkmh:li, molmks. 

Washed in the blood of the brave and the 
bloiiining, 

Snatched from the altars of insolent foes, 
Burning with star-fires, but never consuming. 

Flash its broad ribbons of lily and rose. 

Vainly the prophets of Baal would rend it, 
Vaiidy his worshippers pray for its fall; 

Thousands have died for it — millions defen<l 
it — 
JCmbleni of justice and mercy to all. 

Just i< c tliat reddens the sky with her terrors, 
.Mercy that comes with her whitcdiandcd 
train, 

Soothing all passions, redeeming all errors, 
Sheathing the saber andbreakingthechain. 

Jtoruc on the deluge of old usurpations, 
Drifted our Ark o"er the desolate seas; 

This was the rainbow of hope to tlu! nations. 
Torn from the storni-clouil \\\\k\ Hung to the 
breeze ! 

God bles.s the Flag and its loyal defenders, 
While its broad folds o'er the battle-licid 
wave. 
Till the dim star-wreath rekindle itsspentlor, 
Washed from its stains in the blood of the 
brave ! —[Atlantic Monthly. 



Secretary Cameron's Reply to Gen- 
eral Butler Respecting the Treat- 
ment of Fugitive Slaves. 

The following rei>ly to General J>ut- 
ler's letter was liispateheii from Wasli- 
iu^ton by the Sct^nTarv of War t»n Sat- 
urday. It will be read with hiterest: — 

rrCH<;rrt/, -The important question of the 
proper disposition to bt; made of fugitives 
from the stales in insiu'rcction against tin- 
Federal government, to which you havtr again 
directed my attention in your letter of .July 
'20th, has receiv<Ml my most car<'ful <-onsiii(r- 
ation. It is the dcsiVe of the I'resident. that 
all existing rights in the states be fully re 
speetfMl and m:iintained. The war n<iw prose- 
cuted on the part ol the Federal government 
is a w:ir lor the I'nion, for Hie pi-cservatic>n 
of all the eonstitulional rights of the states 
and the citizens of the states in the Union, 
hence no question can ari.se as to tugitives 
from service within the states and territories 
in which the authority <U the I'nion is tully 
acknowledged. The ordinary forms of judicial 
proceedings nuist be rcsp<"'cted by tju' mili- 
tary and civil authorities alike for the en- 
foreenumt of legal lorms. i;ut in tlie states 
who)l,\" or in jiart under iMsini'eeti(>n;irv eon- 
trol, when' the laws of the t'nited states are 
so opi)osed and rrsisted tliat they can not be 
elfeetiiMlly enlorcerl, it is obvious that tlie 
rights dei)endeiit upon the extension of these 
laws must teinporsirily fail, and it is equ:dly 
obvious that: tin; riglits dependent on the 
laws of the states within whi(di military 
operations are conducted must necessarily 



be subordinate to the militai-j' exigencies 
created by the insurrection, if not wholly for- 
feited by the treasonable conduct of the' par- 
ties claiming them. To this the general rule 
of the right of service forms an exception. 
Tlie act of Congress, approved Aug. 6, 1861, 
ileelares that if persons held to service shall 
be employed in hostility to the United States, 
the right "to their servieesshall be discliarged 
therefrom. It follows of necessitv that no 
claim can be recognized by the military au- 
thority of the Union to the services of such 
persons when fugitives. 

A more dirticult question is presented in re- 
spect to persons escaping from the service of 
loyal masters. It is quite apparent that the 
laws of the state under wliich only the service 
of such fugitives can be claimed must be 
wholly, or almost wdiolly suspended, as the 
remedies by the insurrection and the military 
measures necessitated liy it; and it is equally 
api)arent that the substitution of military for 
jutlicial measures for the enforcement of such 
claims must be attended by great incon- 
venience, embarrassment, and injury. Under 
these circumstances it seems quite clear that 
the substantial riglits of local masters are 
still best protected by receiving such fugi- 
tives, as well as fugitives from disloyal mas- 
ters, into tlie service of the United States, 
and employing them under such organiza- 
tions and in such occupations as eircum- 
staces may suggest or require. (Jf course a 
record should be kept, showing the names an J 
descri))tions of the fugitives, the names and 
characters, as loyal or disloyal, of the mas- 
ters, and such facts as may l)e necessary to a 
correct understanding of the circumstances 
of each case. After tranquility shall have 
been restoreil upon the return of peace, Con- 
gress will doubtless provide for all the per- 
sons thus received into the service of the 
Union and for a just compensation to loyal 
masters. In this way only, it would seem, 
can the duty and safety of the government, 
and just rights of all, be fully reconciled and 
harmonized. Von will, therefore, consider 
yourself instructed to govern your future 
action in respect to fugitives from service by 
the premises herein stated, and will report 
from time to time, and at least twice in each 
month, your action in the premises to this 
department- You will, however, neither au- 
thorize or permit any interfei'cnce by the 
troops under your command with the ser- 
vants of peaceable citizens in a house or 
lield, nor will yon in any manner encourage 
such citizens to leave the lawful service of 
their masters, nor will you, except in cases 
where the public good n'lay seem to require 
it, prevent the voluntary return of any fugi- 
tive to the service from whieli he may have 
escaped. 

1 am, very respectfully, your obedient ser- 
vant, " slMtiX CAMKUON, 

Secretary of War. 



STAR-FLAG OF^THE NORTH ! 

ICntisl.— More Keeriiits Wanted. — Kiilisl. 

E N C A mIFiVI E N T S 

jMay bo found iit 

I,OVVKI>F,— READVII.LK (I>e(lbam) — \\'OK- 

CKSTEU-SPitlNGFIKLD— LYSNFIKLD. 

Cliooso f roni these CoiiintaiKlers : 

STEVKNSON— l;l^EENE— JUXES— LEE— Ul'- 

TON — TIIOS. n. MtTKPIlV— JIATTHEW 

MUlil'HV. 

■\Vhieli Ariu of the Service Suits You ? 

INFANTRY! CAVAEKV ! KIELEMEN' 

ARTILLERY ! SHARI'SIIOOTERS ! 

You can Knlist in any one of tlietii. 
INKANTRV HKi;TMI;\']'s, — The Twonly. 
lllird (raist'tl l)y Hon. H('iiry Wilson)— Hif 
Twenty-fourtli (tJolonrI Stevenson), otlior- 
wise known as tin: New Enjiliind (Juards regi- 
ment aiul llic FoniMli Battalion regiment — 

theTwenlv li!th(Col 1 fpton)— tlie'Twenty. 

sistli (tin: gallant (■|ili>n<:l .lones, of the Old 
Sixtll) — the Twenty-seventh (Col. II. t'. Le<>.) 

LIGHT B.VTTISRY. 

A new one encamped at Lynnfielil. Men 



desiring to become practical artillerists are 
invited to join. 

CAVALKY! DRAGOONS! LANCEKS : 

A NEW CAVALRY REGIMENT forming. 
Good horsemen should lose no time iu ap- 
plying- 

" Up to the saddle ! 

The loemen await you ! 
Cavalry, dasli 

On tlie traitors wlio hate you! 
Will you submit 

To cowardly loons? 
.Spur hor.se, and draw saber! 
I'pon 'eiil, dragoons ! " 

IRISHMEN OF mTsSACHUSETTSI 

Vour native-born brethren will greet you 
with a 

CEAD MILLE FKALTHE. 

IIALLY ! KALLV FOR 
ERIN, SLANTHAGAI. GO BRAGH ! 

"In going forth tol)attlefor the American 
Union, let the Irish soldier take with him the 
assurance that, should he fall, neither his 
wile nor little ones will be forgotten."— r^o.?. 
Francis Mfugher. 

UP FOR THE GREEN, BOYS ! 

UP FOR THE STARS ANI> STRIPES! 

Remember the wonls of vour own " MEA(i- 

IIEK OF THE SWORD,"— "The Irish soldier 

from henceforth and forever shall proudly 

stand by the side of the native-born.*' 

Take the Field at Once, Irisbiuen! 
'* Plunge deep the tier;;*^ rowels 
In a thousand reeking flanks; 
Down, chivalry of Ireland, 

Down on the .Southern ranks! 
Now shall their serried columns 

Beneath our sabers reel ! 
Through their ranks, then, with the war- 
horse ! 
Througli their bosoms with the .steel ! " 

A Massachusetts Regiment. 

The Twenty-eighth.- rOi. THOMAS S. 
MUIiPIIV, the veteran commander of the New 
York Montyoinery Guard. 

A New York Regiment, 

r.UT I'KOVIDKD FOR BY MASSACHUSETTS- 
The Twentv-ninth, — COL. MATTHEW 
Mf'IiPHy,—Jri/l jnin the Irish brigade fO»i- 
viaiidcd hii th'' fiiined (General Shitlds. Bat Mas- 
tiac/t'isrtfs roii.^itlcrs those who eidist in it a.'i 
Mas.<;achi(sit($ so/diers, anil proridrs for their 
wives and fatiiilies. 

The Quickest'Way to Enlist : 

GO AT (IXCE TO THE 
GENEHAL KECItllTING STATION. 

U PITTS STREET, BOSTON, 

Say wliether you wish to enlist in Infan- 
try, Cavalry, Sharpshooters, or I-ight Ar- 
tillery. If in the Infantry, name the Regi- 
ment yoti would like to join. Yon will at 
once be given a now, well-made, cumfort- 
able, and serviceable iiiiiform, sent into 
camp iinniediafely, an<l that very day yon 
draw pay and rations, and becinne entitled 
to a bounty. 

WILLIAM WT BULLOCK, 

Iirigadier-gen<'ral First Ijrigade, First divi- 
sion, M. V. M., and 
Recruiting Oflficer-in-chief for the State of 
Massachusetts. 



A wuiTEH for tlie New Orleans Pica- 
yune ventilates his ire upon General But- 
ler and the Massachusetts soldiers as fol- 
lows : "All the Massachusetts troops now 
in Washington are Neffroes, with the ex- 
ception of two or three druiiinier-boys. 
General Butler, in coiuniand, is a native 
of Liberia- Our readers may recollect 
Old Bon, the barlier, who kept a shop in 
I'oydras street, ami emigrated to Liberia 
with a small competence. General But- 
ler is his son." 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIl'IL WAR. 



91 



COMMONWEA'LTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 
[officiai,.] 
Executive Dkpartmest, ( 
Boston, Oct. 7, 1801. ( 
To the People of Massachusetts : 

By a recent circular from the Quailerraaster- 
general of the United States, it has been made 
known that our troops need blankets, for 
men spring: to arms faster than mills can 
manufacture, and the supplies ordered from 
altroad are not jwit received. 

To relieve tliis necessity, the circular of 
General Meigs invites contributions from the 
surplus stores of families and states that the 
regulation army blanket weighs live poun<ls, 
but the good, sound woolen blanlcets, weigh- 
ing not less than four pounds, will be gladly 
received and applied to the useof the troops; 
and although it invites gifts from every 
source, announces also that to such i>ersons 
as have blankets to spare, but can not give 
them, the fall market value of such blankets 
will be paid if they are delivered at the offices 
of the Fedei'al quartermasters in the loyal 
states. 

The energetic patriotism of the people of 
Massachusetts will, of course, respond 
promptly to this appeal. 

With a view therefore to organize gifts of 
this description in an etiicient manner. I 
hereby request all citizens of the common- 
wealth who may be disposed to make gratu- 
itous contributions of blankets, to cause them 
to be prep.ared immediately and addressed to 
Erig.-gen. John H. Reed, C,)uartermaster- 
general of Massachusetts, Military Store- 
house, No. ia2 Congress street, Bo'ston. 1 
suggest also tiiat committees be forthwith 
organized in the various towns and cities to 
collect ami forward contributions, and I re- 
spectfully request that a list of the names of 
the generous donors may accompany each 
bale orbundle, for the purpose of publication. 

Several of the prineii>al railroad corpora- 
tions of the commonwealth (including the 
Boston & Maine, the Boston & Worcester, 
the Boston & Providence, and the Boston 
& Lowell roads) have, with characteristic 
liberality, .arranged witli General Reed to 
transjiort to Boston free of charge all such 
contributions of blankets as may, during the 
next two weeks, be forwarded to his address. 
< )ther eorpoi-ations will undoubtedly display 
tlie same liberality, and the various news- 
papers of the commonwealth will give free 
circulation to this appeal. 

.JOHN A. .VNDREW, Governor. 



COMMONWE.ILTH OF M.\SS.4CHITSETT.S, ) 

Quartermaster-general's Offlee, ! 
Boston, Oct. 4, 1861. ) 

To the Presidents or Superintendents of the 
Massachusetts Railroads : 
Gentlemen, — In response to the pressing call 
of Quartermaster-general Meigs, Uuitefl .States 
Army, for patriotic contributions of blankets 
for the use of volunteers now in the Held, an 
appeal is about to be issued by the state 
authorities, urging the citizens ot the com- 
monwealth to forward to Boston without 
delay such blankets as their means will 
admit of. 

I respectfully ask of you that such contribu- 
tions may pass overyour road without charge 
during the two weeks following the date of 
said appeal, and that you will indicate your 
plea&ure in the n^atter by signing this paper. 
A'erv truly yours, 

JOHN H. REED, 
<^)uartermaster-general of Massachusetts. 

Agreed to by the Boston & Maine railroad. 
F. COGSWELL, President. 

lilankets contribute*! and directed to quar- 
termaster-general, Bo9ton,will be transported 
over the Boston & Worcester railroad, for 
two weeks, without charge. 

G. TWICHELL, President. 

And by the Boston & Providence railroad. 
G. H. WARREN, President. 



And by the Boston Sc Lowell railroad. 

GEORGE STARK, Manager. 



Hymn for the National Fast. 

[Of all the poetical etTusions elicited by the 
recent national fast, which we have seen, the 
following suits best our taste. It nuxy ha\f 
originated near us, but we lin<l it in llic lialli 
more .j7HeriC(/;*, without either credit or pre- 
tensions to originality :— ] 

\Vith humbled hearts, great God, this day, 
Befoi-e Thy throne we sorrowing stand"; 

< Hi, hear our prayer, forgive our sins, 
.■\nd turn Thy judgments from the land. 

<.)ur lathers placed their trust in Thee, 

And Tliou didst lead them like a flock ; 
Through Tliee they stemm\l the wintry 
waves. 
Through Thee they braved the battle's 
shock. 

IJe to the sons once more, O God, 
.\s to tlieir sires Thou wertsolong; 

Kevive our faith, rebuke our fears, 
And let us in Thy might be strong. 

The cloud which thickens o'er our jjath, 
' T is Thine alone to chase awaj' ; 

( Hi ! show the brightness of Thy face. 
And turn our darkness into day. 

Pour forth Thy spirit, gracious Lord, 

To keeji us in this hour of need ; 
-\ppease the rage which rends our land. 

And bid its wounds no longer bleed. 

In vain we burnish sword or shield. 
Without a blessing from on high; 

If radiant Willi no smile from Thee, 
In vain onr banners sweep the sky. 

<iive counsel to our chosen chiefs, 
(-Jive courage to our martial bands; 

Let prayer, and faith, and trust in God 
Inflame their hearts and nerve their hands. 

In no resentment let them strike. 
No hatred stain their holy cause; 

Hut consecrated be each arm 
To " Union, Freedom, and the Laws." 

And oh, in Thine own time, restore 
Good will and peace from sea to sea ; 

And in each brother's breast revive 
The love that springs from love to Thee. 

So may our land, from danger freed. 
With one consent Thy mercy own ; 

And every knee and heart be bent 
In grateful homage at Thy throne. 

" Not unto us — not unto us," 

Iii.1oyful chorus we will siii^, 
" Hut all the glory, all the praise, 

lie unto Tjuie, our God and King." 



'■They Can't Draft me Now." — 
Au iustaiK'e wliereiii was depicted the 
foolish fear some persons are apt to in- 
dulge, respeotinojthe possibility of being 
drafted into actual military service, and 
the extremity to wliich this fear carries 
them, has come under our notice. A 
gentleman, who shall be nameless, called 

upon Doctor ,S a few days since, and 

inquired wliat would disqualify liim tor 
military service and prevent his being 
drafted. lie was informed, among otiier 
tilings, that the loss of the foretinger of 
his right hand would liave tlie etlecr. 
Talcing liis leave of tlie Doctor, the ap- 
prehensive individual was lost sight of 
for about an liour, ■when he .again made 
hi.s appearance, wishing tlie stump of 
liis finger dressed, the same having been 
accidentally ••amputated" while ciitting 
wood! Proper liniments, etc., having 
been applied, tlie ]iatriot, as he ^vas 
emerging from the door, exclaimed, in 
an exultant voice, "They can't di'aft me, 
now ! " — [New Haven .journal. 



One of Our Braves. 

Tlie Worcester Spy has a touching 
t riliute, from the pen of Henry S. AVasli- 
liuni, to the memory of Lieut. ,1. Wil- 
liam (Jrout, who was liilled at Hall's 
Blufl'. Tliis young and promising offlcei' 
was only eighteen years old. He was 
tlie son of wealthy piirents, and early 
evinced a fondness for military pursuits. 
When war was declared he expressed a 
wish at once to ealer the army; but his 
parents withheld their consent, chiefly 
on account of his youth. When, how- 
ever, they yielded to his importunities, 
his joy knew no bounds, and with all 
the .'U'dor of his nature, he eng;iged in 
Ihe work of preparation for hi-; new 
c:illing. He had received a military edu- 
cation at the Highland institute, and ob- 
tained a commission as second lieutenant 
in Co. D of the Massachusetts Fifteenth, 
an honor rarely bestowed U]ion so young 
a |ierson. Of his services at Ball'.* Bluff 
Ihe following account is given : 

'• He was there, and nobly did he dis- 
charge his duty. It was observed that 
he dis]ilayed great coolness and bravery ; 
and in one instance, at least, his right 
arm did signal execution. When all 
hope had fled, and the day was evidently 
lost, and the order to retreat given, ho 
knew that he and liis associates liad done 
all that men could do, and that Massa- 
chusetts had reason to be proud ot the 
conduct of her sons, on that dreadful 
ti<dd of blood and carnage. Alas, that 
even then his work was done, and his 
warfare finished ! 

"Heliad gained the middle of the stream, 
and would soon have reached the ojipo- 
site bank, when a fata! shot jiierced him, 
and lie excl.-iimed, 'Tell Co. !) I eoulil 
have reached tlie shore, lint I am shot, I 
must sink I ■ and as the waters closed 
over him, the spirit took its flight, to be 
forever free from the throes and conflicts 
of earth. 

"When his death was a nnounccil, ( olo- 
ihd Devens remarked, with deee]) mol ion 
• I)e:ir little fellow, he came to nie at the 
close of the battle and saiil, "Coloiud, is 
there any thing more that I can do for 
you'?" 1 replied. Nothing, but take care 
of yourself.' .Similar testimony of his 
bravery and fidelity has been receiveii 
from numerous sources." 

Mr. Wasliburn concludes his touching 
tribute to the memory of his young 
friend, with the following striking and 
eloipient remarks : — 

'• The records of that sad conflict at 
Ball's Bluff tell the story of the fall of 
one of the oldest and one of the young- 
est officers of the Union forces. One, 
bigli in political position, and the pride 
of our western domain, let the tear of 
charity forever erase the rememlirance 
of his mistakes, if any he made, for he 
was a peerless man, and a tower of 
strength to the nation : the otlicr, a fit- 
ting representative of the uuconqueralile 
pluck ami the chivalrous daring of tlie 
young men of the oldest Common- 
wealth in the Union. Thus were united 
upon the same altar of jiatriolism and 
love of country, the Atlantic .'ind (he 
Pacific — the blossoms of youth and Ihe 



92 



INCH) 11 NTS OF THIi CIVIL WAR. 



frosts of age! Oh, who, in view of such 
pledges and such consecrations, can de- 
spair, whatever nuiy he the reverses of 
the moment, of the final triuuipli of the 
rei)ul)licV'' 

t,Evi;i.iN« Fifteen Ackes of Poorest 
Tubes at a Sincji.e Stroke.— K<'fer- 
ring to tlie formidable nature of tiie de- 
fenses of Washington, and tlieir con- 
stant augmentation, a correspondent of 
the Philadelphia /.e*/cr remarks that 
two weeks ago Alexandria was sheltered 
by fifteeu acres of wood; but three 
thousand men in a short time reuKjved 
this green bandagi- from tiie eyes in a 
novel way. The axe-men cut the trees 
onlv on "one side, li'aving them with 
just enougli of tlu" body to keep them 
upright; wlien the utmost verge was 
reached, the largest trees were cut, and 
falling, swept the entire fifteen acres 
with 'one stroke. 'I'hese laps are all 
sharpened, and present a most formid- 
able appearance. 

A Kebel Colonel Weei's. — Colo- 
nel Bratton, of South Carolina, was 
brouglit down on the Vauderbilt yester- 
day, a wounded prisoner. During t.lie 
trip down he saw a wounded South 
Carolinian and a Massachusetts boy suf- 
fering side bv side, engaged in an ani- 
mated conversation. -'My Goil!" ex- 
claimed the Kebel colonel, bursting 
into' tears as lie witnessed the scene; 
" do vou call tills war? But a few hours 
ago,"" continued he, "these two brave 
lads weri' engageii in mortal conflict 
together, and now they are the l)est <if 
friends!"" Such scenes are not uneoin- 
mou, the Rebels being always surprised 
to oliserve that tlieir wounded are so 
well taken care of. 

Father Tayloh, the noted seamen's 
preacher of Boston, recently prayed tor 
the President in this way — "O Lord, 
guide our dear President, our Abraham, 
th(^ friend of (iod, like old Abraham. 
Save him from those wriggling, intrigu- 
ing, politic, piercing, slimy, boring keel- 
worms; don't let them go through the 
sheathing of his integrity." 



The Heroes of Ball's Bluff. 

Alinvc Ihc-iii, (lark ;uiil sloniiy cloucfs; 

lU-lViri' tlieni. lorcsls llik-k with loi^s; 
I'.chin.l tlu-ni, yon steep piefiipico; 

Iiell(^;ith, a. fapiU river flows. 

Thus ooiiipasseil is our gallant baml ; 

'T is not, for tlKMii to <|uestioii wliy ; 
Thonf;ii ten to one the toe advance., 

•T is tlicirs to elmrge, to flglit, anil ilio! 

('ome, ve wlu) ilci-ni that, valor's flcil, 

That'ancirnt kiii'^lilhoiMl 's t,'oni' liir aye. 
\n(l wi-ep with ns wlio inonni our dcnil, 
As on tlio battle-lield they lie. 

With pale, cold fares upward lurncil, 
S(H! till' stfonsnian and sliMider yonth, 

Who nobly fon;ihl and nobly Icll 
For (Jod", for country, and tor truth. 

Thoir mission done, their work fiillllled. 
They 've goni^ with God in peace to dwell ; 

And n'ow, pcfchauco, are watching o'er 
The country they have .served so well. 

(> conntrvl to thv sons so dear. 
That tludr life iilood they gladly give, 

Enshrine these heroes in thy heart, 
.\nd let their names forever live. A. .\. 11. 



commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS. 

By His Kxccllency John A. Andrew, Gov- 
ernor, a Proclamation for a day of 
Public Th.-inksgiving and Praise. 

The example of the fathers, and the dic- 
tates of pietv and gratitude, summon the peo- 
ple of Massa"chusctt3 at this, the harvest sea- 
son, crowning the year with the rich proofs 
of the wisdom and love of tiod, to Join in a 
solemn and joyful act of united praise and 
thanksgiving to the Bountitul Giver of every 
gooil and perfect gift. 

I do, therefore, with the advice and consent 
of the Council, appoint TUntSDAY, the 
twenty-first day of November ne.xt, the same 
being" the anniversary of that day, in the 
year of our Lord si.xteen humlred anil twen- 
ty, on wdiieh the Pilgrims of Massai-hn.sctts, 
on board the .V(i//.ilowcr. united fheuiselves in 
a solemn and written compact of govern- 
ment, to be observed by the people of Massa- 
chusetts as a d.ay of public thanksgiving and 
praise. And I invoke its observance by all 
the people with devout and religious joy. 

" Sing aloud unto God, our strength : make 

a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob. 
Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, 

the pleasant harp with the psaltery, 
lilow up the trumpet in tlie m^w moon, in the 

time appointed, on our solemn fea.st-day. 
For this was a statute for Israel, and a law ol 

the God of .Itwob." — I'mlms Ixxxi, v. 1-4. 

"O bless our Goil.ye peopUs and make the 

voice of His praise to be heard; 
Which holdeth our soul in lite, and suffereth 

not our feet to be moved. 
For thou. O God, hath proved us: tliou hast 

tried us, as silver is tried. "— /'satoi.s Ixvi, 

V. 8-10. 

Let us rejoice in God and be thankful ; lor 
the fuUnes's with wliich he has blessed us in 
our basket, and in our store, giving large re- 
ward to the toil of the husbandman, so that 
"our paths drop fatnes.s." . 

For the manv and gentle alleviations ot the 
hardships, which in the present time ot pub- 
lic disorder, have atl'ected the various pur- 
suits of industry. . . 

For tlie early evidences of tlie reviving en- 
ergies of the busiuess of the people. 

l'\ir the measure of success which has at- 
tended the enterprise of those who go down 
to the sea in sliips, of tliose who search the 
depths of the ocean to add to the lood of 
man, and of those whose busy skill and han- 
dicraft combine to prepare for various use 
the crops of the earth and the sea. 

For the ailvantages of sound learning, 
placed within the reach of all the children ot 
thc^ people, and the freedom and alacrity 
with which these advantages are embraced 
and improved. , . . 

For the opportunities of religious instruc- 
tion aiKl worship, universally enjoyed by 
eouscienoes unrestrained by any human au- 
tliority. , , , , 

For " the redemption of the world by Jesus 
(Jlirist, for the means of grace, and the hope 
of glory." , , , . 

And with one accord let us bless and praise 
God for the oneness of heart, mind, and pur- 
pose, in which lie has united the people ot 
this ancient cominonwealtli, for the defense 
of the rights, lilierties, and honor of our be- 
loved country. , . , 
May we stand forever in the same mind, 
remembering the devoted lives of our fath- 
ers, the pieciou-i inheritance of freedom re- 
ceiveii at their hands, the weight ol glory 
which awaits th: faithful, and the infinity of 
blessing which it is our jn-ivilege, it we will, 
to transmit to the countless generations ol 
Ihe future. 

And, while our tears How m a stream oi 
cordial sympathv with tin- ilaughters ot our 
people, just now berelt.by the violenceol the 
wicked and lebellioiis, of the fathers and 
brothers and husbands and sons, whose he- 
roic blood has inaile verily sa,ered the soil ot 
Virginia, and, mingling with the waters ot 
the I'otomac, has niadi> the river now and 
forever ours; let our souls arise to God on 
the wings of ]u-a,ise, in thanksgiving that He 
has again grantiHl to us the privilege ol liv- 
ing unselHshly and of dying nobly, m agranil 
and i-ighteous" cause. . 

For tlie precious and rare possession ot so 
nuich devoted valor and manly heroism. 



For the .sentiment of pious duty which dis- 
tinguished our fallen in the camp and in the 
field. 

.\iid for the blessed and sweet consolation 
which accompany the memories of those 
dear sons of Massachusetts on to immortal- 
ity- 

And in our praise let us also be penitent. 
Let us " seek the truth and ensue it," and pre- 
pare our minds for whatever duty shall be 
luanifestcd hereafter. 

May the controversy in -ivliich we stand be 
found worthy in its consumm'ation of the he- 
roic sacrilices of the people and the precious 
blooil of their sons, of the doctrine and faith 
of the fathers, and consistent with the honor 
of God, and with justice to all men. 
.Viid, 

" Let God arise, let His enemies be scat- 
tered : let them also that hate Him flee before 
Him. As smoke is driven away, so drive 
them away." — /'sa^ras, Ixviii, 1 and 2. 

" .Scatter them by Ihv power, and bring 
them down, O Lonl, our shield." — /'snim.<, 
lix, 11. 

Given at the council-chamber, this thirty-first 
day of October, in the year of our I.,ord 
one thousand eight hundred and sixtj-- 
one, and the eighty -si.xth of the independ- 
ence of the United States of America. 

JOHN A. ANDREW, 
By His Excellency the Governor, with the ad- 
vice and consent of the council. 

OLIVER WARNER, Secretai-y. 
Ooil save the commomrealth of Massachusetts. 



The "Vacant Chair — Thanksgiving, '61. 

[We copy from the Worcester Spy the fol- 
lowing touching and beautiful lines, which, 
we infer from the initials, are the production 
of Henry S. Washburn, Esq. Mr. Washburn 
is actively engaged in manufacturing pur- 
suits, but occasionally launches a waif upon 
the sea of literature', which has a felicity of 
style and expression that makes it a treasure 
in many a scrap-book. 

These lines were written in memory ot 
Lieut. Wm. Grout of the Massachusetts Fif- 
teenth, who was killed at Hall's BIulT, a young 
friend whose memory Mr. Washburn recently 
embalmed in a touching obituary notice. 
They are not less applicable to other fire- 
sides which, owing to the casualties of this 
mournful war, have their vacant chairs:—] 

We shall meet, but we shall miss him. 
There will be one vacant chair ; 

We shall linger to caress him. 
While we breathe our evening-prayer. 

When a year ago we gathered, 

Joy was in his mild blue eye, 
But a golden cord is severed. 

And our hopes in ruin lie. 

At our fireside, sad and lonely, 

Often will the bosom swell. 
At remembrance of the story. 

How our noble Willie fell. 

How he strove to bear our banner. 
Through the thickest of the fight. 

And upheld our country's honor. 
With the strength of manhood's might. 

True, they tell us wreaths of glory 

Evermore will deck his brow. 
But this soothes the anguish only. 

Sweeping o'er our heart-strings now. 

Sleep to-day, O early fallen ! 

In thy green and narrow bed; 
Dirges" fnun the pine and cypress 

Mingle with the tears we shed. 

>Ve .shall meet, but we shall miss him. 
There will be one vacant chair ; 

We shall linger to caress him, 
When we breathe our evening-iiraycr. 

WOUCKSTEU, Nov. 16, 181)1. H. S. W. 



A 1)AI!ING E.xi'LOiT.— We he:ir a cur- 
ious story ot daring (Ui the part of Lieut. 
Joseph C. Uill, Co. .V.Maine Cavalry, 
who is probably remembered by many 
of our citizens". Lieutenant Hill was 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



93 



acting quartermaster of the five com- 
panies of cavalry in Banl^s's division. 
During tlic retreat, wliile getting liis 
teams togetlier, lie was captured by a 
squad of Relsel cavalry, placed in one of 
liis own teams and guarded by a mount- 
ed soldier was driven oft', liaving been 
previously disarmed. Witli true Yankee 
cm'iosity, lie was anxious to know what 
there was in tlie wagon. After some 
seardiing he dug out a loaded revolver, 
after wliicli. Jumping from the team he 
shot his guard, tooli his horse and re- 
capturing his own and some otlier teams, 
he drove back to the Federal lines. — 
[Kennebec Journal. 



RetaeDl of GeDeral Scott ! 

HIS LETTER TO THE SECRETARY OF WAR, 
SPECIAL CABINET COUNCIL. 

General Scott Placed Upon flie Retired List. 



ADDItliSS OF GENERAl, SCOTT TO THE 
PKE.SIDBNT AND CABINET. 



Letter from ttie Secretary of War. 



General McClellan Assumes Com- 
mand OF THE United States Army. 



News from tbe Rebel C.imps. 

OF INOUIRY IN COIIIKIANOLR SCOTTS CASE. 



Washington, Nov. 1 . The following 
letter from General Scott was received 
by the President on Thursday after- 
noon : — 

Heauquarters of the Akmv, j 

WASmNGTON, Oct. 31, 1861. ( 

The Hon. S. Cameron, Secretary of War: 

Sir, — For more than three years I bave 
been unable, from a hurt, to mount a horse, 
or to walk more than a few paces at a time, 
and that with much pain. Other and new 
infirmities, dropsy and verti;^o, admonish me 
tliat repose of mind and body, wath the ap- 
pliances of surgery and meilicine, are neces- 
sary to add a little more to a life already 
proti'acted much beyond the usual span of 
man. It is under such circumstances, made 
doubly painful by the unnatio'at and unjust 
rebellion now raginj^ in tbe Suutlicrn states 
of our so lately prosperous and happy Union, 
that 1 am compelled to request that my name 
be placed on the list of army officers retired 
from active service. As "this request is 
founded on an absolute right, granted by a 
recent act of Congress, 1 am entirely at liberty 
to say that it is with deep regret that I with- 
draw myself in these momentous times from 
the orders of a President who has treated 
me with much distinguished kindness and 
courtesy, whom I know, upon nmch personal 
intercourse, to be patriotic without sectional 
prejudices; to be highly conscientious in the 
performance of every duty, and unrivaled in 
activity and peryeveranee. And to you, Mr. 
Secretary, whom I officially address for the 
last time, I beg to acknowledge my many ob- 



ligations for the uniform high consideration 

1 have received at your hands, and have the 

honor to remain, sir, witli tlie highest respect. 

Your obedient servant, 

WlXFIELf) .SCOTT. 

A special Cabinet council was con- 
vened this morning at 9 o'clock, to take 
tlie subject into consideration. It was 
decided that General Scott's request, 
under the circumstances of his advanced 
age and infirmities, could not be di'clined. 
General ilcCleilan was, therefore, with 
the unanimous agreement of the f'aliinet, 
notified that the command of tlie army 
would be devolved upon him. 

At 4 o'clock in the afternoon the Cali- 
inet again waiteti upon the President, 
and attended him to the residence of 
General Scott. Being seated, the Presi- 
dent read to the General the following 
order : — 

On the first day of November, A. D. KSfil, 
upon his own ai)plication to the President of 
the ITnited States, IJrevct Lieutenant-general 
Winfield Scott is ordered to be placed, and 
hereby is placed, upon the list of retired ofli- 
cers of the armj^ of the United States, witliout 
reduction in his current pay, subsistence, oi- 
allowances. The American people will bear 
with sadness and deep emotion that General 
Seott lias withdrawn from the active control 
of the army, while the President and unani- 
mous Cabinet express their own and the 
nation's sympathy in his person:\l alfliction, 
and their" profound sense of the important 
public services rendered by him tohiscoun- 
trv during his long and brilliant career, 
among which will ever be gratefully dis- 
tinguished his faithful devotion to the Con- 
stitution, the Union, and the, fl.ag wlien 
assailed by parricide rebellion. 

(Signed.) ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

General Seott thereupon arose and 
ad<lressed the President and Cabinet, 
who had also arisen, as follows: — 

" President : This honor overwhelms 
me. It over-pays all the services I have 
attempted to render to my country. If 
I liad any claims before, they are all 
obliterated by this expression of ap- 
proval by the'President witli the remain- 
ing suiijiort of his Caljiuet. I know the 
President and this Cabinet well; I know 
that tlie country has placed its interests 
in this trying crisis in sate Iceejiing. 
Their ccuiiisels are wise, their labors as 
unremitting as they are loyal, and their 
course is the right one. 

" President, you must excuse me ; I am 
unable to stand longer to give utterance 
to the feelings of gratitude which op- 
press me. In my retirement t shall ofl'er 
up my prayers to God for this a<lmiuis- 
tration and for my country. I shall 
pray for it with confidence in its success 
over all enemies, and that speedily." 

The President then took leave of Gen- 
eral Scott, giving him his hand, and 
saying that he hoped soon to write him 
a private letter, expressive of his grati- 
tude and aft'ectiou. The President then 
added : — 

"General, you will naturall.y feel a 
solicitude about the gentlemen of your 
statt", who ha^•e rendered you and their 
country such faithful service. I have 
taken that subject into consideration. 1 
understand tliat they go with you to 
New York. I shall desire them, at their 
earliest convenience after their return, 
to make their wishes known to me. I 
desire you now, liowever, to be satisfied 
that, except the unavoidable privation 



of your counsel and society, which they 
have so long enjoyed, the provision 
which will be m.ade for them will be 
such as to render their situation as 
agreeable hereafter as it h;is been here- 
tofore." 

Each member of the administralion 
then gave his han<l to the veteran, and 
retu'ed in profound silence. 

The .Secretary of fhe Treasury and the 
Secretary of \\'ar accompany (leneral 
Scott to New York to-morrow by tlie 
early train. 

The following is (lie response of the 
Secretary of War to the letter of Gen- 
eral Seott : — 

War DECARi-.MENr, / 

WASm.NOTON, Nov. 1, ISIil. ( 

General, — \\. was my duty to lay before the 
President your letter of yesterday, asking to 
be relieved on the recent act of Congress. 
In separating from you I can not retrain from 
e.^pressing my deep regiet that your health, 
sbatteretl by long service and repeated 
wounds rece'ived in >'our country's defense, 
should render it necessary for ><iu to retire 
from your high position at this momentous 
period of our hi.story. Although you are not 
to remain in active service, 1 yet hope that 
while I continue in charge of tlie department 
over which I now preside, 1 shall at times be 
permitted to avail myself of the benefits of 
your wise counsels and sage *'.\perienc<!. 

It has been my good fortune to enjoy a per- 
sonal acquaintance with vou for over thirty 
years, and tbe jileasant relations of that long 
time have been greatly strengtlieiied by your 
cordial and entire co-operation in all tlie 
great questions which have occupied the 
department and coavnlsed the country for 
the last si.x montlis. In parting from you, I 
can only express the hope that a merciful 
Providence, that has protected you amid so 
many trials, will improve your health, and 
continue your life long afti;r the people of 
the country shall have been restored to their 
former happiness and iirosperit}'. 

I am. General, very sincerely, your friend 
and servant, siMON CAMKRON, 

Secri^tary of War. 

Lieut. -GES. Winfiei.h .scort, present. 

Major-general McClellan, to-night, is- 
sued the following order : — 

HEAD-QCMiTEItS OK TUK .\KMV,/ 
WASIIlNOro.V, Nov. 1, ISGl. \ 

GENERAL OROER XO. 111. 

In accordance with (ieiioral Order No. W 
from tlie War department, I hereby assume 
command of the armies of the United Statics. 
In the midst of ilifflculties which encompas.^ 
and divide the nation, hesitation and self- 
ilistrust may well accompany the assumption 
of so vast a responsibility; but confiding, as 
1 do, in the loyalty, discipline, and courage 
of the troops," anil believing, as I do, that 
Providence will favor ours as the just cause, 
I can not doubt that success will crown our 
efforts and sacrifices. The army will unite 
with me in the feeling of regret, that tlie 
weight of manv years and the etfect of in- 
creasing inflrmili'es contracted and intensified 
in his country's service, should just now 
remove from our head the great soldier of 
our nation; the liero, who, in his youth, 
raised high the reputation of his country in 
the fields of Canada, which he sanctified with 
ills blood ; who, in more mature years, proved 
to the world that .Vmericau skill and valor 
would repeat, if not eclipse, the exploits of 
Cortez in the land of the Montezumas; whose 
whole life has been devoted to the service ot 
his country; whose whole efforts have been 
directed to uphold our honor at the smallest 
sacrifice of life; a warrior who scorned the 
selfish glories of the b.attle-fleld, when his 
great qualities as a statesman could be em- 
ployed more profitably for his country; a 
citizen, ivho, in bis deelining years, has given 
to the worUl the most shining instance c-i 
loyalty, disregarding all the ties of birth, anri 
elingiiig still to the cause of truth and honor. 
Such has been the career and character oi 
Winfield Scott, whom it has long been the 



94 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



ilclisil.t of tlii^ nation to lionor, both as a man 
and a soldier. 

W'liilc we refiret his loss, there is one thing 
we can not regret — the bright example he 
has left for onr emnlation. Let us all hope 
anil pray thai his declining years may be 
passed in peace and happiness, and that they 
may be cheered by the success of tlie country 
and the cause he has fought for and loved so 
well. Beyond all that, let us do nothing that 
will cause him to blush for us. Let no defeat 
of the army he has so long eommanded etn- 
bilter Ins last years, but let our victories 
ilUiminate the close of a life so grand. 

(Signed.) GEO. B. JlfCLKLLAN, 

Major-general Commanding U. S. Army. 

Doctor Lloyd, of Vieima, who has for 
some tiiiii' been aethig ai? a voliintccr 
guiilo for tlie Federal troops in that 
vicinity, was arrosted yesterday by or- 
der of General Haneoek, and conveyed 
to Washiuo;ton. He is accused of giving 
inforniation to the Reb(ds. 

A "contraband" who came within the 
lines of General Hancock to-day reports 
that he left >Ianassas .lunction on Wed- 
nesday; that the Reb<'ls have extensive 
fortifications at ( 'entreville, and an army 
of fifty tlionsand; and that their camp 
extends to within two miles of Fairfax 
court-house. At Manassas they have 
about ten thousand troops. 

'I'he outer pickets of General jVIcCall's 
division were driven in last night, indi- 
lating an advance of tlie Kcbel army. 
A large |)arty was sent out to meet 
them, when they retreated. Their ol)- 
ject evidently was to ca|)ture the men on 
the outposts. 

Signal lights were iilainly visible last 
niglit in the direction of 1-eesburg, and 
also towards ('entreville. 

\ naval court of inquiry, to consist of 
Conunodores Shubrick, Stribbling, and 
S.ands, has been ordered to convene in 
this city on Monday, the 4th inst., to 
inquire into the I'ause of the failure of 
Com. Gustavus H. Scott, as the com- 
manding ollicer of the Keystone Stole, 
to obey the orders given him .Fuly Itlth, 
to ))roceed to sea for the jmrpose of 
pursinng the Sumtir until some delinite 
informotion of her could be obt,iin<'d, 
and if sucli informaticui could not t)e 
obtained, to proceed to Jamaica to coal, 
thence to St. Thomas, and return to 
Havana .and Key West, thence to report 
l'(U' the (inlf s(iuadron. 



An Act Wouthv of RECOiti). — .\ 

correspondent, writing from a division 
of the .-irniy of (Jeni^ral McClellan, on 
tlic banks of ihe (.'hickahominy, says: — 
"General Sedgwick's command is 
<'anii)ed o]ii)osite here, i, e., oi)i)osite 
I'orter's division. Tliis morning, it 
being necessary to connnunicate to 
Sedgwick, (ieneral Martindali', com- 
maniling (mr forces at New Bridge, 
trii'd in several regiments of liis own 
brigade to liml somebody to cross the 
stream. .Nol)ody otlered. Finally he 
came to the Massachusetts Ninth. Mat- 
thew I>inn, of Co. 10, and O'Hearn. 
of Co. 15, volunteeri'd, and succeedi-d 
in carrying the message across in 
fac(> of th(^ cin'iny's picl;ets, ami I'e- 
tui'ued in safety. l.inn is therefore 
restored to his rank of sergeant, and 
liolh men are excused from all duty 
<'xeelit fighting for two months. " 



Song of the Massachusetts Twenty- 
fifth Regiment. 

[ liesptctfitily Dt:di>:ated to Culoutl Upluli umf his 
CommaiuL] 

BV UEXRY S. \V.\SUiaKN". 

The Hunter's moon is shining 

On our fields of ripened grain, 
And our garners wait tln_* coming 

of tlie reaper from the plain; 
Wiiile in serried ranks we gatlier, 

\\'ith a purpose lirm and high, 
Onrcountrv shall I'e rescued, 
Or the Worcester Ixivs will die. 
Ife an Mnssuclnisftis soUlkrs, 

And won't ijirf u/i tic tihip. 
Is the vow thttt '/'lirtrs siernlijy 
On every bvotlttr's Up, 

W'k love our State dearly. 

But prize our L'nion move, 
^Vith its mighty sweep of acres, 

.Stretching on from shore to shore ; 
And the record, it is written. 

With a purpose firm and high. 
Our country shall be rescued. 

Or the Worcester boys will die. 
IVe are Massachunetts soldiers, etc. 

Then here 's a song for Freedom, 

Whose mandates we ol>ey, 
With our banner streaming o 'er us, 

We march along oiu" way ; 
And the Stars and .Stripes shall never 

Be humbled to the foe, 
Till our strong right arm is shattered, 

Aud our blood shall cease to flow. 
We are Massachnsetts soldiers, etc. 

And here 's a parting blessing, 

As we strike our tents to-day. 
For the loved who linger around us, 

And cheer us on our way ; 
For our hills, and smiling valleys, 

For the cot where we were born. 
For the school-house standing near it. 

And the cattle on the lawn. 
Wliile in serried ranks we gather. 

With a purpose firm and high, 
Our country shall be rescued, 

<.)r the Worcester boys will die. 
Jf'c are .\fassachusetis soldiers, etc. 
WOUCESTEU, Oct. 21, 18(11. 



When Parson Brownlow will Join 
the Democrats. 

.Vn Arkansas correspondent, who 
probably wanted to " wake uj) " Itev. 
-Mr. Brownlow of the Knoxville (Tenn.) 
\Vlii(i. wrote to the latter, stating that he 
hail learned with pleasure, upon what 
"he considered reliable authority," that 
Mr. I?rownlow was about to join the 
Democrats, and asked for the probable 
date of that interesting occurrence. Jlr. 
Brownlow gave the date, or at least 
data for the date, as follows: — 

IvNoxvii.i.r,, Aug. (i, ISGO. 

Mr. -Ionian Clark,— I ha\'e your letter of 
theSnth ult., and hasten to let yon know the 
l)ri'eise time when I e.xpeet to come out and 
lormally annnunee that I lia\'c j«nued the 
Di-mocratic iiart>-. When tlli^ sun shines at 
midnighl and the moon at midday— wlien 
man forgt'ts to bi- seltish, or l>(;moc'rats lose 
Iheir inclinatitnis to steal — when Nature 
sloi)s her onwarfl nu\rch to rest, or all the 
watei- courses in America liow up stream — 
when tlowers lose their odor, and trees shed 
no leaves — when liird>^ talk and beasts of 
burden laugh — wln'ii dannicd spirits swap 
tieli lor hea\'en, \vini the angels of lighl . and 
paylheni the boot in unnin whiskey — when 
inipnssibililies are in fashion, and nt) propo- 
sili(Hi is loo absurd lo be believed, ><ni may 
ere<lit the report that 1 have .joined the 
hcmocrats! 

I .join the Democrats? Never, so long as 
there are sects in ehur<'lM^s— weeds in gar- 
dens — fleas in hogpens — dirt in \-ietuals — 
disputes in families— wars Willi nations — 
water in the ocean — bad intni in -\inci-ica, or 
bad women in France! No, .I<.)rdan (lark, 
yon may hopc^ — you may cftngratnlate — yttn 



may reason — you may sneer — but that can 
not' be. The thrones of the Old World — the 
(Jourt of tile tiniverse — the governments of 
the world, may all fall and crumble into 
ruin — the New World may commit the 
national suicide of dissol\ing this I'liion, but 
all this must occur. before I join the Demo- 
cracy. 

1 join the Democracy ? .lordan Clark, you 
know not what you say. When I join Demo- 
cracy, the Pope of Rome will join the Metho- 
dist Church — when .Jordan Clark of Arkansas 
is President of the Republic of Great Britain, 
by universal sutTrage of a contented people 
— when Queen Victoria consents to be di- 
vorced from Prince Albert, by a county court 
in Kansas — when Congress obliges bylaw 
.James Buchanan to marry a l-;uropean Prin- 
cess— when the Pope leases the Capitol at 
Washington for his city residence — when 
Alexander of Russia and Napoleon of France 
are elected Senators in Congress from New 
Mexico — when good men cease to go to 
Heaven or bad men to hell — when this 
world is turned upside down — when proof is 
atTorded, both clear aud unquestionable, that 
tliere is no Uod — when men turn to ants, and 
ants to elephants, I will change iny political 
faith, and eomi^ out on the side of De- 
mocracy! 

Supposing th.'vt this full and frank letter 
will enable ytin to fix ujion tlitj. period when 
I will come out a full-grown Democrat, and to 
communicate the same to all whom it may 
concern in Arkansas, 

I have the honor to be, etc., 

W. G. BROWNLOW. 



Daring Feat. 

'i'he following particulars of a teat of 
great daring, in wliich some of the men 
of the Connecticut Ninth regiment 
shared, have been furnished to one of 
the New York papers : — 

" It appears that on the ."ith inst.ant, 
after three companies of the Ninth Con- 
necticut regiment had landed at I'ass 
Christian, it was discovered that the 
Maym- of that town had hastily de- 
camped to Sbieldsboro' (a town on the 
mainland. Mississippi, on the v.esterly 
side of the l$ay St. Louis, which puts 
inland from the Gulf), and from there 
was sending dispatches over tlie tele- 
graph, a jiortion of wliich is submarine, 
across th'' Bay St. Louis, to Xew Or- 
leans and Mobile, informing the lieliel 
;iuthorities there of the action ot the 
I'nion forces, and asking for immediate 
reinforcements. To destroy this means 
of communication became a matter of 
necessity, and was soon determined on. 
Jlr. Hazlitt and John G. Orniond, 
master's mates of the Uatteras, were 
l)lac(>(l in command of an expedition, 
consisting of seven sailors from the 
Hntleras and six men and an orderly 
sergeant from the Ninth Connecticut, 
charged with the accomiilishiuent of 
the desired object. 

" They immediately seized a liebel 
schooner near I'ass Christian and sailed 
on their jierilous adventure, having first 
built up on lier decks a fortification of 
cordwood, designed to protect the party 
from the shots of the Kelxd soldiery who 
had repaired to Shieldsboro', three hun- 
dred aud fifty strong, armed with rifles 
and twelve li-poundei' cannon, to jiro- 
tect the telegraph. The I>ay St. Louis, 
at the point oiiposite Shieldslioro', wliere 
the cable is submerged, is a mile and 
three-(piarters in wiilth. At a distance 
of tliree-(juarlers of a mile from the 
Shieldsboro' sliore is an old hulk, which 



\Ccmelnpkhere, i/ctv y^ CfiiitoetHilmcktiMtm, utOMa,-] 

\ blacJf r/if f a/. y \ V ^U t^JiHeZ/ C O/^TRABAN' L^,^ 





ArTem,!-, Warii havmg hkI nr. W<':< F>t:tier Snow fi(,ca1e(l, is t^l^on 
beforf? Jpff. Djvi!, by t^lp Vigilance Committee 










Far-similes of Envelopes used during the Rebellion. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



95 



had been fsuuk for the purpose of sup- 
porting- the cable, and over tlie deck 
of Avhieli it crosses. Here it was the 
little party determined to sever tlie line. 
Having arrived within a short distance 
of this hulk, the Union fleet t)eing six- 
teen miles in the rear, they came to 
anchor, lowered the boat they had pro- 
vided for the purpose, and, armed eaeh 
with a rifle, cutlass, and revolver, pulled 
for the hulk. The Rebels on sliore, no- 
ticing this manoeuvre, now opened on 
them, tiring very wildly with their 
cannon, but making some excelUmt 
shots with their rifles, completely rid- 
dling the small boat, but, fortunately, 
injuring none of the party. 

"Having reached the hulk, theyatouce 
commenced their endeavors to sever the 
cable, but found tlie job a remarkably 
tough ouc, as the insulated cable had an 
outer covering of five coils of fivc- 
righths iron, of so hard a character tliat 
their axes were almost worthless aftn- 
having been used on it for a short time. 
At last, however, they succeeiled, and, 
as if in defiance of the Kebel shot, which 
were all the while playing rouml tliem, 
they then ascended to the quarter-doi-k 
of the hulk, raised the Stars and Stripes, 
fir<'d a volley at the Secesh, and gave 
three IiHurty cheers for the Union. 
This was responded to by a i>erfect 
shower of bullets from the IJebels, but 
none of our party were hurt. Having 
accomplished the object of their expe- 
dition, they fastened the severed cable 
to the stern sheets of their small boat 
and towed it into the middle of the bay, 
where they sunk it, thus mosteftectu;i]ly 
breaking the telegraphic comnuinicat ion 
between the two principal cities of 
Rebeldom on the Gulf coast. 

^* Conimauder Emmeus of the Ilatteras^ 
in a comnnmication to the Navy de- 
partment at Washington, says of this 
small but gallant expedition, that it 
most gloriously succeeded, in spite of a 
heavy fire of musketry and (]-])Ouud 
shot, in cutting the telegraphic com- 
nmnication between Mobile and New 
Orleans." 



Artemus "Ward's Show Confiscated. 

You hcv perhaps wontlered wliarol)out.s I 
was for these many dase gone and past, 
t'erchans you sposed I 'd gone to the Toonis 
of the Cappylets.tho I do n't know what those 
is. It's a poplar uoospaper frase. 

Listen to my taiJ, and be silent that ye may 
hero. I 've been among the Seseshers a 
earnin my daily peek by my legitimit pcr- 
fcshun, and haven't liad no time to weeld my 
facile quill for " the Great Komick psipcr," 
if yon '11 allow mo to kote from your trooth- 
ful advertisement. 

My success was skaly, and I likewise had a 
narrow scape of my life. If what I 've been 
threw is " Suthern hosspitality," 'bout which 
we have hearn so much, then I feel bound to 
obsarve that they made too much of me. 
They was altogether too lavish with their at- 
tenshuns. 

I went among the Seseshevs with no feelins 
of annevmosity. I went in my perfesboi-nal 
capacity. I was actooated by one of the 
most Loftiest desires which can swell the 
luiman Boozum, viz. : — to giv the people 
their money's worth, by showin them .Sa- 
gashus Beasts, and \Vax Statoots which I 
venter to say are onsurpast by any other 
statoots anywlieres. I will not call that man 
who sez my statoots arc humbugs a licr and 



hoss thief but bring him be 4 me and 1 '11 
wither him with one of my skornful frowns. 

But to proceed with my tail. In my travels 
threw the Sonny South 1 beared a heap of 
talk about Seseshun and bustin up the 
Union, but I did n't think it mounted to 
nothin. The politicians in all the villages 
was sweariu that Old Abe (sometimes calletl 
the Prahayi'ie flower) should n't never be 
noggerated. They also made fools of their- 
selves in varis ways, but as they was used to 
that I did n't let it worrj' very much, and the 
Stars and Stripes continered for to wave over 
my little tent. — Moor over, I was a sou ol 
Malty and a member of several other Tem- 
perance Societies, and my wife she was a 
hawter of Malty, and I sposed these fax 
would secoor me the inflooz and pertection 
of all the fust famerlies. Alas! I was dis- 
pinted. — State arter Statu scseshcd and it 
growed hotter and hotter for the under- 
sined. — Things come to a climbmacks in a 
.small town in Ahibamy, whore I was prem- 
torally ordered to haul down the Stars and 
Strips. A deppytashuu of red faced men 
cum ui> to the <loor of my tent where I was 
standin takin money (the artcrnoon exlii- 
bishun had commenst, an my Italyun or- 
ganist war jerkin his sole-stiVrin chimes). 

" We air cum. Sir, " said a millingtary man 
in a cockt hat, " upon a hi and holey m'ishun. 
The Southern Eagle is screamin " threwout 
this sunny land — proudly and defiantly 
screamin, Sir! " 

"What's the matter with him," scz I. 
" don't his vittles sit well on his stummick':' " 

" Tliat Eagle, Sir, will continner to scream ' 
all over this Brite und tremenjus land ! " 

" Wall, let him scream. If your Kagle can 
amuse himself by screamin, let him went!" 
The men anoyed me, for I was busy makin 
change. 

" We. are cum, Sir, upon a matter of 
ddoty - — " 

'•You're right, Capting. It 's every man's 
dooty to visit my show, " sed I. 

" We air cum " 

"And that's the reason you are here! " sez 
I. lartlng one of my silvery larfs. I thawt if 
he wanted togoak'l 'd give him some of my 
sparkling eppygrams. 

" Sir, you 'reinserlent. The plain question 
is. will you haul down the Star-spangled Ban- 
ner, and hist the Southern flag! " 

" Xary hist! " Those was my reply. 

" Your wax works and beasts is then con- 
fisticated, and you air arrested as a spy ! " 

Sez I, " My fragrant roses of the Southern 
clime and "blooming daflfodills, what 's the 
price of whisky in this town, and how many 
cubic feet of tliat seductive tlooid can yoii 
individooally hold?" 

They iikhIc no reply to that, but said my 
wax tigun-s was confisticated. I axed theiii 
if that was giuerally the stile among thieves 
in that counti-y, to which they also made no 
reply, but sed 1 was arrested as a spy, and 
must go to Montgomery in iuns. They was 
by this time jined by a large crowd of other 
Southern patrits, who commenst hollerin, 
" Hang the bald-headed aberlitionist, and 
bust up his immoral exhibition!" I was 
ceased and tied to a stump, and the crowd 
went tor my teut — that water-proof pavil- 
lion, wheiein instruction and amoosement 
had been so muchly combined, at 15 cents ]>er 
head — and tore it all to pieces. Meanwhile 
dirty-faced boys was throwin stuns and 
empty beer bottles at my massive brow, & 
takin other improper liberties with my 
person. Resistance was useless, tor a va- 
riety of reasons, as 1 readily oltsarvcd. 

The Seseshcrs confisticatell my statoots by 
breaking them to attums. They then went 
to my money box and conlisticated all the 
loose change therein contained. — They then 
went and bust in my cages, lettin all the ani- 
miles loose, a small but helthy tiger among 
the rest. This tiger has a exeentric way of 
tearin dogs to pieces, and I allers sposed 
from his gineral conduck that he 'd have no 
hesitashun in servin human beings in the 
same way if he could get at them. Excuse 
me if I was crooil, but I larfed boysterrusly 
when I saw that tiger spring in among the 
peple. 

"Go it, my sweet cuss!" I inardly ex- 
claimed. *' I forgive you for bitiu off niy left 
thum with all my heart! Rip 'em up like a 
bully tiger whose Lare has been inwaded by 
Sesesbers! " 

I can't say for certain that the tiger serisly 



injured any of them, but as he was seen a few 
days after sum miles distant, with a large 
and well selected assortment of seats of 
trowsis in his mouth, and as he lookt as tho 
he'd been having sum vilent exercise. 1 
rayther guess he did. You will therefore 
])erceive that thej- didn't conlistieate liim 
much. 

I was carried to Montgomery in iuns and 
placed in durans vial. The jail was a ornery 
ediliss, but the table was librally surplied 
with Bakin and Cabbidge. This was a gootl 
variety, for when I did n't hanker after Bakin, 
I could help myself to the Cabbidge. 

I had nobody to talk to nor nothin to talk 
about, however, I was very lonely specially 
on the first day; so when the jailor parst my 
lonely cell, 1 put the few stray hairs on the 
back pait of my bed (I'm bald now, but 
thare was a time when 1 wore sweet auburn 
ringlets) into as dish-hevild a state as pos- 
sible, and roUin my eyes like a manyyuck, I 
cried : " Stay, jailer, stay ! I am not inad but 
soon shall be ityou don't bring me suthin to 
Talk!" He brung me some noospapers, for 
which I thanked him kintily. 

At last I got a interview with .letTerson 
Davis, the President of tlie Southern Con- 
thieveraey. He was quite perlite and a.xed 
me to sit down and s-tate my case. 1 did it, 
wln-n he larfed and said his gallaid men had 
been a little 2 enthoosiastic in eontisticatin 
my show. 

'**Ves, "sez I, "they confisticated me too 
muchly. I had some' bosses confisticated iu 
the same way onct, but tho coufisticaters air 
now poundin stun in the States Prison at In- 
jianapylus." 

" \\'all. wall, Mister Ward, you are at 
liberty to depai-t ; you air friendly to the 
South", I know. Even now we have many 
frens in the North, who sympathise with us, 
anil won't mingle with this fight." 

'*•}. Davis, there 's your grate mistaik.— 
Many of us was your sincere friends, and 
thought certain parties among- us was fussin 
about you and meddlin wdth your eonsarns 
intirelj'- too much. But J. Davis, the minit 
yon fire a gun at the piece of drygoods called 
the Star-spangled Banner, the North f^its up 
anti rises en massy, in defense ot that 
banner. Not agin you as indiviiluals — not 
agin the South even — but to save the flag. 
We should indeed be week in the knees, un- 
sound in the heart, milk-white in the liver, 
and soft in the bed, if we stood quietly by 
and saw this glorus Govj-nient smashed to 
pieces fither by furriu or a intestine foe. 
The gentle-harted mother hates to lake her 
naughty child across her knee, but she knows 
it is her dooty to do it. So we shall hate to 
whip the naughty South, but wo nuist do it 
if you do n't make back tracks jit onct, and 
we shall wallup you out of your boots! .1. 
Davis, it is my decided op'inion that the 
Sonny South is 'makin a egrejus muttou-hed 
of herself ! " 

" iio on, sir, you 're safe enufl". You 're too 
small powder for me! " sed tlie President of 
the Southern Couthieveracy. 

"Wait till I go home and start out the 
Baldinsville Mounted Hoss Cavalry! I 'm 
Capting of that Corpse, and J. Davis, be- 
ware! Jefferson D., I now leave you! — 
Farewell my gay Saler Boy! Goodbye, my 
bold buccaneer! Pirut of the deep blue sea, 
adoo! adoo! " 

My tower threw the Southern Couthie- 
veracy on my way home was thrillen enutf 
for yaller covers.' It will form the subjeck of 
my next. Betsy Jane and the progeny air 
well. 

Yours, I'espectively, 

A. WARD. 

— [From Vanitv Fair. 



Female Secessionists. — The fe- 
male Secessionists of Washinj^ton are 
still impudent and presumptuous. Two 
of them who w^aved their hnndkercluets 
in token of sympathy with the I^ebellion 
while a lot of Rebel prisoners cai)tur('d 
at Fort Royal were passin<j throuj^;]! 
Pennsylvania avenue on 'J'ues(hiy, M'erc 
arrested by the ]>rovost ^uard and takeu 
to the guaVd-liouse, whfro they are held 
iu custody. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



Parting Interview of Generals Scott 
and McClellan — An Affecting 
Occasion. 

Xkw Yi)1;k, Nov. 4. The Herald's 
WashinfiLOU dis|):itfh suys the parting 
scene between (ieiierai Seott and ( ieneral 
JlcClellan was a most impressive and af- 
fecting afiah'. (leueral McClellan and 
statt' proceeded to the depot hi tlie storm 
and darkness of the night, to bid fare- 
well to the veteran soldier who lias just 
withdrawn from active service, and as 
General .Scott pressed the hand of liis 
young successor, he besought him, not 
to he controlled by the advice of any 
parties who might counsel him to act 
contrary to his own judgment, if he 
would succeed in vindicatiug the honor 
of his country he was called upon to 
serve in so high and responsible capa- 
city. 

General SlcClellan's reply was : "1 
thank you. General, and will not forget 
your counsel. May you be restored to 
iieahJi, and live to see your ])rophecy 
fultilleil. God be with you. Farewell."' 



General Scott and his Movements. 

Tlie journey from Washington to New 
York is said' to have fatigued General 
Scott less than was anticipated. He is 
quite feeble, however, and unable to re- 
ceive but few persons besides his rela- 
tives. His present physical disability 
proceeds from a wouncl he received at 
Lundy"s Lane, and two or three acciden- 
tal injuries since. His medical advisers 
prescribe a voj-age to Europe and the 
climate of France for some time, and it 
is expected that he will take his depart- 
ure in the steamer Africa on Wi'ilnesday 
of this week. The i'nion Defense Com- 
mittee of New York jiroiiose a grand 
military escort to atteiul the old lu'ro on 
his departure. 

The Washington Star states that 
shortly before his retirement, (ieneral 
.'^cott obtained positive information tli.-it 
his eulire estate, all of which is situated 
in Virginia, had been seized and seques- 
tered for the benetit of tlie so-called Con- 
federate (Jovernment. The relations ex- 
isthig between Generals .Scott and Mc- 
Clillan are tlnis spoken of bj* the ^Vash- 
iiigton ('(U'respondent of tlie New York 
Post : — 

"The i)arting scene between General 
Scott and (ieneral McClellan was very 
airecting, and i)ut to llight the mnnber- 
less rumors ri'specting an uuple.-isant 
state of feeling between the two generals. 
Tears were shed freely by both, and the 
advice given by the old hero to his sui'- 
cessor was discreet as it was touching. 

"It is asserted by those Intimately ac- 
quainted w ilh both Scott and .McClidlaii 
that there never has been .a ditl'ereui-e 
between them whicli in the slightest de- 
gree atl'ected their frieniiship for each 
other. The relations were pleasant and 
harmonious, and it was General .Scott's 
suggestion which brought Mct'lellan 
here. During McClellan's camjiaigu in 
western \'irgiuia lie was repeateilly com- 
plhnented in private dispatches tiy (Ii'U- 
eral Scott, and after hisgreatest triuini>li 



there it was intimated to him that he 
might soon be w anted in a higher siihere 
to use his talents in defense of the 
Union. Just before the unfortunate 
battle of Manassas, General McClellau 
was upon the ])oint of advancing to 
Stanton, Virginia, with his small but 
victorious army, but the Stone Bridge 
disaster and the inefficieiic_y of (ieneral 
Patterson put an end to the advance of 
th<' P'ederal troops in that part of Vir- 
ginia, and ilc( 'l(dlan was drawn away to 
Washiugton vei-y suddenly. TIk^ utmost 
conlidence is reposed in liim by the 
governnient and the trooj)S."" 

(ieneral Scott is re|)orted to have re- 
marked to a gentleman from Baltunore, 
that in all pi-obability he would never 
visit Washinglou again. He went tliere 
at the re(iuest of Mr. Uuchanan, on the 
10th of December, nearly a year ago. 
During the whole period he was not ofl' 
duty a single hour; and those who have 
been connected with the service and have 
resided since that time in Washington, 
attribute wholly to his presence and fore- 
sight tlie safety of the Capital. 



The Youngest Major-general. 

If large native talents, joined to thor- 
ough education, and an added opp<irtiini- 
ty, with years tor the play of all, give 
assurance of the growth and <lisliuction 
of a man, (ien. (ieorge B. JlcClellan 
has the proudest future before him of 
any man now upon the field of active 
life in America. He is the youngest of 
the major-generals of the Federal army, 
being only ;>."), and ranks next to General 
Scott, w"Iio is twice his age, and perhaps 
is the youngest man who ever obtained 
so higli a position in our history. His 
father was of Connecticut birth, a grad- 
uate of Yale ctdlege and an eminent 
physician in PIiiladeli>hia. The sou 
graduated at AVest Point in 184(i, at the 
age of 20, and came out of the .Mexican 
w'ar four y<'ars after a captain. He 
served in the engineers' corps, and after- 
ward in the cavalry, and rose to the 
rank of major by bs."!."). Then he went 
to Europe and visited the Crimea, by 
order of the government, and prepared 
on his return a valuai)le report on the 
Euro|iean war of that time, the Crimean 
cami)aign, and the organization of for- 
eign armies. Life iu the army was too 
dull for his .active, aml)itious mind, and 
he resigned in 1.S57, and became vice- 
president and active manager of the Il- 
linois Central railroad, residing at Chi- 
cago. This post he held till last sum- 
mer, when he resigned it to accept the 
(iresidency and general sui)eriutendency 
of the Ohio and Mississippi railroad 
(Ciuciiniati and St. T,(nns), where the 
civil war found him a ready volunteer; 
and he returneil to the army, which he 
lelt a major, after an absence of four 
years, s])ringing into a major-general- 
ship. His iluiice personal and military 
accomplishments only forlild his old 
comrades bxiking with envy upon Iiis 
rapid promotion. Whatever feeling of 
this sort the <-vents of his carei'r may 
suggest are overborne by iiride in his 
growth, and conlidence in his ability to 



serve his country in a manner coninieu- 
surate with his advanced jiosition. ("ien- 
eral McClellau was married last summer 
to a daughter of Captain Marcy of the 
regular army, and granddaughter of 
the late Laban >[arcy, of Greenwich, in 
Hampshire county. .So that Massachu- 
setts, as well .'IS Connecticut and Penn- 
sylvania (his birthplace), and Ohio (his 
residence), holds a personal int"rest and 
feels a personal pride in tln' man and his 
future. — [Springtield Hepublicau. 



A Touching Episode. 

The New ( )rleans Crfscent, of the 2.Tth 
ult., narrates an incident of the .South- 
ern war more aft'ecting than any thing 
heretofore recorded in romance or fable 
— more inspiring than the oldest whis- 
key that ever fired a Southern heart. It 
appears that two chivalric scions of a 
wealthy cotton-planter on Lake Jack- 
son, near Tallahassee, had screwed their 
courage up to the point of inarching 
forth to join Bragg's ten thousand, now 
lieleaguering Fort Pickens. The day of 
leaving the plantation of their wealthy 
p.-irent had daw ued, and eipiipi)ed iu all 
the liloody toggery of Mars, and burn- 
ing with irrepressible tire for a chance 
to pit themselves, single-handed, against 
old Lincoln and Scott, the two Tallahas- 
seaiis might have been seen striding 
toward a dilapid.-ited shanty in the Negro 
quarters of the plantation. Presently 
apjiears emerging from the hovel an Af- 
rican with a yidlow bandanna wrapped 
around her head, and gifted with vast 
rotundity of waist. It is the black 
"ma-ma" {maw-maw is the chivalric 
])ronunciation) of the two Tallahassee 
bloods. They leaned upon their blades 
wlu'ii they saw her, auci lifted up their 
voices and wepr — in the words of the 
Crescent chronicler, " were overw helmed 
with tears" — at the thought of part- 
ing. She wejit, and they wei)t, until at 
last, fearing, perhaps, that their cour- 
age was oozing out preliminary to their 
backing out, she addressed them thus: 
'' N'ow, young masters," cried she, 
■'slop (lis weeping; go, tight for your 
eoniilry like men: and, mind" (her eye 
Hashing as shes])(die), '■^ do n't disgrace 
MK I " Their souls were touched as with 
an electric shock, and they went. 



Gknerai. ViEl.E. — A Norfolk cor- 
respondent tells the following anecdote 
of (ieneral Viele, showing one of his 
many means of taming Secession : — 
" A iady came into his office to consult 
him or demand some faviu'. He received 
her with his usual politeness, but sud- 
denly noticing that she wore the Con- 
federate ccdors lu'ominently, in the shape 
of a brooch, mildly suggeste<l that it 
would, perhaps, have been iu better 
taste to come to his office without such 
a decoration. ' I havi' a right, sir, to con- 
sult my own wishes as to what I shall 
wear." 'Then, luad.-im,' rejdied the (ien- 
eral, 'permit me to claim an ecjual 
right in choosing with whom I shall con- 
verse ' ; and the iligiiified lady had to 
withdraw from his presence." 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



97 



Military Matters, etc. 

Tlie Kxpeditioii from New Eiijfland — 
General Butler's Division — Camp Chase 
— Arrival of the Steaiiisliii* ConsMtiition. 

The great local military sensatiou of 
tlie present week promises to be the 
departure of the main Ijody of the troops 
i-eeruiteii iu New England for the di- 
vision to be eommandod by Major Gen- 
eral Butler, who are expected to eni- 
liark at this port ou tlie new ocean 
steamshiji Constitntion, wliich has just 
been completed for the Pacific Mail 
Steamship t'oinpauy, and which arrived 
here last niglit, from New Yorli Satur- 
day afternoon. The precise time fixed 
upon for the departure of the troops is 
not known, and the destination of the 
expedition is still more a matter of con- 
jecture. General Butler informed tlic 
Twenty-sixth regiment, after inspection 
ou Sunday, that they w ould leave camp 
ou Tuesday next, under his own im- 
mediate command, but further infor- 
mation as to their destination he was 
not at liberty to give. 

The princijial portion of the troops 
raised by General Butler are at pres- 
ent encamped at Gamp Ghase, Lowell. 
These include tlie Twenty-sixth Massa- 
chusetts regiment, Golonel Jones, the 
Ninth Gonneeticnt regiment, Golonel 
Gahill, and an unorganized regiment of 
Massachusetts companies under com- 
numd of Gol. Jonas H. French. A reg- 
iment of Maine troops are also included 
iu General Butler's division. 

The Ninth Gonneeticnt regiment has 
been at this camp less than two weeks. 
The lieuteant-eolonel, major, and many 
of the privates were among tlie three 
months' men in service, and in the battle 
of Bull liuii were in the division that 
brought up the rear in the retreat. An 
excellent band was recruited for the 
regiment, which is under the leadershiji 
of George Brooks, of Lowell. A por- 
tion of the Enfield rifles designed for 
General Butler's division have been sent 
to Portland to arm the regiment from 
Maine, and twenty-five cases were sent 
to IjOwell on Saturday for the Connecti- 
cut troops. 

The Constitution left Ne^\' York on 
Saturday afteruocm for this )iort, and 
passed Highland Light at 3 o'clock j'cs- 
terday afternoon. Her great draft of 
water \\'Ou!d prevent lier from coming 
up the harbor until high water, and she 
was probalily compelled to remain below 
until midnight. This morning she will 
haul in to Long Wharf, whicli has been 
jirepared and strengthened for her re- 
ception by driving additional piles. A 
large quantity of provisions, in the 
shape of barrels of pork, etc., has al- 
reaiiy been placed upon the wharf in 
readiness to be put on board when the 
steamship shall arrive. 

The New York Times, in alluding to 
the departure of the Constitution for 
this port, says : — 

" Her great capacity, and at the same 
time her moderate draft of water when 
loaded, render her one of the most de- 
sirable steamers afloat for transport 
service. She will probably accommo- 
date comfortably more passengers than 



any ship of equal tonnage which has 
ever been constructed in this country. 

" AVc understand that the charter i> 
for three thousand dollars per day." 

The Twentieth Massachusetts lleginieiit. 

All ofticer in the Massachusetts regi- 
ment, writing from Gamp Benton, 
I'oolesville, Md., uneler date Nov. l'2tli, 
says: "Our wounded are getting on 
well, and several are to leave for lionie 
on furlough soon. Sergeant Riddle, of 
Go. 1, had his arm amputated yesterday, 
and is doing well. Lowell will leave 
tor home soon. The regiment has been 
paid ofi', and quite a sum sent home. 
We are to celebrate Thanksgiving Day 
here by a monster concert with artillery 
accompaniment. An original hymn is 
being composed, and all the bands in 
the brigade are going to join in one. 
There is a talk of Golonel Lee being ex- 
changed soon, and possibly the mem- 
bers of the staft'. It is supposed the 
boily of Lieutenant Wessellioeft was 
found yesterday. It was difficult to 
identify it. 1 trust Gaptain Treinlett is 
doing well in recruiting, and will soon 
fill up to the standard. Tliere is a 
rumor of his joining some other regi- 
ment, but we all of us trust that he 
will not leave us, and we hope the 
friends of the Twentieth will use their 
influence to retain him with us. He is 
a fine fellow, and although not much 
has been said of his conduct in the 
late battle, he beha^-ed most nobly, and 
all here consider him one of the heroes 
of the day." 

TI»e Nineteenth Massachusetts Infantry. 

Colonel Hinks has made his usual 
monthly report to the adjutant-gen- 
eral of this state of the condition of 
his regiment at the close of October. 
His aggregate is eight hundred and 
forty. The colonel was at that lime 
acting conmiander of the First Brigade. 

The troops enlisted for duty at Fort 
Warren are liable to the same orilers 
as the other volunteers, and may he 
sent to any part of the country if 
wanted. 

An Incidt'iit of Life at. the Fori. 

A company enlisted for permanent 
service arrived at one of the forts in 
the harbor a day or two since. The 
captain had told his men that they 
would probably find broailcloth sol- 
<liers, and of course need not look for 
any especial favors; but nevertheless, 
they sliould, in any event, treat every 
one respectfully, make the best of cir- 
cumstances, and strive to have every 
thing kept iu as quiet and comfortable 
a state as possible. The new company 
were met by the ••broadcloth" soldiers 
at the landing iu regular military array, 
escorted to the fort with all due cere- 
mony, and stacked their arms. There- 
upon the " broadcloth " disappeared, 
somewhat to the wonderment of the 
new arrivals. The mystery was soon 
explained by the appearance of their 
baggage in its multiform varieties of 
trunks, boxes, barrels of flour, beds, 
etc. ( as once the " wood of Dunsi- 
naiie"), bestowed on the heads, shoul- 



ders, and backs of the "broadcloth " 

into their quarters. Judge W 

marched in among the foremost, " arms 
reversed," he being under a nice, large 
bed. Thus the baggage and efl'ects of 
the new-comers were, to the smallest 
item, deposited within their quarters, 
almost before they had fully ceased 
inquiry for the absence of the " broad- 
cloth." The captain, a veteran of the 
Mexican war, Inirst into tears. 

A Thrillin;; .Scene. 

The Davis Guards, Milford. is one 
of the finest companies in Gass' regi- 
ment, which went into <iuarters at 
Faneuil hall this morniug. On last 
Weiinesday, as the Guards were leaving 
Milforci for tliis city, a little boy, eight 
years old, named James O'Donnell, hid 
beneath one of the car seats and was 
not discovered until the com|iany 
reached Boston. His untde took him 
back on last Saturday. This morning, 
to the utter astonishment of every body, 
the little hero made his appearance in 
Faneuil hall, having walked the whole 
distance, thirty-one miles, from Milford 
to Boston on the railroad track. Gheer 
after cheer welcomed him as he de- 
clared that lie was bound to follow the 
Davis Guards wherever they went. 
JIajor Pearl at once took the little 
fellow on the platform and presented 
him as the pet of the regiment. He 
was adopted amid the wildest enthu- 
siasm, and will be known in the regi- 
ment as the " Shaughraun," that being 
an Irish term for " the Wanderer." It 
was a wild, thrilling scene in old Faneuil 
hall, and those who were present will 
not readilv forget it. — [Boston Journal. 
Nov. IS. I'StSl. 

I'liK Camp Kettle is a small sheet 
•■ pulilislied every oiqiortunity by the 
Field ami Stall' of the Roundhead regi- 
ment, Golonel Leasure commanding, at 
Hilton Head." One of the Beaufort 
Negroes advertises his runaway master 
in the following clever travesty: — 

S-'iOO li'KW.VHO. — Runil away from me on the 
TUl of tlis month, uiy iiinssa, .liiliun Kln^It. 
Alas.^ia Rhuil am live leel 'icveii inches liif^li, 
i)ig siiouKlcrs, bniclv liar, curly, slui.iitcy whis- 
kcr.'^, low forcliocl, an' dark lac(;. He make 
\nix fu.ss wlicn he go 'monj^ (le gemmcn ; lie 
tafii vcr bi^, and use de name, oh di; Lord all 
<il) dc time, ('alls hesclf'* Suildcni^<'mincn,"' 
but I s'posc will try now to parse hcscir olf as 
a brack man or nnilatter. Massa Uhctt lias a 
deep scar on his shoulderfrom a fitrht, scratcli 
'cross de left eye, made by my IJinah when 
lie tried to whip her. He neber look pcojile 
in de face. I mor dau spec he will make trjick 
lor llort^en kounty, in dc furriu laud of Jar- 
.scy, wliar i 'luagin he hab a few friends. 

1 will g\b S400 for bim if alive, an' sJ.'iOO if 
any body will show bim dead. If he cum 
back to liis kind niggers without much truble. 
dis chile will receive him lubinglv. 

.SAMHO IMIKTT. 

nuACFORT, s. c Nov. s), i.sei. 

Looking into the Frankixc Svs- 
TKM. — The attention of the Postmaster- 
general has been called to the fact that 
an enormous amount of mail-matter is 
jiassing through the post-oftiee bearing 
the frank of 51. G.'s, but evidently not 
signed by them. He orders postmasters 
to " arrest " this and other abuses of the 
franking system. 



13 



98 



INCIDENTS OF T Hi: CIVIL WAR. 



DOWN WITH THK STAKS AND KAKS ! 
UP WITH THE 

STARS AND STRIPES! 



" Then up with our Hag! let it stream on the 

air! 

Tlioujirh our fathers are cold in their graves, 

They had hands that could strike, they had 

sonls that could dare, 

And their sons were not born to be slaves! 

"Up, up with tliat banner! where'er it may 
call 
Oar millions shall rally around! 
A nation of freemen that moment shall full 
When its stars shall be tniile<l on the 
j;ronnd." 

NOW IS THE TIME TO ENLIST 



'• Nortliinen. come out! 
Fortli to battle with storm :ind shout! 
Freedom calls you once ayain 
To flag, and fort, and tented plain; 
Then eonie with drum, and trump, and sony 
And raise the war-cry wild and strong,— 
Northmen, come out!" 



ONK mNIiUED DOLLARS' BOUNTY — AN 
EXCELLKNT UNIFORM— PAY AND RA- 
TIONS C(»MaiENCE AT ON<.:E-YOT' 
WILL liE SENT INTO CAMP IN- 
STANTLY FOOI),CL0THINtJ, 
AND LODGING AT ONCE 
<;iVEN TO YOU ! 



" Let our proportions for these wars 
Be soon collectetl, and all things thought 

ujion, 
That may with reasonable swiftness acid 
l\Iore feathers to our wings." 

GERMANS OF MASSACHUSETTS 

" The enemy ennies on in gallant show ; 
Their bloody sign of battle is hung out, 
And something to be done immediately." 

IRISHMEN OF MASSACHUSETTS! 

" Cry havoc, ami let slip the (lo;;cy of war." 

The Tvventy-ciglitli, the " Kaiiyh a Banagh 
regiment," raiseil in coiiecrt by I'atriek Don. 
ahoe, E.sq ., editor of tlio Boston PUol, and Dr. 
Walter M. Walsh, who gave his time and 
means so freely to the formation of the Irish 
regiments raised heretofore in this state. 
Its colonel is Thos. .S. Murphy, a Fort Hill 
boy and the gallant, commander of the New- 
York Montgomery (inard. Tlie lieutenant- 
colonel is the hcro'ic Colonel Mont<dth, of New 
New York. A IJoman Catholic I'ricst goes 
with this ri';;iment. 

The (Quickest Way to Enlist : 

GO AT ONCE TO THE 
OENKKAI. RECBIIITING STATION, 

U PITTS STREET, BOSTON, 

Say \vh«'ther you wish to enlist in Infan- 
try, Ciiviilry. Sli:ir|islio(itcrs, or IJ^Iit iVr- 
tillery. If in tho Iiifanlry, naiix- tlic Ile^i- 
inent y4>u ^voiild like to jinn. You will at 
onr#' J*** fjiven a n<'W, well-iiia<l<>, rr>nifort- 
able, HU(I Hervi<-»':il>lc uniform, sent into 
camp innnediat**ly, and that very day >on 
draw pay and rationn, aiul heroine entitled 
to a bounty. 

W1L,LIA3I W. BULLOCK, 

Brigadicr-gcnei'al I'"irs1 brigade. First di\-i- 
sion, :\I. \'. .M., and 

KeeriiitiiiK Oflieer-iii-<rhi*^f for tlie State of 
MaHHaehiiHetts. 



At Port Royal, 1861. 

m .JOHN ti. WHITTIER. 

The tent-lights glimmer on the land, 

Th.' sliip liKhls on tlie sea; 
Tile night. wintl smo,it!is with drifting sand 

Our track on lone Tybee. 

At last our grating keels outside, 
Our good boats forward swing; 

And while we ride the latid-locked tide, 
(.)ur Negroes row and sing. 

For dear the boatman holds his gifts 

Of music and of song: 
The gold that kindly Nature sifts 

Aniong his santl of wrong; 

The power to make bis toiling days 
And poor home-comforts idease; 

The quaint relief of mirth tliat plays 
With sorrow's minor keys. 

Anotlier glow than sunset's tire 

lias filled the West with light, 
Where field and garner, barn and bvre, 

Are blazing through the night. 

The land is wild with fe.ar and hate. 

The rout runs mad and fast; 
Frf)m hand to hand, from gate to gate. 

The flaming brand is passed. 

The lurid glow falls strong across 
Dark faces broad with smiles; 

Not theirs the terror, hate, and loss. 
That fire yon blazing piles. 

With oar-strokes timing to their song. 

They weave in simple lays 
The pathos of remembered wrong. 

The hope of better days, — 

The triumph-note that Miriam sung. 

The joy of uncaged birds : 
Softening with Africa's mellow tongue 

Their broken Saxon words. 



Song of the Negro Boatman. 

Oh, praise an' tanks! De Lord he come 

To set de jieojile free; 
And massa link it day of doom, 

An' we ob jubilee, 
De Lord dat heap de Red Sea waves, 

He jus' as "trong as den ; 
He say the word ; we las' nigh' slaves; 
To-daj', de Lord's freemen; 

De yam will grow, de cfittoii blow, 

Wt^ 'II iKib de rice and corn ; 
Oh, ncliln-r >ou fear, if nebber you hear 
De driver blow his horn! 

Ole massa on he trabbels gone ; 

He leab de land behind ; 
De Lord's breflfblow him furder on. 

Like corn-shuck in the wind. 
We own de hoe, we own de ]ilow. 

We own de han<ls dat hold ; 
We sell do pig, we sell de cow. 
But never chile be sold. 

De >aMi will grow, ile cotton blow, 

\Vc 'II hab <le rice and corn; 
(di, nebher j-ou fear, if nebber you hear 
De driver blow his horn! 

We jiray de Lord ; he gib us signs 

Dat some day we be free; 
l>e Nort-wind t<-II it to de i)iues, 

De wild-duck lo de sea; 
We link it when de church bell ring. 

We dream it in de dream ; 
De rice-bird mean it when he sing, 
De eagle wdien he screaiu. 

De yam will grow, de cotton blow, 

We'll hab de rice an' corn; 
Oh, nebbi'r you fear, if nebber you hear 
De driver blow his horn! 

^Ve know d(? promise nebber fail. 

An' nebber lie de word ; 
So, like dc 'postles in de jail. 

We waited tor ile Lor(i : 
An' now he openen ebcry door. 

An' trow awa\' ile ke>-; 
He link wt^ Inb iiim so i)efore. 
We lub him better free. 

De yam will grow, de cotttm blow 

He '11 give tie rice an' corn : 
So nebber you fear, if nebber you hear 
De driver blow his horn ! 



So sing our dusty gondoliers; 

And with a secret pain. 
And smiles that seem akin to tears, 

We hear the wild refrain. 

We dare not share the Negro's trust, 

Nor yet his hope deny ; 
We only know tliat God is just. 

And every wrong shall die. 

Rude seems the song; each swarthy face 

Flame-lighted ruder still; 
We start to think that hapless race 

Must shape our good or ill ; 

That laws of changeless justice bind 

Oppressor with oppressed ; 
And, close as sin and sulTering joined, 

We march to Fate abreast. 

Sing on, poor hearts ! your chant shall be 
Our sight of blight or bloom — 

The Vala song of Liberty, 
Or death-tune of our doom ! 

— [Atlantic Monthly for February. 



Massachusetts Bravery. 

A correspoiuk'iit of the New York 
Tribune gives the followiug statistics 
and aueeilote in evidence of the bravery 
of Massachusetts troops in battle : — 

" Hooker's division, as was expected 
of them, ' fouglit like brave men, long 
and well, and heaped the ground with 
Kebel slain.' This division is known 
here as the fighting division, and as an 
evidence of their work it may be proper 
to state tliat they came on to the Penin- 
sula eleven thousand strong, and now 
number less than five thousand eflective 
men. Among the regiments of this 
division which suflered most severely, 
were the Massachusetts First, Eleventh, 
and .Sixteenth. Of the latter regiment 
about eighty were either killed or 
seriously wounded. 

'• A little incident will show the spirit 
of the Massachusetts Sixteenth. When 
the Massachusetts First were ordered 
to charge, the men of the Sixteenth, 
addressmg the colonel of the First, 
said: 'May we not charge with you'? 
You are not strong enough to charge 
that solid column of Kebels alone. AVe 
have no oflicers left. Our colonel is 
dead, and our lieuteuant-coUmel and 
adjutant wounded. So, if you will lead 
us, we would like to charge with you." 
They did charge, with an eflect that the 
Kebels will be likely to remember for 
some time. I voiild s;iy more about 
the splendid fighting of the Massachu- 
setts troops on this occasion, only for 
the tact that the Old Bay state lias a 
history which the world knows by 
heart, and to tell our readers that Mas- 
sachusetts soldiers are brave, and that 
they ilo their duty, is to tell them what 
they do instinctively know. ' God bless 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.' " 

The same authority pays the follow- 
iug deserved compliuieut to a gentleman 
whose patriotic and jirofessional de- 
votion are not surpassed by any of his 
brotherhood connected with the army: 

" Prominent among tliose who are 
active in relieving the sufferings of the 
sick and wounded soldiers, I notice the 
Kev. Arthur B. Fuller, chajilaiu of the 
.Sixteenth Massachusetts regiment. Mr. 
Fuller has been busy at the hospital 
from morning till night, administering 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



99 



mediciues and words of comfort to such 
as were in need. Chaplain Fuller will 
Ijrobably go to his regiment (whom he 
calls his ' boys') to-morrow. He be- 
came separated from it by going from 
the camp before Richmond, on Friday 
last, to the White House, and before he 
could return communication was cut oft' 
by the Rebels, so he remained and 
skedaddled with the rest of us on Satur- 
day, and sought his regiment \ia For- 
tress Monroe and James river." 



MAJOR-GENERAL BUTLER'S 
SOUTHERN EXPEDITION. 

OlfeDsive Operalions on llio Gulf Coast! 

VOYAGE OF THE TRANSPORT 
STEAMER " CONSTITUTION." 

Occupation of Ship Island, Miss., by 
the New Engliind Division. 

Landing of the Middlesex Brigade. 



Fi-uclaiuatiun of General Phelps to the 
I'eople of the South-west — Description 
of Ship Island — The Operations of the 
Blockading Sciuadron in the tinlf — 
Naval Engagements — Prizes Captured 
— The Mosquito Fleet in Mississippi 
Sound — The Defenses of Mobile. 



O.v I!oAi!i> U. S. Tr.^nsport Steamer 1 

CoustitiiHon, Straits ok Florida, ; 

Dec. 1, 1S61. ) 

The Federal government, having some 
three months since determined upon a 
policy which involveil the coimnence- 
ment of offensive operations against the 
rebellious states bordering upon the gulf 
of Mexico, took possession, about the 
17th of September, of Ship island, sit- 
uated near the mouth of the Mississippi 
river, upon which a fortification had 
previously been commenced, with the 
view of making that point tlie basis of 
future operations for the reduction of 
the positions on the gulf coast in the 
possession of the enemy. The design 
being to establish a depot for milit.ary 
stores, a camp of instruction for troops, 
and a rendezvous for for a naval fleet 
with which the land forces will co-oper- 
ate, a council of war was held at ^Vash- 
ington, at which the best talent of the 
navy was present. Opinion was at first 
divided upon the proper point to be 
chosen, some fa\oriiig the occupation 
of Cat island, others Mississippi City, 
on the main land, from which the Union 
forces would ha^■e been liable to imme- 
diate attack and repulsion, while the 
majority inclined to Ship island, as af- 
fording the greatest facilities for the 
projected movements. 

Preliminaries of the Southern Campaign. 

The government having selected Maj.- 

gen. Benj. F. Butler to command tliis 



important campaign, about seventy da)S 
since, General Butler was called to 
Washington to confer with the adminis- 
tration upon the preliminaries of the ex- 
pedition. There being no available 
forces in the field, which could be with- 
drawn from the Xorth, General Butler 
was authorized by the War department 
to raise a division of six thousand 
troops in New England for this " special 
service," which has been the theme of 
speculation, puzzling the brains of the 
public, and leading to all manner of spec- 
ulations as to the destination of the 
forces. Through his individual influ- 
ence and personal conference with the 
governors of the several New England 
states, whose hearty co-operation, with 
the single exception of the governor of 
Massachusetts, he received, General 
Butler obtained permission to recruit 
troops in all the states east of New 
York. The result of his labt)rs has 
been the organization and e(iuipment of 
two regimimts of infantry and a battery 
of light artillery in Massachusetts; two 
regiments of infantry in Connecticut: 
on(> regiment of infautr}' in Vermont ; 
one regiment of infantry and a battery 
in Maine, and one regiment of infantry 
in New Hampshire, beside other troops 
to which it is impolitic at the present 
time to allude. The forces thus raised 
constitute, however, but a small portion 
of the corps d'armee of whii'h (ieneral 
Butler will ultimately have the com- 
mand. 

A Prouipt Departure. 

The vanguard of the expedition, con- 
sisting of the Twenty-sixth >Iassachu- 
setts regiment. Col. E. F. .Tones, former- 
ly of the celebrated '• .'^ixth regiment" ; 
tli(> Ninth Connecticut regiment, Colonel 
Cahill, and the Fifth Massachusetts bat- 
tery, ( 'aptain Manning, the whole being 
under command of Colonel Jones, the 
senior officer on hoard, endjarked on the 
steam transport ConstUntion at Boston, 
which sailed from that port on th(> 21st 
of November, within three days of the 
time at which General Butler promised 
the administration he wouhl stai't the 
first three thousand troops of his divi- 
sion. The steamer proceeded to Fort- 
laud to take on board the Twelfth ilaine 
regiment. Colonel Shei)ley, but finding 
on the run across Massachusetts bay, 
that from improper stowage, or some 
other cause, the steamer was crank, 
('aptain Fleti'her, the commander, [U'o- 
tested against taking the Maine troops 
and their baggage on board. This being 
the first trip of the steamer in which 
her capacity was to be tested, and t\\-o 
thousand souls being already on board, 
the course pursued bj- Captain Fletcher 
is to be approved rather than con- 
demned. Exijerieiice has shown, how- 
ever, that with a proper disposition of 
the freight taken on board at Boston, 
the Maine regiment could also have been 
transiiorted with perfect safety, the voy- 
age having been one of unexamjileil 
tranquility. 

The " Constitution " at Hampton lioads. 

The Constitution proceeded southward 
from Port land on the morning of Satur- 



day, Nov. 28d, telegraphic orders having 
previously been received from General 
Butler for the steamer to touch at For- 
tress Monroe, to take on board Brigadier- 
general Phelps of Vermont, who has been 
assigned to the expedition as brigadier- 
general. This stoppage caused a deten- 
tion of about a day and a half. While 
at Old Point, many of the officers, and 
the ladies accompanying tlie expedition, 
went on shore and were cordially re- 
ceived and entertained by their friends 
among the Massachusetts troops sta- 
tioned at till' Fortress an<l in (,'amp 
Hamilton. 

General 14ielps in C^ntUKuul. 

At noon, on Wednesday, tlie ^"th. 
General Phelps, who had been in com- 
mand at Newport News, and who had 
so successfully held that important 
place at the mouth of the James river, 
came on board, when Colonel .Jones 
formally surrendered the command to 
his superior officer. (Jeneral Phelps 
was unaccompanied by a statt', but hav- 
ing made api)lication to the war depart- 
ment for two aid<'-i-de-canip — lieuten- 
ants in the army of Potomac — they are 
expected to come forwanl with General 
Butler, and join liim at the seat of hos- 
tilities. 

General Phelps is an uncompromising 
opponent of slavery, and his views upon 
the great source of our national evils 
being fully known to the adnnnistration, 
it is fair to presume that In the selec- 
tion of such men as (ienerals Butler and 
Phelps to command operations in the 
cotton-growing states, a policy has been 
adopted which will strike at the very 
vitals of rebellion, (ieneral Phelps is a 
(juiet, unosientatious man, who, by his 
modest and retiring manner, his strict 
regard for discipline, ami withal liis free 
and cordial intercourse, has rendered 
himself eminently popular with both of- 
ficers and men. Indeed, in looking at 
his tall, commaiKling form, he appears a 
thorough type of those stern old C'ove- 
uanters of Cromweirs time. Immedi- 
ately after assuming command he se- 
cured a diagram of the steamer, showing 
the position of the quarters of the of- 
ficers and men, with the view of pre- 
jiaring for any emergency that might 
arise. For the double ])urpose of guard- 
ing against dangers from within and 
without, he issued a general order to the 
captains of companies, providing that in 
case of fire breaking out on board, or an 
attack from the privateers of the enemy, 
the troops shoulil all remain below, as 
the best security against an indiscrimi- 
nate loss of life. 

Departure of tln' Kxpedition. 

After coaling and taking on boani a 
few sui)plies, the Constitution got under 
waj' on Wednesday afternoon, and stood 
out between the capes. When the pilot 
steps on board, the other officers usually 
bow gracefully and retire from the 
helm. Not so in our I'ase. There was 
too weighty a responsibility resting 
upon Captain Fletcher, an<l Mr. Clark, 
the first ofiic<'r, and Mr. Vanderbilt, the 
chief engineer, to jiermit them to relin- 
quish the ship to tile control of any one 



100 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



luitu, tlioui;h that iniui luiffht be llicir 
superior in all tliat jxTtaiued to his par- 
ticular eiilliiig-. if, however, they hail 
been disposed to commit the great slup 
and her precious freight to other hands, 
the charge could not have fallen into 
more experienced hands than those of 
Mr. James Jackson, of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
the pilot chosen for the Soutliern coast. 
The steamer was taken out of Hampton 
]{oads in charge of Purser ('has. II. 
Denuisou of the United States gim-boat 
Dayliyht, who was discharged oft' ( 'ape 
Henry, and went on board our old favor- 
ite, the gun-boat Cambrid'je, wliich, 
under Capt. AVilliani I'arker and a crew 
of Massachusetts boys, has been keep- 
ing watch over the Itebels on the iJap- 
pahannock and York rivers. Captain 
Jackson is a tine specimen of the brave 
class of seamen which he represents, 
and his doughty figure and rubicund 
face have become familiar from th(! con- 
spicuous position which he occupied on 
the hurricane deck. He piloted the 
steamer linJtic to the mouth of Charles- 
ton harbor last spring, when that vessel, 
under couunaud of ('aptain Fletcher of 
the Conslilnlion, undertook to furnish 
supplies to the beleaguered garrison of 
Fort Sumter. An experience of thirty 
j'ears in cruising up and down the coast 
between New York and Xew Orleans, 
enabled him to defy the traitorous 
Southrons who have extinguished every 
light on the coast from Cape Henry to 
the reefs of Florida. 

Our Destination. — The Problem .Solved. 

The expedition went to sea under 
sealed orders, and conjecture was ex- 
hausted as to its destination. All were 
wise iu their own conceit, ami in the ex- 
ercise of their Yankee prerogative 
guessed they knew wlK'ro they were go- 
ing. On leaving Boston they were to 
be lauded at Fortress Monroe, and tlien 
re-enil)arked on a great fleet to reduce 
Norfolk. After leaving Old Point bets 
were freidy offered that the troops, sail- 
ly disappointed in not landing at Old 
Point, were going lo reinforce Ueneral 
Sherman at Port Koyal; but the odds 
were changed in favor of Fort Pickens, 
as the report from the Norfolk Kebels 
of an attack u))0n that point gained cur- 
rency on board. A few learned the se- 
cret on the first night out, liut it was 
not until II o'clock on the f(dIowing 
day, when the ofiicial orders were 
broached, that the mystery which had 
shrouded the enterprise was dispelled, 
and Shi]) island was announced as the 
basis of future operations. 

Lookiii;^ Alicnd, 

Fxamination and inciuiry have satis- 
fled me of the great importance of .Shij) 
island as a strategical |)oint. Regard Ing 
the cotton states as the seat of the mis- 
chief which has thrown the country 
into its jiri'sent deplorable condi- 
tion, the Sliilells .-mil Souk's of New Or- 
leans being the chiefs of the i>rospec- 
tive Southern enii)ire, no point, iduld 
have been s<'lected from which lo spread 
terror to the Kebels of the gulf states, 
which affords greater facilities than 
Ship island. 'I'lie slave poiiulati(Ui of 



the cottou-growiiig states is at once the 
most intelligent and dangerous in tlie 
whole South, owing to the system which 
has long been practiced by the slave- 
holders of the border tier of slave states, 
of selling their fractious Negroes to the 
cotton and rice planters, as a means of 
punishment, and of removing the evi- 
dences of their own shame through the 
same channel. From this cause the 
slaves on the plantations soon to be 
menaced by the I'nion forces, bringing 
with them from the Caroliuas and Vir- 
ginia the blood of theh' former masters, 
have become more independent and are 
imbued w ith a, stronger desire to obtain 
their freedom, than the full-blooded Af- 
rican ; and Ihi' supposition is, that upon 
the a.dvance of the Fe(leral forces the 
Negroes will l)ecome their allies and take 
up arms against their masters, if allowed 
to dfi so. 

STEAMEIt Constitution, \ 

SHie Island Harhor, Miss., ! 

Tiicsilay Evening, Dec. 3, 18G1. ) 

The noble ship has reached her desti- 
nation in safety and to-night lies within 
sight of the I'ebel shore of Mississippi, 
with a friendly island under her lee. 
Ketrospect of tlie Voyage. 

Looking l)ack over a period of six 
days, since the steamer left Hampton 
Uoads, the voyage now ended, seems 
one long sunnner-day, broken only by 
tiie few hours of partial forgetfidness, 
snatched from the hum and bustle of 
this restless company. The voyage has 
been one of unprecedented serenity, and 
the quietude of the elements has only 
been equaled by the concord which has 
prevailed on board. The weather has 
been uniforndy pleasant; the ocean, till 
last night, has been as smooth as a mill- 
pond, and as kindly dis))osed to the 
great ship as mother ever was to child. 
The most jiertect harmony has marked 
the intercourse of the troops, only one 
man having been placed under arrest; 
while the saloon has appeared like the 
reading-room of a literary club, with 
tlie additional attraction of a concert- 
room. 

The steamer struck the current of the 
gulf stream about 9 o'clock on the day 
after leaving Old Point, and stood along 
its western edge, avoiding the force of 
the current and the coast, without being 
in sight of the latter. At 1 o'clock Fri- 
day morning a bright reflection on the 
horizon indicate<l a conflagration in the 
neighborhood of Georgetown, N. C. 
Four hours later the steamer passed 
Charleston, at mention of which a gen- 
eral <lesire was expressed to make a 
morning call at Fort Svnnter. The 
steamer passed within twenty-two miles 
of Port Royal, but saw no signs of the 
fleet. About I o'clock in the afternoon 
a sail hove in sight otV the starboard 
bow, about sixty miles south of Savan- 
nah, which, from her appearance, was 
a United States sloop-of-war. When 
flrst seen she had her lower sails clewed 
uj), but, u])on our heaving in sight, she 
spread all her canvas .and stood out to 
intercept us, which she failed to do. 
About 11 o'clock Saturdav the welcome 



cry of '• Here 's lanil, boys ! " brought 
all" hands on deck, and the coast of Flor- 
ida continued to be the study of all eyes 
henceforward. On Sunday morning we 
passed in full view of the lighthouse on 
Carysfort reef, which takes its name 
from an English frigate which was 
wrecked there many years ago. It is iu 
possession of the Federal government, 
as was proved by the national banner 
which the keeper hung out as we 
passed. 

A boat ptit oft' from the light at our 
approach and joined a government-tend- 
er anchored near the shore. Sombrero 
light, which was passed in the after- 
noon, also displayed the Stars and 
Stripes. At 7 o'clock Sunday evening 
the steamer passed Key West, though 
not near enough to see the town ; we 
made out a large vessel, apparently a 
Federal war-ship, standing out to sea. 
The light at the entrance of the harbor 
was the flrst which had been seen leav- 
ing the Chesapeake, and was followed by 
the splendid reflector on the Sand Key, 
and at irndnight by the light on the Tor- 
tugas, whicli we passed at that hour. 
In twenty-four hours after passing For- 
tress Monroe, when overcoats were con- 
sidered a luxury, the indications of a re- 
newal of the summer solstice rapidly 
increased, till on the second day, many 
of the men ajipeared on deck in their 
shirtsleeves and barefooted. Blankets 
and overcoats were considered entirely 
out of season, and regrets were freely 
expressed that they had not been left at 
home to protei't the shivering^ soldiers 
in the army of the Potomac. But after 
entering the Gulf of Mexico the steamer 
encountered a "norther," which closed 
the pores and called into requisition the 
overcoats, which to-night, in the lati- 
tude of New Orleans, sixty miles dis- 
tant, are not uncomfortable. The voyage 
has been a monotonous one, a transport 
aft'ording but limited means for either 
recreation or amusement. 

The stock of reading in the expedi- 
tion is not large, and a branch of " Lor- 
ing's .South End Circulating Library " 
woidd be hailed as the greatest blessing 
by the troops, whose friends can not 
render them a greater service than by 
sending books and papers to Ship island. 
Letter-writing, the daily record of the 
incidents of the voyage, and games at 
cards, chess, checkers, and dominoes, 
have constituted tlie chief occupation 
of oliicers and men, and the heavy mail- 
bags which the Constitution takes back 
to New England attest the iudustrj' of 
the troops in the flrst-mentioned partic- 
ular. The excellent band of the Twen- 
ty-sixth regiment has alterntited with 
that of the Connecticut Ninth in furnish- 
ing a source of enjoyment, by playing 
several times each <lay on the hurricane 
deck for the benefit of the men, .and in 
the saloon evenings, where the oflicers 
and ladies were assembled. This refin- 
ing feature of the voyage, added to the 
presence of the ladies of several of the 
oliicers, who shed a halo of happiness 
on all about them, kept green the mem- 
ory of home and friends, and exerted a 
salutarv influence over the masculine 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



101 



community. Strictly military duties on 
board have been limited to the rej^ular 
roll-calls and guard-mountino;, about 
eighty men having been detailed daily, 
who mounted guard with side-arms only, 
to preserve order. 

It has been a subject of general sur- 
prise that we have not encountered any 
of the vessels of the blockading squad- 
rons of either the South Atlantic or 
Gulf divisions durhig the voyage. Few 
vessels of any kind were seen in the At- 
lantic, and not one in crossing the Gulf, 
which appeared as gloomy and unfre- 
quented as it was in the days of Cor- 
tez. 

Arrival nt Ship Island. — Entering Port. 

About 1 o'clock this afternoon, land 
was discovered directly ahead, and in 
the mirage arose suddenly in full view 
the t'handeleur islands — a chain of 
long, low sand hills — at the northern 
extremity of which a light-house, with 
the Stars and Stripes floating from the 
top, indicated the welcome fact that it is 
in the possession of loyal men. 

At sight of land Joy pervaded the 
ship's company, who, having been four- 
teen days on board the steamer, hailed 
even the desolate beach as an indication 
of a speedy deliverance. A few min- 
utes later, a high, wooded bluff at tlie 
eastern end of Ship island hove in sight, 
and gra<lually the outline of the destina- 
tion of the expedition was defined. At 
the western extremity of a long sand- 
spit appeared a port and a light-house, 
and around the point a tleet of steamers 
and sailing craft lay at anchor. One of 
these — the United States gun-boat li. 
11. Cu'iler — got under way at the aii- 
proach of the ConstiUdion, and ran out 
to otter assistance in entering the har- 
bor. Lieut. James Parker of the Guyler 
came on board and piloted the steamer 
to a safe anchorage. 

The crew of the Cuyler greeted the ex- 
pedition witli rousing cheers, which 
were responded to by two thousand joy- 
ful hearts. The guns of the Constitu- 
tion poured forth a salute, and at 4 
o'clock she dropped anchor almost with- 
in hailing distance of the shore. Cap- 
tain Smith, of the United States gun- 
boat Massachusetts, the senior officer of 
the flotilla here, came on board, and 
orders having been brought from the Na- 
vy department for Flag-officer McKean, 
commanding the Gulf division of the 
blockading squadron. Captain Smith 
immediately dispatched the R. R. Cui/lfr 
to Pensacola to deliver the same. Cap- 
tain Smith tendered the services of his 
steamer to General Phelps to make a 
reconnoissauce of the eastern end of the 
island, where it was supposed the troops 
would encamp, and Colonel Jones having 
been detailed for that duty, he went, ac- 
companied b}' Captain Butler and the 
representatives of the press, on board 
the Massachusetts. It being late and diffi- 
cult to make a thorough examination of 
the position, the steamer went but a 
short distance up the island, and re- 
turned to her anchorage near the Consti- 
tution, and in a position to aftbrd assist- 
ance in case of an attack from the 



enemy. In the mean time no person 
belonging to the expedition has yet been 
on shore. 

The expedition is ended, to the delight 
of all. A few trifling accidents and sev- 
eral mild cases of fever occurred, and 
were successfullj' treated by the sur- 
geons. Though Ship island as seen 
from the shore presents no very attrac- 
tive features, it will nevertheless offer a 
habitation, which, in the words of the 
lamented Winthrop, "does not lurch 
and wallow," and a couch which will 
not fall from under you. 

Before taking leave of the Constitu- 
tion, I desire to record ni}' acknowledg- 
ments of the uniform courtesy which I 
have received from Captain Fletcher, 
her skillful commander, and the other 
officers of the steamer, and to add my 
testimony to the universal opinion that 
the ship is a credit to her constructors 
and owners. And now for a description 
of 

Ship Island Harbor. 

It is situated north of the western end 
of the island, and at ordinary tides ves- 
sels drawing twenty feet of water can 
enter from the Gulf by a channel be- 
tween Ship and Cat islands, which is the 
inside passage by which vessels of light 
draft leave and depart for New Orleans. 
There is no entrance at the east end of 
the island for vessels of more than six 
or eight feet draft, and the water near 
the shore is ver^' shallow. While the 
mouth of the Mississippi has been block- 
aded by the Federal fleet, no inconsider- 
able number of small vessels have 
slipped out from New Orleans, through 
Mississippi sound, and out into the Gulf, 
between Ship and Horn islands, and run 
to the West Indies : none but gun-boats 
of light draft, and guns of long range, 
can be of any service in preventing this 
contraband trade, and the sooner the 
government sends such vessels here thi' 
sooner the blockade of New Orleans 
will be made eft'ectual. The anchorage, 
with water equal to the depth on the 
bar, is five miles long, and averages a 
quarter of a mile wide. 

The great advantage of the harbor, 
now little understood, is that it a fiords 
facilities for the protection of our navy 
against foreign interference, and for 
striking offensive blows at all points in 
Secessia on the Gulf coast. The impor- 
tance of the harbor to the commercial 
marine of the country can not be over- 
rated, as immense quantities of timber, 
cotton, sugar, and other productions of 
Louisiana and Mississippi could be ship- 
ped through this channel to all parts of 
the world, at less cost than they can be 
dispatched from New Orleans, down the 
Mississippi. Looking forward to the 
re-opening of Southern ports, Mississip- 
pi ('ity might be made an important 
cotton-depot, and Ship island harbor a 
rival port of New Orleans. 

Collision between Federal Gun-lioats. 

The steamer R. R. Cui/ler, which left 
here this evening for Fort Pickens, when 
just outside the harbor, came in collision 
with the United States gun-boat New 
London, from Pensacola, with an ai-med 



United States schooner in tow. The 
cutwater of the Cuyler was stove badly, 
and, though she continued on lier course, 
she will probably proceed to Key West 
for repairs. The Xevj London liad her 
rail carried away, but sustained no seri- 
i)us damage. 



Fort JlASSAcnusKTxs, ) 
Snip Island, Dec", ISiil. j 

Debarkation of the TroojiH. 

At an earlj' hour Wednesday morning 
preparations were made to land the 
troops. The steamers Uenry Lewis ami 
Anna, captured from the Rebels, came 
alongside the Constitution, and at 8 
o'clock the men l)egan to march off, Co. 
B, of the Twenty-sixth regiment. Cap- 
tain Clark, being the first logo on board 
the lighters. A strong breeze blew from 
the north-west, and a swift current with 
a chop sea was setting out. The small 
steamers, after their decks were filled 
with soldiers, steamed over to the island 
and lay alongside a temporary pier, 
where the men landed with ease ami 
safety. Not an accident occurred, and 
the troops were all landed before noon. 

The scene presented bj' th(^ debarka- 
tion of the troops was the most animat- 
ing of the whole voyage. 'J'o the sol- 
diers, long cooped-up on shipboard, the 
island in all its barrenness possessed at- 
tractions which dissipated the dull mo- 
notony of sea-life, and leaping on shore 
the men huzzaed, and scampered about 
like so many colts let loose. Two days 
have scarcely elapsed since their land- 
ing, and yet they have explored the 
whole island ; dined on fresh pork and 
'coons, which they have killed, and dis- 
covered a fertile oyster-bed, four miles 
away, upon which they are no\\- luxu- 
riating. 

While Colonel Jones superintended the 
departure of the troops from the vessel, 
Lieutenant-colonel Farr, of the Twenty- 
sixth, Colonel Cahill and Mnjor Frye, 
of the Connecticut Ninth, were on shore 
and gave directions for laying out the 
encamiiments and pitching the Lents. 
Captain Smith and the officers of the 
.steamer Massachusetts, and the officers 
of the fort, rendered valuable assistance 
in the work of debarkation. Commander 
Smith placing men, steamers, and boats 
at the disposal of the officers of the ex- 
pedition, while Lieutenant Buchanan, 
commanding at the fort, personally di- 
rected matters on shore. The eaiJture 
of the two Rebel steamers used in land- 
ing the troops and stores was most op- 
portune, as without them the debarka- 
tion would have been a slow and tedious 
process, with the facilities at baud. 
With all the joy which marked the ap- 
pearance of the troops on reaching terra 
firma, there was no disguising the fact 
that their dreams had not been realized, 
and disappointment was depicted on the 
faces of all. On leaving Boston they 
had expressed a wish m song to be 
" Away down South in Dixie," and now 
that they were in reality there, Ihe 
visions of orange groves and mocking 
birds vanished, and nothing but sand- 
hills and water met the view. 



102 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



While lh<> officers were staking out 
tile !iniuii(l for the encampments, the 
men seate<l themselves in S(iuads, and 
while some sat contenqilating the liis- 
couraging prospect, others true to home 
and to friends, with knapsack for writ- 
ing-<lesk, recorded ••first impressions'" 
for the editication of their friends. But 
work had to be done, and the t>oys soon 
rallied and were at it in earnest. Wheid- 
harrows and shovels were brought into 
requisition ; the hills were laid low : tlie 
rough places made smooth ; one by 
one the conical dwellings, which can 
with difficulty be distinguished in the 
distance from' the white sand on which 
they are pitched, were erected, and bo- 
fore sundown two canvas villages on the 
outi)Osts of Helieldoni were tenanted by 
the loyal sons of JIassachusetts and 
Connecticut. Both regiments encamped 
on the beach about half a mile from the 
port, each camp being backed by a range 
of sand-hillocks, which command a view 
of the soimd, and from which the ap- 
proach of the enemy can readily be dis- 
covered. 

The camp of the Twenty-sixth extends 
east, i)ar.-iUel with tlie line of the beach, 
while the Ninth Connecticut are en- 
camped just back of the liglit-house, on 
which Major Frye hoisted the Stars and 
Stripes, i'ents will be exposed to strong- 
winds which prevail here, Init with long 
tent-pins they can be secured to the 
drifting f(um(iation. Good fresh water 
can be had almost for the asking. The 
men have only to sink a ))arrel any- 
where in the sand, and a w ell of ]iure 
water supplies their necessities. The isl- 
and furnishes excellent facilities for 
bathing, and the climate being temper- 
ate, tlie health of the troops will of ne- 
cessity be i)ri'serv<Ml. Manning's bat- 
tery is now encinijied under th<' walls 
of the fort, but will probalily relieve the 
garrison soon and take up their (juarters 
inside. Tlie two brass rifled 12-|)Ound- 
ers of the Constitution have been trans- 
ferred to the steamer Leiois^ where they 
will be likely to render important ser- 
vice. 

Ship Island and Its Fortifirution. 

The isl.-ind is about seven miles long, 
and extends in a curve north-east and 
south-west. The eastern end of the isl- 
and is about a mile wide, and covered 
with a grove of live o.nk and oedai-, 
abounding in raccoons, which furnish 
rich sjiort to the soldiers, as you have 
only to sliake the tree, and like the ])oor 
victim of Colonel Crockett, they will 
"come down." when they are easily 
killed. The surface Is intersecteil with 
ravines and ditches tilled with water. A 
bayou extends almost across the island 
at this jioint from .Mississi|)pi sound. 
This jiart of the island, previous to a 
severe storm wliidi occurred in Octobi'r. 
18(!0, was occupied by several families. 
in rearing cattle, many of which still re- 
main on the island. Wild hogs also live 
in the woods, and a br.'ice of bloixl- 
hounds inhabit the grove. 

The western end of the island is .-i low 
sand-si)it, about four miles long and a 
(|uarter of a mile widi', entirely desti- 
luteof trees, a few palms and a sparse 



growth of long beach-grass only tind- 
ing nourishment. The surface is broken 
by ridges apparently washed up by the 
heavy seas which " northers'" roll in on 
the beach. This peninsula is connected 
with the head by an isthmus, across 
which the tide flows. At the extreme 
western end of the island is a fort, com- 
manding the only channel by which the 
harbor can be entered, and just to the 
eastward of this is a ligiit-house. The 
fortitication forms nearly a complete 
circle and is built of brick, with several 
tiers of sand-bags piled against and pro- 
tecting the exterior wall. It is divided 
into twelve bomb-proof casements, and 
on the land-side are two flanking forts. 
The fortiflcation was commenced by the 
Federal government before the war 
broke out, at which time mechanics 
were at work here. The guns which 
the traitor Floyd ordered from Pitts- 
bni'gh, but which were stopped in trans- 
itu, were intended for this fort. 

The officer superintending the con- 
struction of tlie fortiflcations lived at 
Biloxi, and when hostilities commenced 
he abandoned the work aiul removed 
with his workmen to that place, leaving 
bricks enough to complete the fortitica- 
tion. The Secessionists, fearing the 
place would be occuj^ied by the Oniou 
forces, came over and burned every 
thing combustible in the fortitication, 
which outrage they charged ujion the 
Federalists. 

The steamer Massachusetts^ ( 'aptain 
Smith, which has since done such good 
service in these waters, arrived here on 
the 28th of June and stopped to block- 
ade the sound. One day she captured 
live schooners and drove back one of the 
ten ste.amers which at that time plied 
between New Orleans and Mid)il<' via 
.Mississippi sound. 

The Massachusetts stopped here till 
news of the escape of the Humter from 
New Orleans was received, when she 
was ordered to Pensacola with dis- 
patches for the flag-officer. On the ;{d 
of July, in the absence of the Massachu- 
setts, the Rebels came over with tiieir 
engineers and mechanics and laid their 
plans to occupy and rebuild the fort. 
The Massachusetts returned on tb<' 4tli of 
July, and found the light extinguished, 
the keeper saying that he had been or- 
dered by an officer from the Brooklyn 
not to liglit it. Captain Smith left again 
on the .")tb for the passes, .-ind arrived 
back (Ui the Sth. A Jiebel steamer was 
then discovered at anchor inside the 
point, and lights on the shore. Sus- 
pecting all was not right, she ran up to 
the island an<l tired a salute into the 
fort, but received no reply. 

That night the Kebels were engaged 
in throwing up entrenchments and 
mount ing guns on the ])oint, and on the 
morning of the '.Itli they opened lire on 
the Massachusetts from a large rifled 
cannon, and two 9-inch sea-coast guns. 
Till' Massachusetts replied, keeping up 
the tight for two hours before break- 
fast, and at onetime silenced the guns 
of the enemy. .After breakfast the 
liebels opened again on the steamer. 
Several of their rifled shells passed over 



her, but so near to the heads of the men 
that they fell on the deck. Xo one was 
injured, however, on the Massachusetts, 
but the Rebels had one man seriously 
injured. After keeping up the engage- 
ment tor two hours, the Massachusetts, 
running short of powder, and finding 
her shot did not reach the shore, retired 
and anchored out of range. The Rebels 
remained in possession until the Itith of 
Septembi-r, wfien — under the impres- 
sion that a naval and military force 
were detailed to attack the place, and 
supposing that they could not hold It^ 
they evacuated. 

The fort was garrisoned by five com- 
panies of the 4tli Mississippi regiment, 
Lieutenant-colonel Allen commanding. 
The Rebel armament of tlie f(U't con- 
sisted of thirteen guns — 82's, 42"s, 64"s, 
and 96"s — mounted in the casements in- 
side, and in four sand-batteries at dift"er- 
ent jioints outside. On leaving the isl- 
and the Rebels set fire to the buildings 
and the light-house, and embarked on 
board six steamers, carrying away all 
their guns and other property, w itli the 
exception of much valuable lumber and 
thirty-five liead of cattle. 

On the night of the evacuation, the 
Massachusetts, Preble, and Marion were 
standing over the island, but on account 
of high winds and head currents the 
sailing vessels could not reach the point. 
The Massachusetts run over and fired 
sliidl at the retreating Rebels, but re- 
ceived no reply, the shot evidently hur- 
rying their departure. Tlie fort, which 
tiie Rebels called Fort Twiggs, was 
taken iiossessiou of the next morning liy 
the officers of the Massachjisetts. 

The work of fortifying the jilace was 
at once commenced, and at the pri'Sent 
time the fort mounts four y-incli shell- 
guns, three in bomb-proof I'asemates, 
bearing on the channel and sound; one 
!)-inch pivot-gun. having a range of two 
and a half miles, in a sand-battery com- 
manding the sound ; and two howitzers 
on top of the casemates, commanding 
the a])proaches on the land-side, from 
wliieli shrapnel and canister can be 
thrown twelve hundred yards uj) the isl- 
and. The crews from the flotilla have 
erected two casemates and rendered 
bomb-])roof two others, besides doing a 
large amount of other worli, inciilental 
to occupying their new position. The 
garrison at present consists of one hun- 
dred and tifty-eiglit sailors and marines, 
and six officers. The following is a list 
of the orticers attached to the fort: — 

[lieutenant commanding — Thomas 
McKean Buchanan, of the Mississippi. 

Lieut. Phili]) H. W. Fontrie, of the 
Mississippi, commanding the Marine 
corjis. 

.Vcting Masters — George AViggen, of 
the Potomac; S. N. Freeman, detached 
from file Santee, and Frank B. Merriam, 
of the Massachusetts, on temiiorary ser- 
vice as jiaymaster. 

Acting Midshipman — K. T. Wood- 
ward, of the Mississippi. 

The Naval Force in I'ort. 

The p'cderal flotilla at present sta- 
tioned in Ship island harbor consists of 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



103 



the steamers 3Iassachusetts, 7 guus ; 7i. 
H. Ouyler, 9 guus; Ncxe London, 5 guus ; 
the light-draft schooner, Rachel Seaman, 
just arrived froin Philadelphia, witli am- 
uuiuitiou for the steamer Massachusetts 
and the fort, and the prize steamers 
Letcis and Anna., and several small eraft. 
The ward-room of the dlassacMtsetts 
shows the efl'ect of the recent engage- 
ment with the Reliel gun-boat Florida, 
on which the redoubtable " Conmio- 
dore " Hollius, of the Musquito fleet, 
came out into the sound one day, and 
firing a gun to leeward, challenged the 
Massachiisetts. Captain Smith took up 
the glove, and running in as far as the 
depth of water would allow, engaged 
and drove oft' the enemy- The rifled gun 
of the Florida was disabled, her stern- 
post and top-works shot away, her i)ad- 
dle-box badly stove, and four men killed, 
and leaking badly, being half full of 
water whi>n she arrived at Pass Christ- 
ian, as was learned from prisoners re- 
cently taken. 

With the prizes which have been cap- 
tured much valuable property has been 
taken. On the shore near the lauding 
are piled up twelve hundred barrels of 
molasses, four hundred barrels spirits of 
turpentine, and other merchandise. The 
schooner Olive, captured by the Neio 
London, was loaded with yellow-pine 
lumber, originall}' intended for this for- 
tification, but which, after its evaeua- 
tiou by the Kebels, was ordereil to Fort 
Pike. Through the vigilance of the 
Federal officers it will be appropriated 
to its original purpose. 

The blockading squadron olTthe mouth 
of the Mississippi have recently earned 
fresh laurels, the Mississippi aud Vin- 
eennes having captured an Englisli 
barque endeavoring to ruu the blockade 
with .$20,000 in specie aud .$200,000 
worth of coffee on board. The Snntee, 
blockading Galveston, a short time since 
captured and burned a privateer which 
attemjited to leave that port, killing 
three men, wounding several, and taking 
a nundjer of prisoners, including the 
owner. The fight was a desperate one, 
resulting in the loss of two men on the 
Santee, and the wounding of several 
others seriously. 

Tlie Musquito Fleet in Mississii>i>i Sound. 

The Kebi'ls have a fleet of war-steam- 
ers which run out from New Orleans 
and cruise in Mississippi sound, con- 
sisting of the Florida, 6 guns ; Pamlico, 
2; Oregon, 2; Arroto, 2 — all heavy rifled 
cannon — aud the Grey Eagle, which car- 
ries a 9-inch shell-gun and some rifled 
cannon. Some of these steamers ajipear 
in sight ever}' day, reconnoitering the 
I^nion forces. The officers of the Fed- 
eral flotilla are constantly on the watch 
for the enemy, and allow no opportuni- 
ty to pass whicli oft'ers a chance for a 
fight. The JVeio London is of light draft, 
and, w ith an extra crew from the fort, 
nightly leaves the harbor on expeditions 
against the Rebels, who have been car- 
rying on an extensive commerce between 
New Orleans aud Mobile. On Tuesday 
last a fleet of ten steamers passed 
through the sound to Mobile under con- 



voy of four Rebel war steamers. None 
of these freight and passenger boats 
have since been seen, however. The 
prize steamer Lciris was one of this 
class, and the California, formerly of 
New York, is engaged in the same line 
of business. 

On Wednesday morning the Federal 
steamer Montgomery, blockading Grant's 
pass, about thirty miles from Shi]) 
island in the direction of Mobile, was 
attacked by five Rebel war steamers, 
with long-range guns, and driven from 
her position. The Rebel gunboat 
Oregon subsequently started for the 
westw ard, and the Montgomery came up 
to Ship island to put the officers of 
the flotilla on the alert. The Rebel 
steamer lay ofl' this point, and appeared 
to be making a recounoisauce. Aj)- 
prehensions were felt of an attack 
Wednesday night, and the Constitution 
being in no condition to repel the enemy, 
the chains were unshackled, steam 
raised, the guus double shotted, aud 
every preparation made to slip out in 
case of an attack. Ammunition was 
sent on shore for the troops, and Gen- 
eral Phelps took up his quarters on the 
island in order to bo near his command. 
The night passed, however, without any 
demonstration from the enemy. 

Eebel Submaiine Telegraph Destroyed. 

Immediately after the occupation of 
Ship island by the Federal forces. Cap- 
tain Smith, of the Massachusetts, sent 
an expedition, consisting of two launches 
manned by thirty-four sailors from the 
Massachusetts and Preble, under com- 
mand of Messrs. Ryder and Merriam of 
the Massachusetts, for the purpose of 
underrunuiug a suljmariue telegraphic 
cable which connected the line between 
New Orleans and Mobile. After a se- 
vere pull of tweuty-thi-ee miles, whicli 
occupied nine hours, the expedition ar- 
rived at its destination, aud landing cut 
the cable on shore, took the end in the 
boats and underrun about seventy-five 
feet of it, cutting it oft' with axes and 
destroying the efficacy of the cable. 
More would have been secured, but day- 
light coming on, they left. On their re- 
turn they were chased by a Rebel 
steamer, which gave up the pursuit as 
soon as they disco-^-ered that the boats 
were armed. 

The Rebels have a powder-mill about 
twelve miles from Mississippi City, 
where they are manufacturing eighteen 
hundred pounds of powder daily. This 
establishment may receive the attention 
of the forces at this point ere long. 

A Hard Task. 

The encampment of the troops is 
about a mile from the point at which 
they lauded on the island, aud there 
being an entire lack of any means of 
transportation, other than wheelbar- 
rows, nearly all the tents, arms, stores, 
and camp equipage had to be carried up 
on the shoulders of the men, or rolled 
over the light sand. It was a tedious 
and laborious operation, and one which 
taxed the energies of the men to their 
fullest extent. Fortunately the weather 



has not been uncomfortably hot. and the 
troo])s have sustained their arduous task 
nol)ly. The w ork of trans])ortation has 
been materially lessened by the con- 
struction of a plank walk, which Major 
Frye aud the men of the Connecticut 
regiment have imiuovised from the tim- 
ber found on the beach. 

The I'nited States ordnance steamer 
De Soto, Captain Walker, arrived here 
ou Friday from Pensacola, with rifled 
cannon, with which she is supplying all 
the vessels of the blockading scpiadron 
in the Gulf. She is bound to Uarstaria 
bay to blockade. 

i'he officers and men of the navy at 
this [(oint are deserving of the highest 
l)raise for their indefatigable labors to- 
ward the suppression of the Rebellion. 
They had not only been obliged, since 
taking possession of the island, to keep 
u|( a regular military establishment on 
shore, but have been conii>elled to per- 
form a vast amount of labor in raising 
jirize vessels sunk in a •'norther"; 
landing their cargoes ; building a wharf, 
and complctiug the fortification. Their 
services are deserving of recognition by 
the government, especially those of 
Acting Masters Ryder of the Massachu- 
setts and Freeman of the fort. The 
former is the party who, when the gal- 
lant Anderson and his command in tort 
Sumter were being reduced by star- 
vation, oft'ered to ])rovision the garrison 
in whale boats at all hazards; while the 
latter has been knighted by the tiueen 
of Si)ain, for gallant services rendered 
ill rescuing the officers aud crew of a 
wrecked Spanish man-of-war. Mr. 
Ryder has superintended the erection of 
tlie casemates of the fort and the build- 
ing of the wharf. Mr. Freeman has 
rafsed several sunken vessels, and in 
landing the troops and supplies his 
services as commander of the Lewis 
liave been iuvaluabli>. 

Acting Master Wiggin, from the Poto- 
7nac, one of the most v.-iliialde officers 
of the tort, has been detailed as pilot of 
the gun-boat Xeiv London, -nhfro, on ac- 
count of his acquaintance with all parts 
of the Sound, he will render valuable 
service. Acting Midshipman AVood- 
ward, a young and promising officer, 
has also show-n commendable zeal in 
the performance of his duty. 

Future Operations. 

In the absence of all positive knowl- 
edge respecting the policy of the gov- 
ernment and the plans of the leaders of 
this expedition, it is utterly impossible 
to predict — what the future only cau 
deti-ruiine — w here the first blow will he 
struck in the campaign here commenced. 
Speculation points to New- Orleans and 
Mobile as the points to be attacked. 
Presuming that one or both of these 
places are to become the objects of es- 
pecial attention from General Butler, it 
is well to estimate the chances of suc- 
cess. Regarding the natural facilities 
for reaching the two cities, Jlobile ofters 
the greatest inducements for an attack. 
Tlie city is about forty miles distant, 
anil troops can be conveyed in light- 
draught steamers from Ship island. 



104 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



throuijli Mississiin)! sound and (Jranfs 
])ass, into Mobile l)ay. 

I liave k'arned Iroiii a prisoner now 
on hoard the steamer Mas.'--aiiuisrtts that 
the Rebels have planted a battery of 
three guns eonunanding the pass, and 
that at the liead of the bay, at the junc- 
tion of Si)anish river and Choetaw 
bayou, a foundation, iOO feet sijuare, 
built of [liles, tilled in solid with stone 
and earth, has been sunk in six feet of 
water, and ujion this a fort is in process 
of erection which will mount fifty guns. 
All vessels, before entering the city, 
will be compelled to pass this formid- 
able battery. The entrances to Jlobile 
bay from the (iulf are protected by 
Forts Morgan and Gaines, in an ex))e- 
ditioti from this i)oint against New < )r- 
leans, the course is by water through 
lakes Borgne and Pontcljartrain to within 
three miles of New Orleans, thence by 
railroail or canal to the city. Fort Pike 
defends the passage into Lake Pontchar- 
train, and I learn from the same source 
quoted above that the Uebels liave 
erected batteries along the line of the 
Pontchartrain railroad, and have also 
])lanted one hundred heavy guns in 
front of the custom house at New 
Orleans. 

The arrival of General Butler is 
anxiously awaited, when something 
more definite may be learned. In the 
meantime, General Pheli)S is busy in 
reconnoitering tile island, and with 
plans and specifications pre|iaring to 
complete this fort. 

1 am indebted to Acting Paymaster 
^Vlerriam, whose acquaintance with the 
fort extends back to the lirst occupation 
of the island by the Union forces, for 
much valuable information respecting 
atlairs here. 

A Briisli with the Kiieiliy, 

This afternoon, a Rebel gun-boat hove 
in sight across the sound, when the 
Federal gun-boat got under way, and 
followed by the De Soto, run over and 
engaged Iter. The New London and 
Itebel steamer exchanged several shot, 
when a secon<l and a smaller Secesh 
steamer came to the aid of the tirsl, 
and tired at the Xno London. The De 
Suto did not ])artii'iiiate. The com- 
batants were about four miles ajiart, 
and though the Federal steamers have 
not returned as I close my letter, it is 
Ihought thai neither |)arty sustained 
damage. 

'I'he camp of the Twenty-sixth Massa- 
clliisetts and Ninth "Coimecticut regi- 
ments liave been named "Camp Consli- 
tntioii" in honor of the steamer. Captain 
Fletcher having presented ( 'olomd 
Jones the ship's barge. 

Nkw ^■(>l!K, Xov. 'M. Tlie Tribune's 
s])ecial Wasliington dispatch says that 
government received iut(dligence yes- 
IcnUiy that the leaders of the Rclxdlion 
in I'ichniond and In the Rebel camps 
.across the Rotomac at last are satisfied 
that they are to be beaten in the issue of 
arms which they have made, an<i tlial 
tlie cause of Secession is a hopeless one. 



On Thursday, while the pickets of the 
New York 'Twenty-eighth regiment were 
in the neighborhood of Burns's house, 
on the road leading to Fairfax Court- 
house, five foraging wagons, accom- 
panied by about twenty-five Rebel 
cavalry, made their ajjpearance at that 
))Oint, doubtless with the design of 
drawing our men into an ambush. After 
the arrival of General Wadsworth with 
an Increased force from his brigade, the 
ju'ctended foraging party disappeared. 

Washington, Dec. 2, ISDl. An im- 
portant conference was held this even- 
ing, to reconcile. if possible, the conflict- 
ing views in the Cabinet and in Congress 
on the treatment of the slaves of Rebels. 
All agree that the war must be vigor- 
ously prosecuted, and the navy in- 
creased. 



Reception of the Massachusetts 
'Twenty-fifth in New Yohk. — New 
York, Nov. 1. — Colonel Upton's Mas- 
sachusetts Twenty-fifth Regiment re- 
ceived a hearty welcome to-day from 
the Sons of Massachusetts. They ar- 
rived at iibout noon at the Norwich 
ilepot, foot of Vestry street, and were 
escorted to the Park barracks by the 
Sons, where tlie men were amply pro- 
vided with a hot and substantial meal, 
'i'he otficers dined at the Astor house, 
where there was an elegant table set by 
Mr. Stetson, the occasion being presided 
over by Col. Frank E. Howe. 



A Soldier's "Valentine. 

in n. ALOER, .III. 

.lust froui the sentiy's tramp, 

(I must tal<e it ujiiiin at ten) 
I liiive laid luy musket iltiwn, 

And seized 'instead my jicii; 
l''or pacing my lonely rouiitl 

In tlie oliilly twiliyiit gray, 
The tliought, dear Mary, oame 

Tliat this is Valentine's Day. 

And witli the thtniglil Diore came 

A glimp.s).' olllic liapjty time, 
When a sclK)olljt)>'s tii-st attempt 

I sent you, in lutrrowed rhyme. 
On a gllt-edf^ed slioet. (•ml)ossed 

With many a quaint dusign, 
And signed 'in sehooUjoy hand, 

" Your loving Valentine." 

'riie years have eome, ami gone — 

Have flown, 1 linow jiol where — 
And the seliooll>oy's merry lace 

Is grave witli nianhood's care; 
But the heart of man still beats 

At the widl-romembered n,ame, 
And on tliis ,St. Valentine's Day 

Ilis choice is still the s,ame. 

There was a time — ah! widl; 

Tliink not that I repine — 
Wlien I di'eainetl this hapjiy day 

M'ould smile on you as nu'ne; 
lint 1 Iieai-il my (Miuntry's (;all ; 

I Icnew tier need was sort! ; 
Tliatik <;od. no seltish thouglit 

Witlilield me ivoui tin; war. 

Uut when llie dear old Hag 

shall float in its au<Ment pritlc — 
Wlienthe twain sliall he made one. 

Ami lends no more di\'ide — 
I will lay my nntslci't d<iwn, 

My ma'rtial f^nrb resign, 
And turn my joyous I'et^t 

Toward home "and \'alentine. 



Captain Read's Mounted Rifle 
Rangers. 

'The squadron of Rangers was mus- 
tered into the United States service at 
Camp Chase last Friday, The selections 
for this corps have been carefully made 
from first-class men, about eight hundred 
aijplieauts having been rejected during 
its enlistment, and it is tlie finest body 
of men that has yet been sent to the 
war from New England. The appear- 
ance of the men in Hue was imposing, 
and the oath was taken without a single 
dissenting voice. 

Captain Read then wheeled the line 
into hollow square ami announced to his 
men that although aiipointed to the 
command of the squadron, he did not 
desire to accept the honor unless he had 
some assurance on their part that the 
appointment met with their approval. 
'The announcement was foHowed by an 
(dection of a most enthusiastic and 
unanimous character. A brief and 
earnest speech was then made by their 
captain, the Rangers cheering heartily. 
He then introduced to them Tjieutenants 
■J. E. Coweu, of Fairhaven, and B. Pick- 
man, of Salem, who were unauimouslj' 
elected to lieuteuauts in the First di- 
vision of the squadron, each resjionding 
in an apjiropriate speech. The lieu- 
tenants of the second division have not 
yet been appointed. The corjis, to 
which Captain Read has authority to 
add fifty-eight more men, is splenilidly 
equipped by the government, and will 
very soon go South. 'The rifles being 
manufactured for it are of an entirely 
new pattern, and without being re- 
volvers, discharge eight shots in rapid 
succession, and at extensive range, 
without reloading. 'The corps will 
number about one hundred and seventy- 
five, and when fully armed with rifles 
and pistols, can fire raiiidly over three 
thousand shots without reloading their 
l)ieces — more than three full regi- 
ments 01 infantry. They can then re- 
load or rely upon their sabers. Such 
a body of men can not but prove of 
the most efli'Ctive character. 

T.ieut. Henry P. Fox, of Capt. 
Marsh A. Ferris's company of sharp- 
shooters, now in camp at Lowell, and 
connected with General Butler's di- 
vision, was the recipient last Friday 
evening of an elegant sword, sash, 
belt, and pistol, from his friends in this 
city. 

'The occasion was made the oppor- 
tunity of a pleasant reunion of his 
fri<'nds at the Quincy house, who lis- 
tened with i)leasiire to .-in appropriate 
presentation speech by ,1. Walbridge 
Fi(dd, Esq., and the grateful and fc-el- 
ing rejily of Lieutenant Fox. 

By order of .Major-general Uiitler, 
blank copies for allotment of i)ay have 
been given to each comiiaiiy in the 
Twenty-sixth regiment, to sign before 
leaving hcuue, 'The ailvautages of this 
allotment for their families or friends 
are mimeroiis, ami it does not, as many 
persons have supposed, prevent the pay- 
ment of the State bounty, but is in 
addition. 



INCIDENTS OF THE Cll'IL WAR. 



105 



Boston and Vicinity. 

Matters at Fort Waijhex. — The 
news of the action taken by Congress in 
requesting the President to confine 
Messrs. Mason and Slidell similarly to 
Colonels Corcoran and Wood, was re- 
ceived at the fort yesterday, and caused 
much excitement among tlie political 
(irisoners there, and aroused sjtecial in- 
dignation from the two individuals above 
referred to, who have taken \\\i their 
winter ciuarters in Boston harbor. 

The Secretary of State has granted to 
Mayor Brown of Baltimore, now con- 
fined at the fort, leave of absence for 
tliirty days, on parole, and he will come 
ni) from the fort this afternoon in the 
steamer which carries dailj* supplies to 
tlie garrison. He is not to leave the 
state under the terms of his jiarole. 



FORTHE.ss MONHoK, Dec. 3. A sharp 
engagement between the United States 
gun-boats Hetzel, Seymour, Whitehall, 
and Shawnee, and a I'ebel steamer, sup- 
posed to be tlie Yurktmon, took jjlace 
yesterday about five miles above New- 
])ort Xews. 

The bombardment l.-isted about two 
hours, coinmencing at .'i o'clock in the 
morning. The Rebel steamer kei)t close 
to the .shore, whei-e a j)0\vei-ful battery 
assisted it materially, but never ven- 
tured within range of our guns. The 
engagement was kejit u]i with great 
vigor and the roar of artillery was 
l)hnnly heard at Old Point. 

A flag of truce, in charge of Provost 
>Iarshal Davis, went from here this 
morning to convey Mr. Pangborn, Con- 
sul for Saxouy at New Orleans, to Nor- 
folk. By that means we learn tliat the 
Pebel vessel engaged in the action yes- 
terday was the steamer Patrick Henry. 
Tlie Kebels claim that no damage was 
done to them. 

To-day afiout half an inch of snow 
iell, and a strong north-east wind pre- 
vailed, but the storm abated toward 
noon. 

APPrfOPRIATE PL'NIsmiEXT.— A yOUUg 

lady who, like all our Northern young 
ladies, bless them ! is religiously devoted 
to the Union cause, during a discussion 
as to what would constitute the surest 
and, at the same time, the most humane, 
punishment of the Secessionist women 
who talk treason openly and spit in the 
faces of loyal people in Baltimore, St. 
I/Ouis, and elsewhere, gave her verdict 
as follows : " Cut off their hair! '" Shav- 
hig the head might have a cooling ef- 
fect. 

A False Report.— A report is in cir- 
culation that Lieutenant Babo, of the 
Twentietli regiment, whoh.-is been miss- 
ing since the disastrous aft'air at BalTs 
Bluff, has been heard from, and that 
having been but slightly wounded, he 
was rapidly recovering. On inquiry as 
to the origin of this statement, our re- 
porters And it to lie entirely without 
authority. No tidings have been heard 
of the lieutenant, and there is nothing 
to warrant such a belief. 



A Terrible Story of the Rebellion. 

A correspondent of the New York 
Tiines, who dates from Springfield, Mo., 
tells the following sad tale of the conse- 
quences of rebellion : — 

" 'J'he tender mercies of Secession are 
cruel. I have just heard the sad story 
of a widow who has buried two sons 
and a daughter since the outbreak of the 
Rebellion, ller three children all fell by 
the hand of violence. 

"She lived in the White River coun- 
try — a land of hills and of ignorance. 
Ill that country she and her family 
stood almost alone upon tin' side of the 
national Union. Her ueigiil)ors were all 
advocates of Rebellion, and ev<'n before 
the arrival of our anny in Spi-iiigtield 
all loyal citizens were warned that they 
must leave their homes or die. It was 
little that the poor widow had to leave 
— a miserable log-cabin and .a small 
pateli of hill-side — but such a-; it was, 
she was ]n'eparing to abandon it, when 
her sou Ilarvev left her, in search of 
employment. She packed his bundle 
with a heavy heart, took a silk handker- 
chief from her neck, gave to him, and 
kissed him good-liye, never expecting to 
see him again. 

" lie had not been gone many days 
when her persecution began. Her little 
boy was one evening briiiging in wood 
for the lire, when a shot was heard — a 
bullet struck the log under his arm, and 
he dropped it with a scream. TIh- ball 
had just missed his lieart. .Toy at his 
eseajie from death was hencef(U'lh min- 
gled with glooinv apprehension. 

"Next, she lieard of the death of 
Harvey. He had found a home, and 
fancying himself secure, was alone at 
work in a tield. The family with whom 
he lived were absent. When they re- 
turned at noon they found his dead body 
in the house, jiierced by a bullet. His 
torn cap and other signs ^\■itnessed to the 
severity of his struggle before he 
3'ielded to his murderer. 

" From tills time the family of Mrs. 
Willis lived in constant fear. One day a 
gun was fired at them as they sat at 
dinner. One man was bold enough to 
come into the cabin in search of tliem. 
At night they all hid in the woods and 
slept. The poor woman was one day 
gathering corn in the garden and Wil- 
liam was sitting upon the fence. 

"'Don't sit there, William," said his 
mother, ' you are too fair a mark for a 
shot." 

"William went to the dooi' and sat 
u]ion the ste)). 

"' William," said his sister, ' vou ar<' 
not safe there. Come into the house." 

" He obeyed. He was sitting between 
two beds, when suddenly another shot 
rang upon the air, and th<- widow's sec- 
ond son, Samuel, whom she had not no- 
ticed sitting by another door, rose to his 
feet, staggered a few steps toward his 
motlier, and fell a corpse before her. 

" ' I never wished any one in torment 
befor(>," she said, ' but I did wish the 
man that killed him was there." 

" Her three oldest sons at once left 
the e.abin and tied over the hills. TIk'V 



are all in the national armv to-ilav. 
Samuers sister washed the cold" clay and 
dressed it for the ^rave. After two days 
the Secession neighbors came to bury 
him. At flrst the frantic nioMier refused 
to let them touch his body. At la«t she 
consented. The clods we're falling upon 
the coffin, each sound awakening an 
echo in her aching heart, when a whip- 
poor-will llultered down, with its wild, 
melancholy cry, and settled in the open 
grave. The note so terrifn-d the con- 
science-stricken, suiJ'M-stitioui wretches, 
that for a moment they fled in dismay. 

"Two of her children were now inthe 
tomfi. Three had escaped for their 
live-i. The unh.ipiiy woman was left 
w ith her two daughters and three small 
children, heiiiless and alone. She was 
ol)liged to go thirty miles upon horse- 
back to the mill for food, and aftei-ward 
to return on foot, leading her horse by 
the bridle, with the sack u]ion his back. 
On her return she me! her children about 
a mile and a half from her own house. 
In her neighbor's yard her two boys, 
aged ten and t w(dve years, were digging 
another grave — the grave (jf an old 
man, murdered in h; r alisciice, for the 
crime of loyalty to the Union. To- 
getiier with a whit<'-iieaded jiatriot, who 
tottered with age, they placed the corpse 
upon a board, rolled it, unprepared for 
burial and uncotlined, into the shallow 
l)it, and then covered it with earth. 
Such are the trials of loyal citizens in 
the border slave-states, and wherever 
IJebellion has been in jiower. 

" The widow now eseajied for refuge 
to this city. And here, to crown her 
sorrows, in the absence of her three old- 
est remaining siuis, a drunken soldier of 
the Fifth Kansas regiment shot her 
daughter Mary, as she was standing in 
the door of her house. Is it any wonder 
that this woman's hair is gray, her fore- 
head full of wrinkles, or that she should 
saj", with tremulous tones, ' I feel that I 
shall not live long. The only thing 
which sustains nie is the love of Christ.' 
Northern peojde know nothing of the 
horrors of war." 



A RoMANX'E OF THE Wai{. — For 
some six weeks past a young girl named 
Maggie Wilson has been missing from 
her home at Brooklyn, N. Y., and all 
attempts to ascertain her whereabouts 
have proven unsuc<'essful. On Thurs- 
day, however, a letter was received from 
a member of Colonid Townsend's New 
York regiment, that the missing girl, 
under the name of Charlie Marshall, 
and dressed in male ajiparel, had enlisted 
in that regiment, and had proceeded 
with it to the scene of the war. She 
was assiduous in the i)erforniance of her 
duties, and remarkable for her quiet re- 
serve and disinelinaticm to participate in 
the carousals of her comjianion';. How 
a discovery of her sex was made is not 
stated, but by the unanimous voice of 
the regiment, she was appointed to the 
otiice of vivandie.re, and dressed in more 
appropriate clothing for a woman. She 
has commenced the i)erformance of her 
new duties. 



1-1 



106 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



No Half-way Loyalists. 

'I'lir nii-niliers of tlii' Meiupliis (Teiiii.) 
Typofiniphical union having iiotitioued 
BrifrM.liiT-general lIovf_v, in oonimaud 
.of the ITnitt'il States forct-.s at that place, 
to relieve them from the necessity of 
takinu; the oath of allegiance to the 
Federal government, as they had always 
remainecl neutral, were no politicians, 
and did not wisli their names mixed up 
in civil strife. General Ilovey denies 
the request, prefacing his denial by the 
following commimication : — 

" You ask me to modify Order No. 1 
so as to relieve the members of your as- 
sociation from taking the oath of alle- 
giance. Now, wliat is the substance of 
that order? JJrietly answereil — it gives 
you tlie right to leave the city witliout 
imiiosiijg any conditions, and take up 
arms against our country if you wish. 
It throws the gauntlet ilov»n and dares 
you to the conflict, or simply requires 
you to swear to support the constitution 
your fathers made. Surely this is no 
iiaril rule in times of war. Let ns for 
one moment contrast it with the course 
adopted l>y the so styled Soutliern Con- 
federacy. Where they have power, 
men who have dared whisper words in 
favor of the Union have by brutal 
(cliivalric?J force been hung — decrepi- 
tude and years could not sliield them. 
Even in sight of this city, an old, graj'- 
haired man of sixty, lone, friendless, 
was hung by a chivalric mob because he 
dared tn adijere to the. government that 
gave hiui l>irth and was the pride of his 
declining years. Aye, even in this city 
(if report "be true), the ball and chain 
in tli<' 'Vigilance connnittee " room was 
used to intimidate tlie fearful, and 
shackle the limbs of freemen who would 
not bow down to tlie Southern idol. 
The barber-sliop, too, is hard by, where 
tliey administered a clean shave to all 
who would not shout for the 'chivalry " 
and iJavis. 

'• Vou didn't do itV Hundreds of 
your 'liigh-toned gentlemen' didn't do 
it':' No — but you stood by, raised not a 
hand to shield the hel|)]ess, and dared 
not even whisjier one kind woi'd to con- 
sole the victims of the mol). This was 
neutrality, <ind this vms ta/,in(i no part ! 
Jjook to Missouri, \'irginia, Maryland, 
and East 'J'ennessee, and tlie robberies 
lierjietrated under tlie color of the t'on- 
federacy's act of contiscalion, and hu- 
manity will shuddei- and blush. No one, 
with my jiermission, shall serve two 
masters. \ou are for us or against us, 
and a manly course is to choose your 
side. Ten secret foes and spies are 
wors(^ than one hundred open enemies. 
If you ask the ]irotection of the broad 
wings of our (dd eagle, you must h(dp 
to feed and support the bird. The day 
of kind words, gdod di'sires, mucli talk, 
and no sincerity has passed. Officers 
will be comiielled lo ])ull oil' their long, 
silken gauntlets and return the saluta- 
tion of pretended friends wilh the stern 
grip of war. 

" Tlie city is now filled with treason 
and traitors, and that officer is surely 
unnaturally kind who will |iermit them 



to remain and hatch their unholy scliemes 
within his camp. 

"No class of men exercise such a vast 
influence over the public mind as the 
craft to which you belong, and you owe 
it to yourselves and posterity to advocate 
and iiid tlie right. The printer, philoso- 
pher, and statesman, Franklin, is your 
pride. He was no neutral. Follow his 
exanijile, sujiport the cause that he sup- 
]]Orted, and uphold the constitution that 
lie labored to construct, and your chil- 
dren and children's children may be 
liroud of _you in future days." 



THE CHARLESTON FIRE' 



Appalling' Conflagration. 



Thousands of Families Desertin"; their Homes. 



BUILDINGS BLOWN UP TO STOP 
THE FIRE ! 

Loss from Five to Seven 
Millions of Dollars! 



APPROPRIATION FOR THE SUFFER- 
ERS, 1!Y THE REBEL, CONGRESS. 



576 Buildings Destroyed 



Fortress Monroe, Dec. 16. Captain 
Millwaril went to Craney island to-day 
with a flag of truce, and. was met by 
Lieutenant Smith oft' the island. No 
passengers came down from Norfolk. 

Norfolk and lliclimond papers give 
full particulars of the extensive con- 
flagration iu Charleston. The flro broke 
out at about 9 o'clock in the evening of 
the 11th, in Russell & Old's sash and 
blind factory at the foot of Hazel street, 
extending to the machine shop of 
Cameron' & Co. Before midniglit the 
fire liad assumed an appalling 'magni- 
tude, and Meeting street, from Market 
to Queen, was one mass of flames. As 
tenement after tenement was enveloped 
in flames, the panic became awful, and 
thousands of families evacuated their 
houses and fllb'd the streets. 
R<'bel Emissaries. 

Capt. Charles Wilkes, in command 
of the San .lacinto, while searching in 
the West Indies for tlie Snmter, received 
information that .James l\l. Mason and 
John Slidell, disloyal citizens and lead- 
ing consjiirators, were with their suite 
to embark from Havana in the Englisli 
steamer Trfnt, on their way to Europe 
to ju-omole th<' cause of the insurgents. 
Cruising in thi' Bahama channel, he 
intercejited the Trent on the Sth of No- 
vemlier, and took from her these lUiiiger- 
ous men, whom lie broughl to theCnited 
States. His vessel having been ordered 



to reflt for service at Charlestowu, the 
prisoners were retained on lioard and 
conveyed to Fort AVarren, where they 
were committed to the custody of 
Colonel Dimmick, in command of that 
fortress. 

The prompt and decisive action of 
Captain Wilkes on this occasion merited 
and received the emphatic approval of 
the department, and if a too generous 
forbearance was exhibited by him iu 
not capturing the vessel, which had 
these Rebel emissaries on tioard, it may, 
in view of tlie special circumstances, and 
of its patriotic motives, be excused ; hut 
it mttst by no means be permitted to consti- 
tute a precedent hereafter for the treatment 
of any case of similar infraction rjf neutral 
obligations by foreign vessels engaged in 
commerce or the carrying trade. 

Rival Maryland Reg:imeiits. 

The sight at Port Royal when the 
First Rebel Maryland regiment siu-- 
rounded tlie First loyal, is said to have 
been perfectly ludicrous. Looking at 
each other a moment in the face, they 
rushed together, hugged each other, 
shook hands, and ran around perfectly 
deliglited, as if five minutes before they 
had not been in deadly enmity shooting 
at each other. Colonel Kenly and his 
regiment are true grit. For five hours 
they kept back tlie whole Rebel column, 
and then surrendered only when sur- 
rounded. 

Another instance of tlieir pluck is 
wortli recording. They were brought 
into Winchester in the evening, when 
the Rebel band was serenading General 
Jackson at the Taylor house. The 
general and his stall' and all the ofticers 
were out on the piazza of the hotel, the 
windows were filled with ladies dressed 
in their best, and the band was playing 
that favorite Secesh tune, •' The Bonnie 
Blue Flag," when the five liundred First 
Maryland prisoners came <lown the 
street. No sooner liad they heard the 
first notes of the Reliel band wlien, as 
with one accord, they all burst out witli 
'• The Star-spangled Banner," and with 
their clear voices sounding loud above 
the squeaking of the miserable baud, 
witli a flrni and regular step they 
marched through the street, singing un- 
dauntedly and drowning in their melody 
the noise of tlie serenade. 

Whether because the strains of the 
old national tune awoke some lingering 
feelings of patriotism, some smothered 
lo\e for the old flag wliieh tliey wouhl 
not willingly banisli, or because they 
admired the men who had the courage 
to sing such a smig under such circum- 
stances, the Relxd^ did not interfere, 
and the men marched singing tlirough 
the whole street. 



The Mississiri'i Flotilla. — An ex- 
tract from a private letter of Commo- 
dore Foote, dated at Cleveland, is pub- 
lished, in which he remarks : — 

"The most ditficult and arduous work 
of my life has lieen the improvising of 
the flotilla which, under God, has been 
so eflicient in repressing rebellion, and 
in protecting loyal interests upon the 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



107 



luagnifioeiit rivers of the West. My 
other acts are more than appreciated — 
this probably never will be. I feel very 
satl at beino; obliged to be here while 
my l:)rave comrades are still on such 
arduous duty, but, I hope to be able soon 
ro rejoin them." 



Impromptu. 

[Suggested by seuiiiK ii Clnistnias box for 
some of our gallant soldiLTs on tlie Potomac.] 
Here comes tlic express! 
Huriali, my boys! 
With a box for Co. A ; 

Now three times three 
For tlie friemis so kind 
Ami the fnn we '11 liavc today. 

^^■itll tingers nimble 

Anil laces glail. 
With licarts beating fast with delight, 

We drew out tile nails. 

And pulled otf the lid, 
Anil all gather'd round for a siglit. 

Here arc one-Iingcr'd mittens 

And blankets so warm. 
And slippers, drawers, books, all so nice. 

And stockings with stripes 

Of red, white, and blue, 
Who knit them, we guessed in a trice. 

Ah, Fannie and husie. 

Ah, Carrie and Nell, 
And Mary, oh, yes, it was she, 

Who put iu the stripes, 

We quickly can tell. 
And sweet Lily's brisk fingers we see. 

And we pause, as comes up 

A bright vision to mind 
Of a dear, sunny liome, faraway, 

Where a circle of loved ones 

Are gather'd to wind 
This briglit wreath of pleasure— but stay ! 

A push at our elbow 

Quite ruilrly suggests 
That 'tis no time' for day-dreams just now, 

For S}ich boxes from home, 

And such hours of rest. 
Are not everyday pleasures, I trow. 

You may dream when off 
Picketing, Harry, my boy. 

Of warm hearts, and dark eyes beaming 
bright. 

But now our hands tremble. 
And hearts tlirill with joy, 

As each treasure comes up to'our sight. 

Here are herrings and pickles, 

Marmahide and sardines, 
Oties, jellies, .and lemons, and honey, 

And a package of cake, 

Our good Auntie put iu, 
1 'd be willing to bet any money. 

And what have we here':* 

Cigars! a choice brand — 
Ah, Charlie, " good fellow," that 's you ; 

And a plug of tobacco — 

Ah, Willie, your liand — 
Vou 're tlie chap to know who 's who. 

Here are nuts, too, and candies. 

From dear Hattie U , 

She remembers our taste for all sweets — 

And here, snugly stow'd 

Underneath this great Jar, 
Are dear, precious letters — full sheets. 

Xow, comrades, join hands — 

Three cheers with a will ! 
To sweet matrons, fair maids, and boys 
true ! 

Who so earnestly labored 

This big box to till 
With home comforts — and luxuries, too. 

With our right hand uplifted 
We earnestly pledge 
That our lives, and the love to us given, 
Are henceforth devoted 
To Liberty's cause — 
Ourwatchword— Our country and Heaven. 
Lowell. K. F. L. 

— [Boston .Journal. 



A Sad Story. 

The following touching reunion we 
extract from a private letter of Lieu- 
tenant-colonel Hawley, datetl 'I'ybee 

island, Dec. . 

I'oor Dolph! Do you know the 
Dolpbs that live near you'? Well, their 
son, who belongs to Co. I), got news 
that his wife, two children, and sister 
had all died of diphtheria. How he 
cried I Poor fellow. We coudbrted 
him all we could. I spoke pleasantly 
to him when we met. ami hojied he was 
getting well. I believe he heard, the 
other day, that his mother was sick, 
too. Somebody came to the snpper- 
table last night and called for the doctor 
to see a crazy man, and soou after a 
man said that Dolph wanted to see me. 
I went to his tent. There were a half 
a dozeu of his comrades there. One 
dim candle, stuck in a bottle, showed 
me the rifles stacked around the centi-r 
pole, the cartiidge boxes, bayonets, and 
knapsacks. The ground was coveri'd 
with the splendid long moss they had 
pulled from the live oaks. Dolph sat 
squat upon the ground, his face and 
hands very dirty, his lingers constantly 
picking some thing, his body moving, 
his head turning wildly from one side 
to the other, his eyes dreadfully swelled 
with weeping. •' Hallo, Dolpli, how 
are you5?" And he peered upward into 
my face. "Colonel Hawley," said 
somebody. " Yes," said he, " that is 
Colonel Hawley," and he took my hand 
with a tight grip. " Colonel Hawley, 
look at my baby — my poor sick baliy." 
He had a little pile of moss, and on it 
lay his cartridge box, carefully covered, 
all but one edge of it, v.ith his blanket. 
This was his baby I And he turned the 
blanket down as tenderly as if the car- 
tridge box were a delicate little baby. 
He spoke sadly, and at intervals, ami 
with a quick but tearful voice: "Poor 
bab_y — both babies sick" — and he 
pointed to where he supposed they lay, 
— "poor baby — very sick. Give baby 
some water." And he leaned on one 
elbow aud alt'ectionately held a leaf up 
to the cartridge box, as if the liaby 
would tlrink. He seemed to consider 
himself in his own home, aud the family 
sick, but living, and then he would say, 
" AVon't let me go home — no, no — 
(waiting a few seconds) no — no — won't 
let me go home" ; — his hand constantly 
fidgeting over some thing. Then lie 
would consider them all dead, and him- 
self standing by their graves. " Sister," 
aud he laid his band down on one side; 
"baby," hands down again to mark 
each grave; "baby — wife — inolhei: 
Oh, yes, mother is dead — won't let me 
go home." I kept his hand ten minutes, 
aud sat down by him, aud put my hand 
on his shoulder, aud tried tocomiiel bim 
to listeu. 1 told him his babies were 
happy and his mother was not dead — (is 
she':') and if be would be a good boy, 
and sleep and get well, he should go 
home. " Mother's home aud says she 
did n't get the money. You did n"t send 
it to her." " Oh, yes, I did, Dolph — 
— here's the receipt of the express 



company. She 's got it now. ^'ou 
told me to send it to my wife, right 
liere at Colonel F — "s, you know. She 
has got it before this time." " \V(dl — 
poor baby" — and he put "trees" over 
their graves, etc., etc., — I had to work 
some time to get him to take some medi- 
cine — an opiate — but it had little cH'ect. 
" I 've built six forts," said he, " and 
mounted six cannon. I 'm going to take 
down that fort to-morrow — that one 
over there — Pulaski, I mean." Four 
men were going to watch with him — 
(the tears came into all our eves, some- 
times, I think,) — and 1 told them to 
move out the rilles and bayonets. He 
caught them at it anil shouted. " I/Ct 
my rifle alone! Give me my rifle." And 
I let him take it, seeing it was not 
loaded, and he went furiously to work 
cleaning it. Finally he passed il to me 
to "insjiect," aud I slipped it away. 

I think it is the nmst atl'ecting case of 
iiisauity I ever s,aw. I couldn't make 
him believe that we would send him 
home, but we shall. I don't Icnow 
whether to have you tell his folks or 
not. The men take as good care of him 
as they can. He has slcjit but an hour 
out of the last tweuty-fonr, and is as 
ceaselessly active as a canary bird liop- 
ping about his cage. He sent for me 
again to-day, but lie could not confine 
his attention to any thing. " Poor baby !" 
is his principal remark, and he still 
tends his cartridge box. " A soldier's 
life is always gay," the song says. A 
sad story, is n't it'? Call again on Dolph's 
mother. Tell lier he will be well treated. 
We hope his insanity is caused partly by 
fever, aud if we can get him (juietly sick 
with that, jierhaps he will come out all 
right. If not. I '11 see that he goes 
straight to the Insane lietreat at Hart- 
ford, and with him money enough to 
keep him awhile. 

It was his comrades and friends wlio 
contributed the .$;i'2 he sent bis mother 
to pay the funeral expenses of his whole 
family. 

The Bloody Flag of Fort Pillo-w — 
Touching Scene at Fort Pickering. 

The Memphis linUetin of last Thurs- 
day gives an account of a striking scene 
at Fort Pickering, below this city, as 
follows : — 

"The widow of ^liijor Booth, late 
coimuander at Fiu't Pillow, and who was 
killed there, having arrived at Fort 
Pickering, Colonel Jackson of the .^ixth 
United States heavy artillery had his 
regiment formed into line for lier recep- 
tion. In front of its center stood four- 
teen men, as fine brave fellows as tread 
the earth. They were the remnant of 
the First battalion of the regiment uow 
drawn up — all who had escaped the 
fiendish scenes of Fort Pillow, scenes 
that have stamped yet deeper blackness 
on the infamous brow of treasou. 

"Jlrs. Booth came forward. In her 
band she bore a fiag, red and clotted 
with liunian blood. She took a position 
in front of the fourteen heroes, so lately 
under her deceased husband's coimnand. 
The ranks before her observed .'i silence 



108 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



tlial was full of sulcuuiity. Many a 
hardy face sliowcil by twitt'liiiij,^ li|is 
and humid eyos liow the sijjht of the 
beivavcd hidytouohed bosoms that could 
meet stoel ahnost unmoved, aud drrw on 
the fountain of tears tliat had remained 
dry even amid the jiiteous sights seen 
on thi' hattle-lield after a fierce action. 
Turninj;' to the men before Iter she said : 
' JSoys, I have just come from a visit to 
the hospital at Mound City. There I 
saw your comrades wounded at the 
bloody struggle in Fort Pillow. There 
I found this flag — you recognize it I 
One of your comrades saved it from the 
insulting touch of traitors. I have 
given ',<) m.y country all I had to give — 
ni_y husband — such a (lift! Yet 1 have 
freely givi'U him for freedom and my 
country. Next to my husband's cold 
remains, the dearest object left me in 
tliis world is this flag — the flag that 
waved in proud defiance over the works 
of Fort Pillow I Soldiers! this flag I 
give to you, knowing that you will ever 
remember the last words of my noble 
hnsbtsnd, ' yever surrender the flarj to 
traitor^.^ 

" ( 'olonel Jackson then received from 
lier iiand, on behalf of his command, 
the Idood-stained flag. He called upon 
tlx' regiment to receive it as such a gift 
ought to be received. At that call he 
and (Very man of the regiment fell uiiou 
their kneVs, and solenmly appealing to 
the (iod f)f battles, each one swore to 
avenge their brave andlalleu comrades, 
and never, nevei to surrender the flag to 
traitors ! 

" Th(! scene was one never surpassed 
in emotional incident. V/ithin the eu- 
elosun? that bristled with the death- 
dealing cannon knelt these rough 
soldiers, whose bosoms were heaving 
with emotion, and on many of whose 
cheeks quivered a tear they tried to 
liide, though it did honor to their 
manly nature. Beside theui stood, in her 
grief, the widow of the otlicer they had 
lost — and above them waved the flag, 
that (do(iuent reconl of crime, whicli 
capped the climax of rebellion, and 
which will bring a reckoning so fearful. 

■'In a few but pointed and incisive 
words ('(doiiel Alexander pledged him- 
s(df and his command to discharge to 
the uttermost the solemn obligation of 
justice they had that day taken. Colonel 
Kappau fidlowed him, expressing him- 
self in favor (;f such retaliatory acts as 
justice and the laws of warfare recjuire 
in a ease of such fiendish and wicked 
cruelty. 

" V. oe to the unlueliV Iteb. who falls 
into !he hands of any of the connuands 
repr(!s<nteil at this solemn declaration! 
'I'hi' di'termination of the ollieeis of 
tlie Sixth Cniled States Heavy Artil- 
lery is inconteslable, their bravery has 
been tried, and they hav<' never been 
found wanting." 



\eyed by (Jflicer Bicknell to 'I'auuton 
jail, where, according to the sentence of 
th(! court, he is to be confined for five 
years. The fine of one thousand dollars, 
which was a part of the penalty of his 
crime, has not been paid, and probably 
will not be. Skinner has no property, 
and his coadjutors in New York have 
now deserted him, or are themselves in 
too much danger to think of the tools 
tlu y have thrown away. 

The Margaret Scott, which by his con- 
viction is forfeited to the [Tnited States, 
will be solil by order of the marshal, 
with all her appurtenances. 



IiMi'KisOMCi>. — Samuel P. Skinner of 
New liedford, who was convieted at the 
recent ti rni of the I'nited States Circnil 
Court of fitting out the shij) Miinjaret 
Scolt as a slaver, was yesterday c<jn- 



Chronology of the War. 

I from Dec. 20, 1S«0, to .Jan. m, ISM.] 

lSi;i). Dec. 20. Secession of South 
( 'arolina. 

Dec. 21. Withdrawal of South Caro- 
lina delegation from Congress. 

Dec. 21). Evacuation of Fort Moultrie 
by Major Anderson. 

Dec. 27. The Palmetto (lag raised in 
Charleston; Forts Pinckney and Moul- 
trie occupied by state troops. 

Dee. 30. Mr. Floyd tenders his resig- 
nation as Secretary of War; President 
Buchanan accepts it. 

Dec. 30. Arsenals in South Carolina 
seized by state troops. 

]8(il. Jan. 1. The frigate Brooklyn 
and another war vessel ordered to 
Charleston. 

Jan. 2. Fort Pulaski, at Savannah, 
taken by order of the Governor of Geor- 
gia. 

Jan. 8. 'I'he President sent back the 
last communication of the South Caro- 
lina commissioners unopened. 

Jan. 4. National Fast; the United 
States arsenal at Mobile taken by the 
local troops. 

Jan. ij. The Star of the ]i'est leaves 
New Y'ork with reinforcements for Fort 
Sumter. 

Jan. 8. ]?esignation of .Secretary 
Thompson ; North Carolina forts seized 
by th(^ state government. 

Jan. 0. The Star of the West, en- 
dcavfiring to enter Charleston hai-bor, 
was fired upon from Morris island and 
p'ort AEoultrie, and compelled to return. 

Jan. 10. Arsenals and forts seized 
by the state government ; secession of 
Mississi])pi ; secession of Floriila. 

Jan. 11. Secession of Alabama; res- 
ignation of Secretary Thomas; appoint- 
ment of General Dix as Secretary of the 
Treasury. 

Jan. 13. I'' nsaeola navy yard seized 
by Secessionists. 

.Ian. 15. Secession meeting in New 
York. 

Jan. 17. Mr. Holt nominated Secre- 
tary of War. 

Jan. 10. Secession of Georgia. 

Jan. 21. Withdrawal of the Alabama, 
Mississii)pi,and Florida delegations from 
Washinglori. 

.Jan. 22. Arms destined for Alabama 
seized in New York. 

Jan. 2."). Kx-Secretary Floyd present- 
ed by the grand jury for malfeasance in 
ottice; .secession of Louisiana. 



.J.an. 28. Withdrawal of the Georgia 
delegation from Congress ; the Legisla- 
ture of South (/arolina resolve to de- 
mand the surrender of Fort Sujnter. 

Feb. 1. Warlike preparations at 
(Charleston ; secession of Texas. 

Fell. 2. The cutter Lewis Cass sur- 
rendered to tlie state of Alabama. 

Feb. i. Asseiidjling of the Peace 
convention at Washington ; organization 
of the Southern convention at Montgom- 
ery. 

Feb. n. AYithdrawal of the Louisiana 
delegation from Congress. 

Feb, 9. Jeft'erson Davis, of Missis- 
sippi, elected President, and A. II. 
Stephens, of Georgia, Vice-President of 
the Southern Confederacy, by a unani- 
mous vote ; Arkansas arsenals seized by 
the state government. 

Feb. 11. Mr. Lincoln, President-elect. 
leaves Springfield, 111., for Washington. 

Feb. 18. inauguration of the Presi- 
dent of the Confederate States at Mont- 
gomery ; defeat of Secession in Missouri. 

Fel). 2.'!. The President-elect passes 
through Baltimore secretly, and arrives 
in Washington. 

Feb. 2.5. Information received of the 
treason of General Twiggs, in Texas, of 
the surrender of forts in Texas to the 
state government, and also of a large 
body of United States troops. 

March 2. Revenue cutter Dodge seized 
by th(> Texan authorities. 

March 4. Inauguration of President 
Lincoln. 

March IG. Adjournment of the South- 
ern Congress. 

March 20. .Secession of Arkansas. 

March 21. A vessel with supplies for 
the United States fleet seized by Kebtds 
oft" Pensacola. 

A)iril 3. Great preparations com- 
menced in the Northern navy yards. 

April .j. Preparations of Beauregard 
to bombard Fort Sumter. 

April 9. Jeft'erson Davis makes a 
rcfiuisitiou for troops. 

A))ril 11. Demand made by Beaure- 
gard for the unconditional surrender of 
Fort Sumter. 

April 12. The Charleston batteries 
ojien on Sumter. 

April 13. Surrender of Sumter. 

Ajiril I.T. The President issues his 
liroclamation for 7.5,000 volunteers. 

Ajiril 10. The Confederate govcrn- 
menl call for 32,000 more troo])s; Fort 
Pickens reinforced by Colonel Brown's 
command. 

April 17. Governor Letcher of Vir- 
ginia issues a proclamation hostile to the 
national government. 

April 18. Arrival in New York of the 
Massachusetts Sixth regiment en route 
to Washington; fears begin to prevail 
for tlie safety of the capital. 

April 19. "The Massachusetts Sixth 
reginieut attacked in Baltimore by a mob, 
and several of its members killed; the 
Seventh New York regiment leave for 
Washington. 

April 20. Immense Union demonstra- 
tion in New Y'ork; burning of the (iios- 
jiort navy yard, including three ships of 
the line, three frigates, two sloops, and 
a brig, mounting over 400 guns. 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



109 



April 25. Virginia joins the (onfod- 
erate States. 

April 27. Tweuty-oue thousand na- 
tional troops in Washington. 

Slay ;^. President issues a proclama- 
tion, calling for more troops to serve for 
three years, and directing the increase of 
the regular army and the enlistment of 
additional seamen. 

May lei. Uesumption of the inter- 
rupted connuunication with Washington 
via Baltimore; Baltimoi-e occupied by 
Federal troops; Anti-seeessiou conven- 
tion in western Virginia. 

May 17. Union triumph in Kentucky ; 
Confederate Congress anthorize the is- 
sue of $50,000,000 in bonds, payable in 
twenty years. 

May 21. Seizure of telegrams by the 
government. 

May 22. The seat of the Rebel gov- 
ernment transferred to Richmond. 

'SiAy 24. Advance of the Union arnij' 
into Virginia ; assassination of Colonel 
Ellsworth. 

May 27. Occupation of Newport Xews 
by General Butler. 

May 2S. Banks and Fremont appoint- 
ed major-generals. 

May ;J1. Cavalry skirmish at Fairfax 
Court House. 

-June 2, Union victory at .Phillippa, 
western Virginia. 

J\ine 3. Beauregard arrives at Manas- 
sas .function and takes command of the 
Confederate army; Border state conven- 
tion meet at Frankfort, Kentucky. 

June 10. Affair at Big Bethel". 

.Tune 11. Skirmish at Roraney, west- 
ern Virginia. 

.June 13. Evacuation of Harper's Fer- 
ry by the Rebels. 

.June 17. Successful engagement with 
the Rebels at Booneville, iMo. 

.Tune 2S. Arrest of Marshal Kane in 
Baltimore. 

.July 1. Arrest of the Baltimore board 
of jiolice commissioners. 

July 2. Successful engagement of 
General Patterson's column, near Mar- 
tiusburg. 

July 5. Successful engagement at 
Brier For!<s, Mo., between the troops 
under Sigel, and the Rebels under Gov- 
ernor Jackson and Rains. 

.Inly 11. Defeat of Pegram by Mc- 
Clellan at Rich Mountain, Va. Siu-ren- 
der of the entire Rebel force. 

.Tuly 13. Engagement at Carrick's 
Ford. Defeat and death of the Rebel 
General Garnett. 

.Jul}' 10. Advance of the army of tlie 
I'otomac. 

July 21 . Battle of Bull Run. 

July 25. Arrival of General McClel- 
lan in Washington, to take command of 
the army of the Potomac. Governor 
Morgan, "of New York, calls for 25,000 
more troops from that state. 

July 28. The command under General 
Banks, at Harper's Ferry, is w ithdrawn 
to the Maryland side of the Potomac. 

Aug. 7. Hampton burnt by Rebels. 

Aug. 10. Battle at Wilson's creek, 
near Springfield. General Lvon killed. 

Aug. 12. Arrest of Hon. C. J. Faulk- 
ner, late JTnited States Minister to 
France. 



Aug. l(i. Proclamation of the Presi- 
dent, declaring the states of ^'irginia, 
North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkan- 
sas in insurrection. 

Aug. 24. The transmission of Seces- 
sion journals through the mails prohib- 
ited. 

Aug. 26. Skirmish at Sunnnersville. 

Aug. 28. Capture of the Hatteras in- 
let forts by the expedition under Com- 
modore Stringham and General Butler. 

Aug. 30. General Fremont issues a 
proclamation, confiscating the slaves of 
Rebels. 

Sept. 6. General Grant, with natioual 
troops, takes possession of Paducah, 

Ky- 

Sept. 10. Defeat of Floyd near Gauley 
river. 

Sept. 11. The Kentu<'k_v legislature 
pass a resolution, ordering the Rebel 
troops to leave the state. 

Sept. 10. Wholesale arrest of mem- 
bers of the Maryland regiment. 

Sejit. 20. Surrender of Colonel Mulli- 
gan at Lexington. 

Sept. 25. Occupation of Itonniev, 
western Virginia, by national troops. 

Sept. 28. Occupation of Munson's hill 
by national troops. 

Oct. 5. Unsuccessful effort of liebels 
to retake the Hatteras inlet forts. 

Oct. 7. General Fremont and his 
army leave Jefferson City in pursuit of 
Price. 

Oct. 8. Attack of Rebels on Santa 
Rosa island, and repulse by regulars and 
Wilson's zouaves. 

Oct. 11. Naval collision between 
Rebel gun-boats and national vessels at 
the head of the Mississippi passes. Un- 
successful attempt of the steam-ram 
Turtle to sink one of the national ships. 

Oct. 10. Successful skirmish near 
Harper's Ferry. Capture of a Rel)el 
cannon by troops under Colonel Gearv. 

Oct. 20; Partial blockade of Potou'iac 
by J!el)cl batteries. 

Oct. 21. Part of General Stone's di- 
vision cross the Potomac at Ball's Blull", 
and after severe fighting are driven 
back, with great loss, b}' the ene- 
my. On this occasion General Baker 
fell. 

— Engagement near Frederickstown, 
Mo., anil defeat of Rebels under Jeff. 
Thompson. 

Oct. 25. Gallant charge of the Fre- 
mont Guard, under Major Zagouyi, 
against a superior body of Rebels at 
Springfield. 

Oct. 20. Brilliant success of national 
troops under General Kelley ;it Rom- 
uey. 

Oct. 31. Retirement of General Scott. 

Nov. 1. General McClellan appointed 
connnander-in-ehief. 

Nov. 2. Removal of General Frfimont 
from command in the West. 

Nov. 7. Engagement at Belmont, 
Mo. Bombardment and capture of the 
forts at Port Royal entrance by United 
States squadron. 

Nov. 8. Capture of the Rebel com- 
missioners, Slidell and Mason, on the 
British mail-steamer Trent, by the United 
States war-sloop San Jacinto. 

Nov. 20. Disbanding of Rebel troops 



in Accomac and Northampton counties, 
\'a. Return of the population to their 
allegiance. 

Nov. 23. Bombardment of the Hebel 
batteries by Fort Pickens and the sliips- 
of-war Niayara and liichmnml. 

Dee. 4. Occupation of Ship island by 
national troops. 

Dec. (i. Occupation of Beaufort, S. C, 
by the national troops. 

Dec. 11. Great fire in Charleston — 
loss estimated at .$7,000,000. 

Dec. 12. Occupati(ni of Tylice island 
by national troops. 

Dec. 13. Engagement at Alleghany 
camp, Pocahontas county, Va. 

Dec. 10. Threatened war l)el ween the 
United States and Great Britain. 

Dec. 18. I^arge bodies of Rebels dis- 
persed b}' General Pope in Missouri — 
capture of a Rebel camp with 1300 
prisoners. Gallant affair at Drainsville 
— retreat of the enemy. 

Dec. 20. Sixteen old whalers sunk by 
the national forces at the nu)uth of 
Charleston harbor. 

Dec. 22. Skirmish near Fortress Mon- 
roe. 

Dec. 25. Retreat of the Itebel (ieneral 
Prici' to Arkansas. 

Dei'. 28. Adjustment of the Mason- 
Slidell difficulty. 

Dec. 30. Delivery of the Rebel com- 
missioners. Mason and Slidell, to the 
British. 

1802. Jan. 1. Mason and Slidell re- 
leased from Fort Warren. 

Jan. 4. Arrival at Baltimore of Fed- 
eral prisoners released from Richmond. 
Rebels driven from Huntersville. 

Jan. 0. Disbanding of Humphrey 
Marshall's forces in Kentucky. 

.Jan. U. Dejiarture of Burnside's ex- 
pedition. 

Jan. 13. Resignation of Secretary 
Cameron; Edwin M. Stanton appointed 
his successor. 

Jan. 17. Arrival of 150 released pris- 
oners at Fortress Monroe. 

Jan. 19. Battle at Somerset (Mill 
Spring), victory of the Federal troops, 
and death of ZoUicofter. 



Dkiven FK05I New Orleans. — On 
Saturday evening Benjamin Martin, 
with his wife and two young children, 
arrived here after a tedious journey from 
New Orleans, whence they liad been 
ilriven by a Vigilance committee. Mr. 
Martin states that he has lived there three 
or four years, and has been engaged in the 
boot and shoe business. A few days 
ago a discussion arose at his boarding- 
house about the comparative valor of 
Missourians and Kansas men, and he ex- 
pressed the opinion tliat the latter were 
the best in a fight, as was indeed pretty 
^^ell proved in the border wars. Soon 
after he was visited by the Vigilance 
committee, and was warned to leave the 
city in ten minutes. He was obliged to 
come away. The next day his w ife and 
children left and joined him. Of course 
he had to leave his property. We be- 
lieve Mr. Martin was originally from 
Boston. — [Providence .Journal. 



110 



INCIDENTS OF Til It CIVIL WAR. 



Pay of Troops. 

A table of salaries attacliert to thi' ilif- 
ferent ccnidcs in the aniiy is going the 
roiiiiils, wliich is likely to misleail the 
reader. It is stated that tlie pay of a 
eolouel is ,'3>218 per month, and that (jf a 
private .$"20, tlie intermediate grades 
being in proportion. The above sums 
include, besides the regular pay, the al- 
lowance for rations (when commuted), 
horses, servants, etc., which ought not to 
be reckoned as jiay. 'The actual stipend 
per month of the officers anil men, in 
the difterent branches of the service, is 
as follows : — 

Mouuted Draprooiis, Cavalry, Kifleinen, and 
Light Artillery. 

Colonel Slio on 

Lieutenant-colonel it.'i (10 

Major S(i (in 

Captain 70 (lO 

First Lienten;nit ."!:!:« 

Second Lieutenant (lirevet tlie same). .'):! :i;j 
Ailjut.ant anO I{ej<inient l^uivtennaster, 

"besides pav of Lieutenant 10 (»u 

Sergeant Major l\ 00 

t^uartermaster Sergeant -il no 

Cliief Bugler i\ 00 

First Sergeant io oo 

Sergeant. 17 00 

Corporal 14 oo 

Bugler i:', 00 

Fan'ierand Blaek.smitli 1.100 

Private I'i 00 

Artillery ant! Infantry. 

Colonel $95 00 

Lieutenant-colonel 80 00 

Major 70 00 

Captain (iO 00 

First Lieutenant .OO no 

Second Lieutenant (Brevet the same).. 45 00 
Adjutant antl Keginient t^uartermaster, 

besides pay of Lieutenant 10 00 

Sergeant Major 'Jl oo 

(Quartermaster S(a*geant '1\ 00 

Principal Musician 'il 00 

First Sergeant 'JO oo 

Sergeant 17 o(( 

(Irilnanee Sergeant -J-i (H) 

Corporal i;! 0(i 

Artificer of Artillery 15 oo 

Musician .' I-.' 00 

Private 12 00 

The money value of a ration is thirty 
cents. Privates are entitled to one ra- 
tion per day, and the ofliccrs from one 
to six per day, according to rank. 

The fidlowing from the arm}' regula- 
tions is interesting in this connection: — 

" The connnissioned ollicers are obliged 
to clotlu', ei|uip, and arm themselves 
(with a sword) at their own expense, 
the pay received l)y them being iidcndcd 
to cover all outlays. It is a matter of 
|)ersonal choice with the (dficer wlielber 
to carry any arms (i)istols, etc.) beyond 
the regulation sword. 

"When it is necessary to emjiloy the 
army at work on fortiiicalions, in sur- 
veys, in cutting roails, and otlier con- 
stant labor of not less than ten days, 
tli<' non-commissioned officers anil sol- 
diers so employed arc em-(dlcd as extra 
didy men. and are allowed twenty-live 
cents a day when employed as laborers 
and teamsters, and forty cents a day 
when employed as mechanics, at all sta- 
tions east of till' Hocky mountains; and 
thirty-five and fifty cents 'jicr day, re- 
sjiectividy, at all stations west of those 
mountains. 

" Kidisted men of the Ordnance and 
Kngineer dejiartments, and arliticers of 
tirtillcry, are not ciditlcd to this allow- 



ance when i-miiloyctl in their appropriate 
work. 

"A day's work shall not exceed ten 
hours in summer, ami eight in winter. 
Soldiers .arc jiaid in proportion for any 
greater number of hours they are ein- 
ploj'ed each day. Sunmier is sup])Osed 
to commence on the 1st of April, and 
winter on the 1st of October. 

" The ration is ij of a potnul of pork 
or bacon, or Li pounds of fresh or salt 
beef ; 18 ounces of bread or flour, or 12 
ounces of hard bread, or l.j pounds of 
corn meal ; and at the rate, to 100 ra- 
tions, of 8 quarts of jieas or beans, or in 
lieu thereof, of 10 pounds of rice; 
|iounds of cofiee ; 12 pounds of sugar; 
1 quarts of vinegar; \h pounds of tal- 
low, or 1 1 pounds of adamantine, or 1 
l)ound of sperm candles; 4 pounds of 
soap, and 2 quarts of salt. 

•' On a campaign, or on marches, or 
on board of transports, the ration of 
hard bread (sea-biscuit) is one pound. 
Siddicrs are expected to preserve, dis- 
triliute, and cook their own subsistence. 
All enlisted men are entitled to one ra- 
tion a day. 

"No provision is made for the pay of 
chajilains. If they are sent with the 
regiments from this state, the State Mil- 
itary commission will have to fix their 
rate of compensation and make provision 
tor their ]iayment by the state. The 
gi'ucral gov<'rmuent recognizes no such 
iifiicers except under the following reg- 
ulations : — 

" The posts at which chaplains may 
be employed will be announced by the 
War department. 

•'The council of administration of the 
post will re|iort to the adjutant-general, 
for the a|iproval of the Secretary of 
War, the rate of pay allowetl the person 
they select to officiate as chaplain, and 
perform the duties of schoolmaster; the 
decision of the secretary will be notified 
to tlie coimuaiuling ofliccr of the jiost by 
tb<' adjutant-general. 

" Whenever the garrison is withdrawn 
from any post at which a chaplain is au- 
thorized to be employed, his pay and 
emoluments shall cease on the last day 
of the month next ensuing after the 
withdrawal of the troops. The pay- 
master-general will be duly informed 
from the adjutant-generars ofiice when- 
ever the aiipointment and pay of the 
|iost-chai)lain will cease under this reg- 
idation." 



In onk of the towns in the southern 
jiart of Virginia, as a regiment of Kcbid 
volunteers were about leaving for the 
seat of war, a neighboring jiarson in ad- 
dressing the Itebels on their duties as 
siddicrs, I'tc, told them that " b.-iving 
put their hands to the plough, lliat they 
must never look back. Keinembei-,'" 
said he, "the fate of Lot's wife, who 
for looking back was turned into .-i jiillar 
of salt." At this juncture a bold " .Se- 
ccsh," who did not exactly see the ap- 
Jilication, and had just been luxuriating 
on a piece of fresh calf without season- 
ing, suddcidy started up, threw his cap 
in the air, and sung out lustily : " Iloo- 
rav for salt — btdiv for Lot's wife I " 



The following characteristic song tells 
its own story in its title. At the writer's 
request, we have taken a few verbal lib- 
erties with it, but have liceu careful 
when it was ])racticable to retain the 
racy flavor of the original production. 

The Koxbury Volunteers. 

Dedieatecl to Co. E., Twenty-second regi- 
ment, Massachusetts Volunteers. Composed 
liy .louN Li;.\ii\ , of Worcester, a smart young 
hid. aged l.'i >ears, now serving his time with 
Cajitain Cogsw ell, as a servant. 

'Tis outamiil Camp Wilson, 'tis there I ait 

me down. 
Tile soldiers anil the ladies are ranged all 

around ; 
The fiddle and tlie banjo, and every thing 

ajipears, 
To glad the lieart and please the eye of the 

Ko.xbury \oluntccrs. 

When we wei'c out in LyniiJieId,we liad every 

thing so nice, 
With iiam and eggs and good sweet bread, 

and puddings made of rice. 
For Captain Tnels he cooked the grub so well 

that it drew teai's 
Of envy from t!ie gazers at the Roxbnry 

Volunteers. 

Wlien wi- got to Phihuleipllia, the ladies used 

us well : 
Hot eoll'eeand hot )>iscuits, — on them we love 

to dwell; 
And when we were departing, the same 

ladies gave us ciieers. 
Saying, " 1 hope tlie Lord will ever bless the 

Roxbury \'olunteers." 

.Vnil when we got to Baltimore the boys they 

made one rush, 
A thinking every minute they were going to 

have a muss ; 
But they saw so many pretty girls it soon 

exiielletl their fears, 
\Vhile the ladies waved the Stars and Stripes 

to the Riixbury Volunteers. 

From Baltimore to Washington, — it's there 
we pitciied our camp ; 

The boys were tired and hungi-y, and foot- 
sore from their tramp- 

We had nu i-ations furnished us, and there- 
tore had some fears — 

We tllought we all would starve to death, 
poor Hoxbury Volunteers. 

Next we were mai-ehed to Hall's Hill, Hve 

hundred miles from home; 
Wi' had nothing given us to eat but one 

cracker and one bone. 
We gnawed at tlie old cracker — it had been 

flaked for >'ears — 
Till Cajitain i'uek brought meat to eat for 

the lioxbury X'olunteers. 

Then we marched down to Martindale's to 

form in our brigade; 
The general ho inspected us wdiile we were 

on parade, 
.And all he saw did please him, and the boys 

tliey gave him cheers; 
He sai'd, "There's none in my brigade like 

the Roxbury Volunteers." 

It "snow we have good camping ground, and 

get good rations too; 
And o'er our head tloats the Stars and 

Stripes, anil to them we'll prove true. 
Our boys they have good courage, anil the 

enemy he' fears, 
.And swears by liarn he will not fight the 

Roxbury \'oluuteers. 



A Notable Regiment. 

After the Thirteenth regiment of Mas- 
sachusetts had arrived at the Park l)ar- 
racks on Tuesday, antl before the com- 
mand to bre:ik ranks hail been given, 
several gentlemen, who have witnessed 
the evil ctlccts produced on some of the 
regiments llial ha\e arrived here, by 
permitting the members of them to sep- 



INCIDENTS OF THIL CIVIL WAR. 



Ill 



arate diiriug the interiui of their stay, 
suggested to Colonel Leonard, -nho was 
in command of the Thirteenth, that he 
had better eause a guard to lie posted to 
prevent his men from leaving the ground, 
lest they might indulge to excess. Colo- 
nel Leonard, however, i)ereraptorily de- 
clined to comply with the suggestion, 
and said : — 

" I will let my men go where they 
please. Not one of them will be miss- 
ing from his place at roll-call. Xot one 
of my men will get drunk — no, not 
one." 

Shortl}- after the ranks were broken, 
and for four hours the men wandered 
about town at will; and yet, notwith- 
standing that they had marched over a 
long route, in the very heat of mid-day, 
after being under arms for several hours, 
and the temiitatiou to indidgence, 
whether of their own volition, or at the 
invitation of good-natured citizens who 
liked the boys, was very great, still 
every member of the regiment was in 
his j)lace at the hourtixeri tor departure, 
and their strong, clear voices ringing 
out the music of their song of Ijattle, 
and their tirm and steady step as they 
marched down Broadway '' South to 
Dixie," evidenced that the confidence re- 
posed in them by Colonel Leonard was 
not misplaced, but was in the highest 
degree deserved. 

It is pleasant to write of a colonel who 
has acquired such an inthience over his 
men, and it is doubly pleasant to look 
upon men who so readily and willingly 
second the eftbrts of their commander, 
made to promote their best interests, for 
we see in them men upon whom the 
country can safely rely in its great 
emergency. Colonel Leonard is assisted 
by an efficient and able l)ody of officers, 
and under such efficient leaders the 
Thirteenth will give a good account of 
itself. 

As apropos to this subject, let us say 
that Massachusetts men everywhere are 
Incurring a large debt of gratitude to 
Frank Howe, Jr., tor his untiring and 
persistent eflbrts, frequently involving 
whole days and nights of labor, to se- 
cure and increase every necessary com- 
fort and refreshment tor our Massachu- 
setts troops during their stay in New 
York. — [New York Tribune. 



and the company have behaved nobly in 
sending a donation of fifty dollars to the 
bereaved mother, and voting to contin- 
ue to her his pay while they remain in 
the service. The body was brought to 
the city by Quartermaster ('owle, and 
placed in an elegant coffin to l)e for- 
warded to Brookline by Adams' express. 



The melancholy shooting of young- 
Herbert S. Barlow, of the National 
Guard, First Massachusetts regiment, 
has cast a gloom over the whole regi- 
ment. Corporal Swallow was examin- 
ing his piece and found a cap upon it, 
soraebod}' having loaded it without his 
knowledge. It sliould not have been 
loaded — Corporal Swallow supposed it 
was not loaded, but he lifted the ham- 
mer to remove the cap, and some one be- 
hind happened to hit his arm in such a 
manner that the hammer came down, 
the gun was fired, and the liall entered 
the breast of young Barlow, standing 
three rods distant, killing him instantly. 
He was the only sou of his mother, and 
she was a widow. Many tears were 
shed at the funeral services in the camp. 



The Occupation of Bird's Point. 

A correspondent who dates his letter 
from Camp Hooker, at Budd's Ferry, on 
the Lower Potomac, on the ]'2th instant, 
says that the batteries at Bird's Point 
were evacuated by the Rel)els on the 
previous Sunday, and occupied by the 
First Massachusetts regiment on the fol- 
lowing day. He says, referring to the 
appearance of the place : — 

"What a sight: Everything left as 
if a plague had carried ofi' tlie occu- 
pants. Guns standing, all loaded just 
as they were left; the tents intact; the 
tables spread h>x thi- meal there was no 
time to eat — every thing looked as if the 
evacuators had been completely panic- 
stricken. Shot and shell to the value of 
f3!.'iOO,OUO, besides ten heavy guns, all of 
which have been destroyed but two — 
one, a r25-i)Ound rifled English gun, 
made in 18.58, at the Low Moor works, 
which will be taken to Washiugtou. 

'' Tlie mortality among Confederates 
has been truly awful. We noted no few- 
er than 150 U> 200 graves ; and from the 
surgeon's report we found that the prev- 
alent causes of death were measles, and 
chills and fever. 

'• We a re all on the tiptoe of expectation 
that a demand will be immediately made 
for our more active service; and you 
may inform all the friends of the Massa- 
chusetts First that the boys are ready 
for whatever duty men have done or can 
do." 



General Butler's Passage to Ship 
Island. 

A correspondent of the Portland 
Transcript^ who was on board the Mis- 
sissippi on her passage from Fortress 
Monroe to Hilton Head, writes a letter 
descriptive of what occurred after Gen- 
eral Butler came on board. AVe do not 
remember to have seen any description 
of the scene so full, and apparently so 
correct, and presume all our readers will 
be interested iu the details given. The 
writer dates from Seabrook's I^anding, 
Hilton Head Landing. We quote as 
follows : 

Tuesday, February 2r)th, while the 
Mississippi was lying iu Hampton Koads, 
General Butler and staff came on board, 
and after watering up and taking on 
board a large amount of shot and shell, 
and Cieneral Butler's lady and maid, we 
went to sea again. Had pleasant weath- 
er till Wednesday noon, when the wind 
came out ahead and began to blow from 
the south-east. Passed Hatteras at noon 
and made for the Inlet, with the in- 
tention of calling for Brigadier-general 
Williams; night found us near the 
shore — the wind blowing a gale, and 
the sea too rough to go in. When the 



ship was headed off shore, the sea was 
very high, the wind kei)t hauling to the 
east, and as we were heading for the 
south-east, we were S(jon on a lee shore. 

The ship was then headed on the other 
tack, but such was the power of the 
winds and waves that it was not until 
we were within half a mile of the break- 
ers, that the shi|> b<'gan to "crawl off" 
on the other tack. The i)ower of the 
proi>eller was tested to its utmost, the 
ship laboring heavily, the sea pouring 
in over her bows, and the decks flooded 
with water, which soon began to find its 
way down the hatches, and round llie 
engine and masts, and soon there was 
some two or three feet of water under 
the boilers ; men were formed in line, 
and buckets ]):issed through between 
the decks to the cabin, and u]) the cabin 
stairs to the saloon on deck, and the 
water thrown out of the windows on the 
lee side. For some time no gain was 
made on the water, but when the hatch- 
ways were secured, ports fastened, ami 
skylights made tight. th<' water began 
to lessen, the slii]) rolled and pitched her 
bows under almost all night . Some " old 
salts " who were on lioard say that at 
one time they were fearful the ship 
would not live through it long enough 
for us to gain an offing. Your corre- 
spondent stood at the saloon window 
passing the buckets from 'A o'clock till 
daylight, and he will never forget the 
feeling of relief that came over us all, 
when a bucket was jiassed iu from the 
window with the remark that it was half 
full of sand, for we knew then that we 
had control of the water, and that there 
could not be much water under the 
boilers, else the buckets would not dip 
up the sand. 

The officers and men who were not 
seasick behaved nobly — not a word 
was said to cause needless alarm. Dur- 
ing the whole night the voice of Colonel 
Dow coidd be heard clear and calm, en- 
couraging the men by wonl ami deed, 
and it is not saying too nuich to say that 
the safety of the shij), and the lives of 
the fifteen hundred and fifty men on 
board of her, were the result of the la- 
bors of the sailors among the soldiers of 
the Thirteenth Maine. l)aylight found 
us well oil' the laud, in the Gulf Stream, 
with the ship's head to the wind, 
north-east, with a tremendous sea run- 
ning in. During the forenoon the wind 
and sea went down, and the ship was 
again headed south-west. At night, clear 
and pleasant. Friday again was a clear, 
bright day — at 7 o'clock laud was seen, 
and soon after a light-house, and at !) 
o'clock of this l)eautitul, clear, calm 
day, with the coast ami light in full 
view from the deck, the staunch, costly 
steam-ship Mississippi, with a valuable 
cargo of government stores and mu- 
nitions of war, and the precious freight 
of some seventy commissioned officers 
and fifteen hundred men, was run ashore 
on Frying-pan shoals, off Cape Fear, on 
the coast of North Candina. 

Perhaps it does not become me to pass 
judgment on the conduct of the captain 
at this time. 1 will only meution one 
fact, and leave V(ui to form your own 



112 



I XCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



opinion. With the whip only just mov- 
ing in tlio sand, :mil tliunipingat every 
swell of the sea (whieli fortunately was 
very ealni) the order was fiiven to 
"clear away and let go the anchor"; 
the result was that the ship was foived 
on to tlie anchor, and one fluke went 
through the ship's bottom, holiling her 
hard and fast. The .ship's small boats 
were now lowered, when it was found 
that there were not oars enough tf) man 
all the boats. Soundings were made in 
every direction from the shi]). and it 
was "found that twice the ship's length 
to the soutli-east, would have cleared 
the shiji, as we were near the ])assage 
between the two shoals. Shot and shell 
and heavy articles were got up from the 
hold and "carried aft, to he in re.-uliness 
to be throv.ii overboard when the tide 
rose. As we struck when the tid<' was 
one-fjuarlcr el)b, of course we could not 
get oft' until the tide made again. About 
11 o'clock a steamer was made out in 
the direction of Cape Fear light-house, 
heading for us, and for some time it was 
quite an important item to know what 
colors the steamer carried. She might 
be a Rebel steamer, coming out from 
under the guns of Fort Caswell, f(U' all 
that we knew to the contrary. Accord- 
ingly General Butler had the big gun 
got "ready (the ship carries a large 
Sawyer rifled cannon, which w ill make 
its niark at four miles). The men were 
ordered below, all but one comiiany, 
and they supplied with their guns and 
ball cartridges, and exti'usive prepa- 
rations maile for a tight. When the shij) 
first struck, the colors were hoisted at 
the mast-head, \mion down, but they 
were soon taken down. General Butler 
now ordered the Stars and Strii)es to be 
hoisted at the miz/en peak, and the 
question was asked him if it should be 
hoisted "union down"? "No," he re- 
l)lied, " Union np and Union forever. 
No liebel takes this ship I " 

The steamer, .after showing her flag 
and signals, came down to within a mile 
of us and came to anchor, a boat with 
Major Strong was sent to the steamer 
and returiK'd with one from her, with 
Sailing-master Sturgiss on board. She 
was the Mount T'coioH gun-boat, formerly 
of the New York and I'ortlaud line — 
an old acquaintance. After sounding 
the way, the Mount Vernon hoistcil 
anchor and came down to us — a line 
was mMd(^ fast to her, and a hawser 
carried on l)oard, and an effort made to 
haul her bows round, but all in vain — 
and at 4 o'clock the oriler was given to 
disembark the nwn in small boats and 
l)Ut them on board the gun-boat. Six 
boats only coulil be used, holding from 
eight to ten men each, and it was a slow 
.-ind laborious ))rocess, so that at dark 
only some two hundred and fifty men 
ha<l been imt on board of her. (ieneral 
Butler's lady and our Chaplain Moor<' 
were sent (Ui hoard bi'foredark. As the 
tide made, steam was got up, and they 
eonnui-uccd throwing overboard some of 
the cargo. Men were stationed on lh<' 
two bows and chains to sound. The 
ship began to loll and thum)) again, 
striking sometimes so hai'd that we wei-e 



fearful the topmasts would break off 
and come down upon us. At length, a 
few minutes before 7 o'clock, we felt 
the ship move, and now the excitement 
was intense, as the men began to give 
the soundings ".-J less 3," then ".'i," 
"Hi," and when " by the mark 4'' was 
given, the whole ship's company were 
taii'ly beside themselves ; cheer after 
I'heer was given, and we slowly worked 
our way up to the Mentnt Vernon and 
])assed into deep v.ater oft' the shoals, 
where we stopjied and ]iicked u]) our 
boats, anil let the Nonnt I'ernon go 
ahead. We followed her late at night 
to an anchorage at the entrance of Cape 
Fear river, oulv some four miles from 
the KeJjel Fort Caswell. 

The bow compartment of the steamer 
was full of water over the hatches. A 
large gang of hands were set to work, 
pulnl^ing and bailing, but not one inch 
ciudd be gained on the water; in the 
nioiinng the men were taken on board 
again, and \\ <• started for Port Royal — 
had a smooth sea all the way and arrived 
there on Sunday afternoon. Monday 
morning went up the bay some six miles 
to this ])lace. The trooi)S ilisembarked 
and jiitched tents. I'art of the cargo 
was discharged, and the leak was got at, 
and after two or three failures they said 
that she was safe to go on •«ith the 
cargo and men. 

On the Ktli of ^lareh, according to this 
writer, after the Mississippi had been re- 
jiaired, she started at high water, but 
got ashore in the mud, and could not l)e 
moved until high water again. The 
next night, in again starting tlie steamer 
liarted one of her rudder chains, and 
liaving no steering gear, she again run 
into the mud. The sailors called her a 
" Friday ship." The end was that 
Captain Fulton, of the Mississippi, was 
put under arrest and carried to Ship 
island a jirisoner. What the result of 
this arrest was we have not seen 
stated. 



Little Eddie, the Drummer. 

A corn-sponilent of the Chicago Tri- 
bune, writing from Benton bai'racks, St. 
Louis, gives a very touching story of a 
druuuiicr-boy. 

A few days befm-e our reginuMit r<'- 
ceived (U'ders to join (ieneral Ly<ui, on 
his march to A\'ilson's creek, the drmu- 
mer of our company was taken sick and 
conveyed to the hospital, and on the 
evening ])receding the day that we were 
to march, a \<'gro was arrested within 
the canq), and lirought before the I'ap- 
tain, who askeii him : — 

" What liusiness have you wit bin the 
liues'i'" 

He reiilied, " I know a drunnner thai 
would like to enlist in your com|iany, 
au<l I h.ave come to t(dl yon of it." lie 
was iuniiediatidy requested to inf(U-m 
the drummer tliat, if he wotdd eidist for 
our short term of service, he would be 
allowed extra p.'iy, and to do this he 
must be ujion the ground early in the 
morning. The Negro was then passed 
beyond the guanl. 

On the tolliiwing morning there ap- 



jieared before the captain's quarters, 
during the beating of the reveille, a 
good-looking, middle-aged wonian, dress- 
ed in deep mourning, leading by the 
hand a sharj), sprightly-looking boy, ap- 
jiarently about twelve or thirteen years 
(dd. Her stoiy was soon told. She was 
from East Tennessee, where her hus- 
band had been killed by tlie Rebels, and 
all their jiroperty destroyed. She had 
come to St. Louis in search other sister, 
but not finding her, and being destitute 
of nu>ney, she thought if she could pro- 
cure a situation for her boy as a drum- 
mer, for the short tinu' we had to remain 
in the service, she could find enq)loy- 
ment for herself and perliai)s find her 
sister by the time he was discharged. 

During her rehearsal of the story the 
little fellow kei)t his eye intently fixed 
up<iu the countenance of the captain, 
w ho was aliout to express a determina- 
tion not to take so small a hoy, when he 
sjioke out, saying: — 

"Don't be afraid, C;ciit;iin, I can 
drum." 

This was spoken w ith so nmch confi- 
dence, that the captain inunediately ob- 
served, with a smile, "Well, well. Ser- 
geant, bring a drum, ami order our fifer 
to come forward." In a few minutes 
the drum was produced, and our fifer 
made his api)earance — a tall, round- 
shouldered, good-natured fellow from 
the Dubuque nunes, who stood, when 
erect, sometliiug over six feet in height. 

Fjion being introduced to his new 
ccnnrade, he stooped downward with his 
hands resting tipon his knees that were 
thrown forward into an acute angle, and 
aft(M' peering into the littli' fellow's face, 
he observed, "My little man, can you 
drum?" "Yes, sir; I drunnned for 
Cajitain Hill in Teimessee." Our fifer 
inuneiliatcly connnenced straightening 
himself iqiward until all the angles in 
bis jierson bad disa|qieared, when he 
l)laeed his fife lo his mouth and played 
the " Flowers of Kdinburgb," one of the 
must dillicult tunes to follow with a 
drum that could have been selected, but 
nobly did the little fellow follow him, 
showing him to be master of the drum. 
When the nnisic ceased, our captain 
turned to the nmther and observed, 
" jMadani, I will take your boy. What 
is his name":'" "Edward Lee," she re- 
plied ; then placing her hand upon the 
captain's arm, she ccmtinucd, " Captahi, 
if lie is not killed," — here her maternal 
feeling overcame her utterance, and she 
bent (low n ov<'r her boy and kissed him 
on the foreheail. As she arose, she ob- 
served, "Cajitain, you will liring him 
back with you, won't you?" "Yes," 
he rcjilied, "we will he certain to liriiig 
him back with us. We will be dis- 
charged in six weeks." 

In an hour after our comii.iny led the 
Iowa First out of camii, our drum and 
life playing "The girl 1 left behind nie." 
Eddie, as we called him, scjoii became a 
great favorite with .all the men in 
the comi)any. When any id' the boys 
had returned from a horticultural ex- 
cursion, Eddie's share of the peaches 
and meliius were first .■ipportioned out. 
During our heavy and f.-itiguiug march 



INCIDENTS OF THE C I]' I L WAR. 



113 



from IJolhi to Spriugfield, it. was ot'ti'ii 
amusing to see our loug-legged tifcr 
wading tlirough the mud witli our little 
drummer mounted on his back — and al- 
ways in that position when fijrding 
streams. 

The niglit after the fight at Wilson's 
creek, where Lyon fell, I was detailed 
for guard duty. The hours passed 
slowly awa.v, when at length the morn- 
ing light liegan to streak aloug the east- 
ern sky, making surrounding olijects 
more plainly visiljle. Presently I lieard 
:i drum be.1t up the morning call. At 
lirst J thought it came from tlie cam)) of 
tlie enemy across the creek; for a tew 
minutes it was silent, and then as it lie- 
came more light I heard it again. I lis- 
tened ; the sound of the drum was fannl- 
iar to me; 1 knew that it was 

Our drummer boy from Tennessee, 
Beating for help tlie reveille. 

I was about to desert my post to goto 
bis assistance, when I discovered the of- 
licer of the guard approaching with two 
men. We all listened to the sound, and 
were satisfied that it was Eddie's drum. 
I asked iiermissiou to go to his assist- 
ance. 'I'lie officer hesitated, saying that 
the orders were to niarcli in twenty 
minutes. 1 promised to be back in that 
time, when he consented. I immediately 
started down the hill through the thick 
undergrowth, and upon reaching the 
valle_v I followed the sound of the drum, 
and soon found him seated upon the 
ground, with his back leaning against 
rlie trunk of a fallen tree, while his drum 
hung upon a bush in front of him, reach- 
ing nearly to the ground. As soon as 
be discovered me lie dropped his drum- 
sticks and exclaimed, "Oh, corporal, I 
am so glad to see you ! Give me a 
drink," reaching out his liand for my 
canteen, which was empty. 

I immediately turned to bring liim 
Slime water from the lirook that I could 
bi'ar rippling through the bushes near 
by, when thinking that I was about to 
leave him, he commenced crying, say- 
ing, "Don't leave me, corporal — I can't 
walk." I was soon back with the water, 
when I discovered that lioth his feet had 
lieen shot away by a cannon ball. After 
satisfying his thirst, lie looked up into 
my face and said, " You do n't think I 
will die, corporal, do you? This man 
.said I would not — he said the surgeon 
could cure my feet." 

I now discovered a man lying in the 
grass near him, dead. By his dress I 
recognized him as belonging to the 
enemy. It appeared that he liad been 
shot through the bowels, and had fallen 
near where Eddie lay. Knowing that 
he could not live, and seeing the condi- 
tion of the boy, he crawled to him, took 
ort' his buckskin suspenders, and corded 
the little fellow's legs below the knees, 
and then lay down and died. While he 
was telling me these particulars, I heard 
the tramj) of cavalry coming down the 
ravine, and in a moment a scout of the 
enemy was vipon us, and I was taken a 
prisoner. I requested the officer to take 
ICddie up in front of him; he did so. 



carrying him with great temlerness and 
care. AVhen we reached the camp of the 
enemy, the little fellow was dead. It is 
now about two weeks since I made my 
escape from McCulloch's grasp. 



The Drummer Boy of Tennessee. 

Wlien calleil the fife and drum at niuni 

The soldier from his rest, 
Anil those to higher honors born 

With softer couches blest, 
There came, a captain brave to seek. 

Deep in her mourning clad, 
IJy loss made sad, and journeying weak, 

A mother and a lad — 
And they had come from Tennessee, 
Waiting the beat of reveille. 

Hut, penniless and widowed. 

Her story soon she told ; 
The haiui 'of traitor had not spared 

Her husband's life nor gold ; 
And now she brought her only sou 

To fill the drummer's place; 
Thus young his daily bread to earn. 

His country's foes to face : 
For he had learned in Tennessee 
To beat the call of reveille. 

The boy upturned his eager gaze, 

And, 'with a beating heart, 
He read upon the captain's face 

Both kindliness and doubt; 
For be had marked his tender years, 

His little, fragile form — 
" Ilon't be afraid," he boldly cried, 

"For, captain, 1 can drum! 
And 1 have eonie from Tennessee, 
To sound for you the reveille." 

" Well, call the fifer! —bring the drum, 

To test this noble youth !" 
And well his part he did perform, 

A " Drummer Hoy," in truth ! 
" Yes, madam, I will take your boy," 

The captain kindly said. 
" Oh ! bring him back," her quick reply, 

I'nnumbered with the dead! 
Antl Kdiue Lek, of Tennessee, 
filiall play lor you the reveille." 

'T was many a weary march was raade, 

To sound of drum 'and fife, 
And well the " Drummer ISoy " essayeil 

To play the " march of life "; 
Each soldier loved and sought to share 

His part of good with him; 
The fifer on his back did bear 

Across each swollen stream 
This " Drummer IJoy " from Tennessee, 
^Vho beat with him the reveille. 

Hut came the battle-shock, and doom 

Of one great " I.von " he.art, 
Tlie victor's shout — the victim's groan. 

Fulfilled their fearful part! 
And on the blood-stained field of woe 

The ilarkness threw its pall ! 
The niorniug dawned on jitjUig foe ; 

When. /<.s7/ the ^^ morning c^U!" 
Our Drummer Hoy from Tennessee, 
Btf<iting for help the reveille ! 

Upon the valley sod he lay. 

Beside a lifeless foe, 
Whose dying hand had sought to stay 

The life-blood's ebbing flow; 
The quivering drum yet echoing 

The beating of his heart — 
The encamping angel beckoning 

From drum and fife to part ! 
And Edflie Lee, of Tennessee, 
Awaits the final reveille, 

— [New York Home Journal. 



Naval Engagement in Hampton 
Roads, as Described by an Eye- 
writness. 

An Kxciting: Week. 

Fortress MONitoE, Va., March 1.5, 
18(i'2. The i>ast week has indeed been 
an exciting one here. The dullness and 
monotony of camp-life have been ex- 



changed for the sounds of the stirring 
drums, of men marching in battle array 
to meet any land force which might sec- 
ond the naval armament arrayed against 
us, and for the flash and roar'of the can- 
non upon our shores. I have been a 
witness to tlie entire naval contest ; our 
signal defeat at first, our splendid tri- 
umph at the last. Mever have 1 known 
such alternations of feeling as this last 
week has lirought to me. I have seen 
the proud American Hag struck and 
humbled, and over it the white signal of 
surrender to a Rebel steamer waving, 
ami my heart sank within me for shame, 
ami then came emotions of stern resent- 
ment, and longing to see the att'ront 
avenged. I have seen that exultant 
Rebel steamer humbled in her turn be- 
fore the little Monitor, and the lierce, 
flame-breathing monster towed disalilecl 
away to his den, and tlien came a fieling 
of exultation, s.-iy rather of gratitude to 
(iod, whose Frovidence alone «ent that 
deliverance, which no language is ade- 
quate to express. I>et me now briefly 
recount events for the Journal readers, 
avoiding the trite details already before 
the public, and narrating things as 1 saw 
them. The like of this naval engage- 
ment, in many respects, the world never 
saw before; the tremendous interests 
which hang upon tlie issue have never 
been exceeded ; each witness is homid to 
give his testimony, and give it impar- 
tially, also. 

The Beginning:. 

Never has a lirighter day smiled upon 
Old Virginia than last Saturday. The 
hours crept lazily along, and sea and 
shore in tliis region saw nothing (o vary 
the nuuiotony of the scene. \ow and 
then a soldier might be heard comjilain- 
iug that his detachment of the loyal 
army was liaving no part in the glori- 
ous victories which everywhere else are 
crowning American valor witli such bril- 
liant success; or a sailor might be noted 
on sliipboard, felling bow much he hoped 
the Merrimac would show herself, and 
how certainly she would be sunk by our 
war vessels or land guns, if she dared 
make her appearance. At 1 o'clock in 
the afternoon the scene changed. Two 
strangely-clad steamers appeared above 
Newport News, coming down the river, 
and a mysterious monster — half ship, 
half house — came slowly steaming from 
Norfolk. We did not know, but we all 
felt, that the latter was the Merrimac. 
Your correspondent at once went to the 
large Seminary building on the slun'e, 
about two miles from the fortress and so 
much nearer Newport News, and with 
an excellent spy-glass could see distinct- 
ly every movement made. The engage- 
ment was a brief one, and as terrible 
and disastrous as lirief. The Merrimac 
is a slow sailer, but she steamed steadily 
toward Newport News and at once at- 
tacked the Cumberland. There lan 
never be a braver defense tlniii the of- 
flcers and sailors of that frigate made. 
They fought long after resistance was 
hopeless; they never surrendered, even 
when the water was filled with drown- 
ing men, and the fast-disappearing decks 
were slippery with blood; but all was 



15 



114 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



ill vaiD. With terrible aud resistless 
force the Merrimac steamed at the 
doomed vessel and pierced her side with 
her itnraeuse iron beak ; at the same time 
firiiiu; her heavy gims directly throuj^h 
her antagonist. The noble Cumberland 
soon sunk, and her sailors who were yet 
alive sought safety in the masts yetabove 
water, or by swimming to the shore. 

Meanwliile the Cunyress had been fired 
upon by the Kebel steamers YurkUnon 
and Jamcstinon, and also the tug-boats 
which accompanied the Merrimac. She 
had got as near to the shore as j)ossible, 
but when the iron monster turned his 
attention to Iter she was ol>liged soon to 
surrender. Oh, how liitterly we all felt 
the humiliation of seeing the wliite flag 
rising to the mast-head above the Stars 
and Stripes '. I am afraid I felt hardly 
like a Christian for the moment, if in- 
deed a longing for vengeance upfui my 
country's enemies be unchristian. I 
would have given all I possessed to see 
that aeeursed tyrant of the seas, with 
the liebi'l jiennant defiantly flying, sunk 
beside her victim, the noble Cumberland. 
But it was not so to be. We looked for 
the Minnesota and Roanoke, our helpers 
in the strife, the first our main 
dependence, and lo, both were 
aground and helpless in that fear- 
ful hour. It was well, for sure 
as the)' had floated, and the Merrimac 
could have come at them, they too must 
have been sunk or captured. The Mer- 
rimac draws more water than either of 
them. It did seem strange, though, that 
such a mishap should have chanced to 
both these steam frigates, whose pilots 
ought to have been so familiar witli the 
ch;innel ; luit the Roanoke for six months 
had lain in these waters with a broken 
shaft, whicli renders her helpless, and the 
former pilot of the Minnesota had Just 
given way to another and less experi- 
enced man. It was all overruled for good. 

The Merrimac now threw her balls 
thick and fast and heavy upon the camp 
at Xewporl News. .Strange to say, none 
of the-c shot or shell did any material 
damage, tlioiigh one of them jiassed di- 
rectly throiiglHieneral Mansfield"s (juar- 
ters, made wild work with his room, 
covered the general with S|)liiiters of 
wood, and had it exploded must have 
killed him. 1 saw the shell next day, 
and eonvi'rsed with the general with ref- 
ei-euec (oil. lie had it in bis apartment. 
It weighed forty-two pounds; another 
by its side, also sent from Ihe Merriniar^ 
weighed ninety-two. The shells were 
ralher badly aimed, and most of them 
went into the woods, cutting off toi)s of 
trees as they fell, but fortunately, nay, 
providentially, liarnwng no one of the 
soldiery or Ihe fleeing women and ehil- 
tlren aud conlrabamls. A little lug liad 
been sent meanwhile from the Merrimac 
to the Congress to take oil' Ihe prisoners, 
but this tug was a mark lor the sliarp- 
shoolers from the shore anil from (he 
land batteries, which had been admirably 
serve<l under (ienenil Mansfield's skill- 
ful direction, and frighlcned Ihe York- 
toxon and Jamestown, and the little Itebel 
gun-boals from landing their forces. 
The olticers of the Congress and most of 



the sailors who were not killed, all save 
twenty-three, escaped to the shore; aud 
the Merrimac, damaged but not disabled 
by the Cumberland's broadsides, with 
her commander wounded and several 
men killed, retired from the conflict, 
giving a few i)assiug shots to the Min- 
nesota, but reserving her case till the 
morrow, and slowly steaming up to 
Norfolk, aciompauied by the .fames- 
town, Yorktown, and the smaller Rebel 
craft. 

SjitinMlay Kveninjj. 

That morrow ! How anxiously we 
waited for it! How much we feared its 
results I How anxious our Saturday eve 
of preijaration I At sundown there was 
nothing to dispute the emjjire of the seas 
with the Merrimac, and had a land at- 
tack been made by ilagruder then. God 
only knows what our fate would have 
been. The St. Laiorence and the Minne- 
sota aground .and helpless! The Roa- 
noke with a broken shaft — these were 
our defenses liy sea ! while on land we 
were doing all possible to resist a night 
invasion; but who could hope that 
would have much efficiency? Oh, what 
a night that was ! That night I never 
I'an forget. There was no fear during 
its long hours — danger, I find, does not 
bring that — but there was a longing for 
some interposition of God and waiting 
upon Him, from whom we felt our help 
must come, in earnest, fervent prayer, 
while not neglecting all the means of 
martial defense He had placed in our 
hands. Fugitives from Newport News 
kept arriving; ladies and children had 
walked the long ten miles from New- 
port News, feeling that their presence 
only embarrassed their brave husbands. 
Sailors from the Cmu/ress and Cumber- 
land came, one of them with his ship's 
flag bound about his waist as he had 
swam with it ashore, determined that the 
enemy should never trail it in dishonor 
as a trophy. Dusky fugitives, the con- 
trabands, came mournfully fleeing from 
a fate worse than death — slavery. 
These entered my cabin hungry aud 
weary, or passed it in long, sad proces- 
sion. The heavens were ablaze \\ ith 
the burning Congress. The hotel was 
crowded with fugitives, and private hos- 
pitality was taxed to the utmost. But 
there were no soldiers amon/j the flying 
host : all in oui- camps at Newport News 
and (amp Hamilton were at the post of 
duly, undismayed, and ready to do all 
and dare all for their country. The 
sailors came only to seek anotherchance 
at the enemy, siuce the Ixdd Cumberland 
had gone down in the deep waters, and 
the Congress had gone upward, as if a 
chariot of fire, to convey the manly souls 
whose bodies had perished in that con- 
flict ujjuard to heaven. I had lost sev- 
eral frieuds there; yet not lost, for they 
.are saved who do their duty to their coun- 
try and their God as these had done. 
A rroviclentlal Intcrponition. 

We clid not jiray in vain. 

"Tlu! heavy iiiKlit luuif,' ilark tlio hills ami 
waters (j'or," 

but the night was not half so heavy as 

our hearts, uor so dark as our prospects. 



All at once a speck of light gleamed on 
the distant wave; it moved; it came 
nearer and nearer, and at 10 o'clock at 
night the .Monitor appeared. '■' When the 
tale of brick is doubled, Moses comes." 
I never more firmly believed in special 
providences than at that hour. Even 
sceptics for the moment were converted, 
and said: ''God has sent her!" But 
how insignificant she looked ! She was 
but a speck on the dark blue sea at 
night, almost a laughable object by day. 
The enemy called her a "cheese box on a 
raft," and the comparison is a good one. 
Could she meet the Merrimac? The mor- 
row must determine, for under God, the 
Monitor is our only hope. 

DavHl and Goliath. 

The morrow came, and with it came 
the inevitable battle between those 
strange combatants, the Merrimac and 
the Monitor. What a lovely Sabbath 
morning it was ; how peaceful aud balmy 
that .Southern spring morning! Smiling 
N.-iture whispered only "peace," but 
fierci' Treason breathed out threatenings 
and slaughter, aud woulil have war. 
Nor would the Rebels respect the .Sab- 
bath; they knew no doctrine but slavery, 
no duty but obedience to her bloody be- 
hests. War let it be, then, since wicked 
men so determine, and we have no alter- 
native but shameful surrender of truth 
and eternal justice. The guilt of vio- 
lating God's Sabbath be upon the heads 
of those who will do it — we may not, 
indeed, can not, shrink from the terrible 
ordeal of battle. And soon it comes. 
At 9 o'clock, A. M., the Merrimac, ac- 
companied by her consorts, the war- 
steamers .famestown and Yorktown, aud 
a fleet of little tug-boats, crowded with 
ladies and gentlemen from Norfolk who 
were desirous of seeing the Minnesota 
captured, and perhaps, even. Fortress 
Monroe taken, certainly all its outlying 
vessels and the houses in its environs 
burnt. 

The little Monitor lay concealed in tlie 
shadow of the Minnesota. The Merrimac 
opens the conflict, and her guns shake 
the sea and air as they breathe out shot 
and flame. Sewall's Point sends from 
its mortars shells which burst in the 
air above the doomed Minnesota. The 
Minnesota, still aground, replies with a 
bold but inett'ectual broadside. All 
promises an easy victory to the Merri- 
mac, when lo ! the little Monitor steams 
gently out and oilers the monster Merri- 
mac battle. How puny, how contemi)t- 
ible she seemed ; nothing but that little 
roimd tub appearing al)ove the water, 
and yet flinging down the gage of defi- 
ance to the gigantic Merrimac. 'T was 
litth- David challenging the giant Goliath 
once again — the little one the hope of 
Israel, the giant the pride of the heathen 
Philistines. Trul)' our hopes were dim 
and our hearts almost faint for the mo- 
ment. The few men on the Monitor are 
sea- and storm-worn and weary enough, 
and their little craft is an experiment, 
with only two guns with which to an- 
swer the Merrimac's many. Who can 
doubt the issue':' Who believe the Mon- 
itor can fail to be defeated? Aud if she 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



115 



is, what is to hinder the victorious aud 
unopposed and unopposable Merrimac 
tr(jin opfning the blockade of tile coast, 
or shelling Washington, Xew York, and 
IJostou, after first devastating our camp 
aud destroying its soldiery? That was 
the issue; such might have beeu the re- 
sult, smile now who will. Believe me, 
there were prayers offered, many and 
fervent, tliat Sabbath, along the shore 
and from tlie fortress walls, as our regi- 
ment watclied the battle, and sailors 
must have prayed, too, as never be- 
fore. 

The Merrimac, after a few minutes of 
astounded silence, opened the contest. 
Slie tried to sink her puny foe at once 
by a broailside, and be no longer delayed 
fron\ the Minnesota, whose capture she 
bad determined upon. After the smoke 
id' the cannonade had cleared away, we 
looked fearing, and the crew of the Mer- 
rimac looked hoping, that tlie Monitor 
liad sunk to rise no more. But she still 
lived. There she was, witli tlie white 
wreaths of smoke crowning lier tower, 
as if a coronet of glory. And valiantly 
slie returned tlie tire, too, aud f(U- live 
hours such a lively cannonading as was 
heard, shaking earth and sea, was never 
heard before. Literally, I believe that 
never have ships carr}'ing such heavy 
guns met till that Sabbath morning. 
l';\-ery uiananivre was exhausted by the 
riieiiiy. The Yor/ctoxon approached to 
mingle in the fray. One shot was 
enough to send hei' back, a lame duck 
u|)on tlie waters, though she, too, is iroii- 
cl:ul. The Merrimac tried to run the 
Monitor down, and thus sink her; she 
only got fiercer shots by the opportunity 
she thus gave her little antagonist. And 
so it went on till tlic proud Merrimac, 
disabled, was glad to retire, and making 
signals of distress, was towed awa}- by 
her sorrowing consorts. David had cou- 
(|uered Goliath with his smooth stones 
or wrouglit iron balls from his little 
sling or shot-tower. Israel rejoiced in 
her deliverance, through the power of 
(iod, who had sent that little champion 
(if his cause, in our direst extremity, to 
the battle. Since then the Merrimac has 
not shown herself, and the enemy con- 
IVss her disabled, and her commander, 
Buchanan, ominous name, severely 
wounded, four of her crew killed, and 
seventeen wounded. They admit, too, 
the valor of our seamen, futile though it 
was. "The Cumherland' s officers and 
crew," says the Norfolk Day Book, 
'■ fouglit worthy of a better cause." 
Say, rather, worthy of the best cause 
in the w orld, and we who witnessed the 
fight will agree with them. 

A Night Scene. 

All that night, as well as the previous 
aud several succeeding, our regiments 
were under arms. I will not detail the 
precautions taken to prevent a defeat bj- 
land as, through the providence of God, 
an ultimate defeat by sea had been 
averted. Few of us slept that night, 
and had we done so most of us would 
have been awakened at midnight by the 
fearful cries wliieh came to us from the 
water: "Ship ahoy! O God, save us! 



Fire! fire! fire!" and occasionally a 
heavy cannou mingling its roar with 
those fearful cries. I rushed to the 
shore with many others, and then a little 
distance from me beheld the gun-boat 
iVhiCehall burning, and appareiitly her 
crew perishing in the fire or drowning in 
the waters near. It was terrible, all the 
more so as we could do nothing to aiil, no 
boat being near our camp. The balls from 
her shotted guns made even looking on 
dangerous ; one shell struck the I'nited 
States hospital at the fort and caused 
great terror among the inmates, all of 
whom believed, for a while, that the 
Merrimac had come down again and was 
shelling the fort. Only four of those 
poor seamen perished in the flames or 
w ater, through the mercy of (iod. 'I'he 
fire came from a shot from the ^Vtrri'mrtr, 
which had the dav before passed through 
the Whitehall and left a little spark 
smouldering unknown within. 

Result. 

Amid all these events, disastrous or 
merciful, our soldiers still live, the for- 
tress yet remains unscathed, aud the 
Minnesota and Eoanoke nud St. Larorence, 
though the first two need rejiairs, yet, 
fly the old flag at their mainmasts. 
Above all the little Monitor floats in tri- 
umph, a sentinel on the waters, and a 
strict " monitor" over the Rebels. But 
for the wounding of her noble com- 
mander, Lieutenant Worden, slie would 
have pursued and sunk the Merrimac, 
and will jirobably do so if another en- 
counter occurs. She has now another 
noble commander, Lieut. T. A. Sel- 
fridge, of Charlestown, whom I have 
known from liis boyhood and know to be 
brave and worthy of the proud old Bay 
state. I have visited Xewport Xews 
aud mourned there the death of the 
worthy Chaplain Lenliart, and the he- 
roic Captain Moore, whom I saw lint a 
few days before, ami talked with about 
Ills intended visit home to Boston. But 
wliilo I have mourned I have also re- 
joiced over our camps, in which none 
were killed, ami our officers and sailors, 
so many of whom were rescued. .Amer- 
ica will never forget that battle. It will 
mark an era in the history of the na^'y. 
It has taught us a useful lesson, and 
henceforth we have no more wooden 
walls as our reliance, but first our God, 
and then plates of steel, and iron-clad 
frigates and Monitors. 



General McClellaa's Address to his 
Army. 

The following admirable address has 
just been published, and is said to meet 
with an ardent response from the 
troops : — 

Heao-quaktkrs of Akmv of Potomac, ) 
Fairfax Ct)L'RT House, Va., Marcli U. S 
.Soldiers of the Armi/ of the Potomac : 

For a long time I Viave kept you inactive, 
bnt not without a purpose. You wore to be 
disciplined, armed, aud instructed. The 
formidable artilleiy you now have, bad to be 
cx-eated. Other armies were to move and ac- 
complish certain results. I have held you 
back that you might give the de.'ith blow to 
the Rebellion that has distracted our once 
happy country. The patience you have 



shown anil j-our confidence in j-our general 
are worthy a dozen victories. These pre 
liminary results are accomplished. 1 feel 
that the patient labors of many montlis have 
pniduced tlicir fruit. The .\rniy of the 
I'lttomac is now a real army, magnificent in 
material, admirable in discipline and in- 
strut'tiou, aud excellently eijviippcd and 
aimed. Your commanders are all that 1 
could wish. The moment for action has ar- 
rived, and I know that 1 can trust in you to 
save our country. 

As 1 ride through your ranks I see in your 
faces tlie sure prestige of victory. I feel that 
you will do whatever X ask of you. The 
pi'iiod of inaction has passed. 1 will tiring 
you now face to face with the Rebels, and 
only pray that God may defend the right. In 
whatever direction you may move, however 
strange my actions may appear to yon, ever 
bear in mind that my fate is linked with 
yours, and that all I do is to bring you where 
I know you wish to be, on the decisive battle 
field. It is my business to place you there. 
I am to watch over you as a parent over his 
cliildreu, and you know that yonr general 
loves you from the depths of "his hi'art. It 
shall be my care, it has ever been, to gain 
success with the least possible loss, but I 
know that if it is necessary you will willingly 
follow me to our graves for our righteou*8 
cause. God smiles upon us. Victory attends 
us, 3'et 1 would not h.ave you think'that our 
aim is to be obtained without a manly 
struggle. I will not disguise it from you that 
you have brave foes to encounter — focmen 
well worthy of the steel that you will use so 
well. I shall demand of j'ou great and heroic 
exertions, rapid and long marches, despia'nfe 
combats, and privations perhaps- We will 
share all these together, and when this sad 
war is over we will all return to our homes 
and feel that we can ask no higher honor than 
the ]iroud consciousucss that we belonged to 
the Army of the Potomac. 

liKOKGE B. McCLELl.A.N, 

Major-general Commanding. 



A Thrilling Occurrence at Island 
No. 10. 

It w ill be remembered by those who 
closely wati'hed the progress of the 
operations at Island Xo. 10, that Colonel 
Bissell managed, after much engineer- 
ing aud labor, to get a passage for 
transports around through the swamps 
and ba.vous, on the south side of the 
island, by which the Rebel guns were 
entirely avoided. The enemy, however, 
were so fortified that trans])orts coidd 
fiot safely again enter the river below 
the island, and the passage was not 
dee)! enough for the gun-boats, the 
)iresence of which was necessary for 
their ])rotection, as well as for the trans- 
portation of troops across the river, and 
to silence Rebel batteries on the banks. 
It was therefore resolved to run gun- 
boats past the formidable batteries. 
The Carondelet, Captain Walke, was 
selected for the first hazardous work. 
A correspondent of the Xew York Times 
describes the enterprise as follows : — 

"The preparations made were few. 
On the port side a flat boat was lashed, 
loaded with bales of pressed hay. atui 
calculated to afford considerable pro- 
tection against batteries located on the 
Kentucky shore. If they got through 
safely she would need fuel, and to sup- 
ply this a barge laden with coal was 
lashed to the opposite side, and by 
balancing the breastwork of hay, enabled 
her to be more easily handled. During 
the da.v (Friday) two of her bow guns 
were removed, and their places sup]ilied 
with rifled Dahlgren pieces of 50- and 
42-pounds caliber respectivelj'. 



116 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



"This was all the preiiaratiou inailc 
aud, thus aecoutcred, she waitcii l(ii- 
iiifflu, whose black luautle would, to 
some extent, lessen the danger of the 
attemi)t. 

" At 10 o'clock she cast loose and 
started slowlj- down the stream. At 
the same time heavy clouds had ovei- 
sjiread the sky, and a geuuine tropical 
(in size) thunder-storm came howrm"; 
up the river. It did not rain in the or- 
diuar}' meaning of the term, but whole 
gulfs of water came ])Ouring down in 
masses. Xor did it thunder and lighten 
in the usual meaning given to those 
words, but it roared at us as if all the 
electric batteries of north, south, east 
and west had concentrated their forces 
and were liellowing at us in unison, 
while the lightning in each broad flash 
was so vast and so vivid, that it seemed 
as if the gates of some hell like that 
described bv Milton were opened aud 
shut every instant, sutfering the whole 
fierce reflection of the infernal lake to 
flash across the sky. 

"At such a time" the Carondelet lifted 
her anchor, and slowly swung into the 
stream, watched, through the almost 
blinding flashes, by thousands of eager 
eyes, whose owners, regardless of the 
driving storm, crowded the decks of the 
other gun-boats aud transports, to 
watch the heroic undertaking. 

"Slowly she swung round till hauled 
down stream, aud then she pushed 
straight ahead, keeping well over to- 
ward the island. V.'e could see her al- 
most every second — every brace, port, 
and outline could be seen with startling 
distinctness enshrouded by a bluish- 
white glare of light, and then her black 
form, lor the next instant, would be- 
come merged in the dense blackness 
that lay ujion th(> liver like a pall. 

" Willi beating hearts, we saw her ar- 
rive opjiosite to and ]iass the first bat- 
tery on the Kentucky shore, without a 
demonstration from the enemy ! liut 
just below was another battery, whose 
guns had often i)itched their immense 
balls a clear distance of four miles ; and 
with hearts whose beating could al- 
most, it seemed, be heard lieiieath our 
jackets, we watched her slowly aji- 
proacbing, in checkers of darkness and 
Ibiiiie, the dreaded works. 

"A crasliing jieal of thunder — a blind- 
ing flash of light, which scarcely had dis- 
ajipeared when a broad blaze of flame 
burst from the fortifications, follow<Ml 
almost instantly by a second and a 
third. A lew instants later, aud the 
reports came up to us dulled by the roar 
of the storm. 

" AO rejily from the Carondelet. Slow- 
ly she steamed ahead, the sky all ablaze 
about her, the Kentucky shore vomiting 
fierce flames; the thunders ot the storm 
anil the roar of the IJebel ;irtillery com- 
mingling, as it heaven and earth bad 
joined to crush the audacious intruder. 

" In about twenty minuti's the Vnrondc- 
let had passed below the island, chased 
all the way by the outbursting flames 
along the shore, roared at by the thun- 
ders above, beset by the rain, and buf- 
feted bv the savage winds. 'I'hen the 



Hashes along the shore ceased, aud then 
came a few moments of terrible sus- 
pense. Had she gone down, or was she 
drifting helpless in the swift current V 
Just then the roar of a gun came up 
faintly from below, then another, and 
another. It was the signal that she 
had passed through safely ; and then 
there went up such thunders of cheers 
and hurricanes of shouts from the 
watching crowds, that even the storm 
itself was out-roared, aud the voice of 
our jubilation sent down to the Rebels, 
who «'ere gnashing their teeth in baf- 
fled rage behind their fortifications. 

" To conclude, I will add, that forty- 
seven shots were fired at the Carondelet, 
not one of which struck her! She lav ofl' 
last night a short distance above New 
Madriil, and this morning early steamed 
up to the landing. 

" Such another scene of rejoicing at her 
airival was probably never witnessed. 
Men hurrahed, cried, laughed — they 
fired cannon, tossed up their hats ; and 
finally their excitement culminated in 
seizing the crew of the boat that came 
ashore from the Carondelet, aud carry- 
ing them on their shoulders in triumph 
all over the town." 



T-wo Heroes. 



In our exchanges are notices of Cap- 
tain Farragut and of Commander Boggs 
of the Vanina, giving some anecdotes 
which, if not true, are at any rate char- 
acteristic, and we accordingly print 
them. 

Captain Farragut is a native of Ten- 
nessee. The Louisville Journal gives 
the following notice of his career: 

" In childhood he was adopted by the 
late Commodore David Porter, receiving 
his baptismal name, and is thus the 
brother adoptive of Cajit. .1. I). Porter, 
of the Essex, in our flotilla, and of 
Lieutenant Porter, in command of 
the mortar fleet at the mouth ot 
the Mississippi. Though only twelve 
years of age, he was on the Essex 
at Valparaiso in 1814, in that 
most gallant naval fight, and was 
specially commended to the deiiartnient 
for his bra VI' deportment. An anecdote, 
tolil of him, though trifling, indicates 
his character. After the surrender, a pig 
which he claimeil was carried oft' by a 
midshipman of the British frigate Phebe. 
Young Farragut api)ealed to the British 
captain for restitution, and received for 
reply that he could do nothing about it, 
but that he might go and whi]! the 
middy. ' Is that all?" said the lad, and, 
acting on the leave given, instantly 
whii)i)ed the aggressor and carried oft' 
his pig. 

" lie has been almost constantly in 
active service. During the years 1821-'J- 
.'i-l he was employed in cruising after 
l)irates in the Carribcan sea, and dis- 
tinguished himsilf by most efticient 
service and gallantry. He was for some 
time in coinmand of the Brooklyn, at the 
\^•r^.^ Cruz station, at the time of the 
mission of Mr. McLean to Mexico. He 
was twice married in Norfolk, Va., 
and is the owner ot a large jiroperty in 



that Hebel city. But before the out- 
break, and to avoid entanglements, he 
removed his family from Norfolk to a 
cottage on the Hudson, whence he was 
called to active duty in jiutting down 
the Rebellion. He is a most accmn- 
plished officer, versed in every point of 
his profession, and most energetic in all 
naval duties. He speaks with fluency 
five or six modern languages, and sailor 
as he is, is a gentleman of fine scholarly 
taste and aciiuireinents." 

('ommander Boggs is thus described 
by the New York Evening Post : — 

" Commander Charles S. Boggs, of 
the United States gun-boat Varuna, 
which was sunk in the recent engage- 
ment with the enemy at New Orleans, 
where he attacked thirteen gnu-boats of 
the Rebels and sunk six of them, and his 
last shot, fired when his deck was under 
water, sunk a gun-boat of the Rebels, is 
a native of New Brunswick, N. J. When 
a lad he told his father he wished to go 
into the navy. His father said to him — 
'You are too clumsy; you would fall 
into the water from the deck.' The next 
morning his father saw him on the roof 
of the house; he had climbed the light- 
ning rod, going up hand over hand. 
His mother was a sister of the gallant 
Lawrence, of the Chesapeake.^' 

It will be observed that both of these 
ofticers have had ancestors which might 
account for their fighting iiualities, — 
one being a member of the family of the 
elder Porter ; and the other a relative of 
the heroic Lawrence. 



Charleston. — An extract from a 
letter from a lady in Charleston, dated 
April 1st, says: "Tea $7 per pound. 
AVhat do j-ou think of calico $\ per 
yard':' Prices are incredible, yet per- 
sons are not discouraged. I bought 
braid, to bind my dress, for .'{"c. a piece. 
Shirting is firm at .50c. to 7.5e., and very 
scarce. Prices are rising daily. The 
fortifications around the city have be- 
come a fjishionable promenade; they are 
s])lendidly built and a great ornament. 
Do tell me what the fashions are."' 

That Old Broadsword. 

The Chicago Tribune recalls the fol- 
lowing incident : — 

"Once upon a time, when the since 
very warlike and terrifically redoubt- 
able Brigadier-general Shields chal- 
eiiged the then modest lawyer, Abraham 
Lincoln, lo fight a duel witli him, 
whereby his wounded honor, bleeding 
like ;i highly vascular stump after an 
;imputation, might be scabbed over, Mr. 
Lincoln (juite unexpectedly accepted the 
belligerent proposition of his adversary, 
;ind being unlearned in the use of the 
pistol with which Shields was familiar, 
sought, as Potter of AVisconsin did 
twenty years latter, to jnit himself on a 
footing of eipLility with the man of war, 
by choosing the weapons with which 
neither could boast any skill. He 
named broadsvvords. The place of 
meeting agreed upon was an uninhabited 
island in the Mississippi, near Alton. 
Tlie gener:il ami his party were, as they 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



117 



supposed, early on the ground ; but Mr. 
Lincoln was there before them, and w ith 
coat oil' and broadsword in liand. was 
chopping down and clearing oft' tlie 
noxious weeds and troublesome under- 
brush with which the spot was over- 
grown, to the end that the tight might 
go fairly on. This coolness and the 
tinielj- interposition of friends put stop 
to further proceedings, and jieaci^ was 
restored." 

In " improving " this incident, the 
Tribune says of the President : — 

"The veil which has hidden Iiis move- 
ments from the public is lifted at last, 
and we see, joyfully enough, that during 
the whole of the last two moutlis, with 
ax in hand and shirt sleeves tucked up, 
he has been engaged in laying low the 
foul growth with which the rich cor- 
ruption of the Buchanan adiiiinstration 
has filled all tlie places in the govern- 
ment, and that he is now ready, with 
the fire and courage of true iiatriotism 
in his eye, to accept the alternative 
which the traitors and Rebels have forced 
upon liim. 

Bravery of the Massachusetts Boys. 

Harpers' Weekly, the ablest and best 
conducted of our illustrated journals, is 
doing a world of good in keeping alive 
the patriotism of all sections of the 
country, and in fostering the true Union 
feeling, which hesitates not to render 
"honor to whom honor is due." In a 
late leader on the progress of the war, 
it says of the old Bay state, " Glorious 
Massachusetts, — the home of all that 
is truly noble in our American spirit, — 
is doing better than any other state." 
And the same journal, for the present 
week, thus eloquently and patriotically 
discourses in an article entitled : 
New £iig:land Never Ituns. 

Through the tears with which friends 
and lovers read the story of Edwards 
Ferry they can still smile upon the steaii- 
fast bravery of the Massachusetts boys. 
In the front of a fearful fire, with no 
means of retreat, with every chance 
against them, those young men stood 
serene; each man a hero, each man 
showing the quality of which invincible 
armies are made. Colonel Ijce refuses 
retreat and is made prisoner. Major 
Revere and Lieutenant Perry share his 
fate ; Lieutenant Putnam falls mortally 
wounded; Captain Dreher falls by his 
side; Captain Putnam looses his right 
arm ; Captain Schmidt is dangerously 
wounded ; Lieutenant Lowell is disabled. 
Lieutenant Holmes, said the first dis- 
patch, "wounded in the breast," — not 
in the back; no, not in the back; in the 
breast is Massachusetts wounded, if she 
is struck. Forward she falls, if she 
falls dead. Of twenty-two officers of 
the Massachusetts Twentieth who went 
into the battle nine only retiu-ned. 

And all New England boys are the 
bright peers of the Massachusetts. 
Rhode Island at Bull Run stood fast 
and steady through the whole ; retired, 
when the word came, to rest upon their 
arms as they supposed, and then renew 
the battle. "But when the order came 



to retreat," said one of them, " we were 
confounded, cursed McDowell, and 
wanted him hung." 

At Edwards Ferry the Rhode Island 
battery was said to have been deserted 
by its men. They were not there, it 
was reported, and Baker came to serve 
a piece. No, they were not by the gun; 
they were under it. They were at their 
posts still, but the brave hearts should 
beat and the strong hand serve uo more 
forever. 

Not less ready, not less steady are the 
other sons of New England. From the 
pines of Maine, the granite hills of 
New Hampshire, the green hills of Ver- 
mont, and soft valleys of the Connecti- 
cut, they have marched to the battle 
field, and every rifle in their hands is 
loaded and rammed down with an idea. 
They are not machine soldiers; they are 
men soldiers. And on the field their 
hosts are swelled with brotliers from 
California, from New York, from Michi- 
gan, from Indiana. They all stand there 
embattled, and of stutT so tried and 
true that the sea might as hopelessh' 
dash against Gibraltar as rebellion 
against their ranks. 

From the day Edwards Ferry, which 
to so many loving hearts will be forever 
a day of sacred sorrow, there is an in- 
s])iration and cheer which break joy- 
fully upon every patriotic heart. Dis- 
aster, casualty, death, are inevitable. 
Brave hearts that weep, you know it 
well ! But the heroism of your darlings 
plucks the sting from sorrow, conquers 
disaster. They fall — but they fall 
prophesies. They die — but, though 
dead, they speak, they smile. It is they 
who teach us that the same old heart 
that has won all the victories of history 
still beats. This time it is New Eng- 
land that points the truth. All are 
brave, thank God I New York and the 
■\Vest do not falter; California stands 
where Baker stood ; the men of Penn- 
sylvania bring arms of iron and nerves 
of steel. And the men of New Eng- 
land never run. 



A Draft at Savannah — Georgia Pa- 
triotism at a Low Ebb — Ludi- 
crous Scenes. 

A Savannah correspondent of the 
Charleston Courier furnishes an amus- 
ing description of the scene which en- 
sued on the occasion of a draft for four 
hundred men in Savannah, to complete 
a requisition for troops, the requisite 
number not having volunteered. Fif- 
teen hundred of the business men and 
mechanics of the city were drawn up in 
a hollow square on the parade groimd, 
all in a high state of excitement, when 
the followmg proceedings took place : — 

"The colonel now takes his place in the 
center, and from the back of a magnifi- 
cent horse, in a few well-timed remarks 
calls for volunteers. He said it was a 
shame that a Georgian should submit to 
be drafted, and dishonorable to a citizen 
of Savannah to be forced into the ser- 
vice of his country. He appealed to 
their patriotism, their pluck, and their 
— pelf. He told them of good clothes. 



good living, and fifty dollars bounty : 
and on the strength of these considera- 
tions invited everj' body to walk three 
spaces in front. Nobody did it. An 
ugly pause ensued, worse than a dead 
silence between the ticking of a conver- 
sation. The colonel thought he might 
not have been heard or understood, and 
repeated his catalogue of persuasions. 
At this point one of the sides of the square 
opened, and in marched a comiiany of 
about forty stalw.-jrt Irishmi ii, whom 
their captain, in a loud and exultant 
tone, announced as ' The Mitchell 
Guards; we volunteer, colonel, in a 
body.' The colonel was delighted. He 
l)roposed ' three cheers for the Mitchell 
Guards," and the crowd indulged not 
inordinately in the pulmonary exercise. 
The requisite number did not seem to be 
forthcoming, however, and the colonel 
made another little speech, winding up 
witli an invitation to the black drunnui'r 
and fifer to perambulate the quadran- 
gle and play Dixie, w hich they did, hut 
they came as they went — solitary and 
alone; not the ghost of a vohnileer 
being anywhei'e visible in the Ktliioiiian 
wake. The colonel looked as blank as 
if he w as getting desperate, and a draft 
seemed indispensable. 

"As a dernier resort the colonel di- 
rected all who had excuses to advance 
to the center and submit them for exam- 
ination. Did you ever see a crowd run 
away from a falling building at a fire, 
or toward a dog fight, or a street show? 
If you have you can form some idea of 
the tempestuous nature of the wave 
that swept toward the little table in the 
center of the square, around which were 
gathered the four grave gentlemen who 
were to examine the documents. It was 
a scene which, as an uninterested out- 
sider, one could only hold his sides and 
laugh at. Hats were crushed, ribs 
punched, corns smashed, and clothes 
torn. Every hand held its magical hit 
of ])aper, from the begrimed digits of 
the individual just from a stable or a 
foundery, to the dainty gloved extrennty 
of a dry goods clerk, just from his 
counter. Young and old, rich and jioor, 
neat and nasty. Americans, English- 
Irishmen, Germans, Frenchmen, Ital- 
ians, Israelites, and Gentiles, all went 
to make up the motley mass. What a 
pretty lot of sick and disabled individu- 
als there were to be sure. Swelled 
arms, limping legs, spine diseases, bad 
eyes, corns, toothaches, constitutional 
debility in the bread basket, eruptive 
diseases, deafness, rheumatism, not 
well generally — these and a thousand 
other complaints were represented as 
variously and heterogeneously as by any 
procession of pilgrims that ever visited 
the Holy Land. 

" And so the day progressed, nearly 
ten hours being consumed in the en- 
deavor to secure a draft. This after- 
noon the absentees were gathered 
together, and the efforts renewed, 
when, strange to say, every man who 
found the liability imminent of his being 
forced to enlist, protested that he was 
just on the point of doing so, and will- 
ingly put his name to the roll." 



118 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



■War Notes. 

The Courier has the following story of 
the iiatriotisni in the family of a Brook- 
lyn blacksmith : — 

" Before the departure of the Four- 
teenth regiment, a man who carried on a 
hlaeksmith shop iu connection with his 
two sons, went to the head-quarters and 
concluded to enlist. Pie said he could 
leave the blacksmith business in the 
hands of the boys — ' he could n't stand 
it any longer, and go he must.' He was 
enlisted. Next day down comes the 
oldest of the boys. The blacksmith 
business 'wasn't very drivin", and he 
guessed .John could take care of it.' 
'Well,' said the old man, 'go it.' And 
the oldest son went it. But the follow- 
ing day .lolin made his appearance. He 
felt lonesome, and had shut up the shop. 
The father remonstrated, but the boy 
would eulist, and enlist he did. Now, 
the old gentleman had two more sons 
wlio 'worked' the farm near Flushing. 
The military fever seems to have run in 
the family, for no sooner had the father 
and two older brothers enlisted, tlian 
the younger sous came in for a like pur- 
l)Ose. Tlie paterfamilias was a man of 
few words, but he said he ' would n't 
stand this anyhow.' The blacksmith 
business might go to — some other place, 
but the farm must be looked after. So 
the ttoys were sent home. Presently 
one of them reappeared. They had con- 
cluded that one could manage the farm, 
and had tossed up who should go with 
the Fourteenth, ami he had won the 
clianee. This arrangement was finally 
agreed to. But on the day of the de- 
jiarture the last boy of the family was 
oil hand to Join, and (m foot for march- 
ing. The old man was somewhat puz- 
zled to know wliat arrangements could 
have been made which would allow all 
the family to go. but the explanation of 
the boy solved the dilliculty. ' Father," 
said he, with a confidential chuckle in 
tlie old man's ear, • I 've let the farm on 
shares I " The whole family, father and 
torn- sons, went with the" Fourteenth 
regiment." 

The correspondent of the Evening 
Pust shows that the Connecticut "S'an- 
kees have not forgotten how to invent 
contrivances for comfort in camp : — 

"I liave just returned from a visit to 
the two regiments of Connecticut trooi>s. 
They are encami)e(l out on Seventh 
street, on the right of the Park house, a 
mile and a half north of the avenue. 
'I'hey occupy a very fine position on a 
slight eminence, which completely over- 
looks Washington, the Potomac, and 
.\lexandria. Both regiments are in 
cani|>, and under strict iliscipline. No 
Iroops have yet arrived here so splen- 
didly e(iuiii))ed as these two regiments. 
The lirsl rcginient brought on seventy 
liorses, and baggage wagons to match. 
The second brouglil forty horses and 
wagons. The camj) ecjuipage of both 
regiments is in aiimirable order. The 
cooking-stoves are made of thick slieet 
iron, and when not in use boilers and 
ulensils can all be ])acked inside the 
stove in small s])ace. Tlie canteens are 



so made (invented for the troops by a 
Connecticut Yankee, by the way), that a 
soldier can carry coffee, water, and meat 
in one of them, and drink his two kinds 
of liquids from the same case. In short, 
there is nothing wanting. These troops 
are equipjied for instant march into an 
enemy's country, and this can not be 
said of any other troops here, unless we 
except the regulars, and none of them 
are so handsomely e(iuipped as the Con- 
necticut boys." 



Prenticeana. 



Last week they had sleighing in the 
North, and slaying iu the South. 

The Union soldiers will be able to 
stand the summer better than the Kebels, 
for they have a greater talent at keeping 
cool. 

The Rebels, wherever they go, seem to 
have a passion for burning every thing 
under heaven except gunpowder. 

A Southern jKiper says the people of 
that region can use rye cotTee if they 
can't Java and Rio. It is a very strong 
kind of " cofi'ee" that the Rebels distil 
from their rye. 

AVe do n't suppose that the Southern 
lands will produce much of a crop of 
any thing this season, but we have no 
doubt that the Rebel armies will yield 
handsomely. 

Floyd said some time ago that he would 
give his last drop of blood to cement the 
South. The LaCrosse Democrat thinks 
he concluded to save his cement when he 
found that Foote had so much mortar. 

Pillow is reported to have said that he 
will shoot Floyd at sight. May the two 
take dead aim at each other's heads, and 
shoot at the same instant. 

It appears that there are nine hundred 
and forty-seven horse thieves in confine- 
ment throughout the country — exclu- 
sive of those in Fort Warren. 

It is said that Humphrey Marshall, 
thinking prol)ably that he has n't soldiers 
enough, is resorting twenty times a day 
to heavy drafts. 

There is a great deal of cotton in the 
Rebel states, but it is n't baled. Like al- 
most every thing else there, it is Ijing 
about loose. 

The two armies of the Potomac have 
at difVerent times run from Bull Run. 
Hut the Union army didn't, like the 
Rebels, run without a fight. 

The ]Jeb(>l women haven't yet, in olie- 
dience to the call of the men, volun- 
teered for the public service. We sup- 
pose they want to be pressed. 

As there is no salt in the South, we 
suppose that Floyd and Pillow liiink 
they have done their Rebel brethren an 
important service by teaching them liow 
to save their bacon wilhout it. 

(^ieneral McClellan has entered into an 
engagement with his troops to lead them 
at once where Ihev can give the Rebel- 
lion its ileath blow. His next engage- 
ment should be with the enemy. 

We have_ sent our old frienii. Roger 
Hanson, a five-gallon demijohn of whis- 
key. Hoger is still a zealous Rebel, and 
lie will soon be recruiting in Fort War- 
ren. — [Louisville Journal. 



A Soldier's Letter and a 'Woman's 
Answer. 

HosprrAL, April. ISCJ. 
I write with a great deal of pain, dear crii'l : 
I 've not been able before since the flglit, 
And my brain is still so much in a whirl, 

Tliat 'I can tell you but little to-night. 
Cm wounded — don't stai't— 'tis not very bad, 

Or, at least, it might be worse ; so I said. 
When I thought of you, "Cm sure she'll be 
glad 
To know that I'm only wounded — not 
dead." 

I 've lost my left arm — there, now you know 
all ! 

A Minie-ball shattered it, and I fell ! 
The last that I heard was our captain's call, 

fntil — the rest is too painful to tell. 
I 've had throughout the most excellent care, 

And 1 'm doing finely, the surgeon says; 
So well, indeed, that the prospect is fair 

Kor a homeward trip before many days. 

IJut I 've something else, dear Mary, to say, 

And I 'd say it if it cost me my lite; 
I've thought of it well — there 's no other 
way — 
\ on 're released from your promise to be 
my wife. 
You'll "think me foolish at first; then you'll 
think 
< U" the loose, armless coat-slceve at mv 
siile ; 
.\nd your proud and sensitive heart will 
shrink 
From the thought of being a cripple's bride. 

'T is a bitter struggle to give you up. 

For I 've loved you more than ever of late ; 
Hut tlown to its dregs I 've drained the cup, 

.\nd I 'm calm, though my heart is desolate. 
1 'm coining home, and of course we must 
uteet ; 

.My darling, tliis one, one boon I imi>lore — 
JjCt'ns still be friends — for that will be sweet, 

.since now, alas! we can be nothing more. 

SWF.KT Home, April, ISfiJ. 
My Robert, how brave and noble you are! 

Too brave and too noble, I know, for me ; 
But you 've too little faith in me by far. 

If you believe I want to be free." 
I 'in "not released from my promise — no, no ! 

'T was never so sacred to me before ; 
if you could but know how I 've longed to go 

A lid w.atcli by your side, you 'd doubt me no 
more. 

I read your name iu the terrible list. 

Hut the tears froze back that sprang to my 
eye ; 
.\iid u fearful pain that I could not resist. 

Brushed my heart till 1 onlj' longed to die. 
The blessed tears by-and-by came again. 

And I felt, as you'in j'our letter said, 
A feeling of gladness 'mid all my pain. 

That Uobert was only wounded — not dead. 

() darling! to think you liave suffered so, 

And all these long, weary miles away; 
You've needed me very olfen, I know, 

While I could do nothing but hope and 
pray. 
Hut hardest of all is the bitter tliought 

Tliat you have been sulfering so much for 
m"e ; 
Poor Robert ! your manly letter has brought 

.V strange mixture of joy and misery. 

r.ut you 're coming home to my arms and 
"heart; 

You're right — I am proud and sensitive, 
too; 
Hut 1 'in only so when we are ai>art. 

And now f shall only be pi'oud of you! 
Von 're coming home to be happy and rest, 

Ami I wait the moment of blissful calm, 
\\ hen I shall be held to a soldier's breast 

l!v a patriot-hero's one strong arm! 



Last Mo.mknts of Geserai- John- 
.sTON. — Maj. D. M. llayden, one of Gen- 
eral Johnston's aids at tlie battle of Pitts- 
burg Landing, publishes an account of 
the last moments of that noted Rebel 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



119 



chieftain, iuthe Natchez (Miss.) Courier, 
as follows : — 

" General Johnston, elated with the en- 
tire success of the whole day, took the 
position before the brigades of Bowen 
and Breckinridge, and gave the order 
'fix bayonets.' The last moment I saw 
him before his fall he was haranguing 
his troops. Tiie charge was made with 
a shout, and the enemy fled in confu- 
sion. I was by the side of Bowen, and 
the ilinie-balls flew so close that they 
clipped his hair. I started to the right 
to see what had become of Chalmers, 
when I met Captain O'Hara, who an- 
nounced that (ieneral .Tohnston was 
wounded. We followed him down into 
the ravine, where we found him reclin- 
ing in the lap of Governor Harris, who 
had gently lifted him from his horse. 

" I was told that the only and last 
words he ever spoke were, some minutes 
after he was shot, ' Governor, I believe 
I am seriously wounded." Preston, in 
an agony of grief, threw his arms around 
him, and called aloud and asked if he 
knew him. 

"I caught hold of his hand and saw 
that he was still breathing. We admin- 
istered a little stiimdant, but he was to- 
tally unconscious, and quietly breathed 
his last." 

A Trick that was Unsuccessful. 
— The Fortress Monroe correspondent of 
the Philadelphia Press, under the date 
of the 23d, says : — 

A number of flour barrels, marked 
" Eggs — handle with care," came from 
Baltimore this morning on the steamer. 
They were addressed to private jiarties, 
but some army official smelt an animal 
of the rodent species, and opened said 
barrels, when the eggs were found to be 
made of glass, with long necks, and 
their contents were found to consist of 
the oil of corn. They contained whis- 
key, and of good quality. It was im- 
mediately contiscated. 

Ownership ok the Mississipi'i 
River. — The Loinsville Democrat says 
Kentucky and her neighboring states 
would have separated from the East and 
North before they would have given up 
free navigation of the Mississippi. The 
attempt to close it up, or allow its free 
navigation by the gracious permission 
of any body, was preposterous. It was 
as injurious to the contemptible faction 
that undertook to monopolize the river 
as it was to those upon its branches and 
its upper waters. The Democrat adds : 
" We can assure Missouri, Louisiana, 
Arkansas, etc., that all their region be- 
longs to us who live in the great valley. 
If any people down that way are not 
satisfied with their landlords, they can 
pull up stakes and leave, but all the 
land and franchises of that region are 
ours. They can"t take away a single 
right we have on a foot of that soil. As 
long as they behave themselves they 
can live there and enjoy the blessings of 
a better government than they can 
make. If they will not behave them- 
selves, we shall be compelled to make 
them do so — that is all." 



Good-night! 



■Who 'Would n't 
Soldier ? 



Be a 



[Words of farewell written on the eve of 
tlie buttle of Shiloli, by the gallant Adjutant 
John 15. Thompson, of the Twentieth Illinois 
infantry (formerly of New Hampshire), wlio 
fell while bravely fighting for tiie stars and 
Stripes.] 

Good-night, dear brothers, I will sleep 

On Tennessee's green shore ; 
Good-night, sweet sisters, do not weep 

If I come home no more. 

Who would not be a soldier brave 

When his dear country calls? 
'Tis sweet to fill h soldier's grave, 

For him who nobly falls — 

If I should fall upon the field, 

My country's tlag to save, 
I pray that its bright folds may shield 

My'lonely soldier grave. 

The morning dawns, the foe is here ! 

We conquer, boys, or diel 
Fight for the flag we hold so dear. 

The fairest 'neath the sky. 

The fiMirful strife, terrific dread. 

With horror fills the air; 
The eartli is strewn with mangled dead ; 

Each breath a curse or prayer. 

I fall ! and life ebbs fast away; 

I never more may see, 
liut oil ! the .Stars and Stripes, they say, 

.Still wave on Tennessee. 

Brave boys, farewell ! go leave me now, 

Vour work is not yet lione, 
When twilight dews fall on my brow, 

My spirit will be gone. 

Dear home, farewell! 1 hoped to see 

Thy hills and streams again. 
But wildwood flowers will bloom o'er me 

When falls the summer-rain. 

Dear country, best beloved, farewell ! 

May heaven's smiles be thine, 
And 'all the Stars we love so well. 

On thy dear banner shine. 
Pri.nceto.v, III., April 30, 1862. 



the spiked guns which the Rebels leave 
behind, loaded with percussion caps — 
very carefully. — [Continental Monthly. 



A Rich Joke on a Sentimentalist. 
— Not long since, a lot of us — I am an 
H. P., "high private,"' now — were 
quartered in several wooden tenements, 
and in the inner room of one lay the 
corpus of a j-oung .Secesh officer, await- 
ing burial. The news soon spread to a 
village not far off". Down came a senti- 
mental, and not bad-looking, Virginia 
dame. 

"Let me kiss hira for his mother I" 
she cried, as I interrupted her progress. 
"Do let me kiss him for his mother!" 

" Kiss whom'?" 

"The dear little lieutenant; the one 
w ho lies dead within. Point him out to 
me, sir, if you please. I never saw him, 
but — oh!"" 

I led her through a room in which 

Lieutenant , of Philadelphia, lay 

stretched out on an up-turned trough, 
fast asleeii. Supposing hira to be the 
" article " sought for, she rushed up, and 
exclaiming, " Let me kiss him for his 
mother," approached her lips to his fore- 
head. AVhat was her amazement when 
the " corpus," ardent!}' clasping its arms 
around her, returned the salute vigor- 
ously, and exclaimed : — 

" Never mind the old lady, miss ; go it 
on your own account. I haven't the 
slightest objection ! " 

Sentiment is a fine thing, Mr. Editor, 
but it should be handled as one handles 



Religious Interest iu the Navy. 

The Sailors' Magazine for January con- 
tains an interesting letter from the iliap- 
lain of U. .S. shiji Miaijara, of the block- 
ading squadron, giving an account of 
the religious interest on board that ship. 
The Niagara was ordered to duty on the 
coast immediately on her return from 
Japan, and, as was to be expected, the 
religious interest which then pievaih d 
onboard, and which had resulted in the 
conversion of tifty of her officers and 
crew, suffered a check. The interest was, 
however, revived, anil within two months 
previous to the date of the letter, Nov. 2, 
twelve more had been added to the num- 
ber of professed disciples. Among these 
are three young officers, graduates of the 
Naval ac.'idemv, of speci:il interest and 
promise — one the son of a distinguished 
general officer in tlie army, now in active 
service, another, gr.nidson of one the 
most celebrated divines and theologians 
of the present century in our country; 
and the third, a descendant of the well- 
known and honored presidents of tlie 
College of New Jersey, Dr. Stanhope 
xSmith and Doctor Witherspoon. These 
three complete the number of twelve 
officers of the Niagara, who within the 
year past have publicly cast their lot, in 
this regard, with the Christian sailors 
on board. 

After alluding to the devotion of tlie 
crew to their commander. Commander 
McKean, the letter alludes to the pro- 
motion of the officer as follows : — 

" His promotion as admiral, — for such 
truly is his rank, though our democratic 
legislators very fastidiously object to 
the style, and choose, in its stead, the 
awkward and somewhat unmeaning 
epithet, "Flag-officer," — was a matter 
of great satisfaction to all hands, much 
more so than to himself; and the cheer 
upon cheer, which s]pontaneously burst 
forth, when, without any previous notice, 
and without form or the customary 
salute — a fact indicative of the unostenta- 
tious character of the commodore — the 
blue flag was seen to float from our 
mast-head, told the feelings of the heart 
towards him whose command it 
proclaims. 

"As you well know, he is a man of 
prayer, and during our whole cruise has 
been found night after night at our 
prayer and conference meetings on the 
forward deck, occupying the same plank 
for a seat with the common sailor, unit- 
ing in the songs of praise, and in the 
prayers of the humblest of them, and 
himself often leading us to the feet of 
Jesus at the throne of grace, or address- 
ing words of encouragement to the pro- 
fessor, and of exhortation and persuasion 
to the careless and unconcerned. His 
promotion as chief has produced no 
change in this respect. He was in his 
accustomed place the first night after 
securing it, and I know not when I 
have been more touched than when, at 
the close of the meeting, he motioned to 



120 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



nio to withhold the usual houcdictiou lor 
a iiiouicut. tliat 111' might, as I soon dis- 
covered, solicit tlie prayers of his 
hrother sailors and fellow Christians, 
lowly as their jiosition in coniparisou 
with Ills is. that he might have grace 
and strength from the Hearer of prayer 
to discharge the responsihilities newly 
devolved uiiou him, to tlie glory 
of (iod and the hcst interests and 
honor of his country. Such proofs 
of independence of character and just 
indiffi'rence to the views or opinions of 
men of the world in Christian profes- 
sion, are evidence of true nobility of 
mind and heart. I could not but be 
reminded by this incident of a similar 
instance of Christian (lei'ision and piety 
recorded of the gallant soldier and de- 
voted Christian — Havelock." 



AU Quiet Along the Potomac. 

[.V printed copy of the following beautiful 
linos was found in the pocliet of one of our 
vohniteers wlio died in caiup upon tile 
Potomac : ] 

"All quiet alonsthe Potomac," they say, 

" Except now and then a stray picket 
I.s sliot, as lie walks on his beat to and fro, 

By a rifleman hid in the thicket. 
'T is nothing — a private or two, now and 
then, 

Will not count in the news of the battle ; 
Not an offleer lost, only one of the men 

Moaning out, all alone, the death rattle." 

All quiet along the Potomac at night. 
Where the sf)ldici-s lie peacefully dreaming ; 

Their tents in the rays of the pale autumn 
moon. 
Or the light of the watchfire, arc gleaming. 

A tremulous sigh as the gentle night wind 
Through the forest leaves softly is creeping ; 

While stars up above, with their glittering 
eyes. 

Keep guard— for the army is sleeping. 

There '3 only the sound ot the lone sentry's 
tread. 
As he tramps from the rock to the fountain, 
.\nil thinks of the two in the low trundle bed. 

Far away in tlie cot on the mountain ; 
His musket falls slack — his face, dark and 
grim, 
(irows gentle with memories tender, 
As he mutters a priiyer for the children 
asleep — 
For their inothc^r, may Heaven defend her! 

The moon seems to shine just as brightly as 
then. 
That, night when the love yet unspoken 
l.ein>pd up to his lips, and when low-mur- 
mured vows 
Were pledged, to be ever unbroken ; 
'I'lieii tlrawiiig his sleeve roughly over his 
eyes, 
He djishes the tears that are welling, 
.'\iid gathers bis gun closer up to its place 
As if to ke(!p down the heart swelling. 

He passes the fountain, the blasted pine tree. 

The footstep is lagging and weary ; 
Yet onward he goes through the broad belt of 
light 
Towards the sha<l<;s of a forest so dreary. 
Hark! was it the night-wind that rustled "the 
leaves? 
Was it the moonlight so wondrously flash- 
ing? 
It looked like aritte — "Ha ! Mary, good-hye ! " 
And the life-blood is ebbing and plashing. 

.Ml quiet along the Potomac to-night. 
No sound save the rusli of the river; 

While soft falls the dew on the face of the 
clcail,— 
The picket 's off duty, forever. 



Those Mechanics Again ! 

'J'he Boston Commercial Bulletin has 
the following in its " Sharp-shooters" 
coluiuu : " — 

"The regiments of the Northern 
army, it is well known, contain practi- 
cal mechanics of every branch of trade, 
as well as artists, merchants, clerks, and 
men from every walk of business ; so 
that when a commander wants a bridge 
built, a locomotive repaired, or a pair of 
boots mended, he finds a ready response 
to his order of 'Carpenters, stej) to the 
front ! ' ' Machinists, two paces for- 
ward, march!" 'Shoemakers, to the 
front and center, march ! ' 

" In an army composed of such ma- 
terial, the branch of trade from which 
such companies have been drawn will be 
indicated to the shrewd observer by their 
style of expression toward the enemy. 
For instance : — 

"Carpenters — At him 'full chisel"! 
Shave him down. 

"Printers — Knock him into 'pi'! 
Smash his ' form " ! 'Lead" him wtdl ! 
At him with a 'dash " I 

"Tailors — .Sew him up ! Give him a 
good ' basting ' ! 

" Sailors — Smash his ' top-lights ' ! 
' Run foul ot him ! " Sink him I 

"Shoemakers — Give him a welting! 
Peg away at him ! Close him up ! 

"Fishermen — Split and "sault him! 
Ilook him in thi' 'gills"! 

"Blacksmiths — Let him have it red 
hoty nammer it into him ! 

"Painters — A little more lead! Lay 
it on to him I We "re just the ' size ' for 
him ! 

" Barbers — Our ' dander " is up ! Now 
for a good 'brush"! Give him a good 
' lathering " ! 

"Cutlers — Polish him down! Give 
him a keen eilge ! 

" Bakers — He (k)neads working over ! 
Let's do him brown, boys! 

"Glaziers — Smash tiie awful 'set"! 
Let"s do our ' inittiest " ! 

" Lawyers — Be brief with him ! Ciet 
his head ' in Chancery " I Stick him with 
— the costs ! 

" Alachinists — Set his running gear in 
motion! We'll start the driving wheid, 
anil he sha"n"t break the connection 
again ! 

" Bill-posters — Stick him to the wall ! 

"Musical Instrument-makers — His 
notes are all spoiled ! String him up ! 

".Jewelers — Chase him well! Show 
him your mettle, boys! 

''Stage-drivers — Whi]) him into the 
traces! Touch up liis leaders with a 
string ! "" 

General Nelson. 

Every report of the conduct of 
(ieneral Nelson, — who a year ago was a 
blufl' lieutenant in the navy, is now in- 
teresting. A corres]iondent of the 
Louisville ./o»rn<(/, giving an account of 
the battle of Pittsburg Landing, speaks 
as follow s of this sailor on horseback : — 

"tieneral Xidsou — (iod bless him! a 
nobler and more patriotic gentleman 
never lived — commanded our division 
\\ ith consummate skill. Hiding into the 



thickest of the tight — his commanding 
person and large start' seemed to attract 
the tire of their batteries ; but he was 
cool, collected, and perfectly fearless. 
The general is a strict disciplinarian, 
sometimes rough in his expression ; but 
now you can hear oflicers and men say- 
ing, " The ' old man ' (this is an epithet 
of fondness) can say what he pleases to 
me after the way he fought us Monday."" 
He knew that he had saved Grant from 
a defeat w orse than Bull Run in its con- 
sequences, and his men relied on his 
ability and courageous daring with im- 
plicit confidence, and they were not dis- 
appointed. After (jeneral Buell,Xelson 
is the hero of Shiloh. Once during the 
day, when things lookeil rather squally, 
he remarked to Colonel Bruce: 'They 
are trying their best to turn my flank. 
Now, by G — il, there are two sides to 
every question; and if they persist 1 "II 
charge liayonets ! " And he would have 
done it if it had become necessary. 

'■ About 11.211 o'clock, A, M., their right 
had been tremendously reinforced, and 
they succeeded in making us retire for 
several hundred yards ; but Nelson was 
equal to the crisis, and gathering almost 
superhuman energy and courage, which 
he itnparted to his troops, he beat them 
back, whole platoons of their men 
strewing our road as we advanced. 
' Honor to whom honor is due" ; and 
this day"s fight has crowned William 
Nelson with imperishable glory and 
renown. ■■ 



Northern Courage. 

A letter from an officer in the Pitts- 
lield company, under ('apt. H. S. 
Briggs, mentions an incident which 
illustrates the sjiirit and courage which 
animate the members of that company. 
Speaking of the duty assigned to this 
company of taking possession of the 
ferry-boat, which it was supposed was 
in the hands of the Secessionists at 
Havre de (irace, he says : — 

■• We in fact bad a iiretty fair test of 
our pluck, in the opportunity we had of 
coolly contemplating all the dangers of 
an assault with tlie bayonet. There 
never was a more enthusiastic response 
than in the shout of assent which the 
men gave, when after fully stating to 
them the nature and danger of the 
undertaking. Captain Briggs asked them 
if they would stand by and follow him. 
One incident I must detail. Before reach- 
ing the place, Caiitain Briggs told the 
men that he proposed to lead them, 
bayonet in hand, as did Lieutenant 
Richardson also, and that it would be 
necessary for them to take two of the 
muskets from the ]irivates, of course 
relieving the privates thus disarmed 
from any participation in the intcriirise. 
Captain Briggs asked some one to hand 
him a gun — not one was otl'ered. lie 
turned to a fair-faced youth of nineteen 
and told him he would take his gun as 
it was left for him to select. He with- 
drew his gun as the Captain reached for 
it, and burst into tears, clinging to it 
with the devotion of a veteran., and 
pleaded with his superior otticer not to 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



121 



ilepiive him of participating in tlie 
service. His courluct was as noble and 
heroic as tlioiigli tlie enterprise liaclbeen 
carried into execution, and he liad met 
the fate of a forlorn hope. His name is 
Bicliard Powers. 

" We were agreeably disappointed in 
being allowed to take peaceable pos- 
session of the steamer, the rebels having 
retreated."" 



The Merrimac and her Exploits — 
An Inside Vie^v of the Rebel 
Monster — Statements of her 
Crew. 

The Philadelphia Inquirer has the sub- 
joined account of the exploits of the 
Merrimac in Hanijjton Roads. It is de- 
rived from the statements of two of the 
crew of that vessel, who escaped with 
forty others at the time of the explosion, 
and having made their way to Fortress 
Monroe, were sent thence to Philadel- 
phia. One of these fugitives is from 
Piscataquis, Me., and the other from 
Louisville, Ky. : — 

" Preparing for Action. 

" After leaving the dry dock at Xor- 
folk, the Merrimac laiil nine days under 
the shears at the navy yard ; before she 
left she was slushed all over with grease ; 
this was done every time afterward 
whenever she expected to go into an en- 
gagement. When the vessel left the 
navy yard at Norfolk, previous to the 
fight with the Monitor, Commodore Bu- 
chanan made the following speech to 
the men, the crew being called to quar- 
ters : ' Soldiers and Sailors — The Sec- 
retary of the Navy has placed me in 
command of the squadron of Virginia; 
all eyes are turned upon youto-fiay; the 
people of the South exjiect every man to 
do his duty, and more than his duty." 
Calling the attention of the men to the 
Federal vessels blockading the river, he 
said: 'Those two vessels, the Cnmber- 
!and and Congress, are worth over a 
million dollars apiece; we are going 
down to destroy or capture them. Many 
of you have families and firesides at 
home; there may be others who have 
not these inducements ; but, recollect, 
whether \\ e sink or capture those ves- 
sels, your prize money will be the same. 
No matter \\ hether you capture or de- 
stroy them, your compensation from the 
government will be sufflcieut to maintain 
you comfortably for life. Every man 
to his post. In a few minutes more 
you will be inaction.' 

" The Attack on tlie Cumberland. 

"Decks were then cleared for action, 
and the guns hauled in and loaded. She 
then proceeded down the stream, 
the decks in perfect silence, and 
every man in his place. As she passed 
on to the Cumberland, the shore battery 
opened on her with much vigor, but 
elicited no reply from the Merrimac. 
Soon after her bow gun was discharged 
at the Cumberland, when within a few 
hundred yards ; then the commodore 
shouted, ' Stand by the starboard bat- 
tery,' and his words were repeated by 



the first lieutenant, C. C. Jones. The 
Cumberland returned the fire. The 
whole broadside of the Cumberland was 
fired at once, which somewhat staggered 
the Merrimac, without doing any ma- 
terial damage. 

" At this moment the Commodore gave 
the command, ' Fire as soon as your 
guns are brought to bear." The first 
lieutenant ran along the deck, saying, 
'Depress your guns"?" 'Aim at the 
water line!" 'Heave the mainmast I" 
She then continued to fire her bow gun 
as she passed the Cumberland, and wore 
round to port. But three shots were 
fired by the bow gun up to the time she 
ran into the Cumberland. The Cumber- 
land was then sinking, when the Merri- 
mac poured her broadside into her and 
left her. The order was then passed to 
' cease firing." The Commodore then 
said, ' We 've destroyed the hated Cum- 
berland ; she is fast settling?" During 
this time there was no noise or excite- 
ment on board the Merrimac, but each 
man kejjt his position, the guns being 
admirably worked. 

'* Effect of the Cumberland's Fire. 
"At the time the Merrimac backed 
out, after striking the Cumberland, a 
shell from the latter struck gun No. '2 on 
the Merrimac, breaking about two feet 
oft' of the muzzle of the gun, and killed 
the first loader and wounded two oth- 
ers. At the commencement of the ac- 
tion with the Cumberland the broadside 
from the latter carried away two boats 
hauled up on the side of the Merrimac. 
Directly after the loader was killed at 
gun No. 2, the first sponger of the bow 
gun was killed by the sharp-shooters of 
the Cumberland, who were on the rig- 
ging. During the action a shell from 
the Cumberland struck the chain cable 
directly in the hawse-pipe, cutting it in 
two and dropping the anchor. Pieces of 
the chain struck by the shell wounded 
two of the men on the Merrimac, the 
shock knocking down and stunning 
every num standing near. Lieutenant 
Jones remarked during the action: 
' Boys, they "re giving our smoke-stack 
hell!' 

*' The Attack on the ConRi-ess. 

" No attempt was made by Connno- 
dore Buchanan to save any portion of 
the crew of tlie Cumberland. After 
leaving the Cumberland the Commodore 
of the Merrimac came down from the 
spar deck and said, 'Boys, we have 
finished one of them, and now bring 
your guns to bear on the Congress.^ She 
then proceeded in the direction of the 
Congress, and commenced firing at her. 
The Congress was then aground. Lieu- 
tenant Jones kept runnmg along the 
deck, repeating, ' Depress your guns ! ' 
' Depress your guns ! ' ' I^oad with 
white cross shell " ; and passed the word 
to the men having charge of the hot 
shot guns ' to load with hot shot for the 
Congress.' During the firing on either 
vessel the Commodore would scold the 
commanders of guns that did not fire to 
suit him, and would come down from 
his position and give words of praise to 
those who fired accurately. 



•'The Merrimac took a position about 
one hundred yards from the Congress, 
and continued to pour in broadsides on 
the devoted vessel until she struck her 
colors. The Conunodore then came 
down and directed the men to cease fir- 
ing on the Congress, and direct their 
o;uns to the batteries on shore, saying, 
'The Congress has surrendered ; cease 
firing." At this time one of the men 
proposed three cheers, which were about 
to be given, when the Commodore 
stopped them, and the first lieutenant 
shouted, 'No noise; stand by your 
guns.' As the Merrimac was hauling oft' 
from the batteries on shore, which were 
playing on her, the Commodore said, 
'The Congress Is hard and fast aground. 
We can not get her oft'. I liave sent 
Lieutenant Minoi-, the flag-ofticer, with 
orders to burn her." At this time the 
Beaufort, a Rebel gun-boat, was signaled 
for, to go on board and secure the pris- 
oners. 

" Captain Biichauan Wotinded. 

■' As the Beaufort was approaching the 
Congress, the rifle-men on shore opened 
fire on her. and also on a small boat be- 
longing to the Merrimac containing the 
Hag-olhcer, the result of which was that 
Lieutenant Minor was badly wounded, 
and another had his (^ye shot out. The 
Commodore then became \ei'y much ex- 
cited, ran down among the men and 
said, ' The scoundrels have sur- 
rendered, and are firing on our boats; 
direct your batteries on the Congress 
again," She then steamed up close to 
the Congress and fired a terrific broad- 
side, a white flag l)eing displayed all the 
time from the Congress, and an officer 
waving a white handkerchief from the 
deck of the vessel. The command was 
then given, ' Sharp-shooters, away," 
when they ran up on the spar deck tore- 
turn the fire of th<' sharp-shooters on 
shore. It was just then that Commodore 
Buchanan got wounded In the left thigh 
by a rifle-man from the shore ; he was 
then carried below without making auj' 
remark. Before being wounded, he is 
reported to have said, ' I have a 
brother on the Congress, and would like 
to get him in my power." 

'•At this time the Minnesota and St. 
Lawrence were seen approaching, and 
commenced firing on the gun-boats Pal- 
rick Henry and Jamestoicn. Just then 
Lieutenant Jones came on deck and said : 
• Boys, I am sorr}' to say the brave old 
Commodore is wounded, but the doctor 
says not mortally; and he says continue 
fighting, as he hopes to be witii you be- 
fore the fight is over yet." The Merrimac 
then advanced to meet the approaching 
vessels — Minnesota and St. Laxorence — 
and all three vessels ojiened fire. At 
this time the firing was very general and 
terrific from all directions. She received 
the broadsides of all these vessels, and 
passed on to her destination at Sewairs 
Point. 

"The Night After the Fight. 

"On arriving at Sewall's Point the 
Commodore expressed a desire to be 
carried on deck, to see the burning of 
the Congress, which vessel was then on 



16 



122 



INCIDENTS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



tire, but the doctor refused. By this 
time iiijilit was fast setting in. During 
that night all tlie Rebel gun-boats 
anchored around tlie Merrimac, and a 
continued traveling backwanl and for- 
ward took place. Much jollitication, 
drinking, etc., was kept up all night. 
All the officers and many of the crew 
were drunk. Grog was set out for the 
men, and every license given for them 
to do as they pleased, and get as drunk 
as they liked. The next morning the 
dead and wounded, including the Com- 
modore, were taken ashore. The Com- 
modore sent word to tlie men to behave 
that day as they liad the day before. 

** The Merrimac Discovers the Monitor. 

" About 10 o'clock the signal was given 
to all the gun-boats to weigh anchor, 
and the deck was cleared for action. 
The Merrimac, followed by all the other 
vessels, proceeded to the scene of the 
previous day's fight. About the tirst 
thing she olsservcd, the Monitor was ap- 
proaching her. Xo one on board had 
any knowledge of the character of the 
Monitor, but after a few shots had been 
tired some of the gunners remarked that 
the turret on the opposing vessel was 
iron. The order then came not to fire 
at the Monitor when they could get a 
shot at the Minnesota. While trying to 
take a position near the Minnesota, the 
Merrimac got aground. The Monitor 
then came up and sailed around the 
Merrimac, botli vessels firing at each 
other, the Merrimac endeavoring to get 
afloat and the officers becoming greatly 
dejected. 

" After she got oft' she run out to the 
Monitor and commenced leaking, her 
bows becoming shivered. Shots from 
the Monitor nearly went through her. 
The engineer told the lieutenant in com- 
mand that the two last shots she had 
received had injured her, and if she re- 
ceived one mtire in the same place it 
would come into the engine room. 
Lieutenant .Jones then concluded to re- 
turn. She was badly dented, and, 
though not placed hors de combat, sus- 
tained enough injury to take a long 
time to repair. 
'* New Pr«'i»ariitions to Attack the Monitor, 

"After this fight she was taken to 
the navy yard, and next morning went 
into the dock for n^pairs, remaining 
about one month. Her bows were pro- 
tix'ted with wrought iron casing — the 
guns injured were replaced. Great 
preparations were made to board the 
Monitor, in case of another ongagemeut 
with her. Scaling ladders, iron and 
woodi'ti wedges, to wedge the turret of 
the Monitor, so that her guns could not 
be brought to bear; chopping axes, to 
destroy gutta percha pii)e that supplies 
th(^ Monitor with air; balls saturated 
with lurpenline and oil, to throw into 
the turret; hotlles with the same in- 
gredients ; chloroform in bottles — were 
placed on board, lo throw down the 
turret of the Monitor, and three other 
boats were furnished with like in- 
gredients. 

"The tug White was furnished with 
chains to run around the turret ol' the 



Monitor, to fasten her to the Merrimac, 
and wet blankets and boiler-iron plate 
to cover grating supposed to be on the 
Monitor, in oriler to prevent the men 
from firing up at them, and also to 
smother the men on board the Mmiitor. 
The hoarding part 3- was to be led by 
Lieutenant Davidson.'' 



On Board the Cumberland, March 7, 
1862. 

BV OEORGE H. BOKEK. 

" Staml to your gana, men ! " Morris cried. 

Small need to pass the word ; 
<Jur men at quarters ranged themselves 

Before the drum was heard. 

And then began the sailors' jests; 

" What tiling is that, I say V" 
" A long-shore meeting-house adrift 

is stantling down the bay." 

A frown came over Morris' face. 
The strange, dark craft he knew ; 

" That is the iron Merrimac.